01. Handbooks, general works

Index:       

Ali, Wijdan

Title:

Islamic Coins During the Umayyad, Abbasid, Andalusian, and Fatimid Dynasties / Wijdan Ali

Published:

[S.l.] : FSTC, cop. 2004

 

Index:

Bacharach, Jere Lehman 1938-

Title:

Continuity and innovation in Islamic coinage / Jere L. Bacharach

Source:

Bulletin of the American Research Center in Egypt 180 (Summer 2001) p. 22-24

 

Index:

Bacharach, Jere Lehman 1938-

Title:

Islamic numismatics : state of the art at the end of the twentieth century / Barcharach, Jesse L.

Source:

Yarmouk Numismatics 9 (1997) p. 7-18

 

Index:

Bacharach, Jere Lehman 1938-

Title:

Mısır ve Suriye İslami Sikkelerini 'Okumak' (Osmanlı Dönemine Kadar) = 'Reading' Egyptian and Syrian Islamic coinage to Ottoman times / Jere L. Bacharach

Source:

Altının iktidarı, iktidarın altınları : Yapı Kredi Para Koleksiyonu, Altın Sikke Sergisi = Power of gold, golds of power / [yayına hazırlayanlar Şennur Şentürk, Selahattin Özpalabıyıklar]. - [İstanbul] : YKY, [2005]. - P. 69-77

 

Index:

Bacharach, Jere Lehman 1938-

Title:

The problem of the obverse and reverse in Islamic numismatics / Jere L. Bacharach and H.A. Awad

Source:

Numismatic Chronicle 7th ser. 13 (1973) p. 183-193

 

Index:

Bacharach, Jere Lehman 1938-

Title:

Studies on the fineness of silver coins / by Jere L. Bacharach and Adon A. Gordus

Source:

Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 11 (1968) 3 (October) p. 298-317

 

Index:

Bergmann, Ernst Gustav Benjamin von

Title:

Die Nominale der Münzreform des Chalifen Abdulmelik / von E. v. Bergmann

Source:

Sitzungsberichte der kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Philosophisch-historische Classe 65 (1870) p. 239-266

 

Index:

Callegari, Marco

Title:

Alle origini della bibliografia sulla numismatica islamica / Marco Callegari

Source:

4th Simone Assemani symposium : Trieste, 26-27 September 2014 / ed. by Bruno Callegher and Arianna D'Ottone Rambach. - Trieste : EUT, 2015. - (Polymnia ; 9). - P. 223-242

Abstract:

The slow path toward the birth ofthe Bibliography of Islamic Numismatics started at the beginning of the 18th century. Special paragraphs on Kufic coins Were placed in general bibliographies, indication of a growing interest on the matter. In the same years, the Islamic Numismatics gradually became a discipline with a specific methodology and the bibliographic works about it were not merely small sections of general ones. A first turning point came with the Museum cuficum Borgianum of Jacob Georg Christian Adler (1782), but only in the Introductio in rem numariam Muhammeddanorum (1794) Oluf Gerhard Tychsen wrote the chapter Bibliographia numaria cufica, the first annotated bibliography in the modem sense.

 

Index:

Callegher, Bruno

Title:

The 2nd Simone Assemani symposium on Islamic coins / ed. by Bruno Callegher and Arianna D'Ottone

Series:

Polymnia ; 1

Published:

Trieste : EUT, 2010

Abstract:

The volume gathers the Proceedings of the second International Symposium 'Simone Assemani' on Islamic numismatics (Trieste, 29-31 August 2008). The papers, by Italian and international scholars, deal with various domains of the Numismatic research covering a wide chronological and geographical span. Seals, coins from archeological excavations, Arabic coins with Persian legends or with Chinese characters and contributions on Islamic coin collections are some of the themes of the fifteen papers published. Moreover these papers examine, among other topics, the coins from Islamic and Norman Sicily, the coinage of the Malmuk and post-Ottoman conquest of Egypt and the great export of silver from Europe to Islamic lands at the beginning of the XIIIth century.

