13. Monetary aspects, coin circulation

Index:

Haider, Najaf

Title:

The network of monetary exchange in the Indian Ocean trade, 1200-1700 / Najaf Haider

Source:

Cross currents and community networks : the history of the Indian Ocean world / ed. by Himanshu Prabha Ray and Edward A. Alpers. - New Delhi ; New York : Oxford University Press 2007. - P. 181-205

 

Index:

Schwinghammer, Philipp M.

Title:

Die Fundmünzen der Seidenstraße von 100 v. Chr. bis 300 n. Chr. : eine vorläufige Analyse der 'monetären Transkulturalität' eines globalen Wirtschaftsnetzes / von Philipp M. Schwinghammer

Source:

Macht des Geldes, Macht der Bilder : Kolloquium zur Ikonographie auf Münzen im ostmediterranen Raum in hellenistisch-römischer Zeit / hrsg. von Anne Lykke. - Wiesbaden : Harrassowitz, 2013. - (Abhandlungen des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins ; 42). - P. 209-225

Abstract:

This article is about 'monetary transculturality' along the Silk Road. It's a project of the author to collect coinfinds and hoards from Levant to China for visualization. One feature for this cultural exchange are imitations of certain coins. Therefor an imitation system in a hierarchical view has been based using the example of Arabia deserta imitations. The system is as follows: Imitation of the face design (A), the composition (B), the basic type (C), the production style (D) and style (E). In a hierarchical view we have the original, 3 steps of imitation and at the end a new cointype. Another topic is the difference between Rome and China in its understanding of coinage composition and the question of representation of illustration of a ruler by portrait or by the conception of chinese signs symbolizing from its edge to the square hole the chinese emperor as middleman between heaven and earth. Additionally to that the author interprets the direction from right to left as direction of metal and as guarantee to be a valid currency.