01. Handbooks, general works

Index:

Aagaard, Sven 1945-

Title:

Privat udmøntede speciedalere 1560 og 1563 under Frederik II samt 1590 og 1596 (?) under Christian IV / af Sven Aagaard

Source

Nordisk Numismatisk Unions Medlemsblad (2009) 2 (maj) p. 47-54

 

Index:

Appelgren, Thore Gustaf Hjalmar 1872-1950

Title:

Nya rön i fråga om de svenska medeltidsmyntens bestämningar /  av T. G. Appelgren

Source:

Fornvännen (1930) p. 286-300

 

Index:

Auberson, Francine

Title:

Monnaies danoises d'Eric de Poméranie dans le canton de Fribourg (Suisse) / Anne-Francine Auberson, Jens Christian Moesgaard

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 240 (Dezember 2010) p. 120-125

 

Index:

Bendixen, Kirsten 1924-1995

Title:

Mønternes funktion i Danmark i perioden c. 1075 til c. 1300 belyst ved skriftlige og numismatiske kildeudsagn / af Kirsten Bendixen

Source:

Fortid og Nutid 27 (1977–1978) p. 4–20, pl. 1-2

 

Index:

Berch, Carl Reinhold 1706-1777

Title:

Beskrifning öfwer swenska mynt och kongl. skåde-penningar : som til denna tid, antingen i stora cabinetter wårkeligen äro gomde, eller i böcker finnas afritade : tillika med efterrättelse om hwad i fremmande länder … / författad af Carl Reinh. Berch

Published:

Upsala : På Kongl. Upsala acad. kostnad til trycket befordrad, 1773

 

Index:

Björk, Jan-Olof 1960-

Title:

1 öre KM 1772 präglad på irreguljär plants / Jan-Olof Björk

Source:

Samlad glädje 2009 : Numismatiska Klubben Uppsala 1969-2009 / [red.: Curt Ekström, Kjell Holmberg och Magnus Wijk]. - Uppsala : Numismatiska Kubben, cop. 2009. - P. 13-30

Abstract:

The well known ‘1 öre KM 1772’ on large and thick flans (SM 104b, Gustav III) is surprisingly seldom discussed in the Swedish numismatic literature. This fact together with its peculiar appearance has created legends about the so-called ‘pojköret’. Instead of the word “pojköre” a more appropriate name would be ‘1 öre KM on irregular flans’. This study includes 45 coins, revealing different flans of copper and silver, Swedish as well as foreign. Ten different types of strikings have been identified. It is shown that blanking coins of the French 1 sol copper coin most probably have been used. Avesta copper mine and mint produced large quantities of foreign blanking coins at the end of the 18th century. Different use of these odd strikings are discussed – one possibility would be as tokens at the Avesta copper mine and mint – why not as coal tokens at e.g. the blanking-coin production.

 

Index:

Borgerud, Charlotte

Title:

Slå mynt av barn? : En jämförelse av målningar och mynt föreställande drottning Kristina som barn / Charlotte Borgerud

Series:

Uppsala University Coin Cabinet working papers ; 8

Published:

Uppsala : Uppsala University, 2013

 

Index:

Bornestaf, Ulrika

Title:

Skånska borgarkrigsmynt, 1241-1377 : en kronologisk och korologisk studie / av Ulrika Bornestaf

Published:

[Stockholm] : Stockholms universitet, 1993

 

Index:

Brenner, Elias 1647-1717

Title:

Thesaurus nummorum Sueo-Gothicorum : studio indefesso Eliae Brenneri L. annorum spatio collectus, secundum seriem temporum dispositus, … cum commentatione …, accessit ejusdem auctoris Libellus de nummophylaciis Sveciae : de scriptoribus rei nummariae Svethicae, atque de thesauris, seu variis vetustorum nummorum cumulis, passim per Sveoniam fortuito casu repertis

Published:

Holmiae : typis Joh. Laur. Horrn ..., 1731

 

Index:

Carlsson, Susanne

Title:

Medeltida Baltiska mynt y Svenska fynd : utbredning och frekvens / Susanne Carlsson

Published:

[Stockholm] : Arkeologiska institutionen, Numismatiska Forskningsgruppen, Stockholms universitet, 1997

 

Index:

Coins

Title:

The coins and banknotes of Denmark

Edition:

2nd ed.

Published:

Copenhagen : Danmarks Nationalbank, Information Desk, 2005

 

Index:

Elfver, Frédéric 1974-

Title:

Kung Johan Sverkerssons myntning : några reflektioner kring en spekulativ bildrekonstruktion / Frédéric Elfver

Source:

Samlad glädje 2009 : Numismatiska Klubben Uppsala 1969-2009 / [red.: Curt Ekström, Kjell Holmberg och Magnus Wijk]. - Uppsala : Numismatiska Kubben, cop. 2009. - P. 51-58

Abstract:

Some reflections regarding a speculative reconstruction of a coin. This paper deals with the coinage of Johan Sverkersson, King of Sweden 1216-1222. The author discusses the attribution of a specific coin-type with a cross as central motif, only known in two specimens (both fragments) from Swedish finds (fig. 11, 13-14). Furthermore the author comments on a supposed monetary reform in 1216 with focus on a discussion about the existence of half pennies (obol) during Johan Sverkersson. One type of half penny (fig. 18) is dismissed as a modern forgery from the 1690ies or so.

 

Index:

Forsgren, Andreas

Title:

Sköna smycken i silverne skattfynd : smycken och smyckesfragment i depåer av tidigmedeltida gotländska mynt (ca 1140-1220) / Andreas Forsgren

Published:

[Stockholm] : Stockholms Universitet, 2004

 

Index:

Garipzanov, Ildar

Title:

Religious symbols on early Christian Scandinavian coins (ca. 995–1050) : from imitation to adaptation / Ildar Garipzanov

Source:

Viator 42 (2011) 1 p. 35-53

Abstract:

This article discusses the adaptation of Christian symbols derived from Anglo-Saxon, German, and Byzantine numismatic traditions in early Scandinavian coins produced in the first half of the eleventh century. It analyzes a few particular cases of such borrowings (the Agnus Dei, triquetra, and enthroned Christ) by placing them in specific political, religious, and cultural contexts that made foreign symbols both expected and meaningful in early Christian Scandinavian society. These case studies of numismati  imitations demonstrate that the people involved in the production of such coins were able not only to appropriate numismatic prototypes coming from abroad but also to adapt them to specific local context. Such thoughtful adaptation allowed Christian numismatic imagery to communicate effectively political and religious messages significant for Scandinavian kings and their bishops.

 

Index:

Grinder-Hansen, Keld

Title:

Mønter som kilde til middelalderens økonomiske historie : en præsentation af et kildemateriale / Keld Grinder-Hansen

Source:

Fortid og Nutid (1994) 2 (juni) p. 101-133

 

Index:

Gullbekk, Svein Harald

Title:

Numismatikkens død eller mulighetenes fagfelt? / [Svein H. Gullbekk]

Source:

Fornvännen 102 (2007) p. 111-118

 

Index:

Hauberg, Peter Christian 1844-1928

Title:

Myntforhold og udmyntninger i Danmark indtil 1146 / af P. Hauberg

Published:

Kjøbenhavn : Lunos, 1900

 

Index:

Heijne, Cecilia von 1969-

Title:

Money and morality in 14th century Sweden / Cecilia von HeijneH

Source:

From Ephesos to Dalecarlia : reflections on body, space and time in medieval and early modern Europe / ed. by Elisabet Regner ... [et al.]. - Stockholm : Historiska Museet, 2009. - (Studies / Museum of National Antiquities, Stockholm ; 11). - P. 161-180, 276-277

Abstract:

The establishment of the monetary system that came to imbue medieval society brought about a substantial change in how people related to each other. Many aspects of everyday life were affected, including questions concerning the role of the royal and religious authorities, trading situations, savings and  economic planning. On the one hand, money was crucial in creating wealth, but on the other, it could bring out the worst in people, causing greed and betrayal. Scholastic thinkers endeavoured to create a sustainable economic system, and their thoughts were largely acknowledged by the secular society, in which religious beliefs were closely integrated. The aim of this paper is to seek an understanding of the complex relation between money and morality during the reign of Magnus Eriksson (1319-1364).

 

Index:

Heijne, Cecilia von 1969-

Title:

Three crowns : coin motive and (trans-)national symbol / Cecilia von Heijne

Source:

Small things, wide horizons : studies in honour of Birgitta Hårdh / ed. by Lars Larsson ... [et al.]. - Oxford : Archaeopress, cop. 2015. - P. 69-74

Abstract:

The use of the symbol ‘three crowns’ has been paid quite some interest by Nordic historians and numismatists during the centuries some of them with nationalistic objectives. This paper sets out to discuss the three crowns motive from a perspective of monetary history in the Nordic countries. The use of the motive during the reign of the Swedish king Magnus Eriksson in the 14th century is particularly considered. This is the first time the three crown  symbol was used on coins in Sweden. In the 16th-century controversies were deep and profound between Sweden and Denmark concerning use of the motive of the three crowns. A conflict arose concerning which country was first to use the three crowns. In Sweden, it led to the first systematic  collection of coins and ultimately the first collections of the Royal Coin Cabinet. Even though the disputes were essentially settled, the issue of the three crowns motive has continued to receive some political interest over the years. As late as in the late-20th century Parliamentary bills were put forward on the matter.

