12. Methodology, archaeometry, technology

Index:

Aagaard, Sven 1945-

Title:

The Microscope Drawing Tube Method (MDTM) : an easy and efficient way to make large scale die studies / Sven Aagaard and Michael Märcher

Published:

London : Royal Numismatic Society, 2015

Note:

Offprint from: Numismatic Chronicle 175 (2015) p. 249-262, pl. 28-31

Abstract:

This article explains how die studies can be made on a large number of coins, even those with very similar dies, using the Microscope Drawing Tube Method (MDTM). Since the 1980s, the method has been used to identify the dies of more than 35,000 coins. It is an optical method, where die identification is made by the use of a stereo microscope equipped with a drawing device. To a large extent, the method eliminates the difficulties of traditional visual die identification.

 

Index:

Arles, Adrien

Title:

L’apport de l’expérimentation paléométallurgique dans une discussion technique / Adrien Arles

Source:

Revue numismatique 167 (2011) p. 245-263

Abstract:

During the excavations of the second royal mint in La Rochelle (France), an important quantity of material related to the production of coins was brought to light. This corpus has been the subject of a technical study in order to determine the manufacturing process of coins in the 16th century. With this research some experiments were conducted on the paleometallurgical platform in Melle and in a laboratory too. The purpose of this paper is to present the advantages of this kind of approach and illustrate them with some examples taken from our study of the minting technics.

 

Index:

Arslan, Ermanno A. 1940-

Title:

Per un approccio ai materiali numismatici nello scavo archeologico / [Ermanno A. Arslan]

Source:

Le collezioni numismatiche : conservazione e valorizzazione : atti della giornata di studi, Varese, Musei Civici di Villa Mirabello, 31 marzo 1995. - [Varese] : Regione Lombardia, Servizio Musei e Beni Culturali, 1996. - P. 7-14

 

Index:

Arslan, Ermanno A. 1940-

Title:

Le sequenze dei conii e il calcolo del numero presunto dei conii utilizzati in zecca : un aspetto della moderna analisi statistica delle monete / Ermanno A. Arslan

Source:

Quaderni Friulani di Archeologia 16 (2006) p. 61-79

 

Index:

Asolati, Michele

Title:

Caratterizzazione di nummi di V sec. d.C. tramite rilievo tridimensionale : uno strumento per la ricerca numismatica / Michele Asolati, Giuseppe Salemi

Published:

Milano : Società Numismatica Italiana Onlus, 2011

Note:

Offprint from: Rivista Italiana di Numsmatica 112 (2011) p. 199-210

Abstract:

New technologies both high resolution photographic and laser scanning surveys can be useful tools for the numismatic research. This paper shows some results of the approach to bronze nummi of V century A.D. of Polynomial Texture Maps (PTMs), which are used for displaying the appearance of an object under varying lighting direction, and 3D laser scanning, which is used for building 3D models with micrometric precision.

 

Index:

Barrandon, Jean-Noël 1943-2008

Title:

La caractérisation des archéométaux : résultats, limites et perspectives / Jean Noël Barrandon

Source:

Histoire & Mesure 9 (1994) 3-4 p. 259-269

 

Index:

Blet-Lemarquand, Maryse

Title:

L'analyse élémentaire des monnaies : adéquation entre les problématiques envisagées, les alliages étudiés et les méthodes utilisées / Maryse Blet-Lemarquand, Bernard Gratuze et Jean-Noël Barrandon

Source:

Selbstwahrnehmung und Fremdwahrnehmung in der Fundmünzenbearbeitung : Bilanz und Perspektiven am Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts = Regards croisés sur l'étude des trouvailles monétaires : Bilan et perspectives au début du XXIe siècle. II: Reflexionen : Sitzungsbericht des fünften internationalen Kolloquiums der Schweizerischen Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Fundmünzen gemeinsam organisiert mit der Numismatischen Kommission der Länder in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland (Konstanz, 4.-5. März 2005) = Réflexions : Actes du cinquième colloque international du Groupe suisse pour l'étude des trouvailles monétaires organisé conjointement avec la Numismatische Kommission der Länder in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland (Constance, 4-5 mars 2005) / hrsg. von Harald Derschka, Suzanne Frey-Kupper, Reiner Cunz. - Lausanne : Zèbre, 2014. - ((Untersuchungen zu Numismatik und Geldgechichte ; 7). - P. 121-146

