24. Palestine, Judah, Samaria, Jewish

Index:

Adler, Yonatan

Title:

The temple willow-branch ritual depicted on Bar Kokhba denarii / Yonatan Adler

Source:

Israel Numismatic Journal 16 (2007–2008) p. 129–133

 

Index:

Aguilera Romojaro, María Jesús

Title:

Monedas hebreas de la colección del Museo Casa de la Moneda / María Jesús Aguilera Romojaro

Source:

Numisma 253 (enero-diciembre 2009) p. 7-49

Abstract:

The collections of the Casa de la Moneda Museum include fifteen bronze Hebrew coins from four of the five stages of the Ancient Hebrew Numismatics: seven of these coins correspond to the Hasmonean period; three belong to the Herodian dynasty, four to the First Jewish War against the Romans, and one to the Bar Kohba Revolt. The seven Hasmonean coins have a face value of one prutah and were minted by John Hyrcanus I, Judas Aristobulus I, and Alexander Jannaeus and probably by one of the latter’s successors. The three Herodian coins, likewise of a one prutah value, were minted by Herod the Great and Agrippa I. Of the four coins from the First Jewish War, two of them are one-prutah pieces minted during the second year of the war, and the other two correspond to a series of bronze coins, of three different face values, which were probably minted in the fourth year of the war by Bar Giora, leader of one of the rebel factions that controlled Jerusalem. Lastly, the only coin from the Bar Kohba Revolt is a medium-sized bronze minted in the second year of the war.

 

Index:

Akerman, John Yonge 1806-1873

Title:

Numismatic illustrations of the narrative portions of the New Testament / by John Yonge Akerman

Published:

London : [s.n.], 1846

 

Index:

Amit, David

Title:

A numismatic update on the northwestern extent of the territory controlled by the Bar Kokhba rebels / David Amit and Gabriela Bijovsky

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 2 (2007) p. 133-135

Abstract:

The discovery of three 'year 2' Bar Kokhba coins at Khirbet el-Burnat (north) and a small bronze coin of Bar Kokhba from the first year of the revolt (132/3 CE) found during excavations in the 1980s at Khirbet Zikhrin, expand by a few kilometers northward the northwestern border of the territory controlled by the Bar Kokhba rebels

 

Index:

Ariel, Donald Tavi 1954-

Title:

Coins / Donald T. Ariel

Source:

Jewish Quarter excavations in the Old City of Jerusalem : conducted by Nahman Avigad, 1969-1982. Vol. IV: The burnt house of area B and other studies : final report / Hillel Geva ; with contrib.by D. Amit ,... [et al.]. -  Jerusalem : Israel Exploration Society : Institute of Archaeology, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 2010. - P. 236-247

 

Index:

Ariel, Donald Tavi 1954-

Title:

The coins of Herod the Great in the context of the Augustan empire / Donald T. Ariel

Source:

Herod and Augustus : papers presented at the IJS conference, 21st-23rd June 2005 / ed. by David M. Jacobson and Nikos Kokkinos. - Leiden ; Boston : Brill, 2009. - (IJS studies in Judaica ; vol. 6). - P. 113-126, 425-427

Abstract:

Two of Herod’s bronze coin series are thought to relate to historical milestones in Herod’s relationship to Augustus. This paper concentrates on Herod’s large diadem/table type, minted in Jerusalem, and his year-three coins, thought by many to have been minted in Samaria. Most of Herod’s coinage was struck for purely economic reasons, to make fractional currency available both for Herod’s standing army and for the labourers employed in his extensive building activities. I consider another function—perhaps new for Judea—for the minting of the abovementioned coins of Herod, as celebratory handouts, in the spirit of the Roman institutions of congiaria and donativa. Octavian himself embraced these practices, setting a pattern of munifi cence which was imitated by his successors, and in my opinion, by Herod as well. Herod’s large diadem/table coin, minted in 30 BCE (or soon thereafter) may have been a congiarium celebrating Octavian’s reconfirmation of Herod’s rule at Rhodes in the spring of that year, as well as a commemorative coin, celebrating his decennalia. Herod’s year-three coins may also have been minted for a congiarium. If they dated, as is generally accepted, to around 37 BCE, they celebrated Herod’s conquest of Jerusalem. However, some of the iconography on Herod’s year-three coins suggests Augustan connections, raising some doubt regarding the 37 BCE date for these coins. One hypothetical solution to this conundrum is considered. Calculated by a possible, otherwise undocumented, era fixed by Octavian’s 30 BCE reconfi rmation of Herod’s rule, the Samaria-minted year-three coins may have been struck in order to celebrate Samaria’s refoundation as Sebaste, in spring/summer of 27 BCE.

 

Index:

Ariel, Donald Tavi 1954-

Title:

Coins from Tel Mikhal (Tel Michal) / Donald T. Ariel

Source:

`Atiqot 52 (June 2006) p. 71–88

Abstract:

Thirty-eight coins were found in the excavation on the Northern Hill at Tel Mikhal, 33 were identified: 18 isolated coins, and 15 coins that formed part of a Persian-period hoard. The isolated coins are mainly of the Persian period, probably deriving from one phase of occupation that began in the second quarter of the fourth century BCE. The war between Ptolemy I and Antigonus possibly marks the end of the Persian stratum. The later numismatic evidence at the site indicates that the Northern Hill may have been occupied only during the Seleucid period. The hoard comprises Athenian-style tetradrachms, dating to the rule of Straton I (371/367–357/354 BCE); several details clearly define these tetradrachms as imitations. The number of Tel Mikhal coins that were minted in Sidon outnumbers the number minted in Tyre, thus supporting the historical evidence that Tel Mikhal was part of a Sidonian enclave on the central Palestinian coast.

 

Index:

Ariel, Donald Tavi 1954-

Title:

A first century CE mint south of Jerusalem? : numismatic evidence / Donald T. Ariel

Source:

New studies in the archaeology of Jerusalem and its region : collected papers. Vol. V / ed.: David Amit, Guy D. Stiebel and Orit Peleg-Barkat. - Jerusalem : [s.n.], 2011. - P. 16-23

 

Index:

Ariel, Donald Tavi 1954-

Title:

Identifying the mints, minters and meanings of the first Jewish revolt coins / Donald T. Ariel

Source:

The Jewish revolt against Rome : interdisciplinary perspectives / ed. by Mladen Popović. - Leiden ; Boston : Brill, 2011. - P. 373-397

 

Index:

Ariel, Donald Tavi 1954-

Title:

Judean perspectives of ancient mints and minting technology / Donald T. Ariel

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 7 (2012) p. 43-80

Abstract:

A summary of artifactual evidence for ancient minting technology, focusing on the typology, functionality and chronology of molds, yields the conclusion that covered molds were almost exclusively devoted to the production of base-metal coins and flans. The detailed examination of two roughly contemporary assemblages of stone connected-flan molds, from Paphos and the southern Levant, explores their possible technological antecedents and their subsequent disappearance. The connected-flan molds’ anomalously widespread distribution within their locales raises questions of how and where the production of flans was conducted. For Judea, the answers may also change perceptions of the nature of the Jerusalem mint.

 

Index:

Ariel, Donald Tavi 1954-

Title:

Lessons from a (bronze) die study / Donald T. Ariel

Source:

Proceedings of the XIVth International Numismatic Congress, Glasgow 2009. I / ed. by Nicholas Holmes. - Glasgow : International Numismatic Council. 2011. – P. 42-47

 

Index:

Ariel, Donald Tavi 1954-

Title:

A new coin of the mint of Marisa / Donald T. Ariel, Oliver D. Hoover

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 6 (2011) p. 61-77

Abstract:

Two bronze coins bearing an Athena head obverse strongly reminiscent of the autonomous mint of Marisa were found in excavations at Tel Maresha. Though the attribution of the coins to the mint of Marisa seems certain, because of their context and the general numismatic profile of the coins found at Maresha, it is more likely that the type is to be attributed to the Seleucid rather than the autonomous series.

 

Index:

Ariel, Donald Tavi 1954-

Title:

'Out of the north the evil shall break forth' : numismatic evidence for the besiegers in Jerusalem during the first Jewish Revolt? / Donald T. Ariel, Yuval Baruch, Irina Zilberbod

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 9 (2014) p. 149-161, pl. 14

Abstract:

Two small coin hoards found north of Jerusalem are likely to have belonged to soldiers besieging Jerusalem during Titus’ siege of the city in 70 CE.

