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Shaykh-Ul-Islam Dr Muhammad Tahir ul Qadri

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Shaykh-Ul-Islam Dr. Muhammad Tahir ul-Qadri (Urdu: محمد طاہر القادری) (born February 19, 1951, Jhang, Pakistan) is a Pakistani Sufi scholar and former professor of international constitutional law at the University of the Punjab


Shaykh-Ul-Islam Dr. Muhammad Tahir ul-Qadri is the founder of Minhaj-ul-Quran International, a broad-based global Sufi organization working in the fields of welfare, human rights and education. Its objectives are the promotion of a moderate and non-extremist vision of Islam, the establishment of good relations and understanding between communities and religions, and the education of youth through "employing the methods of Sufism". He is well known for his Fataaws in favor of Assassins of Muslims. He is also known as American agent in Pakistan. Due to his nonsense sayings he was condemned by many scholars of his own school of thought. He also founded The Minhaj University of which he is the head of the Board of Governors, as well as an international relief charity, Minhaj Welfare Foundation.[8]

Shaykh-Ul-Islam Dr. Muhammad Tahir ul-Qadri is also the founding chairman of the political party Pakistan Awami Tehreek (PAT), although he is no longer involved in politics. Qadri spoke at the World Economic Forum in January 2011.











Biography

Shaykh-Ul-Islam Dr. Muhammad Tahir ul-Qadri is the son of Farid-ud-Din Qadri and his ancestors belong to the Sial family of Jhang near Sargodha.Shaykh-Ul-Islam Dr. Muhammad Tahir ul-Qadri started his education at the Christian 'Sacred Heart School' in Jhang, a Catholic mission school, where he learnt English and was exposed to Christianity at an early age. He was specifically taught Islamic education from the age of 12 in Al-Madina al-Munawwara, Saudi Arabia at the Madrasa al-‘Ulum al-Shar‘iyya, which was situated in the house of Abu Ayyub al-Ansari, the first residence of the Islamic Prophet MUHAMMAD (PEACE AND BLESSINGS BE UPON HIM AND HIS FAMILY) after his migration to Madinah. He learnt under Mawlana Ziya' al-Din al-Madani (d. 1981, aged 107) and studied Hadith from Muhaddith al-Hijaz al-Sayyid ‘Alawi ibn ‘Abbas al-Maliki al-Makki (d. 1971). Al-Shaykh al-Sayyid ‘Alawis son, the late muhaddith of al-Hijaz, al-Sayyid Muhammad ibn ‘Alawi al-Maliki al-Makki (d. 2004) who was the foremost Sunni authority of the Middle East gave all of his fathers ijazas and isnads to Shaykh-Ul-Islam Dr. Muhammad Tahir ul-Qadri in written form which he had previously received verbally, as well as his own chains Shaykh-Ul-Islam Dr. Muhammad Tahir ul-Qadri continued his quest for knowledge early in his life, making sama of Hadith from the then Muhaddith al-A‘zam of Pakistan, Sardar Ahmad al-Qadri (d. 1962)


Shaykh-Ul-Islam Dr. Muhammad Tahir ul-Qadrihas also learnt from a number of other prominent classical authorities in the Islamic sciences such as the following scholars:

  • Abu al-Barakat Ahmad al-Qadri al-Alwari (d. 1978). One of the Hadith narrators of the Sub-Continent, he is the son of Didar ‘Ali al-Shah al-Alwari (student of Ahmad ‘Ali al-Muhaddith al-Saharanpuri) and was a student of Ahmed Raza Khan. Shaykh-Ul-Islam Dr. Muhammad Tahir ul-Qadri studied under him for four years and was gifted all of the Shaykhs ijazas in Hadith and Fiqh in 1972.
  • ‘Abd al-Rashid al-Ridwi (d. 2011). Qadri completed the classical Dars-e-Nizami course with him from 1963 to 1970 at Jami‘a Qutbiyya Ridwiyya, Jhang.Lessons were conducted from the predawn Tahajjud prayers at three o’clock in the early morning to eleven o’clock at night with pauses between noon and afternoon. No other student was taught while he was engaged in coaching Shaykh-Ul-Islam Dr. Muhammad Tahir ul-Qadri. In 2007, he attended the birthday gathering of Shaykh-Ul-Islam Dr. Muhammad Tahir ul-Qadri and whilst praising his talents and achievements, said:
Today we are lucky to be present here in connection with the birthday of a true lover of the Holy Prophet. I started teaching Shaykh-ul-Islam when he was very young but I never saw him missing his (predawn) Tahajjud and other optional(prayers)... Let alone speaking of neglecting a lesson or going absence, he never even imagined such a thing. As a student he was deeply loyal to me. The world has rewarded him by bestowing upon him the title of Shaykh-ul-Islam. Dr Sahib was a person of great humility and this quality exists in him even today and has not lessened even a little. All of this is divine grace and favour upon him. I pray to Allah for his long life and success in the Mustafawi mission.

