About Thembang

Thembang village, located at about 2300m altitude is of high historical and cultural significance. It is an ancient village. In medieval era it was a headquarter of a large territory which was ruled by the powerful Thembang Bapu who were the direct descendant of the king of Tibet. This is a one of the oldest village in the region and it has witnessed many wars as a result a strong fortification with two stone wall gates (Northern and southern gate) were made by the villagers of Rahung, Khutam, Bhud and Khowna who were under the sovereignty of the Bapus during that time. A loud shout was given as a warning every evening before closing the giant gates. In 1913 Lt. Col. F M Bailey and Capt. H T Morshead of the Survey of British India have stayed here while coming down from Tibet during their Tsangpo Exploration in 1912-13 which is now known as Bailey trail. Many British officers including H W Tilman in 1938 had stayed in Thembang. The village has also witnessed a fierce battle between Indian and Chinese armies during the 1962 Indo-China war. A huge Chinese army had come down here through the Bailey trail went straight to Bomdila after securing Thembang, encircling a large numbers of Indian army between Bomdila and Sela Pass. 

As the village is located on a hill top, one can enjoy the view of Dirang River that meanders down below and mountain ranges of different colours. As there has been very little impact of urbanisation in the village, it provides immense potential to experience the traditional life style and culture of Monpa indigenous tribal community. Wide altitude range (2000m to above 6000m) provides natural advantage for nature loving tourist to fill the experiences inside forest types ranging from Temperate to Alpine Meadows and enjoy views of state’s highest peak ‘Gorichen’. The area also provide opportunity to nature lovers to see rare flora like Orchids, Rhododendrons, Primula and medicinal plants and fauna like Red Panda, Musk Deer, Himalayan Black Bear, Blue Sheep, Takin etc. Rich diversity of birds, which includes, Blood Pheasant, Monal, Tragopan etc. make the area one of the dream destination for bird watchers.

There is an old Monastery in which traditional wood carving, paintings and manuscripts have been preserved carefully. The ruins of fortification of the village can be seen with two stone wall gates in the two sides of the village. There are many caves of religious significance in and around village there are numerous stone blocks with carvings on them. In the village one has option to experience traditional village life style, agriculture system, animal rearing, traditional food, traditional dance and cultural programs. As the village is located on hill top, from the village one can enjoy the view of the Dirang River flowing down below, roads from Bomdila to Dirang and ranges of mountains of different colour.

For more detail about Thembang please visit Wikipedia at:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thembang