 

Index:

Callegher, Bruno

Title:

The 3rd Simone Assemani symposium on Islamic coins / ed. by Bruno Callegher and Arianna D'Ottone

Series:

Polymnia ; 3

Published:

Trieste : EUT, 2012

Abstract:

The 3rd Assemani Symposium was dedicated to the transitional period of Islamic coinage, aiming at putting in context the Umayyad numismatic materials. The bulk of the papers published in these Proceedings is therefore focused on this theme, but the contributions also take into account Arab-Sasanian and Arab-Byzantine issues, as well as early Umayyad coins from various regions of the Dār al-Islām (Transoxiana, Sogdiana, Libya,…). Other papers throw light on different periods and objects of numismatic interest (seals, glass stamps, history of collecting), as the vocation of this Symposium is to be the occasion of a wide-range scientific exchange on Arabic and Islamic numismatics.

 

Index:

Callegher, Bruno

Title:

4th Simone Assemani symposium [on Ilamic coins] : Trieste, 26-27 September 2014

Series:

Polymnia ; 9

Published:

Trieste : EUT, 2015

Abstract:

The fourth edition of the Assemani Symposium (Trieste, 25-27 September 2014) focused on the history of studies on Islamic numismatics and welcomed contributions dedicated to other topics related to Oriental numismatics in the broadest sense. The Proceedings gather together 14 papers encompassing archive documents, coins from Syria to China – passing through Central Asia – as well as glass jetons from Sicilian collections, and Arabic and Georgian seals. An ample section is devoted to Simone Assemani’s unpublished correspondence and a special attention is also given to the history of collections of Arabic coins in Italy and abroad. The volume offers a wide perspective on numismatic research on Oriental materials and its contents will be of interest for every scholar interested in numismatics.

 

Index:

Callegher, Bruno

Title:

Simone Assemani nella polemica Schiepati-Castiglioni (1818-1820) e la sua numismatica islamica / Bruno Callegher

Source:

4th Simone Assemani symposium : Trieste, 26-27 September 2014 / ed. by Bruno Callegher and Arianna D'Ottone Rambach. - Trieste : EUT, 2015. - (Polymnia ; 9). - P. 37-104

Abstract:

his paper aims at shedding light on Simone Assemani’s approach to Islamic numismatics, and therefore we examine a group of letters (2 by Assemani and 2 by Gaetano Cattaneo written in 1811 & 5 by Assemani and 10 by Stefano de Majnoni written between 1818 and 1820 after the publication of Assemani’s pamphlet entitled Spiegazione di due rarissime medaglie cufiche della famiglia degli Ommiadi appartenenti al Museo Majnoni in Milano, Milan 1818). After this publication, he asked Assemani’s assistance to identify at first 40 coins from the collection of Leopold Welzl de Wellenheim and 40 coins from his own personal collection, and some time later 22 more coins.

 

Index:

Clément, François

Title:

Les monnaies arabes et à légende arabe trouvées dans le Grand Ouest / François Clément

Source:

Annales de Bretagne et des Pays de l’Ouest 115 (2008) 2 p. 159-187

 

Index:

Codrington, Oliver -1921

Title:

A manual of musalman numismatics / by O. Codrington

Series:

Asiatic Society monographs ; 7

Published:

London : Royal Asiatic Society, 1904

 

Index:

Erdmann, Franz von

Title:

Zur muhammedanischen Münzkunde : Sendschreiben an den Hrn K. R. Paul von Sawelijew / von Franz von Erdmann

Published:

St. Petersburg : In der Expedition zur Anfertigung der Reichspapiere, 1856

 

Index:

Fraehn, Christian Martin Joachim 1782-1851

Title:

Ch. M. Fraehnii Nova supplementa ad recensionem numorum Muhammedanorum academiae imp. scient. Petropolitanae : additamentis editoris aucta, subjunctis ejusdem de Fraehnii vita, operibus impressis et bibliotheca relationibus / edidit B. Dorn

Series:

Ch. M. Fraehnii Opusculorum posthumorum ... / edidit Bernh. Dorn ; Ps. 1

Published:

Petropoli : Typis Academiae Imperial. Scientiarum, 1855

 

Index:

Fraehn, Christian Martin Joachim 1782-1851

Title:

Recensio numorum muhammedanorum Academiae imp. scient. Petropolitanae : inter prima Academiae imp. saecularia edita. T. I. Numi Muhammedani qui in Academiae Imperialis Scientiarum Petropolitanae Museo Asiatico asservantur / Ch. M. Fraehnii

Published:

Petropoli : Litteris academicis, 1826

 

Index:

Gitler, Haim

Title:

Chemical analysis of medieval Islamic coin dies / Haim Gitler and Matthew Ponting

Published:

London : Royal Numismatic Society, 2006

Note:

Offprint from: Numismatic Chronicle 166 (2006) p. 321–326

Abstract:

Ancient coin dies which have survived to the present day are rare and are consequently regarded as particularly important numismatic objects, yet little is known about the metal alloys used to produce them. Ascertaining the chemical composition of these objects gives us the possibility to determine with a high degree of certainty whether they are offi cial products, ancient forgeries or, as in many cases, modern copies. Coin dies found in controlled archaeological excavations fall into the first two categories,whereas those coming from the antiquities market should be carefully examined in case they are modern fakes.The purpose of this study is to analyse fi ve supposed coin dies from the medieval Islamic period and determine whether they are original or fraudulent objects. All these dies come from the antiquities market and have been previously published. Three of them, from the Paul Balog collection, now belong to the Israel Museum. The other two which were originally acquired by L.A. Mayer are kept in the Israel Antiquities Authority.

 

Index:

Heidemann, Stefan 1961-

Title:

Die Bilderwelten auf den Münzen der Zangiden und Artukiden / Stefan Heidemann

Source:

Die Dschazira : Kulturlandschaft zwischen Euphrat und Tigris / Almut v. Gladiss (Hrsg.) ; mit Beitr. von Kjeld von Folsach ... [et al.]. - Berlin : Museum für Islamische Kunst, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, 2006

 

Index:

Heidemann, Stefan 1961-

Title:

Calligraphy on Islamic coins / Stefan Heidemann

Source:

The aura of Alif : the art of writing in Islam / ed. by Jürgen Wasim Frembgen. - Munich ; London : Prestel, 2010. - P. 161-172

Abstract:

Western coinages in the Hellenistic tradition are praised for the beauty of their images complementing perfectly the circular space. Since the Renaissance, Greek and Roman coins are understood in the antiquarian mind as objects of art parallel to sculpture or painting. Numismatics became part of art history. Since the beginning of the artistic modernity, art history learned to appreciate aesthetical concepts others than those measured by the Greek and Roman ideal. Islamic culture developed a different aesthetic in the design of coinages than Western Europe. It praised the art of writing with most outstanding numismatic artefacts. In the late 7th century Islamic authorities created coins as text documents in the first place. The art of writing on coins established itself at the moment when the Qurʾānic message became an iconic symbol for Islam and its empire. The art of the coin in the Islamic World focussed on the beauty of the designed characters and a proportionate distribution of text on the available limited, mostly circular space. The brief survey on calligraphy on coins explored a field of Islamic art which is hardly known although quite occasionally admired. The small form set certain limits; coins as documents required certain formulae, and their production as absolute medium of exchange, meaning money, necessitated techniques of mass production. As miniature official inscriptions of the Islamic Empire and its successor states calligraphy on coins is always orientated towards the current forms of the representation of these states, be it the art of Qurʾānic calligraphy, the style of monumental architecture, or the fine art of courtly poetry transferred into calligraphy or finally the Sultan’s name in calligraphic device.

