11. Paphlagonia, Bithynia, Pontus

Index:

Amandry, Michel 1949-

Title:

Pontica. II: Les monnaies de l'atelier de Sebastopolis du Pont / Michel Amandry et Bernard Rémy

Series:

Varia Anatolica ; 10

Published:

Istanbul : Institut Français d'Études Anatoliennes Georges Dumézil, 1998

 

Index:

Amandry, Michel 1949-

Title:

La production monétaire des cités pontiques à l'époque impériale : synchronismes et quantification / Michel Amandry

Source:

Quantifying monetary supplies in Greco-Roman times / François de Callataÿ (ed.). - Bari : Edipuglia, 2011. – (Pragmateiai ; 19). - P. 303-310

 

Index:

Arikan Erciyas, Deniz Burcu

Title:

Studies in the archaeology of Hellenistic Pontus : the settlements, monuments, and coinage of Mithradates VI an his predecessors / D. Burcu Arikan Erciyas

Published:

[Cincinnati] : University of Cincinnati, 2001

 

Index:

Blanchet, Jules Adrien 1866-1957

Title:

La jambe humaine de Sinope / par Adrien Blanchet

Source:

Florilegium ou recueil de travaux d’érudition dédiés a Monsieur le Marquis Melchior de Vogüe a l’occasion du quatre-vingtième anniversaire de sa naissance 18. Octobre 1909.- Paris : Impr. nationale, 1909. - P. 59-63

 

Index:

Boehringer, Christof 1934-

Title:

Hellenistischer Münzschatz aus Trapezunt 1970 / Christof Boehringer

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 54 (1975) p. 37-64, pl. 2-10

 

Index:

Bricault, Laurent 1963-

Title:

Retour sur les monnaies de Gangra-Germanicopolis de Paphlagonie / Bricault (Laurent), Delrieux (Fabrice)

Source:

Bulletin de la Société Française de Numismatique 71 (2016) 2 (février) p. 62-66

 

Index:

Callataÿ, François Philippe Edouard Léon de 1961-

Title:

Abydos sur Aesillas / François de Callataÿ

Source:

Charaktér : aphiérōma stē Mántō Oikonomídou. - Athéna : T.A.P.A., 1997. - P. 81-91

Abstract:

The coin cabinet of the Kunsthistorisches Museum (Vienna) possesses a Hellenistic tetradrachm of Abydus overstruck on Aesillas (Macedonia). It even seems that the tetradrachm of Aesillas belong to the second issues of these coins (c. 75-65 BC) with important consequences for the chronology of the Abydus coinage which must be lowered for nearly half a century. A large but incomplete die-study is given for the Abydus tetradrachms (35 obverse dies for 126 coins), as well as the hoard evidence (3 hoards only: IGCH 914, 971 and 1322). The main consequence of this overstrike is to show that these Hellenistic tetradrachms struck at Abydus, like those struck at Tenedus, are considerably later than the wreathed coinages issued by many cities around 150 BC (Aegeae, Heraklea, Kyme, Lebedus, Magnesia, Myrina and Smyrna).

 

Index:

Callataÿ, François Philippe Edouard Léon de 1961-

Title:

Apollon délien ou divinité sinopéenne ? : l'iconographie des tétradrachmes de Mithridate Evergète / François de Callataÿ

Source:

Bulletin du Cercle d'Etudes Numismatiques 28 (1991) 2 (avril-juin) p. 29-37

 

Index:

Callataÿ, François Philippe Edouard Léon de 1961-

Title:

Byzantion over Mithradates Eupator : how the Pontic king paid his Thracian mercenaries after the treaty of Dardanos (85 BC) / François de Callataÿ

Source:

Notae Numismaticae 8 (2013) p. 95-100, pl. 1-2

 

Index:

Callataÿ, François Philippe Edouard Léon de 1961-

Title:

Certains alexandres de Mésembria et le problème des imitations / François de Callataÿ

Source:

Cahiers Numismatiques 91 (mars 1987) p. 238-242

Abstract:

An obverse die for the late Alexanders of Mesembria (1st c. BC) is linked with one reverse which presents all the characteristic of an official tool produced by the mint and many others which would have been otherwise classified as degenerated imitations (the legend is not only grossly incorrect; it is entirely stylised and the fabric is extremely coarse). Instead to invent the fancy story of an official obverse die taken by the surroundings Thracian tribes striking imitations, it seems wiser to admit that official production could at that time and place be very defectuous (under our modern criteria).

