25. Egypt, Ptolemies, Alexandria

Index:

Alfen, Peter G. van

Title:

Herodotus' 'Aryandic' silver and bullion use in Persian-period Egypt / Peter G. van Alfen

Source:

American Journal of Numismatics 2nd ser. 16-17 (2004-2005) p. 7-46, pl. 2-5

Abstract:

In light of a mid-fifth c. BC Egyptian hoard containing three large planoconvex ingots and 19 coins and coin fragments, this article reviews the hoard and textual evidence for bullion use in Persian-period Egypt (c. 525-330 BC) concluding that silver bullion in the form of Hacksilber and ingots was used for a large range of monetary transactions, and that within these transactions the Egyptians recognized at least three grades of silver, the most pure of which was the 'Aryandic silver' mentioned by Herodotos (4.166).

 

Index:

Arslan, Ermanno A. 1940-

Title:

Una moneta alessandrina di IV secolo con Sarapis e il Nilo del lascito numismatico Carlo Rossi / di Ermanno A. Arslan

Source:

Annotazioni Numismatiche 24 (dicembre 1996) p. 538-546

 

Index:

Bodzek, Jarosław Artur

Title:

Naval supremacy propaganda on the coins of Ptolemy I / Jarosław Bodzek

Source:

Aegyptus est imago caeli : studies presented to Krzysztof M. Ciałowicz on his 60th Birthday / ed. by Mariusz A. Jucha, Joanna Dębowska-Ludwin and Piotr Kołodziejczyk. - Kraków : Institute of Archaeology. Jagiellonian University : Archeologica Foundation, 2014. - P. 281-289

Abstract:

Ptolemy I’s foreign policy was based on the maintenance of a thalassocracy, which allowed him to reign over his overseas possessions. However, he rarely opted for symbols alluding to maritime domination on his coinage and only a few of his issues made use of imagery relating to naval successes. Due to the changing weight standards and iconography which he employed, Ptolemy I’s coinage has been a matter of debates for several decades. The author’s aim is to examine the issues pertaining to maritime iconography (based on the recently established dating of C. C. Lorber 2005a; 2012b) in order to reconsider its possible connection with historical events.

 

Index:

Boraik, Mansour

Title:

Le trésor des bains de Karnak / Mansour Boraik, Thomas Faucher

Source:

Cahiers de Karnak 13 (2010) p. 79-100

 

Index:

Brett, Agnes Baldwin 1876-1955

Title:

A new Cleopatra tetradrachm of Ascalon / [Agnes Baldwin Brett]

Source:

American Journal of Archaeology 41 (1937) 3 (July-September) p. 452-463, pl. 9

 

Index:

Bricault, Laurent 1963-

Title:

Monnaies des nomes au Cabinet des Médailles de la Bibliothèque Royale de Belgique / Laurent Bricault

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 149 (2003) p. 43-58, pl. 3-7

 

Index:

Bricault, Laurent 1963-

Title:

Monnaies des nomes au Musée Egyptien du Caire / Laurent R. Bricault

Source:

Egyptian museum collections around the world : studies for the Centennial of the Egyptian Museum, Cairo / forew. by Zahi Hawass ; ed. by Mamdouh Eldamaty and Mai Trad. - Cairo : Supreme Council of Antiquities, cop. 2002. - P. 175-182

 

Index:

Bricault, Laurent 1963-

Title:

Le monnayage d’Auguste à Alexandrie / Laurent Bricault

Source:

César sous Auguste / textes réunis par Olivier Devillers & Karin Sion-Jenkis. - Pessac : Ausonius, 2012. - (Scripta antiqua ; 48). - P. 107-124

 

Index:

Bricault, Laurent 1963-

Title:

Sarapis au banquet : lectisternes d’Alexandrie et d’Égypte / Laurent Bricault

Source:

Revue Numismatique 170 (2013) p. 101-134

Abstract:

At least five series of coins issued by the provincial mint of Alexandria in the late second and early third centuries AD show on the reverse a lectisternium. This composition is found, with variants, on gemstones and on Egyptian and Roman terracotta of the same period. This documentary collection suggests strongly that as nourishing, healing and psychopomp gods, Sarapis, Isis, Harpocrates, Demeter and Anubis participated in numerous banquets and lectisterniums in Egypt and Rome, both as hosts and as guests. This occurred not only in response to the will of the authorities, but especially to the various needs and requests of the people, during fully socialised religious ceremonies.

 

Index:

Burnett, Andrew Michael

Title:

The rise and fall of the Roman 'sestertius' at Alexandria / Andrew Burnett

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 88 (2009) p. 225-243, pl. 17-18

Abstract:

A recently discovered and unique sestertius- sized bronze coin of Augustus can be attributed to the mint of Alexandria and is probably connected to the production of similar coins in Asia, Syria and Rome. Its discovery has also prompted a reconsideration of the production and circulation of Alexandrian bronze coins in the light of the patterns which can be observed elsewhere in the empire. It is argued that the Egyptian and non- Egyptian patterns are related, and that the large Alexandrian bronze coinage itself the drachm) was influenced directly by the Roman sestertius hence there are no larger bronze denominations in Egypt as there were elsewhere). Finally, the history of the production of Alexandrian bronze coinage in the third century is re- examined, and it is argued that the pattern is again related to the similar pattern at Rome. An appendix lists the rare and poorly documented drachms known for Claudius II. The general conclusion of this study is, therefore, that the Egyptian coinage and currency during the period of the Roman empire was less isolated and sui generis than has previously been thought.

 

Index:

Butcher, Kevin Edward Templar

Title:

The Egyptian billon tetradrachm under the Julio-Claudian emperors : fiduciary or intrinsic? / Kevin Butcher and Matthew Ponting

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 84 (2005) p. 93-124

 

Index:

Callataÿ, François Philippe Edouard Léon de 1961-

Title:

L’instauration par Ptolémée Ier Sôter d’une économie monétaire fermée / François de Callataÿ

Published:

[Le Caire] : Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale, [2005]

Note:

Offprint from: L' exception égyptienne? : production et échanges monétaires en Egypte hellénistique et romaine : actes du colloque d'Alexandrie, 13-15 avril 2002 / éd. par Frédérique Duyrat et Olivier Picard. - Le Caire : Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale, 2005. – P. 117-134

 

Index:

Cavagna, Alessandro

Title:

'Homonoia' ed 'Euthenia' su una moneta Alessandrino di Antonino Pio / di Alessandro Cavagna

Published:

[Milano] : Cisalpino, [2007]

Note:

Offprint from: Tra concordia e pace : parole e valori della Grecia antica : giornata di studio, Milano, 21 ottobre 2005 / a cura di Giovanna Daverio Rocchi. -  Milano : Cisalpino, cop. 2007. - P. 303-317

 

Index:

Cavagna, Alessandro

Title:

Le monete tolemaiche e alessandrine del Museo Civico ‘Paolo Giovio’ di Como /  Alessandro Cavagna, Maila Chiaravalle

Source:

Rivista Italiana di Numismatica 112 (2011) p. 29-54, pl. 1-5

Abstract:

The Ptolemaic and Alexandrian issues, actually displayed in the 'Paolo Giovio' Museum in Como, represent the most considerable part of the Greek coins collection. This paper is structured in two main sections: the first one contains M. Chiaravalle’s analysis of the composition and the origin of the collection; the second one offers A. Cavagna’s catalogue of the Ptolemaic (from Alexandria and Cyprus Mints) and Alexandrian coins.