 

Index:

Heidemann, Stefan 1961-

Title:

Coins as works of art / Stefan Heidemann

Source:

Oriental splendour : Islamic art from German private collections / ed. by Claus-Peter Haase, Jens Kro öger and Ursula Lienert. - Hamburg : Museum für Kunst und Gewerbe, [1993]. – P. 32-37, 41-44

 

Index:

Heidemann, Stefan 1961-

Title:

Die Entwicklung der Methoden in der Islamischen Numismatik im 18. Jahrhundert : war Johann Jacob Reiske ihr Begründer? / Stefan Heidemann

Source:

Johann Jacob Reiske : Leben und Wirkung : ein Leipziger Byzantinist und Begründer der Orientalistik im 18. Jahrhundert / hrsg. von Hans-Georg Ebert und Thoralf Hanstein. - Leipzig : Evangelische Verlags-Anstalt, 2005

 

Index:

Heidemann, Stefan 1961-

Title:

The evolving representation of the early Islamic empire and its religion on coin imagery / Stefan Heidemann

Source:

The Qur'¯an in context : historical and literary investigations into the Qur'¯anic milieu / ed. by Angelika Neuwirth, Nicolai Sinai, Michael Marx. - Leiden [etc.] : Brill, 2010. – P. 149-195

Abstract:

How did the theology of Islam and its idea of an empire  evolve, based on the Hellenistic Romano-Iranian foundation, in the face of Christianity, Judaism, Neo-Platonism and Zoroastrianism? This much debated question has once again raised much scepticism and polemic against ‘established’ knowledge and its sources. The extreme points of view taken in this controversy at large are possible to maintain because there are few undisputed Arabic sources on the first decades of Islam.  In this discourse, imagery and text messages on coins became more important than ever, because the knowledge of these coinages has grown tremendously since the 1990s. Coins offer the only continuous and contemporary independent and primary source for the period of the genesis of the new religion and its empire from Spain to Central Asia. Frequently interpretations of the Islamic coin imagery by political and art historians disregard the proper numismatic context of the seventh century AD. The present contribution attempts to provide a brief overview on the development of the coin imagery, as it is discussed today.

 

Index:

Heidemann, Stefan 1961-

Title:

Islamic section : the Mediterranean, Western Eurasia, Central Asia and Later South Asia / Stefan Heidemann, Alberto Canto and Vladimir Nastich ; in collab. with Simon Gundelfinger

Source:

Survey of numismatic research 2008-2013 / general editor Carmen Arnold-Biucchi, Maria Caccamo Caltabiano ; sub-editors Roger Bland ... [et al.]. - Taormina : International Numismatic Commission, 2015. - (Special publication / International Association of Professional Numismatists ; 16). - P. 531-592

 

Index:

Heidemann, Stefan 1961-

Title:

Islamische Numismatik / Stefan Heidemann

Source:

Numismatisches Nachrichtenblatt (2005) 11

 

Index:

Heidemann, Stefan 1961-

Title:

Islamische Numismatik in Deutschland / Stefan Heidemann

Source:

Islamische Numismatik in Deutschland : eine Bestandsaufnahme / hrsg. von Stefan Heidemann. - Wiesbaden : Harrassowitz, 2000. – (Jenaer Beiträge zum Vorderen Orient ; 2). – P. 1-16

 

Index:

Heidemann, Stefan 1961-

Title:

Islamische Numismatik in Deutschland : eine Bestandsaufnahme / hrsg. von Stefan Heidemann

Series:

Jenaer Beiträge zum Vorderen Orient ; 2

Published:

Wiesbaden : Harrassowitz, 2000

 

Index:

Heidemann, Stefan 1961-

Title:

Kalligraphie auf islamischen Münzen / Stefan Heidemann

Source:

Die Aura des Alif : Schriftkunst im Islam / Jürgen Wasim Frembgen (Hg.). - München : Prestel, 2010. - P. 161-171

Abstract:

Western coinages in the Hellenistic tradition are praised for the beauty of their images complementing perfectly the circular space. Since the Renaissance, Greek and Roman coins are understood in the antiquarian mind as objects of art parallel to sculpture or painting. Numismatics became part of art history. Since the beginning of the artistic modernity, art history learned to appreciate aesthetical concepts others than those measured by the Greek and Roman ideal. Islamic culture developed a different aesthetic in the design of coinages than Western Europe. It praised the art of writing with most outstanding numismatic artefacts. In the late 7th century Islamic authorities created coins as text documents in the first place. The art of writing on coins established itself at the moment when the Qurʾānic message became an iconic symbol for Islam and its empire. The art of the coin in the Islamic World focussed on the beauty of the designed characters and a proportionate distribution of text on the available limited, mostly circular space. The brief survey on calligraphy on coins explored a field of Islamic art which is hardly known although quite occasionally admired. The small form set certain limits; coins as documents required certain formulae, and their production as absolute medium of exchange, meaning money, necessitated techniques of mass production. As miniature official inscriptions of the Islamic Empire and its successor states calligraphy on coins is always orientated towards the current forms of the representation of these states, be it the art of Qurʾānic calligraphy, the style of monumental architecture, or the fine art of courtly poetry transferred into calligraphy or finally the Sultan’s name in calligraphic device.

 

Index:

Heidemann, Stefan 1961-

Title:

Münzgestaltung als Spiegel von Kontinuität der Antike und Rückbesinnung auf vorislamische Epochen / Stefan Heidemann

Source:

Häuser der Weisheit : Wissenschaft im Goldenen Zeitalter des Islam. - Mainz am Rhein, Nünnerich-Asmus Verlag und Media, [2015]]. - P. 24-29

 

Index:

Heidemann, Stefan 1961-

Title:

Numismatics / Stefan Heidemann

Source:

The new Cambridge history of Islam. Vol. I: The formation of the islamic world sixth to eleventh centuries / ed. by Chase F. Robinson. - Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2010. - P. 648-663, 775-779, pls. 16.1-16.41

 

Index:

Heidemann, Stefan 1961-

Title:

The representation of the early Islamic Empire and its religion on coin imagery / Stefan Heidemann

Source:

Court cultures in the muslim world : seventh to nineteenth centuries / ed. by Albrecht Fuess and Jan-Peter Hartung. - London : Routledge, 2011. - (SOAS/Routledge studies on the Middle East ; 13). - P. 30-53

 

Index:

Heidemann, Stefan 1961-

Title:

Text und Bild : zur Gestaltung des Massenproduktes Münze in der islamischen Welt / Stefan Heidemann

Source:

Islamische Kunst aus privaten Sammlungen in Deutschland / [Katalog-Red.: Birgitt Borkopp ... et al ; Beiträge zum Katalog: Bernd Augustin ... et al.]. - München : Maris, 2000. – P. 27-32

 

Index:

Ilisch, Lutz 1950-

Title:

The Leipzig numismatic contest of 1752 : an incentive from the Imperial coin collection to reestabilish the ability to attribute Arabic coins / Lutz Ilisch

Source:

4th Simone Assemani symposium : Trieste, 26-27 September 2014 / ed. by Bruno Callegher and Arianna D'Ottone Rambach. - Trieste : EUT, 2015. - (Polymnia ; 9). - P. 105-129

Abstract:

The contribution aims at a double goal. On the one hand, it reevaluates the significance of plates of islamic coins published in 1752. And on the other hand, it discusses the origins of islamic Numismatics. The author argues that Islamic Numismatics, the roots of which go back to the age of Enlightenment, was the result of the efforts of both catholic and protestants scholars who preferred to embrace Philosophy, rather than Theology, for carrying out their researches.

 

Index:

Jonson, Trent M.H.

