5 - Adjustments and responses to hazards and disasters

Syllabus detail: 
Responses to the risk of hazard events
  • Discuss the usefulness of assessing risk before deciding the strategies of adjustment and response to a hazard.
  • Describe attempts that have been made to reduce vulnerability by spreading the risk (aid, insurance) and by land-use planning (zoning) before the event

Responses before the event
  • Describe strategies designed to limit the damage from potential hazard events and disasters.

Responses after the event
  • Describe the range of responses, at the community, national and international levels, during and after a hazard event or disaster.
  • Distinguish between rescue, rehabilitation and reconstruction responses.
  • Explain how these responses are affected by individual and community perceptions.
  • Examine the factors that affected the choice of adjustments before, and responses to, actual hazard events or disasters.
  • Discuss the importance of re-assessing risk, and re-examining vulnerability, following any major hazard event or disaster.

Case study connections:
  • Evaluate the effectiveness of long term responses to drought in the Horn of Africa (aid).
  • Describe the strategies designed to limit the impact of earthquakes and tsunamis in Japan.
  • What strategies have reduced the impacts of cyclones in Bangladesh?
  • How has the risks of nuclear energy been re-assessed and vulnerability re-evaluated as a result Chernobyl?

Exam style questions: