The Cadets

Purpose


This is a memorial to the Australian and New Zealand Royal Military College Of Australia (RMC Duntroon) Cadets Who Died In The Great War 1914 – 1918.  

Created in 2012 (the 100th year of the College) it remembers the 48 cadets, both graduates (42) and non-graduates (6) who are buried or are named on memorials in Turkey, Egypt, Syria, Belgium and France.


Background

The  first Commandant, Brigadier Bridges chose the former sheep station at Duntroon as the site for the Military College. By June 1911, the essential buildings had been constructed, the staff appointed and the first intake of 32 Australians and 10 New Zealanders admitted.

On the 27 June 1911, the Governor-General, Lord Dudley, opened the college and announced that it would be called the Royal Military College of Australia (RMC).

The curriculum at RMC was designed as a four-year course, with half military and half academic subjects. 

Due to the outbreak of the First World War, the first intake was specially graduated in 1914 for overseas service. The second intake was similarly shorted and graduated  in 1914. The next two intakes were also shorted and the majority of cadets in the first four intakes served with either the Australian Imperial Force (AIF) or the New Zealand Army.

Using Colonel Lee’s history of the College (Duntroon, The Royal Military College of Australia, 1911-1946 Lee, Colonel J. E) as the source, 42 (30%) of the 139 Staff Cadets that graduated in the years 1914, 1915 and 1916 died in that conflict:

  • 17 died in the Gallipoli Campaign, 
  • 24 on the Western Front, and 
  • one in the Desert Campaigns.  

Graduates from the original 1911 intake lost seven out of 35, five in the Gallipoli Campaign and two on the Western Front.  

Graduates from the 1912 intake fared worst of all.  19 out of 36 died, 12 in the Gallipoli Campaign and seven on the Western Front.  

The third intake lost 10 out of 34 graduates, nine on the Western Front and one in Syria.  

The fourth intake lost six out of 34 graduates, all on the Western Front.  


List of ex-Cadets (graduates and non-graduates) Who Died in the War

Below is a table identifying the 48 ex-RMC cadets who died in the First World War.

This list includes both the 42 graduates discussed above and those six cadets who did not graduate  but who subsequently died while serving during the war.

Listings are in order of date of death.

Cadet numbers are given.

As two classes graduated in 1914 the 1911 entry are shown as graduating in 1914, the 1912 entry as graduating in 1914(2).

New Zealand cadets have (NZ) after their name

For ease of reference the six non graduates are right adjusted and have their names written italics.

Name

CSC Nr

Grad Yr

Unit

Date Died

Place Buried/Memorial

Comments

Allen, 2nd Lt H. G. (NZ)

38

Did not Graduate (DNG)

Auckland Infantry Battalion.  The CO was Plugge after whom Plugge’s Plateau at Gallipoli was named

25/04/15 

Baby 700 Cemetery, Anzac, Turkey

Entered College (Ec) 22/6/1911 Discharged (dis) 13/12/1913.  2nd Lieutenant Allen was killed during the Battle of the Landing at Gallipoli. His body was later found, identified and buried, possibly in 1918.

Patterson, Lt  P.J.

29

1914

12th Bn

25/04/15

Lone Pine Memorial, Gallipoli

In second or third wave to land.  Last seen late afternoon at the Nek after he took a party to help the 2nd Bn at Baby 700[1].

Waters, Lt  L.J.

49

1914 (2)

15th Bn

27/04/15

Quinn’s Post Cemetery, Gallipoli.

A. 23

Smith, Lt  E.W.T.  MID

15

1914

10th Bn

30/04/15

Egypt – 3 Chatby Military Cemetery at Alexandria

Died of wounds

Curwen-Walker, Lt  A.H.

70

1914 (2)

14th Bn

3/05/15

Lone Pine Memorial, Gallipoli

Died of wounds at sea

Macleod, Lt  K.A.

55

1914 (2)

13th Bn

3/05/15

Lone Pine Memorial, Gallipoli

 

Carpenter, 2nd Lt D. R. (NZ)

37

DNG

Auckland Infantry Battalion

8/05/15 

Twelve Tree Copse (New Zealand) Memorial, Twelve Tree Copse Cemetery, Helles, Turkey

Ec 22/6/1911 Dis 13/12/1913.  Lt Carpenter was killed in Kirithia, Gallipoli, on 8 May 1915 while serving with 3rd Auckland Company. The radio message confirming Lt Carpenter's death was received by his brother George as he approached Gallipoli.

Durston, Lt  N.H.

59

1914 (2)

16th Bn

9/05/15

Lone Pine Memorial, Gallipoli

Died of wounds. 

Wolfenden, Lt  Clarence William

19

1914

4th Battery 2nd Bde Australian Field Artillery

11/05/15

Beach Cemetery Anzac, Gallipoli

I. A. 33.

Hamilton, Lt  W.H.