 

Index:

Cavagna, Alessandro

Title:

'Un trou au milieu de la monnaie' : un’indagine intorno alle cavità centrali sulle monete tolemaiche in bronzo / Alessandro Cavagna

Source:

Rivista Italiana di Numismatica 108 (2007) p. 93-119, pl. 1-2

 

Index:         

Dattari, Giovanni 1858-1923

Title:

Appunti di numismatica alessandrina / G. Dattari

Published:

Milano : Tip. Editrice L. F. Cogliati, 1900-1904

 

Index:         

Dattari, Giovanni 1858-1923

Title:

Numi Augg. Alexandrini : catalogo della collezione G. Dattari. Vol. I: (Testo) / compil. dal proprietario

Published:

Cairo : Instituto francese d'archeologia orientale, 1901

 

Index:         

Dattari, Giovanni 1858-1923

Title:

Numi Augg. Alexandrini : catalogo della collezione G. Dattari. Vol. II: (Tavole) / compil. dal proprietario

Published:

Cairo : Instituto francese d'archeologia orientale, 1901

 

Index:

Daumas, François 1915-1984

Title:

Le problème de la monnaie dans l'Égypte antique avant Alexandre / François Daumas

Source:

Mélanges de l'Ecole française de Rome. Antiquité 89 (1977) 2 p. 425-442

 

Index:

Davesne, Alain

Title:

L'atelier monétaire d'Alexandrie au IIIe siècle av. J.-C. / [Alain Davesne]

Source:

Commerce et artisanat dans l'Alexandrie hellénistique et romaine : actes du colloque d'Athènes, 11-12 décembre 1998 / éd. par Jean-Yves Empereur. -  Athènes : École française d'Athènes, 1998. – P. 429-442

 

Index:

Davesne, Alain

Title:

L'impact des guerres de Syrie sur la politique monétaire de Ptolémée II / Alain Davesne

Source:

Revue Numismatique 155 (2000) p. 9-16

 

Index:

Duyrat, Frédérique

Title:

Le trésor de Damanhour (IGCH 1664) et la circulation monétaire en Egypte hellénistique / Frédérique Duyrat

Link:

[Le Caire] : Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale, [2005]

Note:

Offprint from: L' exception égyptienne? : production et échanges monétaires en Egypte hellénistique et romaine : actes du colloque d'Alexandrie, 13-15 avril 2002 / éd. par Frédérique Duyrat et Olivier Picard. - Le Caire : Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale, 2005. – P. 17-51

 

Index:

Dutilh, E.D.J. 1836-1905

Title:

Monnaies des nomes ou anciennes préfectures de l'Egypte du médaillier du musée d'antiquités de Ghizeh / [E.D.J. Dutilh]

Source:

Rivista Italiana di Numismatica 7 (1894) p. 35-48, pl 2-3

 

Index:

Farhi, Yoav 1974-

Title:

A note on two Ptolemaic bronze coins from Israel / Yoav Farhi and Catharine Lorber

Source:

American Journal of Numismatics 2nd ser. 24 (2012) p. 45-51

Abstract:

The authors describe two bronze coins of Ptolemy I and Ptolemy II found in the excavations of Khirbet Qeiyafa and Khirbet al-Maqatir, respectively. he Ptolemy I coin is notable for the peculiarities surrounding its production and the previously unknown Ptolemy II coin for illing a gap in the denomination sequence of that king’s reformed coinage.

 

Index:

Faucher, Thomas 1978-

Title:

Un atelier monétaire à Karnak au IIe s. av. J.-C. / Thomas Faucher … [et al.]

Source:

Bulletin de l'Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale du Caire 111 (2011) p. 143-165

Abstract:

During excavations carried out in 2008-2009 in the northern area of the Temple of Amun at Karnak, a mud brick structure of the Ptolemaic period was brought to light, leaning against the facade of the chapel of Osiris Wennefer Neb Djefau (VIth c. BC). It included combustion structures, near to which forging slags have been discovered, imitative bronze coins and a chapelet of blanks. The structure can be interpreted as a mint of the second century BC intended for the manufacture of imitative coins and may have also housed other crafts activities. The modest nature of the installation and the fact that together have been found several “official” coins, no longer in use in the second century BC, suggests that the metallurgical production in the workshop was carried out following smelting of copper alloy objects. This finding is in many respects quite exceptional because the remains of monetary mints are rare throughout the entire Mediterranean region during this period,. Comparative analysis of structures documented for ancient Greece as well as the data from experimental archaeology can refine our understanding of the operating chain in this type of workshop. Furthermore, this find pinpoints at least some of the imitative coins issued during the second half of the second century BC in Egypt and demonstrates the existence, within a sanctuary, a place of coin production which could not have been entirely clandestine.

 

Index:

Faucher, Thomas 1978-

Title:

Bronze coinage of Ptolemaic Egypt in the second century BC / Thomas Faucher and Catharine Lorber

Source:

American Journal of Numismatics 2nd ser. 22 (2010) p. 35-80, pl. 18-22

Abstract:

Drawing primarily on hoards, but also on metrological and metallurgical analyses, the authors propose a relative chronology and classification for Egyptian bronze coinage of the second century bc. This coinage is characterized by diverse obverse types that served as consistent denomination markers, even as the weights of the several denominations were reduced in piecemeal fashion. A debasement of the alloy introduced a metrologically stable currency that remained in circulation from before mid-century to 115 bc. The subtlety of the early weight reductions and the long period of stability raise doubt whether changes to the currency could have caused the much-studied price inflation of the second century.

 

Index:

Faucher, Thomas 1978-

Title:

La circulation monétaire en Égypte hellénistique / Thomas Faucher

Source:

Nomisma : la circulation monétaire dans le monde grec antique : colloque international, Athènes, 14-17 avril 2010 / éd. par Thomas Faucher, Marie-Christine Marcellesi, Olivier Picard. - Athènes : École Française d'Athènes ; Paris : De Boccard, cop. 2011. – (Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique. Suppl. ; 53). - P. 439-460

Abstract:

In Egypt, information provided by hoards and excavations coins offer the possibility of studying with accuracy the monetary movements in the Hellenistic times. The closed currency system introduced by Ptolemy I created in the kingdom an exceptional situation. On the one hand, coins found during excavations show that coins minted outside the country did not circulate on the Egyptian territory. On the other hand, we can see that our vision of the monetary development in the chôra was perhaps too related to the knowledge of texts (especially papyri). The bronze currency is present in numbers in South Egypt as soon as the beginning of the Ptolemy II’s reign. Finally, the phenomenon of the molded two eagles coins is presumably not spread over all the territory but only over the area around Alexandria and in the Fayum.