Abstract:

If an analysis of the elements of which certain coins are made is to usefully round out a ‘traditional’ numismatic approach, there must be close and constructive cooperation between the numismatist who formulates the questions to be addressed through archaeometry, and a specialist in the methodology of metal analysis, with experience of the specific problems that coins pose. The two must first together decide on which analytical method to use. This decision will be critical for the final value of the study, and must be based both on the alloy from which the coins were made, and the questions to be answered. The paper provides a critical review of the range of methods that may be applied to each of the major families of monetary alloys: gold, silver, and copper. It points out the strengths and the weaknesses of each method. Only wholly non-destructive methods, or methods using micro-sampling invisible to the naked eye, are considered.

 

Index:

Blet-Lemarquand, Maryse

Title:

Nuclear methods and Laser Ablation Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry : how can these methods contribute to the study of ancient coinage? / Maryse Blet-Lemarquand ... [et al.]

Source:

Cercetări Numismatice 15 (2009) p. 43-56

Abstract:

The Centre Ernest-Babelon developed and applied two different nuclear methods using a cyclotron for numismatic studies: Proton Activation Analysis (PAA) and Fast Neutron Activation  Analysis (FNAA). At the beginning of the 1970s PAA was developed to study ancient gold coinage and in the 1980s FNAA was improved to determine non-destructively the contents of the major, minor and trace elements in silver and copper alloys coins. These two nuclear methods were successfully used to study numismatic and historical issues covering all periods and geographical areas. But they present some drawbacks. Therefore a complementary method was recently developed for the non-destructive analysis of archaeological gold and silver artefacts: Laser Ablation Inductively Coupled Mass Spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS). Basic quantitative analysis and depth profile analysis are performed. Comparison between these different methods are established. The capabilities of these methods are illustrated with numismatic examples: the provenance study of the Kushan minted gold, the Carolingian silver coinage, the identification of some bronze coins from the hoard of Olbia.

 

Index:

Buttrey, Theodore V. 1929-

Title:

Numismatic taxonomy / Theodore V. Buttrey

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 26 (1984) p. 258-258

 

Index:

Caccamo Caltabiano, Maria

Title:

DIANA: an approach to coin iconography according to time and space through digital maps / Maria Caltabiano … [et al.]

Source:

Proceedings of the 2013 Digital Heritage International Congress (DigitalHeritage). Vol. 2: Federating the 19th Int'l VSMM, 10th Eurographics GCH, & 2nd UNESCO Memory of the World Conferences, plus special sessions from CAA, Arqueologica 2.0, Space2Place, ICOMOS, ICIP & CIPA, EU projects, et al.. - Piscataway : Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, [2013]. – P. 413-416

Abstract:

Some Web solutions make it possible to retrieve data and display the location of ancient mints and coin finds on digital maps, but they do not present codified and detailed descriptions of coin iconographies. The ‘Digital Iconographic Atlas of Numismatics in Antiquity’ (DIANA) is a web application that provides an in-depth analysis of ancient coins specifically considering the details of their iconography, chronology, and the geographical location of their mints. Thanks to this approach, DIANA allows a more detailed study of coin iconographies through time and space than other existing Web applications.

 

Index:

Cairns, D.

Title:

Did the gold content of Cyzicene electrum coins decline over time? : a study using elaboration as a statistical strategy / D. Cairns and T.P. Hutchinson

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 147 (2001) p. 51-55

 

Index:

Callataÿ, François de 1961-

Title:

À propos du volume des émissions monétaires dans l'Antiquité / François de Callataÿ  

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 130 (1984) p. 37-48

Abstract:

This paper is very much a review of the conference Statistics and Numismatics (Statistiques et numismatiques) hold in Paris in Sept. 1979. Contributions of Michael Metcalf, Jörg Müller, Mora Màs, Giles F. Carter are reminded. A comparison of methods (including Brown, Carcassonne, Good, Guilbaud, Lyon, Lyon-Carter, Mora Màs and Müller) is then given for the issue of Republican denarii of Crepusius (whose dies are numbered), the Byzantine solidi sturck under Mauricius and Tiberius at Carthage and the Alexander's issues of drachms at Sardis and Miletus. The average number of coins struck by obverse die is also discussed.