 

Index:

Callataÿ, François Philippe Edouard Léon de 1961-

Title:

Certains bronzes du roi Pylémène de Paphlagonie probablement contremarqués par Mithridate Eupator / François de Callataÿ

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 150 (Mai 1988) p. 34-37

Abstract:

A bronze coin of king Pylaimenes (Paphlagonia) kept at the Brussels Coin cabinet has been countermarked with the letters BA surrounded by an ivy wreath which makes immediately think to the king (Ba[sileus]) Mithridates Eupator. The last days of the history of the kingdom of Paphlagonia are evoked. Another bronze of Pylaimenes has been countermarked (British Museum) twice with monograms which both could be found on the royal series struck about the same time in Pontus and in Bithynia.

 

Index:

Callataÿ, François Philippe Edouard Léon de 1961-

Title:

Coins and archaeology : the (mis)use of Mithridatic coins for chronological purposes in the Bosporan area / François de Callataÿ

Source:

Chronologies of the Black Sea area in the period, c.400-100 BC / ed. by Vladimir F. Stolba and Lise Hannestad. - Aarhus : Aarhus University Press, 2005. - (Black Sea studies ; 3). – P. 119-136

 

Index:

Callataÿ, François Philippe Edouard Léon de 1961-

Title:

Les derniers rois de Bithynie : problèmes de chronologie / François de Callataÿ

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 132 (1986) p. 5-30, pl. 1-5

Abstract:

A full die-study is given of the royal Bithynian tetradrachms for the years 98/7-74/3 BC. Monograms (control-marks) show that two mints were at work at the same type but with no connection (die-link) between themselves during the years 93/2-89/8 BC. Moreover, it seems likely to recognize two different portraits during these years. Hence the hypothesis that one is representing Nicomedes IV Philopator while the other would be for Socrates Chrestos, the usurper supported by Mithridates of Pontus. Surprisingly enough, the last Bithynian royal tetradrachms were struck in 75/4 and 74/3 BC, after many years with no strikes at all. We know that Mithridates of Pontus struck suddenly and intensively from February 75 BC. Instead to consider that Nicomedes IV was kind enough to make a last strike in order to help modern historians to date his death (then in 73 BC), it seems more appropriate tothink that the se last strikes are posthumous and that the intense preparations made by Mithridates in February 75 BC must coincide with the recent news of the death of Philopator and the bequest of his kingdom to Rome.

 

Index:

Callataÿ, François Philippe Edouard Léon de 1961-

Title:

The first royal coinages of Pontus (from Mithradates III to Mithradates V) / François de Callataÿ

Source:

Mithridates VI and the Pontic kingdom / ed. by Jakob Munk Højte. - Aarhus : Aarhus University Press, cop. 2009. - (Black Sea Studies ; 9). - P. 63-94

Abstract:

This paper gives a die-study for the Pontic kings who preceded Mithradates Eupator (c. 120-63 BC), namely Mithridates III (2 staters, 19 tetradrachms and 2 drachms), Pharnakes I (1 stater, 24 tetradrachms and 16 drachms), Mithridates IV (1 stater and 14 tetradrachms), Mithridates IV and Laodike (5 tetradrachms), Laodike (Laodice) alone (1 tetradrachm) and Mithridates V (1 tetradrachm). Many of these issues were still unknown in 1860. For different reasons (including metrology), the revisionnist sequence proposed by H. Mattingly has to be rejected (as a unique stater in the name of Laodike which is likely to be a modern counterfeit). Compared with other royal Hellenistic coinages (Alexander the Great, Demetrius Poliorcetes, Nicomedes of Bithynia, Attalids), these Pontic issues of tetradrachms appear as struck on a limited scale. The pattern of Pontic hoards also invites us to admit that predecessors of Mithridates Eupator never struck vast amounts of coins. They did nothing in this respect to encourage trade or facilitate the small transactions of their citizens. They cannot be suspected to have ever had any policy of this kind.

