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Senior Researcher 
General Motors US Research Lab, Silicon Valley Office
Address: 422 Portage Ave, Palo Alto, CA, 94306
Email: lei dot rao at gm dot com
Phone: 1-650-273-6196

RESEARCH INTERESTS

Power-Aware and Green Computing

Autonomous Driving and Wireless Communications

System Architecture Design Automation

Cyber-Physical Systems

Cloud Computing


EDUCATION & WORK EXPERIENCES

Senior Researcher (2013-present)             GM Research and Development, GM Corp.

Researcher (2011-2012)                             GM Research and Development, GM Corp.

Research Fellow (2011)                              McGill University

Research Intern (2010)                               IBM China Research Lab

Ph.D. (2010)                                                Huazhong University of Science and Technology & McGill University

B.S. (2006)                                                  Huazhong University of Science and Technology

PUBLICATIONS

Fully-Refereed Journal Publications

1.    Y. Yao, L. Rao (corresponding author), X. Liu, “Performance and Reliability Analysis of IEEE 802.11p SafetyCommunication in a Highway Environment”, in IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, Volume: 62, Issue: 9, 1-15, 2013.

2.    H. Shao, L. Rao, Z. Wang, X. Liu, Z. Wang, K. Ren, “Optimal Load Balancing and EnergyCost Management for Internet Data Centers in Deregulated Electricity Markets”, in IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems, (Accepted, to appear), 2013.

3.    J. Luo, L. Rao, X. Liu, “Temporal LoadBalancing with Service Delay Guarantees for Data Center Energy CostOptimization”, in IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems, (Accepted, to appear), 2013.

4.    Y. Gao, J. Bu, W. Dong, C. Chen, L. Rao, X. Liu, “Exploiting Concurrency for Efficient Dissemination in Wireless SensorNetworks”, in IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems, (Accepted, to appear), 2012.

5.    P. Wang, L. Rao, X. Liu, Y. Qi, “D-Pro:Dynamic Data Center Operations with Demand-Responsive Electricity Prices inSmart Grid”, in IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid (TSG), (Accepted, to appear), 2012.

6.    L. Rao, X. Liu, L. Xie, W. Liu, “Coordinated Energy Cost Management ofInternet Data Center in Smart Grid”, in IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid (TSG), Volume: 3, Issue: 1, 50-58, 2012.

7.    L. Rao, X. Liu, M. Ilic, J.Liu, “Distributed Coordination of Internet DataCenters under Multi Regional Electricity Markets”, in Proceedings of the IEEE, Issue: 99: 1-14, 2011. (Impact Factor Published in 2011: 5.096)

8.    L. Rao, X. Liu, L. Xie, Z. Pang, “HedgingAgainst Uncertainty: A Tale of Internet Data Center Operations under Smart GridEnvironment”, in IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid (TSG), Volume: 2, Issue: 3, 555-563, 2011.

9.    L. RaoX. LiuZ. GuW. Liu, “HRS: A Hierarchical Routing and Scheduling Scheme for Distributed Real-Timeand Embedded Systems”, in International Journal of Ad Hoc & Sensor Wireless Networks 11(3-4): 265-284, 2011.

Fully-Refereed Conference Publications

10.    Y. Hua, L. Rao, X. Liu, D. Feng, “Cooperative and Efficient Real-time Scheduling for Automotive Communications”, in Proceedings of the 34th International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems 2014 (ICDCS 2014), Madrid, Spain, June 30-July 3, 2014.

11.    C. Lin, L. Rao, P. Giusto, J. D'Ambrosio, A. Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, “An Efficient Wire Routing and Wire Sizing Algorithm for Weight Minimization of Automotive Systems”, 51st Design Automation Conference (DAC), San Francisco, CA, June 1-5, 2014.

12.    C. Lin, L. Rao, J. D'Ambrosio, “Electrical Architecture Optimization and Selection – Cost Minimization via Wire Routing and Wire Sizing”, In Society of Automotive Engineers World Congress (SAE), Detroit, Michigan, USA, April 8-10, 2014. 

13.    P. Wang, Y. Qi, D. Hui, L. Rao, X. Liu, “Present or Future: Optimal Pricing for Spot Instances”, in Proceedings of the 33rd International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems 2013 (ICDCS 2013), Philadelphia, USA.