 

Index:

Callataÿ, François Philippe Edouard Léon de 1961-

Title:

L'enjeu de l'utilisation des statistiques dans les études de numismatique antique / François de Callataÿ

Source:

La Vie Numismatique 39 (1989) 5 (mai) p. 161-163

Abstract:

A short and general presentation of the reasons why it is of crucial importance for numismatists to estimate the amounts of coins put inot circulation.

 

Index:

Callataÿ, François Philippe Edouard Léon de 1961-

Title:

Quantifying monetary production in Greco-Roman times : a general frame / François de Callataÿ

Source:

Quantifying monetary supplies in Graeco-Roman times / François de Callataÿ (éd.). - Bari : Edipuglia, 2011. – P. 7-29

Abstract:

This paper aims to describe and comment what has been achieved for the period 1997-2009 in quantifying monetary production for Greco-Roman times. It classifies 94 recent studies in three categories: a) no quantification; b) quantification of the original number of obverse dies and c) quantification of the number of struck coins (with an increasing number for this third category). It deals then with academic perspectives for numismatists (with fear that the amount of new die-studies will decrease in the future), historians (who are no more devoted to economy as they were in the 1970s) and economists. In the third part of the paper, we focus on historical perspectives for economists, numismatists (and their two strategies to discard hypotheses: there is not enough, or there is too much), and historians (putting numismatic estimates in perspective with other data).

 

Index:

Callataÿ, François Philippe Edouard Léon de 1961-

Title:

Statistique et numismatique : les limites d'un apport / [François de Callataÿ]

Published:

[S.l. : s.n., 1987]

Note:

Offprint from: Revue des Archéologiques et Historiens d'Art de Louvain 20 (1987) p. 76-95

 

Index:

Callataÿ, François Philippe Edouard Léon de 1961-

Title:

L'utilisation des statistiques en numismatique (métrologie, estimation du nombre de monnaies émisses) / François de Callataÿ

Source:

Les Nouvelles de l' Archéologie 33 (automne 1988) p. 8-10

Abstract:

A short and general introduction to the use of statistics in the field of numismatics, with special emphasis on how to estimate the number of coins issued (meaning first to estimate the original number of obverse dies then multiplying this estimate by the average number of coins produced by each die).

 

Index:

Calomino, Dario

Title:

Processing coin finds data in Northern Italy : the case of Veneto and Verona / Dario Calomino

Source:

ICOMON e-Proceedings 3 (2009) p. 55-62

Abstract:

The aim of this paper is to present the numismatic research of the Centro Regionale di Catalogazione dei Beni Numismatici del Veneto, a programme of cataloguing and processing coin finds and numismatic collections data in the region of Veneto, supervised by Prof. Giovanni Gorini of the University of Padua. The project takes place with the cooperation of both municipal and state museums, gathering together all the coins found in the region or belonging to historical collections. The coin finds are published in the multi-volume series of the Ritrovamenti monetali di età romana in Veneto, and the entire numismatic heritage of the museums of Veneto is catalogued in a numismatic computer database that will be available on the regional website. This paper offers some examples of the filing scheme for both the volumes and the database, illustrating research tools that can be used to find a specimen or to process data for further studies. Some results of these projects are also shown in the paper. The publication plan for coin finds and numismatic research in the town of Verona is also illustrated, in particular the forthcoming volume covering the coins found in the historical centre.

 

Index:

Carroccio, Benedetto

Title:

Parallel striking reconstruction and chronological numismatic interpretation / Benedetto Carroccio

Source:

Quantifying monetary supplies in Graeco-Roman times / François de Callataÿ (éd.). - Bari : Edipuglia, 2011. – P. 81-103

 

Index:

Cunz, Reiner 1958-

Title:

Die dritte Seite der Medaille? : Skizzen zu neuen Perspektiven der Numismatik / Reiner Cunz

Source:

Abhandlungen der Braunschweigischen Wissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft 58 (2007) p. 17-27

 

Index:

Doyen, Jean-Marc 1954-

Title:

Archaeology and numismatics : can we reconcile the 'fraternal enemies' ? / Jean-Marc Doyen

Published:

Bruxelles : CEN. [2011]

Note:

Offprint from: Journal of Archaeological Numismatics 1 (2011) p. I-VIII

 

