The Dispute Board (DB - Dispute Review Board, Dispute Resolution Board, Dispute Adjudication Board) is a panel of one, three or more experienced, respected, and impartial specialists who prevents and solve the disputes in the frame and during the construction contract implementation. The Board is organized before construction itself begins and visits the site periodically. The Board is formed by the Employer and by the Contractor, each of them selecting a member for approval by the other party, with the two and the parties thus chosen selecting the president of the Dispute Board.


DB members are provided with the contract documents, become familiar with the project procedures and the participants, and are kept abreast of job progress and developments. The DB meets with Employer and Contractor representatives during regular site visits and encourages the resolution of problems at the job level. The DB process helps the parties head off problems before they escalate into major disputes.


When a dispute flowing from the contract or the work cannot be resolved by the parties, it can be referred to the DB. The Board reccomendation/decision process includes, in complex cases, a hearing at which each party explains its position and have the opportunity to answer questions. In arriving at a recommendation (in case of Dispute Review/Resolution Boards) or decision (in case of Dispute Adjudication Boards), the DB considers the relevant contract documents, correspondence, other documentation, facts and the particular circumstances of the dispute, submitted by the parties.


The Board’s output consists of a written, non–binding reasoned recommendation (in case of DRBs) or binding reasoned decision (in case of DABs) for resolution of the dispute. Acceptance by the parties is facilitated by their confidence in the DB-in its members technical expertise, first-hand understanding of the project conditions, and practical judgment, as well as by the parties opportunity to be heard.


Comisiile de Dispute (CD - Comisiile de Analiza a Disputelor, Comisii de Solutionare a Disputelor, Comisii de Adjudecare a Disputelor) este o comisie formata din unul, trei sau mai multi specialisti experimentati, respectati si impartiali, care previn si solutioneaza disputele in cadrul si in timpul implementarii contractelor de constructii. Comisia este instituita inaintea inceperii constructiei propriu-zise si face periodic vizite pe santier. Comisia este formata de catre Beneficiar si Antreprenor, fiecare selectand cate un membru, supus spre aprobare celeilalte parti, iar cei doi membri, impreuna cu partile, il aleg, apoi, pe presedintele Comisiei de Dispute.


Membrilor Comisiilor de Dispute li se pun la dispozitie documentele contractuale, se familiarizeaza cu procedurile contractuale si cu participantii, si sunt tinuti la curent cu progresul lucrarilor. Comisia de Dispute se intalneste cu reprezentantii Beneficiarului si ai Antreprenorului in vizite periodice si incurajeaza solutionarea problemelor de catre parti. Comisiile de Dispute ajuta partile sa rezolve problemele inainte sa fie escaladate si sa se transforme in dispute mari.


Cand apare, totusi, o disputa in contract, care nu poat fi rezolvata de catre parti, disputa poate fi inaintata Comisiei de Dispute. Procesul de emitere a recomandarii/deciziei de catre Comisie include, in cazuri complexe, o audiere, in timpul careia partile isi explica pozitia si au ocazia sa raspunda la intrebari. Pentru a emite o recomandare (in cazul Comisiilor de Analiza/Solutionare a Disputelor) sau o decizie (in cazul Comisiilor de Adjudecare a Disputelor), Comisiile de Dispute iau in considerare documente contractuale, corespondenta, alte documente, fapte si circumstante ale disputelor, prezentate de catre parti.


Comisiile de Dispute emit recomandari scrise argumentate neobligatorii (in cazul Comisiilor de Analiza/Solutionare a Disputelor) sau decizii scrise argumentate obligatoriu a fi puse in practica (in cazul Comisiilorde Adjudecare a Disputelor). Acceptarea recomandarii/deciziei de catre parti este facilitata atat de increderea pe care o au ipartile n membrii Comisiilor de Dispute - in experienta lor tehnica, in intelegerea realitatilor proiectului si in analiza realista, cat si de ocazia pe care o au de a fi ascultate.