08. Monetary aspects, coin circulation

Index:

Aerts, Erik 1955-

Title:

De economische geschiedenis van het geld tijdens het Ancien Régime : kennismaking met een discipline / E. Aerts

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 140 (1994) p. 43-69

 

Index:

Babelon, Ernest Charles François 1854-1924

Title:

* La théorie féodale de la monnaie / par M. Ernest Babelon

Published:

Paris : Klincksieck, 1908

Note:

Offprint from: Mémoires de l'Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres. – T. 38, 1re pt. (1908)

 

Index:

Bacharach, Jere Lehman 1938-

Title:

The ducat in fourteenth century Egypt / Jere L. Bacharach

Source:

Itinéraires d'Orient : hommages à Claude Cahen / textes réunis par Raoul Curiel et Rika Gyselen. - Bures-sur-Yvette : Groupe pour l'Étude de la Civilisation du Moyen-Orient ; publ. avec le concours de Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, 1994. - (Res Orientales ; 6). - P. 95-102

 

Index:

Bamberger, Ludwig 1823-1899

Title:

Die Schicksale des lateinischen Münzbundes : ein Beitrag zur Währungspolitik / von L. Bamberger

Published:

Berlin : Simion, 1885

 

Index:

Boissevain, Gidéon Maria 1837-1925

Title:

La situation monetaire en 1897 / par G.M. Boissevain

Published:

Paris : Guillaumin, 1897

 

Index:

Bonnet, Auguste

Title:

Manuel monétaire et d'orfévrerie, ou, Nouveau traité des monnaies et des calculs relatifs aux différentes valeurs des espèces, vaisselles et matières d'or et d'argent de France et étrangères : ouvrage utile aux fonctionnaires de monnaies ... / par Auguste Bonnet

Published:

A Paris : chez Bailleul, 1810

 

Index:

Bošnjak, Ellen

Title:

Geld in Abrechnungen : Beispiele aus Tirol (13. Jh.) und Bayern (16. Jh.) / [Ellen Bošnjak, Hubert Emmerig, Michael G.L. Herrmann]

Source:

Beiträge zum 6. Österreichischen Numismatikertag : 14.–16. Mai 2014 / hrsg. von Tiroler Numismatische Gesellschaft. - Hall : Tiroler Numismatische Gesellschaft, 2015. - (Haller Münzblätter ; 8). - P. 193-207

 

Index:

Carlile, William Warrand

Title:

The evolution of modern money / by William Warrand Carlile

Published:

London : MacMillan, 1901

 

Index:

Cernuschi, Henri 1821-1896

Title:

Le bimetallisme a 15 1/2 necessaire pour le Continent, pour les Etats-Unis, pour l'Angleterre / par Henri Cernuschi

Published:

Paris : Guillarmin, 1881

 

Index:

Cernuschi, Henri 1821-1896

Title:

La diplomatie monétaire en 1878 : articles publiés dans le Siècle / par Henri Cernuschi

Published:

Paris : Guillaumin, 1878

 

Index:

Cernuschi, Henri 1821-1896

Title:

Le grand procès de l'Union latine / par Henri Cernuschi

Published:

Paris : Guillaumin, 1884

 

Index:

Cernuschi, Henri 1821-1896

Title:

Mécanique de l'échange / par Henri Cernuschi

Published:

Paris : A. Lacriox, Verboeckhoven et Cie, 1865

 

Index:          

Cernuschi, Henri 1821-1896

Title:

M. Michel Chevalier et le bimétallisme / par Henri Cernuschi

Published:

Paris : Guillaumin, 1876

 

Index:

Cernuschi, Henri 1821-1896

Title:

The monetary conference : questions address to the British and Belgian delegates / by Henri Cernuschi

Published:

London : P.S. King, 1881

 

Index:

Cernuschi, Henri 1821-1896

Title:

Nomisma or 'legal tender' / by Henri Cernuschi

Published:

New York : D. Appleton & Co., 1877

 

Index:          

Cernuschi, Henri 1821-1896

Title:

Or et argent / par Henri Cernuschi

Published:

Paris : Guillaumin, 1874

 

Index:

Cernuschi, Henri 1821-1896

Title:

Les projets monétaires de M. Say : articles publiés dans le siècle / par Henri Cernuschi

Published:

Paris : Guillaumin, 1878

 

Index:

Chaudhuri, Kirti Narayan 1934-

Title:

The economic and monetary problem of European trade with Asia during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries / K.N. Chaudhuri

Source:

Journal of European Economic History 4 (1975)2 (Fall) p. 323-358

 