 

Index:

Barkay, Rachel

Title:

Roman influence on Jewish coins / Rachel Barkay

Source:

Judaea and Rome in coins 65 BCE-135 CE : papers presented at the International Conference hosted by Spink, 13th-14th September 2010 / ed. by David M. Jacobson and Nikos Kokkinos. - London : Spink, 2011. - P. 19-26

 

Index:

Bijovsky, Gabriela Ingrid 1962-

Title:

A burning testimony : two bronze hoards from the time of the first Jewish revolt / Gabriela Bijovsky

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 4 (2009) p. 73-81, pl. 16-17

Abstract:

Two assemblages of burnt coins dated to the end of the first Jewish revolt, were discovered in the Temple Mount excavations of Benjamin Mazar in Jerusalem. The coins provide a vivid evidence of the destruction of the city by fire in 70 CE.

 

Index:

Bijovsky, Gabriela Ingrid 1962-

Title:

Coins from 'Ein ez-Zeituna / Gabriela Bijovsky

Source:

‘Atiqot 51 (March 2006) p. 85-90

Abstract:

A total of 25 coins were retrieved during the excavations, 21 of them were identified. The numismatic evidence is very homogeneous and dates to the first and second centuries CE. All the coins, except for one Hasmonean coin of King Alexander Jannaeus, are Roman Provincial issues. The distribution of the mints reflects the common currency that circulated near the site: Caesarea, Sepphoris-Diocaesarea and Tiberias.

 

Index:

Bijovksy, Gabriela Ingrid 1962-

Title:

The coins from Horbat Nazur / Gabriela Bijovsky

Source:

‘Atiqot 64 (October 2010) p. 127-131

Abstract:

Twenty-one coins were discovered in Area B at Horbat Nazur. Most of them date to the Hellenistic period. One coin (No. 13) features Antiochus IV on the obverse and a seated female goddess(?) on the reverse. Several coins of this type were found throughout the country, pointing to a local mint. Two provenances were previously offered for this type: Jerusalem and the Israel west bank. In this article it is suggested that this coin-type was minted at ‘Akko-Ptolemais.

 

Index:

Bijovsky, Gabriela Ingrid 1962-

Title:

The coins from Iqrit / Gabriela Bijovsky

Source:

‘Atiqot 62 (March 2010) p. 97-106

Abstract:

Twenty-six coins were found in the burial cave excavated at Iqrit, all of them were identifiable. Several coins are of special interest: two antonininani of the brothers Macrianus II and Quietus, which are rarely found in excavations; a finely preserved coin of Caracalla, which was pierced; and a Sidonian coin depicting Julia Maesa, grandmother of Elagabalus and Severus Alexander, a type yet unpublished. Most of the coins are Roman provincial issues, minted in Phoenician cities, suggesting that Iqrit was strongly oriented to Phoenicia and Syria during the second and third centuries CE.

 

Index:

Bijovsky, Gabriela Ingrid 1962-

Title:

The coins from Or ‘Aqiva (north) / Gabriela Bijovsky

Source:

‘Atiqot 61 (December 2009) p. 75-79

Abstract:

Forty-six coins were unearthed in the Or ‘Aqiva excavations, including a hoard of 22 coins. All the coins, from the hoard and isolated coins as well, were of bronze, except for a Ptolemaic silver tetradrachm. All the coins in the hoard, but one, are of the ‘Apollo Standing’ type, originally minted in Antioch. The Or ‘Aqiva coins date to the Hellenistic period, from the reign of Ptolemy II to that of Antioch III; no control marks were found, and thus, it is difficult to establish their mint classification.

 

Index:

Bodzek, Jarosław Artur

Title:

A Lycian prototype for the coin from Samaria? / Jarosław Bodzek

Source:

Les civilisations du Bassin méditerranéen : hommages à Joachim Sliwa / sous la réd. de Krzystof Cialowicz et Janusz A. Ostrowski. - Cracovie : Université Jagellonne Institut d'Archéologie, 2000. – P. 331-340

 

Index:

Bodzek, Jarosław Artur

Title:

A note on a Samarian coin-type / Jarosław Bodzek

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 3 (2008) p. 3-12, pl. 1-2

Abstract:

The article focuses on a Samarian issue showing on the obverse a head in a tiara ('kyrbasia') and the forepart of a horse on the reverse (Meshorer and Qedar 1999:97, Nos. 75–76). The forerunner for the types under discussion must be sought among issues produced by different Achemenid officials in northwestern Asia Minor (Mysia, Troas), where coins of the same or similar types were relatively widespread in the fourth century BCE. It is probable that the Samarian issuing authority consciously chose iconographic types recalling the Achemenid aristocratic ethos with which the local community was presumably familiar.

 

Index:

Bodzek, Jarosław Artur

Title:

Remarks on the iconography of Samarian coinage : hunting in 'paradeisos'? / Jarosław Bodzek

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 2 (2007) p. 35–45, pl. 4

Abstract:

This study examines a hunting scene on the reverse of a Samarian coin (Meshorer and Qedar 1999:106, No. 123). Depicted is a mounted hunter, wearing Iranian cavalryman’s costume and galloping over the body of a fallen animal (probably a lion or a boar). The general prototype of the scene should be sought in the repertoire of Greco-Persian art, and probably refers to a hunt in the garden precinct called 'paradeisos'.

 

Index:

Bodzek, Jarosław Artur

Title:

A short note on a certain Samarian coin type / Jarosław Bodzek

Source:

Wiadomości Numizmatyczne 59 (2015) 1-2 p. 1-10

Abstract:

This article focuses on a Samarian issue portraying a biga carrying Iranian clad personages on the obverse and an Iranian horseman on the reverse. It was struck in the name of BDYBL and forerunners of the type can be traced to Sidonian coinage and Achaemenid influenced minor arts. It is possible that the issuer of the coin held a military or administrative post in the Achaemenid realm, which could explain why this and other issues bearing his name contained motifs drawn from its iconography.

 

Index:

Bodzek, Jarosław Artur

Title:

Tiarate heads on Samarian coins / Jarosław Bodzek

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 6 (2011) p. 3-19, pl. 1-3

Abstract:

One of the most popular motifs among Samarian coin types is the so-called ‘tiarate head,’ with some 16 Samarian issues using it. Some of them copy coins struck in other parts of the Achemenid state. Others use the type more freely, combining it with other reverse types. There are two main variations of the tiarate head in Samarian coinage: the head in profile and the head in three-quarter view. Based on details of tiara representations, one can distinguish six variants of the first type. The prototypes for most of them should be sought in the satrapal coinages of northwestern Asia Minor and Cilicia. Only one variant was likely to have been introduced in Samaria.

 

Index:       

Bracey, Robert

Title:

On the graphical interpretation of Herod's year 3 coins / Robert Bracey

Source:

Judaea and Rome in coins 65 BCE-135 CE : papers presented at the International Conference hosted by Spink, 13th-14th September 2010 / ed. by David M. Jacobson and Nikos Kokkinos. - London : Spink, 201. - P. 65-83

Abstract:

This article explores the evidence for rapid production of the 'year 3' type of the coinage of Herod. This has implications for the interpretation of that coinage and its relationship to Herod's conquest of Jerusalem. This is not my research. Ariel and Fontanille have now published a large volume on the coinage of Herod and this article is based on data they kindly shared. I made a very small contribution by assisting in the analysis of die study. In this paper I present an extended analysis of the 2009 paper in Gandharan Studies discussion of the relationship between non-planar graphs and the use of three or more workstations. The paper is not straightforward and the problem needs to be revisited. Another paper was published about the same time which argued for more than three work-stations in a number of Greek mints. The analysis was flawed but the problem of extending the analysis to four work-stations remains (in fact just generalising the analysis.

 

Index:

Bricault, Laurent

Title:

Deities from Egypt on coins of the southern Levant / Laurent Bricault

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 1 (2006) p. 123-135, pl. 17-19

Abstract:

This paper presents the numismatic evidence on the subject of the Isiatic diffusion in the southern Levant during the Greco-Roman period. The phenomenon does not allow for generalization varying in different time periods, geographical areas, and even from one city to another. In several cases (Aelia Capitolina, Ascalon, Caesarea, ‘Akko-Ptolemais), the Isiatic types on local coinage suggests the existence of a public cult.

