Cognates & Scientific Terms

Academic language is the language needed by students to understand and communicate in the academic disciplines. Academic language includes such things as specialized vocabulary, conventional text structures within a field (e.g., essays, lab reports) and other language-related activities typical of classrooms, (e.g., expressing disagreement, discussing an issue, asking for clarification). Academic language includes both productive and receptive modalities.

Receptive modalities: Ways that students receive communications from others, e.g., listening, reading, viewing. Assessment of receptive modalities focuses on student communication of their understanding of the meaning of communications from others. Because this is done through a productive modality, assessment of students’ skills and abilities with respect to receptive modalities is not as straightforward as that of productive modalities. Examples of students’ demonstration of receptive abilities with respect to curriculum content are using tonal qualities of voice to help convey meaning from a passage read aloud, restating a classmate’s comment, describing how the key and tempo of a piece of music set a mood.

Productive modalities: Ways that students communicate to others, e.g., speaking, writing, drawing. Assessment of productive modalities focuses on student communication of their own understanding or interpretation. Examples of students’ demonstration of productive abilities with respect to understanding curriculum content are writing an analysis, drawing and labeling a scale model, sculpting a figure from clay.

Cognates - "When you're learning a new language, a cognate is an easy word to remember because it looks and means the same thing as a word you already know. For example, gratitude in English means the same as gratitud in Spanish.
Just as words that are cognates have a shared origin — like gratitude and gratitud both coming from the Latin word gratitudo, meaning "thankfulness" — people can be cognates based on their shared blood. For example, you and your sister are cognates of your parents. You probably even look alike, just like word cognates. The adjective form of cognate can describe blood relations or anyone whose ancestors spoke the same language."(1)
 


Cognates - Translate Copy



From section 2.3, the Sourcebook for Teaching Science 

Cognates: Spanish>>>English - Spanish is one of the most influential languages in the world, particularly in the Western Hemisphere where it is the dominant language in Central and South America.  Spanish is also prevalent in the United States where it is the first language of many immigrants.  Spanish is a Latin-based language and shares much in common with other Romance Languages, such as Italian, French and Portuguese.  It also shares much in common with English, particularly in the realm of science where many words in both languages are based on Latin roots. As a result, an English-speaking scientist with no formal training in Spanish can recognize many scientific words in Spanish, and a Spanish-speaking scientist, with no formal training in English, can recognize many scientific words in English.  Words that have similar linguistic roots are known as cognates.  A list of a few English/Spanish science cognates appears in table 2.2.Try to determine the English equivalent of each Spanish science term without referring to a Spanish/English dictionary.

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