—'Abd al-Rashid al-Ridwi,

  • Tahir Allauddin al-Qadri al-Gilani (d. 1991). A well-known Sufi-saint became Shaykh-Ul-Islam Dr. Muhammad Tahir ul-Qadri spiritual guide in the Qadiriyya Tariqa in 1966. He also bestowed him with all of his ijazas in Hadith.Hazrat Tahir Allauddin opened The Minhaj University[19] saying that anyone opposing the Minhaj-ul-Quran institute would have no relationship with the Qadiriyya movement and their deeds would not benefit Islam.
Ahmad al-Zubaydi (whose father’s standing was such that he was known as Abu Hanifa al-Saghir) of Syria who is allegedly from the family of Imam al-A‘zam Abu Hanifa reports that he personally heard Tahir Allauddin al-Gilani referring to Tahir Qadri as “Mujaddid (Reviver of Islam)”.
  • ‘Abd al-Ma‘bud al-Jilani (d. 1985) who had himself taken knowledge and training directly from many scholars and saints such as Imdadullah Muhajir Makki, Ahmad Rida Khan , Qutb al-‘Arifin ‘Ali bin Sulayman ibn Mustafa’ al-Naqib al-Baghdadi, his father ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Mahd al-Naqib al-Baghdadi, al-‘Arif Billah al-Shah Muhammad Sulayman Tonswi (successor of Qutb al-‘Arifin al-Shaykh Nur Muhammad al-Muharwi) and Fazl-e-Haq Khairabadi.
  • Farid al-Din Qadri (d.1974), the father of Shaykh-Ul-Islam Dr. Muhammad Tahir ul-Qadri was also a scholar who had acquired knowledge from the centres of learning at al-Hijaz, Lucknow, Delhi, Hyderabad (India), Baghdad, Damascus among other places. He gained knowledge from many of the leading scholars of his time such as al-Haram al-Makka ‘Alawi ibn ‘Abbas al-Maliki, Muhammad ‘Abd al-Shakur al-Muhajir al-Madani (student of Ahmad ‘Ali al-Muhaddith al-Saharanpuri and once teacher at Dar al-‘Ulum Deoband before leaving it for al-Madina al-Munawwara), ‘Abd al-Hadi al-Ansari al-Laknawi, ‘Abd al-Baqi ibn ‘Ali Muhammad al-Ansari al-Muhaddith al-Laknawi (student of al-Imam Abu al-Hasanat ‘Abd al-Hayy ibn ‘Abd al-Halim al-Muhaddith al-Ansari al-Laknawi and many other great scholars), Muhammad al-Makki ibn Ja‘far al-Kattani and Muhammad Sardar Ahmad al-Qadri al-Chishti. He taught Qadri everyday from 1962 to 1970 and periodically from 1970 till 1974. This included the principles of Hadith, Fiqh, Tafsir, ‘Aqida, Tasawwuf, Nahw, Balagha, Logic, Philosophy and Arabic literature as well as many other traditional classical sciences. He awarded Qadri with the Dawra al-Hadith certification in 1970.
  • Ahmad Saeed Kazmi (d. 1986). A famous authority of Pakistan who was known as the "Ghazali of his Time" was a close friend of Shaykh-Ul-Islam Dr. Muhammad Tahir ul-Qadri's father, Farid al-Din al-Qadri. Qadri studied under him at Jami‘a Islamiyya, Bahawalpur as well as in his own institution Anwar al-‘Ulum in Multan. These studies included Hadith, ‘Aqida, ‘Ilm al-Kalam and other classical sciences. Upon completion of his studies, a special certification, Sanad-e-Hadith was awarded in 1979.
  • Husayn ibn Ahmad ‘Usayran (d. 2005). He was the last living student of the famous Lebanese authority, Yusuf ibn Isma‘il al-Nabhani and gave Shaykh-Ul-Islam Dr. Muhammad Tahir ul-Qadri all of his ijazas in 2004, a year before he passed away. He had gained knowledge from some of the topmost authorities in Hadith and Fiqh from the Middle East and North Africa.
  • Muhammad Fatih al-Kattani, the Muhaddith al-A‘zam of Syria from whom Shaykh-Ul-Islam Dr. Muhammad Tahir ul-Qadri learnt in Damascus and gained all his ijazas.
  • Burhan Ahmad al-Faruqi (d. 1996) who was a famous student of Zafar al-Hasan ‘Uthmani and student and khalifa (spiritual successor) of Muhammad Sulayman Ashraf ‘Aligarhi who in turn was a khalifa of Ahmad Rida Khan. Under him,Shaykh-Ul-Islam Dr. Muhammad Tahir ul-Qadri learnt the philosophical reflections of Muhammad Iqbal under his guidance and also received all of his ijazas.




Shaykh-Ul-Islam Dr. Muhammad Tahir ul-Qadri studied law at the University of the Punjab, Lahore where he graduated with an LLB in 1974, gaining a Gold Medal for his academic performancesFollowing a period of legal practice as an advocate, he taught law at the University of the Punjab from 1978 to 1983 and then gained his PhD in Islamic Law (Punishments in Islam, their Classification and Philosophy) from the same university in 1986 where his supervisors were Bashir Ahmad Siddiqui (‘Ulum al-Islamiyya) and Justice Javaid Iqbal. He was appointed as a professor of Law at the University of Punjab, where he taught British, US and Islamic constitutional law.

