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On this page, you'll find the latest research news that EcoAdapt has been developing in the Model Forests in Argentina, Bolivia, and Chile.

Newsletter No. 9, March (2015)

posted 7 Apr 2015, 11:12 by Marybell muñoz ajiaco   [ updated 7 Apr 2015, 11:12 ]

EcoAdapt project presents the Newsletter No. 9, March (2015): Water to development: EcoAdapt's pilot project "water protection".

The pilot plan "Water protection"
 will be one of the great challenges during 2015 in the framework of the project. This initiative was a result of the project development, where key actors in the territory of Lonquimay and Curacautín, who took the decision to where or how should be executed this important initiative. (Available in Spanish). 


Now available: Report on social-institutional analysis of Model Forest Alto Malleco, Chile

posted 28 Apr 2014, 09:01 by Mary Coffman   [ updated 28 Apr 2014, 09:01 by Marybell muñoz ajiaco ]

The EcoAdapt team is in the process of publishing a series of summaries on the work carried out by the Model Forests analyzing the socio-institutional contexts in each project area. 

The most recent of these is now available on the weADAPT website under the title, "Análisis del contexto socio-institucional del Bosque Modelo Araucarias de Alto Malleco." Though published in the original Spanish of the deliverable, weADAPT has a translation tool that can display the content in many other languages. 


You can read the summary by clicking on the following link:
http://weadapt.org/knowledge-base/ecoadapt/analisis-del-contexto-socio-institucional-bosque-modelo-araucarias-de-alto-malleco

Summary of "Analysis of Social-Institutional Context in Bosque Modelo Jujuy" now available on weADAPT

posted 8 Apr 2014, 09:17 by Mary Coffman   [ updated 8 Apr 2014, 09:17 by Marybell muñoz ajiaco ]

The EcoAdapt team is in the process of publishing a series of summaries on the work carried out by the Model Forests analyzing the socio-institutional contexts in each project area. The first of these summaries is now available on the weADAPT website under the title, "Análisis del contexto socio-institucional del Bosque Modelo Jujuy." Though published in the original Spanish of the deliverable, weADAPT has a translation tool that can display the content in many other languages. 


You can read the summary by clicking on the following link:
http://weadapt.org/knowledge-base/ecoadapt/analisis-del-contexto-socio-institucional-del-bosque-modelo-jujuy

"Study of the Climate Variability of High Elevations in the watersheds of the Imperial and Biobío Rivers: Instrumental Approaches"

posted 8 Apr 2014, 08:46 by Mary Coffman   [ updated 8 Apr 2014, 08:46 by Marybell muñoz ajiaco ]

Climate variability in high elevation areas in the basins of the Imperial and BioBío Rivers




Under the framework of the EcoAdapt Project in Chile, a research process has begun to study the water context in the BMAAM territory (Caracautin and Lonquimay). The study entitled "Study of the Climate Variability of High Elevations in the watersheds of the Imperial and Biobío Rivers: Instrumental Approaches," and authored by Ariel Muñoz, explores the challenges behind the creation of development measures for adaptation to changes in climate.

According to the author, the quantity and quality of the instrumental records in Chile is limited. Despite having a large amount of distributed weather stations across the country, it is still not possible to easily obtain access to complete and longstanding instrumental climate records. However, from a total of 127 analyzed stations ("fluviometrical" and meteorological) between the regions of Bio Bio and Araucania, 15 weather stations and 9 fluviometrical stations were used. The results are shown inter alia in Rainfall variability; Variations in temperature and large-scale climatic Forcing (ENSO, SAM); The stated goal was to determine what were the major changes in the recent climate in the Andean areas of the basins of the Imperial and Biobío Rivers, through the analysis of instrumental records available.

The study area is located between 37º - 40ºS, in the center-south of Chile. Meteorological records were compiled by the Directorate General of Water (DGA), part of the Ministry of Public Works of Chile.

To analyze changes and trends in precipitation and temperature in the area, the study used regional composite series. These regional series are based on a series of stations that are highly correlated. The comparison period was between 1992-2012, which corresponded to annual values ​​expressed as standardized anomalies.


Principal Results from the Study 

Precipitation: 
- The precipitation showed a tendency to decrease in the study area, which was most marked from mid 1970-1980, mainly in the precipitation of the fall and spring seasons which had greater reductions. 
- The reduction in precipitation at high elevations has been close to 15% since the mid 70's. This analysis is limited by the extension of the registers in these altitude levels. However, through the relationships between these records and those located at lower elevations, it follows that the percentage of current reduction in rainfall is around 30% relative to the amount of rainfall recorded in the first half of the twentieth century.

