6.3 Some Interesting Telnet Sites
Big Dummy's Guide to the Internet

Go to Table of Contents. Visit Gifcom.

AGRICULTURE
 
     PENPages, run by Pennsylvania State University's College of
Agricultural Sciences, provides weekly world weather and crop reports
from the U.S. Department of Agriculture. These reports detail
everything from the effect of the weather on palm trees in Malaysia to
the state of the Ukrainian wheat crop. Reports from Pennsylvania
country extension officers offer tips for improving farm life. One
database lists Pennsylvania hay distributors by county -- and rates
the quality of their hay!
     The service lets you search for information two different ways. A
menu system gives you quick access to reports that change frequently,
such as the weekly crop/weather reports. An index system lets you
search through several thousand online documents by keyword. At the
main menu, you can either browse through an online manual or choose
"PENPages,'' which puts you into the agriculture system.
     Telnet: psupen.psu.edu
     User name: Your 2-letter state code or WORLD
 
     California State University's Advanced Technology Information
Network provides similar information as PENPages, only focusing on
California crops. It also maintains lists of upcoming California trade
shows and carries updates on biotechnology.
     Telnet:  caticsuf.cati.csufresno.edu
     Log in:  public
 
    You will then be asked to register and will be given a user name
and password.  Hit "a'' at the main menu for agricultural information. 
Hit "d'' to call up a menu that includes a biweekly biotechnology
report.
 
 
AIDS
 
     The University of Miami maintains a database of AIDS health
providers in southern Florida.
     Telnet:  callcat.med.miami.edu
     Log in:  library
 
     At the main menu, select P (for "AIDS providers" and you'll be able
to search for doctors, hospitals and other providers that care for
patients with AIDS.  You can also search by speciality.
 
     See also under Conversation and Health.
 
 
AMATEUR RADIO:
 
     The National Ham Radio Call-Sign Callbook lets you search for
American amateur operators by callsign, city, last name or Zip code. A
successful search will give you the ham's name, address, callsign,
age, type of license and when he or she got it.
     Telnet:  callsign.cs.buffalo.edu 2000 or ham.njit.edu 2000.
     When you connect, you tell the system how you want to search and
what you're looking for. For example, if you want to search for hams
by city, you would type
 
          city city name
 
and hit enter (for example: city Kankakee).
     Other search choices are "call" (after which you would type a
ham's name), "name," and "zip" (which you would follow with a Zip
code).  Be careful when searching for hams in a large city; there
doesn't seem to be anyway to shut off the list once it starts except
by using control-]. Otherwise, when done, type
 
               quit
 
and hit enter to disconnect.
 
 
ANIMALS
 
     See under Health.
 
 
CALCULATORS
 
     Hewlett-Packard maintains a free service on which you can seek
advice about their line of calculators.
     Telnet: hpcvbbs.cv.hp.com
     No log-in is needed.
 
CHEMISTRY

     The Electronic Periodic Table of the Elements draws the table on
your screen and then lets you look up various properties of individual
elements.
     Telnet: camms2.caos.kun.nl
     No password needed.

CONGRESS
 
     The Library of Congress Information Service lets you search current
and past legislation (dating to 1982).
     Telnet: locis.loc.gov
     Password: none needed.
     When you connect, you'll get a main menu that lets you select
from several databases, including the Library of Congress card catalog
(with book entries dating to 1978) and a database of information on
copyright laws.
     For the congressional database, select the number next to its
entry and hit enter.  You'll then be asked to choose which legislative year
to search. After that, a menu similar to this will come up:
 
  ***C103- THE LEGISLATIVE INFORMATION FILE FOR THE 103RD CONGRESS,
           which was updated on 05/10/93 and contains 4,044 records,
           is now available for your search.
                                                                              
   CURRENCY: All information is NOT current through the above date, which is
             machine generated when ANY information is added to the file.
             Bill numbers, official titles, sponsors, and status (STEP) added
             within 48 hours.  Indexing terms and digests added later, in
             some cases several weeks after the bill is added to the file.
                                                                              
    TO START   RETRIEVE to find:                    EXAMPLES:
    SEARCH:    member name  -------------->    retrieve rep gingrich
                                               retrieve sen kennedy
               bill number  -------------->    retrieve h.r. 1
               subject keywords  --------->    retrieve day care
                                                                              
    FOR HELP:  Type the word HELP and press the ENTER key.
                                                                              
                                                                              
    READY FOR NEW COMMAND:
 
CONVERSATION
   
     Communications Canada, a Canadian government agency is developing
Conversational Hypertext Access Technology (CHAT) is a system being
developed by Communications Canada to provide easy database access to
people with little or no computer experience, using what are known as
hypertext links.  Instead of cryptic computer commands, users type
questions in English.
    Telnet:  debra.doc.ca
    Log in:  chat
    You choose one of the three databases now online, one on AIDS, and
then ask questions in English.
    Ask the AIDS database, "When was AIDS first discovered?'' and it
answers:
    "The first case of AIDS in North America was diagnosed in 1979. 
Before that, it existed in Africa, probably beginning in the 1950's. 
AIDS was discovered in North America when a number of young men with a
history of homosexuality developed a rare type of cancer called
Kaposi's sarcoma.''
    Sometimes, you do have to rephrase your question. For example,
when asked "What is the link between AIDS and drug use?'' the computer
responds:
    "I know two things about drugs: the drugs that are used to treat
people with AIDS, and the risks that drug users have in getting AIDS. 
Please ask about treatments or drug users.''
 
