28. Northern Africa, Cyrene, Punic

Index:

Alfen, Peter Gerritt van

Title:

The beginnings of coinage at Cyrene : weight standards, trade, and politics / Peter van Alfen

Source:

Le monete di Cirene e della Cirenaica nel Mediterraneo : ‘problemi e prospettive’ : atti del V Congresso Internazionale di Numismatica e di Storia Monetaria Padova, 17-19 marzo 2016 / a cura di Michele Asolati. - Padova : Esedra, 2016. - (Numismatica Patavina ; 13). - P. 15-32

Abstract:

Since the 19th tcentury, commentators have been puzzled by the use of the (Attic-)Euboic weight standard for the earliest coins produced in Cyrenaica. On the face of it, it makes little sense that settlements of Doric origins with strong social and political ties to the Pelopponese, Cyclades, and Crete would produce coins on the Euboic standard rather than something more culturally appropriate, like the Aeginetan. Given Cyrenaica’s fame as an exporter of silphium and grain, however, and the fact that archaic Cyrenaican coins have been found in Egyptian and Near Eastern hoards, long distance trade seems the likeliest impetus for the selection of the Euboic weight standard. But why exactly? In this paper, I consider the role that coinage and weight standards generally may have played in archaic long-distance trade networks, before turning to the specific problem of Cyrenean politics, trade and the incentives authorities may have had for selecting an unanticipated weight standard.

 

Index:

Alföldi, Andreas 1895-1981

Title:

Juba I. und die Pompeianer in Afrika / Andreas Alföldi

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 32 (Dezember 1958) p. 103-108, pl. 1-4 ; 33 (April 1959)  p. 1-5

 

Index:

Amandry, Michel 1949-

Title:

Le monnayage Augustéen de Leptis Minor (Byzacène) / Michel Amandry

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 129 (Februar 1983) p. 11-14

 

Index:

Amela Valverde, Luis

Title:

Emisiones reales mauretanas (49-25 a.C.) / Luis Amela Valverde

Source:

Numisma 256 (2012) p. 29-43

Abstract:

The expansion of the Roman Republic in the Mediterranean area brought about not only the expansion of its own coinage but also that of its metrology and iconography. The case of the issues from the kingdom of Mauretania before its first annexation to Rome is a good example.

 

Index:

Asolati, Michele

Title:

A proposito di alcune questioni di numismatica cirenaica / Michele Asolati

Source:

Quaderni di Archeologia del Veneto 24 (2008) p. 179-203

 

Index:

Asolati, Michele

Title:

Le ‘antiche Monete della Cirenaica’ nella letteratura numismatica tra Ottocento e Novecento : genesi della ‘nummologia’ della ‘Pentapolitana Regio’ / Michele Asolati

Series:

Polymnia ; 4

Published:

Trieste : EUT, 2014

Abstract:

The coinage of ancient Cyrenaica stimulated and keeps on stimulating the interest of historians, numismatists and collectors, especially in reason of the recurrence of the coin type of silphium, a now extinct plant, once used for its medicinal and probably also hallucinogen effects by the Libyans and Greeks settled in Cyrenaica. Consequently, since the Sixteenth century this type of documentation has been used as a tool for investigating the past of the region. The volume by Michele Asolati, Le ‘antiche Monete della Cirenaica’nella letteratura numismatica tra Ottocento e Novecento. Genesi della nummologia della Pentapolitana Regio, outlines the history of the studies of this particular source, through the long and sometimes tortuous path which, during four centuries, leads to the more conscious and sophisticated elaborations of the second half of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. This work combines both the dissertation and the anastatic re-editions of some of the most significant publications of the scholars who between nineteenth and twentieth centuries laid the foundations of Cyreniac numismatics, such as Celestino Cavedoni and Adolphe Duchalais, coming up to the almost unknown text by Silvio Ferri, published in Benghazi in 1924, a few years before the edition of the volume by Robinson, which is still today to be considered of a capital relevance on this topic. Starting from the little evidence of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries the volume considers the more fruitful studies of the eighteenth century, more specifically of the second half of this century, when the refinement of new numismatic tools, and in particular the use of coin finds, allowed less uncertain acquisitions. This evolution is made of uncertain interpretations, of antiquarian inventions, of attributions which are often the result of the imagination or of the “libido innovandi” of the scholars, which so frequently leave a heavy legacy on subsequent studies, until the Nineteenth century when archaeological expeditions in Cyrenaica and a new scientific approach allow to define the structure of the Greek and Roman monetary production in this region.

