21. Seleucids

Index:        

Callataÿ, François Philippe Edouard Léon de 1961-

Title:

La richesse des rois séleucides et le problème de la taxation en nature / [François de Callataÿ]

Source:

Topoi. Suppl. 6 (2004) p. 23-47

 

Index:

Dodd, Rebecca

Title:

Coinage and conflict : the manipulation of Seleucid political imagery / Rebecca Dodd

Published:

Glasgow : University of Glasgow, 2009

Abstract:

The purpose of this thesis is to provide a thematic analysis of the historical, political, and economic context of Seleucid portraiture, namely that on coins, but with reference to gemstones, seals, and sculpture where evidence exists. No attention has been given to the aesthetic value of such items, as has been the habit of art historians, as a great deal of the evidence analysed here consists of bronze coins. Nor is this work intended to be a catalogue, as technical information on coins has been well documented in the many catalogues in this field. The first chapter provides a general survey of the issue of autonomy and its relationship to the Seleucids, whether among the Greek poleis of Asia Minor or other autonomous areas of the Seleucid empire. This is followed by an obligatory discussion of the influence of Alexander on the Seleucids, which has been kept deliberately short due to the amount of scholarship already completed in this field. The issue of warfare and its effect on Seleucid iconography follows this. The first three chapters cover issues affecting Seleucid iconography, whether for legitimate kings or otherwise, which leads on to a chapter covering the Seleucid usurpers. The function of this chapter within the thesis is twofold; firstly, it introduces the concept of usurpation and its effect on the iconography of legitimate kings; secondly, it contains extensive discussion of the coinages of the individual usurpers. The next four chapters serve to analyse the variation of the royal image for legitimate kings, assessing the effect of autonomy, warfare, Alexander, and usurpation on the changing royal image. The kings discussed in the respective chapters were chosen on similarities of iconography and factors affecting this. The final chapter is a discussion on Seleucid female iconography, affected by many of the same factors as male portraiture.

 

Index:

Dürr, Nicolas

Title:

Das Horn des Demetrios II / Niklaus Dürr

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 113 (Februar 1979) p. 7-9

 

Index:

Duyrat, Frédérique

Title:

La circulation monétaire dans l’Orient séleucide : (Syrie, Phénicie, Mésopotamie, Iran) / [Frédérique Duyrat]

Source:

Le roi et l'économie : autonomies locales et structures royales dans l'économie de l'empire séleucide : actes des rencontres de Lille (23 juin 2003) et d'Orléans (29-30 janvier 2004) / textes réunis par V. Chankowski et F. Duyrat. - Lyon : Maison de l'Orient méditerranéen, 2004. - P. 381-424

 

Index:

Duyrat, Frédérique

Title:

Les Séleucides et l’Orient / Frédérique Duyrat

Source:

A survey of numismatic research, 1996-2001 / ed. generales Carmen Alfaro, Andrew Burnett. - Madrid : International Numismatic Commission, 2003. - P. 177-188

 

Index:

Ehling, Kay

Title:

Alexander II Zabinas : ein angeblicher (Adoptiv-)Sohn des Antiochos VII oder Alexander I Balas? / Kay Ehling

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 177 (März 1995) p. 2-7

 

Index:

Elayi, Josette

Title:

Un trésor de monnaies séleucides de la région de Hama / Josette Elayi et Alain G. Elayi

Source:

Revue Numismatique 158 (2002) p. 93-102, pl. 5-8

Summary:

The authors present here a new hoard of Seleucid coins recently discovered and supposed to be found in the area of Hama. It contained 29 silver tetradrachms of Demetrius I Soter (20 coins) and of Demetrius II Nikator, first reign (9 coins).

