"I am in fact firmly convinced that the essentially statistical character
of contemporary quantum theory is solely to be ascribed to the fact that
this theory operates with an incomplete description of physical systems."
"There is a widespread and erroneous conviction that for Einstein determinism
was always the sacred principle. The quotability of his famous
`God does not play dice' has not helped in this respect. Among those who had great
difficulty seeing Einstein's position was Born. Pauli tried to help
in a letter of 1954:
'...I was unable to recognize Einstein whenever you talked about him in either
your letter or your manuscript. It seemed to me as if you had erected some
dummy Einstein for yourself, which you then knocked down with great pomp.
In particular Einstein does not consider the concept of `determinism' to
be as fundamental as it is frequently held to be (as he told me emphatically
many times) ... he disputes that he uses as a criterion for the
admissibility of a theory the question "Is it rigorously deterministic?"...
he was not at all annoyed with you, but only said that you were a person
who will not listen'...
...These references to Born are not meant to diminish one of the towering
figures of modern physics. They are meant to illustrate the difficulty
of putting aside preconceptions and listening to what is actually being
said. They are meant to encourage you, dear listener, to listen
a little harder."
John Stewart Bell
The author of this page received his doctorate under Professor Sheldon Goldstein (link: http://www.math.rutgers.edu/~oldstein/ ) of Rutgers Mathematical Physics. My gratitude to Shelly is profound.
Other physicists with whom I've had interchanges on quantum matters are Travis Norsen of Smith College (link: http://www.smith.edu/physics/) and Roderich Tumulka of Rutgers University Mathematical Physics (link: http://www.math.rutgers.edu/~tumulka/ )
Finally, I want to mention here a good and constant internet friend with whom I discussed physics online for almost a decade, Phillip E. Warnell ( link: http://oddandsods.blogspot.com/ ).
By way of self-promotion, may I state that I collaborated on the upcoming book
"Bell's Theorem and Quantum Realism" (link: http://www.springer.com/physics/quantum+physics/book/978-3-642-23467-5 )
with Professor Asif M. Shakur (link: http://www.salisbury.edu/physics/ ) of Salisbury University, in Salisbury Maryland (USA).
Composed with care by
Douglas L. Hemmick, Ph.D.