Index:

Chown, John Francis 1929-

Title:

A history of money : from AD 800 / John Chown

Published:

London : Routledge, 1996

Abstract:

Everyone is familiar with money. Yet few realise that currently contentious issues and financial difficulties are not new. On the contrary, most are firmly rooted in the past and when examined help to put current economic problems in historical context. This book presents a detailed history of money from Charlemagne's reform in approximately AD 800 to the end of the Silver Wars in 1896. It also offers a summary of twentieth century events and an analysis of how the past relates to present problems. This book examines how virtually all modern difficulties associated with money have precedents in the past. It discusses how a mercantile system developed alongside simple, metallic, medieval coinage, in a way which has important lessons for the countries now emerging from central planning. It covers the great periods of monetary disputes, Henry VIII and Sir Thomas Greshem, Isaac Newton's Great recoinage of 1696, Ricardo and the Bullion Committee Report, the battle between the Banking and currency schools, and the much neglected but increasingly relevant, issues of bimetallism and European monetary union in the late nineteenth century. The monetary theories of such diverse characters as Locke, Defoe, Swift and Sir Walter Scott are discussed as well as those of many economists. The coverage is international, and includes the controversial private banking period in the early United States between Independence and the Civil War.

 

Index:

Coativy, Yves

Title:

La montagne est-elle une frontière ? : le témoignage de la circulation monétaire d'après les trésors alpins / Yves Coativy

Source:

Montagnes médiévales : XXXIVe congrès de la SHMES, Chambéry, 23-25 mai 2003. - Paris : Publ. de la Sorbonne, 2004. - P. 41-62

 

Index:

Conférence

Title:

Conférence monétaire internationale de 1878 : procès-verbaux

Published:

Paris : Impr. Nationale, 1878

 

Index:

Conférence

Title:

Conférence monétaire internationale [de 1881] : procès-verbaux / [I]: Avril-mai 1881

Published:

Paris : Impr. Nationale, 1881

 

Index:

Conférence

Title:

Conférence monétaire internationale [de 1881] : procès-verbaux. II: Juin-juillet 1881

Published:

Paris : Impr. Nationale, 1881

 

Index:

Day, John 1924-

Title:

Naissance et mort des monnaies de compte (XIIIe-XVIIIe siècles) / John Day

Source:

Revue Numismatique 153 (1998) p. 335-343

Abstract:

Panorama des systèmes de compte utilisé depuis le XIIe siècle, et survol de leur évolution jusqu'au XVIIIe siècle, en Italie (Venise, Florence, Gênes ou Naples), en France, en Espagne (Castille, Portugal, Catalogne), aux Pays-Bas ou en Angleterre.

 

Index:

De Laveleye, Émile Louis Victor 1822-1892

Title:

La monnaie bimétallique / par Émile de Laveleye

Published:

Bruxelles : Muquardt, 1876

Note:

Offprint from: Revue de Belgique 8 (1876)

 

Index:

Dieudonné, Adolphe Edmond 1868-1945

Title:

Des espèces de circulation internationale en Europe, depuis saint Louis / [A. Dieudonné]

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 22 (1920) p. 5-39

 

Index:

Dubois, Louis-Albert

Title:

La fin de l'Union Monétaire Latine / par Louis-Albert Dubois

Published:

Arbois : Guinchard, 1960

 

Index:

Fournial, Étienne 1910-

Title:

Histoire monétaire de l'occident médiéval / E. Fournial.

Published:

Paris : Nathan, 1970

 

Index:

Foville, Alfred de 1842-1913

Title:

La monnaie / A. de Foville

Published:

Paris : Lecoffre, 1907

 

Index:

Francisco Olmos, José María de 1964-

Title:

La moneda de los príncipes herederos en los Reinos de la Europa Occidental en la Baja Edad Media (s. XIV-XV) = The coins of the crown princes in the kingdoms of Western Europe in the Late Middle Age (XIV-XV C.) / José María de Francisco Olmos

Source:

Documenta & Instrumenta 2 (2004) p. 21-152

Abstract:

This items studies the institutional enhancement that the heir of the Crown wins in France and England from the middle of the XIVth century, which included the right to coin. The many cases brought as examples are as different as the political situation where they took place: while that of the Black Prince was an exception, that of the Dauphin enjoied a certain continuity. Charles of Viana was a perfect example of the struggle for power and vindication of rights, and this example was followed by Isabel of Castile.

 

Index:

Georganteli, Eurydice S.