 

Index:

Hemmingsson, Bengt 1955-

Title:

Ännu en 10 daler SM 1644? / Bengt Hemmingsson

Source:

Samlad glädje 2009 : Numismatiska Klubben Uppsala 1969-2009 / [red.: Curt Ekström, Kjell Holmberg och Magnus Wijk]. - Uppsala : Numismatiska Kubben, cop. 2009. - P. 115-120

Abstract:

In 1944, the prominent Swedish coin dealer T.G. Appelgren published a short article, commemorating the 300th anniversary of the introduction of copper plate money in Sweden. These first coins are also considered to be the world’s largest currency, of which only a few remain to our days. In 1644, 26.539 of these coins were struck at the mint of Avesta, according to existing records. In 1974 however, one specimen dated 1645 was salvaged by divers, investigating a shipwreck in the archipelago of Gryt in the southeastern part of Sweden. Apart from 235 coins struck for payment of the King’s guards, another coinage of plate money during 1645 has been identified. 420 coins were also struck for the benefit of the Court Chancellery. Turning back to Appelgren’s article, he stated that apart from the three known 10-daler pieces at the time, a fourth was in existence. It was supposed to have been found at the end of the 19th century, when a wall in an old building was torn down. The present author suggests that this specimen is in fact identical with one of the other three coins, namely the one in the Avesta Coin Museum.

 

Index:

Hildebrand, Bengt

Title:

Anteckningar till svensk numismatisk och arkeologisk-historiografisk bibliografi / av Bengt Hildebrand

Source:

Fornvännen (1935) p. 273-298

 

Index:

Hildebrand, Hans 1842-1913

Title:

* Sveriges mynt under medeltiden / af Hans Hildebrand

Published:

Stockholm : [s.n.], 1887

 

Index:

Holm, Johan Christian 1914-1987

Title:

Grønlandske mønter / af Johan Chr. Holm

Source:

Tidsskriftet Grønland (1958) 6 p. 201-209

 

Index:

Holmberg, Kjell 1956-

Title:

KAROLVS REX S'G', MONETA ABOENS' : Karl Knutssons Åboörtugar : typer, dateringar och några hypoteser / Kjell Holmberg

Source:

Samlad glädje 2009 : Numismatiska Klubben Uppsala 1969-2009 / [red.: Curt Ekström, Kjell Holmberg och Magnus Wijk]. - Uppsala : Numismatiska Kubben, cop. 2009. - P. 121-127

Abstract:

Based on Jonas Rundbergs impressive die study from 2005, the author presents a revised type schema for some of the örtugs struck by king Karl Knutsson Bonde (Lagerqvist type 6, Rundberg type 5a-h), up until now attributed to the Turku (Swedish: Åbo) mint. Due to certain distinct differences between the two large diechains (G and H in Rundbergs study), and the existence of modified dies in one of the chains (H), the author proposes a refined dating of the types. The author furthermore suggests that the number of preserved coins as well as the large number of dies and die combinations in chain H, indicates that the king continued the minting activities in Finland also during his exile 1465-67, and then also most probably moved the mint from Turku to his residence at the Raseborg castle.

 

Index:

Horsnæs, Helle W.

Title:

A stepping stone in the Baltic Sea : two millennia of coin finds and coin use : a case study of Vester herred, Bornholm / Helle W. Horsnæs, Michael Märcher & Michael Vennersdorf

Source:

Journal of Archæological Numismatics 3 (2013) p. 1-65

Abstract:

The project ‘A stepping stone in the Baltic Sea’ aimed at investigating coin finds from a specific  area from two points of view. From a methodological point of view it investigates the potentials and pitfalls in  the use of archaeological material deriving from detector surveys undertaken by amateur archaeologists and  the integration of these finds, in casu coins, with finds deriving from other types of investigation or from  accidental finds. In the interpretative level this is the first diachronic analysis of coin use covering a whole region of Denmark from the first appearance of coins in the archaeological material until the present day. The paper is divided into three main parts: first an introduction to the material, detector archaeology and Bornholm, followed by the analysis of coins and contexts and conclusions based on the finds, and finally close  descriptions of the sites used as main cases.