 

Index:

Faucher, Thomas 1978-

Title:

Deux coins monétaires ptolémaïques au Musée Gréco Romain d'Alexandrie / Faucher (Thomas)

Source:

Bulletin de la Société Française de Numismatique 60 (2005) 6 (juin) p. 106-111

 

Index:

Faucher, Thomas 1978-

Title:

Deux trésors de monnaies ptolémaïques trouvés à Tanis : (Tanis 1932 et Tanis 1986) / Th. Faucher

Source:

Bulletin de la Société Française des Fouilles de Tanis 23 (2009) p. 29-34

 

Index:

Faucher, Thomas 1978-

Title:

Gravure et composition métallique des monnaies lagides / Thomas Faucher

Source:

Revue Numismatique 166 (2010) p. 95-108

Abstract:

The skill of the engravers from the mint of Alexandria during the Ptolemaic period is not questionable, even if some charge of monotony the coins of the Ptolemies. Likewise, analyses of metallic content have shown early that the fineness of gold and silver coins is of good quality, and for a long period, at least until the beginning of the first century BC as regards to silver coinage. Even if it is not exactly the case for the bronze currency, analyses held at the Ernest Babelon centre highlight the quality of the monetary alloy until the half of the second century. Though, it turns out that a great care was taken of the engraving even when the coin was not produced with a fine alloy. It is natural to wonder about the correlation between the fineness of the engraving and the one of the coins metallic content.

 

Index:

Faucher, Thomas 1978-

Title:

Les monnaies égyptiennes en or de Nectanébo ii / Faucher (Thomas)

Source:

Bulletin de la Société Française de Numismatique 70 (2015) 10 (décembre) p. 278-283

 

Index:

Faucher, Thomas 1978-

Title:

Les monnaies en or aux types hiéroglyphiques 'nwb nfr' / Thomas Faucher, Wolfgang Fischer-Bossert, Sylvain Dhennin

Source:

Bulletin de l'Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale 112 (2012) p. 147-169

 

Index:

Faucher, Thomas 1978-

Title:

Le prix de l’entrée au bain en Egypte hellénistique et romaine d’après les données textuelles et numismatiques / Thomas Faucher, Bérangère Redon

Source:

25 siècles de bain collectif en Orient [Texte imprimé] : Proche-Orient, Égypte et péninsule Arabique : βαλανεια, thermae, حمّامات / éd. par Marie-Françoise Boussac ... [et al.]. - Le Caire : Institut français d'archéologie orientale, 2014. - (Etudes urbaines ; 9). - P. 835-855

 

Index:

Faucher, Thomas 1978-

Title:

Le trésor de Gézéïr (lac Mariout, Alexandrie) / Thomas Faucher et Mona Shahin

Source:

Revue Numismatique 162 (2006) p. 135-157, pl. 10-14

Abstract:

The Gezeir hoard comes from the shore of the Mariut Lake, not far from Alexandria. It consists of more than two hundred bronze coins whose majority belongs to a Ptolemaic dated coinage. This find requires a new attribution of this emission in the capital of the Ptolemies at the end of the second century during the reign of Ptolemy IX Sôter II.

 

Index:

Faucher, Thomas 1978-

Title:

Le trésor de Tell Nowa / Thomas Faucher

Source:

Bulletin de l'Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale 109 (2009) p. 105-134

Abstract:

The register of the Egyptian Museum of Cairo numismatic Department records (at the number 2775) a lot of more than 400 Ptolemaic bronze coins. This coin hoard, one of the numerous held in the numismatic collection of the Museum, sheds a new light on the Ptolemaic bronze coinage of the second century. Indeed, in those recent years, few hoards of the second century were discovered or rediscovered; this new example proves to be a vital link in the chain that will allow a reconstruction of the different monetary series that circulated in Egypt at that period. A better understanding of these series should give a more accurate view of the economic troubles that happened in Egypt in the second century BC, and in particular the so-called “inflation” on which papyri give us information.

 

Index:

Feuardent, Félix Bienaimé 1819-1907

Title:

Numismatique : Égypte ancienne. Pt. I: Monnaies des rois / par F. Feuardent

Published:

Paris : Rollin et Feuardent, 1869

 

Index:

Feuardent, Félix Bienaimé 1819-1907

Title:

Numismatique : Égypte ancienne. Pt. II: Domination romaine / par F. Feuardent

Published:

Paris : Rollin et Feuardent, 1873

 

Index:

Forrer, Leonard 1869-1953

Title:

Les monnaies de Cléopâtre VII Philopator : reine d'Égypte (52-30 av. J.C.) / [L. Forrer]

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 56 (1900) p. 5-28, 149-166, 277-292, pl. 1-2

 

Index:

Fulińska, Agnieszka

Title:

Iconography of the Ptolemaic queens on coins : Greek style, Egyptian ideas? / Agnieszka Fulińska

Source:

Studies in Ancient Art and Civilization 14 (2010) p. 73-92

 

Index:

Gautier, Georges 1938-

Title:

Deux multiples d'or de la Tétrarchie conservés à Alexandrie / Georges Gautier

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 23 (1981) p. 74-79

 

Index:

Gorre, Gilles 1975-

Title:

La monnaie de bronze lagide et les temples égyptiens : la diffusion de la monnaie de bronze en Thébaïde au IIIe siècle av. J.-C. / Gilles Gorre

Source:

Annales 69 (2014) 1 (janivier-mars) p. 91-113

Abstract:

The monetary system of Ptolemaic Egypt, established under King Ptolemy I, was composed of silver and bronze coins, the latter having only a fiduciary value. When he reformed the tax system, Ptolemy II (284-246 BCE) required the payment in bronze currency of numerous taxes – part of the proceeds of which were allotted to the temples. The clergy was therefore paid in bronze coins. Given that many Egyptians were employed by the temples, they were equally paid in bronze coins, which would explain the widespread distribution of this coinage in the country. Ptolemy II’s policy thus promoted the circulation of this form of currency.

 

Index:

Grenfell, Bernard Pyne 1869-1926

Title:   

Revenue laws of Ptolemy Philadelphus / ed. from a Greek papyrus in the Bodleian Library, with a transl., commentary, and appendices, by B. P. Grenfell ; and an introd. by J. P. Mahaffy

Published:

Oxford : Clarendon Press, 1896

 

Index:

Hackens, Tony 1939-1997

Title:

Trésor de tétradrachmes alexandrins de l'époque impériale / Tony Hackens

Source:

Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 89 (1965) 2 p. 383-389

 

Index:

Hazzard, Richard A.

