This document is aimed at staff of municipal governments , directories of Model Forest, Organisms No Governmental and leaders of the three BM area EcoAdapt action , multi-stakeholder platforms promoted by this project , Latin American Model Forest partners to the corresponding network , IUFROLAT, among others.
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Creating and Sharing New Knowledge Through Joint Learning on Water Governance and Climate Change Adaptation in Three Latin American Model Forests: The EcoAdapt Case
Authors: Kees Prins, IUFRO, Alejandra Cáu Cattán, Nataly Azcarrúnz, Alejandra Real, Lorena Villagron, Grégoire Leclerc, Raffaele Vignola, Mariela Morales, Bastiaan Louman.
The multi‐actor platforms were fundamental in generating a learning process which stimulated in turn further
learning processes. First, a series of knowledge‐sharing workshops were held which resulted in a permanent path of
joint learning and engagement. These workshops highlighted the demand for more precise and accessible
information which led in each Model Forest to the formation of platforms of multiple “change agents” helping to
organize field learning activities. These activities generated some promising outcomes, for example, a common
interest and understanding of water as a core component of the watershed ecosystem, and improved awareness of
the importance of the community drinking water systems, particularly with regard to physical infrastructure, local
management and governance.
Through a broad representation of local groups, these multi‐actor platforms achieved a growing legitimacy in their
respective local environments, filling a niche by addressing felt needs for local development around water issues.
Other positive effects included the mobilization of human, institutional and financial opportunities and resources, an
enhanced debate on dissemination of relevant information, and growing trust among actors through a common
language and vision. All this contributed to lowering the barriers between groups and institutions, and reducing
future transaction costs. In the long run, this could decrease operational costs and help the community to be more
effective in its actions around different issues related to water management.
In addition, the learning outcomes or lessons learned are converted gradually into inputs for strategic development,
scaling up, outreach, policy debate, and policy implementation. Distances between the actors diminish; policymakers
get more involved; people become more knowledgeable concerning legal and policy matters and are willing
to try to influence these policies or to make better use of them. Improved understanding of water issues and the
need for joint action go hand in hand, while the levels of intervention can be better integrated, leading to increased
The above‐mentioned outcomes fit well within the conceptual framework for knowledge management and learning
proposed by EcoAdapt. At the same time, the project results and framework suggest that there are still a few
challenges ahead in order to complete the learning process and establish a sustainable learning cycle. One of these
challenges is scaling up interventions at different levels of governance. This is of strategic importance because
community‐based environmental management has a limited effect and is meaningless if policy‐makers do not
respond adequately by revising existing policies and regulations.
Another challenge is to integrate policy objectives into ongoing local activities while integrating local interventions
into a broader policy framework. The project has been developing interactive learning methods, improving the
learning environment and applying different means of motivation. Up‐scaling and cross‐scale integration should lead
to the implementation of improved land management and learning practices at a sufficient level of scale to achieve
the desired changes in the socio‐ecological systems studied. Generating and sharing new knowledge through joint
learning may then set a solid basis for enhanced cooperation, social organization and governance in order to harness
synergies and address trade‐offs, rather than perpetuating old conflicts and demands around water scarcity and
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In the axis of the anti-utilitarian versus prospects the use of nature, the article raises the anthropological question complementary to "What does nature give us?"That is to say it: What is the impact of man's activities or how do people take care of nature? [Mauss, 1923 Descola, 2005]? Until the twentieth century, the man who had received or levied resources from the nature and he had taken in consideration the rituals which guaranteed the sanctity, binding rules for the management and conservation of Natural Resources [Hocart, 2005; Scubla, 1985]. It ended there with the extension and the globalization of commodity exchange [Caillé, 2009].
Facing with the inevitable degradation with accelerated search of environmental resources, States, and international organizations were unable to set up a regulatory organization World Environment. States and firms do agree on commercialization of the policies of the nature quickly become speculative (carbon market, a compensation fund for pollution in the United States and financialization). We are witnessing the "commodification" of the nature via payment programs for environmental services (you pay the owners and producers for services provided by nature). Against the excesses of speculation and securitization on the carbon market, what alternative policies antimilitarists can you resist?
I propose to extend the hypothesis of Ostrom  Management common resources by farmers' groups (fishermen, forest) on the basis of practical gift and reciprocity, to that of production of local public goods by groups or collectives rural [Sabourin, 2007; 2008; 2010]. The article includes two parts: a return on reciprocity human-nature and its destruction; an analysis of the commodification of the nature through a green economy policies and payment for environmental services. The findings relate to alternative perspectives.
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Socio-ecological systems: A holistic approach to understanding the interactions between humans and nature. Experience of participatory modeling in three territories in Latin America.
Authors: Abigail Fallot, Jean François Le Coq
On behalf of the EcoAdapt research-action project, participatory modeling exercises took place and resulted in diagrammatic representations of the functioning of the territory concerned with the problem of water availability and water quality conditions. The process of modeling began with a reflection about the principal problems and challenges faced by the different stakeholders of the territory in order to formulate a shared problematic. By stating the intervention of stakeholders in this problematic and the resources they manage in the territory, it was possible to understand what participation means in an Ecosystem-based adaptation project and to identify critical knowledge gaps about the natural resources. Finally by clarifying processes and interactions between actors and resources in each site, the modeling exercise emphasized the links between different aspects that hadn’t been considered before. Participatory modeling constituted a learning process and highlighted coordination failures that compromise the sustainability of the current social-ecological dynamics.
For more details about this article, you can read the edition of July 2014 - Vol. 7, Revista Virtual REDESMA, published in the section of the articles.