While studies have shown that more women than men report panic or near-panic, both are at risk.
WILLIAM P MORGAN, EdD
1986 Case-control Study (N = 245)
Incidence of “panic or near-panic”
50% of Men
64% of Women
Morgan WP. Anxiety and Panic in Recreational Scuba Divers. Int J Sports Med 1995; 20: 398-421.
David F Colvard, MD and Lynn Y Colvard, PhD
2000 SAFETY SURVEY OF RECREATIONAL SCUBA DIVERS (N = 12,231)
"Q 9. Have you ever had a panic experience during a dive?"
24% for Males (N= 9292)
37% for Females (N= 2939)
Colvard, D.F. and Colvard, L.Y: A Study of Panic in Recreational Divers, The Undersea Journal,
First Quarter 2003, pp 40-44.
35th Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society Scientific Meeting, San Diego, CA, June 28, 2002