 

Index:

Erickson, Kyle

Title:

The ‘royal archer’ and Apollo in the east : Greco-Persian iconography in the Seleukid Empire / Kyle Erickson amd Nicolas L. Wright

Source:

Proceedings of the XIVth International Numismatic Congress, Glasgow 2009. I / ed. by Nicholas Holmes. - Glasgow : International Numismatic Council. 2011. – P. 163-168, pl. 1

Abstract:

Beginning with the reign of Antiochos I, Seleukid coinage adopted a seated Apollo as a standard type. Typically, the Greek iconography is stressed; however, this does not explain the persistence of the type in the east after the introduction of the Zeus type by Antiochos IV and the adoption of the seated archer by the Parthians. This paper proposes that the Seleukid image draws on both the coinage of the satrap Datames and on the image of the royal archer from the Persian dariacs and sigloi. It appears that the Seleukid Apollo coinage also attempted to exploit potential avenues of legitimation and royal power. In the East, this version of Apollo on the Omphalos may also have been interpreted as a Greco-Persian King or as a representation of Greco-Persian royal power drawing on representations of the Persian king as archer.

 

Index:

Fischer, Thomas 1944-1994

Title:

Ein delphisches Rätsel? : Pythisches, Pythagoreisches und Seleukidisches zu Bronzemünzen des Demetrios I. Soter, 163-150 v. Chr. / Thomas Fischer

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 74 (1995) p. 25-46, pl. 1

 

Index:

Fischer, Thomas 1944-1994

Title:

Zur Auswertung seleukidischer Münzen : Beizeichen, 'Prägestätte', Prägegruppe und Zuweisung an namensgleiche Herrscher / Thomas Fischer

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 65 (1986) p. 65-72

 

Index:

Geiser, Anne

Title:

Séleucos Ier en Suisse / Anne Geiser

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 193 (April 1999) p. 1-3

 

Index:

Hoover, Oliver David 1972-

Title:

A clashed Seleucid obverse die of Philip I Philadelphus / Oliver D. Hoover

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 10 (2015) p. 105-110, pl. 5

Abstract:

This article publishes two Seleucid 'tetradrachms' of Philip I Philadelphus struck with the same unusual obverse die. It is argued that peculiar raised and incuse features on the obverses are the result of a die-clashing error during minting. Two additional clashed Seleucid dies suggest that this sort of error often occurred in times of crisis when the mints were forced to quickly produce coins to meet sudden high demand.

 

Index:

Hoover, Oliver David 1972-

Title:

Never mind the bullocks : Taurine imagery as a multicultural expression of royal and divine power under Seleukos I Nikator / Oliver D. Hoover

Source:

More than men, less than gods : studies on royal cult and imperial worship : proceedings of the international colloquium organized by the Belgian School at Athens (November 1 - 2, 2007) / ed. by Panagiotis P. Iossif, Andrzej S. Chankowski and Catharine C. Lorber. - Leuven [etc.] : Peeters, 2011. - P. 197-228

 

Index:

Hoover, Oliver David 1972-

Title:

Time is money? : a second look at production quantification and chronology in the late Seleucid period / Oliver D. Hoover

Source:

Quantifying monetary supplies in Graeco-Roman times / François de Callataÿ (éd.). - Bari : Edipuglia, 2011. – P. 251-266

 

Index:

Houghton, Arthur Amory 1940-

Title:

Antiochus III in Coele Syria and Phoenicia / Arthur Houghton and Catharine Lorber

Source:

Israel Numismatic Journal 14 (2000-2002) p. 44-58, pl. 9-10

 

Index:

Houghton, Arthur Amory 1940-

Title:

Coins of the Seleucid Empire from the collection of Arthur Houghton. [Pt. I] / by Arthur Houghton.

Series:

Ancient coins in North American collections ; no. 4

Published:

New York : American Numismatic Society, 1983

 

Index:

Houghton, Arthur Amory 1940-

Title:

The double portrait coins of Alexander I Balas and Cleopatra Thea / Arthur Houghton

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 57 (1988) p. 85-93, pl. 10

 

Index:

Houghton, Arthur Amory 1940-

Title:

The double portrait coins of Antiochus XI and Philip I : a seleucid mint at Beroea? / Arthur Houghton

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 66 (1987) p. 79-84, pl. 12

 

Index:

Houghton, Arthur Amory 1940-

Title:

The equestrian portrait of Alexander the Great on a new tetradrachm of Seleucus I / Arthur Houghton and Andrew Stewart

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 78 (1999) p. 27-33, pl. 5

 

Index:

Houghton, Arthur Amory 1940-

Title:

New light on coin production under Seleucus II in Northern Syria, Commagene, and Mesopotamia / Arthur Houghton

Source:

American Journal of Numismatics 2nd ser. 23 (2011) p. 17-34, pl. 3-5

Abstract:

he author relocates Uncertain Mint 42 from Mesopotamia to, probably, northern Syria; reattributes tetradrachms and related drachms previously given to Seleucus III to Seleucus II at a new mint (the “X Mint”) that probably operated west of the Euphrates River; separates Mints 40A and 40, which were previously considered as a single facility; and attributes two tetradrachms to the so-called Y Mint which likely operated in the general region of Commagene or Mesopotamia. he picture that the new material makes raises fundamental questions about the purpose of Seleucus’ mints in the upper Euphrates area.

 

Index:

Houghton, Arthur Amory 1940-

Title:

Notes on the early Seleucid victory coinage of 'Persepolis' / Arthur Houghton

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 59 (1980) p. 5-14, pl. 1-2

 

Index:

Houghton, Arthur Amory 1940-

Title:

The Royal Seleucid mint of Aegae in Aeolia / Arthur Houghton

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 34 (1992) p. 229-232

 

Index:

Houghton, Arthur Amory 1940-

Title:

The reigns of Antiochus VIII and Antiochus IX at Damascus / Arthur Houghton, Wilhelm Müseler

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 159 (August 1990) p. 57-62

 

Index:

Houghton, Arthur Amory 1940-

Title:

Some observations on coordinated bronze currency systems in Seleucid Syria and Phoenicia / Arthur Houghton

Source:

Israel Numismatic Journal 15 (2003-2206) p. 35-47

 

Index:

Houghton, Arthur Amory 1940-

Title:

The struggle for the seleucid succession, 94-92 BC : a new tetradrachm of Antiochus XI and Philip I of Antioch / Arthur Houghton

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 77 (1998) p. 65-70, pl. 12

 

Index:

Houghton, Arthur Amory 1940-

Title:

Timarchus as king in Babylonia / Arthur Houghton

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 21 (1979) p. 313-317

 

Index:

Imhoof-Blumer, Friedrich 1838-1920

Title:

Die Münzstätte Babylon zur Zeit der makedonischen Satrapen und des Seleukos Nikator / von Fr. Imhoof-Blumer

Source:

Numismatisches Zeitschrift 27 (1895) p. 1-22, pl. 1-2

 

Index:

Imhoof-Blumer, Friedrich 1838-1920

Title:

Zur Münzkunde der Seleukiden / Friedrich Imhoof-Blumer

Source:

Numismatische Zeitschrift 46 (1913) p. 171-192, pl. 1-3

 

Index:

Iossif, Panagiotis P.

Title:

Apollo 'Toxotes' and the Seleukids : 'comme un air de famille' / Panagiotis P. Iossif

Source:

More than men, less than gods : studies on royal cult and imperial worship : proceedings of the international colloquium organized by the Belgian School at Athens (November 1 - 2, 2007) / ed. by Panagiotis P. Iossif, Andrzej S. Chankowski and Catharine C. Lorber. - Leuven [etc.] : Peeters, 2011. - P. 229-291

 

Index:

Iossif, Panagiotis P.

Title:

Celestial imagery on the eastern coinage of Antiochus IV / Panagiotis P. Iossif, Catharine C. Lorber

Source:

Mesopotamia 44 (2009) p. 129-146

 

Index:

Iossif, Panagiotis P.

