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LDF.Udifluvents

Key to Subgroups

LDFA. Udifluvents that have both:
1. One or both of the following:
a. Cracks within 125 cm of the mineral soil surface that are 5 mm or more wide through a thickness of 30 cm or more for some time in normal years and slickensides or wedge-shaped aggregates in a layer 15 cm or more thick that has its upper boundary within 125 cm of the mineral soil surface; or
b. A linear extensibility of 6.0 cm or more between the mineral soil surface and either a depth of 100 cm or a densic, lithic, or paralithic contact, whichever is shallower; and
2. Either or both of the following:
a. In one or more horizons within 50 cm of the mineral soil surface, redox depletions with chroma of 2 or less and also aquic conditions for some time in normal years (or artificial drainage); or
b. In one or more horizons within 100 cm of the mineral soil surface, a color value, moist, of 4 or more and either chroma of 0 or hue of 5GY, 5G, 5BG, or 5B and also aquic conditions for some time in normal years (or artificial drainage). Aquertic Udifluvents
Soil Families and Soil Series in Subgroup

LDFB. Other Udifluvents that have one or both of the following:
1. Cracks within 125 cm of the mineral soil surface that are 5 mm or more wide through a thickness of 30 cm or more for some time in normal years and slickensides or wedgeshaped aggregates in a layer 15 cm or more thick that has its upper boundary within 125 cm of the mineral soil surface; or
2. A linear extensibility of 6.0 cm or more between the mineral soil surface and either a depth of 100 cm or a densic, lithic, or paralithic contact, whichever is shallower. Vertic Udifluvents
Soil Families and Soil Series in Subgroup

LDFC. Other Udifluvents that have, throughout one or more horizons with a total thickness of 18 cm or more within 75 cm of the mineral soil surface, a fine-earth fraction with both a bulk density of 1.0 g/cm3 or less, measured at 33 kPa water retention, and Al plus 1/2 Fe percentages (by ammonium oxalate) totaling more than 1.0. Andic Udifluvents
Soil Families and Soil Series in Subgroup

LDFD. Other Udifluvents that have, throughout one or more horizons with a total thickness of 18 cm or more within 75 cm of the mineral soil surface, one or both of the following:
1. More than 35 percent (by volume) fragments coarser than 2.0 mm, of which more than 66 percent is cinders, pumice, and pumicelike fragments; or
2. A fine-earth fraction containing 30 percent or more particles 0.02 to 2.0 mm in diameter; and
a. In the 0.02 to 2.0 mm fraction, 5 percent or more volcanic glass; and
b. [(Al plus 1/2 Fe, percent extracted by ammonium oxalate) times 60] plus the volcanic glass (percent) is equal to 30 or more. Vitrandic Udifluvents
Soil Families and Soil Series in Subgroup

LDFE. Other Udifluvents that have either:
1. In one or more horizons within 50 cm of the mineral soil surface, redox depletions with chroma of 2 or less and also aquic conditions for some time in normal years (or artificial drainage); or
2. In one or more horizons within 100 cm of the mineral soil surface, a color value, moist, of 4 or more and either chroma of 0 or hue of 5GY, 5G, 5BG, or 5B and also aquic conditions for some time in normal years (or artificial drainage). Aquic Udifluvents
Soil Families and Soil Series in Subgroup

LDFF. Other Udifluvents that are saturated with water in one or more layers within 100 cm of the mineral soil surface in normal years for either or both:
1. 20 or more consecutive days; or
2. 30 or more cumulative days. Oxyaquic Udifluvents
Soil Families and Soil Series in Subgroup

LDFG. Other Udifluvents that have a color value, moist, of 3 or less and a color value, dry, of 5 or less (crushed and smoothed sample) throughout the upper 15 cm of the mineral soil or have materials between the mineral soil surface and a depth of 15 cm that have these color values after mixing. Mollic Udifluvents
Soil Families and Soil Series in Subgroup

LDFH. Other Udifluvents. Typic Udifluvents
Soil Families and Soil Series in Subgroup

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