Caledonian Society for the Protection of Birds. CSPB is a network of Ornithologist's & trusted volunteers across Scotland,
Conservation biologists with the main focus on rare or endangered species "Discipline with a deadline" providing information about Scotland’s wild birds.
We are funded to research, monitor, and catalog every angle of the earth and its relation to society.
Five young filmmakers retrace the steps of a doomed group of hikers in pursuit of an unsolvable mystery.
0k - Jun 13, 2014, 3:45 PM by Odin Prometheus (v1)
Devil's Pass (2013) Director: Renny Harlin Stars : Holly Goss, Matt Stokoe, Luke Albright
Devil's Pass (2013)
0k - Jun 13, 2014, 3:34 PM by Odin Prometheus (v1)
Devil's Pass (2013) R Release: 2013-02-28 Rating : 57/100 Director: Renny Harlin Stars : Holly Goss, Matt Stokoe, Luke Albright Five young filmmakers retrace the steps of a doomed group of hikers in pursuit of an unsolvable mystery.
Amazing Creatures of the Deep Ocean
0k - Jun 13, 2014, 3:19 PM by Odin Prometheus (v1)
Sharkwater FULL 720p
0k - Jun 13, 2014, 3:17 PM by Odin Prometheus (v1)
For filmmaker Rob Stewart, exploring sharks began as an underwater adventure. What it turned into was a beautiful and dangerous life journey into the balance of life on earth.
#Sharkwater FULL 720p - In an effort to protect sharks, Stewart teams up with renegade conservationist Paul Watson of the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society.
0k - Jun 13, 2014, 3:16 PM by Odin Prometheus (v1)
From www.youtube.com - Today, 11:00 PM "An eye-opening film...visually stunning... this movie will change the way you see our oceans." - Bonnie Laufer, Tribute Magazine.
Showing 5 files from page Updates.
The Scottish Ornithologists' Club (SOC)
established by a group of Scottish ornithologists who met together in the rooms of the Royal Scottish Geographical Society in Edinburgh on 24th March 1936.
It exists to promote the study, enjoyment and conservation of wild birds and their habitats across Scotland. On the face of it, the SOC is a birdwatching club with 15 local branches across the country and a growing membership of over 3000. We bring together like-minded individuals with a passion for birds, nature and conservation, through a programme of talks, outings, conferences and via the Club's quarterly members' journal, Scottish Birds.
Recent Announcements, Ornithologist's Alliance.
Posted Jun 14, 2014, 1:56 PM by Odin Prometheus
Plants & Animals News
Posted Jun 13, 2014, 2:03 AM by Odin Prometheus
Related StoriesIdentifying Cyst-Laden Meat: Sarcocystis Thermostable PCR Detection Kit DevelopedJune 12, 2014 — Consumption of undercooked cyst-laden meat from cattle, sheep and goats may cause infection in humans. Researchers have successfully invented a PCR kit which provides a suitable and feasible means of ... full storyFoodborne Illness; Food; Nutrition; Food and Agriculture Detection of Cyst-Laden Meat Processed Red Meat: Higher Risk of Heart FailureNew Test Detects Toxic Prions in Blood Deepwater Horizon Oil On Shore Years Later Right Rehab: Paralyzed Rats Learn to Grip Again Habitat Fragmentation Threatens Wild Plants Chimps: 90% of New Mutations from Father Viral Infections Stalled by Protein in Cells Saving Celiac Patients from Gluten-Induced Harm Mediterranean Sea: Acidification, Warming Threats
Featured Research from universities, journals, and other organizations
June 12, 2014 — Proximity to other meadows increases disease resistance in wild meadow plants, according to a new study. The study analyzed the epidemiological dynamics of a fungal pathogen in the archipelago of... full story
from universities, journals, and other organizations
Posted Jun 13, 2014, 1:34 AM by Odin Prometheus
sciencedaily.comSince the days of Darwin, biologists have questioned why certain plants occur in widely separated places, the farthest reaches of North American and the Southern tip of South America but nowhere in between. How did they get there? An international team of researchers have now found an important piece of the puzzle: migratory birds about to fly to South America from the Arctic harbor small plant parts in their feathers.