COPYRIGHT LAW
 
     See under Congress.
 
CURRENT EVENTS
 
     Every year, the CIA publishes a Fact Book that is essentially an
almanac of all the world's countries and international organizations,
including such information as major products, type of government and
names of its leaders.  It's available for searching through the
University of Maryland Info Database.
     Telnet: info.umd.edu
     Choose a terminal type and hit enter (or just hit enter if you are
using VT100).  At the main menu, choose the number next to "Educational
Resources." Then select the number next to "International," followed by
"Factbook." You can then search by country or agency.
     This site also maintains copies of the U.S. budget, documents related
to the North American Free Trade Agreement and other government
initiatives. At the "Educational Resources" menu, select the number next to
"United States" and then the one next to "Government."

     The Access Legislative Information Service lets you browse through
and look up bills before the Hawaiian legislature.
     Telnet: access.uhcc.hawaii.edu
 
ENVIRONMENT
 
     Envirolink is a large database and conference system about the
environment, based in Pittsburgh.
     Telnet: envirolink.org
     Log on: gopher

     The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency maintains online
databases of materials related to hazardous waste, the Clean Lakes
program and cleanup efforts in New England.  The agency plans to
eventually include cleanup work in other regions, as well.  The
database is actually a computerized card catalog of EPA documents --
you can look the documents up, but you'll still have to visit your
regional EPA office to see them.
     Telnet: epaibm.rtpnc.epa.gov
     No password or user name is needed.  At the main menu, type
 
          public
 
and hit enter (there are other listed choices, but they are only for
use by EPA employees).  You'll then see a one-line menu.  Type
  
          ols
 
and hit enter, and you'll see something like this:
 
 NET-106 Logon to TSO04    in progress.
 
    DATABASES:
        N     NATIONAL CATALOG         CH    CHEMICAL COLL. SYSTEM
        H     HAZARDOUS WASTE          1     REGION I
        L     CLEAN LAKES
 
    OTHER OPTIONS:
        ?     HELP
        Q     QUIT
 
  ENTER SELECTION -->
 
     Choose one and you'll get a menu that lets you search by document
title, keyword, year of publication or corporation.  After you enter
the search word and hit enter, you'll be told how many matches were
found.  Hit 1 and then enter to see a list of the entries.  To view
the bibliographic record for a specific entry, hit V and enter and
then type the number of the record.
 
     The University of Michigan maintains a database of newspaper and
magazine articles related to the environment, with the emphasis on
Michigan, dating back to 1980.
     Telnet:  hermes.merit.edu
     Host:  mirlyn
     Log in: meem 
 
GEOGRAPHY
 
     The University of Michigan Geographic Name Server can provide
basic information, such as population, latitude and longitude of U.S.
cities and many mountains, rivers and other geographic features.
     Telnet: martini.eecs.umich.edu 3000
     No password or user name is needed. Type in the name of a city, a
Zip code or a geographic feature and hit enter.  The system doesn't like
names with abbreviations in them (for example, Mt. McKinley), so spell
them out (for example, Mount McKinley).
     By typing in a town's name or zip code, you can find out a
community's county, Zip code and longitude and latitude. Not all
geographic features are yet included in the database.
 
GOVERNMENT
 
     The National Technical Information Service runs a system that not
only provides huge numbers of federal documents of all sorts -- from
environmental factsheets to patent abstract -- but serves as a gateway to
dozens of other federal information systems.
     Telnet: fedworld.gov
     Log on as: new

     See also under Congress and Current Events.
 
HEALTH
 
      The U.S. Food and Drug Administration runs a database of health-
related information.
      Telnet:  fdabbs.fda.gov
      Log in:  bbs
 
      You'll then be asked for your name and a password you want to use
in the future.  After that, type
 
           topics
 
and hit enter.  You'll see this:
 
     TOPICS       DESCRIPTION
                                                                              
     *  NEWS         News releases
     *  ENFORCE      Enforcement Report
     *  APPROVALS    Drug and Device Product Approvals list
     *  CDRH         Centers for Devices and Radiological Health Bulletins
     *  BULLETIN     Text from Drug Bulletin                            
     *  AIDS         Current Information on AIDS
     *  CONSUMER     FDA Consumer magazine index and selected articles
     *  SUBJ-REG     FDA Federal Register Summaries by Subject      
     *  ANSWERS      Summaries of FDA information   
     *  INDEX        Index of News Releases and Answers
     *  DATE-REG     FDA Federal Register Summaries by Publication Date
     *  CONGRESS     Text of Testimony at FDA Congressional Hearings
     *  SPEECH       Speeches Given by FDA Commissioner and Deputy
     *  VETNEWS      Veterinary Medicine News
     *  MEETINGS     Upcoming FDA Meetings
     *  IMPORT       Import Alerts
     *  MANUAL       On-Line User's Manual
                                                                              
