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Elizabeth Bishop

North & South
The Map
The Imaginary Iceberg
The Colder the Air
Wading at Wellfleet
Chemin de Fer
The Gentleman of Shalott
Large Bad Picture
From the Country to the City
The Man-Moth
Love Lies Sleeping
A Miracle for Breakfast
The Weed
The Unbeliever
The Monument
Paris, 7 a.m.
Quai d'Orleans
Sleeping on the Ceiling
Sleeping Standing Up
Cirque d'Hiver
Jerónimo's House
Little Exercise
The Fish
Late Air
Songs for a Colored Singer

A Cold Spring
A Cold Spring
Over 2000 Illustrations and a Complete Concordance
The Bight
A Summer's Dream
Cape Breton
At the Fishhouses
View of The Capitol from The Library of Congress
The Prodigal
Faustina, or Rock Roses
Varick Street
Four Poems
Letter to N.Y.
The Mountain
Invitation to Miss Marianne Moore
Arrival at Santos
The Shampoo

Questions of Travel

I. Brazil

Arrival at Santos

Brazil, January 1, 1502

Questions of Travel

Squatter's Children


Electrical Storm

Song for the Rainy Season

The Armadillo

The Riverman

Twelfth Morning; or What You Will

The Burglar of Babylon

II. Elsewhere

In the Village



First Death in Nova Scotia

Filling Station

Sunday, 4 a.m.


Visits to St. Elizabeths

from The Complete Poems

Rainy Season; Sub-Tropics
The Hanging of the Mouse
Some Dreams They Forgot
House Guest
Going to the Bakery
Under the Window: Ouro Preto

Geography III
In the Waiting Room
Crusoe in England
Night City
The Moose
12 O'Clock News
One Art
The End of March
Objects & Apparitions
Five Flights Up

Late Poems
North Haven
Pink Dog

Uncollected Poems
The Ballad of the Subway Train
Behind Stowe
To a Tree
Imber Nocturnus
For C.W.B.
The Wave
A Word with You
The Flood
Hymn to the Virgin
Three Sonnets for the Eyes
Three Valentines
The Reprimand
The Wit
Exchanging Hats
A Norther—Key West
Thank-You Note

Unpublished Poems and Drafts

  • Translations
  • Aristophanes
    • from The Birds
  • Max Jacob
    • Rainbow
    • Patience of an Angel
    • Banks
    • Hell Is Graduated
  • Manuel Bandeira
    • My Last Poem
    • Brazilian Tragedy
  • João Cabral de Melo Neto
    • from The Death and Life of a Severino
  • Joaquim Cardozo
    • Cemetery of Childhood
    • Elegy for Maria Alves
  • Carlos Drummond de Andrade
    • Seven-Sided Poem
    • Don't Kill Yourself
    • Travelling in the Family
    • The Table
    • Infancy
    • In the Middle of the Road
    • Family Portrait
  • Vinícius de Moraes
    • Sonnet of Intimacy
  • Four Sambas
    • "Rio de Janeiro"
    • "Kick him out of office!"
    • "Marshál, Illustrious Marshál,"
    • "Come, my mulatta"
  • Chico Buarque de Hollanda
    • A Banda
  • Stories by Clarice Lispector
    • The Smallest Woman in the World
    • A Hen
    • Marmosets
  • Octavio Paz
    • The Key of Water
    • Along Galeana Street
    • The Grove
    • January First

Personal Essays, Reminiscences, and Reporting
On Being Alone
A Mouse and Mice
Gregorio Valdes, 1879–1939
Mercedes Hospital
Introduction to 
The Diary of "Helena Morley"
A New Capital, Aldous Huxley, and Some Indians
Primer Class
The Country Mouse
A Warm and Reasonable People
On the Railroad Named Delight
The U.S.A. School of Writing
A Trip to Vigia
Wesley Wehr
Efforts of Affection: A Memoir of Marianne Moore
To the Botequim & Back

A Flight of Fancy
The Thumb
Then Came the Poor
Chimney Sweepers
Seven-Days Monologue
Mr. Pope's Garden
The Last Animal
Was It in His Hand?
The Baptism
The Sea and Its Shore
In Prison
The Farmer's Children
The Housekeeper
Memories of Uncle Neddy