14.     J. Luo, L. Rao, X. Liu, “Data Center Energy Cost Minimization: a Spatio-TemporalScheduling Approach”, in Proceedings of the 32nd IEEE Conference on Computer Communications 2013 (INFOCOM'2013) (Mini Conference), Turin, Italy (Acceptance rate =25%)

15.     Y. Yao, L. Rao, X. Liu, X. Zhou, "Delay Analysis and Study of IEEE 802.11p basedDSRC Safety Communication in a Highway Environment", in Proceedings of the 32nd IEEE Conference on Computer Communications 2013 (INFOCOM'2013), Turin, Italy (Acceptance rate =17%, 280 out of 1613)

16.     J. Luo, L. Rao, X. Liu, “eco-IDC: Trade Delay for Energy Cost with Service DelayGuarantee for Internet Data Centers”, in IEEE International Conference on Cluster Computing (Cluster 2012), Beijing, China, 2012

17.     N. Zhu, L. Rao, (co-first-author) X. Liu, J. Liu, “Handling More Data With Less Cost: Taming Power Peaks in MapReduce Clusters”, in ACM Asia-Pacific Workshop on Systems (APSys 2012), Seoul, Korea, 2012.

18.     L. Rao, Q. Wang, X. Liu, Y. Wang, “Analysis of TDMA Crossbar Real-Time Switch Design for AFDX Networks”, in Proceedings of the 31th Annual IEEE Conference on Computer Communications (INFOCOM 2012 Full Paper), Orlando, USA, March 2012. (Acceptance Rate = 18%)

19.     P. Wang, L. Rao, X. Liu, Y. Qi, “Dynamic Power Management of Distributed Internet DataCenters in Smart Grid Environment”, in Proceedings of the IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM 2011), Houston, Texas, 2011.

20.     N. Zhu, L. Rao, (co-first-author) X. Liu, J. Liu, H. Guan, “Taming Power Peaks for Hadoop Clusters”, in ACM Special Interest Group on Data Communication (SIGCOMM 2011 Poster), Toronto, Canada, 2011.

21.     Y. Gao, J. Bu, W. Dong, C. Chen, L. Rao, X. Liu, “Exploiting Concurrencyfor Efficient Dissemination in Wireless Sensor Networks”, in Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Distributed Computing in Sensor Systems (DCOSS 2011), Barcelona, Spain, 2011.

22.     L. Rao, X. Liu, K. Kang, W. Liu, L. Liu, Y. Chen, “Optimal Joint Multi-path Routing and Sampling RateAssignment for Real-Time Wireless Sensor Networks”, in Proceedings of the 2011 IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC 2011), Kyoto, Japan, June, 2011.

23.     L. Rao, X. Liu, M. Ilic, J. Liu, “MEC-IDC: Joint Load Balancing and Power Control for Distributed InternetData Centers”, in Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE First International Conference on Cyber-Physical Systems (ICCPS2010), Stockholm, Sweden, April 2010.

24.     L. Rao, X. Liu, L. Xie, W. Liu, “Minimizing Electricity Cost: Optimization of Distributed Internet Data Centersin a Multi-Electricity-Market Environment”, in Proceedings of the 29th Annual IEEE Conference on Computer Communications (INFOCOM 2010 Full Paper), San Diego, USA, March 2010. (Acceptance Rate = 17.5%)

25.     L. Rao, X. Liu, J. Chen, W. Liu, “Joint Optimization of System Lifetime and Network Performance forReal-Time Wireless Sensor Networks”, in Proceedings of the Sixth International ICST Conference on Heterogeneous Networking for Quality, Reliability, Security and Robustness (QShine 2009), Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain, 2009.

Thesis

26.     PhD Thesis, “Energy Management for Cyber-Physical Systems”, September, 2010.

PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITIES

Served on Conference and Workshop Organization Committees

   ACM SenSys 2012 (Sponsorship Chair)

   FeBID 2011 (Web Chair)

Served as Technical Program Committee Members

  IEEE INFOCOM 2015, 2014, 2013

 ACM/IEEE ICCPS 2013

  IEEE RTCSA 2013, 2012

   APRES 2013, 2012

   IEEE DCOSS 2012

   ACM D-CLOUD 2011

   ACM RACS 2012, 2011

   MobiQuitous 2011

Served as Reviewers for Journals

  Elsevier Computer Communications

  Elsevier Ad Hoc Networks

  International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks

  IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications: Smart Grid Communications Series

  IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems

  IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing

  IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology

Served as Reviewers for Conferences

  DATE (2013, 2012)

  IEEE SECON (2012)

  SAE (2012)

  IEEE INFOCOM (2013, 2012)

  WASA (2012)

  ACM RACS (2011)

  MobiQuitous (2011)

  IEEE GLOBECOM (2011)

  IEEE IGCC (2011)

  IEEE MASS (2010,2009)

  IEEE ICWS (2010)

  ACM/IEEE IWQoS (2010,2009)

  IEEE RTSS (2012, 2011, 2010, 2009)

  IEEE ICDCS (2013, 2012,2011,2010,2009,2008)

 IEEE ICEBE (2010,2009)