Title:

The elephantarches bronze of Seleucos I Nikator / Panagiotis P. Iossif, Catharine C. Lorber

Source:

Syria 87 (2010) p. 147-164

Abstract:

A new specimen of Seleucos Nikator’s bronze coin with the types seated figure/horned elephant head (SC 25) reveals details that identify the obverse type as Dionysos in his aspect as patron of Indian war elephants. Elephants are prominent on the coinage of Seleucos, where they serve as symbols of kingship and victory. Dionysos is represented on an important silver coinage of Susa that celebrates Seleucos’ victory at Ipsos. The Dionysos/horned elephant head bronzes may celebrate the same victory, or possibly that at Korupedion. Though a royal god under Seleucos, Dionysos mysteriously disappeared from the coinage of his successors until the reign of Seleucos IV. However the horned portraits of Seleucos II and Antiochos III may assimilate these kings to Dionysos

 

Index:

Iossif, Panagiotis P.

Title:

Laodikai and the goddess Nikephoros / Panagiotis Iossif, Catharine Lorber

Source:

L'Antiquité Classique 76 (2007) p. 63-88

 

Index:

Kritt, Brian

Title:

Three Seleucid notes / Brian Kritt, Oliver D. Hoover and Arthur Houghton

Source:

American Journal of Numismatics 2nd ser. 12 (2000) p. 93-112, pl. 18-20

 

Index:

Lacroix, Léon

Title:

Copies de statues sur les monnaies des Séleucides / [L. Lacroix]

Source:

Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 73 (1949) p. 158-176

 

Index:

Le Rider, Georges 1928-

Title:

Antiochos IV (175-164) et le monnayage de bronze séleucide / [Georges Le Rider]

Source:

Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 118 (1994) 1 p. 17-34

 

Index:

Le Rider, Georges 1928-

Title:

Un atelier monétaire séleucide dans la province de la Mer Erythrée? / Georges Le Rider

Source:

Revue Numismatique. 6e sér. 7 (1965) p. 36-43

 

Index:

Le Rider, Georges 1928-

Title:

Deux nouveaux tétradrachmes frappés à Suse / Georges Le Rider

Source:

Revue Numismatique. 6e sér. 20 (1978) p. 33-37

 

Index:

Le Rider, Georges 1928-

Title:

L'enfant-roi Antiochos et la reine Laodice / [Georges Le Rider]

Source:

Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 110 (1986) 1 p. 409-417

 

Index:

Le Rider, Georges 1928-

Title:

Le Golfe Persique à l'époque Séleucide : exploration archéologique et trouvailles monétaires / Georges Le Rider

Source:

Revue Numismatique. 6e sér. 31 (1989) p. 248-252

 

Index:

Le Rider, Georges 1928-

Title:

Monnaies de bronze séleucides en Iran / Georges Le Rider

Source:

Revue Numismatique. 6e sér. 14 (1972) p. 260-263

 

Index:

Le Rider, Georges 1928-

Title:

Note sur les marques de valeur des bronzes d'Antiochos IV (175-164) / Georges Le Rider

Source:

Revue Numismatique 153 (1998) p. 45-48

 

Index:

Le Rider, Georges 1928-

Title:

La politique monétaire des Séleucides en Coelé Syrie et en Phénicie après 200 / [Georges Le Rider]

Source:

Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 119 (1995) 1 p. 391-404

 

Index:

Le Rider, Georges 1928-

Title:

Les ressources financières de Séleucos IV (187-175) et le paiement de l'indemnité aux Romains / Georges Le Rider

Source:

Cahiers du Centre Gustave Glotz 4 (1993) p. 23-24

 

Index:

Lorber, Catharine C.

Title:

Antiochus III hoard. [Text] / Catherine Lorber and Arthur Houghton

Source:

American Joiurnal of Numismatics 2nd ser. 21 (2009) p. 89-104

Abstract:

A Hellenistic tetradrachm hoard recorded from commerce brought to light a new Antigonid variety as well as a tetradrachm of Antiochus III that raises questions about the treatment of Uncertain Mint 68 (part of Newell’s Nisibis) in 'Seleucid coins', part 1.