Title:

Transposed images : currencies and legitimacy in the late medieval Eastern Mediterranean / Eurydice Georganteli

Source:

Byzantines, Latins, and Turks in the Eastern Mediterranean world after 1150 / ed. by Jonathan Harris, Catherine Holmes, and Eugenia Russell. - Oxford : Oxford University Press, cop. 2012. - (Oxford studies in Byzantium). - P. 141-179

 

Index:

Gramont, Scipion de –ca. 1638

Title:

Le denier royal : traicté curieux de l'or et de l'argent … / par Scipion de Gramont, sieur de Sainct Germain

Published:

A Paris : chez Toussainct du Bray …, 1620

 

Index:

Gschwendner, A.

Title:

Zur allgemeinen Münzeinheit : die Internationale Münzconferenz zu Paris im Jahre 1867 / Uebersetz., Einl. und Bemerkungen von Gschwendner

Published:

Erlangen : Ferdinand Enke, 1869

 

Index:

Huffman, Joseph P.

Title:

Documentary evidence of Anglo-German currency movement in the Central Middle Ages : Cologne and English sterling / Joseph P. Huffman

Source:

British Numismatic Journal 65 (1995) p. 32-45

 

Index:

Ilisch, Peter 1947-

Title:

Les monnaies de l'Empire, celles de Basse-Lotharingie incluses et l'économie monétaire en Europe aux 10e et Ile siècles / Peter Ilisch

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 143 (1997) p. 125-135, pl. 3

 

Index:

Johnson, Charles 1870-1961

Title:

The De moneta of Nicholas Oresme and English mint documents / transl. from the Latin with introd. and notes by Charles Johnson

Published:

London : Nelson, 1956

 

Index:

Kaye, Joel 1946-

Title:

Economy and nature in the fourteenth century : money, market exchange, and the emergence of scientific thought / Joel Kaye

Published:

Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2000

Abstract:

Intellectual developments pioneered by scholastic natural philosophers of the fourteenth century constituted a critical stage in the emergence of scientific thought. Beneath these technical developments lay a profound reconceptualization of nature. The purpose of this book is to analyze the components of this reconceptualization, and to speculate on the influences that shaped it. It argues that the transformation of the conceptual model of the natural world c. 1260-1380 was strongly influenced by the rapid monetization of European society during the same period.

 

Index:

Knies, Karl Gustav Adolf 1821-1898

Title:

Weltgeld und Weltmünzen / von Carl Knies

Published:

Berlin : Weidmannsche Buchhandlung, 1874

 

Index:

Koch, Bernhard 1920-1994

Title:

Wechselbeziehungen Bayern-Österreich im Münz- und Geldwesen / Bernhard Koch

Source:

Jahrbuch für Numismatik und Geldgeschichte. 22 (1972) p. 61-75

 

Index:

Le Hardy de Beaulieu, Adolphe 1814-1894

Title:

La question monétaire / par Ad. Le Hardy de Beaulieu

Published:

Paris : Guillaumin, 1874

 

Index:

Leber, Jean Michel Constant 1780-1859

Title:

Essai sur l'appréciation de la fortune privée au moyen âge, relativement aux variations des valeurs monétaires et du pouvoir commercial de l'argent : suivi d'un examen critique des tables de prix du marc d'argent, depuis l'époque de saint Louis / par M.C. Leber

Edition:

2e éd.

Published:

Paris : chez Guillaumin et Cie, 1847

 

Index:

Léon, Alphonse F.M. 1803-

Title:

La Convention monétaire du 23 décembre 1865 et l'uniformité des monnaies / par Léon

Published:

Paris : Gauthier-Villars, 1868

 

Index:

Léon, Alphonse F.M. 1803-

Title:

De l'uniformité des monnaies : notes présentées a l'Académie des Sciences et suivies d'une lettre à M. le Ministre des Finances / par Léon

Published:

Paris : Gauthier-Villars, 1868

 

Index:

Léon, Alphonse F.M. 1803-

Title:

Lettres sur la question des monnaies. [I] / par Léon

Published:

Paris : Victor Dalmont, 1857

 

Index:

Léon, Alphonse F.M. 1803-

Title:

Lettres sur la question des monnaies. [II] / par Léon

Published:

Paris : Guillaumin, 1860

 

Index:

Léon, Alphonse F.M. 1803-

Title:

Notes présentées à l'Académie des sciences sur le système métrique considéré dans son application aux monnaies / par Léon

Published:

Paris : impr. de Dubuisson, 1867

 

Index:

Lowe, Johann Simon

Title:

Zur Gold- und Silberwährungsfrage / von J.S. Lowe

Published:

Hamburg : Nestler & Melle, 1857

 

Index:

Lucassen, Johannes Mathias Wilhelmus Gerardus 1947-

Title:

Coins, currencies, and credit instruments : media of exchange in economic and social history / Jan Lucassen & Jaco Zuijderduijn

Source:

Coins, currencies and credit instruments / [guest eds,: Jan Lucassen & Jaco Zuijderduijn], - Amsterdam : University Press, 2014, - (Tijdschrift voor Sociale en Economische Geschiedenis ; 11.3). - P. 1-13

Abstract:

How, in historical societies, did people finalise transactions? Over the past few decades many economic and social historians have concerned themselves with this question, following the examples set by Douglass North and Craig Muldrew. Surprisingly, they have almost completely disregarded the most straightforward solution that historical societies had to offer, namely by usingcoins and currencies. Those scholars assumed, in part, that credit instruments were much more important in day-to-day trade. In this introduction we arguethat studies into the unequal socioeconomic distribution of media of exchange – coins, currencies, and credit instruments - reveal mechanisms thatare crucial to understanding broader social and economic processes. To this end, we discuss how the five articles in this special issue contribute to the growing literature on this topic.

 

Index:       

Mölders, Doreen

Title:

'Money is what money does', oder doch mehr? : zum Umgang mit dem Begriff 'Geld' in der ur- und frühgeschichtlichen Literatur / Doreen Mölders

Source:

ArteFact : Festschrift für Sabine Rieckhoff zum 65. Geburtstag. Tl. 1 / hrsg. von Susanne Grunwald ... [et al.]. - Bonn : Habelt, 2009. - (Universitätsforschungen zur prähistorischen Archäologie ; 172). - P. 297-310

 

Index:

Munro, John Henry Alexander 1938-

Title:

Builders’ wages in southern England and the southern Low Countries, 1346 -1500 : a comparative study of trends in and levels of real incomes / John H. Munro

Series:

MPRA paper ; no. 11209

Published:

[München] : MPRA, 2008

Note:

Offprint from: L'edilizia prima della rivoluzione industriale secc. XIII-XVIII : atti della 'Trentaseiesima settimana di studi', 26-30 aprile 2004 / a cura di Simonetta Cavaciocchi. - [Florence] : Le Monnier [2004]. - (Istituto internazionale di storia economica 'F. Datini', Prato. Ser. 2: Atti delle 'Settimane di Studi' e altri convegni ; 36) . - P. 1013-1076

Abstract:

The traditional and almost universal method of expressing real wages is by index numbers, according to the formula: RWI = NWI/CPI: i.e., the real wage is the quotient of the nominal (money) wage index divided by the consumer price index, all employing a common base period (here: 1451-75 = 100). This method is very useful in comparing long-term trends, and in ascertaining whether changes in nominal (money) wages or changes in the price level were paramount in determining changes in real wages. But it does not permit us to make any judgements about the levels of real wages and thus does not permit us to make comparisons of real wages amongst different regions. This paper presents a new method of presenting and comparing real wages, and one that may also be independent of any common base period. This particular paper compares the actual changing levels of real wages for building craftsmen and their journeymen-labourers in southern England, Flanders, and Brabant, in the late medieval era (1346-1500): and the real wage is expressed here as the number of very similar ‘baskets of consumables’ that a craftsmen and his journeyman could each purchase with his annual money wage income, based on 210 days of employment each year. Using the working papers for Phelps Brown & Hopkins’ very famous price and real-wage indexes for England (1264-1954), which were presented only in disembodied index numbers, I was able to compute the annual values of all commodities in their ‘basket of consumables’ and thus the total value in pence sterling. Herman Van der Wee had constructed a price-index for the Antwerp region (1400-1700), with annual values in pence groot Brabant (but still converted into index numbers); and I have produced a similar price index for Flanders (1348-1500), with annual values in pence groot Flemish. All three baskets have very similar contents. All wages and prices are expressed in terms of quinquennial (five-year) harmonic means The results of this comparative analysis are best expressed in the nine graphs that accompany this paper. But some brief conclusions may be stated here. First (as I had contended in two recent articles) the Black Death did not usher in a ‘golden age of the labourer’ in either England or Flanders, but was instead followed by a quarter century of falling real wages, because rampant inflation erased and countered the gains in nominal (money) wages. Real wages rose in the very late 14th and early 15th century because of a combination of institutional wage-stickiness and deflation. In the Low Countries, beset with war-induced and very inflationary coinage debasements, real wages again fell until the late 1430s, rising thereafter only with monetary stability, deflation, and ‘wage-stickiness; but then falling once more from the 1460s, because of warfare and debasement-induced inflations (to the 1490s). This evidence refutes the almost universally accepted axiom that the real wage is determined entirely by the marginal revenue product of labour. I do not, however, completely rule out the role of changes in productivity, though I offer the hypothesis that regional differences in Total Factor Productivity (and some degree of factor immobility) must be called upon to explain marked differences in real wages. The most striking difference is that, at the time of the Black Death, real wages for master building craftsmen in southern England were only a third of those enjoyed by master craftsmen in Bruges; but by the 1480s, when inflation was far more serious in Flanders than in England, that gap had narrowed to just about 80 percent of that for the Bruges craftsmen, still the best paid in north-west Europe. In Bruges, the craftsmen’s journeymen did not fare as well, however, earning only half the master’s wage, while the English journeymen came to earn two-thirds of their masters’ wage by the 15th century – and sometimes, during periods of severe debasement-induced inflations in Flanders, the English journeyman’s real wage was slightly higher than that for his Bruges counterpart. In general, English building craftsmen fared better than their counterparts in Antwerp, earning somewhat less in the early 15th century, but more in the last third of the century, when inflations from severe coinage debasements again reduced real wages in the Low Countries.