 

Index:

Blanchet, Jules Adrien 1866-1957

Title:

Observations sur les monnaies trouvées dans le quartier de la Marine d'Alger / par Adrien Blanchet

Source:

Comptes-rendus des séances de l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres 85 (1941) 4 p. 272-277

 

Index:

Bompois, Hubert Ferdinand 1813-

Title:

Médailles grecques autonomes frappées dans la Cyrénaïque : notice, accompagnée d’explications nouvelles sur différents points de numismatique et d’antiquite / par Ferdinand Bompois

Published:

Paris : Rollin et Feuardent, 1869

 

Index:

Bousquet, Jean

Title:

Une statère d'or de Cyrène sur la côte du Finistère / par Jean Bousquet

Source:

Comptes-rendus des séances de l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres 104 (1960) 1 p. 317-323

 

Index:

Buttrey, Theodore V. 1929-

Title:

The coins and the cult / T.V. Buttrey

Source:

Expedition 34 (1992) 1-2 p. 59-65

 

Index:

Callataÿ, François Philippe Edouard Léon de 1961-

Title:

Les tétradrachmes hellénistiques de Tripolis / François de Callataÿ

Published:

Lugano : [s.n., 1993]

Note:

Offprint from: Quaderni Ticinesi di Numismatica e Antichità Classiche 22 (1993) p. 111-126

Abstract:

Study of the hellenistic tetradrachms of Tripolis struck between ca 105/104 and 64 BC. The die-study gives 8 different obverse dies for 85 specimens. All the obverse and reverse dies are illustrated. Metrological comparisons with Arados and Laodicea are developed but the absolute chronology can not be taken for granted, even if the issues of this coinage seem to be dated.

 

Index:

Callegarin, Laurent 1970-

Title:

Ateliers et échanges monétaires dans le 'Circuit du Détroit' / Laurent Callegarin, Fatima-Zohra El Harrif

Source:

Los cartagineses y la monetizacio ón del Mediterráneo Occidental : actas de la mesa redonda celebrada en Madrid, enero 1999 / Ma. Paz García-Bellido y Laurent Callegarin (coord.). - Madrid : Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Instituto de Historia, Dept. de Historia Antigua y Arqueología : Casa de Velázquez, 2000. - (Anejos de Archivo Español de Arqueologi ía ; 22). - P. 23-42

 

Index:

Callegarin, Laurent 1970-

Title:

Coinages with Punic and Neo-Punic legends of Western Mauretania : attribution, chronology and currency circulation / Laurent Callegerin

Source:

Money, trade and trade routes in pre-Islamic North Africa / ed. by Amelia Dowler and Elizabeth R. Galvin. - London : British Museum Press, cop. 2011. – P. 41-48

 

Index:

Callegarin, Laurent 1970-

Title:

La côte Mauretanienne et ses relations avec le littoral de la Betique (fin du IIIe siècle A.C.-Ier siècle P.C.) / Laurent Callegarin

Source:

Mainake 30 (2008) p. 289-328

Abstract:

Between the end of the 3rd C.B.C. and the annexation of the Kingdom of Mauretania by Claudius the 40-42nd. B.C., the 'Circle of the Straits' – a cultural entity aroused at the Straits of Gibraltar – underwent a deep transformation, under the effect of Rome, a transformation of its production and trading plans, which were established since the 8th C.B.C. Beyond this metamorphosis, this paper studies the unbalanced relationships between the two member countries of the «Circle of the Straits» taking into account the harbouring capacity of the African coast, the use of the coins in Mauretania, and the evolution of the fishing activity.