Index:

Doyen, Jean-Marc 1954-

Title:

Cliométrie et numismatique contextuelle : compter et quantifier le passé ? : petite histoire de la méthode (1960-2011) / Jean-Marc Doyen

Published:

Bruxelles : CEN. [2011]

Note:

Offprint from: Journal of Archaeological Numismatics 1 (2011) p. 9-46

Abstract:

Since the 1960s, numismatists 'in the field' and mathematicians have developed a series of specific tools (in the fields of quantification and cartography) in order to set up standards. These have become part of a cliometric view on coins. Two different approaches have been explored : the first one concerns the megacontexts and has been nourished by R. Reece and his school ; the second one, on the contrary, has focused on microcontexts by analysing the chronostratigraphic evolution on a same site, and has not met with the same success. This 'historiographic' article synthesizes the available tools, insisting on their application and their weaknesses.

 

Index:         

Esty, Warren W.

Title:

The distribution of the numbers of coins struck by dies / Warren W. Esty and Giles F. Carter

Source:

American Journal of Numismatics 2nd ser. 3-4 (1991-1992) p. 165-186

Abstract:

The number of coins struck before a die becomes unusable varies widely from die to die. Evidence from modern mint records and die-count data from ancient coins is used in an attempt to determine the distribution.

Note: A great deal of additional data was considered in my 2011 article, "The geometric model for estimating the number of dies," which should be read after reading this article.

 

Index:

Esty, Warren W.

Title:

The geometric model for estimating the number of dies / Warren W. Esty

Source:

Quantifying monetary supplies in Graeco-Roman times / François de Callataÿ (éd.). - Bari : Edipuglia, 2011. – P. 43-58

Abstract:

A statistical method for estimating the number of dies used to strike issues of ancient coins and a demonstration that is it justified with real ancient-coin data. Its mathematical justification is also noted.

 

Index:

Esty, Warren W.

Title:

How to estimate the original number of dies and the coverage of a sample / Warren Esty

Published:

London : Royal Numismatic Society, 2006

Note:

Offprint from: Numismatic Chronicle 166 (2006) p. 359-364

Abstract:

Formulas for estimating the original number of dies from die-count data are given. The reasons they might not yield good estimates are discussed.

Note: Although they were the best formulas known in 2006, additional data suggests a method which is usually better. See my 2011 article, "The geometric model for estimating the number of dies." However, the "Discussion" section is still relevant as are the confidence interval formulas.

 

Index:

Esty, Warren W.

Title:

Percentile plots and other methods of graphing coin weights / Warren W. Esty

Published:

[S.l. : s.n., 1989]

Note:

Offprint from: Numismatic Chronicle 149 (1989) p. 135-148

Summary:

Weights of large numbers of coins can be difficult to summarize and interpret. Several ways to plot data are discussed and the Percentile Plot is recommended, especially for comparing weights of two or more issues.

 

Index:

Esty, Warren W.

Title:

Statistical analysis of hoard data in ancient numismatics / Warren W. Esty

Source:

XIII Congreso Internacional de Numismática, Madrid, 2003 : actas = proceedings = actes. I / ed. por Carmen Alfaro, Carmen Marcos y Paloma Otero. - Madrid : Ministerio de Cultura, Subdirección General de Publicaciones, Información y Documentación, 2005. - P. 173-177

Summary:

Discusses the difficulty of proving anything statistically from analysis of hoard data, especially about "loss" or 'wastage' rates and the mobility of coins. What can be done is discussed.

 

Index:

Esty, Warren W.

Title:

Statistics in numismatics. [1990-1995] / Warren W. Esty

Source:

A survey of numismatic research, 1990-1995 / general ed. Cécile Morrison, Bernd Kluge ; ed. Andrew Burnett, Lutz Ilisch, Wolfgang Steguweit ; in collab. with John Kleeberg, Hermann Maué. - Berlin : International Numismatic Commission, 1997. – P. 817-823

 

Index:

Esty, Warren W.

Title:

Statistics in numismatics. [1996-2001] / Warren W. Esty

Source:

A survey of numismatic research, 1996-2001 / ed. generales Carmen Alfaro, Andrew Burnett. - Madrid : International Association of Professional Numismatists, 2003. – P. 921-927

 

Index:

Esty, Warren W.

