4 - Disasters

Disasters are when a hazard event has serious consequences in terms of people affected, people killed, property damaged and other economic impacts. It is not so clear when a 'hazard event' becomes a 'disaster' however our chosen case studies definitely fulfill all the criteria needed to be classed as disasters.
Syllabus detail: 
Distinguish between a hazard event and a a disaster.
Explain why this distinction is not always completely objective.

Describe the methods used to quantify the spatial extent and intensity of disasters.

Examine the ways in which the intensity and impacts of disasters vary in space and have changed over time.

Case study connections:
Explain the causes and impacts of any one disaster resulting from a natural hazard. (Bangladesh, Horn of Africa or Japan)

Explain the causes and impacts of any one recent human-induced hazard event or disaster. (Chernobyl)

Exam style questions: 
Explain the difficulties that occur in distinguishing between a hazard event and a disaster.
Compare different methods used to quantify the intensity of disasters.
How does the intensity and impact of disasters vary on a global scale?
How has the intensity and impact of disasters varied over time?