07. Macedonia, Thrace, Paionia

Index:

Bauslaugh, Robert A.

Title:

Silver coinage with the types of Aesillas the Quaestor / by Robert A. Bauslaugh

Series:

Numismatic studies ; no. 22

Published:

New York : American Numismatic Society, 2000

 

Index:

Bellinger, Alfred Raymond 1893-1978

Title:

Essays on the coinage of Alexander the Great / by Alfred R. Bellinger

Series:

Numismatic studies ; no. 11

Published:

New York : American Numismatic Society, 1963

 

Index:

Bloesch, Hansjörg 1910-1992

Title:

Die Löwen von Skione / Hansjörg Bloesch

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 38 (1957) p. 5-10, pl. 1

 

Index:

Bompois, Hubert Ferdinand 1813-

Title:

Examen chronologique des monnaies frappées par la communauté des Macédoniens avant, pendant et après la conquête romaine / par H.-Ferdinand Bompois

Published:

Paris : Detaille, 1876

 

Index:

Bompois, Hubert Ferdinand 1813-

Title:

* Des médailles restituées par M. Fr. Lenormant à Lyncus ou Héraclée de Lyncestide : examen de cette opinion / par Ferdinand Bompois

Published:

Paris : Rollin & Feuardent, 1867

 

Index:

Callataÿ, François de 1961-

Title:

À propos d'une série exceptionnelle de grands bronzes thasiens : (fin IVe-début IIIe siècle) / François de Callataÿ, Caroline Mattheeuws

Source:

Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 117 (1993) 1 p. 481-490

Abstract:

We publish a lot of 35 Thasian large bronze with type “Head of Demeter/ Busts of Dioscuri”, all of them countermarked with a club, for which we give a die-study (25 obverses and 29 reverses). In 9 cases, all of them of light weight and of crude style, these bronze coins have been overstruck on the type “Head of Heracles”. We are clearly dealing with a monetary reform for which the issuing authority first tried to strike large bronzes of good style on new and heavy blanks before becoming less careful, recycling old coins and paying less attention to style. This interesting issue which was uniformly countermarked afterwards offers a good testimony of financial difficulties the city of Thasos experienced during the last quarter of the 4th c. or the beginning of the 3rd c. BC.

 

Index:

Callataÿ, François Philippe Edouard Léon de 1961-

Title:

The coins in the name of Sura / François de Callataÿ

Source:

Coins of Macedonia and Rome : essays in honour of Charles Hersh / ed. by Andrew Burnett, Ute Wartenberg and Richard Witschonke. - London : Spink, 1998. – P.  113-117, pl. 10-11

Abstract:

All the 5 known tetradachms of Aesillas with the name SVVRA (for Q. Bruttius Sura) have been struck by the same pair of dies. The obverse is linked to regular Aesillas issues (6 coins known for 6 different reverses). We also give a full die-study for the tetradrachms of Thasian types with the letters Q SVR (2 obverses and 5 obverses) which are also linked to regular Thasian types. It seems likely that the Aesillas coinage was intented to pay Roman troops while the Thasian tetradrachms were to pay Thracian auxiliaries.

 

Index:

Callataÿ, François Philippe Edouard Léon de 1961-

Title:

Les derniers alexandres posthumes d'Odessos à la lumière d’une trouvaille récente / François de Callataÿ

Published:

[Berlin] : Akademie Verlag, [1998]

Note:

Offprint from: Stephanos nomismatikos : Edith Schönert-Geiss zum 65. Geburtstag / hrsg. von Ulrike Peter. - Berlin : Akademie Verlag, 1998. – P. 169-192

Abstract:

Before the publication of the book Les guerres mithridatiques vues par les monnaies (1997), this paper gives a first full die-study for the late posthumous Alexanders struck at Mesembria and Odessos (or Odessus). 226 tetradrachms for Odessos and 490 for Mesembria have been catalogued. For Mesembria, the main provenances are New York (66), Sofia (60), Burgas (43), Varna (38), London (33) and Paris (25). Tables are given for the hoards, the weights (with a clear decreasing for the last groups) and an attempt to quantify the volume of issues. Two main conclusions are worth to be noticed: 1) the proposed chronology is very similar with the one argued sepoarately by Ivan Karayotov and 2) these last issues of Alexander tetradrachms are not best understood as struck for the Mithridatic wars (only the last groups [Group 4 at Mesembria and Groups 2 and 3 at Odessos] may have been contemporary, i.e. less than 60 obverse dies).

 

Index:

Callataÿ, François François Philippe Edouard Léon de 1961-

Title:

Les derniers alexandres posthumes frappés à Odessos et Mésembria / François de Callataÿ

Source:

Poselišten život v drevna Trakija : 3. Meždunaroden sumpozium 'Kabile', 17-21 maj 1993, Jambol = Studies on settlement life in ancient Thrace : proceedings of the IIIrd International Symposium 'Cabyle', 17-21 May 1993 / [redaktor i săstavitel Dimităr Draganov]. - Jambol : Istoričeski muzej, 1994. - P. 300-342  

Abstract:

Before the publication of the book Les guerres mithridatiques vues par les monnaies (1997), this paper gives a first full die-study for the late posthumous Alexanders struck at Mesembria and Odessos (or Odessus). 226 tetradrachms for Odessos and 490 for Mesembria have been catalogued. For Mesembria, the main provenances are New York (66), Sofia (60), Burgas (43), Varna (38), London (33) and Paris (25). Tables are given for the hoards, the weights (with a clear decreasing for the last groups) and an attempt to quantify the volume of issues. Two main conclusions are worth to be noticed: 1) the proposed chronology is very similar with the one argued sepoarately by Ivan Karayotov and 2) these last issues of Alexander tetradrachms are not best understood as struck for the Mithridatic wars (only the last groups [Group 4 at Mesembria and Groups 2 and 3 at Odessos] may have been contemporary, i.e. less than 60 obverse dies).

 

Index:

Callataÿ, François François Philippe Edouard Léon de 1961-

Title:

Les derniers statères posthumes de Lysimaque émis à Istros, Tomis et Callatis / François de Callataÿ

Source:

Dobroudja 12 (1995) p. 39-50

Abstract:

A die-study is given of the late posthumous staters in the name of Lysimachus struck by the cities of Istros (14 coins for 1 obverse die), Tomis (57 coins for 7 obverses) and Callatis (48 coins for 6 obverses). These issues which may be dated from the beginning of the 1st c. BC may have served the ambitions of Mithridates Eupator, king of Pontus, although it is unlikely that the portrait of Mithridates himself is to be recognized under the traits of Alexander.

 

Index:

Callataÿ, François Philippe Edouard Léon de 1961-

Title:

Les monnaies au nom d'Aesillas / François de Callataÿ

Published:

Louvain-la-Neuve : Département d'Archéologie et d'Histoire de l'Art, Séminaire de Numismatique Marcel Hoc, 1996

Note:

Offprint from: Italiam fato profugi : hesperinaque venerunt litora : numismatic studies dedicated to Vladimir and Elvira Eliza Clain-Stefanelli / [ed. by Richard G. Doty and Tony Hackens]. - Louvain-la-Neuve : Département d'Archéologie et d'Histoire de l'Art, Séminaire de Numismatique Marcel Hoc, 1996. – P. 113-151

Abstract:

This full die-study (93 obverse dies for 554 tetradrachms) of the coinage in the name of Aesillas (now superseded in terms of size of sample by the one given by R.A. Bauslaugh) aims to put into historical perspective this intriguing coinage. It is important to notice that these tetradrachms didn't circulate outside the Roman province of Macedonia. To the name of Aesillas (which doesn't look Roman) are associated those of Suura (Sura) and Cae.Pr. (Caesar). The die-study shows that Sura is to be associated with the first phase of coinage, while Caesar comes at the end of the second phase. Between these two groups, we observe clear differences in terms of diameters (31mm versus 28mm) and weights (median at 16.75g versus 16.40g). Moreover and besides stylistic differences of engraving, coins of these two groups are exceptionnaly found together in published hoards. we are left thus with a huge coinage (c. 100 obverse dies for tetradrachms) issued in two phases: c. 20 obverse dies for the years c. 95-87 BC (here is to be placed Sura) and c. 80 obverse dies for the years c. 75-65 BC (here is to be placed Caesar). Most of this coinage cannot thus be linked with the first Mithridatic war. This scenario offers at least a satisfactory frame for two overstrikes  (Aesillas on Athens [c. 73/2 BC] and Byzantium [before 75 BC] on Aesillas).

 

Index:

Callataÿ, François François Philippe Edouard Léon de 1961-

Title:

A new silver denomination of Lysimachus : a unique hemidrachm (from Mytilene?) with Athena Parthenos on the reverse / F. de Callataÿ and R. Kan

Source:

Kermatia philias : timètikos tomos gia ton Iôannè Touratsoglou. A: Nomismatiki-epigrafiki / [ed. committee: Stella Drougou … et al.]. - Athens : Ministry of Culture, Numismatic Museum, 2009. - P. 109-115

Abstract:

An unpublished hemidrachm (1.85g) in the name of king Lysimachus recently appeared on the market. With this coin, we may not only add a new silver denomination to the coinage of Lysimachus but also an entirely new type. On the reverse, we see an image of Athena Parthenos, standing left, with a Nike in her extended right hand. From what we see in the inner left field of the reverse (letter M or the monogram MY and, possibly, a chelys or lyre in diagonal), it is tempting to attribute this unique hemidrachm to the mint of Mytilene. Except from Pamphylia and Cilicia, this is the first monetary occurrence for the Phidian Athena Parthenos. The most likely explanation for such a choice leads not to Athens but to the wish to emphasize peace after victory (we are not too long after Ipsus, 301 BC).