 

Index:

Munro, John Henry Alexander 1938-

Title:

The medieval origins of the Financial Revolution: usury, 'rentes', and negotiablity / John H. Munro

Series:

MPRA paper ; no. 10925

Published:

[S.l.] : MPRA, 2008

Note:

Offprint from: International History Review 25 (2003) 3 (September) p. 505-562

Abstract:

The basic thesis of this article is that the essential origins of the modern ‘financial revolution’ were the late-medieval responses, civic and mercantile, to financial impediments from both Church and State, concerning the usury doctrine, that reached their harmful fruition in the later thirteenth and early fourteenth century. That ‘financial revolution’, in terms of those national institutions for government borrowing and international finance, involving negotiable securities, in the form of annuities or rentes, and bills of exchange, is generally thought to have originated in eighteenth century England; but as James Tracy has earlier shown it first took place, on a fully national basis, in the sixteenth-century Habsburg Netherlands. The major obstacle from the Church was of course the usury doctrine, and more accurately the final evolution of this doctrine in Scholastic theology and canon law, along with the intensification of the campaign against usury from the early thirteenth century. The major obstacles that the State provided, with the spreading stain of ever more disruptive international warfare from the 1280s, were the nationalistic bullionist philosophies and related monetary-fiscal policies (to finance warfare) that together hindered the international flow of specie in later medieval Europe. For public borrowing, one must begin with the contentious policies of Venice, Florence, and other Italian city states in basing their finances on forced loans, which did pay interest, and thus with the usury controversies that erupted, over not just such loans, but the sale of interest-bearing debt certificates in secondary markets. The alternative solution, found elsewhere – first in northern French towns from the 1220s -- and one that would govern European public finance up to the nineteenth century, was to raise funds for urban governments through the sale of rentes, both life-rents (one or two lives) and hereditary or perpetual rents. These were not in fact loans but annuities, and hence they were not usurious, because the buyer of such rentes had no expectation of repayment (unless the government chose to redeem them); instead they represented the purchase of a continuous future stream of income (for at least one lifetime). Those rentiers who sought to regain some part of their invested capital had only one recourse: to seek out buyers in secondary markets. The true efficiency of modern public finance also rested upon the development of such markets and thus upon the development of full-fledged negotiablity; and public finance also depends upon satisfactory instruments to permit low risk, low cost international remittances. The solution to both problems lay in the development of the negotiable bill of exchange. Such bills, at first non-negotiable, emerged in the late thirteenth century as a response to circumvent not only the usury doctrine (to ‘disguise’ interest payments in the exchange rate) but also the almost universal bans on bullion exports. Yet another barrier that medieval English merchants faced was the virtual absence of deposit-banking because of the crown’s strict monopoly on the coinage and money supply, so that the usual origin of such banking, in private money-changing, was unavailable. Although English merchants sought remedies by using transferable commercial bills, they were not truly negotiable, for they had no legal standing in Common Law courts. But from the late thirteenth century, the Crown was incorporating the then evolving international Law Merchant into statutory law, and it also established law merchant courts, which did give such financial instruments some legal standing. In 1436, a London law-merchant court was the first, in Europe, to establish the principle that the bearer of a bill of exchange, on its maturity, had full rights to sue the ‘acceptor’ or payer, on whom it was drawn, for full payment and to receive compensation for damages. From that precedent, and then from those provided by similar law-merchant court verdicts in Antwerp and Bruges (1507, 1527), the Estates General of the Habsburg Low Countries (1537-1541) produced Europe’s first national legislation to ensure the full legal requirements of true negotiability – including the right to sue intervening assignees to whom bills had been transferred in payment. These Estates-General also legalized interest payments (up to 12%), thus permitting open discounting, another obviously essential feature of modern finance, private and public. Antwerp itself, with the foundation of its Bourse in 1531, became the international financial capital of Europe, especially as a secondary market in national rentes – the very instrument that became the foundation of English public finance, in the form of annuities, from the 1690s.

