17. Monetary aspects, coin circulation

Index:

Bacharach, Jere Lehman 1938-

Title:

The dinar versus the ducat / Jere L. Bacharach

Source:

International Journal of Middle East Studies 4 (1973) 1 (January) p. 77-96

 

Index:

Eldem, Edhem 1960-

Title:

Chaos and half measures : the Ottoman monetary ´system´ of the nineteenth century / Edhem Eldem

Source:

The economic development of southeastern Europe in the 19th century / ed. by Edhem Eldem and Socrates Petmezas. - Athens : Alpha Bank, Historical Archives, 2011. - P. 251-305

 

Index:

Haider, Najaf

Title:

The quantity theory and Mughal monetary history / Najaf Haider

Source:

Medieval History Journal 2 (1999) 2 p. 309-348

Abstract:

Until now, the study of Mughal money was dictated either by the concerns of numismatic analyses or by the need to define its position in a given economic structure. While the former was confined to the technical aspects of specie-money, the latter was preoccupied mostly with the theoretical implications of monetary movements on an aggregate scale. In both cases, the historical conditions responsible for shaping the monetisation of the Mughal economy remained understudied. This essay examines the concepts and framework derived from the quantity theory of money and deployed in recent approaches to the study of the Mughal monetary economy. By offering a critique of the methodology adopted to evaluate money supply and price movements, it stresses the need for an inductive study of historical material in order to refine the current picture and to extend existing knowledge of the subject beyond macro-economic modelling.

 

Index:

Heidemann, Stefan 1961-

Title:

The circulation of North African dirhams in Northern Mesopotamia : the dirham hoard of Tall al-Bī`a /al-Raqqa (t.p.q. 186/802) / Stefan Heidemann

Source:

Revue Numismatique 167 (2011) p. 451-470

Abstract

The Tall al-Bīʿa hoard of ten silver dirhams and one copper coin (t.p.q. 186) probably constitutes a cash deposit drawn from circulation in the urban market of al-Raqqa. It seems to be a negative selection. The hoard reflects the preponderance of the North African dirhams in circulation at the time of Hārūn al-Rashīd. New silver from North African mines and the trade network of the Ibāī movement provided for cheap supply whereas a shortage of silver coins in the central lands created a huge demand. The lesser weight and presumably slightly lesser amount of intrinsic silver led to a discrimination of North African dirhams in circulation, especially in saving hoards. The overvaluation allowed the application of Gresham’s law and suggests the acceleration of velocity of circulation. These forces allowed for a rapid movement of North African dirhams to the central lands of Islam.

 

Index:

Kovalev, Roman K.

Title:

Circulation of Arab silver in medieval AfroEurasia : preliminary observations / Roman K. Kovalev, Alexis C. Kaelin

Source:

History Compass 5 (2007) 2 p. 560-580

Abstract:

Dirhams or medieval Islamic silver coins offer a unique and indispensable primary source for the study of many fundamental issues pertaining to Afro-Eurasian history during the Middle Ages that cannot be studied using any other evidence. When found in hoards, or deposits of five or more dirhams, they are especially useful, since historical numismatists can study the profiles of the contents of the hoards to discern numerous questions. Thus, the 1656 hoards, containing almost half a million dirhams, recorded to date show that close to three quarters of them were deposited not in the Muslim world, but in northern Europe from c.800 to c.1100 and that they were brought there mostly via Russia. This finding brings many questions that need answering in the future. One of the key conclusions of the present study is that this silver gravitated to silver-scarce northern Europe and was exchanged for items in great demand in the ‘House of Islam’ – furs and slaves.

 

Index:

Kovalev, Roman K.

Title:

Dirham mint output of Samanid Samarqand and its connection to the beginnings of trade with Northern Europe (10th century) / Roman K. Kovalev

Source:

Histoire & Mesure 17 (2002) 3-4 p. 197-216

 

Index:

Kovalev, Roman K.

Title:

The mint of al-Shash : the vehicle for the origins and continuation of trade relations between Viking-Age Northern Europe and Samanid Central Asia / Roman K. Kovalev

Source:

Archivum Eurasiae Medii Aevi 12 (2002-2003) p. 47-79

 

Index:

Kovalev, Roman K.

Title:

Mint output in tenth-century Bukhara : a case study of dirham production and monetary circulation in Northern Europe / Roman K. Kovalev

Source:

Russian History/Histoire Russe 28 (2001) 1-4 p. 245-271

 

Index:

Kovalev, Roman K.