Temperature:
- Changes in temperature were clearly detectable only in the case of minimum temperatures, which are increasing significantly as of the mid 70's. The recurrence of severe droughts has increased in the area. The change has been quite dramatic over the last 100 years. Both in winter and summer severe droughts (lower 10th percentile) have changed from occurring every twenty years on average to happening every six years on average today. While this is an average value, this knowledge could be a real factor of consideration in agriculture and water management. In this context, one should bear in mind that every 6 years on average, severe droughts may occur, which may be considered in planning crops, harvests, plantations and fruit production, and other farming activities. This can also be useful information for water management as it could help to promote the storage of the water resources during non-drought years.
- The minimum temperature has increased by almost two degrees (1.8 degrees Celsius) in the last decade compared to the average of the 47 years of record. Meanwhile the average and maximum temperatures have increased between 0.3 and 1 degree Celsius.

Climate forcing (ENSO , SAM ):
- In relation to the large-scale climate forcings (El Niño, the Southern Oscillation - ENSO, AAO), there were different relationships with the climate of the area, although all of them had a shared influence on the climate of the region. From the analysis developed in this work, we conclude that ENSO has a greater influence on precipitation, and a weaker relationship with temperature. Meanwhile, the AAO has a significant effect on both precipitation and temperature over the area, possibly even being the main modulator of the climate in the area.
- In relation to flow variability at different elevations, the results suggest that both in areas of low, and mid-elevation areas, water availability has fallen sharply in the last sixty years, particularly in the summer, autumn and spring. At low elevations winter flows have also been reduced, however the winter flows in areas of high elevation have increased during the last decades. Meanwhile, no trends were observed in mid-elevation areas, constituting one gradient variation of the flows according to the elevation of the seasons that were analyzed .

- Possibly the most interesting result from the point of view of climate change and potential adaptation measures was that winter flows have increased in areas of high elevations, which could be explained by an increase in elevation on the zero isotherm, which would relate to the increase in minimum temperatures found in this study. This could result in the accrual of liquid water being greater in areas where previously the water had been in the form of snow.


Conclusion

One of the main conclusions of the study presented by the author, is that given the significant changes in climate observed in this study, it is considered highly relevant to install and maintain instrumental records in areas of high elevations, in order to better understand how local climate changes in each geographical area of ​​the country. This approach could provide more precise measures for the development of policies and adaptation to the local climate change results. Regardless, the results can generate lines of work involved in an adaptation strategy. 

This information allows the project to initiate a process by key stakeholders to come up with a strategy for water management.

Chiquitano "Social-Institutional Context Analysis" summary now available on weADAPT

posted 31 Mar 2014, 09:14 by Mary Coffman   [ updated 31 Mar 2014, 09:14 by Marybell muñoz ajiaco ]

The EcoAdapt team is in the process of publishing a series of summaries on the work carried out by the Model Forests analyzing the socio-institutional contexts in each project area. The first of these summaries is now available on the weADAPT website under the title, "Análisis del contexto socio-institucional del Bosque Modelo Chiquitano." Though published in the original Spanish of the deliverable, weADAPT has a translation tool that can display the content in many other languages. 

Workshop: EcoAdapt presents lessons learned around climate change adaptation with a focus on hydrological services

posted 24 Mar 2014, 12:04 by Mary Coffman   [ updated 23 Mar 2015, 08:52 by Marybell muñoz ajiaco ]

Workshop: EcoAdapt presents lessons learned around climate change adaptation with a focus on hydrological services 

                                                        Ministerio del Ambiente

The EcoAdapt project will participate in the workshop "Building Sustainability for territorial management: Experience of Model Forests in Times of Climate Change," organized by the Ibero-American Model Forest Network (IAMFN) in close collaboration with the Ministry of Environment of Ecuador (MAE). The event will be held on 20 and 21 March 2014 in the Yunguilla Communal Reserve, located in the northwest of Quito, 1.5 hours from the Ecuadorian capital. 

The main objectives of the workshop are: 

1. Share experiences on strategies and actions to advance the construction of sustainability processes in Model Forests. 

2. Identify opportunities for exchanges or actions that contribute to  sustainability and knowledge management within IAMFN. 

3. Introduce local leaders and national authorities to the Ecuador management approach and experience of Model Forests within IAMFN.

Approximately 40 representatives of the Model Forests and related institutions are expected to attended from several Latin American countries, Europe and the Caribbean. EcoAdapt will be represented by the coordinators, the Jujuy Model Forest in Argentina,  Alto Malleco Araucaria Model Forest in Chile and Model Forest Chiquitano in Bolivia as well as the Fundación Futuro Latinoamericano (FFLA). Taking advantage of the presence of the managers of all Model Forests and the EcoAdapt management team in Quito, the annual meeting of the Steering Committee (Executive Committee) will also be held in the FFLA offices on March 22.