51

1914 (2)

14th Bn

18/05/15

Shrapnel Valley Cemetery Anzac, Gallipoli

IV. A. 17. Apparently hit in head in same trench and action where Jacka won the VC

Dawkins, Lt  W.H.

10

1914

2nd Fd Coy Aust Engr

20/05/15

Beach Cemetery Anzac, Gallipoli

I. H. 3. The most visited grave in this tiny military is that of Pte Simpson.

McWilliam, Lt S.A.

57

1914 (2)

9th Light Horse

30/05/15

Walker’s Ridge Cemetery, Gallipoli.

Special Memorial. 16
Died of wounds

Thorne, Lt  A.

58

1914 (2)

7th Light Horse

27/07/15

Shell Green Cemetery, Gallipoli

I. F. 12

Mills, Cpl[2] H. S.

137

DNG

4th Bn

6/08/15

Lone Pine Memorial, Gallipoli

Ec 12/03/1914 Dis 9/12/1914

Anderson, Lt  L.W.H.

44

1914 (2)

8th Light Horse

7/08/15

Ari Burnu Cemetery Anzac, Gallipoli

G. 11

Chabrel, Capt  F.G.

48

1914 (2)

16th Bn

7/08/15

Lone Pine Memorial, Gallipoli

 

Dale, Lt  C.C.

60

1914 (2)

8th Light Horse

7/08/15

Lone Pine Memorial, Gallipoli

 

Hill, Lt T. N. W.

13 & 80

1914 (2)

14th Bn

8/08/15

Lone Pine Memorial, Gallipoli

He joined the college twice, thus two cadet numbers!

Lang, Capt  W.

50

1914 (2)

6th Light Horse

13/08/15

Lone Pine Memorial, Gallipoli

Died of wounds at sea

Biden, Lt  N.E.

42

1914

3rd Fd Coy Aust Engr

21/12/15

Greece 11. Portianos Military Cemetery (MC)

Served at Gallipoli. Died of pneumonia at Lemnos.

Elliott, Maj T.

43

1914 (2)

60th Bn

19/07/16

VC Corner MC at Fromelles, 

Battle of Fromelles.  2IC of 60th Bn in 15 Bde and very highly regarded by Brig ‘Pompey’Elliott (no relation)[3].

Hutchinson, Maj A.J.S.

46

1914 (2)

58th Bn

19/07/16

VC Corner MC at Fromelles, 

Battle of Fromelles.  Died leading two companies of the 58th Bn to assist a British attack (that did not eventuate) on the Sugarloaf feature. Recommended, unsuccessfully, for the VC by Brig Elliott[4].

Hopkins, Capt C.B MID

52

1914 (2)

14th Light Trench Mortar Battery

20/07/16

Rue-Du-Bois MC Fluerbaix,

I. F. 18 Battle of Fromelles.  He is only a few graves from my wife’s great-uncle’s grave. 

Mortimer, Capt  K.M.

114

1915

29th Bn

20/07/16

VC Corner MC at Fromelles, 

Battle of Fromelles

Robertson, Capt G. G.

111

1915

31st Bn

20/7/16

Tyne Cot MC Passendale.

LXVII. F. 12. Battle of Fromelles.  In 1924 his body was moved from Fromelles and reinterred at Tyne Cot basically because the organisation that recovered the body was based at Ypres.  This is apparently why he is buried there and not in VC Corner MC or another MC in that area

Arblaster, Capt C.

64

1914 (2)

53rd Bn

24/7/16

Douai Communal Cemetery France

D. 6.  An MG specialist. Wounded at Gallipoli while a member of 8th Light Horse and evacuated to England via Malta.  Transferred to 53rd Bn in Egypt. The 53rd was the left assaulting bn of 14 Bde at the Battle of Fromelles.  He ended up as the only officer in the remnants of his bn 100 yards inside the front line.  When eventually surrounded he tried to escape by attacking the Germans behind his position.  He was captured, after being severely wounded, and died of disease (sepsis) 24/7/1916 while POW in hospital at Douai.  His hospital records were then sent by the German Army to the Australian Army via the Red Cross.

Gray, Lt
H. A. M
.

110

DNG

5th Bn

25/07/16

Australian Memorial at Villers-Bretonneux, 

Ec 9/03/1913 dis 13/12/ 1913

Gepp, Lt  A.E.C.

84

1915

28th Bn

5/08/16

Australian Memorial at  Villers-Bretonneux, 

Battle of the Somme

Fulton, Maj  A.L.

65

1914 (2)

47th Bn

7/08/16

Australian Memorial at  Villers-Bretonneux, 

Battle of the Somme

Hardy, Capt  D.F.

32

1914

8th Bn

18/08/16

Pozieres British Cemetery, Ovillers-La Boisselle

III. R. 24 Battle of the Somme

Coward, Lt  W.A.