  • Literary Statements and Reviews
  • In Appreciation of Shelley's Poems
  • The Buck in the Snow by Edna St. Vincent Millay
  • Time's Andromedas
  • Gerard Manley Hopkins: Notes on Timing in His Poetry
  • Journey to the End of Night by Louis-Ferdinand Céline
  • Dimensions for a Novel
  • As We Like It: Miss Moore and the Delight of Imitation
  • It All Depends
  • Annie Allen by Gwendolyn Brooks
  • XAIPE by E. E. Cummings
  • Love from Emily: Emily Dickinson's Letters
  • What the Young Man Said to the Psalmist: Wallace Fowlie
  • The Manipulation of Mirrors: Jules Laforgue
  • "I Was But Just Awake": Walter de la Mare
  • "Writing poetry is an unnatural act . . ."
  • Blurb for Life Studies by Robert Lowell
  • A Sentimental Tribute: Marianne Moore
  • Some Notes on Robert Lowell
  • On "The Man-Moth"
  • Flannery O'Connor: 1925-1964
  • An Inadequate Tribute: Randall Jarrell
  • Introduction to The Burglar of Babylon
  • Preface to Woodlawn North by Milton Kessler
  • Introduction to An Anthology of Twentieth-Century Brazilian Poetry
  • A Brief Reminiscence and a Brief Tribute: Marianne Moore, W. H. Auden
  • Laureate's Words of Acceptance
  • Foreword to Elizabeth Bishop: A Bibliography
  • Statement for the English Memorial Service for Robert Lowell
  • Four Blurbs
    • May Swenson's A Cage of Spines
    • May Swenson's To Mix with Time
    • Frank Bidart's Golden State
    • Sandra McPherson's Radiation
Elizabeth Bishop (8 February 1911 – 6 October 1979) was an American poet. She was the Poet Laureate of the United Statesfrom 1949 to 1950, a Pulitzer Prize winner in 1956 and a National Book Award Winner for Poetry in 1970. Elizabeth Bishop House is an artist's retreat in Great Village, Nova Scotiadedicated to her memory. She is considered one of the most important and distinguished American poets of the 20th century. [1] Elizabeth Bishop was born in Worcester, Massachusetts. After her father, a successful builder, died when she was eight months old, Bishop’s mother became mentally ill and was institutionalized in 1916. Bishop would later write about the time of her mother's struggles in her short story "In The Village." Effectively orphaned during her very early childhood, she lived with her grandparents on a farm inNova Scotia, a period she would later reference in her writing. Bishop's mother remained in an asylum until her death in 1934, and the two were never reunited.[2]

Later in childhood, Bishop's paternal family gained custody and she was removed from the care of her grandparents and moved in with her father's much wealthier family in Worcester, Massachusetts. However, Bishop was very unhappy in Worcester and her separation from her grandparents made her very lonely. It's also significant to note that while she was living in Worcester, she developed chronic asthma which she would suffer from for the rest of her life. This time in her life is briefly chronicled in her poem "In The Waiting Room."

Bishop boarded at the Walnut Hill School in Natick, Massachusetts (where her first poems were published by her friend Frani Blough in a student magazine).[3] Then she enteredVassar College in the fall of 1929, shortly before the stock market crash. In 1933, she co-founded Con Spirito, a rebel literary magazine at Vassar, with writer Mary McCarthy (one year her senior), Margaret Miller, and the sisters Eunice and Eleanor Clark.[4] Bishop was greatly influenced by the poetMarianne Moore[5] to whom she was introduced by a librarian at Vassar in 1934. Moore took a keen interest in Bishop’s work, and at one point Moore dissuaded Bishop from attending Cornell Medical School, in which the poet had briefly enrolled herself after moving to New York City following her Vassar graduation. It was four years before Bishop addressed ‘Dear Miss Moore’ as ‘Dear Marianne,’ and only then at the elder poet’s invitation. The friendship between the two women, memorialized by an extensive correspondence (see One Art), endured until Moore's death in 1972. Bishop's "At the Fishhouses" (1955) contains allusions on several levels to Moore's 1924 poem "A Grave." [6]

She was introduced to Robert Lowell by Randall Jarrell in 1947 and they would become great friends, mostly through their written correspondence, until Lowell's death in 1977. After his death, she wrote, "our friendship, [which was] often kept alive through years of separation only by letters, remained constant and affectionate, and I shall always be deeply grateful for it"[7]. They also both influenced each other's poetry. Lowell cited Bishop's influence on his poem "Skunk Hour" which he said, "[was] modeled on Miss Bishop's 'The Armadillo.'"[8] Also, his poem "The Scream" is "derived from...Bishop's story In the Village."[9] "North Haven," one of the last poems she published during her lifetime, was written in memory of Lowell in 1978.

Poetry Collections
  • North & South (Houghton Mifflin, 1946)
  • Poems: North & South/A Cold Spring (Houghton Mifflin, 1955)
  • A Cold Spring (Houghton Mifflin, 1956)
  • Questions of Travel (Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 1965)
  • The Complete Poems (Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 1969)
  • Geography III, (Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 1976)
  • The Complete Poems: 1927-1979 (Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 1983)
  • Edgar Allan Poe & The Juke-Box: Uncollected Poems, Drafts, and Fragments by Elizabeth Bishop ed. Alice Quinn, (Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 2006)
  • From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia