Dyspraxia literally comes from two Greek Words "dys" meaning ill or abnormal and "praxis" which means doing. This is a negative and self-fulfilling label that implies that we are not capable of taking action! This is untrue. According to the work of Paulo Freire's work on critical awareness which empowers groups of oppressed people to become actively involved, break through apathy and develop skills in problem solving.
“ It is only when the oppressed find the oppressor out and become involved in the organised struggle for their liberation that they begin to believe in themselves. This discovery cannot be purely intellectual but must involve action; nor can it be limited to mere activism, but must include serious reflection: only then will it be praxis."
There are two types of dyspraxia, which are quite different. Developmental dyspraxia and acquired dyspraxia. Developmental dyspraxia is when someone is born with dyspraxia and acquired dyspraxia can be caused by a stroke or head injury and causes much more severe disabilities. This website is about the former type of dyspraxia, which includes difficulties with co-ordination, spatial awareness, perception, language and short term memory.
Developmental dyspraxia affects between ten to Seven percent of the population and up to three percent in varying degrees of severity. Many adults remain undiagnosed and can be lost in the mental health, prison and probationary services.
A person with dyspraxia may also have other specific learning differences such as developmental speech and language differences and may result in a combination of dyslexia and co-ordination difficulties. Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD or ADHD) and hyperactivity are often associated with dyspraxia as well as Asperger's Syndrome and communication disorders. These overlapping disabilities are known as "neuro-derversity.” We refer those who do not live with these differences as Neuro-Typical or N.T.s click here for more information on N.D.
Professor Amanda Kirby believes that 90% of dyspraxics have an overlap with other forms of ND.
Other terms for Dyspraxia.
Developmental co-ordination disorder (DCD). Motor learning difficulties. Motor dysfunction Disorder of attention, motor control and perception (DAMP), Non Verbal Learning Difficulties (NVLD)
The terms 'Clumsy Child Syndrome' and 'Minimal Brain Damage' are now discouraged. Unfortunately some people including professionals do not understand what you mean unless the former insulting label is used. All labels used suggest the medical model of disability and not the everyday problems the person faces from the barriers society cause us to suffer from. Such as social exclusion unemployment, underachievement in education and low self-esteem.