 

Index:

Callataÿ, François François Philippe Edouard Léon de 1961-

Title:

An overstrike of a Hellenistic tetradrachm of Thasian type on Athens in the Popina Hoard ('IGCH" 930') / F. de Callataÿ and I. Propokov

Source:

Nomismata Chronika 13 (1994) p. 37-42

Abstract:

A Hellenistic tetradrachm withe Thasian type of the Popina hoard (IGCH 930 - kept in the Museum of Silistra) has been overstruck on an Athenian stephanophoros belonging to the issue Herakleides-Eukles (c. 106 BC). The Thasian tetradrachm belongs to the bulk of these massive imitations. This overstrike provides valuable information about the withdrawal of Athenian tetradrachms at the very end of the 2nd c. BC.

 

Index:

Callataÿ, François Philippe Edouard Léon de 1961-

Title:

Le roi thrace Mostis et une surfrappe d'un alexandre tardif de Mésembria / François de Callataÿ

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 137 (1991) p. 37-45, pl. 2

 

Index:

Callataÿ, François Philippe Edouard Léon de 1961-

Title:

Un tétradrachme de Lysimaque : signé et le problème des signatures à la période hellénistique / par François de Callataÿ

Source:

Revue Archéologique (1995) 1 p. 23-37

Abstract:

The Brussels coin cabinet has recently acquired a tetradrachm in the name of Lysimachus with the minute letters Menod on the obverse under the truncation of the neck of Alexander, which it is most tempting to interpret as the name of the engraver. The letters Sosith on the reverse as well as the general style of the coin point to a provenance near or at Calchedon. We also takes this opportunity to provide the short list of supposed engraver's names on Hellenistic coinages (Zoilos in Macedonia under Philip V as well as other less clear cases at Paphos, Arados, Eretria, Alexandria, Chalcis and Mesembria).

 

Index:

Callataÿ, François Philippe Edouard Léon de 1961-

Title:

Un tétradrachme de Mithridate surfrappé à Maronée / François de Callataÿ

Published:

Lugano : [s.n., 1991]

Note:

Offprint from: Quaderni Ticinesi di Numismatica e Antichità Classiche 20 (1991) p. 213-226

Abstract:

A Hellenistic tetradrachm of Maroneia recently sold in Paris shows clear marks of overstrike. These marks allow to identify with certainty the overstruck type: a tetradrachm of Mithridates Eupator, king of Pontus, not struck before 88 BC (and likely to date to August 85 BC). This has important and damaging consequences for the chronology of Maroneian tetradrachms as established by E. Schönert-Geiss which is to be lowered from half a century. We also discuss another overstrike (kept in Berlin) of a tetradrachm of Maroneia on Aesillas which also strongly invites us to substantially lower the accepted chronology (most of these Maroneian tetradrachms were issued during the first decades of the 1s c. BC and not during the 2nd c. BC). A connection with the first Mithridatic war is therefore not to be excluded. We gives a review of all the Pontic monetary evidence found on the western shores of the Black Sea.

 

Index:

Callataÿ, François Philippe Edouard Léon de 1961-

Title:

Les tétradrachmes de Lysimaque frappés à Callatis / François de Callataÿ

Published:

[Bucureşti] : Ed. Academia Română, [1995]

Note:

Offprint from: Studii şi Cercetări de Numismatică 11 (1995) p. 55-58

Abstract:

A Hellenistic tetradrachm of Maroneia recently sold in Paris shows clear marks of overstrike. These marks allow to identify with certainty the overstruck type: a tetradrachm of Mithridates Eupator, king of Pontus, not struck before 88 BC (and likely to date to August 85 BC). This has important and damaging consequences for the chronology of Maroneian tetradrachms as established by E. Schönert-Geiss which is to be lowered from half a century. We also discuss another overstrike (kept in Berlin) of a tetradrachm of Maroneia on Aesillas which also strongly invites us to substantially lower the accepted chronology (most of these Maroneian tetradrachms were issued during the first decades of the 1s c. BC and not during the 2nd c. BC). A connection with the first Mithridatic war is therefore not to be excluded. We gives a review of all the Pontic monetary evidence found on the western shores of the Black Sea.

 

Index:

Callataÿ, François Philippe Edouard Léon de 1961-

Title:

Les tétradrachmes hellénistiques au nom des Thasiens et la circulation monétaire en Thrace aux IIe et Ier s. av. J.-C. / François de Callataÿ

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 154 (2008) p. 31-54, pl. 1-2

Abstract:

This paper offers some further thoughts to the book recently devoted by Ilya Prokopov to the late Hellenistic silver coinages struck with Thasian types (Die Silberprägung der Insel Thasos und die Tetradrachmen des «thasischen Typs» vom 2.-1. Jahrhundert v. Chr., Berlin, 2006). It focuses on weights, overstrikes and hoard compositions. All these data greatly benefit to be put into the broader perspective of the many silver coinages struck in the area. Tlie results generally strengthen Prokopov’s conclusions, although they introduce some variations about the sequence and the chronology of the issues.

 

Index:

Caramessini-Oeconomides, Mando

Title:

Un statère d'or trouvé à Amphipolis / Mando Caramessini-Oeconomides

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 9 (1967) p. 242-245

 

Index:

Chryssanthaki-Nagle, Katerina

Title:

Le monnayage d'Orthagoreia / Katerina Chryssanthaki-Nagle

Source:

Revue Numismatique 160 (2004)  p. 49-62

Abstract:

Orthagoreia is to be sought on the Thracian coast of the North Aegean, to the East of the city of Maroneia. The author argues that this city grew up on the site of Mesembria, an ancient colony of Samothrace. Orthagoreia began striking coins in the middle of the 4th century ВС with issues of silver hemidrachms and bronze units. By the end of the 4th century ВС, silver didrachms were issued. The iconographie similarity between the coinage of Orthagoreia and a silver issue of Philip II reveals a close relationship between this Greek city and the Macedonian kingdom established on the Thracian coast by the middle of the 4th century ВС.

 

Index:

Dahmen, Karsten

Title:

The Alexander busts of the Macedonian Koinon : new evidence for sequence and chronology / Karsten Dahmen

Source:

Numismatic Chronicle 165 (2005) p. 179-181, pl. 15

 

Index:

Draganov, Dimitar

Title:

Coins of the unknown mint Apros in Thrace / Dimitar Draganov

Source:

XIII Congreso Internacional de Numismática, Madrid, 2003 : actas = proceedings = actes. I / ed. por Carmen Alfaro, Carmen Marcos y Paloma Otero. - Madrid : Ministerio de Cultura, Subdirección General de Publicaciones, Información y Documentación, 2005. - P. 339-343

 

Index:

Draganov, Dimitar

Title:

Hat Alexander der Große Silbermünzen in Kabyle prägen lassen ? / Dimitar Draganov

Source:

Klio 66 (1984) 1 p. 74-84

 

Index:       

Fischer-Bossert, Wolfgang

Title:

Die Lysimacheier des Skostokos / Wolfgang Fischer-Bossert

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 151 (2005) p. 49-74, pl. 3-8

 

Index:

Fischer-Bossert, Wolfgang

Title:

Die Ziegen von Aigai / Wolfgang Fischer-Bossert

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 86 (2007) p. 23-27, pl. 4

Summary:

Many of the Greek cities whose name begins with the syllable Aig- struck coins with a goat, using the goat, aix, as a canting badge. As in other cases, scholars willingly embraced this clue for an attribution, without wondering why the Greeks had chosen this type. For a couple of years the attribution of the late archaic Macedonian staters with a goat to Macedonian Aegae has been challenged. In other cases, other 'goat badges' are certainly true. It is argued that this canting badge is derived from a popular etymology leading to some fanciful historical aetiologies from the 4th century bc onward. The syllable 'aig' has nothing to do with goats but with the geographical position of the cities in question, which were all situated in coastal regions. They would keep the name even if for some reason they were moved inland, and newly founded cities could use a traditional name without being on the coast.

 

Index:

Franke, Peter Robert 1926-

Title:

Zur Finanzpolitik des makedonischen Königs Perseus während des Krieges mit Rom 171-168 v. Chr. / Peter Robert Franke

Source:

Jahrbuch für Numismatik und Geldgeschichte 8 (1957) p. 31-50, pl. 2-4

 

Index:

Gaebler, Hugo 1868-1947

Title:

Die antiken Münzen von Makedonia und Paionia. 1. Abt.: Die Makedonischen Landesmünzen (mit Einschluss von Amphaxitis und Bottoiaia), das Provinzialgeld (nebst Beroia) und münzähnliche Gepräge makedonischen Ursprungs / bearb. von Hugo Gaebler

Series:

Die antiken Münzen Nord-Griechenlands ; Bd. 3

Published:

Berlin : Reimer, 1906

 

Index:

Gaebler, Hugo 1868-1947

Title:

Die antiken Münzen von Makedonia und Paionia. 2. Abt. / bearb. von Hugo Gaebler

Series:

Die antiken Münzen Nord-Griechenlands ; Bd. 3

Published:

Berlin : de Gruyter, 1935

 

Index:

Gaebler, Hugo 1868-1947

Title:

Zur Münzkunde Makedoniens. I: Die autonome Münzprägung der Makedonen, Amphaxier und Betteaten / [Hugo Gaebler]

Source:

Zeitschrift für Numismatik 20 (1897) p. 169-192, pl. 6

 

Index:

Gaebler, Hugo 1868-1947

Title:

Zur Münzkunde Makedoniens. II: Die Münzen der Derronen / [Hugo Gaebler]

Source:

Zeitschrift für Numismatik 20 (1897) p. 289-299

 

Index:

Gaebler, Hugo 1868-1947

Title:

Zur Münzkunde Makedoniens. III: Makedonien im Aufstand unter Andriskos ; Makedonien als römische Provinz / [Hugo Gaebler]

Source:

Zeitschrift für Numismatik 23 (1902) p. 141-189

 

Index:

Gaebler, Hugo 1868-1947

Title:

Zur Münzkunde Makedoniens. IV: Makadonien in der Kaiserzeit. I / [Hugo Gaebler]

Source:

Zeitschrift für Numismatik 24 (1904) p. 245-338, pls. 6-7

 

Index:

Gaebler, Hugo 1868-1947

Title:

Zur Münzkunde Makedoniens. V: Makadonien in der Kaiserzeit. II / [Hugo Gaebler]

Source:

Zeitschrift für Numismatik 25 (1906) p. 1-38, pls. 1-3

 

Index:

Gardner, Percy 1846-1937

Title:

The date of king Mostis, and of certain later coins of Thasos / [Percy Gardner]

Source:

Numismatic Chronicle n.s. 16 (1876) p. 299-306, pl. 9

 

Index:

Gatzolis, Christos

Title:

Coins of Thracian kings and rulers from Western Thrace, Eastern and. Central Macedonia (5th-3rd c. BC) / Christos Gatzolis, Vasilis Poulios, Domna Terzopoulou

Source:

Ē Thrakē ston ellēno-rōmaïko kosmo : praktika tu 10u Diethnus Synedriu Thrakologias, Komotēnē-Alexandrupolē 18-23 Oktōbriu 2005 = Thrace in the Graeco-roman world : proceedings of the 10th International Congress of Thracology, Komotini-Alexandroupolis 18-23 October 2005 / ed.: Athena Iakovidou. - Athens : Institute for Greek and Roman Antiquity, National Hellenic Research Foundation, 2007. - P. 176-187s

 

Index:

Gatzolis, Christos

Title:

More on the Bottiaeans of Thrace / Christos Gatzolis, Sélènè Psoma

Source:

Kermatia philias : timètikos tomos gia ton Iôannè Touratsoglou. A: Nomismatiki-epigrafiki / [ed. committee: Stella Drougou … et al.]. - Athens : Ministry of Culture, Numismatic Museum, 2009. - P. 135-143, pl. 1

Abstract:

The two parallel series of coins struck by the Bottiaeans during the first decades of the fourth century BC were explained as the result of two distinct Bottiaean federal states: the first one was located in North Chalkidike south of the lakes (Kalindoia) and the second in South Chalkidike and the area of Spartolos. The first series was struck with female head on the obverse and bull (tetradrachms), bull forepart (tetrobols), bull ' s head (obols), corn grain (hemiobols), bull (bronze hemiobols) and bull forepart (bronze tetartemoria). Two silver fractions of this first series were found in the area of Kalindoia. Thus, their attribution to the Bottiaeans of Kalindoia is confirmed. The second series of the Bottiaeans of Spartolos, was struck with the federal types of the Chalcideans of Thrace. Two other silver series could be also attributed to the Bottiaeans on the basis of iconography, metrology and finds: (a) obols with bull's head/incuse square and (b) small silver fractions with Europe and bull, types referring to the Cretan origin of the Bottiaeans revealed by Aristoteles.

 

Index:

Gatzolis, Christos

Title:

New evidence on the beginning of bronze coinage in northern Greece / Christos Gatzolis

Source:

Aux origines de la monnaie fiduciaire : traditions métallurgiques et innovations nusmimatiques : actes de l'atelier international des 16 et 17 novembres 2012 à Tours / textes réunis par Catherine Grandjean et Aliki Moustaka. - Bordeaux : Ausonius ; Paris : De Boccard, 2013. - (Scripta antiqua ; 55). - P. 117-128

 

Index:

Gatzolis, Christos

Title:

A re-examination of the bronze coinage of Alexander III and Cassander in the light of new excavation and hoard evidence / Christos Gatzolis

Source:

Threptēria : meletes gia tēn archaia Makedonia = Threpteria : studies on ancient Macedonia = Threpteria : studies on ancient Macedonia / eds., Michalis Tiverios, Pantelis Nigdelis, Polyxeni Adam-Veleni. - Thessaloniki : [Aristotle University of Thessaloniki], 2012. - P. 381-397

Abstract:

This study presents the results of the undersigned’s research on the bronze coinage of Alexander III, Cassander, and a part of the coinage of Philip II. Hoards are discussed, with particular reference to the overstrikes of bronze coins of Philip II and Alexander III by cities in Acarnania and Leucas, aiming at the confirmation of the proposed dating for the Macedonian issues and their inclusion in the corresponding historical context. There follows the dating of the bronze issues of Cassander’s Macedonian mints within a new chronological framework, with particular reference to the Apollo/tripod type. The numismatic circulation of the Thessalian city of New Halos contributes to this purpose.

 

Index:

Gatzolis, Christos

Title:

Royal and civic bronze coinage : monetary circulation between the Macedonian Kingdom and the Chalcidic peninsula / Christos Gatzoli

Source:

Nomisma : la circulation monétaire dans le monde grec antique ; actes du colloque international, Athènes, 14-17 avril 2010 / ed. par Thomas Faucher, Marie-Christine Marcellesi, Olivier Picard. - Athènes : École Française d'Athènes, 2011. - P. 185-198

Abstract:

According to the prevailing point of view, when cities joined the Chalcidic League they no longerminted their own bronze coinage. After the destruction of Olynthus their civic coinage came to anend. New excavation and hoard evidence does not seem to support this view. It seems more likely therefore that when cities entered the League, their local coinage became legal tender throughout thefederal state. This could explain the considerable numbers of civic issues found in Olynthusexcavations. Philip’s and Alexander’s coins are almost absent in cities like Mende and Acanthus andscanty in Aphytis. It is more likely that these cities did not stop issuing bronze coinages either afterentering the League or after 348 BC. It was only after the foundation of Cassandreia and Uranopolisthat their issuing activity was stopped. We also propose that the Aphytian coins, traditionally datedto the 2nd c. BC, should be placed in the second half of the 4th c. BC.

 

Index:       

Guerra, Maria Filomena

Title:

L'alliage des monnaies de bronze (Amphipolis, Thasos, Maronée) / [Maria Guerra, Olivier Picard]

Source:

Thasos : prōtes hyles kai technologia apo tous proïstorikous chronous hōs sēmera : praktika diethnous synedriou, Limenaria Thasou, 26-29.9.1995 = Thasos: matières premières et technologie de la préhistoire à nos jours : actes du colloque international / / epimeleia, Chaidō Koukoulē-Chrysanthakē, Arthur Muller, Stratēs Papadopoulos. – P. 195-206

 

Index:

Head, Barclay Vincent 1844-1914

Title:

Catalogue of Greek coins in the British Museum. Macedonia, etc. / by Barclay V. Head ; ed. by Reginald Stuart Poole

Series:

Catalogue of Greek coins in the British Museum ; [5]

Published:

London : Trustees [of the British Museum], 1878

 

Index:

Head, Barclay Vincent 1844-1914

Title:

On an unpublished archaic tetradrachm of Olynthus / [Barclay V. Head]

Source:

Numismatic Chronicle n.s. 18 (1878) p. 85-89

 

Index:

Heinrichs, Johannes

Title:

Ein persisches Statussymbol auf Münzen Alexanders I. von Makedonien : Ikonographie und historischer Hintergrund des Tetrobols SNG ABC, Macedonia 1,7, und 11 / Johannes Heinrichs, Sabine Müller

Source:

Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 167 (2008) p. 283-309

 

Index:

Hirsch de Gerenth, Lucien de 1856-1887

Title:

Monnaies de Thrace & de Macédonie / [Lucien de Hirsch]

Source:

Annuaire de la Société Française de Numismatique et d'Archéologie 8 (1884) p. 30-41, pl. 1

 

Index:

Hollstein, Wilhelm 1960-

Title:

Münzen des Ptolemaios Keraunos / Wilhelm Hollstein

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 74 (1995) p. 13-24

 

Index:

Imhoof-Blumer, Friedrich 1838-1920

Title:

Beiträge zur griechischen Münzkunde / [F. Imhoof-Blumer]

Source:

Zeitschrift für Numismatik 13 (1885) p. 128-141, pl. 4

 

Index:

Ivanov, Sotir

Title:

Circulation of bronze coins of Amphipolis and their Barbarian imitations from the 2nd century BC to the 1st century BC on the territory of Southwest Bulgaria / Sotir Ivanov

Source:

Archaeologia Bulgarica 15 (2011) 1 p. 35-51

 

Index:

Ivanov, Sotir

Title:

Circulation of bronze coins of Thessalonica from the 2nd century. BC to the 1st century BC in the territory of Southwest Bulgaria / Sotir Ivanov

Source:

HPAKΛEOYΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ ΘAΣIΩN : studia in honorem Iliae Prokopov sexagenario ab amicis et discipulis dedicat / ed.: Evgeni Paunov and Svetosava Filipova. - Tirnovi : Faber, 2012. - P. 431-441

 

Index:

Jurukova, Jordanka N.