 

Index:

Cavedoni, Venanzio Celestino 1795-1865

Title:

Biblische Numismatik oder Erklärung der in der heil. Schrift erwähnten alten Münzen. [Thl. 1] / von Celestino Cavedoni ; aus dem Italienischen übers. und mit Zusätzen vers. von A. von Werlhof

Published:

Hannover : Hahn'sche Hofbuchhandlung, 1855

 

Index:

Cavedoni, Venanzio Celestino 1795-1865

Title:

Biblische Numismatik oder Erklärung der in der heil. Schrift erwähnten alten Münzen. Thl. 2: Enthaltend Anhang und Nachträge / von Celestino Cavedoni ; aus dem Italienischen übers. und mit Zusätzen vers. von A. von Werlhof

Published:

Hannover : Hahn'sche Hofbuchhandlung, 1856

 

Index:

Ciecieląg, Jerzy

Title:

Countermarked coins of Roman prefects of Judaea / Jerzy Ciecieląg

Source:

Notae Numismaticae 5 (2004) p. 35-47

 

Index:

Ciecieląg, Jerzy

Title:

Some remarks on the coinage of Herod Philip / Jerzy Ciecieląg

Source:

Notae Numismaticae 2 (1997) p. 66-82

 

Index:

Davesne, Alain

Title:

Trésors hellénistiques du Proche-Orient. [I]: I-IV / A. Davesne, A. Lemaire

Source:

Revue Numismatique 151 (1996) p. 51-76

Abstract:

The four coin assemblages presented here appeared at various times on the Jerusalem market. The first one, a hoard of Alexander tetradrachms, was buried early after his death, about 320 ; Zeus crosses legs on one coin only. The 31 Alexander drachms of the second assemblage are only part of a larger hoard, the burying of which is difficult to date precisely since the missing part may have been important. The less homogenous third assemblage comprises two parts : 4 Pamphylian alexanders and a Sidetan tetradrachm with contremarks, on the one hand, and 5 identical Antiochus VIII tetradrachms, on the other hand. The fourth hoard contains bronze coins of Ptolemy I and II ; buried around 270, it gives an idea about the circulation of the bronze coins, the study of which is not enough developped.

 

Index:

Deutsch, Robert

Title:

Coinage of the first Jewish revolt against Rome : iconography, minting authority, metallurgy / Robert Deutsch

Source:

The Jewish revolt against Rome : interdisciplinary perspectives / ed. by Mladen Popović. - Leiden ; Boston : Brill, 2011. - P. 361-371

 

Index:

Deutsch, Robert

Title:

The coinage of the great Jewish revolt against Rome :  script, language and inscriptions / Robert Deutsch

Source:

Judaea and Rome in coins 65 BCE-135 CE : papers presented at the International Conference hosted by Spink, 13th-14th September 2010 / ed. by David M. Jacobson and Nikos Kokkinos. - London : Spink, 201. - P. 113-122

 

Index:

Deutsch, Robert

Title:

Five unrecorded 'Yehud' silver coins / Robert Deutsch

Source:

Israel Numismatic Journal 13 (1994-1999) p. 25-26, pl. 3

 

Index:

Ecker, Avner

Title:

The coinage of Jaffa in the Roman period / Avner Ecker

Source:

Studies in honour of Arnold Spaer / ed. by: Dan Barag and Boaz Zissu. - Jerusalem : The Israel Numismatic Journal, 2010. - (Israel Numismatic Journal ; 17). - P. 151-176

 

Index:

Fantalkin, Alexander

Title:

Persian-period Philistian coins from Ashdod-Yam / Alexander Fantalkin, Mati Johananoff and Shahar Krispin

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 11 (2016) p. 23-28

Abstract:

The group of Persian-period Philistian coins described here was found during two seasons of renewed excavations at the site of Ashdod-Yam. This discovery, from a site located in the heart of Philistia and connected to Ashdod, allows the reassessment of certain types of Persian-period coins, hitherto known only from unprovenanced collections.

 

Index:

Farhi, Yoav 1974-

Title:

Aegina in Jerusalem : a 'Turtle' stater from Southern Jerusalem / Yoav Farhi, Yuval Gadot

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 7 (1012) p. 3-6

Abstract:

This article presents a ‘Turtle’ stater of Aegina, recently found in an excavation in the southern part of present-day Jerusalem. This is the first coin of its type to be discovered in controlled archaeological excavations in Israel.

 

Index:

Farhi, Yoav 1974-

Title:

The bronze coins minted at Gamala reconsidered / Yoav Farhi

Source:

Israel Numismatic Journal 15 (2006) p. 69-76

 

Index:

Farhi, Yoav 1974-

Title:

City coins from Roman Palestine made of lead and comparable materials / Yoav Farhi

Source:

Studies in honour of Arnold Spaer / ed. by: Dan Barag and Boaz Zissu. - Jerusalem : The Israel Numismatic Journal, 2010. - (Israel Numismatic Journal ; 17). - P. 177-186

 

Index:

Farhi, Yoav 1974-

Title:

Cleopatra in Gaza (?) : a hitherto unpublished coin type from Gaza and the first year of coinage in Gaza under Roman rule / Yoav Farhi

Source:

American Journal of Numismatics 2nd ser. 27 (2016) p. 141-154, pl. 36-37

Abstract:

The author describes a hitherto unpublished coin type of Gaza, apparently bearing the portrait of Cleopatra VII. The coin, which is dated 52/1 BCE, is discussed along with two others struck in the same year to create a series of three denominations. This year was the first year of coinage in Gaza under Roman rule. We do not know much about the city in the late 50s BCE, however the coins struck in 52/1 BCE show that the city began to function properly as a polis within a decade of its formal restoration by Pompey. The production of a series of three denominations also indicates the restoration of a functioning money economy.

 

Index:

Farhi, Yoav 1974-

Title:

A silver-plated Samarian coin from Tel Dor / Yoav Farhi

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 5 (2010) p. 21-30

Abstract:

This article presents a Samarian silver-plated ‘drachm’/rbʻ šql that was recently found at Tel Dor. Depicted on the obverse is a combat scene between two warriors. The author suggests a new reading for the letters on the obverse and discusses the iconography of the coin, which has no parallel in any other Persian-period coins. Yet, some analogy to the scene on the coin is found in Achemenid cylinder seals and suggests that this specific coin type originated in glyptic art.

 

Index:

Fischer-Bossert, Wolfgang

Title:

Notes on the coinages of the Philistian cities / Wolfgang Fischer-Bossert

Source:

Coinage of the caravan kingdoms : studies in the monetization of ancient Arabia / ed. by Marin Huth and Peter G. van Alfen. - New York : American Numismatic Society, 2010. - (Numismatic studies ; no. 25). - P. 133-196

 

Index:

Fontanille, Jean-Philippe

Title:

The large dated coin of Herod the Great : the first die series / Jean-Philippe Fontanille and Donald T. Ariel

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 1 (2006) p. 73–86, pl. 10-14

Abstract:

A die study of Herod’s large Helmet/tripod bronze is accompanied by an updated summary of the identification of its type’s iconographic origins, and the absolute date and place of minting. The die study reveals new details, providing a glimpse into the workings of Herod’s new mint.

 

Index:

Fontanille, Jean-Philippe

Title:

Silver 'Yehud' coins with Greek or pseudo-Greek inscriptions / Jean-Philippe Fontanille, Catharine C. Lorber

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 3 (2008) p. 45-49, pl. 2

Abstract:

The authors report the discovery of a new class of Yehud coins that share the facing head/owl types of TJC:199, Nos. 20–23, but are inscribed with Greek characters instead of paleo-Hebrew or Aramaic.

 

Index:

Fontanille, Jean-Philippe

Title:

Two new symbols on a coin of Herod Antipas / Jean-Philippe Fontanille, Aaron J. Kogon

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 10 (2015) p. 129-136

Abstract:

Two previously unnoticed symbols on Herod Antipas’ largest denomination of 33/4 CE (TJC:227, No. 87) are described and discussed. The features, which appear to be a star and a cornucopia, are present on all dies of the type. The reason for these symbols is unknown.

 

Index:

Fried, Lisbeth S. 

