5.- The behaviorist view of language learning

The process of language learning it’s influenced by conditionings, the environment helps the learner to associate the sounds they hear with the situation, the context helps a learner to understand complex speeches, when they are kids and we’re not able to communicate in a formal way, they tend to imitate the sounds they previously hear from their parents, they often recognize actions that accompany those words, they unconsciously fix the situation with the sound.

When the learners are able to produce understandable expressions, they get attention of their parents and they will associate the behavior with the words the barely produce, if the parents recognize perfectly, the communication between the learners and their environment starts to produces vocal stimulus, the behavior patterns are rewarded or reinforced if the learner had a positive or even negative response, on the other hand if the learner has no response the behavior patterns would be neglected.

Some important things have to influence in language acquisition such as:

·         Language is learnt only through use or practice. The more the learner is exposed to the use the better the chances of learning it.

·         Producing the correct response requires attention since it is bound to slacken after some time. So, prolonged practice is less useful than spaced practice.

·         Every new item learnt must be reinforced by further practice before further learning begins.

·         The production of language depends on the situation which makes its use necessary. Language cannot be taught divorced from it; the language in a meaningful way.

·         Learning is still faster if the learner is placed to the situation where he can produce only the correct response. Each incorrect response builds up a faulty behavior pattern, which interferes with the process of conditioning.

·         The spoken language comes earlier than the written, and the receptive (passive) experience of language is necessary before any production (active) use can begin.

·         Producing the correct linguistic response requires effort. If the learner is not called upon to make it there is not learning.

·         Learning takes place faster if the correct response towards stimulus is confirmed. The learner must know at once if his effort is right or wrong rewarded.

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