All about Science. Curated by Freyr Titan.
Posted Jun 13, 2014, 1:24 AM by Odin Prometheus
All about Science.
Lowest Temperature At Which Life Forms Can Live and Grow Pinpointed
From planetearth.nerc.ac.uk -August 29, 2013 12:03 AM
The study, published inPLoS One, reveals that below -20°C, single-celled organisms dehydrate, sending them into a vitrified – glass-like – state during which they are unable to complete their life cycle.
The researchers propose that, since the organisms cannot reproduce below this temperature, -20°C is the lowest temperature limit for life on Earth.
Scientists placed single-celled organisms in a watery medium, and lowered the temperature. As the temperature fell, the medium started to turn into ice and as the ice crystals grew, the water inside the organisms seeped out to form more ice. This left the cells first dehydrated, and then vitrified. Once a cell has vitrified, scientists no longer consider it living as it cannot reproduce, but cells can be brought back to life when temperatures rise again. This vitrification phase is similar to the state plant seeds enter when they dry out.
'The interesting thing about vitrification is that in general a cell will survive, where it wouldn't survive freezing, if you freeze internally you die. But if you can do a controlled vitrification you can survive,' says Professor Andrew Clarke of NERC's British Antarctic Survey , lead author of the study. 'Once a cell is vitrified it can continue to survive right down to incredibly low temperatures. It just can't do much until it warms up.'
More complex organisms are able to survive at lower temperatures because they are able to control the medium the cells sit in to some extent.
'Bacteria, unicellular algae and unicellular fungi – of which there are a huge amount in the world-are free-living because they don't rely on other organisms ,' Clarke explains.
'Everything else, like trees and animals and insects, has the ability to control the fluid that surrounds their internal cells. In our case it's blood and lymph. In a complicated organism the cells sit in an environment that the organism can control. Free-living organisms don't have this; if ice forms in the environment they are subject to all the stresses that implies.'
If a free-living cell cools too quickly it would be unable to dehydrate and vitrify; instead it would freeze and wouldn't survive.
This goes some way towards explaining why preserving food using deep freezing works. Most fridge freezers operate at a temperature of nearly -20°C . This study shows that this temperature works because moulds and bacteria are unable to multiply and spoil food.
'We were really pleased that we had a result which had a wider relevance, as it provided a mechanism for why domestic freezers are as successful as they are,' Clarke says.
The scientists believe that the temperature limit they have discovered is universal, and below -20°C simple forms of unicellular life can't grow on Earth. During the study they looked at a wide range of single-celled organisms that use a variety of different energy sources, from light to minerals, to metabolise. Every single type vitrified below this temperature.
Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
Describe a bird accurately by using standard names for each part of its body.
Posted Jun 10, 2014, 4:36 AM by Odin Prometheus
Adventist Youth Honors Answer Book/Nature/Birds - Advanced
Describe a bird accurately by using standard names for each part of its body.Bird feet have many specializations. For example, perching birds have a tendon locking mechanism in their feet that helps them hold on to the perch when they are asleep. Aquatic birds have webbed feet used for efficient propulsion through the water. Birds of prey have sharp talons on the ends of their feet which they use for capturing and killing their prey. The male emperor penguin's feet are specially shaped so that he can hold an egg on top of them as he covers it with his body to keep it warm. The ostrich has just two toes on each foot (most birds have four), with the nail of the larger, inner one resembling a hoof. The outer toe lacks a nail. This is an adaptation unique to Ostriches that appears to aid in running.