Title:

The theory of linkage / Warren Esty

Source:

Numismatic Chronicle 150 (1990) p. 205-221

Abstract:

Linkage can help arrange dies in chronological order and help determine how the mint was organized. However, there are many caveats and typical deductions are often unwarranted unless the model of mint operation is remarkably simple. What can be deduced *if* the assumptions hold is discussed and the numismatic considerations that bear on *whether* the assumptions hold are outlined.

 

Index:

Faucher, Thomas 1978-

Title:

Coinage and mapping / Thomas Faucher

Source:

Proceedings of the XIVth International Numismatic Congress, Glasgow 2009. II / ed. by Nicholas Holmes. - Glasgow : International Numismatic Council. 2011. - P. 1212-1216

 

Index:

Füeg, Franz 1921-

Title:

Vom Umgang mit Zufall und Wahrscheinlichkeit in der numismatischen Forschung / Franz Füeg

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 76 (1997) p. 135-160

 

Index:

Härtel, Reinhard 1945-

Title:

Die Numismatik aus der Sicht des Historikers / Reinhard Härtel

Source:

Schild von Steier 23 (2010) p. 62-66

 

Index:

Heenes, Volker

Title:

Numismatik und Archäologie im 16. Jahrhundert / Volker Heenes

Source:

XII. Internationaler Numismatischer Kongress Berlin 1997 : Akten = proceedings = actes. I / hrsg. von Bernd Kluge und Bernhard Weisser. - Berlin : Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, 2000. – P. 91-102

Abstract:

Johann Joachim Winckelmann is still considered to be the founding father of the field introducing scientific tools for the investigations of Antiquity. However, by rediscovering ancient Greek and Roman iconography, Winckelmann based his own research on achievements which had already been made by antiquarians of the 14th through to the 17th century, especially in numismatics. Winckelmann’s contribution would have barely been possible without these early numismatic publications, which introduced an approach to early ‘archaeology’ for the understanding of the meaning of ancient images. Those early trials to ‘decipher’ ancient iconography and to explain objects from Antiquity published in books of the 16th and early 17th century and their contribution to archaeology are the subjects of this paper.

 

Index:

Helly, Bruno 1937-

Title:

Méthodes de laboratoire, statistiques et informatique en numismatique / Bruno Helly

Published:

Brussels : International Numismatic Commission, 1991

Note:

Offprint from: A survey of numismatic research, 1985-1990 / ed. by Tony Hackens ... [et al.]. - Brussels : International Numismatic Commission, 1991. - (Special Publication / International Association of Professional Numismatists ; no. 12). – P. 847-856

 

Index:

Hoover, Oliver David 1972-

Title:

Paper, plaster, sulfur, foil : a brief history of numismatic data transmission

Source:

American Numismatic Society Magazine 11 (2012) 1 (Spring) p. 18-26

 

Index:

Horsnæs, Helle Wnge

Title:

Many coins from one site / Helle W. Horsnæs

Source:

Single finds: the Nordic perspective : 6th Nordic Numismatic Symposium / Helle W. Horsnæs, Jens Christian Moesgaard (eds.). - Copenhagen : Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, National Museum of Denmark. - (Nordisk Numismatisk Årsskrift ; 2000-2002). - P. 100-108

Abstract:

The article presents the denarius finds from the Smørenge site (Bornholm, Denmark). The site has produced both one (or two) very large denarius hoards and a considerable number of single finds of denarii. The article discusses the methodological problems involved in the interpretation of coin finds from productive sites. It argues that the surface preservation of each must be studied in order to decide the deposition circumstances, whether a particular coin derives from the hoard(s) or should be considered single finds.

 

Index:

Kemmers, Fleur 1977-

Title:

Rethinking numismatics : the archaeology of coins / Fleur Kemmers and Nanouschka Myrberg

Source:

Archaeological Dialogues 18 (2011) 1 p. 87-108

Abstract:

This paper sets out to re-member coins into archaeological discourse. It is argued that coins, as part o  material culture, need to be examined within the theoretical framework of historical archaeology an  material-culture studies. Through several case studies we demonstrate how coins, through their integration of text, image and existence as material objects, offer profound insights not only into matters of economy and the ‘big history’ of issuers and state organization but also into ‘small histories’, cultural values and the agency of humans and objects. In the formative period of archaeology in the 19th century the study of coins played an important role in the development of new methods and concepts. Today, numismatics is viewed as a field apart. The mutual benefits of our approach to the fields of archaeology and numismatics highlight the need for a new and constructive dialogue between the disciplines.

