04. Iran, Sasanian Empire

Index:

Alram, Michael 1956-

Title:

Ardashir’s eastern campaign and the numismatic evidence / Michael Alram

Source:

After Alexander : Central Asia before Islam / ed. by Joe Cribb & Georgina Herrmann. - Oxford [etc.] : Oxford University Press, 2007. - (Proceedings of the British Academy ; 133). - P. 227-242

Abstract:

This article examines the eastern campaign of Ardashir as the king of Fars based on numismatic evidence. Ardashir's coinage can be easily divided into three major phases according to its images and legends. The first phase is represented by a single type of coin minted in series, the second phase involved Ardashir's first minting phase of king of kings, and the third is marked by the introduction of a new coin type on the obverse showing Ardashir with a covered hairstyle. The metal analysis of four coins of Farn-Sasan has shown that their chemical composition is quite similar to those of the throne-successor coins.

 

Index:

Alram, Michael 1956-

Title:

Early Sasanian coinage / Michael Alram

Source:

The Sasanian era / ed. by Vesta Sarkhosh Curtis and Sarah Stewart. - London [etc.] : Tauris [etc.], 2008. - (The idea of Iran ; 3). - P. 17-30

 

Index:

Alram, Michael 1956-

Title:

Shapur, king of kings of Iranians and non-Iranians / Michael Alram, Maryse Blet-Lemarquand, Prods Oktor Skjærvø

Source:

Des Indo-Grecs aux Sassanides : données pour l'histoire et la géographie historique / ed. curavit Rika Gyselen. - Bures-sur-Yvette : Groupe pour l'Étude de la Civilisation du Moyen-Orient, 2007. - (Res orientales ; 17). - P. 11-40

 

Index:

Bacharach, Jere Lehman 1938-

Title:

The purity of Sasanian silver coins : an introduction / [Jere L. Bacharach, Adon A. Gordus]

Source:

Journal of the American Oriental Society 92 !972) 2 (April- June) p. 280-283

 

Index:

Bivar, Adrian David Hugh 1923-

Title:

A Sasanian hoard from Hilla / by A.D.H. Bivar

Source:

Numismatic Chronicle 7th ser. 3 (1963) p. 157-178, pl. 16-17

 

Index:

Blet-Lemarquand, Maryse

Title:

La question récurrente de la raison d’être de apd sur le monnayage de Khusrō II (590-628) : étude préliminaire / Maryse Blet-Lemarquand ; avec la collab. de Rika Gyselen et de Aron A. Gordus

Source:

Sources pour l'histoire et la géographie du monde iranien (224-710) / edendum curavit Rika Gyselen. - Bures-sur-Yvette : Groupe pour l'Étude de la Civilisation du Moyen-Orient, 2009. - (Res Orientales ; 9). - P. 41-58

 

Index:

Cribb, Joe 1947-

Title:

Numismatic evidence for Kushano-Sasanian chronology / Joe Cribb

Source:

Studia Iranica 19 (1990) 2 p. 151-193, pl. 1-8

Abstract:

This paper should be read in conjunction with my paper on the Kidarite coinages, published in M. Alram, et al. Coins, Art and Chronology II. Although arguments have been presented by Nicholas Schindel criticising the chronology presented here, he offers nothing of sufficient substance to contradict the basic framework presented here and the Kidarite article.

 

Index:

Curiel, Raoul 1913-2000

Title:

Monnaies arabo-sasanides / Raoul Curiel

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 7 (1965) p. 321-328

 

Index:

Drouin, Edme Alphonse 1837-

Title:

Les légendes des monnaies sassanides / [E. Drouin]

Source:

Revue Archéologique 3e sér. 32 (1898) p. 62-84, 169-202

 

Index:

Gignoux, Philippe 1931-

Title:

Prices and drachms in the late Sasanian period / Philippe Gignoux

Source:

The Sasanian era / ed. by Vesta Sarkhosh Curtis and Sarah Stewart. - London : Tauris, 2008. - (The Idea of Iran ; vol. 3). - P. 132-139

 

Index:

Gyselen, Rika 1942-

Title:

Note de métrologie sassanide : les drahms de Khusro II. / Rika Gyselen

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 135 (1989) p. 5-23

 

Index:

Gyselen, Rika 1942-

Title:

Sassanidische kunst en beeldtaal op munten : invloed en interpretatie / Rika Gyselen ; met een comment. door Ellen M. Raven 'Een koninklijk verbond in Sassano-Indiase verpakking?' ; [red.: Arent Pol]

Series:

Van Gelder-lezing ; 8

Published:

Utrecht : Geldmuseum, 2009

 

Index:

Gyselen, Rika 1942-

Title:

Un trésor de Gazira (Haute-Mésopotamie) : monnaies d'argent sasanides et islamiques enfouies au début du IIIe siècle de l'Hégire/IXe siècle de notre ère / Rika Gyselen et Arlette Nègre

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 24 (1982) pp. 170-205

 

Index:

Gyselen, Rika 1942-

Title:

Un trésor de monnaies sassanides tardives / Rika Gyselen

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 32 (1990) p. 212-231

 

Index:

Gyselen, Rika 1942-

Title:

Un trésor iranien de monnaies sasanides (Ve-VIe siècles) / Rika Gyselen

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 23 (1981) pp. 133-141

 

Index:

Gyselen, Rika 1942-

Title:

Trésors monétaires d'époque sasanide tardive : problèmes d'identification des ateliers monétaires / par Rika Gyselen

Source:

Annuaire / École pratique des hautes études. 4e section. Sciences historique et philologiques 89 (1980-1981) p. 621-622

 

Index:

Heidemann, Stefan 1961-

Title:

The Hephthalite drachms minted in Balkh : a hoard, a sequence, and a new reading / Stefan Heidemann

Published:

London : Royal Numismatic Society, 2015

Note:

Offprint from: Numismatic Chronicle 175 (2015) p. 330-349, pl. 48-49

Abstract

This contribution studies aspects of coin production in Balkh for the period between the Hephthalite victory over Peroz probably in AD 474 and the destruction of the Hephthalite realm in a co-ordinated effort by the Western Turks and the Sasanian empire in 560s. In May 1992 a parcel of 27 coins including hoard material was brought to the attention of the author.  The core of the parcel is a homogenous group of 22 Hephthalite imitations of coins of Peroz (457–84) struck in Balkh (Göbl Type 287). It offers also new reading of Göbl Type 288, and tries to bring the coins in a sequence.

 

Index:

Heidemann, Stefan 1961-

Title:

A hoard from the time of the collapse of the Sasanian Empire. [Pt. I] / by Stefan Heidemann

Published

London : Royal Numismatic Society, 2013

Note:

Offprint from: Numismatic Chronicle 173 (2013) p. 414-422, pl. 72-79

Abstract:

In March 2012 a parcel of 66 Sasanian silver drachms was brought to the author’s attention. All the coins were of Ardashīr III (628–30) with the exception of one coin of Yazdgard III (632–51). They formed a coherent parcel. The latest coin was dated year seven of Yazdgard III (638/9). It is worth recording this parcel because it dates from the years of the collapse of the Sasanian empire, after the battle of Qadisiyya (636), and also because about half the coins show ink dipinti (black ink marks), some of which are legible. The reading of the dipinti will be discussed elsewhere. The mint abbreviation WLC is discussed.

 

Index:

Heidemann, Stefan 1961-

Title:

A hoard from the time of the collapse of the Sasanian Empire. Pt. II: Analysis of the minting system of Ardashīr III / by Stefan Heidemann

Published

London : Royal Numismatic Society, 2014

Note:

Offprint from: Numismatic Chronicle 174 (2014) p. 333-351, pl. 53-72

Abstract:

In the previous issue of the Numismatic Chronicle a parcel 66 coins of a seemingly much larger hoard was presented. A second parcel of 176 coins includes 169 coins of Ardashīr III (r. AD 628-630), 5 of Yazdgard III (r. AD 632-651), and 2 apparently unrelated ones of Hormizd V (r. AD 632-633).  The closing coin of the second parcel is again from the reign Yazdgard III of his seventh regnal year (AD 638-9) struck Kirmān (NAL). The main reason for recording lies the scarcity of post-battle of al-Qādisiyya (AD 636) evidence; secondly, the Ardashīr-coins alone make up the largest group of his coins ever recorded and studied. Not only their quantity but also in the number of dies encountered allows preliminary hypotheses on relative mint output; thirdly, alterations of some of these dies and erasures of mints on the coins itself allow preliminary hypotheses about the mint organisation; and finally it is recorded to preserve the numismatic context for the phenomenon of ink dipinti and grafitti in the late Sasanian period.  It also contains a coin of the scarce mint W/N-A/S-A/S.

 

Index:

Heidemann, Stefan 1961-

Title:

A hoard from the time of Yazdgard III in Kirmān / by Stefan Heidemann, Josef Riederer, and Dieter Weber

Source:

Iran 52 (2014) p. 79-124

Abstract:

The analysis of a hoard from the time of the collapse of the Sasanian Empire offers new insights into the administrative situation within the realm of Yazdgard III during his presence in Kirmān. Interpreting die chains using old or newly engraved dies with the then anachronistic name of the previous shāhānshāh Khusrō II, and finding an unlikely variety of mint abbreviations and dates within one workshop, allows us to infer the processing of huge amounts of silver in an unregulated way, compared with the orderly mint administration before the battle of al-Qādisiyya. A rigorous numismatic conclusion makes the change to a centralised minting in Kirmān likely where coins, rather than the dies, were sent to the districts. The key dates of the hoard coincide with the battle of Nihāvand 642 and the beginning of the invasion of Kirmān. Many of the coins bear dipinti with legible Pahlavī inscriptions, highlighting a cultural way of marking coins at the end of the Sasanian Empire.

 

Index:

Longpérier, Henri Adrien Prevost de 1816-1881

Title:

Essai sur les médailles des rois perses de la dynastie Sassanide / par Adrien de Longpérier

Published:

Paris : Didot Frères, 1840

 

Index:

Malek, Hodge Mehdi

Title:

A hoard of Sasanian drachms from Ilam province buried c.AD 602 / by Hodge Mehdi Malek

Published:

London : Royal Numismatic Society, 2015

Note:

Offprint from: Numismatic Chronicle 175 (2015) p. 309-329, pl. 44-47

Abstract:

A hoard of 474 Sasanian drachms covering to reigns of Kavad I to Khusrau II is published. The latest coins are dated year 13 of Khusrau II's reign, equivalent to AD 601/2.

 

Index:

Malek, Hodge Mehdi

Title:

New coins from the reign of Kavad II (AD 628) / by Hodge Mehdi Male

Published:

London : Royal Numismatic Society, 2014

Note:

Offprint from: Numismatic Chronicle 174 (2014) p. 257-260

Abstract:

In 1995 the present author noted 23 different mint signatures for the drachms of Kavād II (628): 17 of these had been confirmed and six were subject to confirmation.1 These numbers have now increased to 25 in total with 20 confirmed and five unconfirmed (see Table 1 below).2 In addition two coins have been discovered with an obverse design which diverges from the standard type.

 

Index:

Mordtmann, Andreas David 1811-1879

Title:

Erklärung der Münzen mit Pehlvi-Legenden / von A. D. Mordtmann

Published:

Leipzig : Vogel, 1853

 

Index:

Mordtmann, Andreas David 1811-1879

Title:

Erklärung der Münzen mit Pehlvi-Legenden. [1. Nachtr.] / von A. D. Mordtmann

Source:

Zeitschrift der Deutschen morgenländischen Gesellschaft 12 (1858) p. 1-56

 

Index:

Mordtmann, Andreas David 1811-1879

Title:

Erklärung der Münzen mit Pehlvi-Legenden. 2. Nachtr. / von A. D. Mordtmann

Source:

Zeitschrift der Deutschen morgenländischen Gesellschaft 19 (1865) p. 373-497

 

Index:

Mordtmann, Andreas David 1811-1879

Title:

Zur Pehlevi-Münzkunde. I: Die ältesten muhammedanischen Münzen ; II: Die Prägestätten der Sassaniden-Münzen ; III / von A.D. Mordtmann

Source:

Zeitschrift der Deutschen morgenländischen Gesellschaft 33 (1879) p. 82-142

 

Index:

Mordtmann, Andreas David 1811-1879

Title:

Zur Pehlevi-Münzkunde. IV: Die Münzen der Sassaniden / von A.D. Mordtmann

Source:

Zeitschrift der Deutschen morgenländischen Gesellschaft 34 (1880) p. 1-162

 

Index:

Morgan, Jacques Jean Marie de 1857-1924

Title:

Contribution à l'étude des ateliers monétaires sous la dynastie des rois Sassanides de Perse / J. de Morgan

Published:

Paris : C. Rollin et Feuardent, 1913

 

Index:

Olshausen, Justus 1800-1882

Title:

Die Pehlewî-Legenden auf den Münzen der letzten sâsâniden, auf den ältesten Münzen arabischer Chalifen, auf den Münzen der Ispehbed's von Taberistän, und auf indopersischen Münzen des östlichen Îrân / zum ersten male gelesen und erklärt von D. Justus Olshausen

Published:

Kopenhagen : [s.n.], 1843

 

Index:

Rezakhani, Khodadad 1976-

Title:

A note on Alkhan coin type 39 and its legend / Khodadad Rezakhani

Source:

Dabir 1 (2015) 1 p. 24-27

 

Index:

Schindel, Nikolaus 1973-

Title:

Farewell to the coins of Ohrmazd III / Nikolaus Schindel

Source:

Studia Iranica 42 (2013) 1 p. 121–131

 

Index:

Schindel, Nikolaus 1973-

Title:

Die Münzstätte Sakastan unter Shapur II / Nikolaus Schindel

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 90 (2011) p. 79–110, pl. 6-9

 

Index:

Schindel, Nikolaus 1973-

Title:

The Sasanian coinage in Merw during the 5th century A.D. / Niklaus Schindel

Source:

Simposio Simone Assemani sulla Monetazione Islamica : Padova, II Congresso Internazionale di Numismatica e di Storia Monetale ; Padova 17 maggio 2003 = Simone Assemani Symposium on Islamic Coinage / Musei Civici agli Eremitani - Museo Bottacin (Biblioteca/ Library). - Padova : Esedra, 2005. - (Numismatica patavina ; 7). - P. 43-54

 

Index:

Schindel, Nikolaus 1973-

Title:

Sasanian gold coinage : an overview / [Nikolaus Schindel]

Published:

Roma : Istituto Italiano di Numismatica, 2006

Note:

Offprint from: Dal denarius al dinar : l'Oriente e la moneta romana : atti dell'Incontro di studio, Roma, 16-18 settembre 2004 / a cura di Federico De Romanis e Sara Sorda. - Roma : Istituto Italiano di Numismatica, 2006. - (Studi e materiali ; 12). - P. 105-129, pl. 1-4

 

Index:

Schindel, Nikolaus 1973-

Title:

Sasanian mint abbreviations : the evidence of style / Nikolaus Schindel

Source:

Numismatic Chronicle 165 (2005) p. 288-298, pl. 38-39

 

Index:

Schindel, Nikolaus 1973-

Title:

Sasaniden, Kushan, Kushano-Sasaniden: Münzprägung, Propaganda und Identitäten zwischen Westiran und Ostiran / Nikolaus Schindel

Source:

Beiträge zum 6. Österreichischen Numismatikertag : 14.–16. Mai 2014 / hrsg. von Tiroler Numismatische Gesellschaft. - Hall : Tiroler Numismatische Gesellschaft, 2015. - (Haller Münzblätter ; 8). - P. 137-167

 

Index:

Schindel, Nikolaus 1973-

Title:

Sasanidische Bleimünzen / Nikolaus Schindel

Source:

TOYTO APECH TH XWPA : Festschrift für Wolfgang Hahn zum 70. Geburtstag / hrsg. von  Wolfgang Szaivert … [et al.]. - Wien : Österreichische Forschungsgesellschaft für Numismatik, 2015. - (Veröffentlichungen des Instituts für Numismatik und Geldgeschichte ; Bd. 15). - P. 303-330

 

Index:

Schindel, Nikolaus 1973-

Title:

Eine überprägte Drachme des Sasanidenkönigs Peroz / Nikolaus Schindel

Source:

Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Numismatischen Gesellschat 54 (2014) 2 p. 109-113

 

Index:

Shavarebi, Ehsan

Title:

Ein vorläufiger Bericht zur Katalogisierung der sasanidischen Münzen des Malek-Museums in Teheran / Ehsan Shavarebi

Source:

Beiträge zum 6. Österreichischen Numismatikertag : 14.–16. Mai 2014 / hrsg. von Tiroler Numismatische Gesellschaft. - Hall : Tiroler Numismatische Gesellschaft, 2015. - (Haller Münzblätter ; 8). - P. 169-177

 

Index:

Valentine, William H. 1856-1927

Title:

Sassanian coins : arranged from works on the subject by Mordtmann, Stickel, Rawlinson, Thomas, and Longpérier, with drawings of coins in the British Museum, the plates of Dorn etc. / drawn and transcr. by W.H. Valentine

Published:

London : Spink, 1921