Title:

A silver coin of Yohanan Hakkôhen / L.S. Fried

Source:

Transeuphratène 26 (2003) p. 65-85, pl. 2-4

 

Index:

Gitler, Haim 1962-

Title:

Achaemenid motifs in the coinage of Ashdod, Ascalon and Gaza from the fourth century BC / H. Gitler

Source:

Transeuphratène 20 (2000) p. 73–87, pl. 1-7

Abstract:

This paper deals with Achaemenid motifs appearing in the Philistian issues of Ashdod, Ascalon and Gaza. It has been suggested that Persian influences exist in the Philistian issues, but are definitely not strong. However, several Philistian coins depict motifs which emanate from the Persian heartland and seem to show that Persian influence may have been stronger than is usually thought. The double-protome motif, based upon the Achaemenid column capital, represents one of the most characteristic features of Persian art. The second motif represents composite images which have as their closest parallels images on ring seal impressions found on tablets from the Murasû archive in Nippur and on the seal impressions from Ur. The Achaemenid motifs described herein are found in Palestine, exclusively in the mints of these three cities, and are absent from the coinage of Judah (Jerusalem) and Samaria.

 

Index:

Gitler, Haim 1962-

Title:

Cleopatra at Ascalon : recent finds from the Leon Levy Expedition / Haim Gitler, Daniel M. Master

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 5 (2010) p. 67-98, pl. 12-20

Abstract:

The article is an attempt to list all known specimens of the autonomous tetradrachms of Ascalon minted during the first century BCE. A total of 92 specimens were recorded. Included are the specimens depicting royal male portraits (type immobilisé of Antiochus VIII) minted between 99/8 and 50/49 BCE, at which point there is a radical break with the appearance of portraits of Cleopatra VII on the city’s silver. These tetradrachms are very rare and so far only four issues of year 55 (50/49 BCE) and one of year 66 (39/8 BCE) were known. Also three recently identified specimens of an unpublished year (65=40/39 BCE) have been recorded. One of these was found by the Leon Levy Expedition to Ashkelon in the same locus as an earlier tetradrachm of year 41 (64/3 BCE). These two specimens represents the only Ascalonian autonomous tetradrachms found so far at the site where they were issued.

 

Index:

Gitler, Haim 1962-

Title:

Coins with the Armaic legend 'ŠHRW' and other unrecorded Samarian issues / Haim Gitler, Oren Tal

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 85 (2006) p. 47-60, pl. 5-8

 

Index:

Gitler, Haim 1962-

Title:

Different aspects of the quantification of Persian period coinages of Palestine / Haim Gitler

Source:

Quantifying monetary supplies in Greco-Roman times / François de Callataÿ (ed.). - Bari : Edipuglia, 2011. – P. 267-284

Abstract:

This paper deals with aspects related to the quantification of monetary supplies in Persian period Palestine as well as other implications that this study has reveled. The discussion will be divided into three sections, the coinages of Philistia, Samaria and Judah.

 

Index:

Gitler, Haim 1962-

Title:

The earliest coin of Judah / Haim Gitler

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 6 (2011) p. 21-33

Abstract:

Recently a 'drachm' with the lapidary Aramaic legend 'yhd' appeared in the market. Based on iconographic and epigraphic comparisons as well as metallurgical analyses the author suggests that this coin should be regarded as the earliest known issue of Judah. The author further posits that this issue was probably minted at the central Philistian mint for the province of Judah.

 

Index:

Gitler, Haim 1962-

Title:

Identities of the indigenous coinages of Palestine under Achaemenid rule : the dissemination of the image of the great king / Haim Gitler

Source:

More than men, less than gods : studies on royal cult and imperial worship : proceedings of the international colloquium organized by the Belgian School at Athens (November 1 - 2, 2007) / ed. by Panagiotis P. Iossif, Andrzej S. Chankowski and Catharine C. Lorber. - Leuven [etc.] : Peeters, 2011. - P. 105-119

 

Index:

Gitler, Haim 1962-

Title:

Metallurgical analysis of southern Palestinian coins of the Persian period / Haim Gitler, Matthew Ponting, Oren Tal

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 3 (2008) p. 13-27

Abstract:

By means of inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES), metallurgical analyses of southern Palestinian coins of the Persian period were performed. The main group of analyzed coins consists of dome-shaped quarter sheqels ('drachms'), which were struck from worn, recut and repolished obverse dies that based on their circulation were defined as Edomite. In addition, several Philistian coins were analyzed as a reference group. Our results suggest that much of the silver bullion used for striking the Edomite and Philistian coins originated in the Greek world, most probably from Athenian 'owls' and that Edomite coinage was probably produced by a central Philistian minting authority based on identical silver content.

 

Index:

Gitler, Haim 1962-

Title:

More evidence on the collective mint of Philistia / Haim Gitler, Oren Tal

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 4 (2009) p. 21–37, pl. 1-2

Abstract:

This article discusses several matters relating to the likelihood that the coinage of Philistia was struck in a collective mint. Links of Ashdodan and Gazan epigraphic dies with anepigraphic dies of Philistian coins are considered, as are the sociopolitical implications of these links against the coinage’s circulation, weight standard, axes, metallurgical analysis and the predominance use of the archaic eye motif in the coins. The number of coins struck from the same pair or several pairs of dies, and coins known in single specimens, are tabulated in an appendix.

 

Index:

Gitler, Haim 1962-

Title:

More than meets the eye : Athenian owls and the chronology of Southern Palestinian coinages of the Persian period / Haim Gitler, Oren Tal

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 9 (2014) p. 15-27, pl. 1

Abstract:

In our INR 7 paper we suggested that with regard to the treatment of eyes on Philistian coins, the predominant style was the three-quarter profile eye found on Athenian tetradrachms in c. 420–390 BCE. In this follow-up paper we have re-examined 53 Athenian issues found in licensed archeological excavations in Palestine. The percentages of coins per period in terms of similarity of eye treatment between these Athenian finds and the Philistian and Samarian coinages are significantly similar. Artistically, this indicates that local craftsmen were strongly influenced by Greek die engraving. Another implication may be chronological, suggesting a close dating between the circulating Athenian issues and local coins.

 

Index:

Gitler, Haim 1962-

Title:

New aspects on the Dionysiac cult in Nysa–Scythopolis / Haim Gitler

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatische Revue 70 (1991) p. 23-29, pl. 3-4

 

Index:

Gitler, Haim 1962-

Title:

A new chronology for the Ptolemaic coins of Judah. [Text] / Haim Gitler and Catharina Lorber

Source:

American Journal of Numismatics 2nd ser. 18 (2006) p. 1-41

Abstract:

This article presents a new classification and chronology for the Ptolemaiccoins of Judah, based on analysis of types, legends, and die axes in a corpus of over 200 specimens. The limited hoard evidence is inconclusive, but statistical analysis of die axes supports the proposed chronological sequence. Compo-sitional analysis by X-ray fluorescence indicates that these coins were madefrom the purest silver bullion available at the time.

 

Index:

Gitler, Haim 1962-

Title:

A new chronology for the Ptolemaic coins of Judah. [Plates] / Haim Gitler and Catharina Lorber

Source:

American Journal of Numismatics 2nd ser. 18 (2006) pl. 1-2

 

Index:

Gitler, Haim 1962-

Title:

A new chronology for the Yehizkiyah coins of Judah / Haim Gitler and Catharine Lorber

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 87 (2008) p. 61–82

 

Index:

Gitler, Haim 1962-

Title:

A new date on coins of Marisa in Idumaea and its historical implications / Haim Gitler and Alla Kushnir-Stein

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 83 (2004) p. 87–94, pl. 12

 

Index:

Gitler, Haim 1962-

Title:

An official Hellenistic inscribed disk from Ascalon / Haim Gitler, Gerald Finkielsztejn

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 10 (2015) p. 37-54

Abstract:

A copper-alloy disk recently acquired for the Israel Museum bears inscribed Greek legends on both sides. These mention the people of Ascalon, the year (150/49 BCE) and the name of an astynomos, a function that appears for the first time on an instrumentum of the Hellenistic Levant. Astynomoi appear on weights and measures in places in the Black Sea region and elsewhere, implying that astynomoi were able to fulfill the same functions as agoranomoi did in the southern Levant. The paper also includes two metallurgical discussions that shed further light on the source and authenticity of this unique object.