Title:

A numismatic history of the early Islamic precious metal coinage of North Africa and the Iberian Peninsula. Vol. 1 / by Trent Jonson

Published:

[Oxford] : University of Oxford, 2014

Abstract:

This dissertation uses all of the available evidence provided by coins to construct a numismatic history of the early Islamic precious metal coinage of North Africa and the Iberian Peninsula. The dissertation begins with a review of the analysis undertaken by earlier scholars, followed by an explanation of the adopted methodology, including the approach to the primary and secondary sources and the description of the methods used in the metrological, metallurgical, and die estimation analyses. The balance of the dissertation is divided into three sections. The first section is the typology, which divides the coinage into four series: Series 1, the Two Imperial Bust type; Series 2, the Latin Epigraphic type; Series 3, the Bilingual type; and Series 4, the Post-Reform type. The typology analyses each series in detail. This section also discusses the iconographical elements of the coinage, with a further chapter providing an analysis of certain anomalous examples that do not readily fit into the typology. The second section encompasses the analysis of the metrological and metallurgical aspects of the coinage and the estimation of the number of dies for each series. The final section combines the numismatic evidence and the historical record provided by a variety of secondary sources into a numismatic history of the two regions. This section includes a discussion of the historical context prior to, during, and after the Muslim conquest of North Africa and the Iberian Peninsula, as well as a discussion of find spots and circulation. The dissertation concludes with a comparison of the evolution of the precious metal coinage in North Africa and the Iberian Peninsula to the evolution of Islamic coinage in other regions of the Umayyad Caliphate and an exploration of the underlying nature of the coinage (i.e. regional, Imperial, etc.).

 

Index:

Jonson, Trent M.H.

Title:

A numismatic history of the early Islamic precious metal coinage of North Africa and the Iberian Peninsula. Vol. 2 / by Trent Jonson

Published:

[Oxford] : University of Oxford, 2014

Abstract:

This dissertation uses all of the available evidence provided by coins to construct a numismatic history of the early Islamic precious metal coinage of North Africa and the Iberian Peninsula. The dissertation begins with a review of the analysis undertaken by earlier scholars, followed by an explanation of the adopted methodology, including the approach to the primary and secondary sources and the description of the methods used in the metrological, metallurgical, and die estimation analyses. The balance of the dissertation is divided into three sections. The first section is the typology, which divides the coinage into four series: Series 1, the Two Imperial Bust type; Series 2, the Latin Epigraphic type; Series 3, the Bilingual type; and Series 4, the Post-Reform type. The typology analyses each series in detail. This section also discusses the iconographical elements of the coinage, with a further chapter providing an analysis of certain anomalous examples that do not readily fit into the typology. The second section encompasses the analysis of the metrological and metallurgical aspects of the coinage and the estimation of the number of dies for each series. The final section combines the numismatic evidence and the historical record provided by a variety of secondary sources into a numismatic history of the two regions. This section includes a discussion of the historical context prior to, during, and after the Muslim conquest of North Africa and the Iberian Peninsula, as well as a discussion of find spots and circulation. The dissertation concludes with a comparison of the evolution of the precious metal coinage in North Africa and the Iberian Peninsula to the evolution of Islamic coinage in other regions of the Umayyad Caliphate and an exploration of the underlying nature of the coinage (i.e. regional, Imperial, etc.).

 

Index:

Lane-Poole, Stanley 1854-1931

Title:

Arabic glass coins / [Stanley E. Lane Poole]

Source:

Numismatic Chronicle n.s. 12 (1872) p. 199-211, pl. 9

 

Index:

Lane-Poole, Stanley 1854-1931

Title:

Essays in oriental numismatics : papers contributed to the Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, and to the Numismatic Chronicle, etc. / by Stanley Lane Poole …

Published:

[S.l. : s.n.], 1872-1874

 

Index:

Lane-Poole, Stanley 1854-1931

Title:

On mint-characteristics of Arabic coins / [Stanley E. Lane Poole]

Source:

Numismatic Chronicle n.s. 13 (1873) p. 54-59, pl. 1

 

Index:

Leggett, Eugene

Title:

Notes on the mint-towns and coins of the Mohamedans from the earliest period of the present time : with map and a table showing the dinars, dirhems and fulus of the Amawee and Abasee khaleefehs from the year 79 to 332 A.H. / by Eugene Leggett

Published:

London : Stevens & sons, 1885

 

Index:

Leuthold, Enrico

Title:

Nuovi contributi alla numismatica abbaside / Enrico Leuthold

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 118 (Mai 1980) p. 44-51

 

Index:

Leuthold, Enrico

Title:

Nuovi contributi alla numismatica umaiyade / Enrico Leuthold

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 115 (August 1979) p. 66-71

 

Index:

Meier, Ernst 1811-1866

Title:

Die Werthbezeichnungen auf muhammedanischen Münzen / von Ernst Meier

Source:

Zeitschrift der Deutschen morgenländischen Gesellschaft 18 (1864) p. 760-780

 

Index:

Miller, Peter N. 1964-

Title:

Peiresc and the study of Islamic coins in the early seventeenth century / Peter N. Miller ; with app. identifying Peiresc's coins by John Cunnally and Stefan Heidemann

Source:

The rebirth of antiquity : numismatics, archaeology, and classical studies in the culture of the Renaissance / ed. by Alan M. Stahl ; with the assistance of Gretchen Oberfranc. - Princeton : Princeton University Library, 2009. – P. 315-387

Abstract:

The article discusses the French numismatist and coin collector Nicolas Claude Fabri de Peiresc (1580-1637), especially his collection of medieval Arabic and Islamic coins, the largest in Europe at the time. The effect of Peiresc's studies on early oriental studies in general and Islamic numismatics in particular is discussed, as are inventories of his collection detailing the Artuqid, Zengid, Seljuk, and other coins in his possession. His work is seen as providing insight into the limited cultural exchanges and understandings between Europe and the Arab world in the early 17th-century Mediterranean region.

 

Index:

Millies, Henricus Christiaan 1810-1868

Title:

Onderzoek van eene verzameling Oostersche munten / door H.C. Millies

Source:

Verslagen en mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afd. Letterkunde 5 (1860) p. 388-401

 

Index:

Mitchiner, Michael 1938-

Title:

Oriental coins and their values. [I]: The world of Islam / by Michael Mitchiner

Published:

London : Hawkins, cop. 1977

 

Index:

Munzel, Kurt 1905-1986

Title:

Beiträge zur islamischen Numismatik. I / Kurt Munzel

Source:

Jahrbuch für Numismatik und Geldgeschichte 22 (1972) p. 103-111, pls. 17-18

 

Index:

Munzel, Kurt 1905-1986

Title:

Beiträge zur islamischen Numismatik. II / Kurt Munzel

Source:

Jahrbuch für Numismatik und Geldgeschichte 24 (1974) p. 195-203, pls. 14-15

 

Index:

Murr, Christoph Gottlieb von 1733-1811

Title:

Drey Abhandlungen von der Geschichte der Araber überhaupt derselben Münzen und Siegeln / Christoph Gottlieb von Murr

Published:

Nürnberg : bey Joseph Ehrenreich Ammermüller, 1770

 

Index:

Oikonomides, Alexandros Nikolaus

Title:

Les Danishmendides, entre Byzance, Bagdad et le sultanat d'Iconium / Nicolas Oikonomidès

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 25 (1983) p. 189-207

 

Index:

Plant, Richard J.

Title:

Arabic coins and how to read them / by Richard J. Plant

Edition:

2nd ed. (rev.)

Published:

London : Seaby, 1980

 

Index:

Stickel, Johann Gustav 1805-1896

Title:

Ueber einige muhammedanische Münzen / von Stickel

Source:

Zeitschrift der Deutschen morgenländischen Gesellschaft 9 (1855) p. 249-255

 

Index:

Stickel, Johann Gustav 1805-1896

Title:

Die Werthbezeichnungen auf muhammedanischen Münzen / von Stickel und von Tiesenhausen

Source:

Zeitschrift der Deutschen morgenländischen Gesellschaft 33 (1879) p. 341-386

 

Index:

Treadwell, Luke

Title:

Qur'anic inscriptions on the coins of the 'ahl al-bayt' from the second to fourth century AH / Luke Treadwell

Source:

Journal of Qur'anic Studies 14 (2012) p. 47-71