2016 Breeding Schedule:
Sally x Todd (Spring 2016) A video of the pups
- Pick male, Wolfgang is for sale VIDEO
English Springer Spaniel
Field Bred English Springer Spaniel -- Placeboard Training
"Rip" at 10 wks
Our breeding stock is tested for many of the current genetic and health checks that are available. These are on a case by case basis dependent on breed and parents. Our studs in most cases are tested to the fullest available level. Below is some information on some of the current tests available.
Orthopedic Foundation for Animals OFA
A hip xray is performed by our local vetrinarian. We use Plattsmouth Animal Hospital Dr. Nelson and Dr. Vanicek and formarly Dr Stuckey (ret) for this procedure. The xray is mailed to OFA. OFA provides the following explanation for scoring.
The phenotypic evaluation of hips done by the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals falls into seven different categories. Those categories are Normal (Excellent, Good, Fair), Borderline, and Dysplastic (Mild, Moderate, Severe). Once each of the radiologists classifies the hip into one of the 7 phenotypes above, the final hip grade is decided by a consensus of the 3 independent outside evaluations. Examples would be:
The hip grades of Excellent, Good and Fair are within normal limits and are given OFA numbers. This information is accepted by AKC on dogs with permanent identification (tattoo, microchip) and is in the public domain. Radiographs of Borderline, Mild, Moderate and Severely dysplastic hip grades are reviewed by the OFA radiologist and a radiographic report is generated documenting the abnormal radiographic findings. Unless the owner has chosen the open database, dysplastic hip grades are not in the public domain.
Excellent: this classification is assigned for superior conformation in comparison to other animals of the same age and breed. There is a deep seated ball (femoral head) which fits tightly into a well-formed socket (acetabulum) with minimal joint space. There is almost complete coverage of the socket over the ball.
Good: slightly less than superior but a well-formed congruent hip joint is visualized. The ball fits well into the socket and good coverage is present.
Fair: Assigned where minor irregularities in the hip joint exist. The hip joint is wider than a good hip phenotype. This is due to the ball slightly slipping out of the socket causing a minor degree of joint incongruency. There may also be slight inward deviation of the weight-bearing surface of the socket (dorsal acetabular rim) causing the socket to appear slightly shallow. This can be a normal finding in some breeds however, such as the Chinese Shar Pei, Chow Chow, and Poodle.
Borderline: there is no clear cut consensus between the radiologists to place the hip into a given category of normal or dysplastic. There is usually more incongruency present than what occurs in the minor amount found in a fair but there are no arthritic changes present that definitively diagnose the hip joint being dysplastic. There also may be a bony projection present on any of the areas of the hip anatomy illustrated above that can not accurately be assessed as being an abnormal arthritic change or as a normal anatomic variant for that individual dog. To increase the accuracy of a correct diagnosis, it is recommended to repeat the radiographs at a later date (usually 6 months). This allows the radiologist to compare the initial film with the most recent film over a given time period and assess for progressive arthritic changes that would be expected if the dog was truly dysplastic. Most dogs with this grade (over 50%) show no change in hip conformation over time and receive a normal hip rating; usually a fair hip phenotype.
Mild Hip Dysplasia: there is significant subluxation present where the ball is partially out of the socket causing an incongruent increased joint space. The socket is usually shallow only partially covering the ball. There are usually no arthritic changes present with this classification and if the dog is young (24 to 30 months of age), there is an option to resubmit an radiograph when the dog is older so it can be reevaluated a second time. Most dogs will remain dysplastic showing progression of the disease with early arthritic changes. Since HD is a chronic, progressive disease, the older the dog, the more accurate the diagnosis of HD (or lack of HD).
Moderate Hip Dysplasia: there is significant subluxation present where the ball is barely seated into a shallow socket causing joint incongruency. There are secondary arthritic bone changes usually along the femoral neck and head (termed remodeling), acetabular rim changes (termed osteophytes or bone spurs) and various degrees of trabecular bone pattern changes called sclerosis. Once arthritis is reported, there is only continued progression of arthritis over time.
Severe Hip Dysplasia: assigned where radiographic evidence of marked dysplasia exists. There is significant subluxation present where the ball is partly or completely out of a shallow socket. Like moderate HD, there are also large amounts of secondary arthritic bone changes along the femoral neck and head, acetabular rim changes and large amounts of abnormal bone pattern changes.
Canine Eye Registration Foundation CERF
We use Dr. Tonya R. Mcllnay at Veterinary Eye Specialists of Nebraska. for CERF for our dogs. An explanation of CERF provided by CERF is:
University of Pennsylvania Hip Exam Pennhip
A method for scoring hip laxity to use as a reference for breeders in avoiding dysplastic dogs. A description provided by Pennhip is as follows:
PennHIP is a not-for-profit veterinary health service at the University of Pennsylvania.
PennHIP is a multifaceted radiographic screening method for hip evaluation. The technique assesses the quality of the canine hip and quantitatively measures canine hip joint laxity. The PennHIP method of evaluation is more accurate than the current standard in its ability to predict the onset of osteoarthritis (OA). Osteoarthritis, also known as degenerative joint disease (DJD), is the hallmark of hip dysplasia (HD).
Centronuclear Myopathy CNM
CNM is a cell disease that Labradors can carry. There is a genetic test that can identify if a dog is clear, affected or carrier. We use the CNM foundation for genetic testing.
A description by CNM Foundation is:
CNM: At birth, affected puppies are indistinguishable from their control littermates but as from two weeks of age, a progressive significant weight loss is observed. At one month of age, the absence of tendon reflexes is noticed and used as an early and reliable diagnosis. The age of onset of the disabling phenotype varies between 2 to 5 months, with an awkward gait and a decreased exercise tolerance, associated with a generalized muscle weakness. The pup will never recover from this disabling disease.
Centronuclear Myopathy (CNM) is a grave disease that has been of concern in Labrador Retrievers globally since the 1970’s. The CNM DNA mutation was identified, and a DNA test developed for it by Drs. Laurent Tiret and Stephane Blot research teams, described in the Meet Us tab.
CNM is found in both field and conformation Labradors in the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom as well as Germany, France, Sweden, and many other countries globally. Research has confirmed that the disease is identical in all countries. See the Clinical and Genetics links for more information on the disease. CNM used to be called Hereditary Myopathy of the Labrador Retriever (HMLR), Autosomal Recessive Myopathy (ARMD), Type II deficiency Myopathy, Labrador Muscular Myopathy and other names.Dr. Laurent Tiret, Project Director and Principal Investigator, and the CNM research team, continue to be integrally involved not only in the test analyses, but also with the continual research related to the CNM disease. Their commitment to more deeply understanding the disease is of great benefit to the breed as well as ultimately to humans.This approach is significantly different from a laboratory that is simply routinely characteristically doing an analysis developed elsewhere.
Exercise Induced Collapse is a disease that can occur in labradors. There is a genetic test that identifies clear, affected or carriers. We use the Vet DNA center to verify they are clear of this disease.
Information provided by the vet dna center on EIC is as follows:
Episodes of exercise intolerance and collapse have been observed among Labrador Retrievers for many years, although the root cause was not always well understood. Dogs clinically affected by Exercise Induced Collapse (EIC) will often begin to exhibit leg weakness followed by a complete collapse after just 5 to 15 minutes of strenuous activity. The severity and duration of these spells can vary depending on the environment.
EIC is a big problem particularly with hunting and field trial dogs, where long periods of excitement and exercise are common. In extreme cases, dogs affected by EIC can die.