 

Index:

Callegarin, Laurent 1970-

Title:

Une émission monétaire inédite de l’atelier de Lixus / Laurent Callegarin et Pere Pau Ripollès

Source:

Bulletin d’Archeologie Marrocaine 22 (2012) p. 176-186

Abstract:

Émission inédite ne se contente pas d’apporter un simple complément aux séries monétaires lixitaines. Elle permet de s’interroger non seulement sur la précocité de la frappe monétaire de l’atelier de l’ancienne colonie phénicienne, mais également sur l’identité de la divinité gravée au droit. Cette émission constitue un jalon fondamental vers la compréhension de l’activité de l’atelier monétaire lixitain en lien avec les autres régions du Cercle du Détroit.

 

Index:

Callegarin, Laurent 1970-

Title:

Las monedas de Lixus / L. Callegarin, P.P. Ripollès

Source:

Lixus-3 : area suroeste del sector monumental (Cámaras Montalbán) 2005-2009 / Carmen Aranegui y Hicham Hassini editores scientíficos. - Valencia : Universitat de València, Facultat de geografia i història, Departament de prehistòria i arqueologia, 2010. – P. 151-186

 

Index:

Callegarin, Laurent 1970-

Title:

Les monnaies préromaines de BB‛T-Bab(b)a de Maurétanie / Laurent Callegarin et Abdelaziz El Khayari

Source:

Proceedings of the XIV International Numismatic Congress, Glasgow 2009. I / ed. by Nicholas Holmes. - Glasgow : [International Numismatic Council]. 2011. – P. 81-88

 

Index:

Carroccio, Benedetto 1964-

Title:

Spunti e modi della propaganda annibalica nelle monetazioni della II guerra punica / Benedetto Carroccio

Source:

Fenici e Italici, Cartagine e la Magna Grecia : popoli a contatto, culture a confronto : atti del Convegno Internazionale, Cosenza, 27-28 maggio 2008. II: Rivista di studi fenici XXXVII, 1-2, 2009 / a cura di Maria Intrieri e Sergio Ribichini. - Pisa ; Roma : Serra, 2011. - P. 35-51

 

Index:

Cavedoni, Venanzio Celestino 1795-1865

Title:

Osservazioni sopra le monete antiche della Cirenaica / [Celestino Cavedoni]

Published:

Modena : per gli eredi Soliani, 1843

 

Index:

Charrier, Louis 1846-1923

Title:

Description des monnaies de la Numidie et de la Maurétanie : et leur prix basé sur le degré de rareté / par Louis Charrier

Published:

Bone : typographie Alexandre Carle, 1866

 

Index:

Crisafulli, Cristina

Title:

Presenza di moneta 'straniera' di età greca romana in Cirenaica dagli scavi urbinati e dal medagliere del Museo Archeologico di Cirene / Cristina Crisafulli

Source:

Cirene greca e romana / a cura di Mario Luni. - Roma : 'L'Erma' di Bretschneider, 2014. - (Cirene 'Atene d'Africa' ; 7). - P. 333-353

 

Index:

Falbe, Christian Tuxen 1791-1849

Title:

Numismatique de l'ancienne Afrique. Vol. I: Les monnaies de la Cyrénaïque / ouvrage préparé et commmencé par C.T. Falbe et J.Chr. Lindberg, réfait, achevé et publié par L. Müller

Published:

Copenhague : impr. de Bianco Luno, 1860

 

Index:

Falbe, Christian Tuxen 1791-1849

Title:

Numismatique de l'ancienne Afrique. Vol. II: Les monnaies de la Syrtique, de la Byzacène et de la Zeugitane / ouvrage préparé et commmencé par C.T. Falbe et J.Chr. Lindberg, réfait, achevé et publié par L. Müller

Published:

Copenhague : impr. de Bianco Luno, 1861

 

Index:

Falbe, Christian Tuxen 1791-1849

Title:

Numismatique de l'ancienne Afrique. Vol. III: Les monnaies de la Numidie et de la Mauritanie / ouvrage préparé et commmencé par C.T. Falbe et J.Chr. Lindberg, réfait, achevé et publié par L. Müller

Published:

Copenhague : impr. de Bianco Luno, 1862

 

Index:

Fernández Uriel, María Pilar

Title:

Monedas púnicas de Rus-Addir (Melilla) / Pilar Fernández Uriel ... [et al.]

Source:

El mundo púnico : religión, antropología y cultura material : actas II Congreso Internacional del Mundo Púnico, Cartagena, 6-9 de abril de 2000 / ed. A. González Blanco, G. Matilla Séiquer, A. Egea Vivancos. - Murcia : Universidad de Murcia, Instituto del Próximo Oriente Antiguo, Área de Historia Antigua, 2004. - P. 183-194

 

Index:

Ferron, Jean

Title:

Le caractère solaire du dieu de Carthage / [Jean Ferron]

Source:

Africa (1966) 1 p. 41-59, pl. 1-2

 

Index:

Fischer-Bossert, Wolfgang

Title:

The didrachm coinage of Magas / Wolfgang Fischer-Bossert

Source:

Le monete di Cirene e della Cirenaica nel Mediterraneo : ‘problemi e prospettive’ : atti del V Congresso Internazionale di Numismatica e di Storia Monetaria Padova, 17-19 marzo 2016 / a cura di Michele Asolati. - Padova : Esedra, 2016. - (Numismatica Patavina ; 13). - P. 57-64

Abstract:

The didrachm coinage of Cyrene in the early third century has not been revised since 1980 when Otto Mørkholm dated it to the late fourth rather than the early third century. Due to recent re-datings of the coinage of Ptolemy I, some modifications are inevitable. It will be argued that the Cyrenian didrachms were issued only in the time of Magas (c. 300-c. 250 BC). However, both hoards and the amount of the Magas didrachm coinage indicate that the issuance covered a much shorter time-span. According to the historical settings, the earliest didrachms must have been issued no later than 294 BC, and the latest might be dated to Magas’ campaign against Ptolemy II, 274 BC.

 

Index:

Frey-Kupper, Susanne 1958-

Title:

Coins and their use in the Punic Mediterranean : case studies from Carthage to Italy from the fourth to first century BCE / Suzanne Frey-Kupper

Source:

The Punic Mediterranean : identities and identification from Phoenician settlement to Roman rule / ed. by Josephine Crawley Quinn and Nicholas C. Vella. - Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, cop. 2014. - (British School at Rome studies0. - P. 76-108

 

Index:

Frey-Kupper, Susanne 1958-

Title:

A stone mould from Bir Messaouda (Carthage) for Carthaginian bronze coins of the Second Punic War : preliminary notes / Susanne Frey-Kupper

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 88 (2009) p. 185-192

Abstract:

A fragment of a bivalve stone coin-mould for Punic bronzes discovered during the 2000 excavations of the Amsterdam University team at Bir Messaouda (Carthage) is presented and discussed. The possible types for which the mould was prepared range from SNG Cop. 307–314, and possibly also 315–323. They include at least coins similar to SNG Cop. 309–313, with aleph before, and sade below the horse. They date of the latest phase of the second war against Rome, were probably produced to meet the needs of small change in a difficult period, and attest to a still functioning local economy. A cast coin conserved at the Bibliothèque nationale de France in Paris, and a now dispersed hoard discovered in 1976–1977 in Tunisia that included both struck and cast bronzes of this type, provide further evidence for the existence and use of cast coins produced by moulds of this type.