Title:

The production of dirhams in the coastal Caspian sea provinces of Northern Iran in the tenth-early eleventh centuries and their circulation in the northern lands / Roman S. Kovalev

Source:

Archivum Eurasiae Medii Aevi 19 (2012) p. 133-183

 

Index:

Leimus, Ivar Akselevic 1953-

Title:

Die letzte Welle des orientalischen Münzsilbers im Norden / Ivar Leimus

Source:

Magister monetae : studies in honour of Jørgen Steen Jensen / ed. by Michael Andersen, Helle W. Horsnæs & Jens Christian Moesgaard. - Copenhagen : National Museum, 2007. - (Studies in archaeology and history ; vol. 13). – P. 105-118

 

Index:

Pamuk, Şevket 1950-

Title:

In the absence of domestic currency : debased European coinage in the seventeenth-century Ottoman Empire / Şevket Pamuk

Source:

Journal of Economic History 57 (1997) 2 (June) p. 345-366

 

Index:

Pamuk, Şevket 1950-

Title:

A monetary history of the Ottoman Empire / Sevket Pamuk

Published:

Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2000

Abstract:

This volume examines the monetary history of a large empire located at the crossroads of intercontinental trade from the fourteenth century until the end of World War I. It covers all regions of the empire from the Balkans through Anatolia, Syria, Egypt and the Gulf to the Maghrib. The implications of monetary developments for social and political history are also discussed throughout the volume. This is an important and pathbreaking book by one of the most distinguished economic historians in the field.

 

Index:

Pamuk, Şevket 1950-

Title:

The Ottoman monetary system and frontier territories in Europe, 1500-1700 / Şevket Pamuk

Source:

International Journal of Turkish Studies 9 (2003) p. 175-182

 

Index:

Papaconstantinou, Arietta

Title:

A preliminary prosopography of moneylenders in early Islamic Egypt and South Palestine / by Arietta Papaconstantinou

Source:

Mélanges Cécile Morrisson. - Paris : Association des Amis du Centre d'Histoire et Civilisation de Byzance, 2010. - (Travaux et mémoires / Collège de France, Centre de Recherche d'Histoire et Civilisation de Byzance ; 16). - P. 631-648

 

Index:

Parvérie, Marc

Title:

Questions sur l'importation de dirhams d'al-Andalous dans l'empire carolingien / Marc Parvérie

Source:

Bulletin du Centre Européen d'Études numismatiques 49 (2012) 1 (janvier-avril) p. 14-23

 

Index:

Roslund, Mats

Title:

At the end of the silver flow : Islamic dirhams in Sigtuna and the shrinking Viking network / Mats Roslund

Source:

Small things, wide horizons : studies in honour of Birgitta Hårdh / ed. by Lars Larsson ... [et al.]. - Oxford : Archaeopress, cop. 2015. - P. 43-48

Abstract:

In this paper, a classic subject will be addressed: the last import of Islamic dirhams into Scandinavia. The place under study is Sigtuna, established in ca. AD 980, a date that sets the earliest possible deposition for nine retrieved dirhams. The main objective is to provide data for their chronology and provenance, and to confirm under which regent they were issued. With this data at hand, an analysis will be made, connecting them with their international background. The reason for their appearance in Sigtuna will be addressed, as well as the difference in the circulation compared to the urban predecessor Birka. I will conclude the article by stressing the continous need for interregional trade from the ninth to the eleventh centuries, with the aim to acquiring raw materials and socially ostentatious objects, but with diminishing distances covered.

 

Index:

Schultz, Warren C.

Title:

Recent developments in Islamic monetary history / Warren C. Schultz

Source:

History Compass 9 (2011) 1 p. 71–83

Abstract:

In the 30 years since scholarship in Islamic numismatics was last surveyed, the field has expanded well beyond the identification of coins to include discussions of monetary circulation and wider monetary history. Crucial to this process has been the growth of coin archives, primarily through the appearance of sylloges and digital publications. Numerous specialized studies have also appeared, drawing particular attention to issues of new theoretical approaches to monetary valuation and circulation and to the important matter of Islamic metrology and metrological systems.

 

Index:

Shatzmiller, Maya

Title:

The role of money in the economic growth of the early Islamic period (650–1000) / Maya Shatzmiller

Source:

Sources and approaches across disciplines in Near Eastern studies : proceedings of the 24th congress, Union Européenne des Arabisants et Islamisants, Leipzig 2008 / ed. by Verena Klemm and Nuha Al-Sha'ar ; with L. Behzadi ... [et al.] ; in coop. with B. Backe ... [at al.]. - Leuven : Peeters : Department Oosterse Studies, 2013. - (Orientalia Lovaniensia analecta ; 215). - P. 271-305