 

Index:

Munro, John Henry Alexander 1938-

Title:

Money, prices, wages, and 'Profit Inflation' in Spain, the Southern Netherlands, and England during the Price Revolution era : ca. 1520-ca. 1650 / John H. Munro

Source:

História e Economia 4 (2008) 1 p. 13-71

Abstract:

This article re-examines Earl Hamilton’s famous 1929 thesis on ‘Profit Inflation’ and the ‘birth of moder industrial capitalism’ during the Price Revolution era (c. 1520 - c. 1650), and the views of his numerous critics. Based on new data, my conclusions differ from both: while finding more evidence for profit inflation in England for this era than his critics would admit, I found none for the southern Netherlands, where industrial wages tended to rise more than industrial prices. This study concludes with a brief examination of the effects on inflation on two other factor costs: land, in terms of real rents, and capital, in terms of real interest rates, which did fall with inflation. Both such costs did lag behind industrial prices in early-modern England and the Low Countries, though real interest rates lagged more than did real rents.

 

Index:

Munro, John Henry Alexander 1938-

Title:

Wage-stickiness, monetary changes, and real incomes in late-medieval England and the Low Countries, 1300-1500 : did money matter? / John Munro

Series::

MPRA paper ; no. 10846

Published:

[S.l.] : MPRA, 2008

Note:

Offprint from: Research in Economic History 21 (2003) p. 185-297

Abstract:

The primary explanation for the marked rise in real wages in both England and Flanders, from the later fourteenth to mid fifteenth centuries, was a combination of institutional wage stickiness and deflation. In both countries, nominal wages had indeed risen after the Black Death (1348), but so had the cost of living, with a rampant inflation that lasted until the late 1370s in England and the late 1380s in Flanders. Thereafter, consumer prices fell sharply but money wages did not – or, in Flanders, not as much as did consumer prices. The other thesis of this paper is that these later medieval price movements were fundamentally monetary in nature.

 

Index:

Nahuys, Maurin Théodore Corneille Florent Napoléon 1832-1895

Title:

De l'établissement d'une monnaie universelle / par Maurin T.-C.-F.-N. Nahuys

Published:

Utrecht : Kemink, 1865

 

Index:

Nahuys, Maurin Théodore Corneille Florent Napoléon 1832-1895

Title:

État de la question de l'uniformité des monnaies, des poids et des mesures : traité économique et statistique / par Maurin Nahuys

Published:

Paris : Guillaumin, 1865

 

Index:

Nahuys, Maurin Théodore Corneille Florent Napoléon 1832-1895

Title:

La question de l'uniformité internationale des monnaies : considérée au point de vue historique / [Maurin Nahuys]

Published:

Utrecht : Kemink, 1869

Note:

Offprint from: Revue de la Numismatique Belge 5e sér. 1 (1869) p. 330-363 ; 2 (1870) p. 22-50

 

Index:

Nederlandsch Handelsmagazijn

Title:

Handleiding ter algemeene muntenkennis of tabellen der werkelijk gemunte geldsoorten : voor alle natiën der wereld ... : repertorium voor handels-, bankiers- en wisselhandels-kantoren enz.

Published:

Amsterdam : Gebr. Diederichs, 1841

 

Index:

Nicklis, Hans-Werner

Title:

Nahmarktlandschaft und Fernhandelslandschaft : über die unterschiedliche Entwicklung in Frankreich und Deutschland (10.-12. Jhd.) / Hans-Werner Nicklis

Source:

Hamburger Beiträge zur Numismatik 36-38 (1982-1984) p. 15-34

 

Index:

Nohejlová-Prátová, Emanuela 1900-1995

Title:

Numismatische Beiträge zum Studium der Geschichte der Löhne und Preise / Emanuela Nohejlova-Pratova

Source:

Hamburger Beiträge zur Numismatik 22-23 (1968-1969) p. 425-442

 

Index:

Praun, Georg Septimus Andreas von 1701-1786

Title:

Gründliche Nachricht von dem Münzwesen insgemein, insbesondere aber von dem teutschen Munzwesen älterer und neuerer Zeiten : wie auch von dem französischen, spanischen, niederländschen, englischen und dänischen Münzwesen / des Freiherrn von Praun …

Edition:

3., hin und wieder verb. ... vermehrte Aufl.