Showing posts 1 - 5 of 14. View more »
WILD DOLPHINS LEAD RESCUERS TO A DROWNING GIRL. By Nilofar Bawa
Posted Jun 14, 2014, 2:03 PM by Odin Prometheus
By Nilofar Bawa 3 days 10 hours
In an excerpt from her book “Dolphin Confidential: Confessions of a Field Biologist,” Maddalena Bearzi, President of the Ocean Conservation Society, tells the story of the incredible day that a pod of dolphins stopped everything to save a human’s life.
According to Bearzai, she and her research team were heading back to shore when a pod they’d been observing abruptly stopped feeding and swam to deeper waters -- unusual behavior for the species.
The researchers followed them, and after a few miles, the animals stopped, forming an eerie ring around a dark spot in the water. Bearzai tells the astounding story:
“Someone’s in the water!” yelled my assistant, standing up and pointing at the seemingly lifeless body of a girl. For a moment, we were silent. Then, slowly, I maneuvered the boat closer. The girl was pallid and blonde and appeared to be fully clothed. As the boat neared, she feebly turned her head toward us, half-raising her hand as a weak sign for help.
While the dolphins circled around like bodyguards, the scientists sprang into action, pulling the hypothermic girl on board and wrapping her in a blanket to warm her. They couldn’t even communicate with her, because she was German and no one spoke the language, but it became later that the incident was an attempted suicide.
Happily, the girl was rushed to the hospital and revived, and eventually thanked her rescuers -- if the dolphins hadn’t led them to her, she would have died.
The scientists couldn’t find an explanation for this incredible behavior, but stories like this aren’t unheard of. In one stunning anecdote, a pod of dolphins intervened to protect a wildlife filmmaker from becoming a huge hammerhead’s next meal:
Laura Bridgeman of the International Marine Mammal Project said that these stories are the perfect evidence as to why we should treat dolphins with respect.
Even more remarkable than dolphin's apparent ability to recognize distress in another species is their commendable sense of altruism. I challenge someone to come up with a better explanation for the numerous accounts of dolphins saving human beings. Why else would they take time out of their days, and often put themselves at physical risk? We should treat them with the same respect and kindness they regularly show to us.
INDIAN MAN PLANTS 1360-ACRE FOREST BY HIMSELF OVER 30 YEARS!
Posted Jun 14, 2014, 12:49 PM by Odin Prometheus
By Elizabeth Stephens and Omar Bawa.
Deforestation in India has been a mounting problem for decades. This is the story of how one man, alone, has worked to rewrite this wrong.
A little more than 35 years ago, in 1979, a young teenager named Jadav “Mulai” Payeng, saw the raw and carnal effects of deforestation first hand: denuded landscapes, soil erosion, failing agricultural production, and wildlife unable to survive without the natural protection much-needed forestry provides.
When Payang was 16, floods washed dozens of snakes ashore onto a desolate sandbar in Jorhat, India. A day later, after the floodwaters had receded, Payeng noticed that the snakes had dried up.
"The snakes died in the heat, without any tree cover. I sat down and wept over their lifeless forms. It was carnage. I alerted the forest department and asked them if they could grow trees there. They said nothing would grow there. Instead, they asked me to try growing bamboo. It was painful, but I did it. There was nobody to help me. Nobody was interested," says Payeng.
This event changed his life. From that moment on, he dedicated himself to growing a refuge for wildlife and creating a lush, green ecosystem in which animals and plants might thrive. Alone, but determined, Payeng revisited that sandbar and over the course of 35 years, single-handedly planted saplings, one day at a time. He forever changed the landscape.
Whales | The Science: Many of the sounds that you will hear in this project have been recorded during such behavioral response studies.
Posted Jun 12, 2014, 1:15 AM by Odin Prometheus
Scooped by Vidar Oceanus onto #Adventurewithuswhale.fm - December 14, 2013 3:47 PM
Scientific American and the Zooniverse present Whales Calls.