88

1915

24th Bn

22/08/16

Australian Memorial at  Villers-Bretonneux, 

Battle of the Somme

Carrington, Capt  C. (N.Z.)

78

1914 (2)

NZ Artillery

8/10/16

Guards' Cemetery, Lesboeufs

II. B. 10 Battle of the Somme

Jenkins, Capt  E.W.

90

1915

6th (Army) Field Artillery Brigade

21/12/16

Dartmoor Cemetery, Becordel-Becourt, 

I. F. 17.

Bretherton, Capt  A.R

101

1915

18th Bn

26/12/16

Guards' Cemetery, Lesboeufs

II. D. 3

Black, Cpl
G S

140

DNG

17th Bn

28/02/17

Warlencourt British Cemetery.

IV. B. I Ec 12/03/1915 dis 24/02/1915.  On 27 February, the 17th Battalion (NSW) relieved the 18th Battalion in positions in Malt Trench, a few hundred metres along the road from the cemetery. The unit diary states on 28 Feb 1917 that the Bn took part in Brigade Field operations.  This presumably was the attack on the  ‘Loupart Bastion’, the German trench system half a kilometre north–east of Warlencourt village, of which Malt Trench was a part.  His unit files state only that he was KIA.

Morgan,  Maj P.J.

4

1914

6th (Army) Field Artillery Brigade

4/04/17

Euston Road Cemetery, Colincamps, 

III. J. 5

Dean, Pte
A. W
.

146

DNG

24th Bn

3/05/17

Australian Memorial at Villers-Bretonneux, 

Ec 12/03/1915 dis 13/12/1915

Penny, Lt D.F.C.

149

1916

30th  Battery

5/06/17

Pont D'Achelles Military Cemetery Nieppe.

I.A.2.  His correct name is Desmond Ferguson Cairns-Penny, but he is noted in the RMC histories and other references as D F C Cairns.  MC is 3.5 kilometres north-west of Armentieres.  The battery was in action near Hill 63.  He and Lt R Allworth died (while asleep) when their dugout took a direct hit from enemy artillery.

Dyson, Lt  A.N.

123

1916

8th Brigade Aust  Fld Arty

8/06/17

Bailleul Communal Cemetery Extension (Nord), Bailleul

III. C. 191.

Freeman, Lt N.D.

131

1916

42nd Bn

31/07/17

Sanctuary Wood Cemetery, (near Ypres)

II. H. 23.

Wedd, Lt  C.C.G.

150

1916

23rd Coy MG Corps

11/10/17

Menin Gate, Ypres

 

Peart, Maj W.A.H.

102

1915

2nd Arty Bde

3/11/17

Lijssenthoek Military Cemetery, (12 km west of Ypres)

XXI. EE. 4  Died of wounds

Hatton, Maj A.T.

85

1915

5th Arty Bde

9/11/17

Belgian Battery Corner Cemetery, (near Ypres)

Spec. Memorial (I. P. 1D.).

Kennedy, Capt  M.S.

82

1914 (2)

1 Div HQ (ex 52 Bn and before that 5th Light Horse)

2/01/18

Dranoutre Military Cemetery, (Heuvelland, West-Vlaandere 11 km south of Ypres).

I. K. 6.  Mal Kennedy played 17 games for the Melbourne Football Club 1911-1912.  First to wear number 12 Jersey.  He is a  Camberwell Grammar School old boy.   Wounded at Gallipoli. Died of wounds while a GSO III in HQ 1 Div.  Was wounded in neck and chest by shell fire while en route, to visit a battalion HQ.  The party was making its way along a road at night time when fatally wounded by shellfire

Hinson, Capt  H.R. (N.Z.).

116

1915

Canterbury Mounted Rifles

30/03/18

Syria – Damascus Commonwealth War Cemetery

 

Greenshields, Capt G.J. MID

132

1916

7th Arty Bde

1/04/18

Heilly Station Cemetery, Mericourt-L'abbe, 

VII. A. 25.

Brown, Capt  F.V. (N.Z.)

117

1915

NZ Artillery

1/09/18

Bienvillers MC

XX. F. 10

Morell, Maj T. MC, MID

142

1916

3 Div HQ

27/02/19

Maubeuge (Sous-Le-Bois) Cemetery

C. 1  During the demobilisation period.  Laffin noted that he was one of General Monash’s favourite young staff officers.  Laffin gives his age as 23 at the time of death.  His MC was gazetted after his death.

  



[1]               See pp 139 and 167 of Gallipoli by Les Carlyon, softcover edition published by McMillan in 3003.

[2]               Col Lee has his rank as Sgt, the AWM as a Cpl.  A brother also served, Captain C F Mills MC, 4th Field Company Engineers.

[3]               The Great War, by Les Carlyon pp 65 and 75.

[4]               The Great War, pp 72-73