 

Index:         

Callataÿ, François Philippe Edouard Léon de 1961-

Title:

La monétarisation tardive du Pont et de la Paphlagonie / François de Callataÿ

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 153 (2007) p. 1-8

Abstract:

Numismatic evidence may be misleading to estimate the level of monetization.  Despite what could be inferred at first sight from the monetary output of the mints located in Pontus and Paphlagonia (on the northern shores of modern Turkey), this area was monetized late.  Only sigloi, high valuable silver denominations unfit for daily transactions, were minted in Sinope, first during the 5th c., then – and in large quantities – in Amisus and Sinope during the 4th c.  It is likely that these issues, despite their civic aspect, were minted for and sometimes by Persian authorities.  These areas did not make a larger use of coins before Mithradates Eupator, at the beginning of the 1st c., two centuries later than in Bithynia.

 

Index:         

Callataÿ, François Philippe Edouard Léon de 1961-

Title:

La politique monétaire de Mithridate VI Eupator, roi du Pont (120/63 av. J.-C.) / [François de Callataÿ]

Published:

Louvain-la-Neuve : Séminaire de numismatique Marcel Hoc, 1987

Note:

Offprint from: Rythmes de la production monétaire, de l'antiquité à nos jours : actes du colloque international organisé à Paris du 10 au 12 janvier 1986 / éd. par Georges Depeurot, Tony Hackens et Ghislaine Moucharte ; préf. de Jacques Campet. - Louvain-la-Neuve : Séminaire de numismatique Marcel Hoc, 1987. – P. 55-66

 

Index:         

Callataÿ, François Philippe Edouard Léon de 1961-

Title:

Le premier monnayage de la cité d'Amastris (Paphlagonie) / François de Callataÿ

Source:

Schweizerische  Numismatische Rundschau 83 (2004) p. 57-80, pl. 9-11

 

Index:         

Callataÿ, François Philippe Edouard Léon de 1961-

Title:

Productions et circulations monétaires dans le Pont, la Paphlagonie et la Bithynie : deux horizons différents (Ve-Ier s. av. J.-C.) / François de Callataÿ

Source:

Nomisma : la circulation monétaire dans le monde grec antique ; actes du colloque international, Athènes, 14-17 avril 2010 / ed. par Thomas Faucher, Marie-Christine Marcellesi, Olivier Picard. - Athènes : École Française d'Athènes, 2011. - P. 455-482

Abstract:

The Pontic area was monetized much later than the neighbouring Bithynia. To realize how much it was the case, we need to go further than to consider the simple existence of monetary issues. We need to observe what kind of coins were issued, what kind of hoards were recovered and not to forget the testimony of Xenophon.

 

Index:

Callataÿ, François Philippe Edouard Léon de 1961-

Title:

La révision de la chronologie des bronzes de Mithridate Eupator et ses conséquences sur la datation des monnayages et des sites du Bosphore cimmérien / par Fr. de Callataÿ 

Source:

Une ‘koinè’ pontique : cités grecques, sociétés indigènes et empires mondiaux sur le littoral nord de la mer Noire : VIIe s. a.C.-IIIe s. p.C. / textes réunis par Alain Bresson, Askold Ivantchik et Jean-Louis Ferrary. - Bordeaux : Ausonius, 2007. - P. 271-308

 

Index:

Chabouillet, Jean Marie Anatole 1814-1899

Title:

Dissertation sur un statère d'or du roi inconnu Acès ou Acas / par A. Chabouillet

Published:

Paris : impr. de Ch. Lahure, 1866

Note:

Offprint from: Mémoires de la Société Impériale des Antiquaires de France 29 (1866)

 

Index:

Çizmeli, Zeynep

Title:

Monnaies pontiques d'époque romaine au musée d'Istanbul au musée d'Istanbul / Zeynep Çizmeli, Michel Amandry et Bernard Rémy

Source:

Anatolia Antiqua, 3 (1995) p. 99-108

 

Index:

Dalaison, Julie 1975-

Title:

Abônoteichos-Ionopolis et son atelier monétaire / Julie Dalaison, Fabrice Delrieux, Marie-Claire Ferriès

Source:

Arcana Imperii : mélanges d'histoire économique, sociale et politique, offerts au professeur Yves Roman. Vol. I / éd. par Clément Chillet, Cyril Courrier et Laure Passet. - Lyon : Société des amis de Jacob Spon, cop. 2015. - Mémoires de la Société des amis de Jacob Spon. - P. 91-206

 

Index:

Dalaison, Julie 1975-

Title:

L'atelier monétaire de Pompeiopolis en Paphlagonie / Julie Dalaison

Source:

Des déserts d'Afrique au pays des Allobroges : mélanges offerts à François Bertrandy. T. 1 / textes réunis et éd. par Fabrice Delrieux et François Kayser. - Chambéry : Université de Savoie, 2010. - (Collection Sociétés, religions, politiques ; no. 16). - P. 45-81

 

Index:

Dalaison, Julie 1975-

Title:

La cité de Néapolis-Néoclaudiopolis : histoire et pratiques monétaires / Julie Dalaison et Fabrice Delrieux

Source:

Anatolia Antiqua 22 (2014) p. 159-198

 

Index:

Dalaison, Julie 1975-

Title:

Les divinités d’origine indigène et iranienne sur le monnayage des cités du Pont sous les premiers Sévères / Julie Dalaison, Bernard Rémy

Source:

Revue Numismatique, 170 (2013) p. 29-60

Abstract:

It is probably at the end of 114 AD that the cities of Galatic and Polemoniac Pontus, previously belonging to Galatia, were moved to Cappadocia. Among the pantheon of deities depicted on their coinage we ind native Iranian and Graeco-Roman gods. Save for Sebastopolis, each of the other cities celebrated on its coins a native or Iranian deity of its own. The persistence of this practice during the Severan period is not linked to some renewed interest in a remote past, but rather conirms how important were local and Iranian inluences in Pontus. Even so, the gods as depicted have evolved markedly, the result of a history in which different layers have superimposed themselves.

 

Index:

Dalaison, Julie 1975-

Title:

Qui était Salomé ? / Julie Dalaison

Source:

Revue des Études Anciennes 115 (2013) 2 p. 497-507

Abstract:

Some coins emitted by the city of Nicopolis in Armenia Minor show the portraits of the king Aristobulus and his wife Salome. This mint raises the question of the true identity of Salome, in order to know if she was the famous Salome – ' Salome of the Seven Veils' – who, by order of her mother Herodias, would have charmed Antipas in dancing to obtain the head of John the Baptist. Going over the accounts of Flavius Josephus writings and the Gospels, together with a reassessment of several aspects of the deeply complex genealogy of the Herodians, this article attempts to show that in fact there were two different women.

 

Index:

Güney, Hale

Title:

Unpublished coins of the Bithynian Kingdom / Hale Güney

Published:

London : Royal Numismatic Society, 2015

Note:

Offprint from: Numismatic Chronicle 175 (2015) p. 357-363, pl. 55-64

 

Index:

Güney, Hale

Title:

Unpublished coins of the Bithynian koinon / Hale Güney

Source:

Arkeoloji ve Sanat 149 (Mayus-Ağustos 2015) p. 83-88

Abstract:

The aim of this paper is to present 15 unpublished coins of the Bithynian Koinon struck under Hadrian in the collections of Iznik, Sakarya, Bolu and Bursa Museums. Provenance of these coins is unknown. Three of these coins are silver while the rest of them are bronze issues. Providing the evidence for the circulation of koinon coins, the paper shortly evaluates economic and numismatic purposes of koinon coins.

 

Index:

Güney, Hale

Title:

Same type, different legend : Anchiale or Soloi? / Hale Güney

Source:

Adalya 17 (2014) p. 45-54

Abstract:

Utilizing the two known coin examples of Anchiale that bear a Greek legend, this study discusses two possibilities of whether these two names refer to two different cities or to one city with two different names. Due to the impossibility of taking only two coins as evidence enough to support either of the hypotheses suggested in this study, it is concluded that more specimens are needed to achieve a more concise identification and interpretation of the coin at hand. Consequently, contributions and criticism both from public and private collectors as well as academicians will help to advance the debate to further certainties.

 

Index:

Kaye, Noah

Title:

The silver tetradrachms of Prousias II of Bithynia / Noah Kaye

Source:

American Journal of Numismatics 2nd ser. 25 (2013) P. 21-48, pl. 4-24

Abstract:

This is a comprehensive die study of the silver tetradrachms of Prousias II of Bithynia. It classifies 187 coins by die and by monogram. A new chronological framework for the coinage is laid out, incorporating much hoard evidence brought to light since the last attempt at a synthesis. The iconography of the coinage is also examined in depth, with an argument advanced that the term ‘winged diadem’ is an incorrect description of Prousias’s royal attribute in his coin portraits. The evidence of the monograms for the administrative system of the kingdom is examined. The modest size of this coinage and the concentration of Prousias’s minting of silver in the final years of the reign are explained with reference to historical context and geography. The circulation pattern exposed provides a fascinating counterpoint to the well documented flow of Attic-weight silver into the Seleukid empire from the west in the mid-second century BCE.

 

Index:

Imhoof-Blumer, Friedrich 1838-1920

Title:

Die Kupferprägungen des mithradatischen Reiches und andere Münzen des Pontus und Paphlagoniens /  Friedrich Imhoof-Blumer

Source:

Numismatische Zeitschrift 45 (1912) p. 169-192, pl. 1-2

 

Index:

Köker, Hüseyin

Title:

The Greek coins of Black Sea Region at Burdur Archaeological Museum / Hüseyin Köker

Source:

Colloquium Anatolicum 7 (2008) p. 229-245

 

Index:

Lenger, Dinçer Savas

Title:

Coins from the Tieion excavations, including an unpublished Koinon Bithynion coin / by Dinçer Savas Lenger

Published:

London : Royal Numismatic Society, 2012

Note:

Offprint from: Numismatic Chronicle 172 (2012) p. 343-346

 

Index:

Michels, Christoph 1977-

Title:

Zur Ikonographie der Bronzemünzen Prusias’ I. und II. von Bithynien / Christoph Michels

Source:

Bildwert : nominalspezifische Kommunikationsstrategien in der Münzprägung hellenistischer Herrscher : Kolloquium vom 17.-18. Juni 2010 in Münster / hrsg. von  Achim Lichtenberger … [et al.]. - Bonn : Habelt, 2014. - (Euros ; Bd. 2). - P. 225-246

 

Index:

Mosch, Hans-Christoph von

Title:

Die Antinoos-Medaillons von Bithynion-Klaudiopolis / Hans-Christoph von Mosch

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 80 (2001) p. 109-126, pls. 12-13

 

Index:

Newell, Edward Theodore 1886-1941

Title:

The Alexandrine coinage of Sinope / by Edward T. Newell

Source:

American Journal of Numismatics 52 (1918) p. 117-127, pls. 1-2

 

Index:

Picard, Olivier 1940-

Title:

Un thème alexandrin sur un médaillon de Begram : la cuisson symbolique du porc / [Charles Picard]

Source:

Bulletin de Correspondence Hellénique 84 (1960) 2 p. 509-527

 

Index:

Prou, Maurice 1861-1930

Title:

Monnaie de Polèmon II, roi du Pont / [Maurice Prou]

Source:

Mélanges d'Archéologie et d'Histoire 6 (1886) p. 284-286

 

Index:

Raoul-Rochette, Désiré 1789-1854

Title:

Antiquités grecques du Bosphore-Cimmérien / publiées et expliquées par M. Raoul-Rochette.

Published:

Paris : Firmin Didot, père et fils, 1822

 

Index:

Reinach, Théodore 1860-1928

Title:

Essai sur la numismatique de rois de Bithynie / par Théodore Reinach

Published:

Paris : Rollin et Feuardent, 1888

Note:

Offprint from: Revue Numismatique 3e sér. 5 (1887)

 

Index:

Reinach, Théodore 1860-1928

Title:

Essai sur la numismatique des rois de Pont (dynastie des Mithridate) / par Théodore Reinach

Published:

Paris : Rollin et Feuardent, 1888

Note:

Offprint from: Revue Numismatique 3e sér. 6 (1888)

 

Index:

Reinach, Théodore 1860-1928

Title:

Monnaies inédites d'Asie Mineure : (supplément à la numismatique des royaumes de Cappadoce, de Bithynie et de Pont) / [Théodore Reinach]

Source:

Revue Numismatique 3e sér. 9 (1891) p. 361-401, pl. 14

 

Index:

Reinach, Théodore 1860-1928

Title:

Numismatique ancienne : trois royaumes de l'Asie Mineure : Cappadoce-Bithynie-Pont / par Théodore Reinach

Published:

Paris : Rollin et Feuardent, 1888

 

Index:

Rémy, Bernard 1942-

Title:

L'apport des monnaies locales aux fastes de la province sénatoriale de Pont- Bithynie (27 av. J.-C.) / [Bernard Rémy]

Source:

Arkeoloji Dergisi 1 (1999) p. 153-163

 

Index:

Robinson, Edward Stanley Gotch 1887-1976

Title:

A find of coins of Sinope / [E.S.G. Robinson]

Source:

Numismatic Chronicle 4th ser. 20 (1920) p. 1-16, pl. 1

 

Index:

Six, Jan Pieter 1824-1899

Title:

Sinope / [J.P. Six]

Source:

Numismatic Chronicle 3rd ser. 5 (1885) p. 17-65, pl. 2

 

Index:

Türkoğlu, İnci

Title:

The civic coinage of Calchedon / İnci Türkoğlu

Source:

Birinci Uluslararasi Anadolu Para Tarihi ve Numismatik Kongresi : bildiriler = First International Congress of the Anatolian Monetary History and Numismatics / editörler: Dortluk, Kayhan, Oguz Tekin, Remziye Boyraz Seyhan ; [İngilizce editörü: Mark Wilson], - Antalya : Suna-İnan Kıraç Akdeniz Medeniyetleri Araştırma Enstitüsü, 2014. - P. 589-906

 

Index:

Waddington, William Henry 1826-1894

Title:

Recueil général des monnaies grecques d'Asie mineure. T. I. Fasc. 1: Pont et Paphlagonie / commencé par W.H. Waddington ; continué et complété par E. Babelon, Th. Reinach

Published:

Paris : Leroux, 1904

 

Index:

Waddington, William Henry 1826-1894

Title:

Recueil général des monnaies grecques d'Asie mineure. T. I. Fasc. 2: Bithynie (jusqu'à Juliopolis) / commencé par W.H. Waddington ; continué et complété par E. Babelon, Th. Reinach

Published:

Paris : Leroux, 1908

 

Index:

Weiser, Wolfram

Title:

Katalog der Bithynischen Münzen der Sammlung des Instituts für Altertumskunde der Universität zu Köln. Bd. 1: Nikaia : mit einer Untersuchung der Prägesysteme und Gegenstempel / von Wolfram Weiser

Series:

Abhandlungen der Rheinisch-Westfälischen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Sonderreihe, Papyrologica Coloniensia ; vol. 11

Published:

Opladen : Westdeutscher Verlag, 1983

 

Index:

Weiser, Wolfram

Title:

Römische Stadtmünzen aus Bithynia et Pontus : addenda und corrigenda zum recueil general / Wolfram Weiser

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 68 (1989) p. 47-74, pl. 2-6

 

Index:

Wojan, Franck

Title:

Kérasonte du Pont sous l'Empire romain : étude historique et corpus monétaire / Franck Wojan

Source:

Revue Numismatique 159 (2003) p. 257-290, pl. 10-12

Abstract:

The Pontic city of Cerasus struck bronze coins under the Roman Empire, more precisely between the reigns of Hadrian and Severus Alexander. Our corpus consists in 53 coins with portraits of emperors on the obverse and religious types on the reverse. The study of these types on the reverse, with (limited) archaeological, epigraphical and literary data, give us a picture of this antique city and the surrounding Pontic coast, hitherto unknown and neglected by historians.

 

Index:

Wojan, Franck

Title:

Trapézonte du Pont sous l'Empire romain : étude historique et corpus monétaire / Franck Wojan

Source:

Revue Numismatique 162 (2006) p. 181-229, pl. 17-33

Abstract:

The ancient Pontic city of Trapezus (now called Trabzon, in Turkey) issued a bronze coinage under the Roman Empire (between the reign of Trajan - 98-1 17 A.D. - and the reign of Philip - 244-249 A.D. - to be more precise). First of all, this article aims at putting the ancient city back in its historical context (Antiquity) and also in its geographical context (the South-East basin of Pontus-Euxinus and the Northern littoral of the Anatolian Peninsula). Nowadays, the following corpus lists a range of 259 items spread over 20 issues. To finish, some statistics will allow us to characterize the Trapezus monetary workshop, which more or less functioned like most of its neighbours', and whose purpose was to supply the city and its area with divisonal coins.

 

Index:

Wroth, Warwick William 1858-1911

Title:

Catalogue of Greek coins. Pontus, Paphlagonia, Bithynia, and the kingdom of Bosporus / by Warwick Wroth ; ed. by Reginald Stuart Poole

Series:

Catalogue of Greek coins in the British Museum ; [12]

Published:

London : Trustees [of the British Museum], 1889