Marine mammals are not the only sources of sound under water. Many natural phenomena, such as wind, rain, ice, lightning strikes can produce loud sound. We humans are a major contributor to the sound under water. There is a growing concern that sound generated by human activities can affect marine mammals. Human activities, such as shipping, searching for oil/gas using seismic surveys, explosions, military tactical sonars, and offshore constructions can produce loud sounds that affect animals, with potentially negative consequences.
Different international research projects have been set up to address several of these issues by studying the effect of sound on the behavior of marine mammals. The aim of such ‘behavioral response studies’ is to try to understand how and why marine mammals respond to various sound stimuli. These studies are badly needed in order to establish regulations and guidelines to mitigate the impact of man-made sound on marine life.
Many of the sounds that you will hear in this project have been recorded during such behavioral response studies. In these experiments, the effect of sonar sound on killer whales and pilot whales is studied. What we find is that killer whales and pilot whales respond to sonar sounds amongst others by changing the calls that they make.
The communication of killer whales and pilot whales is still poorly understood. While we know for some species the general context in which sounds are made (reproduction, contact calls for finding each other) many of the calls remain a mystery to us. To properly understand the implications of these responses, we need to know more about why and when animals make specific calls. This process is very challenging especially for vocal species such as killer whales and pilot whales.
The increasing size of current acoustic datasets and the large call repertoire make it very difficult for scientists to address these questions. A single person would take months to go through the data, and the outcome would still depend on a single persons’ interpretation.
For this reason we want to ask you to help us solve this problem, by categorizing the calls of killer whales and pilot whales that you find on this website. The dataset generated by this project will allow us to address interesting questions, such as:How well do different judgements of volunteers agree, and how well can we categorize calls of vocal species such as pilot whales?How large is the call repertoire of pilot whales? (is size repertoire sign of intelligence?)Do the long and short finned pilot whales have different call repertoires (or ‘dialects’?)
Be kind to animals and the Planet Earth.
Posted Jun 10, 2014, 6:48 AM by Odin Prometheus
Saving dolphins could be key to healing the oceans.
Posted Jun 10, 2014, 6:45 AM by Odin Prometheus
Environment.www.malibutimes.com - September 9, 2013 1:34 PM
One of the daily privileges of living in Southern California along the Santa Monica Bay is watching pods of bottlenose dolphins patrolling the coastline.
Posted: Friday, September 6, 2013 10:00 am
Dr. Reese Halter / Special to Malibu Times| 3 comments
One of the daily privileges of living in Southern California along the Santa Monica Bay is watching pods of bottlenose dolphins patrolling the coastline. They are extraordinary creatures with astounding memories that bring joy to my day each time I see them.
My students and I believe that dolphins are entitled to the right of life. We along with millions of other Earthlings are mortified that Japan and Faroe Islanders brutally slaughter dolphins e.g., the events at Faroe Islands and Taiji Cove, with such reckless abandon and a despicable sense of entitlement.
Those unfortunate dolphins and other sea life not slaughtered but caught are sentenced to an unimaginable captivity - suffering a brutal and torturous existence in dolphinariums for the amusement of unconscious humans. Have you seen the documentary "Blackfish"?
Since July 1 of this year, my colleagues and I have witnessed bottlenose dolphins dying along the eastern seaboard from New York to the Carolinas (and soon predicted along Florida), at ten times the normal death rates, washing ashore emaciated, shark bitten with shocking skin lesions. So far over 375 have perished. Predictions suggest casualties will at least double before a morbillus virus, which is implicated in their deaths, abates.
In addition, it is worrisome that polychlorinated biphenyls, or PCBs are showing up in high concentrations off the coast of Georgia. Although banned in the U.S. since 1979, the chemicals remain at manufacturing sites, bleeding carcinogenic toxicity into soils and waterways for many decades.