 

Index:

Lorber, Catharine C.

Title:

Antiochus III hoard. [Plates] / Catherine Lorber and Arthur Houghton

Source:

American Joiurnal of Numismatics 2nd ser. 21 (2009) pl. 8-13

 

Index:

MacDonald, George 1862-1940

Title:

Early Seleucid portraits. [I] / [George MacDonald]

Source:

Journal of Hellenic Studies 23 (1903) p. 92-116, pl. 1-2

 

Index:

MacDonald, George 1862-1940

Title:

Early Seleucid portraits. II / [George MacDonald]

Source:

Journal of Hellenic Studies 27 (1907) p. 145-159, pl. 13-14

 

Index:

MacDonald, George 1862-1940

Title:

Seltene und unedirte Seleukidenmünzen / [George MacDonald]

Source:

Zeitschrift für Numismatik 29 (1912) p. 89-106, pl. 4-5

 

Index:

McDowell, Robert Harbold 1894-

Title:

Coins from Seleucia on the Tigris / by Robert Harbold McDowell

Series:

University of Michigan studies. Humanistic series ; vol. 37

Published:

Ann Arbor : University of Michigan Press, 1935

 

Index:

Mittag, Peter Franz

Title:

Blood and money : on the loyalty of the Seleucid army / Peter Franz Mittag

Source:

Electrum 14 (2008) p. 47-56

 

Index:

Moore, Wayne

Title:

A serrated issue of Demetrius I from Seleucia on the Tigris / Wayne Moore

Source:

Revue Numismatique. 6e sér. 29 (1987) p. 21-24

Abstract:

A rare bronze issue of the Seleucid king Demetrius I, carrying his portrait and employing serrated flans, is proposed to have been produced at the mint of Seleucia on the Tigris. In support of this attribution evidence involving consideration of typological characteristics, metrology and provenance is presented. These factors are compared, in a contrasting manner, with characteristics of the contemporary royal bronze coinage issued at Antioch on the Orontes.

 

Index:

Mørkholm, Otto 1930-1983

Title:

Le monnayage de Séleucus IV à Nisibe / O. Mørkholm

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 7 (1965) p. 44-50

 

Index:

Newell, Edward Theodore 1886-1941

Title:

The coinage of the eastern Seleucid mints from Seleucus I to Antiochus III / by Edward T. Newell

Series:

Numismatic studies ; no. 1

Published:

New York : American Numismatic Society, 1938

 

Index:

Newell, Edward Theodore 1886-1941

Title:

The first Seleucid coinage of Tyre / by Edward T. Newell

Series:

Numismatic notes and monographs ; 10

Published:

New York : American Numismatic Society, 1921

 

Index:

Ringel, Joseph

Title:

Un trésor de tétradrachmes séleucides retiré de la mer de Haïfa (Israël) / Joseph Ringel

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 16 (1974) p. 42-48

 

Index:

Saulcy, Louis Félicien Joseph Caignart de 1807-1880

Title:

Mémoire sur les monnaies datées des Séleucides / par De Saulcy

Published:

Paris : Société Française de Numismatique et d'Archéologie, 1871

 

Index:

Spaer, Arnold

Title:

Le trésor séleucide de la mer de Haïfa : complément / Arnold Spaer

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 20 (1978) p. 43-45

 

Index:

Wright, Nicholas Luke 1981-

Title:

The iconography of succession under the late Seleukids / Nicholas L. Wright

Source:

Ancient coins from Asia Minor and the East : selections from the Colin Pitchfork Collection / Nicholas L. Wright ; with contrib. by O. Bopearachchi ... [et al.]. - [S.l.] : Numismatic Association of Australia, cop. 2011. - (Ancient coins in Australian collecttions ; vol. 2). - P. 41-46