Title:

The silver standard of the Ptolemaic coinage / R.A. Hazzard and I.D. Brown

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 26 (1984) p. 231-239

 

Index:

Houghton, Arthur Amory 1940-

Title:

Le deuxième fils d'Antiochos IV à Ptolémaïs / Arthur Houghton, Georges Le Rider

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 64 (1985) p. 73-85, pl. 12-13

 

Index:

Huber, Christian Wilhelm 1825-1933

Title:

Zur alten Numismatik Aegyptens. [1] / von C.W. Huber

Published:

Wien : Sebstverl. des Verfassers, 1867

Note:

Offprint from: Wiener Numismatische Monatsheften 3 (1867)

 

Index:

Huber, Christian Wilhelm 1825-1933

Title:

Zur alten Numismatik Aegyptens. [2] / von C.W. Huber

Published:

Wien : Sebstverl. des Verfassers, 1868

Note:

Offprint from: Wiener Numismatische Monatsheften 4 (1868)

 

Index:

Huber, Christian Wilhelm 1825-1933

Title:

Zur alten Numismatik Aegyptens. [3] / von C.W. Huber

Published:

Wien : Sebstverl. des Verfassers, 1869

Note:

Offprint from: Numismatische Zeitschrift 1 (1869)

 

Index:

Hultsch, Friedrich Otto 1833-1906

Title:

Die ptolemäischen Münz- und Rechnungswerte / von Friedrich Hultsch

Series:

Abhandlungen der philologisch-historischen Klasse der Königl. Sächsischen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften ; Bd. 22, Nr. 3

Published:

Leipzig : Teubner, 1903

 

Index:

Iossif, Panagiotis P.

Title:

The rays of the Ptolemies / Panagiotis P. Iossif, Catharine C. Lorber

Source:

Revue Numismatique 169 (2012) p. 197-224

Abstract:

The article offers new insight into the radiate portraits of Ptolemy III and V and the corresponding radiate cornuacopiae on the reverse of their coins. Through a complex and detailed analysis of different motifs, attributes and papyrological sources; through comparisons with inscriptions (Canopus and Memphis decrees) and with Ptolemy’s II Grand Procession, the authors conclude that these coins (mnaieia and fractions with the portrait of Ptolemy III; mnaieia with that of Ptolemy V) are part of an iconographic program representing the beneficence of the Ptolemaic kings under two related aspects: First, their role as guarantors of abundance and perpetual regeneration (by observing details as the alternate form of rays on the radiate crowns or the lotus flower on the basis of the reverse radiate cornucopiae positioning the solarised king as the source of the perpetual cycle of renewal, a kind of Master of Time). Second, the defense of Egypt and the divine order by fighting foreign wars, in particular the Syrian Wars (the disputed area of Syria and Phoenicia becomes therefore a central scope in this interpretation), materialised through military symbols (the aegis in the case of Ptolemy III and the spear head on the coins of Ptolemy V). Both of these aspects pertain to the solar, Horian nature of the kings and to their maintenance of Maat, which embodied the vital force of the sun, the life of the country, and the balance of the cosmos.

 

Index:

Jungfleisch, Marcel 1879-1958

Title:

Réflexions de 'praticien' sur les monnaies Ptolémaïques en bronze / par Marcel Jungfleisch 

Source:

Bulletin de l'Institut d'Égypte 30 (1947-1948) p. 47-60

 

Index:

Kamel, Edward

Title:

The collection of coins of the Graeco-Roman museum at Alexandria / [Edward Kamel]

Source:

Commerce et artisanat dans l'Alexandrie hellénistique et romaine : actes du colloque d'Athènes, 11-12 décembre 1998 / éd. par Jean-Yves Empereur. - Athènes : École française d'Athènes, 1998

 

Index:

Kapossy, Balázs

Title:

Alexandrinische Münzen im Bernischen Historischen Museum / Balázs Kapossy

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 45 (1966) p. 51-115, pl. 1-7

 

Index:

Kondis, Sotiris

Title:

À propos des monnayages royaux lagides en Cyrénaïque sous Ptolémée Ier et II / Sotiris Kondis

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 124 (1978) p. 23-47

 

Index:

Konuk, Koray

Title:

The Ptolemaic coins in the Bodrum Underwater Archaeology Museum / Koray Konuk

Source:

The Salmakis inscription and hellenistic Halikarnassos / ed. by Signe Isager and Poul Pedersen. - Odense : University Press of Southern Denmark, 2004. - P. 204-223

 

Index:

Kroll, John Hennig 1938-

Title:

A small find of silver bullion from Egypt / John H. Kroll

Source:

American Journal of Numismatics 2nd ser. 13 (2001) p. 1-20, pl. 1

 

Index:

Krzyzanowska, Aleksandra

Title:

Remarks on the coins of Ptolemy VI found in Egypt / Aleksandra Krzyzanowska

Source:

Notae Numismaticae 3-4 (1999) p. 45-49

 

Index:

Lach, Katarzyna

Title:

The Roman coinage of Alexandria in the reign of Domitian : the first nome coins as compared with other contemporary issues / Katarzyna Lach

Source:

Notae Numismaticae 6 (2011) p. 91-103

 

Index:

Landvatter, Thomas

Title:

The Serapis and Isis coinage of Ptolemy IV / Thomas Landvatter

Published:

New York : American Numismatic Society, 2012

Note:

Offprint from: American Journal of Numismatics 2nd ser. 24 (2012) p. 61-90, pl. 9-21

Abstract:

The Serapis and Isis silver tetradrachm issue is one of the most iconographically interesting of the Ptolemaic period. The issue can be attributed to both Ptolemy IV and V, beginning by at least the Fourth Syrian War. The emission was quite large and had a broad geographic distribution, with mints attested at Alexandria, Askalon, Sidon, and Soli. Given the issue’s chronological context, size, and geographic breadth, the choice of Serapis and Isis for the obverse can be read as a powerful ideological statement meant tosolidify support for the monarchy during a period of war and internal strife.

 

Index:

Langlois, Victor 1829-1869

Title:

Numismatique des nomes d'Égypte sous l'administration romaine / par Victor Langlois

Published:

Paris : A. Leleux, 1852

 

Index:

Lenormant, François 1837-1883

Title:

Essai sur le classement des monnaies d'argent des Lagides / par François Lenormant

Published:

Blois : Impr. Lecesne, 1855

 

Index:

Le Rider, Georges 1928-

Title:

Cléomène de Naucratis / [Georges Le Rider]

Source:

Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 121 (1997) 1 p. 71-93

 

Index:

Lichocka, Barbara

Title:

Les monnaies alexandrines trouvées à Kôm El-Dikka et quelques remarques sur l'atelier alexandrin / [Barbara Lichocka]

Source:

Suppléments au Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 33 (1998) p. 453-465

 

Index:

Lichocka, Barbara

Title:

La statue d'Aphrodite sur les monnaies de Ptolémée III / [Barbara Lichocka]

Source:

Commerce et artisanat dans l'Alexandrie hellénistique et romaine : actes du colloque d'Athènes, 11-12 décembre 1998 / éd. par Jean-Yves Empereur. -  Athènes : École française d'Athènes, 1998

 

Index:

Longpérier, Henri Adrien Prevost de 1816-1881

Title:

Monnaies du Sérapéum de Memphis : trouvaille de Myt-Rahineh / par Ad. de Longpérier

Published:

Paris : impr. de E. Thunot, [1861]

Note:

Offprint from: Revue Numismatique nouv. sér. 6 (1861)

 

Index:

Lorber, Catharine C.

Title:

An abortive era under Ptolemy IV Philopator? / Catharine C. Lorber

Source:

Studies in memory of Dan Barag / ed. by: Robert Deutsch and Boaz Zissu. - Jerusalem : Israel Numismatic Journal, 2014. - (Israel Numismatic Journal ; vol. 18). - P. 31-38

Abstract:

Ptolemaic tetradrachms with a letter gamma between the legs of the eagle were produced in several styles, indicating that they were probably products of more than one mint. Die linkage and erasures suggest they were followed by unmarked coins. The gamma-unmarked tetradrachms occur in hoards together with early issues of the Ptolemaic era coinage and show some stylistic affinities to the era coins. They can be attributed to Syria and Phoenicia under Ptolemy IV and may perhaps reflect a short-lived attempt to introduce an era based on the victory at Raphia in 217.

 

Index:

Lorber, Catharine C.

Title:

Dating the portrait coinage of Ptolemy I / Catharine C. Lorber

Source:

American Journal of Numismatics 2nd ser. 24 (2012) p. 33-44, pl. 5-7

Abstract:

Ptolemy I’s introduction of his portrait/eagle tetradrachms is dated shortly after his reconquest of Cyprus in 294 bce, and control links indicate that the reform was efected contemporaneously in Egypt, on Cyprus, and at Sidon and Tyre. Ater an initial phase of intense minting associated with this reform, other episodes of heightened production are identiied and associated with military actions of Ptolemy I and II.

 

Index:

Lorber, Catharine C.

Title:

Egyptian hoards relating to the abandonment of the Attic standard by Ptolemy I / Catharine C. Lorber

Source:

I ritrovamenti monetali e i processi storico-economici nel mondo antico / a cura di Michele Asolati, Giovanni Gorinii. - Padova : Esedra, cop. 2012. - (Numismatica Patavina ; 12). - P. 347-362

 

Index:

Lorber, Catharine C.

Title:

An Egyptian interpretation of Alexander's elephant headdres / Catharine C. Lorber

Source:

American Journal of Numismatics 2nd ser. 24 (2012) p. 21-31

Abstract:

he depiction of Alexander the Great in an elephant headdress on tetradrachms of early Hellenistic Egypt may recall the Syrian elephant hunt of the New Kingdom pharaoh hutmose III, a great conqueror in Asia. Alexander was associated with hutmose III in the temple of Amun-Ra at Karnak.

 

Index:

Lorber, Catharine C.

Title:

Large Ptolemaic bronzes in third-century Egyptian hoards / Catharine C. Lorber

Source:

American Joiurnal of Numismatics 2nd ser. 12 (2000) p. 67-92, pl. 12-17

 

Index:

Lorber, Catharine C.

Title:

The lotus of Aphrodite on Ptolemaic bronzes / Catharine C. Lorber

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 80 (2001) p. 39-52, pl. 4-6

 

Index:

Lorber, Catharine C.

Title:

Ptolemaic bronzes of Antiochus IV / Catharine Lorber

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 153 (2007) p. 31-44

Abstract:

Three bronzes of Ptolemaic type in the name of King Antiochus have long been associated with the Sixth Syrian War. These coins imitate contemporary Egyptian issues, proving their origin in Egypt, not Cyprus; thus their types do not signify the number of rulers or otherwise reveal a precise political context.  The imitative types, low weights, and poor quality separate these pieces from other coinages of Antiochus IV.  The Egyptian bronzes in his name do not advertise his claim of sovereignty over Egypt. Instead they represent a campaign currency, perhaps unofficial and perhaps intended to buy the support of native Egyptians dissatisfied with Ptolemaic rule.

 

Index:

Lorber, Catharine C.

Title:

The Ptolemaic era coinage revisited / Catharine C. Lorber

Source:

Numismatic Chronicle 167 (2007) p. 105-117

 

Index:

Lorber, Catharine C.

Title:

A revised chronology for the coinage of Ptolemy / Catharine C. Lorber

Source:

Numismatic Chronicle 165 (2005) p. 45-64

Abstract:

Ptolemy, son of Lagus, employed a variety of coin types and several different weight standards over the course of his long career as satrap and then as king. The first great student of his coinage, J.N. Svoronos, believed that the Attic standard remained in use until 305 BC, when the weights of both gold staters and silver tetradrachms were reduced to provide a new coinage for Ptolemy’s reign as king.

 

Index:

Manning, Joseph Gilbert Dominic 1959-

Title:

Coinage as 'code' in Ptolemaic Egypt / J.G. Manning

Series:

Princeton/Stanford Working Papers in Classics

Published:

[Princeton] : Manning, 2006

 

Index:

Mazard, Jean

Title:

Un denier inédit de Juba II et Cléopâtre-Sélène / Jean Mazard

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 121 (Februar 1981) p. 1-2

 

Index:

Markl, Andreas 1829-1913

Title:

Das Provinzialcourant unter Kaiser Claudius II. Gothicus. C: Alexandriner / von Andreas Markl

Source:

Numismatische Zeitschrift 33 (1901) p. 51-72, pl. 2-3

 

Index:

Meadows, Andrew R.

Title:

Athenian coin dies from Egypt : the new discovery at Herakleion / Andrew Meadows

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 157 (2011) p. 95-116

Abstract:

This article publishes a set of obverse coin dies discovered in the IEASM excavations at Herakleion in Egypt. The three dies are engraved on a single block of bronze and thus resemble another set of dies, long known but never published, of which electrotype copies survive in the British Museum. All these dies are for the production of imitations of Athenian tetradrachms. Other evidence for dies from Egypt, and the hoard record for Athenian imitations of possible Egyptian provenance, are surveyed.

 

Index:

Meadows, Andrew R.

Title:

Bronze coins from excavations in Alexandria / Andrew Meadows

Source:

Bulletin of the American Society of Papyrologists 51 (2014) p. 229-239

 

Index:

Meadows, Andrew R.

Title:

Coin circulation and coin production at Thonis-Heracleion and in the Delta region in the Late Period / Andrew Meadow

Source:

Thonis-Heracleion in context / ed. by Damian Robinson and Franck Goddio. - Oxford : Oxford Centre for Maritime Archaeology 2015. - (Oxford Centre for Maritime Archaeology monograph ; 8). - P. 121-135

Abstract:

This paper offers a preliminary examination of what the ecavation coins of  may (1) tell us of the behaviour of coins within the town of Thonis-Heracleion; (2) reveal about the pattern of coin finds observable at Thonis-Heracleion compared to those at three other sites for which figures are available; and (3) contribute to reconstructing the picture of coin production and coin use in the Delta region in the late Classical and early Hellenistic Periods.

 

Index:

Metcalf, William Edwards

Title:

Two Alexandrian hoards / William E. Metcalf     

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 122 (1976) p. 65-77, pl. 1-2

 

Index:

Metcalf, William E.

Title:

The ‘Cairo’ hoard of tetrarchic folles / William E. Metcalf     

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 120 (1974) p. 74-107, pl. 1

 

Index:      

Milne, Joseph Grafton 1867-1951

Title:

The Alexandrian coinage of Augustus / by J. Grafton Milne

Source:

Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 13 (1927) 3-4 (november) p. 135-140, pl. 31

 

Index:

Milne, Joseph Grafton 1867-1951

Title:

The Alexandrian coinage of the early years of Hadrian / [J.G. Milne]

Source:

Numismatic Chronicle 4th ser. 17 (1917) p. 31-52, pl. 3

 

Index:      

Milne, Joseph Grafton 1867-1951

Title:

Alexandrian coins acquired by the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford / by J.G. Milne

Source:

Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 31 (december 1945) p. 85-91, pl. 13

 

Index:

Milne, Joseph Grafton 1867-1951

Title:

Alexandrian tetradrachms of Tiberius / [J. Grafton Milne]

Source:

Numismatic Chronicle 4th ser. 10 (1910) p. 333-339, pl. 10

 

Index:      

Milne, Joseph Grafton 1867-1951

Title:

The coins from Oxyrhynchus / by J.G. Milne

Source:

Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 8 (1922) 3-4 (october) p. 158-163

 

Index:      

Milne, Joseph Grafton 1867-1951

Title:

Ptolemaic coinage in Egypt / by J.G. Milne

Source:

Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 15 (1929) 3-4 (november) p. 150-153

 

Index:      

Milne, Joseph Grafton 1867-1951

Title:

Report on coins found at Tebtunis in 1900 / by J.G. Milne

Source:

Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 21 (1935) 2 (december) p. 210-216, pl. 26

 

Index:

Milne, Joseph Grafton 1867-1951

Title:

Some Alexandrian coins / by J.G. Milne

Source:

Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 4 (1917) 2-3 (april-july) p. 177-186, pls. 35-36

 

Index:      

Missere, Gianluigi

Title:

La monetazione imperiale del Dio Nilo ad Alessandria d’Egitto e a Roma / Gianluigi Missere, Federica Missere Fontana

Source:

Atti e Memorie ser. 7 7 (1989-1990) p. 281-318

 

Index:

Moine, Déborah

Title:

Le monnayage alexandrin des césars : représentations de souverains comme hypostases divines ou exotisme oriental / Déborah Moine

Published:

Bruxelles : [Société Belge d'Études Orientales], 2010

Note:

Offprint from: Varia aegyptiaca et orientalia : Luc Limme in honorem / volume éd. par Christian Cannuyer et Alexandre Tourovets. - Bruxelles : Société Belge d'Études Orientales, 2010. - (Acta Orientalia Belgica ; 28). - P.129-148

 

Index:

Mørkholm, Otto 1930-1983

Title:

Ptolemaic coins and chronology : the dated silver coinage of Alexandria / Otto Mørkholm

Source:

American Numismatic Society Museum Notes 20 (1975) p. 7-24, pl. 2-6

 

Index:

Naster, Paul 1913-1998

Title:

Un trésor de tétradrachmes athéniens trouvés à Tell el Maskhouta (Égypte) / [Paul Naster]

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 94 (1948) p. 5-14, pl. 1-2

 

Index:

Olivier, Julien

Title:

Les monnayages aux types de Cléopâtre et Antoine : premiers résultats et perspectives / Olivier (Julien), Parisot-Sillon (Charles)

Source:

Bulletin de la Société Française de Numismatique 68 (2013) 9 (novembre) p. 256-268

 

Index:

Olivier, Julien

Title:

Three gold coinages of third-century Ptolemaic Egypt / Julien Olivier & Catharine Lorber

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 159 (2013) p. 49-150

Abstract:

The paper reports the results of die studies of three major Ptolemaic gold coinages of Alexandria: the coinage in the name of the Theoi Adelphoi, featuring the jugate busts of the two first Lagid couples; the mnaieia in the name of Arsinoe Philadelphus; and the main issue of mnaieia depicting the radiate Ptolemy III wearing the aegis like a chlamys. The die studies reveal a distinct pattern of production for each of these coinages. Metallurgical analyses identify the stocks of metal used and provide new evidence for the absolute chronology of the first two coinages. The authors also discuss other evidence relevant to chronology, hoards and circulation, and the probable functions of the three coinages.

 

Index:

Palistrant Shaick, Ronit

Title:

Who is standing above the lions in Ascalon? / Ronit Palistrant Shaick

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 7 (2012) p. 127-146, pl. 14-15

Abstract:

An Egyptian deity standing above three lions is depicted in several variants on Ascalonian Roman provincial coins, from Antoninus Pius onwards. The only parallel to this unique appearance is on gems. The image, usually identified as Osiris or Isis, should be interpreted as the Roman-Egyptian Horus-Harpocrates. His syncretic depiction as a young solar-and-fertility god, as well as a defender of seafarers, fits well a seaside city like Ascalon, which very likely also erected a statue of him. His cultic ritual, in his aspect as a solar god, could have merged

 

Index:

Panagopoulou, Katerina

Title:

Gold in Ptolemaic Egypt : exchange practices in light of P.Cair.Zen. I 59021 / Katerina Panagopoulou

Source:

Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 197 (2016) p. 179-190

 

Index:

Picard, Olivier 1940-

Title:

A la recherche du pentadrachme d'Héron d'Alexandrie / Olivier Picard

Source:

Ægyptiaca serta in Soheir Bakhoum memoriam : mélanges de numismatique, d'iconographie et d'histoire / éd. par Dominique Gerin, Angelo Geissen, Michel Amandry. - [Paris] : Bibliotheque national de France ; Milano : Ennerre, 2008. - (Collezioni numismatiche ; 7). - P. 39-42, pl. 6

 

Index:

Picard, Olivier 1940-

Title:

La monnaie lagide au regard des historiens modernes : chrématistique grecque ou faillite égyptienne? / Olivier Picard

Source:

Monnaie antique, monnaie moderne, monnaies d'ailleurs … : métissages et hybridations / sous la dir. de Patrick Pion et Bernard Formoso ; avec la collab. de Roland Étienne. - Paris : De Boccard, 2012. - (Colloques de la Maison René-Ginouvès ; 8). - P. 77-87

Abstract:

The aim of this paper is to show how coinage was used in Egypt, from the first Greek coin hoards, at the end of the 6th century BC, to Cleopatra’s reform. The most important stages in this process were the creation of Ptolemaic coinage by Ptolemy I, the minting of the first silver staters featuring the king’s portrait, and the bronze coinage that emerged after the tax reformation ca. 261 BC. The rise of serious financial difficulties in the kingdom led to the radical reform of bronze coinage at the beginning of the 2nd century BC: a change in the accounting system has led some historians to, wrongly, believe that this was an inflationary phenomenon.