Title:

Griechisches Münzwerk. Die Münzprägung von Deultum / bearb. von Jordanka Jurukova ; [Red. Dietlind Schieferdecker, Edith Schönert-Geiß]

Series:

Schriften zur Geschichte und Kultur der Antike ; 8

Published:

Berlin : Akademie-Verlag, 1973

 

Index:

Jurukova, Jordanka N.

Title:

Griechisches Münzwerk. Die Münzprägung von Bizye / bearb. von Jordanka Jurukova ; [aus dem Bulgarischen übers. von Burkhard Böttger (Text), Edith Schönert-Geiß (Katalog) ; Red. Dietlind Schieferdecker, Edith Schönert-Geiß]

Series:

Schriften zur Geschichte und Kultur der Antike ; 18

Published:

Berlin : Akademie-Verlag, 1981

 

Index:

Kagan, Jonathan H.

Title:

Small change and the beginning of coinage at Abdera / Jonathan H. Kagan

Source:

Agoranomia : studies in money and exchange presented to John H. Kroll / ed. by Peter G. van Alfen. - New York : American Numismatic Society, 2006. – P. 49-60

 

Index:

Komnick, Holger

Title:

Der occursus des Adventus-Zeremoniells als Münzbild auf einer unedierten Bronzemünze der thrakischen Stadt Bizye aus der Herrschaftszeit Philipps I. / Holger Komnick

Source:

XIII Congreso Internacional de Numismática, Madrid, 2003 : actas = proceedings = actes. I / ed. por Carmen Alfaro, Carmen Marcos y Paloma Otero. - Madrid : Ministerio de Cultura, Subdirección General de Publicaciones, Información y Documentación, 2005. - P. 877-883

 

Index:

Kosmidou, Elpida

Title:

Macedonian and Thracian relations in northern Greece after the Persian wars with particular reference to the coinage and politics of Alexander I / Elpida Kosmidou

Source:

Travaux de Symposium international : Le livre, la Roumanie, l'Europe : troisième édition, 20 à 24 septembre 2010.  T. IV: Latinité orientale / comité éd. Florin Rotaru directeur general, Bibliothéque Métropolitaine de Bucarest ; textes réunis et présentés par Frédéric Barbier … [et al.]. - Bucarest : Bibliothèque de Bucarest 2011. – P. 439-452

 

Index:

Kourempanas, Theodoros

Title:

Un atelier monétaire sur l'agora de Pella / Theodoros Kourempanas

Source:

Tout vendre, tout acheter : structures et équipements des marchés antiques : actes du colloque d'Athènes, 16-19 juin 2009 / éd. par Véronique Chankowski et Pavlos Karvonis. - Bordeaux : Ausonius, 2012. - P. 333-339

 

Index:

Kourempanas, Theodoros

Title:

The chronology of the Hellenistic coins of Thessaloniki, Pella and Amphipolis / Theodoros Kourempanas

Source:

Proceedings of the XIVth International Numismatic Congress, Glasgow 2009. I / ed. by Nicholas Holmes. - Glasgow : International Numismatic Council, 2011. – P. 251-255, pl. 1-3

 

Index:

Kourempanas, Theodoros

Title:

Imitations des monnaies hellénistiques de Thessalonique / Théodore Kourempanas

Source:

Revue Numismatique 167 (2011) p. 285-290

Abstract:

This paper examines some Thracian imitations of Macedonian bronzes, especially the types Dionysos’ head / goat. The ind places, the engraving mistakes in the ethnic and the style baldness are indicating the imitation process.

 

Index:

Kourempanas, Theodoros

Title:

Les monnayages de bronze en Macédoine après la fin de la monarchie / Theodoros Kourempanas

Source:

Nomisma : la circulation monétaire dans le monde grec antique : colloque international, Athènes, 14-17 avril 2010 / éd. par Thomas Faucher, Marie-Christine Marcellesi, Olivier Picard. - Athènes : École Française d'Athènes ; Paris : De Boccard, cop. 2011. - (Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique. Suppl. ; 53). - P. 199-211

Abstract:

The Hellenistic coinage in the name of Thessaloniki, Amphipolis and Pella follows the bronze coinage in the name of the quaestors of the Roman province of Macedonia created after 148 BC. The study of coin hoards, excavation finds and overstrikes leads us to attribute some bronze coin types to the king Philip VI.

 

Index:

Kremydi-Sicilianou, Sophia

Title:

'Belonging' to Rome, 'remaining' Greek : coinage and Ιdentity in Roman Macedonia / Sophia Kremydi-Sicilianou

Source:

Coinage and identity in the Roman provinces / ed. by Christopher Howgego, Volker Heuchert, Andrew Burnett. - Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2005. - P. 95-106, pl. 7.1-7.3

 

Index:

Kremydi-Sicilianou, Sophia

Title:

Coinage and finance / S. Kremydi

Source:

Brill's companion to ancient Macedon : studies in the archaeology and history of Macedon, 650 BC-300 AD / ed. by Robin J. Lane Fox. - Leiden [etc.] : Brill, 2011. - P. 159-178

 

Index:

Kremydi-Sicilianou, Sophia

Title:

ΜΑΚΕΔΟΝΩΝ ΠΡΩΤΗΣ ΜΕΡΙΔΟΣ : evidence for a coinage under the Antigonids / Sophia Kremydi-Sicilianou

Source:

Revue Numismatique 163 (2007) p. 91-100, pl. 13-14

Abstract:

This article discusses a rare didrachm issued in the name of the first district (=meris) of Macedonia that bears a Macedonian shield on the obverse and a club within an oak- wreath on the reverse. The unusual inscription ΜΑΚΕΔΟΝΩΝ ΠΡΩΤΗΣ ΜΕΡΙΔΟΣ is divided between the obverse and the reverse of the coin. It is argued that this issue should be dated to the late years of Philip V's reign and not to the period of the Roman domination, as has been previously suggested (W. Schwabacher, NC5 19, 1939, p. 2-3). Its iconographical types and its denomination are very well placed within the context of the late Antigonid coinage, but the decisive argument for its dating is the presence of the rare monogram ME, which is also found on two bronze issues dated to the last years of the reign of Philip V. The dating of this issue to the period of the Antigonids offers one more argument in favour of the hypothesis put forward by historians and numismatists that the division of Macedonia into four districts was already implemented during reign of the Antigonids and was not a Roman innovation.

 

Index:

Kremydi-Sicilianou, Sophia

Title:

The Tauropolos tetradrachms of the first Macedonian meris : provenance, iconography and dating / Sophia Kremydi-Sicilianou

Source:

Kermatia philias : timètikos tomos gia ton Iôannè Touratsoglou. A: Nomismatiki-epigrafiki. - Athens : Ministry of Culture, Numismatic Museum, 2009. - P. 191-201

Abstract:

This article assembles the dispersed material of a series of Hellenistic tetradrachms of the first district (meris) of Macedonia. By combining the evidence of the dies, the monograms and the style of the coins we have proposed a sequence for the successive issues. Furthermore, we have discussed the chronology of the series based on the evidence of the hoards as well as on historical and numismatic considerations; a dat  to the late Antigonid period, during the reigns of Philip V or Perseus, can be securely established. Finally, the head of Zeus Dodonaios on the obverse of the coins, a type introduced on the bronze coinage of Philip V, has been considered to reflect the close political ties between Macedonia and Epiros, at a time when the ruler of Macedonia was a grandson of Pyrhhos. The type of the Tauropolos on the reverse was an evident choice for an issue minted at Amphipolis, capital of the first district.

 

Index:

Kurth, Dane

Title:

Byzantium, Thrace magistrates names and their reverse types : based on Pick, 'Die Personen- und Götternamen auf Kaisermünzen von Byzantion' in NZ 27, 1895 : list compiled and extended / by Dane Kurth

Published:

[S.l.] : Kurth, cop. 2012

 

Index:

Le Rider, Georges 1928-

Title:

Les deux monnaies macédoniennes des années 323-294/290 / [Georges Le Rider]

Source:

Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 117 (1993) 1 p. 491-500

 

Index:

Le Rider, Georges 1928-

Title:

Monnayage et finances de Philippe II : un état de la question / Georges Le Rider

Series:

Meletemata ; 23

Published:

Athènes : Kentron Hellenikes kai Romaïkes Archaiotetos, 1996

 

Index:

Lorber, Catharine C.

Title:

Weight standards of Thracian toreutics and Thraco-Macedonian coinages / Catharine C. Lorber

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 154 (2008) p. 1-29

Abstract:

In Antiquity the same weight standards and metrological units governed the production of coinage and the manufacture of precious metal vessels. Previous attempts to interpret the weights of vessels have been limited by an imperfect knowledge of Thrace-Macedonian weight standards. Ten distinct but mostly interrelated weight standards were employed for North Greek coinage from the sixth through the fourth centuries B.C., including the three «tribal» series of Doris Raymond and several reduced standards. The paper defines the geographic and chronological patterns of the monetary use of each weight standard. It also demonstrates that certain types of vessels were normally equivalent to particular multiples of a monetary unit. For example, phialai typically weighed 20 drachms/5 staters or 40 drachms/10 staters, and jugs usually weighed 40 drachms/10 staters or 20 staters, regardless of the weight standard employed.