 

Index:

Gorini, Giovanni 1941-

Title:

Cirene arcaica : nuove prospettive numismatiche / Giovanni Gorini

Source:

Cirene e la Cirenaica nell'antichità : atti del convegno internazionale di studi ; Roma-Frascati, 18-21 dicembre 1996. Vol. I / a cura di Mario Luni. - Roma : 'L'Erma' di Bretschneider, 2010. - P. 83-89

 

Index:

Huss, Werner

Title:

Die Libyer Mathos und Zarzas und der Kelte Autaritos als Prägeherrn / Werner Huss

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 150 (Mai 1988) p. 30-33

 

Index:

Jaworski, Piotr

Title:

Alexandrian bronze coins of Cleopatra VII and Augustus found in Ptolemais, Cyrenaica / Piotr Jaworski

Source:

Archeologia 60 (2009) p. 27-34

Abstract:

The deep need of bronze coins (especially petty denominations), characteristic of the cities of the Libyan Pentapolis, is a common trait shared by the overwhelming majority of urban areas during the late Republic and early Empire. The demand for bronze coinage in the first decades of the Roman Empire made the Cyrenaican monetary system considerably receptive and flexible. It is in this context that the author proposes to interpret the Cyrenaican finds of bronze coins of Cleopatra VII and Augustus struck in Alexandria, among which eight were found in Ptolemais. The influx of Alexandrian bronzes to the cities of the Libyan Pentapolis seems to be connected with the presence of the Roman army in Cyrenaica under Augustus and Tiberius, especially with the legio III Cyrenaica which presumably had come from Egypt during the Marmaric war.

 

Index:

Jaworski, Piotr

Title:

Countermarks on the coins struck in Cyrenaica under Tiberius / Piotr Jaworski ; [transl. by Dorota Dzierzbicka]

Source:

Palamedes 5 (2010) p. 167-177

Abstract:

This paper reassesses the phenomenon of the Roman countermarked coins, following the recent discovery of two new specimens by the Polish archaeological mission in Ptolemais in 2006 (one more, in a private collection in Warsaw, was also found there). They are bronze dupondii commemorating Drusus the Younger and were struck under Tiberius in Cyrene. It is argued that the image on the countermarks from Cyrene is an oval composition combining schematic images of two Roman cult instruments: the lituus and the simpulum. The countermarks seem to be applied to prolong the use of illegible coins in order to neutralize the effect of the shortage of bronze coins of the highest denomination in Cyrene. This practice seems to be effective in the 40s–60s of the first century AD.

 

Index:

Jaworski, Piotr

Title:

Some remarks on the coins in circulation in Ptolemais / Piotr Jaworski

Source:

Le monete di Cirene e della Cirenaica nel Mediterraneo : ‘problemi e prospettive’ : atti del V Congresso Internazionale di Numismatica e di Storia Monetaria Padova, 17-19 marzo 2016 / a cura di Michele Asolati. - Padova : Esedra, 2016. - (Numismatica Patavina ; 13). - P. 293-303

Abstract:

In 2001-2010, a Polish archaeological expedition of the University of Warsaw conducted excavations in Ptolemais, a city located on the western coast of Cyrenaica. In one of the centrally located insulae the team brought to light remains of urban residential buildings. The oldest phases of use of the investigated houses can be dated to the Hellenistic period, but the most impressive remains, especially the so-called House of Leukaktios, represent the period of the city’s golden age from the second half of the 2nd to the first half of the 3rd century. Coin finds recovered in the recent years in Ptolemais provide an accurate record of the history of the studied insula, and on a broader scale reflect the past of the entire region. Above all, however, they provide an opportunity to glimpse the structure of the monetary mass in circulation in this major port city of the Pentapolis.

 

Index:

Jaworski, Piotr

Title:

An unknown coin of Pupius Rufus struck in Cyrenaica / Piotr Jaworski

Source:

Wiadomości Numizmatyczne 53 (2009) p. 183-192

 

Index:

Kormikiari, Maria Cristina Nicolau

Title:

Norte da África na antiguidade : os reis berberes númidas e suas iconografias monetárias / Maria Cristina Nicolau Kormikiari

Source:

Revista do Museu de Arqueologia e Etnologia 17 (2007) p. 251-292

 

Index:

Kormikiari, Maria Cristina Nicolau

Title:

Numidian royal portrait / Maria Cristina Nicolau Kormikiari

Source:

XIII Congreso Internacional de Numismática, Madrid, 2003 : actas = proceedings = actes. I / ed. por Carmen Alfaro, Carmen Marcos y Paloma Otero. - Madrid : Ministerio de Cultura, Subdirección General de Publicaciones, Información y Documentación, 2005. - P. 349-356

 

Index:

Lazzarini, Lorenzo 1947-

Title:

Note sull'inizio della monetazione, su una piccola collezione di nummi enei e su due inediti / Lorenzo Lazzarini

Source:

Rivista Italiana di Numismatica 115 (2014) p. 91-106

Abstract:

The first part of this paper proposes a new date for the beginning of coinage in Cyrene. Drawing on an analysis of the sequence of the reverse incuse types of the known Archaic tetradrachms, it is argued that the earliest coins of Cyrene were issued at the beginning of the reign of King Arcesilaus III (530-510 B.C.). An unpublished single-relief obol of the last archaic emissions is also prosented. The second part of the paper deals with a small group of eight Cyrenaean coins found by an Italian physician on the site of the ancient city (modern Shahat) at the time of the Italian occupation of Cyrenaica. The group includes an unpublished coin dating to the earliest bronze coinage of the city.

 

Index:

Le Rider, Georges 1928-

Title:

Monnaies trouvées à Mirgissa / Georges Le Rider

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 11 (1969) p. 28-35, pl. 3

 

Index:

Levy, Moritz Abraham 1817-1872

Title:

Zur phönizischen Münzkunde Mauritaniens : Münzen von Syphax, Vermina und Bochus / von M.A. Levy

Source:

Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft 18 (1864) p. 573-581

 

Index:

Levy, Moritz Abraham 1817-1872

Title:

Zur phönizischen Münzkunde Nordafrikas (Münzen von Leptis, Oea und Sabratha), und Nachträge zu den nabatäischen Inschriften / von M.A. Levy

Source:

Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft 17 (1863) p. 75-94

 

Index:

Lindberg, Jacob Christian 1797-1857

Title:

Commentatio de numis Punicis Sextorum olim Canacae et Concanae tributis / auctore Jac. Chr. Lindberg

Published:

Hauniae : typis Directoris Jani Hostrup Schultzii, 1824

 

Index:

López Sánchez, Fernando 1974-

Title:

Numidian kings and Numidian garrisons during the Second Punic War : coins and history / Fernando López Sánchez

Source:

Potestas 3 (2010) p. 17-52

Abstract:

The silver series of Apollo with a prancing horse and Punic lettering was minted in Agrigentum in the years 211/210 B.C.,1 on behalf of the main body of cavalry of the Numidian chief Mottones, whilst the bronze series of Persephone/Demeter with a prancing horse was coined in Morgantina on behalf of a smaller Numidian detachment based in that city at the same time. Mottones fought in Sicily fi rst on the side of Carthage against Rome, and then for Rome against Carthage. This change of allegiance can be traced in his Sicilian series. Th e Apollo issues with the figure of the prancing horse on the reverse provide an excellent clue for tracing all the Numidian garrisons of Hannibal and Mottones in Italy during the Second Punic War. These garrisons were based in the towns of Capua-Mons Tifata, Arpi, Salapia, Thurium, Larinum, Beneventum and Luceria at different times between the years 216 and 208/7. In Spain the series with the prancing horse were minted in Carthago Nova at the years 212/211-209, on behalf of the Numidian troops of Massinissa.