The truth of the matter is that our oceans are desperately sick; my forthcoming book 'Shepherding the Sea' delves into many of those details. In the meantime, dolphins and whales are in big trouble - naval and oil exploration sonar are shattering their eardrums, cargo ships are ramming them, 13 million miles (or 27 round trips to the moon!) of hooked and monofilament fishing lines are ensnaring them or cutting them badly, their autoimmune systems are so over-compromised from mercury poisoning (a by-product of coal-fired power plants) and toxic micro-plastics acting as sponges laced with high concentrations of potent man-made poisons. These awesome sea creatures are now susceptible to many viruses whereby pneumonia sets in quickly.
My colleagues have clearly shown that both filter feeding whales like humpbacks and both large and small toothed whales such as dolphins play an essential role in keeping the web of sea life intact and vibrant. The filter feeders fertilize the ocean with their nitrogen-rich flocculent fecal plumes; stimulating phytoplankton, enriching the marine ecosystem, and creating abundant fisheries. Toothed whales cull the old and weak fish and seal populations, preventing diseases from becoming epidemics and ensuring a high level of fitness throughout the seas.
The Japanese and Fareo Island bloodlust is barbaric and it is fueling the death of the sea - their repugnant sense of entitlement must end now!
The Japanese government recently called demonstrators in Tokyo 'environmental terrorists' for drawing attention to the beginning of yet another dolphin slaughter season. Shame on them for their incorrigible misuse of the word 'terrorism.'
Those that stand-up for nature and the rights of sealife are intrepid and indeed worthy of praise. On the other hand, those that authorize and profit from the killing or torturing of nature and the destruction of our living biosphere are perpetrating global crimes against all children, and their birth-right on planet Earth.
Do not buy tickets to dolphinariums.
Please support the conservation work of Blue Voice, Save Japan Dolphins, Ocean Preservation Society, Animals Australia and Operation Infinite Patience - Sea Shepherd.
Earth Dr Reese Halter is a broadcaster, conservation biologist, educator and co-author of "Life, The Wonder of it All".
Showing posts 1 - 5 of 5. View more »
Recent Announcements (News)
From www.thedodo.com - May 6, 4:05 PM By Stephen Messenger.
Posted Jun 11, 2014, 1:45 PM by Odin Prometheus
New Caledonia Just Established The World's Largest Protected Area For Marine Life.www.thedodo.com - May 6, 4:05 PM
By Stephen Messenger
There's a chance you've never heard of New Caledonia, a small island territory in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, but it's just made a huge step towards protecting the marine life beyond its shores..
In a monumental move announced last week, New Caledonia has officially created the world’s largest protected area -- a 1.3 million square kilometer marine reserve. The park covers the county's entire exclusive economic zone which stretches for hundreds of miles beyond its shores, an area more than three times the size of Germany.
New Caledonia’s human population is rather small, with just over 250 thousand inhabitants, but the waters surrounding it are teeming with biodiversity. According to Conservation International, the newly established Natural Park of the Coral Sea is home to 48 shark species, 25 types of marine mammals, 19 bird varieties, as well as 4,500 square kilometers of fragile coral reefs.
Planners from the organization Global Ocean Legacy, which worked with the government to establish the park, say that managing the protected area will focus on sustainability in terms of both tourism and the local fishing economy, serving as a model for other island nations throughout the world to follow.
“This decree brings us one step closer to ensuring that New Caledonia’s ecologically important marine habitat and the life it holds will remain healthy for the long-term," says the group's project director Christophe Chevillon.
“Within New Caledonia’s waters are unique areas deserving of the highest level of protection. As the management plan is developed, we are advocating for these special places to be safeguarded from fishing and other extractive activities to ensure they remain healthy and continue to deliver eco-tourism and environmental benefits."