 

Index:

Marinescu, Constantin Alexandru

Title:

The posthumous Lysimachi Coinage and the dual monetary system at Byzantium and Chalcedon in the third century BC / Constantin A. Marinescu

Source:

XII. Internationaler Numismatischer Kongress Berlin 1997 : Akten = proceedings = actes. I / hrsg. von Bernd Kluge und Bernhard Weisser. - Berlin : Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, 2000. - P. 333-337

 

Index:

Müller, Carl Ludvig 1809-1891

Title:

Die Münzen des thracischen Königs Lysimachus / von L. Müller

Published:

Kopenhagen : Luno, 1858

 

Index:

Müller, Carl Ludvig 1809-1891

Title:

Numismatique d'Alexandre le Grand : suivie d'un appendice contenant les monnaies de Phillippe II et III. [Texte] / par L. Müller

Published:

Copenhague : Luno, 1855

 

Index:

Müller, Carl Ludvig 1809-1891

Title:

Numismatique d'Alexandre le Grand : suivie d'un appendice contenant les monnaies de Phillippe II et III. Planches et tables / par L. Müller

Published:

Copenhague : Luno, 1855

 

Index:

Müller, Carl Ludvig 1809-1891

Title:

Den Macedoniske Konge Philip IIs mynter / af L. Müller

Published:

Kjöbenhavn : Bianco Lunos Bogtrykkeri, 1857

 

Index:

Muret, Ernest 1824-1884

Title:

Tétradrachme de Sparadocus, roi des Odryses / [E. Muret]

Source:

Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 3 (1878) p. 409-418

 

Index:

Ñaco del Hoyo, Antoni

Title:

Garrisons, coins and war stress (89-63 BCE) in Late Hellenistic towns / Toni Ñaco del Hoyo

Source:

The city and the coin in the ancient and early medieval worlds / ed. by Fernando López Sánchez. - Oxford : Archaeopress, 2012. - (BAR international series ; 2402). - P. 49-57

Abstract:

War stress, caused by the garrisoning and billeting of foreign armies in Hellenistic towns, is a historical phenomenon which may be traced throughout the period of the Mithridatic Wars. Coinage sometimes constitutes the most relevant piece of evidence available to the modern historian in order to reveal such war stress. In this paper I shall focus on a number of case studies from the Thracian coast of the Black Sea, which suffered extreme pressure on the part of both Roman and Pontic sides.

 

Index:

Papaefthymiou, Eleni

Title:

Une pièce inédite de Caracalla émise par l'atelier monétaire d'Edessa de Macédoine / Eleni Papaefthymiou

Source:

Cahiers du Centre Gustave Glotz 10 (1999) p. 331-346

 

Index:

Paunov, Evgeni I. 1972-

Title:

The coinage of the Thracian King Mostis : recent finds, chronology, distribution and localisation / Evgeni I. Paunov

Source:

Antalya : Suna-İnan Kıraç Akdeniz Medeniyetleri Araştırma Enstitüsü, 2014

Note:

Offprint from: Birinci Uluslararasi Anadolu Para Tarihi ve Numismatik Kongresi : bildiriler = First International Congress of the Anatolian Monetary History and Numismatics / editörler: Dortluk, Kayhan, Oguz Tekin, Remziye Boyraz Seyhan ; [İngilizce editörü: Mark Wilson], - Antalya : Suna-İnan Kıraç Akdeniz Medeniyetleri Araştırma Enstitüsü, 2014. - (Kongre, sempozyum, seminer dizisi ; 4). - P. 457-480

Abstract:

This paper aims to challenge our knowledge on the coinage of the enigmatic Mostis, king of south-eastern Thrace in the late second to early first century B.C. Important questions about the identity, chronology and localisation of his kingdom will be targeted. An updated die study of the available silver tetradrachms of Mostis (only 14 specimens are known) will be presented together with a particular focus on his bronze coinage. Issues on the provenance and distribution of bronzes with a review of the main types, whose countermarking was hitherto unrecorded, from known collections and new finds will be touched on also. In my view a thorough study on the monograms applied on the coins of Mostis set against the distribution record from Aegean Thrace and the western Black Sea area might allow suggesting a new localisation of the mint for his coinage.

 

Index:

Paunov, Evgeni I. 1972-

Title:

Introduction to the numismatics of Thrace, ca. 530 BCE-46 CE / Evgeni I. Paunov

Source:

A companion to ancient Thrace / ed. by Julia Valeva, Emil Nankov, and Denver Graninger. - Chichester : Wiley Blackwell, 2015. - (Blackwell companions to the ancient world). - P. 265-292

Abstract:

This chapter provides a selective review of the numismatic evidence from the Archaic, Classical, and Hellenistic periods in Thrace, offering a point of departure for future study. The main denominations and issuing authorities of coins, which appeared in Thrace from the late sixth to late first centuries BCE, are summarized, with emphasis on the hoard evidence. The main historical and socio-cultural issues that have emerged from the nature of the coinage and the mechanisms of its circulation are considered. Thracian royal and tribal coinages are briefly outlined and depicted statistically in tables and charts. A plate with a selection of coins, tables of minting cities and kings in Thrace, and informative stemmata are provided to assist the reader.

 

Index:

Paunov, Evgeni I. 1972-

Title:

A Roman countermark on a bronze coin of Rhoemetalces I, king of Thrace / Evgeni I. Paunov

Source:

American Journal of Numismatics 2nd ser. 25 (2013) p. 119-126

Abstract:

A Thracian middle denomination bronze coin of king Rhoemetalces I (c. 12/11 bc–ad 12) in the ANS collection features two interesting countermarks. One is GIC 54, depicting a “male head to right, wearing diadem” probably representing the young Cotys IV. The second is GIC 656, featuring the Latin monogram PVBL which should probably be expanded as PVBL(ius). Given the historical context of the coin, it is here suggested that the monogram names Publius Vellaeus, the commander of the provincial army in Moesia in ad 21. This presently unique countermark attests to the otherwise unknown activities of Roman administrators and Moesian army officers in the period c. ad 19–26 and to Rome’s increasing involvement in the client kingdom of Thrace until its final transformation into a province under Claudius.

 

Index:

Pavlovska-Darkovska, Eftimija

Title:

The coinage of the Paeonian kings Leon and Dropion / Eftimija Pavlovska

Source:

Proceedings of the XIVth International Numismatic Congress, Glasgow 2009. I / ed. by Nicholas Holmes. - Glasgow : International Numismatic Council. 2011. – P. 319-329, pl. 1

Abstract:

After the invasion of the Gauls, which in 280/79 BC overran the territories of Paeonia and Macedonia, king Leon (c. 278/7 c. 250 (?) BC), came to the Paeonian throne. He recovered and re-established the Kingdom after a really difficult period, continuing the regal coinage, as well. Unlike his predecessors, he and his son Dropion (c. 250–c. 230 BC), the last Paeonian king, issued coins only in bronze - exclusively rare and autochthon. In this respect, the paper deals with their monetary production, the research being based upon 107 specimens - 10 of Leon and 97 of Dropion, from the Numismatic Collection of the National Bank of Republic of Macedonia. It is focused on the metrological, iconographical and typological analysis, presenting the existence of different denominations and coin-types in their coinage. Some remarks will be also made on their coin finds and circulation.

 

Index:

Pavlovska-Darkovska, Eftimija

Title:

A coin hoard of the Paeonian king Lycceius / Eftimija Pavlovska

Source:

HPAKΛEOYΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ ΘAΣIΩN : studia in honorem Iliae Prokopov sexagenario ab amicis et discipulis dedicat / ed.: Evgeni Paunov and Svetosava Filipova. - Tirnovi : Faber, 2012. - P. 107-120

Abstract:

This paper treats a fragment of tetradrachm coin hoard of the Paeonian king Lycceius. It is an exceptionally significant and rare coin find, which is at the same time the first hoard of Paeonian coins issued by a single ruler discovered at the historical territory of Paeonia. Originally, the much larger hoard was found some ten years ago in the central part of the Republic of Macedonia. It consisted of 200–300 tetradrachms issued by this king; yet it was dispersed and its largest part was sold at international auctions. Undoubtedly, this small portion of tetradrachms was part of it, too.

