05. Latin East, Crusaders

Index:

Albachkami, Abdulsalam

Title:

Monnaies croisées d’argent d’imitation ayyoubide / Abdulsalam Albachkami

Source:

Revue Numismatique 167 (2011) p. 471-491

Abstract:

The attribution of the coins of imitation to the Crusaders bases only on their anachronistic dates. To answer certain questions, we tried to lean on the other elements : such as the abnormality arisen on the inscriptions, the difference of epigraphic style and on the difference of technics used to make these coins.

 

Index:

Baker, Julian

Title:

The early period of minting of 'deniers tournois' in the principality of Achaia (to 1289), and their relation to the issues of the Duchy of Athens / Julian Baker and Matthew Ponting

Source:

Numismatic Chronicle 161 (2001) p. 207-254, pl. 43-44

 

Index:

Balog, Paul

Title:

Monnaies à légendes arabes de l'Orient latin / Paul Balog et Jacques Yvon

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 1 (1958) p. 133-168, pls. 11-16

 

Index:

Bates, Michael L. 1941-

Title:

Crusader coinage with Arabic inscriptions / [Michael L. Bates and D.M. Metcalf]

Source:

A history of the Crusades. Vol. VI: The impact of the Crusades on Europe / ed. by Harry W. Hazard and Norman P. Zacour. - Madison : University of Wisconsin Press, 1989. – P. 421-482, pl. 12-17

 

Index:

Bedoukian, Paul Z. 1912-2001

Title:

Coinage of Tripoli (XIIth-XIIIth century) / Paul Bedoukian

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 134 (1988) p. 107-127

 

Index:

Bendall, Simon

Title:

Hyperpyra of Andronikos II and Michael IX with transposed effigies / Simon Bendall

Source:

Revue Numismatique 150 (1995) p. 127-132, pl. 7-13

Abstract:

A hoard of 293 coins, acquired in 1989, contains 289 of the ‘bare-head’ deniers (Schlumberger, plate 2, 20) which are attributed to Prince Bohémond III of Antioch (1149-1201). The hoard belongs late in the sequence of the ‘bare-heads’ type, perhaps c. 1 160, for it contains a relatively high proportion of the latest varieties, E and F (previously designated El and E2). The autors discuss the significance of the crescent mark superimposed on the neck of the portrait. They suggest that it may mark a regency. The hoard shows that variety F is of exceptionally light weight, but that the flans are relatively accurately adjusted.

 

Index:

Bijovsky, Gabriela Ingrid 1962-

Title:

Crusader period finds from the Temple Mount excavations in Jerusalem / Gabriela Glücksmann and Robert Kool

Source:

'Atiqot 26 (1995) p. 87-105

 

Index:

Blancard, Louis 1831-1902

Title:

Le besant d'or Sarrazinas pendant les Croisades : étude comparée sur les monnaies d'or, arabes et d'imitation arabe frappées en Egypte et en Syrie, aux XIIme et XIIIme siècles / par Louis Blancard ; suivie de la table des poids de 300 dinars Fathimités dressée par H. Sauvaire

Published:

Marseilles : Barlatier-Feissati, père et fils, 1880

 

Index:

Bresc. Cécile 1974-

Title:

Les monnaies arabes des souverains chrétiens (IXe-XIIIe siècles) / Cécile Bresc

Source:

L'expansion occidentale (XIe-XVe siècles) : formes et conséquences : XXXIIIe Congrès de la SHMES (Madrid, Casa de Vela ázquez, 23-26 mai 2002) / Société des Historiens Médiévistes de l'Enseignement Supérieur Public. - Paris : Publications de la Sorbonne, cop. 2003. - P. 177-194

 

Index:

Dechant, P. Norbert

Title:

Kreuzfahrer-Münzen welche in der Münz-Sammlung des Stifts Schotten in Wien aufbewahrt sind / beschrieben von P. Norbert Dechant

Published:

Wien : Selbstverl. der Verf., 1868

 

Index:

Dirks, Jacob 1811-1892

Title:

Souvenirs numismatiques des croisades / [J. Dirks]

Source:

Revue de la Numismatique Belge 3e sér. 5 (1861) pp. 242-248

 

Index:

Kool, Robert

Title:

Coin circulation in the villeneuves of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem : the cases of Parva Mahumeria and Bethgibelin / Robert Kool

Source:

Archaeology and the Crusades: proceedings of the round table, Nicosia, 1 February 2005 / ed. by Peter Edbury and Sophia Kalopissi-Verti . - Athens : Pierides Foundation, 2007. – P. 133-158

Abstract:

The Frankish rural settlement in the Latin East differed radically from the western seigneurial model. These differences seem to have resulted in a rural economic system where the use of a wide variety of coined moneys was highly developed. Charters that record money transactions in rural areas of the Kingdom of Jerusalem and in particular coin finds from archaeological excavations of the Frankish villeneuves of Parva Mahumeria and Bethgibelin, demonstrate that petty cash circulated in ample quantities in these rural settlements.