Qadri was appointed as a Jurist Consultant (legal adviser) on Islamic law for the Supreme Court and the Federal Shariat Court of Pakistan and also worked as a specialist adviser on Islamic curricula for the Federal Ministry of Education (Pakistan). At various times between 1983 and 1987, he received and declined offers for various high-level posts.

He has delivered more than 6,000 lectures on economy and political studies, religious philosophy, law, Sufism, medical sciences, material sciences and astronomy. Numerous lectures are available in Urdu, English and Arabic at Islamic bookshops around the world

Shaykh-Ul-Islam Dr. Muhammad Tahir ul-Qadri is the founding leader of Minhaj-ul-Qur’an International (MQI), an organization with branches and centres in more than 90 counrties around the globe, working for the promotion of peace and harmony between communities and the revival of spiritual endeavour based on the true teachings of Islam. Shaykh-ul-Islam is a scholar of extraordinary proportions and an intellectual leader for all seasons. He is a living model of profound classical knowledge, intellectual enlightenment, practical wisdom, pure spirituality, love, harmony and humanism. He is well known for his ardent endeavour to strengthen bonds among people, by bringing them together through tolerance, dialogue, integration and education. He successfully bridges the past with his image of the future and finds convincing solutions for contemporary problems. He has been teaching Hadith, Tafsir, Fiqh, Theology, Sufism, Seerah, Islamic philosophy and many other rational and traditional sciences to thousands of people, including Ulema, scholars, Shuyukh, students, intellectuals and academics in the east and the west.

  Shaykh-ul-Islam was born on February 19, 1951 in the historical city of Jhang, Pakistan, and is the son of the great spiritualist and intellectual of his time ash-Shaykh Dr Farida’d-Din al-Qadri. He was educated from the young age in both the Islamic and secular sciences simultaneously. Although he had already started his religious education under his father two years earlier, his formal classical education was initiated in Madina at the age of 12, in Madrasa al-‘Ulum ash-Shar‘iyya, which was situated in the blessed house of Sayyiduna Abu Ayyub al-Ansari, the first residence of the Holy Prophet (blessings and peace be upon him) after his migration. By the time he had received a First Class Honours Degree from the University of the Punjab in 1970, he had also completed his Classical Islamic Studies, having spent over ten years under the tutelage of his father and other eminent Shuyukh of his time and achieving an unparalleled understanding of the classical shari‘a sciences and Arabic language. He earned his MA in Islamic Studies in 1972 with the University of the Punjab Gold Medal, achieved his LLB in 1974 and began to practise as a lawyer in the district courts of Jhang. He moved to Lahore in 1978 and joined the University of the Punjab as a lecturer in law and then gained his PhD in Islamic Law. He was also a member of the Syndicate, Senate and Academic Council of the University of the Punjab, which are the highest executive, administrative and academic bodies of the University.

In a short span of time, he emerged as the country’s leading Islamic jurist and scholar and revivalist of the Islamic ideology. He was appointed as a Jurist Consult (legal adviser) on Islamic law for the Supreme Court and the Federal Shari‘a Court of Pakistan and also worked as a specialist adviser on Islamic curricula for the Federal Ministry of Education of Pakistan at various times between 1983 and 1987. In the 1980s, a number of historical judgments in the legal and constitutional history of Pakistan were passed by the Federal Shariʻa Court and the Appellate Shariʻa Bench, Supreme Court of Pakistan as a result of Shaykh-ul-Islam’s juristic arguments, documented in the Pakistan Legal Decisions (PLDs) and Pakistan Legal Judgments (PLJs).

He is also a former Professor of Islamic Law at the University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan, and the youngest person ever to have been awarded a professorship in the history of the University. Shaykh-ul-Islam has also previously held the position of the Head of the Department for LLM in Islamic Legislation.

Shaykh-ul-Islam founded Minhaj-ul-Qur’an in 1981 and established its headquarters in Lahore. In less than 30 years, Minhaj-ul-Qur’an has expanded and spread over more than 90 countries around the world; and in terms of its comprehensive and all-encompassing sphere of activities, educational, social, cultural and spiritual, Minhaj-ul-Qur’an is probably one of the largest non-governmental organizations in the world.

Shaykh-ul-Islam is founder and Chairman of the Board of Governors of the Minhaj University Lahore which is chartered by Government and is imparting higher education to thousands of students in the faculties of basic, modern, social, management and religious sciences. He is the founder of Minhaj Education Society which has established more than 570 schools and colleges in Pakistan. He is also the founding Chairman of Minhaj Welfare Foundation, a humanitarian and social welfare organization working globally. He is the founding leader of different forums of Minhaj-ul-Qur’an including Minhaj-ul-Qur’an Ullama Council, Minhaj-ul-Qur’an Women League, Minhaj Youth League, Mustafavi Students Movements and Muslim Christian Dialogue Forum. 





Website : www.minhaj.org