Published:

Leipzig : in der Weygandschen Buchhandlung, 1784

 

Index:

Redman, William

Title:

Illustrated hand book of information on money currency & precious metals ... : hallmarks and date-letters from 1509 to 1920 on ecclesiastical and domestic plate ... and other useful ... information ... / by William Redman

Published:

Bradford : Redman, [1920]

 

Index:

Rochussen, Willem Frederik 1832-1912

Title:

Mémoire sur le bimétallisme international et le moyen juste de le réaliser : (primé dans le concours-Cernuschi) / par Rochussen

Published:

La Haye : Belinfante, 1890

 

Index:

Rochussen, Willem Frederik 1832-1912

Title:

Na twintig jaren : sociale quaestie en muntquaestie / door Rochussen

Published:

's-Gravenhage : Smits, 1893

 

Index:

Rigold, Stuart Eborall 1919-1980

Title:

The trail of the Easterlings / by S.E. Rigold

Source:

British Numismatic Journal 26 (1949-1951) p. 31-55

 

Index:

Samter, Adolph 1824-1883

Title:

Die Reform des Geldwesens / von Adolph Samter

Published:

Berlin : Springer, 1869

 

Index:

Santiago Fernández, Javier de 1966-

Title:

Relaciones monetarias entre Castilla y Génova durante el reinado de Carlos II / Javier de Santiago Fernández

Source:

Rivista Italiana di Numismatica 109 (2008) p. 303-332

 

Index:

Sesiano, Jacques

Title:

Problèmes relatifs au change dans les textes mathématiques latins du XIIe siècle / Jacques Sesiano

Source:

Revue Numismatique 167 (2011) p. 135-150

Abstract:

In two of the earliest mathematical texts written or translated in Spain during the 12th century we find problems involving exchange of moneys. They are the Liber augmenti et diminutionis, a translation from the Arabic, and the Liber mahameleth, a work originally written in Latin but relying on moresque sources as well. The purpose of this study is to present some examples and their mathematical treatment.

 

Index:

Seyd, Ernst 1833-1881

Title:

The fall in the price of silver : its causes, its consequences, and their possible avoidance, with special reference to India / by Ernest Seyd

Published:

London : Henry S. King & Co., 1876

 

Index:

Soetbeer, Adolf Georg 1814-1892

Title:

Edelmetall-Produktion und Werthverhältniss zwischen Gold und Silber seit der Entdeckung Amerika's bis zur Gegenwart / von Adolf Soetbee

Series:

Petermann's Mittheilungen. Ergänzungsh. ; no. 57

Published:

Gotha : Perthes, 1879

 

Index:

Soetbeer, Adolf Georg 1814-1892

Title:

Litteraturnachweis über Geld- und Münzwesen, insbesondere über den Währungsstreit, 1871-1891 : mit geschichtlichen und statistischen Erläuterungen / von Adolf Soetbeer

Published:

Berlin : Puttkammer & Mühlbrecht, 1892

 

Index:

Spufford, Peter 1934-

Title:

How rarely did medieval merchants use coin? / Peter Spufford ; met een commentaar door Joost Jonker ; [red.: Arent Pol]

Series:

Van Gelder-lezing ; 5

Published:

Utrecht : Geldmuseum, 2008

 

Index:

Spufford, Peter 1934-

Title:

The mint buildings of medieval Europe / Peter Spufford

Source:

XIII Congreso Internacional de Numismática, Madrid, 2003 : actas = proceedings = actes. II / ed. por Carmen Alfaro, Carmen Marcos y Paloma Otero. - Madrid : Ministerio de Cultura, Subdirección General de Publicaciones, Información y Documentación, 2005. - P. 1059-1065

 

Index:

Spufford, Peter 1934-

Title:

Money and its use in medieval Europe / Peter Spufford

Published:

Cambridge [etc.] : Cambridge University Press, 1988

Abstract:

This is a full-scale study of the history of money, not merely of coinage, to have been written for medieval Europe. The book is not limited to one country, or to any one period or theme, but extracts the most important elements for the historian across the broadest possible canvas. Its scope extends from the mining of precious metals on the one hand, to banking, including the use of cheques and bills of exchange, on the other. Chapters are arranged chronologically, rather than regionally or thematically, and offer a detailed picture of the many and changing roles played by money, in all its forms, in all parts of Europe throughout the Middle Ages. Thus money is seen as having differing values for differing parts of individual societies. The book shows money moving and changing as a result of war and trade and other political, economic and ecclesiastical activities without regard for national barriers or the supposed separation between 'East' and 'West'.