 

Index:

Jaanusson, Hille

Title:

Ett estniskt korsformat hänge från Bjurhovda i Västerås / [Hille Jaanusson]

Source:

Fornvännen (1971) 2 p. 99-104

 

Index:

Jonsson, Kenneth 1950-

Title:

Numismatics / Kenneth Jonsson

Source:

Current Swedish Archaeotogy 3 (I995) p. 163-171

 

Index:

Kjellmark, Knut

Title:

Hällkistan och myntskatten från Räppe i Öjaby socken, Småland / Knut Kjellmark och Bengt Thordeman

Source:

Fornvännen (1939) p. 65-89

 

Index:

Knutsson, Eric

Title:

Kung Carl XVI Gustafs 10-kronorsmynt 1991-2009 : myntprägling och präglingsvarianter av 'Guldtian' / Eric Knutsson

Source:

Samlad glädje 2009 : Numismatiska Klubben Uppsala 1969-2009 / [red.: Curt Ekström, Kjell Holmberg och Magnus Wijk]. - Uppsala : Numismatiska Kubben, cop. 2009. - P. 137-144

Abstract:

The author highlights the variations of the Swedish 10-kronor coin, ‘Guldtia’ or 'Gold Tenner', embossed under King Carl XVI Gustaf’s reign during the years 1991-2009. Following a discussion of the minting technique, 20 significantly different variants of the Gold Tenner are presented. The variations are considered to be of interest and importance – they are proposed to be recognized, included in catalogues and valuation books, thus enhancing the general interest in variants among collectors and numismatists.

 

Index:

Koronen, Anja

Title:

Engelska mynt i nordiska fynd : en studie av de engelska myntens typsammansättningar i vikingatida fynd i Norden utom Sverige / av Anja Koronen

Published:

[Stockholm] : Stockholms Universitet, 1996

 

Index:

Lagerqvist, Lars Olof 1929-

Title:

Historien om svenska pengar / av Lars O. Lagerqvist

Published:

[Stockholm] : Kungl. Myntkabinettet, [ca. 2005]

 

Index:

Lagerqvist, Lars Olof 1929-

Title:

Myntfynden i Hornborga kyrkoruin i Västergötland / av Lars O. Lagerqvist och R.H.M. Dolley

Source:

Fornvännen (1959) p. 113-136

 

Index:

Larsson, Birgitta

Title:

En studie av Magnus Erikssons mynt, 1340-54 / Birgitta Larsson

Published:

[Stockholm] : Stockholms Universitet, 1995

 

Index:

Lautz, Thomas 1951-2009

Title:

1000 Jahre Skandinavische Münzen / [Thomas Lautz]

Series:

Das Fenster ; Thema 83

Published:

[Köln] : Kreissparkasse Köln, Geldgeschichtliches Museum, [1972]

 

Index:

Leimus, Ivar Akselevic 1953-

Title:

Additional data about the period of and reasons for minting the ‘Russian nobles’ ('korabelniks') of Ivan III / Ivar Leimus

Source:

Pieniądz, symbol, władza, wojna : wspólne dziedzictwo Europy : Białoruś, Estonia, Litwa, Łotwa, Polska, Rosja, Rumunia, Słowacja, Ukraina / pod redakcja: Krzystofa Filipowa, Barbary Kuklik. - Warszawa : Zarząd Główny Polskiego Towarzystwa Numizmatycznego, 2010. - P. 92-97

 

Index:

Leimus, Ivar Akselevic 1953-

Title:

The Baltic region / Ivar Leimus

Source:

Survey of numismatic research 2008-2013 / general editor Carmen Arnold-Biucchi, Maria Caccamo Caltabiano ; sub-editors Roger Bland ... [et al.]. - Taormina : International Numismatic Commission, 2015. - (Special publication / International Association of Professional Numismatists ; 16). - P. 436-441

 

Index:

Leimus, Ivar Akselevic 1953-

Title:

Medieval Livonian gold coins : additional data / Ivar Leimus

Source:

Numizmatikos rinkiniai : istorinės Lietuvos ir su ja susijusių šalių paveldas : mokslo straipsnių rinkinys. -  Vilnius : [Lietuvos Nacionalinio Muziejaus Biblioteka], 2015. - P. 197-203

 

Index:

Leimus, Ivar Akselevic 1953-

Title:

En ny fuglemønt fra Estland / af Ivar Leimus

Source:

Nordisk Numismatisk Unions Medlemsblad (2014) 3 (september) p. 69−72

 

Index:

Leimus, Ivar Akselevic 1953-

Title:

Perdeteken Prägezeichen? Über eine angebliche Quelle zur Dorpater Münzgeschichte / Ivar Leimus

Source:

Numismatisches Nachrichtenblatt 63 (2014) 5 p. 220-221

 

Index:

Leimus, Ivar Akselevic 1953-

Title:

Über die Beziehungen zwischen Münzstätten in Tallinn (Reval) und Finnland in den 1520er Jahren / Ivar Leimus

Published:

Scripta varia numismatico Tuukka Talvio sexagenario dedicata / [toimittaja Outi Järvinen]. - Helsinki : Suomen Numismaattinen Yhdistys, 2008. - (Suomen Numismaattisen Yhdistyksen Julkaisuja ; 6). - P. 123-131

Abstract:

The paper discusses some written sources from the Tallinn City Archives dealing with minting in Turku by mintmaster Leinhart Pauwermann who is known to have struck coins for Tallinn's burgomaster Jakob Richerdes in Turku and Tallinn in 1523–1524. The sources suggest that in 1522 Leinhart Pauwermann permanently lived in Turku and most probably minted shillings of the Visby type (but with the character L as the minter's sign) for the famous pirate Søren Norby who was granted Western Finland by the King of Denmark. This means that Norby's minting should have started in Visby, too, in 1522 at latest, instead of 1523 as was believed before. Also, closer scrutiny of the sources reveals that there was no such mint master as Keynert Ponnemann in Turku in 1528. The corresponding document dates from 1524, in fact, and names the well-known mintmaster Leinhart Pauwermann, who is referred to as having died in 1526 according to another letter.

 

Index:

Lindblad, Robin

Title:

‘Engelsmän’ & ‘Fransozer’ : en studie av högmedeltida engelska, skotska, irländska, flandriska och franska mynt i svenska fynd / av Robin Lindblad

Published:

[Stockholm] : Stockholms Universitet, 2007

 

Index:

Lohne, Otto

Title:

The mint in the Nidaros archbishop's palace : coin production under archbishop Gaute Ivarsson (1475-1510) / Otto Lohne ... [et al.]

Series:

Skrifter / Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskab ; 2010. 1

Published:

Trondheim : DKNVS : Tapir Akademisk Forlag, 2011

Abstract:

Archaeological excavations in the Nidaros Archbishop’s Palace in 1991–1995 revealed the remains of three medieval mints, alongside with remains reflecting the whole production process of coins. An authentic mint workshop is today exposed in situ in the museum constructed over the excavation site, and the richness of the finds makes this mint unique in its kind. The project Erkebiskopenes utmynting på 1500-tallet has undertaken to deepen our understanding of the production processes and the importance of the coinage under the office of archbishop Gaute Ivarsson.

The multidisciplinary analyses presented in this paper permit us to conclude the following:

1) The finds document coining activity in specified houses and enable us to follow the total production chain involved in coin production, from assaying of silver-containing materials through casting, hammering, surface treatments and selection of dies for the final imprinting stroke.

2) The high number of small bone-ash cupels indicates that silver for the coins was coming from silver-containing objects and not from ore.

3) The hammering and intermittent annealing procedures are labour intensive processes. By restricting the workforce to solely one mint master and one assistant, the king made it easy to limit the amount of coins coming from the archbishop’s mint and to control the activity.

4) A number of 282 Norwegian hvids are known from the period when archbishop Gaute Ivarsson was in office. Studies of die-links, weight and silver-content lead to the conclusion that 192 of these coins were produced in the workshop in the Archbishop’s Palace, from which 51 obverse and 29 reverse dies have been identified.

5) By establishing die links it is possible to make assumptions of the number of dies used. By estimating the number of coins that could be produced per die, suggestions on the total number of coins produced during the office of Archbishop Gaute Ivarsson end up at 600,000 hvids. This number is also in reasonable agreement with estimates made from a technical point of view when looking into the laborious processing steps from casting bullion with the correct fineness to the finished hvid.

6) Tithe and land-rent was the main income to the archbishopric. The value of the produced coins is estimated to 28 % of the tithe or 42 % of the land-rent. The profit of the coin production, however, may be about 200 mark annually equivalent to 4 % of the tithe or 7 % of the land-rent.