     You'll be able to search these topics by key word or
chronologically. It's probably a good idea, however, to capture a copy
of the manual, first, because the way searching works on the system is a
little odd.  To capture a copy, type
 
          manual
 
and hit enter.  Then type
 
         scan
 
and hit enter.  You'll see this:
 
     FOR LIST OF AVAILABLE TOPICS TYPE TOPICS
     OR ENTER THE TOPIC YOU DESIRE ==>
 
     MANUAL
     BBSUSER   
     08-OCT-91 
     1  BBS User Manual
                                                                              
At this point, turn on your own computer's screen-capture or logging
function and hit your 1 key and then enter.  The manual will begin to
scroll on your screen, pausing every 24 lines.
 
HIRING AND COLLEGE PROGRAM INFORMATION
 
     The Federal Information Exchange in Gaithersburg, MD, runs two
systems at the same address: FEDIX and MOLIS. FEDIX offers research,
scholarship and service information for several federal agencies,
including NASA, the Department of Energy and the Federal Aviation
Administration. Several more federal agencies provide minority hiring
and scholarship information. MOLIS provides information about minority
colleges, their programs and professors.
     Telnet: fedix.fie.com
     User name:  fedix (for the federal hiring database) or
                 molis (for the minority-college system)
     Both use easy menus to get you to information.
 
HISTORY
 
     Stanford University maintains a database of documents related to
Martin Luthor King.
     Telnet:  forsythetn.stanford.edu
     Account: socrates
 
     At the main menu, type
 
        select mlk
 
and hit enter.
 
SKI REPORTS
 
     See under weather.
 
SPACE
 
     NASA Spacelink in Huntsville, Ala.,  provides all sorts of
reports and data about NASA, its history and its various missions,
past and present.  You'll find detailed reports on every single probe,
satellite and mission NASA has ever launched along with daily updates
and lesson plans for teachers.
     The system maintains a large file library of GIF-format space
graphics, but  you can't download these through telnet. If you want
them, you have to dial the system directly, at (205) 895-0028.
     Telnet: spacelink.msfc.nasa.gov
     When you connect, you'll be given an overview of the system and
asked to register and choose a password.
 
     The NED-NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database lists data on more than
100,000 galaxies, quasars and other objects outside the Milky Way.
     Telnet:  ipac.caltech.edu.
     Log in:  ned
 
     You can learn more than you ever wanted to about quasars, novae and
related objects on a system run by the Smithsonian Astrophysical
Observatory in Cambridge, Mass.
     Telnet:  cfa204.harvard.edu
     Log in:  einline
 
     The physics department at the University of Massachusetts at
Amherst runs a bulletin-board system that provides extensive conferences
and document libraries related to space.
     Telnet: spacemet.phast.umass.edu
     Log on with your name and a password.
 
SUPREME COURT DECISIONS
 
     The University of Maryland Info Database maintains U.S. Supreme
Court decisions from 1991 on.
     Telnet:  info.umd.edu
     Choose a terminal type and hit enter (or just hit enter if you are
using VT100).  At the main menu, choose the number next to "Educational
Resources" and hit enter. One of your options will then be for "United
States."  Select that number and then, at the next menu, choose the one
next to "Supreme Court."
 
TELNET
 
     Hytelnet, at the University of Saskatchewan, is an online guide to
hundreds of telnet sites around the world.
     Telnet:  access.usask.ca
     Log in:  hytelnet
     
TIME
 
     To find out the exact time:
 
     Telnet: india.colorado.edu 13
 
     You'll see something like this:
 
  
                Escape character is '^]'.
                Sun Apr  5 14:11:41 1992
                Connection closed by foreign host.
 
     The middle line tells you the date and exact Mountain Standard
     Time, as determined by a federal atomic clock.
 
TRANSPORTATION

     The Subway Navigator in Paris can help you learn how long it will
take to get from point A to point B on subway systems around the world.
     Telnet: metro.jussieu.fr 10000
     No log-in is needed.
     When you connect, you'll be asked to choose a language in which to
search (you can choose English or French) and then a city to search. 
You'll be asked for the station you plan to leave from and the station
you want to get to.

WEATHER
 
     The University of Michigan's Department of Atmospheric, Oceanographic
and Space Sciences supplies weather forecasts for U.S. and foreign cities,
along with skiing and hurricane reports.
     Telnet: madlab.sprl.umich.edu 3000 (note the 3000).
     No log-in name is needed.
     Also see under Weather in the FTP list for information on downloading
satellite and radar weather images.