 

Index:

Gitler, Haim 1962-

Title:

Roman coinages of Palestine / Haim Gitler

Source:

The Oxford handbook of Greek and Roman coinage / ed. by William E. Metcalf. - Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, cop. 2012. – P. 485-498

 

Index:

Gitler, Haim 1962-

Title:

Samarian coin types inspired by Athenian iconography / Haim Gitler

Source:

Essays in honour of Roberto Russo / ed. by Peter G. van Alfen and Richard B. Witschonke. - Zürich ; London : Numismatica Ars Classica NAC, 2013. - P. 65-72

 

Index:

Gitler, Haim 1962-

Title:

Silver dome-shaped coins from Persian-period southern Palestine / Haim Gitler, Oren Tal, Peter van Alfen

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 2 (2007) p 47-62

Abstract:

The paper discusses a so far unknown group of peculiar Athenian-styled Palestinian coins. This group, which includes mainly “drachms” but some “obols” as well, was struck from worn obverse dies (i.e., dies damaged by prolonged use), which were then recut and repolished. As a result, the coins’ obverse in many cases is simply dome-shaped, with no traces of Athena’s head or helmet being recognizable. The coins’ distribution suggests that they circulated in the boundaries of what we define as Edom in the later part of the Persian period and might well have been the silver money mentioned in several of the Edomite ostraca.

 

Index:

Gitler, Haim 1962-

Title:

Some notes on the relative chronology of the fifth- and fourth-century BCE coinage of Philistia / Haim Gitler, Oren Tal

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 7 (2012) p. 7-15

Abstract:

This article reassesses the relative chronology of the fifth- and fourth-century BCE Philistian coins against the recent suggestion of an intermediate three quarter profile eye phase in the depiction of the eye of Athena on Athenian issues. The article also discusses a new coin type that combines the Athenian styled head of Athena on the obverse and the Aeginetan-styled tortoise on the reverse.

 

Index:

Gitler, Haim 1962-

Title:

The thirty pieces of silver : a modern perspective / Haim Gitler

Source:

Valori e disvalori simbolici delle monete : i trenta denari di Giuda / a cura di Lucia Travaini. - Roma : Quasar, 2009. – P. 63-78

 

Index:

Graetz, Heinrich Hirsch 1817-1891

Title:

On the Jewish ‘lulab’ and ‘portal’ coins / by Dr. Graetz ; transl. by H. Montagu

Published:

London : [Taylor & Walton], 1888

Note:

Offprint from: Numismatic Chronicle 3rd ser. 8 (1888)

 

Index:

Hager, Arthur 1835-1883

Title:

Die Münzen der Bibel / von Arthur Hager

Published:

Stuttgart : Samuel Gottlieb Liesching, 1868

 

Index:

Hendin, David Bruce 1945-

Title:

A Bar Kokhba lamp hoard collection / David Hendin

Source:

Israel Numismatic Journal 14 (2000-2002) p. 180-184, pl. 18

Abstract:

Description and discussion of 16 gold, silver, and bronze Roman and Bar Kokhba coins found in an Herodian style oil lamp.

 

Index:

Hendin, David Bruce 1945-

Title:

A bronze test strike from the Bar Kokhba Revolt / David Hendin

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 1 (2006) p. 111-115

Abstract:

A rectangular piece of casually cut bronze, struck with a known die pair for undated Bar Kokhba denars, is thought to be the first known test strike from the Bar Kokhba Revolt. An explanation is proposed for the use of bronze rather than lead—the material of most other identified ancient test strikes. The striking on a piece of scrap bronze and not on a bronze flan suggests that during the revolt bronze and silver coins were struck at different mints, or at least during different cycles at the same mint.

 

Index:

Hendin, David Bruce 1945-

Title:

Clashed die errors in Bar Kokhba coins / David Hendin

Source:

Israel Numismatic Journal 5 (1981) p. 44-45, pl. 7

 

Index:

Hendin, David Bruce 1945-

Title:

Current viewpoints on ancient Jewish coinage : a bibliographic essay / David Hendin

Source:

Currents in Biblical Research 11 (2013) 2 p. 246-301

Abstract:

This article presents a survey of recent research in pre-coinage currency of Judaea, coins of the Persian period (Philistia, Edom, Samaria, and Judaea), the Hasmonean dynasty, the Herodian dynasty, the Jewish War against Rome and the Bar Kokhba revolt. Books, articles, presentations and dissertations have added significantly to the literature; it is the author’s goal to assist the non-specialist in keeping up with the latest information and opinions

 

Index:

Hendin, David Bruce 1945-

Title:

Four new Jewish lead coins or tokens / David Hendin

Source:

Israel Numismatic Journal 13 (1994-1999) p. 63-65, pl. 8

Abstract:

Describes and illustrates four previously unpublished Jewish lead coins or tokens.

 

Index:

Hendin, David Bruce 1945-

Title:

Hasmonean coin chronologies : two notes / David Hendin

Source:

Israel Numismatic Journal 17 (2009-2010) p. 34-38

Abstract:

Discusses the Yehudah coins and firmly places them with Aristobulus I as well as establishing an internal chronology for the types; also discusses an unusual Jannaeus overstrike coin that further establishes the extensive series of paleo-Hebrew in wreath/double cornucopias struck upon anchor in circle/lily coins as issues of Alexander Jannaeus.

 

Index:

Hendin, David Bruce 1945-

Title:

The identity of YNTN on Hasmonean overstruck coins and the chronology of the Alexander Jannaeus types / David Hendin, Ilan Shachar

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 3 (2008) p. 87-94

Abstract:

A previously unpublished Hasmonean coin, which was overstruck twice, proves beyond doubt that at least one group of coins bearing the name yntn must be attributed to Alexander Jannaeus. This coin also contributes to establishing a definitive chronology for the striking of the various Jannaeus types.

 

Index:

Hendin, David Bruce 1945-

Title:

Irregular coins of Judaea, first century BCE–first century CE : new insights from comparisons of stylistic, physical, and chemical analyses / David Hendin and Nathan Bower

Published:

New York : American Numismatic Society, 2011

Note:

Offprint from: American Journal of Numismatics 2nd ser. 23 (2011) p. 35-54, pl. 6-7

Abstract:

A minimum of five ancient Judaean coins from each of eleven different paired (irregular versus standard) types of coins (117 in total) spanning the period from 130 BCE (Hyrcanus I) to 70 CE (the first Jewish revolt against the Romans) were selected for a non-destructive elemental analysis by x-ray fluorescence that was used to calculate compositional diversity. The results are coupled with stylistic, metrological and die orientation analyses in order to shed light on the nature and origins of the many irregular coins struck during this period in Judaea. The results strongly suggest that the majority of the irregular coins were imitative issues produced at non-official mints, probably to fulfill the need for additional coins during periods or in regions with shortages.

 

Index:

Hendin, David Bruce 1945-

Title:

Jewish coinage of the two wars : aims and meaning / David Hendin

Source:

Judaea and Rome in coins 65 BCE-135 CE : papers presented at the International Conference hosted by Spink, 13th-14th September 2010 / ed. by David M. Jacobson and Nikos Kokkinos. - London : Spink, 2011. - P. 123-144

 

Index:

Hendin, David Bruce 1945-

Title:

The metrology of Judaean small bronze coins / David Hendin

Source:

American Journal of Numismatics 2nd ser. 21 (2009) p. 105-121

Abstract:

Based on the the weights of more than 10,000 bronze coins dating from 134 BC to AD 70, this study offers a comprehensive analysis of the weight standards for each series, and of the role of fudiciary coinage in ancient Judaea.

 

Index:

Hendin, David Bruce 1945-

Title:

A new coin type of Herod Antipas / David Hendin

Source:

Israel Numismatic Journal 15 (2003-2006) p. 56-61

Abstract:

A new coin type establishes that Herod Antipas did not wait 24 years before striking coins at his new mint of Tiberias, but apparently struck this coin 24 years earlier at Sepphoris. It antidates the earliest coin struck in Sepphoris by 67 years and rules out the possibility that Antipas deferred use of the dynastic name "Herod" until his brother Archelaus ceased to be ethnarch and was banished to Gaul.