 

Index:

Stahl, Alan Michael 1947-

Title:

Coins for trade and for wages : the development of coinage systems in Medieval Venice / Alan M. Stahl

Source:

Wages and currency : global comparisons from antiquity to the twentieth century / ed. by Jan Lucassen. - Bern : Lang, cop. 2007. - (International and comparative social history ; 10). - P. 193-209

 

Index:

Stahl, Alan Michael 1947-

Title:

European minting and the balance of payments with the Islamic world in the later Middle Ages / Alan M. Stahl

Source:

Relazioni economiche tra Europa e mondo islamico secc. XIII-XVIII : atti della 'Trentottesima Settimana di Studi', 1-5 maggio 2006 / a cura di Simonetta Cavaciocchi. - Firenze : LeMonnier, 2007. - (Settimane di studi e altri convegni ; 38). - P. 889-904 

 

Index:

Stahl, Alan Michael 1947-

Title:

The Mediterranean melting pot : monetary crosscurrents of the twelfth through fifteenth centuries / Alan M. Stahl

Source:

Renaissance encounters : Greek East and Latin West / ed. by Marina S. Brownlee and Dimitri H. Gondicas. - Leiden [etc.] : Brill, 2013. - (Medieval and Renaissance authors and texts ; vol. 8). - P. 241-262

 

Index:

Steuer, Heiko 1939-

Title:

Münzprägung, Silberströme und Bergbau um das Jahr 1000 in Europa : wirtschaftlicher Aufbruch und technische Innovation / Heiko Steuer

Source:

Aufbruch ins zweite Jahrtausend : Innovation und Kontinuität in der Mitte des Mittelalters / hrsg. von Achim Hubel und Bernd Schneidmüller. - Ostfildern : Thorbecke, 2004. - P. 117-149

 

Index:

Travaini, Lucia

Title:

La quarta crociata e la monetazione nell' area mediterranea / Lucia Travaini

Published:

Venezia : Istituto Veneto di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti, 2006

Source:

Offprint from: Quarta crociata : Venezia, Bisanzio, Impero Latino / a cura di Gherardo Ortalli, Giorgio Ravegnani, Peter Schreiner. - Venezia : Istituto Veneto di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti, 2006. - P. 525-543 

 

Index:

Velde, François R.

Title:

On the evolution of specie : circulation and weight loss in 18th and 19th century coinage / François R. Velde

Source:

Revue Numismatique 170 (2013) p. 605-650

Abstract:

I measure the parameters of coin wear using data collected in the 19th century. A comparison across denominations and countries shows that coin wear (in relative terms) is linear in the logarithm of coin value. Data from coin hoards of the 18th and early 19th centuries yield similar estimates of mean coin wear, showing that hoards provide useful information. Finally, under assumptions of normality for initial coin weights and coin loss I use maximum likelihood estimation to recover the parameters of the wear process from a sample of coins whose age is unknown. The method performs well on the hoard data (for which the age is known and can serve as a check).

 

Index:

Wolff, Philippe 1913-2001

Title:

Monnaie et développement économique dans l'Europe médiévale / par Philippe Wolff

Source:

Histoire, Économie et Société 1 (1982) 4 p. 491-510

 

Index:

Zabinski, Zbigniew

Title:

L'Indice biologique du pouvoir d'achat de la monnaie / [Zbigniew Zabinski]

Source:

Annales (1968) 4 (juillet-août) p. 808-818

 

Index:

Zaoral, Roman

Title:

Silver and glass in trade contacts between Bohemia and Venice / Roman Zaoral

Source:

Akten des 5. Österreichischen Numismatikertages, Enns, 21-22. Juni 2012 / hrsg. von Michael Alram, Hubert Emmerig und Reinhardt Harreither. - Enns ; Linz : Gesellschaft für Landeskunde und Denkmalpflege Oberösterreich, 2014. - (Forschungen in Lauriacum ; Bd. 15). - P. 149-165