Find out about shark finning and how you can help to end it. Stop Shark #Finning
Posted Jun 11, 2014, 1:40 PM by Odin Prometheus
Our World.: From www.stopsharkfinning.net - May 6, 4:11 PMwww.stopsharkfinning.net - May 6, 4:11 PM
Every year tens of millions of sharks die a slow death because of finning. Finning is the inhumane practice of hacking off the shark’s fins and throwing its still living body back into the sea. The sharks either starve to death, are eaten alive by other fish, or drown (if they are not in constant movement their gills cannot extract oxygen from the water). Shark fins are being “harvested” in ever greater numbers to feed the growing demand for shark fin soup, an Asian “delicacy”.
Not only is the finning of sharks barbaric, but their indiscriminate slaughter at an unsustainable rate is pushing many species to the brink of extinction. Since the 1970s the populations of several species have been decimated by over 95%. Due to the clandestine nature of finning, records are rarely kept of the numbers of sharks and species caught. Estimates are based on declared imports to shark fin markets such as Hong Kong and China.
StopSharkFinning.net is campaigning to achieve a worldwide ban on shark finning. That means that all sharks caught must be landed intact – their fins must not be removed while the shipping vessel is at sea.
If you are concerned about the plight of sharks – an animal that has been around since before the dinosaurs – there are plenty of things you can do to help. So go to our campaigns page and take action now!
14 New Species of Dancing #Frogs Discovered in India.
Posted Jun 11, 2014, 1:32 PM by Odin Prometheus
Scooped by Delphin Orca onto Our World.www.sciencespacerobots.com - May 9, 3:34 PM
Scientists from the University of Delhi have discovered 14 new species of dancing frogs. The lead scientist of the research is University of Delhi professor Sathyabhama Das Biju. The frogs, which belong to the Micrixalidae family, were found in remote areas of the mountains of Western Ghats in southern India.
The name "dancing frogs" comes from the unique foot-flagging behavior the male frogs make. The males use the behavior to try and draw the attention of females. Take a look: The new discovery brings the total number of known dancing frog species to 24. The scientists fear the frogs are likely endangered and some species could go extinct.
Biju told The Guardian, "Compared with other frogs, these are so sensitive to this habitat that any change might be devastating for them," Biju said. "Back in 2006, we saw maybe 400 to 500 hopping around during the egg-laying season. But each year there were less, and in the end even if you worked very hard it was difficult to catch even 100."
The research was published here in the Ceylon Journal of Science.
Fabien Cousteau's Mission 31.
Posted Jun 11, 2014, 1:26 PM by Odin Prometheus
Fabien Cousteau's Mission 31.www.thedodo.com - May 10, 2:09 PM
Fabien Cousteau’s Mission 31
Breaking new ground in ocean exploration and honoring the 50th anniversary of the monumental legacy left by Fabien’s grandfather Jacques-Yves Cousteau who is credited with creating the first ocean floor habitats for humans and leading a team of ocean explorers on the first attempt to live and work underwater.
Mission 31 Will Go Deeper
Based twice as deep as the original Cousteau Conshelf Two expedition in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary aboard Aquarius, the only underwater marine habitat and lab in the world.
Mission 31 Will Go Longer
Fabien and his team of aquanauts will be the first mission of this length to take place in Aquarius and will concurrently pay tribute to his grandfather’s Conshelf Two mission by expanding the Cousteau legacy by one full day for a total of 31 days.
From plasticbank.org - May 31, 9:14 PM
Posted Jun 11, 2014, 1:23 PM by Odin Prometheus
From Orca Avengers
Posted on May 31, 2014From plasticbank.org - May 31, 9:14 PM
The Plastic Bank is turning plastic waste into a currency that can be exchanged to help lift people out of poverty & transition them into a self-sustaining life of entrepreneurship.
We are setting up re-purposing / exchange centers for plastic waste in areas that have a high concentration of poverty and plastic pollution. Our mandate is to provide a ladder of opportunity for the world's poor to ascend from poverty by providing access to education, opportunities and 3D printing services.
The exchange process for our recycled “Social Plastic” improves the life of a disadvantaged person while cleaning our Planet.
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