10. South East Asia

Index:

Cribb, Joe 1947-

Title:

First coin of ancient Khmer kingdom discovered / by Joe Cribb

Source:

Numismatique Asiatique 6 (juin 2013) p. 9-16

Abstract:

A newly discovered coin of ancient Cambodia, issued by king Īśanavarman (Ishanavarman) I, c. AD 611–635, reveals many insights into the history of ancient Cambodia and its international connections. The coin copies its designs from a gold coin originating from the kingdom of Samatata in south eastern Bangladesh, issued by a contemporary king Śaśānka, c. AD 590–637. The new coin shows the Khmer king to be a worshipper of the Indian god Śiva, sharing his religious beliefs with kings across northern India. The new coin also contributes to the debate on the chronology of the introduction of coinage in South East Asia.

 

Index:

Davids, Thomas William Rhys 1843-1922

Title:

On the ancient coins and measures of Ceylon : with a discussion of the Ceylon date of the Buddha's death / by T. W. Rhys Davids

Series:

International numismata orientalia ; vol. 6

Published:

London : Trübner, 1877

 

Index:

Geld

Title:

Geld auf den Philippinen

Series:

Das Fenster ; Thema 126

Published:

Köln : Geldgeschichtliche Sammlung, Kreissparkasse Köln, [1986]

 

Index:

Joyaux, François

Title:

Le bas-monnayage annamite au 'niên hiệu' de Gia Long (1804-1827) / François Joyaux

Source:

Revue Numismatique 167 (2011) p. 493-516

Abstract:

After a survey of the historical and monetary context of the Gia Long period (1802-1820), this article studies in depth the various issues of cash of this reign. Four main types are thus recorded: 1. Brass cash of 6 'phần' with plain reverse; 2. Brass cash of 6 'phần' with seal characters on the reverse ; 3. Zinc cash of 7 'phần'; 4. Gia Long cash issued by his son. The most complex type is the first one : it has been divided into 4 sub-types according to the written form of the Long character. The most important novelty of this reign consists into the casting of zinc cash which has become the basic monetary unit during the entire 19th c. until the beginning of the 20th, at least as regards the traditional annamese system.

 

Index:

Kroha, Tyll 1929-

Title:

Thailand : Geldgeschichte, Geldformen / [T. K.]

Series:

Das Fenster ; Thema 48

Published:

[Köln] : Geldgeschichtliche Sammlung Kreissparkasse Köln, [1963]

 

Index:

Lacroix, Désiré 1860-1903

Title:

Numismatique annamite. [Texte] / par Désiré Lacroix ...

Series:

Publications de l'Ecole française d'Extrême-Orient ; 1

Published:

Saigon : Ménard & Legros, 1900

 

Index:

Lacroix, Désiré 1860-1903

Title:

Numismatique annamite. Planches / par Désiré Lacroix ...

Series:

Publications de l'Ecole française d'Extrême-Orient ; 1

Published:

Saigon : Ménard & Legros, 1900

 

Index:

Lautz, Thomas 1951-

Title:

Geld aus dem Reiche des weißen Elefanten : Währungsgeschichte und Münzformen Thailands / [Thomas Lautz]

Series:

Das Fenster ; Thema 120

Published:

Köln : Geldgeschichtliche Sammlung, Kreissparkasse Köln, [1984]

 

Index:

Lautz, Thomas 1951-

Title:

Geld in der Geschichte einer Tropeninsel / [TL.]

Series:

Das Fenster ; Thema 129

Published:

Köln : Geldgeschichtliche Sammlung, Kreissparkasse Köln, [1986]

 

Index:

Millies, Henricus Christiaan 1810-1868

Title:

Recherches sur les monnaies des indigènes de l'archipel indien et de la péninsule malaie / par H.C. Millies

Published:

La Haye : Martinus Nijhoff, 1871

 

Index:

Perez, Gilbert Somers 1874-1959

Title:

The mint of the Philippine Islands / by Gilbert S. Perez

Series:

Numismatic notes and monographs ; no. 8

Published:

New York : American Numismatic Society, 1921

 

Index:

Phayre, Arthur Purves 1812-1885

Title:

Coins of Arakan, of Pegu, and of Burma / by Arthur P. Phayre

Series:

International numismata Orientalia ; Vol. 3. Pt. 1

Published:

London : Trübner, 1882

 

Index:

Ramsden, Henry Alexander 1872-1915

Title:

Siamese porcelain and other tokens / by H.A. Ramsden

Published:

Yokohama : Jun Kobayagawa, 1911

 

Index:

Schroeder, Albert 1851-

Title:

Annam : études numismatiques. Texte / par Albert Schroeder

Published:

Paris : Impr. Nationale, 1905

 

Index:

Silvestre, Pierre Jules

Title:

Notes pour servir à la recherche et au classement des monnaies et mèdailles de l'Annam et de la Cochinchine française / J. Silvestre

Published:

Saigon : Impr. Nationale, 1883

 

Index:

Thierry, François 1950-

Title:

Autour des monnaies Hồng Đức thông bảo de Thánh Tông des Lê (1460-1497) / François Thierry, Maryse Blet-Lemarquand

Source:

Revue Numismatique 170 (2013) p. 583-603

Abstract:

The Hồng Đức thông bảo coinage of Emperor Thánh Tông (1460-1497) of the Lê Dynasty can be divided in three types according to both the type and the calligraphy, with type 3 characterised by heavy calligraphy and thick characters. Fast Neutron Activation Analysis was performed on about thirty coins. Elemental analyses clearly show that these three types exhibit different compositions. But contrary to the expected results, the alloy of type 3 is the richest in copper and therefore the most costly, whereas type 1 showing the best calligraphy contains the highest proportions of lead. Given the lack of historical sources and reliable archaeological data, the elemental composition provide criteria to propose a relative chronology of the different types of Hồng Đức thông bảo by comparing the composition of former and later coins.

 

Index:

Thierry, François 1950-

Title:

The Confucian message on Vietnamese coins : a closer look at the Nguyễn dynasty’s large coins with moral maxims/ François Thierry

Published::

London : Royal Numismatic Society, 2011

Note:

Offprint from: Numismatic Chronicle 171 (2011) p. 367-406

 

Index:

Thierry, François 1950-

Title:

La monnaie Thịnh Đức thông bảo dans la crise monétaire au Vietnam (1546-1658) / Francois Thierry

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 158 (2012) p. 279-295

Abstract:

The Vietnamese Thịnh Ðức thông bảo coin emitted during the second reign (1653-1658) of the emperor Thần Tông of the Lê dynasty was, till now, only known from references in older numismatic publications, by a xylography of 1831, and by a rubbing from the 1930s. When studying the collections of the Heberden Coin Room of the Ashmolean Museum (Oxford, GB), the author was finally able to locate a specimen, whose calligraphy and typography is analysed. The coin is situated in the context of the deep political and monetary crisis that hit Vietnam since the 1540s, and although this coin marks the end of a period during which no official coins were produced, it must not, given the low quantities that have been made, be considered as a real attempt to remedy the lack of national money: most probably, it served a political purpose of dynastical propaganda.

 

Index:

Thierry, François 1950-

Title:

La monnaie vietnamienne, entre fiduciarité théorique et métalisme réel, des origines à la fin du XVIIIe siècle / Francois Thierry

Source:

Péninsule 69 (2014) p. 5-36

 

Index:

Thierry, François 1950-

Title:

Monnaies et circulation monétaire au Vietnam dans l'ère Tu' Đú'c (1848-1883) / [François Thierry]

Source:

Revue Numismatique 154  (1999) p. 267-315, pl. 15-16

Abstract:

Sous le règne de l'empereur vietnamien TiiDûc (1848-1883), les finances publiques et l'économie locale qui reposaient sur un ordre ancestral multi- séculaire sont bousculées par l'intervention militaire française et ses conséquences. La circulation monétaire traditionnelle est déstabilisée par le choc de la puissance économique française et de ses pratiques monétaires. Mal préparées à de tels bouleversements, dont le principalest, dans notre domaine, l'introduction massive de pesos mexicains, les élites vietnamiennes réagissent au coup par coup, en fonction de l'évolution de la situation financière du pays, plus pour préserver leur situation que pour trouver une réponse adaptée à la confrontation. Si au-début du règne, les signes monétaires (sapèques de zinc, sapèques et multiples de laiton et monnaies et lingots d'argent) mis en circulation et les unités de compte utilisées restent en correspondance relative avec le niveau de vie très bas de la masse de la population et avec la valeur respective de chacun des trois métaux monétaires, on constate qu'au fur et à mesure que la situation politique et militaire se dégrade, d'une part la production monétaire et le contrôle de l'État sur les ateliers s'affaiblissent et d'autre part, les expédients comptables et les manipulations des taux de conversion sont considérés comme des éléments pertinents de politique monétaire. À la mort de l'empereur,le système monétaire traditionnel est complètement déstructuré, laissant le terrain prêt pour l'instauration du monnayage colonial de la Cochinchine puis de l'Indochine Française.

 

Index:

Thierry, François 1950-

Title:

Nouveaux documents sur les essais de frappe de sapèques au Vietnam / Francois Thierry

Source:

Revue Numismatique 169 (2012) p. 427-435

Abstract:

In the Far East, the end of the traditional local monetary systems affected both currency and coin making. During the second part of the 19th century, the ancient cast cash were progressively replaced by Western-style struck coins following a period of various attempts undertaken by local powers or foreign mints in both East Asia and Europe. For Vietnam, the earliest effort was made in 1870 on a German press, while the first issues in Indochina occurred in the early 20th century. The Ashmolean Museum houses a collection of a group of Vietnamese patterns struck in the late 19th century. The origin of this group is not clear, but the precise study of the typology and the calligraphy show clearly that the dies were engraved by several foreign manufacturers (probably French) living in Vietnam.