That same day there will be a Project Synthesis Workshop under the theme of Water Governance and Advocacy. Participants will reflect on the role and relationships of the actors in the various territorial levels, interagency collaboration, the role of technical assistance, and the importance of social organization and representation to develop truly participatory, legitimate and sustainable management processes around water resources. FFLA is responsible for the preparation, facilitation and systematization of space.

It is expected that the analysis generated will be significant for the Model Forests, contributing to action and strengthening local governance. For more information contact: Inty intyarto2002@yahoo.com.mx Arcos - Local coordinator of the workshop IAMFN or
Susana Viteri susana.viteri @ ffla.net - Technical Water Governance Strategic Initiative , FFLA.

Video from Argentina on adaptation to climate change projects

posted 27 Jan 2014, 09:54 by Mary Coffman   [ updated 27 Jan 2014, 09:54 by Marybell muñoz ajiaco ]

Nazareno Castillo, the National Director of Climate Change in Argentina speaks about what actions the Directorate is taking with respect to climate change adaptation. He talks about two internationally funded projects (with funds from CDM-UNFCCC): one in El Carmen, Patagonia, presented by the World Bank, and one in Northwest Argentina which was presented by the Unity for Rural Change (UCAR) - an Argentina entity accredited as a National Implementing Entity Project Global Fund for Adaptation to Climate Change: http://www.revistaempresaymedioambien...

Click here to watch the 5 minute video on YouTube. 

Click on this link to open video in YouTube

New Article from Chuiquitano Model Forest on weADAPT:

posted 24 Nov 2013, 13:33 by Mary Coffman   [ updated 24 Nov 2013, 13:33 by Marybell muñoz ajiaco ]

One of the goals of the conservation and forestry development project in the Chiquitano dry forest ecoregion  (in Bolivia and Paraguay) was the development of Municipal Land Use Plans ( PMOT ) in Chiquitania municipalities . According to the methodology , evaluation component within the territory, including Socioeconomic and Agroecological Zoning, is key to determining the suitability of the land and then to formulate a Land Use Plan . Overall, the development of Socioeconomic and Agroecological Zoning (AEZ ) in  most PMOTs is based on the methodological guide for the development of rural areas PMOT ( UOT , 2001) and in more specific terms in methodological procedures Zoning Agroecological and Socioeconomic ( ZONISIG , 2001). Seeing that these methodologies are more suited to productive cities and that the biodiversity component is very weak, we designed a set based on the reality of the municipalities of the environmental methodology ecoregion, where more importance is given to quality and to the biodiversity component...

Chile appointed as regional partner for water governance initiative

posted 11 Nov 2013, 09:36 by Mary Coffman   [ updated 11 Nov 2013, 09:36 by Marybell muñoz ajiaco ]

Through the General Directorate of Water (DGA), Chile has been appointed by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) to be the regional partner for the 2015 Water Governance Initiative, "which seeks to promote efficient and sustainable planning of this resource in the world." According to the recently published article in Diario Financiero, DGA's tasks will be to "identify key challenges and gaps with other Latin American countries on water governance, monitor the progress made ​​in this area, and coordinate with the organizations and agencies in charge of water management. "

These tasks coincide with EcoAdapt's objectives and so it will be important to observe the process and seek opportunities for integration. 

Sharing best practices on weADAPT.org

posted 12 Feb 2013, 12:03 by C3 Manchego   [ updated 25 Oct 2013, 11:01 by Marybell muñoz ajiaco ]

Plataforma weADAPT.org
weADAPT is an open platform that addresses issues of climate change adaptation and enables practitioners, researchers and policy makers to access accurate high quality as well as share experiences and lessons learned from initiatives processes linked to climate change adaptation.

One of the last items shared by the territories where EcoAdapt works, was published by the Model Forest Alto Malleco Araucaria. This paper reports the experience gained after a seminar-workshop entitled 'Adapting to climate change and water for local development' held in November 2012, which involved Caracautin communes and Lonquimay, IX Araucanía Region, Chile . 


The purpose of this event was to establish dialogue with local stakeholders on the impacts of climate change in the area of ​​influence of the Model Forest (Caracautin and Lonquimay communes), in particular, its influence on the availability of water present and future in the territory and its effects on the development prospects of the territory forward.

To view all entries and EcoAdapt shared experiences on this platform, visit:  http://weadapt.org/knowledge-base/ecoadapt



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