 

Index:

Pavlovska-Darkovska, Eftimija

Title:

Monetite na Pajonija od numizmatičkata zbirka na NBRM = The coins of Paeonia : from the numismatic collection of NBRM / Eftimija Pavlovska

Published:

Skopje : NBRM, 2008

 

Index:

Pavlovska, Eftimija

Title:

A part of a hoard of tetrobols from the numismatic collectoin of the NBRM / Eftimija Pavlovska

Source:

Folia Archaeologica Balkanica 1 (2006) p. 277-284

 

Index:

Pegan, Efrem

Title:

Die frühesten Tetradrachmen Alexanders des Großen mit dem Adler, ihre Herkunft und Enstehungszeit / Efrem Pegan

Source:

Jahrbuch für Numismatik und Geldgeschichte 18 (1968) p. 99-111, pl. 10-12

 

Index:

Peter, Ulrike 1966-

Title:

The numismatic web portal for ancient coins of Thrace: http://www.corpus-nummorum.eu / Ulrike Peter

Source:

Birinci Uluslararasi Anadolu Para Tarihi ve Numismatik Kongresi : bildiriler = First International Congress of the Anatolian Monetary History and Numismatics / editörler: Dortluk, Kayhan, Oguz Tekin, Remziye Boyraz Seyhan ; [İngilizce editörü: Mark Wilson], - Antalya : Suna-İnan Kıraç Akdeniz Medeniyetleri Araştırma Enstitüsü, 2014. - P. 481-486

 

Index:

Picard, Olivier 1940-

Title:

Les abords N.-E. de l'agora de Thasos. I: Les monnaies / [Olivier Picard]

Source:

Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 113 (1989) 2 p. 473-476

 

Index:

Picard, Olivier 1940-

Title:

L'administration de l'atelier monétaire à Thasos au IVe siècle / Olivier Picard

Source:

Revue Numismatique. 6e sér. 29 (1987) p. 7-14

 

Index:

Picard, Olivier 1940-

Title:

Deux émissions de bronzes d'Amphipolis / [Olivier Picard]

Source:

Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 118 (1994) 1 p. 207-214

 

Index:

Picard, Olivier 1940-

Title:

Esquisse d'une histoire des rapports économiques entre Grecs et Thraces / Olivier Picard

Source:

Ē Thrakē ston ellēno-rōmaïko kosmo : praktika tu 10u Diethnus Synedriu Thrakologias, Komotēnē-Alexandrupolē 18-23 Oktōbriu 2005 = Thrace in the Graeco-roman world : proceedings of the 10th International Congress of Thracology, Komotini-Alexandroupolis 18-23 October 2005 / epimeleia ekdoseos Athena Iakobidou. - Athena : Kentron Ellenikes kai Romaikes Archaiotetos tou Ethnikou Idrymatos Ereunon, 2007. - P. 463-474 

 

Index:

Picard, Olivier 1940-

Title:

Un remblai thasien du IVe siècle. C: Les monnaies / [Olivier Picard]

Source:

Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 109 (1985) 2 p. 447-450

 

Index:

Picard, Olivier 1940-

Title:

Monnayage thasien du Ve siècle av. Jésus-Christ / par Olivier Picard

Source:

Comptes-rendus des Séances de l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres 126 (1982) 3 (juillet-octobre) p. 412-424

 

Index:

Picard, Olivier 1940-

Title:

Monnayages en Thrace à l'époque achéménide / Olivier Picard

Source:

Mécanismes et innovations monétaires dans l'Anatolie achéménide : numismatique et histoire : actes de la Table Ronde Internationale d'Istanbul, 22-23 mai 1997 / éd. par Olivier Casabonne. - Paris : De Boccard, 2000. - (Varia Anatolica ; 12). - P. 239-253

 

Index:

Picard, Olivier 1940-

Title:

Remarques sur le monnayage de bronze macédonien avant Philippe II / (Picard, O.)

Source:

Bulletin de la Société Française de Numismatique 58 (2003) 5 (mai) p. 73-77

 

Index:

Picard, Olivier 1940-

Title:

Le retour des émigrés et le monnayage de Thasos (390) / par Olivier Picard

Source:

Comptes-rendus des Séances de l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres 144 (2000) 3 p. 1057-1084

 

Index:

Picard, Olivier 1940-

Title:

Les tétradrachmes à types thasiens et les guerres thraces au début du 1er siècle avant notre ère / par Olivier Picard

Source:

Comptes-rendus des Séances de l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres 152 (2008) 2 (Avril-Juin) p. 465-493

 

Index:

Picard, Olivier 1940-

Title:

Thasische Tetradrachmen und die Balkankriege im ersten Jahrhundert v. Chr. / Olivier Picard 

Source:

Kriegskosten und Kriegsfinanzierung in der Antike / Friedrich Burrer, Holger Müller (Hrsg.). - Darmstadt : WBG, 2008. - P. 175-192

 

Index:

Picard, Olivier 1940-

Title:

Thasos et la Macédoine au IVe et au IIIe siècle / par Olivier Picard

Source:

Comptes-rendus des Séances de l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres 129 (1985) 4 (novembre-décembre) p. 761-776

 

Index:

Pick, Behrendt 1861-1940

Title:

Observations sur les monnaies autonomes d'Apollonia de Thrace / [B. Pick]

Source:

Revue Numismatique 4e sér. 2 (1898) p. 219-230

 

Index:

Pick, Behrendt 1861-1940

Title:

Die Personen- und Götternamen auf Kaisermünzen von Byzantion / von B. Pick

Source:

Numismatische Zeitschrift 27 (1895) p. 27-56

 

Index:

Prokopov, Ilya Simeonov 1952-

Title:

Basic coin types in Thrace : recorded quantities and their participation in the coin circulation during the 2nd-1st centuries BC / Ilja Prokopov

Source:

Kermatia philias : timètikos tomos gia ton Iôannè Touratsoglou. A: Nomismatiki-epigrafiki / [ed. committee: Stella Drougou … et al.]. - Athens : Ministry of Culture, Numismatic Museum, 2009. - P. 247-253

 

Index:

Prokopov, Ilya Simeonov 1952-

Title:

The circulation of bronze coins in South-Western Thrace from the end of the 3rd to the end of the 1st century B.C. / I. Prokopov

Published:

London : International Association of Professional Numismatists, 1989

Note:

Offprint from: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of Numismatics = Actes du 10ème Congrès international de numismatique / ed. by I.A. Carradice ; with P. Attwood ... [et al.]. - London : International Association of Professional Numismatists, cop. 1989. - (Special Publication / International Association of Professional Numismatists ; no. 11). – P. 89-93

 

Index:

Prokopov, Ilya Simeonov 1952-

Title:

Notes about the character of some large-scale coinages in the Thrace during IInd-Ist centuries B.C. / Ilya Prokopov

Published:

Louvain-la-Neuve : Association Professeur Marcel Hoc pour l'encouragement des recherches numismatiques, 1993

Note:

Offprint from: Actes du XIe Congrès International de Numismatique : organisé à l'occasion du 150e anniversaire de la Société Royale de Numismatique de Belgique, Bruxelles, 8-13 septembre 1991 = Proceedings of the XIth International Numismatic Congress : organized for the 150th anniversary of the Société Royale de Numismatique de Belgique, Brussels, September 8th-13th 1991. Vol. I: Monnaies grecques et grecques d'époque impérale / éd. par le Séminaire de numismatique Marcel Hoc sous la dir. de Tony Hackens, Ghislaine Moucharte ; avec la collab. de Catherine Courtois ... [et al.]. - Louvain-la-Neuve : Association Professeur Marcel Hoc pour l'encouragement des recherches numismatiques, 1993. - P. 173-180, pl. 8-12

 

Index:

Prokopov, Ilya Simeonov 1952-

Title:

Les tétradrachmes thraces du type de Thasos (ΗΡΑΚΛΕΟΥΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΘΡΑΚΩΝ) / Ilya Prokopov

Published:

[S.l. : s.n., 2002]

Note:

Offprint from: Nomismatika Khronika 21 (2002) p. 83–90

 

Index:

Psoma, Sélènè

Title:

Les Bottiéens de Thrace aux Ve et IVe siècles avant J.-C. / Sélènè Psoma

Source:

Revue Numismatique 154 (1999) p. 41-55, pl. 4

Abstract:

The silver and bronze coins of the Bottiaeans depicting a head of Demeter on the obverse and a bull on the reverse had been attributed to the Bottiaean cities of North Bottike that had formed a separate federal state from 422 to ca. 370 ВС. The Bottiaean cities of South Bottike and Crousis, like Spartolos and Sinos, remained allies of the Chalcideans during the last decades of the 5th century and became members of the Chalcidean League during the IVth century ВС. Their bronze issues with chalcidean types date from this period.

 

Index:       

Psoma, Sélénè

Title:

Les ‘boucs’ de la Grèce du Nord : problèmes d'attribution / Sélénè Psoma

Source:

Revue Numismatique 159 (2003) p. 227-242, pl. 1

Abstract:

The article discusses archaic silver coins with a goat motif struck in Northern Greece. The silver coins with the same type on the obverse previously attributed to the Macedonian capital, Aigeai, are also discussed. Their minting authority was in Eastern Macedonia, as O. Picard has already pointed out when he identified fractions in the excavations material of Thasos and Amphipolis. The « Thraco-Macedonian » standard of the « goats of Aigai » as well as their system of denominations and control of issues argue for attribution to a city under the influence of Thasos. Fourth century bronze coins of Galepsos, a colony of Thasos, with the « goat of Aigai » on the reverse would suggest that the whole series came from the city of Galepsos, whose phoros to the Athenians was much greater than that paid by Neapolis. The letters ЛА and АЛ on the obverse of the last issue of these coins, written in the Parian alphabet, could thus be interpreted as the initials (ГА and АГ) of the ethnicum.