 

Index:

Kilger, Christoph

Title:

På jakt efter människorna bakom mynten : tolkningsmöjligheter inom det numismatiska och historisk-arkeologiska forskningsfältet / Christoph Kilger

Source:

Medeltidsarkeologisk Tidskrift (2005) 3 p 37-52

Abstract:

Coins and coin finds can be used to initiate interdisciplinary dialogues especially between numismatics and archeology. One fruitful way to accomplish this is to regard coins both as texts and material culture. Coins comprise textual qualities which in certain respects remind of the written sources. From this angle coins can be associated with their original monetary context. On the other hand, coins are also material objects reappearing in different contexts carrying with them earlier monetary ideas and concepts. Coin finds also reveal the ongoing strife between coin issuers trying to establish their authority and coin users who react on the legislation of coin use imposed on them. Coins embody the dynamic concepts of medieval particularism and the quest for control and sovereignty over land and people. Rather than regarding the establishment of coins as a general means of payment as a straightforward and continuous process, coin use during the Middle Ages is to be understood as chaotic and discontinuous.

 

Index:

Klüssendorf, Niklot 1944-

Title:

Fundnumismatik und Volkskunde / Niklot Klüssendorf

Source:

Abhandlungen der Braunschweigischen Wissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft 63 (2011) p. 145-150

 

Index:

Krmnicek, Stefan

Title:

Das Konzept der Objektbiographie in der antiken Numismatik / Stefan Krmnicek

Source:

Coins in context. I: New perspectives for the interpretation of coin finds : colloquium Frankfurt a.M., October 25-27, 2007 I / ed. by Hans-Markus von Kaenel and Fleur Kemmers. - Mainz : Von Zabern, cop. 2009. - (Studien zu Fundmu ünzen der Antike ; Bd. 23). - P. 47-59

Abstract:

In this contribution I seek to discuss the concept of object biography applied to numismatic studies. Typically in classical archaeology and historical disciplines, ancient coins are uniformly perceived as money in modern economic terms; alternative or complementary functions of coins are rarely considered. In the past few years – influenced by the concepts of exchange, barter and reciprocity – Iron Age numismatists have developed a dichotomy between ritual and non-ritual interpretations for a better understanding of the meaning and function of Celtic coins in favour of an exclusively economic interpretation. However, like all archaeological artefacts, coins cannot be reduced solely to one lifelong meaning whether only economic or only ritual. Ancient coins are actively meaningful in multiple varying dimensions through their relationships with people. An object's function and usage can change constantly. These individual moments can be elucidated by a theoretical biography of the object. As a methodological consequence, only the final context in the former life of an ancient coin effectively leads to modern archaeological interpretations – even if that moment was not considered to be the final moment in the systemic context of a coin. Only archaeologically recovered coin finds, with a well-documented archaeological context, are therefore suitable for understanding theirusage and meaning for the contemporary consumer.

 

Index:

Lockyear, Kris

Title:

Simulating coin hoard formation / Kris Lockyear

Source:

Computer applications and quantitative methods in archaeology, 1990 : CAA 90 / ed. by Kris Lockyear & Sebastian Rahtz ; with Clive Orton ... [et al.]. - Oxford : Tempus Reparatum, 1991. - (BAR international series ; 565). - P. 195-206

 

Index:

Lyon, Colin Stewart Sinclair 1926-

Title:

Die estimation : some experiments with simulated samples of a coinage / Stewart Lyon

Source:

British Numismatic Journal 59 (1989) p. 1-12

 

Index:

Märcher, Michael 1979-

Title:

Stempelstudier : et stærkt redskab til ny viden / af Michael Märcher, Sven Aagaard och Helle W. Horsnæs

Source:

Nationalmuseets Arbejdsmark (2016) p. 197-209

Abstract:

n any coin production there is an ongoing use of obverse and reverse dies (fig.1). Die studies of coins with a view to the mapping of the dies and their linkages (fig.2 and 3) are an accurate method of investigating the many aspects of coin production pertaining to political and economic history, since coins with linked dies must be assumed to have been produced in the same place at almost the same time. Since the second half of the 1800s die studies have normally been done by visually comparing dies without significant aids. Considerable progress was made with the development of the Microscope Drawing Tube Method (fig.4), which can handle large quantities of coins and more difficult material (figs.5 and 6). In die studies significant results have been achieved as regards the quantity, dating, minting-place, typology, relative chronology, imitations, counterfeiting, geographical distribution patterns etc. of coin production (figs.8-11).