 

Index:

Hendin, David Bruce 1945-

Title:

Numismatic expressions of Hasmonean sovereignty / Devid Hendin

Source:

Israel Numismatic Journal 16 (2007-2008) p. 76-91

 

Index:

Hendin, David Bruce 1945-

Title:

On the identity of Eleazar the Priest / David Hendin

Source:

Studies in memory of Dan Barag / ed. by: Robert Deutsch and Boaz Zissu. - Jerusalem : Israel Numismatic Journal, 2014. - (Israel Numismatic Journal ; vol. 18). - P. 155-167

 

Index:

Hendin, David Bruce 1945-

Title:

Preliminary sequencing of Herod I's undated coins based on alloy changes over time / David Hendin ... [et al.]

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 6 (2011) p. 93-104

Abstract:

Undated 'prutot' attributed to Herod I (the Great), and selected dated coins bracketing his rule, were analyzed by x-ray luorescence (XRF) to determine major and trace elements, and by multi-collector inductively-coupled plasma mass-spectrometry (MC-ICP-MS) to obtain lead isotopic analyses (LIA). Declining amounts of arsenic in Judean coins during the period 100 BCE to 100 CE allow us to study a proposed relative chronology for Herod I’s undated coins. We attribute the loss of arsenic to both re-smelting of bronze and to a changing pattern in local metal supplies, with copper alloys from Dead Sea Rift mines replacing those from Cyprus.

 

Index:

Hill, George Francis 1867-1948

Title:

Catalogue of the Greek coins of Palestine (Galilee, Samaria, and Judaea) / by George Francis Hill

Series:

Catalogue of Greek coins in the British Museum ; 27

Published:

London : Trustees [of the British Museum], 1914

 

Index:

Hoover, Oliver David 1972-

Title:

The dated coinage of Gaza in historical context : (264/3 BC-AD 241/2) / Oliver Hoover

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 86 (2007) p. 63-90, pl. 8-10

Abstract:

Behandelt werden hier die Münzprägungen von Gaza von der ptolemäischen Periode bis zum Ende der provinziellen Prägungen unter dem Kaiser Gordian III. Der Vergleich der verschiedenen Perioden der Münzprägung mit den historischen Begebenheiten zeigt, dass in Gaza allgemein die Prägungen imZusammenhang mit kriegerischen Ereignissen erfolgten, oder aber mit kaiserlichen Besuchen oder mit Festivitäten. Die kurzlebigen Bronzeemissionen unter den Abbasiden im frühen 9. Jahrhundert entstanden unter gleichen Bedingungen.

 

Index:

Hoover, Oliver David 1972-

Title:

A reassessment of Nabataean lead coinage in the light of new discoveries / Oliver D. Hoover

Source:

Numismatic Chronicle 166 (2006) p. 105-119, pls. 27-30

Abstract:

The coinages of the Nabataeans have long been studied, and numerous collections have examples in silver and bronze.2 However, until recently Nabataean lead coins have been extremely rare: a single such coin, formerly in the Shraga Qedar collection, Afula, was published by Ya’akov Meshorer in 1975 (C13 in the catalogue, below),3 and a second (G27), not yet published, was discovered in the excavations at Mezad Rael (Qasr ‘Ein Kharuf) in 1981.

 

Index:

Kanitz, E.

Title:

The countermark on a Jewish coin in the British Museum / L. El. Kanitz

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 114 (Mai 1979) p. 25-30

 

Index:

Kindler, Arie

Title:

The coins of the tetrarch Philip and Bethsaida / Arie Kindler

Source:

Bethsaida : a city by the north shore of the Sea of Galilee. Vol. II / ed. by Rami Arav and Richard A. Freund. – Kirksville : Truman State University Press, 1999. - P. 245-249

 

Index:

Kindler, Arie

Title:

The 'damnatio memoriae' of Elagabal on citycoins of the Near East / Arie Kindler

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 117 (Februar 1980) p. 3-6

 

Index:

Kindler, Arie

Title:

Ein Münzpalimpsest aus dem Bar-Kochba-Krieg / Arie Kindler

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 42 (1962) p. 15-20, pl. 2

 

Index:

Kogon, Aaron J.

Title:

Countermarks on small Judean coins / Aaron J. Kogon

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 7 (2012) p. 93-106, pl. 10-12

Abstract:

This paper describes new research related to countermarks struck on Judean prutot. The author discusses the coins, the countermark types and styles, the countermark types’ relationships to the coin types, their relative quantities, their locations on the coins, die statistics and other new information.

 

Index:

Kogon, Aaron J.

Title:

Greek letter forms on Judean coins / Aaron J. Kogon

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 10 (2015) p. 111-128

Abstract:

The Greek letter forms on coins of the Hasmoneans, early Herodians and Roman governors are discussed. These letter forms are compared with those on contemporary Jerusalemite stone inscriptions and coins of the eastern Mediterranean. The chronological progression of letter forms in the Jerusalem mint and the mixing of letter forms within a die are also explored and a catalogue of letter forms is included.

 

Index:

Kogon, Aaron J.

Title:

New details and notes on some ‘minimi’ of Caesarea / Aaron J. Kogon

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 8 (2013) p. 105-108

Abstract:

Two previously unnoted features on the minimi of Caesarea that imitate the prutot of the first Jewish revolt are described. Some possible explanations for these features are offered, as well as an attempt to date the minimi in general.

 

Index:

Kool, Robert

Title:

Coins from the salvage excavations at Meron / Robert Kool and Donald T. Ariel

Source:

'Atiqot 43 (2002) p. 109-114

 

Index:

Kushnir-Stein, Alla 1941-

Title:

Gaza coinage dated LIC : a reappraisal / Alla Kushnir-Stein

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 74 (1995) p. 49-55, pl. 2

 

Index:

Kushnir-Stein, Alla 1941-

Title:

Late Hellenistic coins of Gaza and the date of the Hasmonean conquest of the city / Alla Kushnir

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 198 (Juni 2000) p. 22-24

 

Index:

Levy, Moritz Abraham 1817-1872

Title:

Geschichte der jüdischen Münzen / gemeinfasslich dargestellt von M.A. Levy

Published:

Breslau : Schletter's Buchandlung (H. Skutsch), 1862

 

Index:

Lonnqvist, Kenneth K.A.

Title:

New vistas on the countermarked coins of the Roman prefects of Judaea / Kenneth K.A. Lönnqvist

Published:

[Jerusalem : Israel Numismatic Society, 1994]

Note:

Offprint from: Israel Numismatic Journal 12 [1992-1993] p. 56-70

 

Index:

Lönnqvist, Kenneth K.A.

Title:

The numismatic chronology of Qumran : fact and fiction / Kenneth Lönnqvist and Minna Lönnqvist 

Source:

Numismatic Chronicle 166 (2006) p. 121-165

 

Index:

Lönnqvist, Kenneth K.A.

Title:

A re-attribution of the King Herod Agrippa I ‘Year 6’ issue : the canopy and three ears of corn / K. Lönnqvist

Source:

Liber Annuus 47 (1997) p. 429-440

 

Index:

Lonnqvist, Kenneth K.A.

Title:

A second investigation into the chemical composition of the Roman Provincial (Procuratorial) coinage of Judaea, AD 6-66 / K.K.A. Lönnqvist

Source:

Archaeometry 45 (2003) 1 p. 45-60

Abstract:

An investigation of the chemical composition of the first Roman provincial coinage of Judaea, minted in ad 6–66, was conducted. A total of 103 copper-alloy coins were analysed by ICP-AES. It was determined that different copper alloys were used for the coinage, a leaded tin-bronze and a pure tin-bronze alloy. The investigation also showed that the copper alloy was made in four different formulae with regard to the alloying elements added to copper. Trace element profiles point to the existence of a shared pool of metal for Roman coins and metalwork.

 

Index:

Lorber, Catharine C.

Title:

A gold mnaieion of Ptolemaic Cyprus at Tel Kedesh : background and context / Catharine C. Lorber

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 5 (2010) p. 41-57

Abstract:

A gold coin from Ptolemaic Cyprus, dated 191/0 BCE, was found during excavation of a Seleucid administrative building at Tel Kedesh. A review of pertinent hoards suggests that money did not flow from Cyprus to Coele Syria and Phoenicia in the first decades of the second century BCE. Most likely this high-value coin reached Kedesh through some contact between the Ptolemaic and Seleucid elites.