 

Index:

Manfredi, Lorenza Ilia

Title:

Cartagine e l'assetto territoriale del Nord Africa / Lorenza-Ilia Manfredi

Source:

Carthage et les autochtones de son empire du temps de Zama [Texte imprimé] : hommage à Mhamed Hassine Fantar : colloque international organisé à Siliana et Tunis du 10 au 13 mars 2004 / coordination Ahmed Ferjaoui. - Tunis : Institut National du Patrimoine, 2010. - P. 329-335

 

Index:

Manfredi, Lorenza Ilia

Title:

Monete puniche da Sabratha / Lorenza Ilia Manfredi

Source:

Quaderni di Archeologia della Libya 20 (2009) p. 93-116

 

Index:

Mazard, Jean

Title:

Le monnayage d'or des rois de Numidie et de Maurétanie / [Jean Mazard]

Source:

Revue Numismatique 5e sér. 14 (1952) p. 1-20, pl. 1-2

 

Index:

Mazard, Jean

Title:

Numismatique de l'interrègne de Maurétanie (33 à 25 av. J.-C.) / [Jean Mazard]

Source:

Revue Numismatique 5e sér. 15 (1953) p. 13-21

 

Index:

Mora Serrano, Bartolomé 1960-

Title:

Coins, cities and territories : the imaginary far west and south Iberian and North African Punic coins / Bartolomé Mora Serrano

Source:

Money, trade and trade routes in pre-Islamic North Africa / ed. by Amelia Dowler and Elizabeth R. Galvin. - London : British Museum, 2011. - (British museum research publication ; 176). - P. 20-32

 

Index:

Moreno Pulido, Elena

Title:

Numismática de la Antigua Mauritania: recorrido historiográfico y problemática actual / Elena Moreno Pulido

Source:

Numisma 258 (2014) p. 7-50

Abstract:

This paper provides a historiographic account of the research conducted on ancient Mauretanian numismatics, starting with the more solid initial stages in the identifying and cataloging of the coinage  recorded by L. Müller in the mid19th century– and concluding with the later papers covering the monetizing  of the local Mauretanian mints: Babba, Lixus, Rusaddir, Sala, Tamuda, Tingi and Zilil. Despite the relatively abundant bibliography on these coins, they still remain poorly-known, and the problems surrounding their production, seriation, dispersion and metrology are far from settled. In this regard, This paper aims to systematize the historiographic records on the subject matter and to present their updated status, with the intention of reviving interest in this coinage, which still seems to support some very rich and appealing courses of action.

 

Index:

Müller, Carl Ludvig 1809-1891

Title:

Numismatique de l'ancienne Afrique. Supplément / par L. Müller

Published:

Copenhague : impr. de Bianco Luno, 1874

 

Index:

Munzi, Massimiliano

Title:

'Et moriens pauper viaticum debet quaerere' : l'obolo funerario a Leptis Magna tra I e II sec. d.C. / par Massimiliano Munzi

Source:

Numismatique, langues, écritures et arts du livre, spécificités des arts figurés : actes du VIIe colloque international réunis dans le cadre du 121e Congrès des Sociétés Historiques et Scientifiques, Nice, 21 au 31 octobre 1996 / éd. par Serge Lancel. - Paris : Éd. du Comité des Travaux Historiques et Scientifiques, 1999. - (Histoire et archéologie de l'Afrique du Nord). - P. 93-107

 

Index:

Picard, Olivier 1940-

Title:

Remarques sur la monnaie de bronze dans l'Egypte Lagide / [Olivier Picard]

Source:

Commerce et artisanat dans l'Alexandrie hellénistique et romaine : actes du colloque d'Athènes, 11-12 décembre 1998 / éd. par Jean-Yves Empereur. -  Athènes : École française d'Athènes, 1998

 

Index:

Robinson, Edward Stanley Gotch 1887-1976

Title:

Quaestiones Cyrenaicae / [E.S.G. Robinson]

Source:

Numismatic Chronicle 4th ser. 15 (1915) p. 53-104, 137-178, 249-293, pl. 3-6

 

Index:

Svoronos, Jean Nikolaus 1863-1922

Title:

Monnaie inédite de la Cyrénaïque : au type d'Eros / [J.-N. Svoronos]

Source:

Revue Numismatique 3e sér. 10 (1892) p. 212-216

 

Index:

Stannard, Clive

Title:

Late Cyrenaican bronze coin in Central Italy / Clive Stannard, Samuele Ranucci

Source:

Le monete di Cirene e della Cirenaica nel Mediterraneo : ‘problemi e prospettive’ : atti del V Congresso Internazionale di Numismatica e di Storia Monetaria Padova, 17-19 marzo 2016 / a cura di Michele Asolati. - Padova : Esedra, 2016. - (Numismatica Patavina ; 13). - P. 157-190

Abstract:

Cyrenaican bronze coins from Rome, the River Liri, Pompeii, and Gragnano are analysed. Commonest are the small, late head of Ammon / headdress of Isis pieces (115-96 BC). There are many overstrikes on these. Rapid market growth after c. 150 BC created a growing need for small change that was not met by Roman coin. Two blocks of coin were imported for monetary use in the mid-second century BC: from Kos to central Italy, and from Ebusus to Pompeii, where a “pseudo-mint” copied Ebusus and other mints. Most Cyrenaican coins arrived after Rome was left the kingdom in 96 BC, and many were soon overstruck. They may also have been deliberately imported, but the evidence is inconclusive. They joined the mass of varied Roman, obsolete Italian, imported foreign, and imitative and informal coinages, that were all pressed, it seems, into use.

 

Index:

Ugdulena, Gregorio 1815-1872

Title:

Sulle monete punico-sicule : memoria / dell'ab. Gregorio Ugdulena

Published:

Palermo : Stabilimento tipografico di F. Lao, 1857

 

Index:

Visonà, Paolo

Title:

The serrated silver coinage of Carthage / Paolo Visonà

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 86 (2007) p. 31-56, pl. 5-7

 

Index:

Visonà, Paolo

Title:

A new wrinkle in the Mid-Carthaginian silver series / Paolo Visonà

Source:

Numismatic Chronicle 166 (2006) p. 15-23, pl. 7-8

 

Index:

Visonà, Paolo

Title:

Tradition and innovation in Carthaginian coinage during the Second Punic War / Paolo Visonà

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 88 (2009) p. 173-182, pl. 13

Abstract:

Carthaginian coinage minted during the Second Punic War exhibits both traditional and innovative features in iconography and style. Seven groups of Carthaginian coins struck between 216 211 bc show that the Carthaginians imitated foreign coin types, revived earlier Punic types, and introduced new types as they interacted with other ethnicities in southern Italy and Sicily. A rare bronze issue with a prancing horse struck at Carthage SNG Cop. 330) may be linked to the Sicilian expedition of 213 211 bc.

 

Index:

Wartenberg, Ute

Title:

Silphium, Jerboas, Genets and the coinage of Cyrene / Ute Wartenberg, Jonathan H. Kagan

Source:

Le monete di Cirene e della Cirenaica nel Mediterraneo : ‘problemi e prospettive’ : atti del V Congresso Internazionale di Numismatica e di Storia Monetaria Padova, 17-19 marzo 2016 / a cura di Michele Asolati. - Padova : Esedra, 2016. - (Numismatica Patavina ; 13). - P. 43-56

Abstract:

The British enlightenment interest in numismatics and zoology intersected at Cyrene during the 18th century. Major intellectuals like Horace Walpole and collectors like the Duke of Devonshire were fascinated by the small kangaroo like rodents called Jerboa that are found in the Libyan desert as well as on coins of Ancient Cyrene. These animals were first brought to England by the botanist James Sherard and Nicolas Haym, an Italian numismatist as well as Handel’s librettist, who was also the first to publish a coin depicting such an animal. While the available coin specimens and denominations depicting Jerboa have grown markedly since the 18th century, our knowledge of zoology seems to have lessened. These animals are frequently misidentified and the question as to why they are present on the coins at all does not seem to have advanced since 1720.