 

Index:

Moesgaard, Jens Christian

Title:

Pour un débat dépassionné sur les détecteurs à métaux / Jens Christian Moesgaard

Source:

De Nummis Gallicis : mélanges de numismatique celtique offerts à L.-P. Delestrée / textes réunis par Pierre-Marie Guihard et Dominique Hollard. - Paris : Société d'Études Numismatiques et Archéologiques (SÉNA), 2013. - (Recherches et Travaux de la Séna ; no 5). - P. 93-99

 

Index:

Myrberg Burström, Nanouschka 1969-

Title:

The social identity of coin hoards : an example of theory and practice in the space between numismatics and archaeology / Nanouschka Myrberg

Source:

Coins in context. I: New perspectives for the interpretation of coin finds : colloquium Frankfurt a. M., October 25-27, 2007 / ed. by Hans-Markus von Kaenel and Fleur Kemmers. - Mainz am Rhein : von Zabern, cop. 2009. - 186 p. : ill. ; 24 cm. - (Studien zu Fundmünzen der Antike ; Bd. 23). - P. 157-171

Abstract:

Silver coin hoarding is a distinct feature of the Viking Age in some northern European areas, and these hoards convey much information about coin types and chronologies to numismatists. However, there is still no explanation of the custom itself. I argue that hoards should be considered in terms of social categories or genders as a means to understand the specific reasons behind their deposition. This contribution provides examples of approach through contextualizing hoards and their contents. I also propose some theoretical premises regarding the role of numismatics in the space between archaeology, history, economic history and art history. Numismatics as a discipline must develop an explicit research agenda of its own in order to benefit equally from the numismatist’s knowledge of a coin’s primary context (origin), as well as secondary (use and reuse) and tertiary contexts (deposition). Coins do not belong to one single context; neither the one of primary interest to the historian, nor just that which the archaeologist encounters. A numismatic approach sensitive to all contexts opens a wealth of information in terms of the life biography of objects, social relationships, and the routines and cognitive patterns of the society which produced, used and deposited coins.

 

Index:

Nick, Michael

Title:

Zur Anwendung der Neutronenradiographie in der Fundmünzen-Numismatik / Michael Nick, José Diaz Tabernero

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 227 (September 2007) p. 69-77

 

Index:

Rubio Santos, Enrique

Title:

Conservación de material numismático / Enrique Rubio Santos, Claudio A. Revello

Source:

Gaceta Numismática 162/163 (septiembre-diciembre 2006)

 

Index:

Schachinger, Ursula 1968-

Title:

Zu Methoden und Ergebnissen der Fundmünzenauswertung : Gedanken und Impulse / Ursula Schachinger

Source:

Antike Lebenswelten : althistorische und papyrologische Studien / hrsg. von Renate Lafer. - Berlin : de Gruyter, 2015. - (Altertumswissenschaftliche Studien Klagenfurt ; 4). - P. 363-385  

 

Index:

Stahl, Alan Michael 1947-

Title:

Numismatics in the Renaissance / Alan M. Stahl

Source:

The rebirth of antiquity : numismatics, archaeology, and classical studies in the culture of the Renaissance / ed. by Alan M. Stahl ; with the assistance of Gretchen Oberfranc. - Princeton : Princeton University Library, 2009. - P. 3-26

 

Index:

Suchodolski, Stanislaw

Title:

Numismatique et archéologie : les avantages de la cooperation / Stanislaw Suchodolski

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 25 (1983) p. 7-14

 

Index:

Vogtherr, Thomas 1955-

Title:

Von der Münzbelustigung zur akademischen Disziplin : Anmerkungen zum Verhältnis von Numismatik und Geschichtswissenschaft / Thomas Vogtherr

Source:

Abhandlungen der Braunschweigischen Wissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft 53 (2003) p. 13-31