 

Index:

Lorber, Catharine C.

Title:

The iconographic program of the year 3 coinage of Herod the Great / Catharine C. Lorber

Source:

American Journal of Numismatics 2nd ser. 25 (2013) p. 127-169, pl. 25

Abstract:

The dated coinage of Herod the Great is a military coinage struck in the context of his campaign to defeat Mattathias Antigonus. Its principal denomination depicts an ornate helmet decorated with ivy leaves. It is argued here that this is Herod’s personal helmet. The ivy leaves, a well-known symbol of the Greek god Dionysus, place Herod under the protection of Dionysus or even identify him with the god in the tradition of many Hellenistic kings and Roman grandees, including Herod’s own patron Mark Antony. The remaining types of the dated coinage include symbols of Apollo, Demeter/Persephone, and Hermes, all of whom were associated with Dionysus and/or with one another in Greek religion, especially in mystery cults. The types present Herod as the savior of his kingdom and express his apparent interest in personal salvation through the Eleusinian, Dionysian, or Orphic mysteries

 

Index:

Lykke, Anne

Title:

Die Münzikonographie vom Herodes Agrippa I. und ihre Beziehung zur römischen Bildsprache / von Anne Lyke

Source:

Macht des Geldes, Macht der Bilder : Kolloquium zur Ikonographie auf Münzen im ostmediterranen Raum in hellenistisch-römischer Zeit / hrsg. von Anne Lykke. - Wiesbaden : Harrassowitz, 2013. - (Abhandlungen des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins ; 42). - P. 151-168

 

Index:

Lykke, Anne

Title:

Proto-jüdische Münzprägung in Palästina : xu den Namen und Identitäten der münzprägenden Autoritäten / Anne Lykke

Source:

Schild von Steier 23 (2010) p. 74-86

 

Index:

Lykke, Anne

Title:

The use of languages and scripts in ancient Jewish coinage : an aid in defining the role of the Jewish temple until its destruction in 70 CE / Anne Lykke

Source:

Judaea and Rome in coins 65 BCE-135 CE : papers presented at the International Conference hosted by Spink, 13th-14th September 2010 / ed. by David M. Jacobson and Nikos Kokkinos. - London : Spink, 2011. - P. 27-50

 

Index:

Madden, Frederic William 1839-1904

Title:

Coins of the Jews / by Frederic W. Madden

Published:

London : Trübner, 1881

 

Index:

Madden, Frederic William 1839-1904

Title:

Coins of the two revolts of the Jews / by Fredric W. Madden

Published:

London : [s.n.], 1866

Note:

Offprint from: Numismatic Chronicle n.s. 6 (1866) p. 36-65

 

Index:

Madden, Frederic William 1839-1904

Title:

History of Jewish coinage, and of money in the Old and New Testament / by Frederic W. Madden ; with 254 woodcuts, and a plate of alphabets, by F. W. Fairholt

Published:

London : B. Quaritch, 1864

 

Index:

Madden, Frederic William 1839-1904

Title:

Jewish numismatics : being a supplement to the ‘History of Jewish coinage and money in the Old and New Testaments’ published in 1864. Pt. 3 / by Frederic W. Madden.

Published:

London : [s.n.], 1875

Note:

Offprint from: Numismatic Chronicle. N.s. 15 (1875) p. 77-115

 

Index:

Meshorer, Ya'akov 1935-

Title:

Monnaies de Raphia / Yaakov Meshorer

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 18 (1976) p. 57-68, pls. 3-7

 

Index:

Meyshan, Josef

Title:

Eine unbekannte Porträtmünze des Königs Agrippa II. / Josef Meyshan

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 42 (Oktober 1961) p. 32-34

 

Index:

Mildenberg, Leo 1913-2001

Title:

Numismatische Evidenz zur Chronologie der Bar Kochba-Erhebung / von Leo Mildenberg

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 34 (1948-1949) p. 19-27, pl. 3

 

Index:

Mildenberg, Leo 1913-2001

Title:

Eine Ueberprägung des 2. Aufstandes der Juden gegen Rom / Leo Mildenberg

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 33 (1947) p. 17-24, pl. 3

 

Index:

Naster, Paul 1913-1998

Title:

'Karsha' et 'sheqel' dans les documents araméens d'Eléphantine : (ve siècle avant J.-C.) / [Paul Naster]

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 116 (1970) p. 31-35

 

Index:

Noy, Ido

Title:

Head decoration representations on Hasmonean and Herodian coins / Ido Noy

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 8 (2013) p. 39-53, pl. 10

Abstract:

Research into representations of head decorations on ancient Jewish coins reveals aspects of their evolution, reflecting the complex relationship between their Jewish and the Hellenistic cultural settings. The head decorations’ origin and meaning in Hellenistic culture as well as the circumstances of their appearance in Jewish iconography shed light on the visual means used by the Jewish rulers in proclaiming their sovereignty.

 

Index:

Noy, Ido

Title:

The victory wreath of Hyrcanus I / Ido Noy

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 7 (2012) p. 31-42, pl. 6

Abstract:

Wreaths, among the most common symbols on Jewish coins, appear on John Hyrcanus I’s first coins. This iconographical study suggests that it symbolized victory, borrowing from some Seleucid coin types. This meaning for the wreath seems to have been maintained throughout two centuries of Jewish coinage.

 

Index:

Plant, Richard J.

Title:

A numismatic journey through the Bible / by Richard Plant

Published:

London : Rotographic, 2007

Abstract:

'A numismatic journey through the Bible' is an attempt to bring the Bible to life in a new sort of way - by linking as many Biblical stories as possible to coins, many of which are common enough for us to be able to see, and often to actually own. In this way the author hopes to put readers in touch with events that, though they happened a long time ago, can still have great meaning for us today. The chapters are written in Biblical order. The Old Testament first, working through to the Book of Revelation at the end. Other material, relevant but not actually part of the Bible, is included in chapters between those dealing directly with the Bible itself. Each coin is illustrated with approximate values given in GBGBP and US$ and the book is packed with a wealth of background information about the Bible, in an easy to read style suitable for all ages.

 

Index:

Porat, Roi

Title:

Bar Kokhba coins from Herodium (Hebrew University Expedition) / Roi Porat ... [et al.]

Source:

Studies in honour of Arnold Spaer / ed. by: Dan Barag and Boaz Zissu. - Jerusalem : The Israel Numismatic Journal, 2010. - (Israel Numismatic Journal ; 17). - P. 98-105

 

Index:

Qedar, Shraga

Title:

A coin of Agrippa II commemorating the Roman victory over the Jews / Shraga Qedar

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 154 (Mai 1989) p. 33-36

 

Index:

Rappaport, Uriel 1935-

Title:

The emergence of Hasmonean coinage / by Uriel Rappaport

Source:

AJS Review 1 (1976) p. 171-186

 

Index:

Rappaport, Uriel 1935-

Title:

Note sur la chronologie des monnaies hérodiennes / Uriel Rapaport

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 10 (1968) p. 64-75

 

Index:

Reinach, Théodore 1860-1928

Title:

* Jewish coins / by Théodore Reinach ; transl. by Mary Hill ; with an app. by G.F. Hill

Published:

London : Lawrence & Bullen, 1903

 

Index:

Reinach, Théodore 1860-1928

Title:

Les monnaies juives / par Théodore Reinach

Published:

Paris : Leroux, 1887

 

Index:

Revillout, Eugène Charles 1843-1913

Title:

Note sur les plus anciennes monnaies hébraïques / [Eugène Revillout]

Published:

Paris : Au siège de la Société de Numismatique (1884)

Note:

Offprint from: Annuaire de la Société Française de Numismatique et d'Archéologie (1884)

 

Index:

Rogers, Edgar 1873-

Title:

A handy guide to Jewish coins / E. Rogers

Published:

London : Spink, 1914

 

Index:

Saulcy, Louis Félicien Joseph Caignart de 1807-1880

Title:

Numismatique de la Terre Sainte : description des monnaies autonomes et impériales de la Palestine et de l'Arabie Pétrée / F. de Saulcy ; ornée de 25 planches gravées par L. Dardel

Published:

Paris : J. Rothschild, 1874

 

Index:

Saulcy, Louis Félicien Joseph Caignart de 1807-1880

Title:

Recherches sur la numismatique judaïque / par F. de Saulcy

Published:

Paris : Didot Frères, 1854

 

Index:

Schindel, Nikolaus 1973-

Title:

A note on the production of Hasmonean coins / Nikolaus Schindel

Source:

Studies in memory of Dan Barag / ed. by: Robert Deutsch and Boaz Zissu. – Jerusalem : Israel Numismatic Journal, 2014. – (Israel Numismatic Journal ; vol. 18). – P. 46-50

Abstract:

The paper discuss the use, and possible implications, of the use of multiple dies in Hasmonean coinage.