 

Index:

Poole, Reginald Stuart 1832-1895

Title:

Catalogue of Greek. The Ptolemies, kings of Egypt / by Reginald Stuart Poole

Series:

Catalogue of Greek coins in the British Museum ; [7]

Published:

Trustees [of the British Museum], 1883

 

Index:

Poole, Reginald Stuart 1832-1895

Title:

Catalogue of the coins of Alexandria and the Nomes / by Reginald Stuart Poole

Series:

Catalogue of Greek coins in the British Museum ; [16]

Published:

Trustees [of the British Museum], 1892

 

Index:

Pincock, Richard

Title:

Are there denominational indicators on Ptolemaic bronze coins ? / by Richard Pincock

Source:

Numismatic Chronicle 172 (2012) p. 35-46

Abstract:

This review of the bronze coins of Ptolemies II, III, IV, V and VI argues that the Ptolemaic mint did not have a deliberate policy of denominational marking, and that the recent conclusion that Ptolemy II’s monetary reform of 266-261 BC involved denominational marking and produced six rather than eight denominations is invalid. The general absence of denominational markings leads to suggestions about how the value of the smallest Ptolemaic bronze coins was determined in ancient transactions.

 

Index:

Revillout, Eugène Charles 1843-1913

Title:

Lettre à M. P. Charles Robert sur les monnaies égyptiennes / Eugène Revillout

Published:

Macon : Protat, 1884

Note:

Offprint from: Annuaire de la Société Française de Numismatique et d'Archéologie (1884)

 

Index:

Revillout, Eugène Charles 1843-1913

Title:

* Lettres sur les monnaies égyptiennes / par E. Revillout

Published:

Paris : J. Maisonneuve, 1895

 

Index:

Rodriguez, Philippe

Title:

L’évolution du monnayage de Ptolémée Ier et les événements militaires (c. 323-c. 300) / Philippe Rodriguez

Source:

Cahiers du Centre Gustave Glotz 13 (2002) p. 33-43

 

Index:

Rougé, Jacques 1841-1900

Title:

Description de quelques monnaies nouvelles des nomes d’Égypte / par Jacques de Rougé

Published:

Paris : Impr. Pillet et Dumoulin, 1882

Note:

Offprint from: Annuaire de la Société Francaise de Numismatique et d’Archéologie 6 (1882) p. 145-161, 228-231

 

Index:

Rougé, Jacques 1841-1900

Title:

Monnaies des nomes de l'Égypte / par Jacques de Rougé

Published:

Paris : Impr. Arnous de Rivière et Cie, 1873

Note:

Offprint from: Revue Numismatique nouv. sér. 14 (1869-1870)

 

Index:

Sallet, Alfred Friedrich Constantin von 1842-1897

Title:

Die Daten der alexandrinischen Kaisermünzen / von Alfred von Sallet

Published:

Berlin : Weidmann, 1870

 

Index:

Savio, Adriano 1947-

Title:

Appunti di numismatica alessandrina. II: Alessandria e nomoı / Adriano Savio, Alessandro Cavagna

Published:

Milano : Società Numismatica Italiana Onlus, 2014

Note:

Offprint from: Rivista Italiana di Numismatica 115 (2014) p. 291-328

 

Index:

Savio, Adriano 1947-

Title:

Katalog der alexandrinischen Münzen der Sammlung Dr. Christian Friedrich August Schledehaus im Kulturgeschichtlichen Museum Osnabrück. Bd. 1: Die Billonmünzen des 1. und 2. Jahrhunderts (Tiberius-Crispina) / Adriano Savio; Tomaso Lucchelli

Published:

Milano : CUEM, 2001

 

Index:

Schlösser, Eckart

Title:

Egyptian bronze coins of Antiochus IV of Syria / Eckart Schlösser

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 147 (August 1987) p. 54-56

 

Index:

Schuman, Verne Brinson

Title:

The leaden coinage of Roman Egypt / [Verne Β. Schuman]

Source:

Chronique d'Égypte 28 (1953) p. 356-361

 

Index:

Schwabe, Ludwig 1835-1908

Title:

Die kaiserlichen Decennalien und die alexandrinischen Münzen / von Ludwig Schwabe

Published:

Tübingen : Armbruster & Riecker, 1896

 

Index:

Segrè, Angelo 1891-

Title:

Circolazione tolemaica e pretolemaica in Egitto / A. Segrè

Published:

Milano ; Varese : Amedeo Nicola, [1920]

Note:

Offprint from: Rivista Italiana di Numismatica 33 (1920)

 

Index:

Seif el-Din, Mervat

Title:

Un trésor de monnaies ptolémaïques en bronze au Musée gréco-romain d'Alexandrie : le trésor de Nag Hammadi 1937 / Mervat Seif el-Din, Mona Shahin, Th. Faucher

Source:

Ægyptiaca serta in Soheir Bakhoum memoriam : melanges de numismatique, d'iconographie et d'histoire / ed. par Dominique Gerin, Angelo Geissen, Michel Amandry. - [Paris] : Bibliotheque national de France ; Milano : Ennerre, 2008. - (Collezioni numismatiche ; 7). - P. 79-89, pls. 11-15 

 

Index:

Sheedy, Kenneth A.

Title:

The crowned ram's head on coins of Alexander the Great and the rule of Ptolemy as satrap of Egypt / Kenneth Sheedy and Boyo Ockinga

Source:

East and West in the world empire of Alexander : essays in honour of Brian Bosworth / ed. by Pat Wheatley, Elizabeth Baynham. - Oxford : Oxford University Press,  cop. 2015. - P. 197-239

 

Index:

Six, Jan Pieter 1824-1899

Title:

Over de munten, die den naam van Ptolemaeus Soter dragen / door J.P. Six

Source:

Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeeling Letterkunde 7 (1863) p. 285-288

 

Index:

Soutzo, Michel C. 1841-1933

Title:

Essai de classification des monnaies de bronze : émises en Égypte par les trois premiers Lagides / [Michel C. Soutzo]

Source:

Revue Numismatique 4e sér. 13 (1909) p. 36-68

 

Index:

Svoronos, Jean Nikolaus 1863-1922

Title:

Alexandrina astronomika nomismata ; Nomismata Apollonias tes en ponto kai tes nesoy peparethou / [J.N. Svoronos]

Source:

Journal International d'Archéologie Numismatique 2 (1899) p. 79-88

 

Index:

Svoronos, Jean Nikolaus 1863-1922

Title:

Chrysa nomismata kai eikåones tåon Basilissåon tåes Aigyptou  / [J.N. Svoronos]

Source:

Journal International d'Archéologie Numismatique 2 (1899) p. 183-203

 

Index:

Svoronos, Jean Nikolaus 1863-1922

Title:

Les monnaies de Ptolémée II : qui portent dates / [Jean-N. Svoronos]

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 57 (1901) p. 263-298, 387-412, pl. 6-9

 

Index:         

Svoronos, Jean Nikolaus 1863-1922

Title:

Die Münzen der Ptolemaeer = Ta nomísmata tou krátous tōn Ptolemaíōn  / von J.N. Svoronos. Bd. IV: Deutsche Übersetzung des I. Bandes ; Ergänzungen ; Indices / Beitr. von F. Hultsch ... [et al.]