 

Index:

Kool, Robert

Title:

From the horse's mouth : re-dating the anonymous ‘Tvrris Davit’ issue / Robert Kool

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 1 (2006) p. 151-155

Abstract:

The Crusader copper reading TVRRIS DAVIT was once considered an emergency issue struck during Saladin’s siege of Jerusalem in 1187, and later was attributed to the short lordship of Raymond III of Tripoli over Beirut in 1184–1186. The recent excavation of a specimen at the Crusader stronghold of Mezad Ateret—destroyed in 1179—points to a new mint location and date.

 

Index:

Kool, Robert

Title:

Lead token money in the Kingdom of Jerusalem / by Robert Kool

Published:

London : Royal Numismatic Society, 2013

Note:

Offprint from: Numismatic Chronicle 173 (2013) p. 293-339, pl. 49-54

 

Index:

Kool, Robert

Title:

Mid-twelfth century Crusader cut gold fragments from a shipwreck off the Carmel Coast / by Robert Kool, Ehud Galili and Yaacov Sharvit

Published:

London : Royal Numismatic Society, 2016

Note:

Offprint from: Numismatic Chronicle 176 (2016). - P. 319-325, pl. 36

 

Index:

Kool, Robert

Title:

Le monete nel regno franchi : (1099–1291) / Robert Kool, Haim Gitler

Source:

In Terrasanta : dalla crociata alla custodia dei luoghi santi / [a cura di Michele Piccirillo]. - Firenze : Artificio Skira, 2000. - P. 231-235

 

Index:

Kool, Robert

Title:

A thirteenth century hoard of gold florins from the medieval harbour of Acre / Robert Kool

Source:

Numismatic Chronicle 166 (2006) p. 301-320, pl. 57-61

 

Index:

Kool, Robert

Title:

'Underground' money in an ''outremer' estate : token molds and lead tokens from Crusader Arsur / Robert Kool, Oren Tal

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 10 (2015) p. 215-228

Abstract:

This paper discusses token molds and lead tokens retrieved during controlled archaeological excavations at the site of Arsur (Apollonia-Arsūf) during excavations over the past two decades. It promulgates the idea that locally struck unofficial lead money formed an integral part of the ‘cash’ used by Frankish settlers in the lordship of Arsur, like in many of the cities, towns and rural estates in the Latin East during the twelfth and thirteenth centuries.

 

Index:

Kool, Robert

Title:

An unrecorded Bohemian Saint Christopher penny from Montmusard, Acre / Robert Kool, Borys Paszkiewicz, Edna J. Stern

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 8 (2013) p. 143-158

Abstract:

A hitherto unpublished Czech penny was unearthed during salvage excavations in ʽAkkos Crusader-period Montmusard quarter. A detailed analysis of the coins inscriptions, iconography and weight suggests that it was minted by the Bohemian king Přemysl-Otokar II in 1248 or later. The coin exhibits the earliest use of the title of rex Boemorum and a previously unobserved contemporaneous veneration of Saint Christopher in Bohemia. It is an important historical document both of Otokar II’s intentions to create a unified Bohemian state and of the multiple contacts between Bohemia and the Latin East in the thirteenth century.

 

Index:

Lampros, Paulos 1819-1887

Title:

Monnaies inédites d'Antioche et de Tripoli / par P. Lambros

Published:

Le Mans : impr. Ed. Monnoyer, 1876

 

Index:

Laura Montemurro, María

Title:

Monedas de las Cruzadas : introducción al análisis de su iconografía y estilo = Crusader coins : an introduction to their typological and stylistic analysis / María Laura Montemurro

Source:

Mirabilia 10 (2010) p. 130-144

 

Index:

Lavoix, Michel Henri 1820-1892

Title:

Monnaies à légendes arabes frappées en Syrie par les Croisés / par Henri Lavoix

Published:

Paris : J. Baer et cie, 1877

 

Index:

Malloy, Alex G.