 

Index:

Schwentzel, Christian-Georges 1967-

Title:

La figure d'Hérode d'après les sources épigraphiques et numismatiques / Christian-Georges Schwentzel

Source:

Théologiques 21 (2013) 1 p. 117-139

Abstract:

Study of the epigraphical and numismatical material connected with the Herodian State does not contradict the information given by the textual sources. On the contrary, it confirms the complexity of Herod and the Herodian politics as reported by Josephus. The Latin inscriptions on the amphorae found in Masada and the iconography of the Herodian coins show us Herod as a king claiming his Jewishness, but, at the same time, perfectly integrated in the Graeco-Roman world.

 

Index:

Shenkar, Michael

Title:

The coin of the ‘God on the winged wheel’ / Michael Shenkar

Source:

Boreas 30-31 (2009) p. 13-23

 

Index:

Spaer, Arnold

Title:

Gaza or Yehud / Arnold Spaer

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 198 (Juni 2000) p. 21

 

Index:

Spijkerman, Augustus 1920-

Title:

Trésor de sicles juifs trouvé au Mont des Oliviers à Jérusalem / A. Spijkerman

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 42 (Oktober 1961) p. 25-32

 

Index:

Stickel, Johann Gustav 1805-1896

Title:

Jüdische Münzen aus Jerusalem / von D. [i.e. J.G.] Stickel

Source:

Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins 7 (1884) p. 211-214

 

Index:

Syon, Danny 1953-

Title:

The coins from burial caves D and E at Hurfeish / Danny Syon

Source:

Eres Safôn : qôves me'amrîm bā-arkêôlôgyā šel hag-Galîl = Eretz Zafon : studies in Galilean archaeology / 'ôrek Sevî Gal. - Yerûšālayim : Rāšût hā-Attîqôt, 2002. - P. 166-175

 

Index:

Syon, Danny 1953-

Title:

The coins from El-Kabri / Danny Syon

Source:

`Atiqot 51 (March 2006) p. 125-129

Abstract:

Twelve coins were retrieved from the El-Kabri tombs, most were found in their original location. Many of the coins were heavily worn. The identifiable coins dated to the second and third centuries CE. The practice of using worn coins as grave offerings is recorded from many excavations. The majority of the worn coins are the Melqart/Club type autonomous issue of Tyre, probably reflecting the need for a relatively large coin. It is not possible to determine whether the coins were intended as Charon’s obol or as an offering.

 

Index:

Syon, Danny 1953-

Title:

A hoard of Tyrian silver from orbat ‘Aqrav, Upper Galilee / Danny Syon

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 9 (2014) p. 29-37, pl. 2-3

Abstract:

A hoard discovered in 1970 in Upper Galilee contained silver coins of Antiochus VII and Demetrius II minted in Tyre, as well as autonomous sheqels of Tyre. The 20 coins described form less than half of the original hoard and span 28 years. It is suggested that this emergency hoard was buried around 110 BCE and is connected with the Hasmonean penetration into Galilee, before its annexation to the Hasmonean state.

 

Index:

Syon, Danny 1953-

Title:

The Levant / Danny Syon

Source:

Survey of numismatic research 2008-2013 / general ed. Carmen Arnold-Biucchi, Maria Caccamo Caltabiano ; sub-eds. Roger Bland ... [et al.]. - Roma : Arbor Sapientiae, 2015. - (Special publication / International Association of Professional Numismatists ; 16). - P. 111-125

 

Index:

Syon, Danny 1953-

Title:

The mint of Akko through the ages / Danny Syon

Source:

One thousand nights and days : Akko through the ages / ed.: Ann. E. Killebrew and Vered Raz-Romeo. - Haifa : Hecht Museum, University of Haifa, [2010]. - P. 66-73

 

Index:

Syon, Danny

Title:

Numismatic evidence of Jewish presence in Galilee before the Hasmonean annexation? / Danny Syon

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 1 (2006) p. 21-24

Abstract:

The lily/anchor bronze of Antiochus VII (138–129 BCE) minted in Jerusalem is found with some regularity in northern Israel. It is suggested that those finds are evidence of a considerable Jewish population in Galilee already at that time.

 

Index:

Syon, Danny 1953-

Title:

Underwater Ptolemaic coin hoards from Megadim / Danny Syon, Catharine Lorber and Ehud Galili

Source:

`Atiqot 74 (May 2013) p. 1-8

Abstract:

In the shallow underwater zone adjacent to Nahal Megadim on the Carmel coast, a concentration of bronze objects, among them coins from the Hellenistic and Mamluk periods, were discovered. The coins belonged to three hoards: 55 medium-sized Ptolemaic bronze coins (Hoard 1), probably from the joint reign of Cleopatra III and Ptolemy IX; 19 silver tetradrachms (Hoard 2), ranging from Ptolemy VIII to Ptolemy X (152/1–100/99 BCE); and 10 bronze coins that were found within an amphora (Hoard 3), dating between c. 180(?) and 168 BCE. It is likely that the Ptolemaic silver coins of Hoard 2 belonged to the ship’s owner, a crew member or a passenger, and were current at the time the ship was lost, thus suggesting that the ship was Ptolemaic. The presence of Ptolemaic, Seleucid and Lycian coins in Hoard 3 attests that the ship visited diverse ports, one of its last stops being in Egypt or, more likely, Cyprus.

 

Index:

Syon, Danny 1953-

Title:

Yet again on the bronze coins minted at Gamla / Danny Syon

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 2 (2007) p. 117-122

Abstract:

After a recent suggestion to the contrary, the author reasserts his belief that only one obverse and two reverse dies are known for the ‘Gamla’ coins. This is accomplished by superimposing coin images in a computer application, as well as by discussing several aspects of the coins’ production, use and chronology.

 

Index:

Tal, Oren 1968-

Title:

Coin denominations and weight standards in fourth-century BCE Palestine / Oren Tal

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 2 (2007) p. 17-28

Abstract:

Epigraphic material of the fourth century BCE and other written sources are surveyed in order to identify the weight denominations and standards of contemporaneous Palestinian coins. It was found that there were probably local denominational systems and weight standards in the region, and that these were apparently based on the sheqel and its fractions. The Greek (Attic) denominational system and weight standard formerly associated with the coins were probably not known in Palestine.

 

Index:

Tal, Oren 1968-

Title:

Greek coinages of Palestine / Oren Tal

Source:

The Oxford handbook of Greek and Roman coinage / ed. by William E. Metcalf. - Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 2011. - P. 252-274

 

Index:

Tal, Oren 1968-

Title:

Negotiating identity in an international context under Achaemenid rule : the indigenous Persian-period coinages of Palestine as an allegory / Oren Tal

Source:

The Judeans in the Achaemenid Age : negotiating identity in an international context / ed. by Oded Lipschits, Gary N. Knoppers, and Manfred Oeming. - Winona Lake : Eisenbrauns, 2011. - P. 445-459

 

Index:

Vin, Josephus Paulus Antonius van der 1945-2011

Title:

De dertig zilverlingen / door J.P.A. van der Vin

Source:

De Beeldenaar 4 (1980) 3 (mei-juni) p. 96-101

 

Index:

Voulgaridis, Georges

Title:

Some thoughts on mints, monograms and monetary magistrates: two case studies : the mints of ’Akko-Ptolemais and of Ascalon under the Seleucids / Georges Voulgaridis

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 3 (2008) p. 65-79

Abstract:

Based on his experience in studying two important Seleucid mints in Palestine, ‘Akko-Ptolemais and Ascalon, the author poses several questions about the monograms and the symbols on Seleucid coins: Who is behind them? Why do they appear on the dies? What information about the mints do they provide? No firm answers are given, but a discussion is begun.

 

Index:         

Wyssmann, Patrick

Title: