01. Handbooks, general works

Index:         

Ban, Herbert

Title:

Die Münzen des Jan Vitovec de Gereben / Herbert Ban, Ivan Mirnik

Source:

Numismatische Zeitschrift 108-109 (2001) p. 105-124

 

Index:

Bartolomei, Ivan Alekseevich 1813-1870

Title:

Lettre a M. Victor Langlois sur une monnaie attribuée a Oleg, duc de Novgorod : suivie d'observations et piéces justificatives / par Mm. le général Bartholomæi, Hildebrand et Victor Langlois

Published:

Paris : chez Rollin et Feuardent, 1861

 

Index:

Baschinski, Kurt

Title:

Münzen und Medaillen erzählen von Schlesien / [Kurt Baschinski]

Series:

Das Fenster ; Thema 109

Published:

[Köln] : Geldgeschichtliche Sammlung Kreissparkasse Köln, [1980]

 

Index:

Bogucki, Mateusz

Title:

Die recutting in the eleventh-century Polish coinage / Mateusz Bogucki

Source:

Proceedings of the XIVth International Numismatic Congress, Glasgow 2009. Vol. II / ed. by Nicholas Holmes. - Glasgow : [International Numismatic Commission], 2011. – P. 1382-1388, pl. 1-3

 

Index:

Bogucki, Mateusz

Title:

Forged coins in early medieval Poland / Mateusz Bogucki

Source:

Wiadomości Numizmatyczne 52 (2008) p. 209-236

 

Index:

Bogucki, Mateusz

Title:

An unknown hybrid of the 'Princes Polonie' denier and a new type of Boleslav the Brave's coin / Mateusz Bogucki

Source:

Scripta varia numismatico Tuukka Talvio sexagenario dedicata / [toimittaja: Outi Järvinen]. - Helsinki : Suomen Numismaattinen Yhdistys, 2008

 

Index:

Brekke, Bernhard F.

Title:

The copper coinage of Imperial Russia, 1700-1917 / B. F. Brekke

Published:

Malmö : Förlagshuset Norden, 1977

Abstract:

To the dedicated numismatist, possession of a rare coin gives the same pleasure be the metal platinum, gold, silver, copper, or nickel. In the field of Russian numismatics, it is the copper coins that have so far not been given the attention they so richly deserve. The copper story is quite as interesting and diverse as the gold and silver or the platinum, especially as they certainly must have provided the overwhelming part of the money in circulation for the ordinary Russian during the Czarist period 1700—1917. It is the aim of this catalogue to lend balance to the numismatic literature of this period of Russian history available to the Western numismatist.

 

Index:

Cappe, Heinrich Philipp -1862

Title:

Die ältesten Münzen Böhmens, insbesondere diejenigen der ersten christlichen Herzöge und Könige von Böhmen von Boleslaw I. bis Wenzel II. : vorgetragen in der Versammlung der numismatischen Gesellschaft in Berlin am 1. December 1845 / von H. Ph. Cappe

Published:

Berlin : gedruckt bei Ernst Siegfried Mittler, 1846

 

Index:

Castelin, Karel O. 1902-1981

Title:

Studien zur Groschenprägung im 14. Jahrhundert / Karel Castelin

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 46 (1967) p. 58-67

 

Index:

Chaudoir, Stanislaw de 1790-1858

Title:

Aperçu sur les monnaies russes et sur les monnaies étrangères qui ont eu cours en Russie : depuis les temps les plus reculés jusqu'à nos jours. Pt. 1 / par le baron S. de Chaudoir

Published:

St. Pétersbourg : F. Bellizard et Co., 1836

 

Index:

Chaudoir, Stanislaw de 1790-1858

Title:

Aperçu sur les monnaies russes et sur les monnaies étrangères qui ont eu cours en Russie : depuis les temps les plus reculés jusqu'à nos jours. Pt. 2 / par le baron S. de Chaudoir

Published:

St. Pétersbourg : F. Bellizard et Co., 1837

 

Index:

Chaudoir, Stanislaw de 1790-1858

Title:

Aperçu sur les monnaies russes et sur les monnaies étrangères qui ont eu cours en Russie : depuis les temps les plus reculés jusqu'à nos jours. [Pt. 3]: Recueil de planches/ par le baron S. de Chaudoir

Published:

St. Pétersbourg : F. Bellizard et Co., 1836

 

Index:

Ciofu, Valerian L.

Title:

The famous 1 Thaler Romanian gold medal-coin of the 1616-1626 period / Valerian L. Ciofu

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 135 (1989) p. 59-68

 

Index:

Dewerdeck, Gottfried 1675-1726

Title:

Silesia numismatica, oder Einleitung zu dem Schlesischen Müntz-Cabinet, in welchem biß 368. theils alte rare und schöne im Lande verfertigte Müntzen durch accurate Kupffer gewiesen, umbständlich erkläret und dabey viele in der Schlesischen Historie begangene Fehler deutlich entdecket werden / angefertiget von Gottfried Dewerdeck

Published:

Jauer : Gedruckt bey Johann Gottfried Webern : Verlegt durch den Autorem : Zufinden in dem Rohrlachischen Buch-Laden, 1711

 

Index:

Dobrinić, Julijan

Title:

Moneta con l'iscrizione VROSIVS DVX S STEFANVS / Julijan Dobrinić

Source:

XIII Congreso Internacional de Numismática, Madrid, 2003 : actas = proceedings = actes. II / ed. por Carmen Alfaro, Carmen Marcos y Paloma Otero. - Madrid : Ministerio de Cultura, Subdirección General de Publicaciones, Información y Documentación, 2005. - P. 1305-1309

 

Index:

Dumas-Dubourg, Françoise

Title:

Grâce aux découvertes de Cakajovice (Slovaquie), un complément au monnayage de Raoul, roi de France / Françoise Dumas

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 23 (1981) p. 101-106, pl. 20

 

Index:

Dutkowski, Jaroslaw

Title:

Corpus Nummorum Civitatis Elbingensis / Jaroslaw Dutkowski, Adam Suchanek ; [przeklad angielski: Joanna Wysocka-Dutkowska] ; [przeklad niemiecki: Michael Lang, Wojciech Samson]

Published:

Gdansk : Stowarzyszenie Numizmatyków Profesjonalnych, 2003

 

Index:

Emmerig, Hubert 1958-

Title:

Prager Groschen in den mittelalterlichen Münzfunden in Österreich und Bayern / Hubert Emmerig

Source:

Numismatický Sborník 24 (2009) p. 151-201

Abstract:

Prague Grossi, minted in Kuttenberg from 1300 played a decisive role in Bavaria and Austria in the 14th and 15th centuries, complementing the national pennies with a new level of major units of silver money. In Bavaria 63 hoards and 61 hoards in Austria prove this role. About three forth of these numbers are hoards, one forth includes single finds. Prague Grossi swiftly invaded the territories dealt with in the first decade of the 14th century, perhaps Bavaria a little quicker than Austria. But the number of coins does not exceed a quite low level until the late 14th century. The reign of Wenzel IV (1378–1419) was the zenith of their circulation continuing until the mid of the 15th century. In this time, early Grossi from the beginning of the 14th century were not present in circulation any more. During the reign of Wladislaus II (1471–1516) again many Prague Grossi reached Bavaria and Austria, but the total number does not equal that of the time of Wenzel IV at all. In Austria most hoards have been unearthed in Lower Austria, but the Grossi also reached Upper Austria, Vienna and Burgenland soon, still in the first half of the 14th century. The Grossi did not advance to Salzburg and Styria before Wenzel IV. But the important role of the Prague Grossi in Lower and Upper Austria is not a special characteristic of Prague Grossi. These two regions provide a large part of the medieval coin hoards in Austria in general. In Bavaria the Prague Grossi came from the East, reaching first the Upper Palatinate, Upper Franconia and Lower Bavaria. Far away in Swabia they do not occur before the late 14th century. Following the evidence of coin hoards Prague Grossi have been the dominant monetary unit in the middle level of circulation of money, situated between pennies and gold florins. Much less important were grossi from Milan, french gros tournois, and Meißner Groschen from Saxony. Tyrolean Kreuzer very well supplemented the Prague Grossi. Hoards are illustrating any combination of monetary units. There are not many hoards which contain solely grossi. Mixed hoards combine pennies and grossi, grossi and gold florins or all of these three levels of money. Countermarking Prague Grossi in the early 15th century is well documented in Bavarian hoards, but only on a very low level in the Austrian hoards. In present-day Austria there is only one city, where Prague Grossi have been countermarked: Salzburg. In Bavaria and first of all in its western parts there is a rich series of such cities. The picture obtained from the hoards is one-sided and insufficient. Collecting and interpreting written sources for entries with amounts of money should be the other side of this picture. But this work still has to be done.

 

Index:

Emmerig, Hubert 1958-

Title:

Die Rolle der Prager Groschen in den österreichischen Münzfunden des Mittelalters : mit einem Katalog der Funde aus der Steiermark / Hubert Emmerig

Source:

Schild von Steier 23 (2010) p. 30-36

 

Index:

Ejzenhart, Dariusz

Title:

Herby i znaki mennicze na trojakach polskich / Dariusz Ejzenhart

Published:

Wrocław : GS Media Grzegorz Szajuk 2008

 

Index:

Friedensburg, Ferdinand 1858-1930

Title:

Schlesiens Münzen und Medaillen der neueren Zeit / im Auftr. des Vereins für das Museum Schlesischer Altertümer hrsg. von F. Friedensburg und H. Seger

Published:

Breslau : Verein für das Museum Schlesischer Altertümer, 1901

 

Index:       

Friedensburg, Ferdinand 1858-1930

Title:

Schlesiens Münzen und Münzwesen vor dem Jahre 1220 / von F. Friedensburg

Published:

Berlin : F. & P. Lehmann, 1886

 

Index:

Friedensburg, Ferdinand 1858-1930

Title:

Schlesiens Münzgeschichte im Mittelalter. Thl. I: Urkundenbuch und Münztafeln / namens des Vereins für Geschichte und Alterthum Schlesiens hrsg. von F. Friedensburg

Series:

Codex diplomaticus Silesiae ; Bd. 12

Published:

Breslau : Max, 1887

 

Index:

Friedensburg, Ferdinand 1858-1930

Title:

Schlesiens Münzgeschichte im Mittelalter. Thl. II: Münzgeschichte und Münzbeschreibung / namens des Vereins für Geschichte und Alterthum Schlesiens hrsg. von F. Friedensburg

Series:

Codex diplomaticus Silesiae ; Bd. 13

Published:

Breslau : Max, 1888

 

Index:

Friedensburg, Ferdinand 1858-1930

Title:

Schlesiens Münzgeschichte im Mittelalter. Ergänzungsband / namens des Vereins für Geschichte und Alterthum Schlesiens hrsg. von F. Friedensburg

Series:

Codex diplomaticus Silesiae ; Bd. 23

Published:

Breslau : Wohlfahrt’s Buchh., 1904

 

Index:

Friedensburg, Ferdinand 1858-1930

Title:

Schlesiens neuere Münzgeschichte / namens des Vereins für Geschichte und Alterthum Schlesiens hrsg. von F. Friedensburg

Series:

Codex diplomaticus Silesiae ; Bd. 19

Published:

Breslau : Morgensterns Buchh. (Wohlfahrt), 1899

 

Index:

Garbaczewski, Witold

Title:

Neuer Aaron, neuer David : der Herrscher als biblischer Held auf Brakteaten des groβpolnischen Fürsten Mieszko III. des Alten (1173-1202) / Witold Garbaczewski

Source:

XIII Congreso Internacional de Numismática, Madrid, 2003 : actas = proceedings = actes. II / ed. por Carmen Alfaro, Carmen Marcos y Paloma Otero. - Madrid : Ministerio de Cultura, Subdirección General de Publicaciones, Información y Documentación, 2005. - P. 1179-1185

 

Index:

Gutzeit, Wilhelm von

Title:

Nagaten und Mordken : eine Erläuterung zur Münzkunde des alten Russland / von W. von Gutzeit

Published:

Riga : Stahl'sche Buchdruckerei (K. Kuntz), 1887

 

Index:

Hadji-Maneva, Maja

Title:

Macedonia : coins and history : guide through the permanent museum exhibition at NBRM / Maja Hadji-Maneva ; [transl. by: Elizabeta Bakovska]

Published:

Skopje : National Bank of the Republic of Macedonia, 2008

 

Index:

Hásková, Jarmila 1936-2007

Title:

Chebské mince z 12. a 13. století / Jarmila Hásková

Published:

Cheb : Chebské Muzeum, 1972

 

Index:

Iliescu, Octavian 1919-2009

Title:

The history of coins in Romania : (cca. 1500 B.C.-2000 A.D.) : chronology, bibliography, glossary / Octavian Iliescu

Published:

Bucharest : Ed. Enciclopedică, 2002

 

Index:

Ippen, Theodor Anton Max 1861-

Title:

Über Münzen Albaniens / von Generalconcul Theodor Ippen

Published:

[S.l. : s.n.], 1901

Annotatie

Offprint from: Wiener Numismatischen Zeitschrift 33 (1901)

 

Index:

Ivanišević, Vujadin

Title:

La réforme monétaire du roi Stefan Dušan / Vujadin Ivanišević

Source:

XIII Congreso Internacional de Numismática, Madrid, 2003 : actas = proceedings = actes. II / ed. por Carmen Alfaro, Carmen Marcos y Paloma Otero. - Madrid : Ministerio de Cultura, Subdirección General de Publicaciones, Información y Documentación, 2005. - P. 1347-1352

 

Index:

Katz, Viktor 1880-1950

Title:

Ein falscher Gegenstempel von Bern auf Prager Groschen / von Viktor Katz

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 27 (1939) p. 147-150

 

Index:

Katz, Viktor 1880-1950

Title:

A thousand years of Bohemian official coinage (929-1929) / by Viktor Katz

Published:

New York : Durst, cop. 1980

Note:

Reprint. - Originally published: Prague : Czechoslovak Numismatical Society, 1929

 

Index:

Kirmis, Maximilian 1851-

Title:

Handbuch der polnischen Münzkunde / von Max Kirmis

Published:

Posen : [Historische Gesellschaft für die Provinz Posen], 1892

 

Index:

Kleisner, Tomáš 1971-

Title:

Mince a medaile posledních Rožmberků : Vilém (1535-1592) a Petr Vok z Rožmberka (1539-1611) = Coins and medals of the last Rosenbergs : William (1535-1592) and Peter Vok of Rosenberg (1539-1611) / Tomáš Kleisner, Zuzana Holečková

Published:

Praha : Národní Muzeum, 2006

 

Index:

Klimek, Zenon

Title:

Ceny monet polskich 1506-1795 / Z. Klimek

Published:

[S.l.] : Klimek, 2000

 

Index:

Kliškić, Damir

Title:

Ostava sitnog srebrnog srednjovjekovnog novca iz špilje Turska peć iznad Zeljovića (Sumpetar) kod Dugog Rata / Damir Kliškić

Source:

Vjesnik za arheologiju i povijest dalmatinsku 99 (2006) p. 29-366

 

Index:

Kos, Peter 1950-

Title:

Der Friesacher Pfennig und seine Nachprägungen im slowenischen Gebiet / von Peter Kos

Source:

Die Friesacher Münze im Alpen-Adria-Raum : Akten der Friesacher Sommerakademie Friesach (Kärnten), 14. bis 18. September 1992 = La moneta frisacense nell'Alpe Adria / in Verbindung mit Markus J. Wenninger hrsg. von Reinhard Härtel. - Graz : Akademische Druck u. Verlagsanstalt, cop. 1996. - P. 157-190

 

Index:

Krejcík, Tomáš

Title:

Herrschersymbolik auf böhmischen Münzen, Medaillen und Siegeln / Tomáš Krejcík

Source:

Staaten, Wappen, Dynastien : XVIII. Internationaler Kongress für Genealogie und Heraldik in Innsbruck vom 5. bis 9. September 1988. - Innsbruck : Stadtmagistrat Innsbruck, 1988. - ( Veröffentlichungen des Innsbrucker Stadtarchivs N.F. ; 18). - P. 323-336

 

Index:

Kroha, Tyll 1929-

Title:

Polen im Spiegel seiner Geldgeschichte / [T.K.]

Series:

Das Fenster ; Thema 79

Published:

[Köln] : Geldgeschichtliche Sammlung Kreissparkasse Köln, [1970]

 

Index:

Kroha, Tyll 1929-

Title:

Russland : Geld- und Münzgeschichte unter Zarenadler und Sowjetstern / [T.K.]

Series:

Das Fenster ; Thema 68

Published:

[Köln] : Geldgeschichtliche Sammlung Kreissparkasse Köln, [1967]

 

Index:

Kroha, Tyll 1929-

Title:

Serbien, Slowenien, Kroatien ... : Geldgeschichte der südslawischen Völker auf dem Balkan /  [Tyll Kroha]

Series:

Das Fenster ; Thema 143

Published:

[Köln] : Geldgeschichtliche Sammlung Kreissparkasse Köln, [1992]

 

Index:

Kruggel, Eckhard

Title:

Die Münzen des Herzogtums Kurland / Eckhard Kruggel & Gundars Gerbaševskis

Published:

Riga : [s.n.], 2000

 

Index:

Kundmann, Johann Christian 1684-1751

Title:

Silesii in nummis oder Berühmte Schlesier in Müntzen : so durch Grosse Helden-Thaten, Durch Hohe und wichtige Amts-Würden, oder durch Gelehrsamkeit und Schrifften, ihrer Nahmen unvergeßlich gemacht / dem Druck nebst vielen Kupffern überlassen von Johann Christian

Published:

Breßlau und Leipzig : Verlegts Michael Hubert, 1738

 

Index:

Lanowy, Adam

Title:

Katalog monet polskich 2007 : XX, XIX w. i monety koronne Stanisława Augusta Poniatowskiego / [red. Adam Łanowy]

Published:

Bytom : Fischer, cop. 2007

 

Index:

Lelewel, Joachim 1786-1861

Title:

Notice sur la monnaie de Pologne / par Joachim Lelewel

Series:

Antiquités de Pologne, de Lituanie et de Slavonie ; no. 1

Published:

Paris : Libr. Polonaise, 1842

 

Index:

Leimus, Ivar Akselevic 1953-

Title:

Italian mint masters in Moscow in the 2nd half of the 15th century / Ivar Leimus

Published:

Milano : Società Numismatica Italiana Onlus, 2012

Note:

Offprint from: Rivista Italiana di Numismatica 113 (2012) p. 305-311

Abstract:

Written and numismatic sources allow us to conclude that there were a number of Italians involved in minting Moscow coins during the reign of Ivan III (1462-1505): Jacobo, Gian Battista dalla Volpe alias Ivan Fryazin, Ornistoteles (Aristotele Fioravanti?) and Aleksandro. Apart from ordinary dengas, they manufactured the very first gold coins of the European type there (which imitate Hungarian ducats and English nobles) and thus launched the tradition of striking large gold pieces for special purposes in Russia.

 

Index:

Lupton, David F.

Title:

The minting of platinum roubles. Pt. II: The platinum roubles of Heraeus / by David F. Lupton

Source:

Platinum Metals Review 48 (2004) 2 (april) p. 72-78

Abstract:

Heraeus has in its possession four platinum rouble coins and one commemorative platinum medallion minted between 1826 and 1844. In order to determine their composition and to learn a little more about the methods used in their manufacture, they have been subjected to various techniques of non-destructive examination. These have included a developmental SQUID microscope specifically used to look at magnetic effects due to the iron content.

 

Index:

Mirnik, Ivan 1942-

Title:

Skupni nalazi novca iz Hrvatske XIV. Skupni nalaz zlatnog i srebrnog novca 16. st iz Svinjarevaca / Ivan Mirnik, Muhamed Ždralović

Source:

Vjesnik Arheološkog muzeja u Zagrebu 39 (2006) 1 p. 217-255

 

Index:

Mirnik, Ivan 1942-

Title:

Yugoslavia / Ivan Mirnik

Source:

A survey of numismatic research, 1978-1984. Vol. I: Ancient, medieval and modern numismatics / ed. by Martin Price ... [et al.]. – (Special publication / International Association of Professional Numismatists ; no. 9). - P. 644-657

 

Index:

Nohejlová-Prátová, Emanuela 1900-1995

Title:

Krása české mince / Emanuela Nohejlová-Prátová

Published:

Praha: Orbis, 1955

 

Index:

Oberländer-Târnoveanu, Ernest

Title:

The coinage of the Genoese settlements of the western Black Sea shore and on the Danube / Ernesy Oberländer-Târnoveanu

Source:

Peuce. Ser. nouă 2 (2004) p. 285-296

 

Index:

Oberländer-Târnoveanu, Ernest

Title:

Emisiunile monetare bătute pe teritoriul Moldovei în vremea lui Ştefan cel Mare (1457-1504) : o analiză critică / Ernest Oberländer-Târnoveanu

Source:

Cercetări Numismatice 9-11 (2003-2005) p. 393-399

 

Index:

Paszkiewicz, Borys 1959-

Title:

Brandenburg, Poland, Hungary, or Ruthenia? :  a set of unknown pennies from the 14th century, found at Hrabušice, Slovakia / Borys Paszkiewicz

Source:

XIII Congreso Internacional de Numismática, Madrid, 2003 : actas = proceedings = actes. Vol. II / ed. por Carmen Alfaro, Carmen Marcos y Paloma Otero. - Madrid : Ministerio de Cultura, Subdirección General de Publicaciones, Información y Documentación, 2005. - P. 1375-1381

 

Index:

Paszkiewicz, Borys 1959-

Title:

The earliest Lithuanian coins : vingt ans après / Borys Paszkiewicz

Source:

Numizmatika 6 (2005) p. 9-48

 

Index:

Paszkiewicz, Borys 1959-

Title:

The Sicilian design on the Opole coin and the genesis of the White Eagle / Borys Paszkiewicz

Source:

Notae Numismaticae 3-4 (1999) p. 341-351

 

Index:

Pauk, Marcin Rafał

Title:

The coin in the political culture of the Middle Ages : on the iconography of the Bohemian deniers in the first half of the twelfth century / Marcin Rafał Pauk

Source:

Kwartalnik Historyczny 121 (2014) p. 7-48

Abstract:

The article is composed of three separate parts for which the common denominator is the use of the iconography of Bohemian deniers from the first half of the twelfth century. The images featured on the coins of Duke Svatopluk (1107–09), Vladislaus I (1110–25) and Soběslaus I (1125–40) constitute a point of departure for reflections on the essential components of the political culture of the Early and High Middle Ages. In contrast to existing Czech literature the author interpreted the scenes presented on the deniers of Svatopluk and Soběslaus I (Cach nos. 460, 570) as an illustration of a ritual toast raised by the duke in honour of St Wenceslaus. It probably constituted a heretofore-unknown element of an annual celebration of the martyrdom of the saint (28 September), which entailed a convention and a three-day feast attended by the ruler and the lay and ecclesiastical lords. Reflections in the second part focus on the depictions of Svatopluk, Vladislaus I and Soběslaus I (Cach nos. 460, 557, 573) in foundation scenes. The author examines the degree to which the application of a likeness of a ruler holding a model of a church reflected an actual religious foundation or the universal idea of the generosity towards the clergy. In the case of Vladislaus I and Soběslaus I the sources contain information about imposing ducal foundations, but in the case of Svatopulk there is no such correlation while the episode described by Cosmas and concerning the seizure of Church property by the duke for political reasons compels us to assume that the portrait of the ruler-founder on the coin was to obliterate the unfavourable impression produced by his conduct. The third fragment is a new interpretation of a scene featured on a denier of Soběslaus I, earlier associated with the inauguration of his reign in 1125 (Cach no. 571). In this case, the author noticed a reference to current political events from 1130–31 (chiefly the conflict involving Soběslaus and Meinhard, the bishop of Prague). The scene showing two men praying in front of a centrally located object is interpreted as an act of swearing an oath by both antagonists on the relics of St Wenceslaus, probably after the bishop was cleared of an accusation of treason during the celebrations of the day of St Wenceslaus on 28 September 1131.

 

Index:

Pauk, Marcin Rafał

Title:

'Moneta episcopalis' : episcopal coinage in Poland and Bohemia and its German context / Marcin Rafał Pauk ; [trans. Zofia Szozda]

Source:

Acta Poloniae Historica 104 (2011) p. 31-70

 

Index:

Piénkowski, Robert

Title:

Silesian bracteates : rudimentary issues / Robert Piénkowski

Source:

XIII Congreso Internacional de Numismática, Madrid, 2003 : actas = proceedings = actes. II / ed. por Carmen Alfaro, Carmen Marcos y Paloma Otero. - Madrid : Ministerio de Cultura, Subdirección General de Publicaciones, Información y Documentación, 2005. - P. 1383-1386

 

Index:

Polkowski, Ignacy

Title:

* Decouverte a Glebokie des monnaies polonaises du Moyen-Age / trad. de l'ouvrage polonais ; écrit par l'abbé le chanoine Ignace Polkowski …

Published:

Gnesen : J.B. Lange, 1876

 

Index:

Radić, Vesna

Title:

Iconography of imperial coinage of Medieval Serbia / Vesna Radić

Source:

XIII Congreso Internacional de Numismática, Madrid, 2003 : actas = proceedings = actes. II / ed. por Carmen Alfaro, Carmen Marcos y Paloma Otero. - Madrid : Ministerio de Cultura, Subdirección General de Publicaciones, Información y Documentación, 2005. - P. 1387-1392

 

Index:

Raub, Christoph J.

Title:

The minting of platinum roubles. Pt. I: History and current investigations / by Christoph J. Raub

Source:

Platinum Metals Review 48 (2004) 2 (april) p. 66-69

Abstract:

Nineteenth century Russian roubles are collectors items, but because of their history, there is a question over each one whether it is a genuine Russian rouble or a forgery. There has been some prior research and analysis on the platinum used to make these roubles and on their method of manufacture. As W. C. Heraeus and Johnson Matthey both hold small collections of roubles never before investigated, it was decided to see what could be found out about them and what this could tell us about their origins.

 

Index:

Rehren, Thilo

Title:

The chemical composition of early Russian platinum coins / Thilo Rehren, Eckhard Pappert and Alex von Bohlen

Source:

Numismatic Chronicle 172 (2012) p. 277-286, pl. 29

Abstract:

The refining of platinum during the nineteenth century relied primarily on a complex, and at the time only partly understood, sequence of dissolution and precipitation operations. The primary consideration for the purpose of the Royal Mint in St Petersburg was the malleability of the resulting metal (i.e. how easily blanks could be manufactured and struck) balanced against the overall costs of the operation at an industrial scale. The analyses of the genuine coins of the first half of the century give a fairly accurate image of the tolerated level of impurities, particularly in respect of iron and iridium. For both elements, typical concentrations were found to be in the one percent range, only slightly worse than in Wollaston’s contemporary metal which was refined in the laboratory with the opportunity for more careful control of the process than on an industrial scale. The novodel issues, produced by the Russian mint at the end of the century to satisfy demand from collectors, and using the original dies, are apparently of a considerably higher purity than even the best genuine coins for a number of critical elements, among them gold, iridium, copper, nickel and iron. At present, we are only able to give data for a single novodel coin which may not be characteristic of the whole issue. A marked improvement in the quality of the refining operations is to be expected over the fifty years between the production of the original and the novodel issues. The Russian 1977 Olympic medal in contrast, analysed as an example of modern platinum used for commemorative coins and medals, is almost pure platinum with only minute concentrations of iron, palladium, rhodium and copper. It is very obviously different from the nineteenth century metal.

 

Index:

Rehren, Thilo

Title:

The minting of platinum roubles. Pt. IV: Platinum roubles as an archive for the history of platinum production / by Thilo Rehren

Source:

Platinum Metals Review 50 (2006) 3 (july) p. 120-129

Abstract:

This paper augments a series of articles on Russian roubles in this Journal (1–3) with a summary of recent research into the manufacturing history and materials characterisation of these coins. The results are not only significant for the identification of genuine roubles issued between 1828 and 1845, ‘Novodel’issues produced in the late 19th century, and outright forgeries of the 20th century, but offer a fascinating insight into the difficulties encountered at the time in the large-scale refining and processing of platinum metal. A range of instrumenta methods have been used to elucidate the magnetic properties, chemical composition and low density of genuine roubles, and to reveal their complex internal structure. The resulting new insights into the historical practice of platinum metallurgy are unbiased by concerns about industrial espionage, state secrets, and professional rivalry.

 

Index:

Réthy, László 1851-1914

Title:

Corpus Nummorum Hungariae / im Auftr. der Archäologischen Kommission der ungarischen Akademie de Wissenschaften verf. von Ladislaus Réthy ; eingel. und übers. von Günther Probszt

Published:

Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1958

 

Index:

Reichel, Jakob von 1778-1856

Title:

Serbiens alte Münzen / [J. v. Reichel]

Published:

Petersburg : [s.n.], 1848

Note:

Offprint from: Mémoires de la Société d'Archéologie et de Numismatique de St. Pétersbourg 2 (1848). - P. 243-262, pl. 13-15

 

Index:

Réthy, László 1851-1914

Title:

Corpus nummorum Hungariae : magyar egyetemes éremtár. Köt. I: Arpádházi királyok kora … / irta Réthy Lázló

Published:

Budapest : Magyar tudományos akadémia, 1899

 

Index:

Rupp, Jacobus

Title:

Numi Hungariae : hactenus cogniti, quos delineatos ac e monumentis historico-numariis illustratos. [Ps. 2]: Periodus mixta / exhibet Iacobus Rupp ...

Published:

Budae : Typis regiae universitatis hungaricae, 1846

 

Index:

Schönwiesner, Stephan 1738-1815

Title:

Notitia Hungaricae rei numariae ab origine ad praesens tempus / auctore Stephano Schoenvisner

Published:

Budae : Literis ac sumptibus typographiae eiusdem R. Vniversitatis, 1801

 

Index:          

Šmerda, Jan 1946-

Title:

Denáry : ceské a moravské : katalog mincí ceského státu od X. do pocatku XIII. Století / Jan Šmerda

Published:

[Brno] : Datel, 1997

 

Index:          

Smolík, Josef 1832-1915

Title:

Pražské groše a jejich díly (1300-1547) / napsal Josef Smolik ; doplnili Karel Castelin a Ivo Pánek

Published:

Praze : Ceská Numismatická Spolecnost, 1971

 

Index:

Štekar, Andrej

Title:

I santi patroni locali su alcune monete d'Aquileia, Trieste, Ljubljana, St. Veit e Friesach / Andrej Štekar

Source:

Annales. Ser. historia et sociologia 18 (2008) 2 p. 305-316

 

Index:

Streber, Franz 1806-1864

Title:

Zwei und fünfzig bisher meist unbekannte böhmisch-pfälzische Silberpfennige aus der zweiten Hälfte des vierzehnten Jahrhunderts / erkl. von Franz Streber

Series:

Abhandlungen der philosophisch-philologischen Classe der Königlich Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften ; 4.2

Source:

München : [Die Akademie], 1845

 

Index:

Suchodolski, Stanislaw 1939-

Title:

Beware, the fraud! : on alleged finds of deniers with the legend GNEZDVN CIVITAS and other coins from the reign of Bolesław the Brave / Stanislaw Suchodolski

Source:

Notae Numismaticae 3-4 (1999) p. 303-319

 

Index:

Suchodolski, Stanislaw 1939-

Title:

Les débuts du monnayage en Pologne à la fin du Xe et au commencement du XIe siècle / Stanislaw Suchodolski

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 51 (1972) p. 131-135

 

Index:

Suchodolski, Stanislaw 1939-

Title:

D'où venaient les monnayeurs de l'atelier monétaire de Cracovie à la fin du XIVe et au début du XVe siècle ? / Stanislaw Suchodolski

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 158 (2002) p. 345-352

Summary:

Of fifty-five mentions of coin-minters in Cracow in the written sources, twenty- two can be classified according to the geographic or social position of the persons named. Many come from Silesia, Bohemia and Hungary, and the Italian and French specimens also appear to have passed through these regions.

 

Index:

Suchodolski, Stanislaw 1939-

Title:

La symbolique des oiseaux sur les monnaies tchèques et polonaises de la fin du Xe et du début du XIe siècle / Stanislaw Suchodolski

Source:

XIII Congreso Internacional de Numismática, Madrid, 2003 : actas = proceedings = actes. II / ed. por Carmen Alfaro, Carmen Marcos y Paloma Otero. - Madrid : Ministerio de Cultura, Subdirección General de Publicaciones, Información y Documentación, 2005. - P. 1251-1258

 

Index:

Tilésius de Tilenau, Adolf Vasilevich

Title:

Explication de la figure problématique représentée sur les monnaies de Wladimir 1er et de Iaroslaw 1er / A. Tilésius de Tilenau

Published:

St. Petersbourg : Impr. du Journal de St. Petersbourg, 1864

 

Index:

Travaini, Lucia

Title:

Italské documenty týkající se dukátu Karla IV / Lucia Travaini

Source:

Numismatické Listy 64 (2009) 1 p. 9-11

 

Index:

Vîlcu, Aurel

Title:

Colecţii din Muntenia : Muzeul Judeţean Buzău, Muzeul Dunării de Jos Călăraşi, Muzeul Judeţean ‘Teohari Antonescu’ Giurgiu, Muzeul Judeţean de Istorie şi Arheologie Prahova = Collections from Wallachia : The Buzău County Museum, The Miseum of the Lower Danube Călăraşi, ‘Teohari Antonescu’ County Museum Giurgiu, Prahova County Museum of History and Archaeology / Aurel Vîlcu şi Mihai Dima ; in colab. cu: Ana Dicu, Marian Neagu, Emil Påunescu ¿i Elisabeta Savu

Series:

Monede de aur din colecţiile româneşti ; 1

Published:

Bucureşti : CIMEC, 2001

 

Index:

Willey, David B.

Title:

The minting of platinum roubles. Pt. III: The platinum roubles of Johnson Matthey / by David B. Willey and Allin S. Pratt

Source:

Platinum Metals Review 48 (2004) 3 (july)

Abstract:

It is not known for certain how four platinum roubles came to be in Johnson Matthey’s possession. There is rumour that, at the end of World War I, A. B. Coussmaker of Johnson Matthey, negotiated with the White Russians to smuggle out of Russia a hoard of coins which had been withdrawn by the government years before. The hoard was reputed to be on a train to the West when the Reds caught up with it. Rather than stop the transaction, they thought it a good idea as it would raise capital for them – at that time, the refining capacity of the young U.S.S.R. had been disrupted. So they took over the deal and let the consignment continue its journey to Johnson Matthey where it was refined and the platinum sold on their behalf. However, this is speculation (1). Eye witnesses state that two roubles were definitely in the company’s possession in 1956, and that two more came from the desk of Dr Leslie B. Hunt, the founder of this Journal (1). The roubles have thus been in Johnson Matthey’s possession for almost 50 years and probably for longer. More likely to be true is a brief note in a typewritten statement in the possession of Johnson Matthey, stating no more than “the specimens formed part of a consignment sent to Johnson Matthey for refining about 1870” (2). As there is always interest in platinum coins and particularly in Russian roubles which were the first platinum coins to be minted, it was decided to investigate the metal content of the Johnson Matthey roubles to find if they conformed to recognised Russian roubles – or were forgeries.

 

Index:

Zaoral, Ramon

Title:

Das böhmische und mährische Münzwesen des 13. Jahrhunderts im Licht des Schatzfundes von Fuchsenhof (Österreich) / Roman Zaoral

Source:

XIII Congreso Internacional de Numismática, Madrid, 2003 : actas = proceedings = actes. II / ed. por Carmen Alfaro, Carmen Marcos y Paloma Otero. - Madrid : Ministerio de Cultura, Subdirección General de Publicaciones, Información y Documentación, 2005. - P. 1417-1426

 

Index:

Zaoral, Ramon

Title:

Czech Republic-Slovak Republic / Roman Zaoral

Source:

Survey of numismatic research, 2008-2013 / general editor Carmen Arnold-Biucchi, Maria Caccamo Caltabiano ; sub-editors Roger Bland ... [et al.]. - Taormina : Arbor Sapientiae, 2015. - (Special publication / International Association of Professional Numismatists ; 16). - P. 460-468

Abstract:

Bibliography of Czech and Slovak numismatics for 2008-2013

 

Index:

Živný, Michal

Title:

Coins in graves as reflection of social and spiritual culture / Michal Živný

Source:

Social history and anthropology : proceedings of the symposium 'Social History and Anthropology' : at the International Congress of Ales̆ Hrdlic̆ka organized by the Department of Antropology [sic] and Human Genetics, Faculty of Science of Charles University, and the Czech Anthropological Society : May 22-24, 2003, Prague and Humpolec, Czech Republic / Václav Smrčka and Phillip L. Walker (eds.). - Prague : Karolinum 2009. - (Acta Universitatis Carolinae. Medica ; 156). - P. 111-121

Abstract:

Today we register 380-390 pieces of grave coins from 66 localities (mostly rustic linear necropoles) of the 11th and 12th century in region of Moravia. The beginning of the systematic use of coin as a grave artifact falls to the 1st quarter of the 11th century, its maximal development to interval 1060-1085 and the conclusion to the 1st half of the 12th century. Predominantly we find only one coin in one grave. The most often we find the coin in palms of the dead (26%) or in such position, to which they could get out from the hands (15-20%). No relation between coin position and sex, age, position or orientation of the dead has been proved. The coins belong to prominent means for dating graves and grave inventory. The most frequently the coin in grave was used as a dead obole, it means it was given to grave intentionally and on the ritual ground. It is very probable, that the coin compensated the former material grave gifts because of its small size as a reaction on intensified church supervision, which controlled the observance of Christian principles in burial rite. In such way it indicates the persistence of heathen thinking of common people in 11th and 12th century in environment, that already was officially Christian.