Title:

Coins of the Crusader states, 1098-1291 : including the Kingdom of Jerusalem and its vasal states of Syria, the Lusignan Kingdom of Cyprus (1192-1489), and the Latin Empire of Constantinople and its vasal states of Greece and the Archipelago / by Alex G. Malloy, Irene Fraley Prestman and A.J. Seltman ; with the collab. of Michael L. Bates ... [et al.] ; ed. by Allen G. Berman

Published:

New York : Attic Books, 1994

 

Index:

Matzke, Michael

Title:

Der Denar von Lucca als Kreuzfahrermünze / Michael Matzke

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 170 (Mai 1993) p. 36-44

 

Index:

Matzke, Michael

Title:

Die sieben Kreuzfahrermünzen und das Papsttum / Michael Matzke

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 173 (Juli 1994) p. 13-19

 

Index:

Metcalf, David Michael 1933-

Title:

Coins from the excavations of ‘Atlit’ (Pilgrims’ Castle and its 'faubourg') / David Michael Melcalf, Robert Kool and Ariel Berman

Source:

`Atiqot 37 (1999) p. 89–164

 

Index:

Metcalf, David Michael 1933-

Title:

The early coinage of Bohémond III of Antioch (1149-1201) reconsidered / D. M. Metcalf and J. Belaubre

Source:

Revue Numismatique 150 (1995) p. 133-148, pl. 14-17

Abstract:

A hoard of 293 coins, acquired in 1989, contains 289 of the 'bare-head' deniers (Schlumberger, plate 2, 20) which are attributed to Prince Bohémond III of Antioch (1149-1201). The hoard belongs late in the sequence of the 'bare-heads' type, perhaps c. 1 160, for it contains a relatively high proportion of the latest varieties, E and F (previously designated El and E2). The autors discuss the significance of the crescent mark superimposed on the neck of the portrait. They suggest that it may mark a regency. The hoard shows that variety F is of exceptionally light weight, but that the flans are relatively accurately adjusted.

 

Index:

Metcalf, David Michael 1933-

Title:

The gros grand and the gros petit of Hugh IV of Cyprus / D.M. Metcalf

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 27 (1985) p. 130-175, pls. 6-8

Abstract:

The silver gros grands and gros petits of Hugh IV of Cyprus (1324-59) can be classified into two main series, distinguished by a double line or a small cross at the throat. It is probable, but debateable, that these series are from two mints, and if so we may suppose that they were located at Nicosia and Famagusta respectively. Coins with a large letter С in the field, and others in a crude, irregular style, may be from other, minor mints but this is not certain. The large letter В in the field is not a mint-mark. In all, the gros were struck from fewer than 150 obverse dies, and the gros petits from about 40 obverse dies. The article includes a detailed list of the coins of Hugh IV in the Galini hoard, and also those in a hoard from the Limassol district, together with metrological data.

 

Index:

Metcalf, David Michael 1933-

Title:

Some hoards and stray finds from the Latin East / D.M. Metcalf

Source:

American Numismatic Society Museum Notes 20 (1975) p. 139-152, pl. 17-21

 

Index:

Miles, George Carpenter 1904-1975

Title:

Some hoards of Crusader bezants / [George C. Miles]

Source:

American Numismatic Society Museum Notes 13 (1967) p. 189-203, pl. 40-45

 

Index:

Phillips, Marcus

Title:

The 'Roupen' hoard of helmet pennies of Antioch / Marcus Phillips

Source:

Numismatic Chronicle 165 (2005) p. 250-276, pls. 30-70

 

Index:

Papadopoulou, Pagona

Title:

Betwixt Greeks, Saracens and Crusaders : Lusignan coinage and its place in the Eastern Mediterranean (1192-1324) / Pagona Papadopoulou

Source:

Cahiers du Centre d'Etudes Chypriotes 43 (2013) p. 473-492

 

Index:

Porteous, John 1934-

Title:

Crusader coinage with Greek or Latin inscriptions / [John Porteous]

Source:

A history of the Crusades. Vol. VI: The impact of the Crusades on Europe / ed. by Harry W. Hazard and Norman P. Zacour. - Madison : University of Wisconsin Press, 1989. – P. 354-420

 

Index:

Saulcy, Louis Félicien Joseph Caignart de 1807-1880

Title:

Numismatique des Croisades / par F. de Saulcy

Published:

Paris : chez M. Rollin, 1847

 

Index:

Schlumberger, Gustave Léon 1844-1929

Title:

Monnaies des princes chrétiens d'Orient a l'époque des Croisades : (monnais inédites et rectifications) / par Gust. Schlumberger

Published:

Paris : Bureaux de la Revue Archéologique ; Paris : Didier, 1875

Note:

Offprint from: Revue Archéologique nouv. sér. 30 (1875) p. 345-358, pl. 25

 

Index:

Schlumberger, Gustave Léon 1844-1929

Title:

Monnaies inédites des Francs en Orient / par G. Schlumberger

Published:

Le Mans : Impr. E. Monnoyer, 1876

 

Index:

Schlumberger, Gustave Léon 1844-1929

Title:

Numismatique de l'Orient Latin / par G. Schlumberger

Published:

Paris : Ernest Leroux, 1878

 

Index:

Schlumberger, Gustave Léon 1844-1929

Title:

Numismatique de Rhodes avant la conquête de l'île par les chevaliers de Saint-Jean (les Gabalas et leurs divers successeurs) / [G. Schlumberger]

Source:

Revue Archéologique nouv. sér. 31 (janvie-juin 1876) p. 233-244, pl. 6

 

Index:

Schlumberger, Gustave Léon 1844-1929

Title:

Numismatique de l'Orient Latin. Supplément & index alphabetique / G. Schlumberger ; avec deux planches graveés par L. Dardel et une carte des ateliers monétaires

Published:

Paris : Leroux, 1882

 

Index:

Schlumberger, Gustave Léon 1844-1929

Title:

Numismatique des croisades : monnaie inédite des seigneurs du Toron, et Syrie / par M.G. Schlumberger

Published:

Paris : Bureaux aux la Revue de Archéologique, 1875

Note:

Offprint from: Revue de Archéologique nouv. sér. 29 (1875) p. 221-230

 

Index:

Schlumberger, Gustave Léon 1844-1929

Title:

Les principautés franques du Levant d'après les plus récentes découvertes de la numismatique / par G. Schlumberger

Published:

Paris : Ernest Leroux, 1877

 

Index:

Schlumberger, Gustave Léon 1844-1929

Title:

Trois sceaux et deux monnaies de l'époque des croisades / par Gustave Schlumberger

Published:

Gênes : impr. de l'Institut Royal des Sourds-Muet, 1881

Note:

Offprint from: Archives de l'Orient Latin 1 (1881) p. 663-678

 

Index:

Schulze, Ingrid 1946-

Title:

A coin hoard from the time of the first Crusade, found in the Near East / Ingrid and Wolfgang Schulze ; with remarks by Marc Bompaire ; and with contrib. by Peter Northover and D. Michael Metcalf

Source:

Revue Numismatique 159 (2003) p. 323-353, pl. 43-44

Abstract:

The authors will describe 624 coins - with one exception all of them French feudal deniers - that were found in 2000 in the Middle-East. They will examine their meaning for the numismatics of the Crusades. Assuming that the hoard dates from the First Crusade, the authors will, amongst other things, investigate the question whether and to what extent the account of the contemporary chronicler Raymond ď Aguilers about the « official » Crusader's money can be confirmed.

 

Index:

Shea, Karl

Title:

A die-link between Raymond Roupen and Bohemond IV of Antioch / Karl Shea

Source:

Numismatic Chronicle 165 (2005) p. 279-284

 

Index:

Stahl, Alan Michael 1947

Title:

Coinage and money in the Latin Empire of Constantinople / Alan M. Stahl

Source:

Dumbarton Oaks Papers 55 (2002) p. 197-206

 

Index:

Van Nerom, Claire

 Title:

Un fragment de trésor : 129 deniers de Bohémond III, prince d'Antioche (1149-1201) / Claire Van Nerom

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 131 (1985) p. 163-184, pl. 4-7

 

Index:

Vogüé, Melchior de 1829-1916

Title:

Monnaies inédites des croisades / par Melchior de Vogüé

Published:

Paris : Impr. de E. Thunot, [1864]

Note:

Offprint from: Revue Numismatique nouv. sér. 9 (1864)

 

Index:

Yvon, Jacques 1924-1983

Title:

Monnaies et sceaux de l'Orient latin / Jacques Yvon

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 8 (1966) p. 89-107, pl. 3