 

Index:

Psoma, Sélènè

Title:

La circulation monétaire et la thésaurisation en Thrace au Nord des Rhodopes / Selene Psoma

Source:

Nomisma : la circulation monétaire dans le monde grec antique : actes du colloque international, Athènes, 14-17 avril 2010 / éd. par Thomas Faucher, Marie-Christine Marcellesi, Olivier Picard. - Athènes : École Française d'Athènes ; Paris : De Boccard, cop. 2011. - (Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique. Suppl. ; 53). - P. 143-168

Abstract:

The large number of hoards buried in inner Thrace between the late 6th c. BC and the mid 1st c. BC reflects the area’s commercial relations with the cities of the Aegean coast. The silver coins of Berge and Abdera have been replaced by the coins of Thasos during the 5th c., then by small coinage of Parion and the Thracian Chersonnese and the silver of Apollonia and later of Maroneia and Abdera. The military operations of Philip II brought his silver and gold currency into Thrace. One should associate the hoards of Alexander III with the return of his Thracian mercenaries, the hoards of Seleucos I with the operations against the Gauls. Many coins of Antiochos II were coming during the Second Syrian War. The very large number of hoards buried in Thrace from the mid-second century BC onwards that contain Attic weight tetradrachms of the First Macedonian Meris, Thasos, Maroneia, Aesillas and the drachms of Apollonia and Dyrrachion can be related with the wars of the Romans against the Thracians. Imitations of some of these coinages are also found in inner Thrace.

 

Index:

Psoma, Sélènè

Title:

Commentaire numismatique du registre de ventes des terrains sacrés de la cité de Philippes / Sélènè Psoma

Source:

Revue Numismatique 157 (2001) p. 215-222

Abstract:

The coins mentioned in an act of sale of consecrated land of the city of Philippoi dating from the second half of the 4th century ВС could be silver Thraco-Macedonian weight drachms. The sums calculated in obols and tetartémoria could be small silver (obols) as well as bronze coins of Philip II, Alexander III and the city of Philippoi. It should be noted that the tetartémoria could only have been bronze coins struck by one of these latter. Long after the introduction of bronze coinage in Northern Greece the term designating the quarter-obol was still in use.

 

Index:

Psoma, Sélènè

Title:

Did the so-called Thraco-Macedonian standard exist? / Selene E. Psoma

Source:

ΚΑΙΡΟΣ : contributions to numismatics in honor of Basil Demetriadi / ed. by Ute Wartenberg and Michel Amandry. - New York : American Numismatic Society, 2015 - P. 167-190

 

Index:

Psoma, Sélènè

Title:

Ichnai et le monnayage des Ichnéens / Sélènè E. Psoma, A.G. Zannis

Source:

Tekmeria 10 (2011) p. 23-44, pl. 4-5

 

Index:

Psoma, Sélènè

Title:

The 'Lete' coinage reconsidered / Selene Psoma

Source:

Agoranomia : studies in money and exchange presented to John H. Kroll / ed. by Peter G. van Alfen. - New York : American Numismatic Society, 2006. - P. 61-86

 

Index:

Psoma, Sélènè

Title:

Monnaies de poids réduit d'Alexandre I et de Perdiccas II de Macédoine / Sélènè Psoma

Source:

Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 128 (1999) p. 273–282

 

Index:

Psoma, Sélènè

Title:

Notes sur la terminologie monétaire en Grèce du Nord / Sélèné Psoma

Source:

Revue Numismatique 162 (2006) p. 85-98

Abstract:

The small fractions of the 5th-century Temenid Kings and the Chalcidians of Thrace with the initials of their nominal values and combined epigraphic evidence from Amphipolis, Thasos, Delphi and Delos help us to verify the nominal values of different North Greek coinages.

 

Index:

Psoma, Sélènè

Title:

Notes sur le début du monnayage fédéral des Chalcidiens de Thrace / Sélènè Psoma

Source:

Revue Numismatique 152 (1997) p. 423-428

Abstract:

Hemiobols of the so-called heavy thraco-macedonian standard bear an Apollo's head to r. or left on the obverse and a linear square divided into four smaller squares, divided into four triangles on the reverse. A number of theses was found in Olynthus. The striking stylistic similarity of their obverse type with the obverse type of chalcidic tetrobols makes their attribution to the chalcidic mint possible. They were probably struck before the hemiobols bearing a tripod on the reverse.

 

Index:

Psoma, Sélènè

Title:

Numismatic evidence on the Ptolemaic involvement in Thrace during the Second Syrian War / Selene Psoma

Source:

American Journal of Numismatics 2nd ser. 20 (2008) p. 257-263

Abstract:

This study presents a numismatic survey of the city of Byzantion that was renamed Ptolemais for a short period to honor Ptolemy II. It was after the intervention of the Ptolemaic fleet that the siege of Byzantion by Antiochos II came to an end.

 

Index:

Psoma, Sélènè

Title:

Un petit trésor de Lynkos et Thucydide 4.124 / Sélèné Psoma

Source:

Revue Numismatique 165 (2009) p. 107-112

Abstract:

Small hoards buried north of the frontiers of the kingdom of Macedonia that contain heavy tetrobols of Perdikkas II, of the Chalcidic League and Acanthus may be related with the military operations of Brasidas and his allies, among which the Macedonian king, the Chalcideans of Thrace and Acanthus, against Arrhabaeus of Lynkos.

 

Index:

Raymond, Doris

Title:

Macedonian regal coinage to 413 B.C. / by Doris Raymond

Series:

Numismatic notes and monographs ; no. 126

Published:

New York : American Numismatic Society, 1953

 

Index:

Rousséva, Boriana

Title:

La circulation monétaire en Thrace pendant la haute époque hellénistique d'après un certain nombre de trésors trouvés en Bulgarie / Boriana Rousséva

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 32 (1990) p. 17-27, pl. 3-7

Abstract:

L'auteur étudie le circuit monétaire en Thrace d'après un certain nombre de trésors hellénistiques de monnaies d'or et d'argent trouvés en Bulgarie. Les trouvailles de monnaies d'or contiennent des statères de Philippe II, d'Alexandre et de Philippe III. Par contre les trésors de monnaies d'argent sont composés presque entièrement par des tétradrachmes et des drachmes aux types d'Alexandre. Le temps de thésaurisation et d'enfouissement de ces trésors est situé entre les derniè reasn nées du ive - jusqu'à la première moitié du ше siècle. Concentrées principalement dans la partie orientale de la Bulgarie actuelle, ces monnaies démontrent l'inclusion de la Thrace intérieure du vivant de Lysimaque et après sa mort dans la grande circulation monétaire. En utilisant les monnaies d'étalon attique cette dernière couvre la majeure partie du monde hellénistique.

 

Index:

Robert, Louis 1904-1985

Title:

Les monétaires et un décret hellénistique de Sestos / Louis Robert

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 15 (1973) p. 43-53

 

Index:

Ruzicka, Leon

Title:

The coins of Serdica / Leon Ruzicka ; transl. by Dane Kurth

Published:

[S.l. : Kurth, 2009]

Note:

Transl. of: Die Münzen von Serdica. – Numismatische Zeitschrift 48 (1915) p. 1-82

 

Index:

Ruzicka, Leon

Title:

Die Münzen von Serdica / Leon Ruzicka

Source:

Numismatische Zeitschrift 48 (1915) p. 1-82

 

Index:

Schönert-Geiss, Edith 1933-2012

Title:

Griechisches Münzwerk. Die Münzprägung von Byzantion. Tl. I: Autonome Zeit / bearb. von Edith Schönert-Geiss

Series:

Schriften zur Geschichte und Kultur der Antike ; 2

Published:

Berlin : Akademie Verlag, 1970

 

Index:

Schönert-Geiss, Edith 1933-2012

Title:

Griechisches Münzwerk. Die Münzprägung von Byzantion. Tl. II: Kaiserzeit / bearb. von Edith Schönert-Geiss

Series:

Schriften zur Geschichte und Kultur der Antike ; 2

Published:

Berlin : Akademie Verlag, 1972

 

Index:

Schönert-Geiss, Edith 1933-2012

Title:

Griechisches Münzwerk. Die Münzprägung von Bisanthe, Dikaia, Selymbria / bearb. von Edith Schönert-Geiss

Edition:

2. unveränd. Aufl.

Series:

Schriften zur Geschichte und Kultur der Antike ; 13

Published:

Berlin : Akademie Verlag, 1977

 

Index:

Schönert-Geiss, Edith 1933-2012

Title:

Griechisches Münzwerk. Die Münzprägung von Maroneia / bearb. von Edith Schönert-Geiss

Series:

Schriften zur Geschichte und Kultur der Antike ; 26

Published:

Berlin : Akademie Verlag, 1987

 

Index:

Schönert-Geiss, Edith 1933-2012

Title:

Griechisches Münzwerk. Die Münzprägung von Augusta Traiana und Traianopolis / bearb. von Edith Schönert-Geiss

Series:

Schriften zur Geschichte und Kultur der Antike ; 31

Published:

Berlin : Akademie Verlag, 1991

 

Index:

Schönert-Geiss, Edith 1933-2012

Title:

Griechisches Münzwerk. Die Münzprägung von Perinthos / bearb. von Edith Schönert

Series:

Schriften zur Geschichte und Kultur der Antike ; 45

Published:

Berlin : Akademie Verlag, 1965

 

Index:

Schwabacher, Willy 1897-1972

Title:

Cabiri coins of Samothrace / [Willy Schwabacher]

Source:

American Numismatic Society Museum Notes 5 (1952) p. 49-51, pl. 12

 

Index:

Schwabacher, Willy 1897-1972

Title:

Zur Silberprägung der Derronen / Willy Schwabacher

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 9 (April 1952) p. 1-4

 

Index:

Sheedy, Kenneth A.

Title:

Nymphodorus of Abdera : mint magistrate and ‘proxenos’? / Kenneth Sheedy

Source:

Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia 24 (2013) p. 39-47

 

Index:

Six, Jan Pieter 1824-1899

Title:

Les deux Dicaea / [J.P. Six]

Source:

Numismatic Chronicle n.s. 15 (1875) p. 97-100

 

Index:

Six, Jan Pieter 1824-1899

Title:

Dropion : roi de Péonie / [J.-P. Six]

Source:

Annuaire de la Société Française de Numismatique et d'Archéologie 6 (1883) p. 5-13, pl. 1

 

Index:

Six, Jan Pieter 1824-1899

Title:

Lycceios, dynaste des Péoniens / [J.P. Six]

Source:

Numismatic Chronicle n.s. 15 (1875) p. 20-25, pl. 1

 

Index:

Sternberg, Claudia

Title:

Ein umgeschnittener Vorderseitenstempel einer Grossmünze der Derronen / Claudia Sternberg

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 137 (Februar 1985) p. 2-6

 

Index:

Stoyas, Yannis

Title:

Two peculiar Thracian coin issues : ΔΑΝΤΗΛΗΤΩΝ and ΜΕΛΣΑ / Yannis Stoyas

Source:

HPAKΛEOYΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ ΘAΣIΩN : studia in honorem Iliae Prokopov sexagenario ab amicis et discipulis dedicat / ed.: Evgeni Paunov and Svetosava Filipova. - Tirnovi : Faber, 2012. - P. 143-185

Abstract:

Two rare coins kept in the collection of the Welfare Foundation for Social & Cultural Affairs (KIKPE), Athens, became the stimulus for other specimens to be sought and for questions to be raised, requiring further study on several levels. The heavy bronze pieces of the Danteletai (head of Dionysos l. / warrior r. with curved sword and light shield, ΔΑΝΤΗΛ/ΗΤΩΝ) constitute a remarkable issue for the Thracian monetary affairs. First the variations of the ethnic name are discussed and then the iconography of the warrior (hair, sword, shield) is scrutinized, with ample literary references and correlation of archaeological parallels on occasion. Numismatic comparanda in stylistic terms are provided both for the reverse and the obverse, while the metrological data are assessed in context. The few glimpses at a known provenance lead obviously to a focal area highlighted between the northern bank of the upper course of Hebros and the Haimos mountain ridge; the role of ‘Emporion Pistiros’ (probably Adjiyska Vodenitsa, near Vetren) is also examined to an extent. All things considered, and viewed in historical perspective, a dating of this coinage in the middle of the third quarter of the 4th century BC (ca. 339–335 BC?) is thought to be quite probable. The bronze coins with the legend ΜΕΛΣΑ (filleted bucranium / fish) present an even more difficult puzzle; for starters, known and not so known pieces were traced. Discussion follows at length on the filleted bucranium and the fish while searching also for stylistic comparanda. The challenge of the strange legend required some necessary commentary before giving a thorough inspection at the chances for a valid interpretation. Certain options —e.g. an attribution to “a Messa of the Apolloniates” that evolved later into Anchialos— are examined and are found lacking, especially under the light of overstrike evidence (two pieces, one on AE of Philip II, the other on AE of Cassander). The latter alongside with other kinds of evidence provide a terminus post quem in or after the last fifteen years of the 4th century BC. Then argumentation is pondered on the hypothesis that the legend should correspond to an unknown so far Thracian chieftain; this and some other possibilities towards certain civic issues are rejected. The key for deciphering this riddle seems to lie by the northern coast of the Keratios near Byzantion; close study of historical topography and other clues reveal that probably there is a connection between the site of Semystra and the ΜΕΛΣΑ coins. Several elements are taken into account: the filleted bucranium; the fish in Bosporos; hints in the Roman provincial coin series of Byzantion; the marshy reed growing on Keratios’ shore; Thracian mythical ruler Melias; Meltas, the last king of Argos; the Argive colonization at Keratios. All in all, this may be a case of syncretism materialized in a period of dire straits, due to the Celtic presence in Thrace after 278 BC; perhaps a sanctuary in the premises of Byzantion, dedicated to a heroic cult, proceeded to strike a brief coin issue, possibly in association of a religious festival or an important anniversary, at a moment of temporary shortage in small change (maybe some time in the years ca. 275-250 BC).

 

Index:

Suspène, Arnaud

Title:

Un aigle dans le monnayage de Philippe II de Macédoine : à propos d'un nouveau tétradrachme / Arnaud Suspène

Source:

Revue Numismatique 162 (2006) p. 119-133

Abstract:

After a thorough analysis of a new tetradrachm in the name of Philip II of Macedon featuring an eagle as a secondary type, some hypotheses are made relating to its place and meaning in King Philip's coinage through a few comparisons with other eaglescoins in the Macedonian regal coinage.

 

Index:

Svoronos, Jean Nikolaus 1863-1922

Title:

L'hellénisme primitif de la Macédoine, prouvé par la numismatique, et l'or du Pangée / par J.N. Svoronos

Published:

Paris : Leroux, 1919

Note:

Offprint from: Journal International d'Archéologie Numismatique 19 (1918-1919)

 

Index:

Tacchella, Damaso-Emuterifano

Title:

Monnaies autonomes d'Apollonia de Thrace / [E. Tacchella]

Source:

Revue Numismatique 4e sér. 2 (1898) p. 210-218

 

Index:

Tekin, Oğuz 1958-

Title:

A Hellenistic hoard of Lysimachean bronze coins with Tyche and lion type / Oğuz Tekin

Source:

Ancient history, numismatics and epigraphy in the mediterranean world : studies in memory of Clemens E. Bosch and Sabbahat Atlan and in honour of Nezahat Baydur / ed. by Oğuz Tekin ; in collab. with Aliye Erol. - Istanbul : Ege Yayinlari, 2009. – P. 357-364

 

Index:

Tekin, Oğuz 1958-

Title:

More coins of Agathocles, son of Lysimachus : a reattribution / Oğuz Tekin

Source:

Birinci Uluslararasi Anadolu Para Tarihi ve Numismatik Kongresi : bildiriler = First International Congress of the Anatolian Monetary History and Numismatics / editörler: Dortluk, Kayhan, Oguz Tekin, Remziye Boyraz Seyhan ; [İngilizce editörü: Mark Wilson], - Antalya : Suna-İnan Kıraç Akdeniz Medeniyetleri Araştırma Enstitüsü, 2014. - P. 559-574

 

Index:

Thompson, Margaret 1911-1992

Title:

Byzantium over Aesillas / Margaret Thompson

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 15 (1973) p. 54-65

 

Index:

Thompson, Margaret 1911-

Title:

The coinage of Proconnesus / Margaret Thompson

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 7 (1965) p. 30-35, pl. 1

 

Index:

Thompson, Margaret 1911-1992

Title:

A hoard from Northern Greece / Margaret Thompson

Source:

American Numismatic Society Museum Notes 12 (1966) p. 57-63, pl. 12-16

 

Index:

Topalov, Stavri Atanasov 1939-

Title:

Urban bronze coins of small denomination from the Propontis area with images of a conical vessel with two handles, dynastic symbol of the coinage of the early Odrysian kings of the 5th-4th centuries ; Genealogy of the Odrysian dynasty from the end of the 6th to the 3rd quarter of 4th century B.C ; Catalogue of early Thracian coins of 6th-5th century B.C., anepigraphic types of coins minted on the territory of the early Odrysian kingdom and early Odrysian regal coins of 5th-4th century B.C.

Published:

Sofia : Nasko-1701, 2005

 

Index:

Touratsoglou, Ioannis

Title:

Les Galates sous les pentes de l'Olympe : le trésor IV de Néos Pantéléïmon, lieu-dit Krania, 2000 / Ioannis Touratsoglou

Source:

Revue Numismatique 162 (2006) p. 99-116, pl. 8-9

Abstract:

The newly found hoard (2000) at the site Krania (region Neos Panteleimon) in Pieria, Macedonia, Greece, consists of Alexandrian tetradrachms and drachms, as well as of one Athenian tetradrachm. Together with a considerable number of other hoards from Greek Macedonia and FYROM, this hoard constitutes a solid numismatic evidence for the raids of the Galatian tribes (280/279-275/274 B.C.) into the Macedonian Kingdom, before these invaders decide to turn their rage towards Thessaly and Southern Greece.

 

Index:

Troxell, Hyla A.

Title:

Studies in the Macedonian coinage of Alexander the Great / Hyla A. Troxell

Series:

Numismatic studies ; no. 21

Published:

New York : American Numismatic Society, 1997

 

Index:

Tzamalis, Alexandros Reginald 1975-

Title:

Les 'ethné' de la région 'Thraco-Macédonienne' : étude d'histoire et de numismatique : (fin du VIe-Ve siècle) / Alexandros Tzamalis ; sous la dir. de Olivier Picard

Published:

[S.l. : s.n.], 2012

Abstract:

The present study is dedicated to the ethné of the 'Thraco-Macedonian' region at the end of the 6th and the beginning of the 5th century B.C. These ethné (tribes), which are mentioned only in passing in ancient sources were an important element in the region of the Northern Aegean, interacting in multiple ways with the Greeks and the Persians who had established themselves in the region. The absence of extended literary references has left the specialists without many points of reference, given that archae