Published:

Athen : Sakellarios, 1908

 

Index:         

Svoronos, Jean Nikolaus 1863-1922

Title:

Ta nomísmata tou krátous tōn Ptolemaíōn. T. I / ypó Iōánnou N. Sborōnou

Published:

En Athénais : Sakellaríou, 1904

 

Index:         

Svoronos, Jean Nikolaus 1863-1922

Title:

Ta nomísmata tou krátous tōn Ptolemaíōn. T. II / ypó Iōánnou N. Sborōnou

Published:

En Athénais : Sakellaríou, 1904

 

Index:         

Svoronos, Jean Nikolaus 1863-1922

Title:

Ta nomísmata tou krátous tōn Ptolemaíōn. T. III / ypó Iōánnou N. Sborōnou

Published:

En Athénais : Sakellaríou, 1904

 

Index:

Svoronos, Jean Nikolaus 1863-1922

Title:

Ta nomísmata tou krátous tōn Ptolemaíōn : Ptolemaic coinage / author: J.N. Svoronos ; transl.: Catharina Lorber

Published:

[S.l. : s.n., 2006]

 

Index:

Thompson, Margaret 1911-1992

Title:

A Ptolemaic bronze hoard from Corinth / [Margaret Thompson]

Source:

Hesperia 20 (1951) 4 (December) p. 355-367, pl. 101

 

Index:

Tôchon d'Annecy, Joseph François 1772-1820

Title:

Recherches historiques et géographiques sur les médailles de nomes ou préfectures de l'Égypte / par J.F. Tôchon d'Annecy, ...

Published:

A Paris : de l'imprimerie Royale, chez Antoine-Augustin Renouard, 1822

 

Index:

Torrey, Charles Cutter 1863-1956

Title:

Aramaic graffiti on coins of Demanhur / by Charles C. Torrey

Series:

Numismatic notes and monographs ; no. 77

Published:

New York : American Numismatic Society, 1937

 

Index:

Tuplin, Christopher J.

Title:

The coinage of Aryandes / Christopher Tuplin

Source:

L'or perse et l'histoire grecque : actes de la Table ronde CNRS, Bordeaux, 20-22 Mars 1989 / réunis par Raymond Descat. - Bordeaux : Revue des Études Anciennes, 1990. – (Revue des Études Anciennes ; 91.1-2). - P. 61-82

Abstract:

The author examines Herodotos' account of Aryandes' silver coinage, rejects various attempts to replace it by a different story (which Herodotos is supposed to have misunderstood) and concludes that the best course is to accept its veracity.

 

Index:

Valk, Hans van der

Title:

Koperen munten van de Ptolemaeën uit Egypte tot ca 200 v.Chr. / Hans van der Valk 

Source:

De Beeldenaar 31 (2007) 4 p. 153-166

 

Index:

Valk, Hans van der

Title:

Monetaire politiek van Ptolemaios XII en Kleopatra VII / Hans van der Valk

Source:

De Beeldenaar 31 (2007) 1 p. 3-11

 

Index:

Vitale, Marco

Title:

Kleopatra auf einer Inschrift aus Ägypten und auf Münzprägungen syrischer Poleis : das Schweigen der Erinnerungsmedien nach Actium? / Marco Vitale

Source:

Klio 95 (2013) 2 p. 455-470

Abstract:

Cleopatra VII was 'amica et socia populi Romani'. Yet, because of her association with Mark Antony, on whom the Roman Senate imposed a 'damnatio memoriae' after his death, she was declared a 'hostis populi' Romani. How were memory and oblivion of Cleopatra constructed after her death? How did people commemorate Cleopatra in her kingdom and in Rome? Probably, a 'damnatio memoriae' was pronounced against the defeated queen. An inscription from Egypt and the coinage of Syrian-Phoenician poleis point to two different forms of 'damnatio memoriae', one by erasing the queen’s titles, and another by concealing her name. Likewise, Roman official documents, such as the imperial coinage and the Res Gestae Divi Augusti, omit to mention Cleopatra. By contrast, many of the poleis formerly subject to Cleopatra avoided commemorating Octavian’s victory of Actium.

 

Index:

Weiser, Wolfram

Title:

Katalog Ptolemaïscher Bronzemünzen der Sammlung des Instituts für Altertumskunde der Universität zu Köln / Wolfram Weiser

Series:

Abhandlungen der Rheinisch-Westfälischen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Sonderreihe, Papyrologica Coloniensia ; vol. 23

Published::

Opladen : Westdeutscher Verlag, 1995

 

Index:

Wolf, Daniel

Title:

The ‘Galatian shield without Σ’ series of Ptolemaic bronze coins / Daniel Wolf and Catharine Lorber

Published::

London : Royal Numismatic Society, 2011

Note:

Offprint from: Numismatic Chronicle 171 (2011) p. 7-53, pl. 1-3

 

Index:

Wolf, Daniel

Title:

A metrological survey of Ptolemaic bronze coins / Daniel Wolf

Published::

New York : American Numismatic Society, 2013

Note:

Offprint from: American Journal of Numismatics 2nd ser. 25 (2013) p. 49-118

Abstract:

Analysis of many Ptolemaic bronze coins clarified relationships between their weights and values during the reigns of Ptolemy I–IV. Two aggregate bronze weight standards came to light for time periods before and after a coinage reform c. 265–260 bc. Analyses of the new empirical data showed that previous theoretical Ptolemaic bronze weight standards were incorrect. Large samples gave more confident estimates for the weight standards, the relationship between them, and the value structures of denomination series. The data also revealed some previously unrecognized denominations. The analyses provided reliable mean weight values for many coin types to replace conflated approximations found in preceding literature. Statistical and graphical comparisons of data for individual types and value series showed that post-reform minting technology permitted weight-to-value relationships that were highly conserved and faithfully executed for half a century at Alexandria and provincial mints.

 

Index:

Zervos, Orestes H.

Title:

Two early Ptolemaic hoards found in Egypt / Orestes H. Zervos

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 120 (November (1980) p. 90-94