7) The low margins indicate that the production of hvids was motivated more by its political and symbolic significance for the archbishop than by profit.

 

Index:

Lundström, Lillemor 1938-

Title:

De engelska mynten i fyndet från Opp-Norrby i Österhaninge socken / [Lillemor Lundström]

Source:

Fornvännen (1970) p. 152-158

 

Index:

Märcher, Michael 1979-

Title:

Bronze and copper coins in 19th century Denmark, and found at Koldekilde on Bornholm / Michael Märcher

Source:

Three Conferences on International Monetary History : Business with Money: Monetary Politics and Capital Flows in the Era of the First Globalization, Session of the European Business History Association and Business History Society of Japan, Paris conference on Business enterprises and the tensions between local and global, 30 Aug - 1 Sept 2012 ; Small change: bronze or copper coins from Antiquity to 19th c., Round Table of the "Silver Monetary Depreciation and International Relations" program (ANR DAMIN, LabEx TransferS), Paris, École Normale Supérieure, May 13-14, 2013 ; Transfers of precious metals and their consequences, 16th – 19th c. Round Table of the "Silver Monetary Depreciation and International Relations" program (ANR DAMIN, LabEx TransferS), Madrid, Casa de Velázquez, May 16-17, 2013 / Georges Depeyrot ; ed. with the coop. of C. Brégianni and M. Kovalchuk. - Wetteren : Moneta, 2013. - (Collection Moneta ; 156). - P. 103-122

 

Index:

Märcher, Michael 1979-

Title:

A chemical revolution : the development in assaying at Danish mints c. 1830-50 / Michael Märcher

Source:

From underground to end-users : global monetary history in scientific context : meeting at the University of the Pacific, San Francisco, Stockton, 16-22 May 2016 / Georges Depeyrot & Dennis O. Flynn, eds.. - Wetteren : Moneta, 2016. - (Collection Moneta ; 194). - P. 119-129

 

Index:

Märcher, Michael 1979-

Title:

The Finnish 1 markka 1922 : an exceptional coinage in Copenhage / Michael Märcher

Source:

Three Conferences on International Monetary History : Business with Money: Monetary Politics and Capital Flows in the Era of the First Globalization, Session of the European Business History Association and Business History Society of Japan, Paris conference on Business enterprises and the tensions between local and global, 30 Aug - 1 Sept 2012 ; Small change: bronze or copper coins from Antiquity to 19th c., Round Table of the "Silver Monetary Depreciation and International Relations" program (ANR DAMIN, LabEx TransferS), Paris, École Normale Supérieure, May 13-14, 2013 ; Transfers of precious metals and their consequences, 16th – 19th c. Round Table of the "Silver Monetary Depreciation and International Relations" program (ANR DAMIN, LabEx TransferS), Madrid, Casa de Velázquez, May 16-17, 2013 / Georges Depeyrot ; ed. with the coop. of C. Brégianni and M. Kovalchuk. - Wetteren : Moneta, 2013. - (Collection Moneta ; 156). - P. 43-61

 

Index:

Märcher, Michael 1979-

Title:

Finland 1 mark 1922 : enestående udmøntning i København / Michael Märcher

Source:

Scripta varia numismatico Tuukka Talvio sexagenario dedicata / [toimittaja: Outi Järvinen]. - Helsinki : Suomen numismaattinen yhdistys, 2008. – P. 155-170

 

Index:

Märcher, Michael 1979-

Title:

Forslag til randdekorering 1775 / af Michael Märcher

Source:

Numismatisk Rapport 110 (2011) p. 5-8

 

Index:

Märcher, Michael 1979-

Title:

Peter Uldalls rejse i 1788 / Michael Märcher

Source:

Nordisk Numismatisk Unions Medlemsblad (2009) 2 (maj) p. 55-64

 

Index:

Märcher, Michael 1979-

Title:

Tømmerupskattens hebræer 2-marker 1644-1647 fra Christian IV : schous arbejde og nutidens muligheder / Michael Märcher & Sven Aagaard

Source:

Numismatiske tanker fra Amagerland : festskrift i anledning af Amagerlands Numismatiske Forenings 40 års jubileum. - [Kastrup] : Amagerlands Numismatiske Forening, 2012. - P. 25-39

 

Index:

Märcher, Michael 1979-

Title:

The transfer of minting techniques to Denmark in the nineteenth century / Michael Märcher

Source:

Proceedings of the XIVth International Numismatic Congress, Glasgow 2009. II / ed. by Nicholas Holmes. - Glasgow : [International Numismatic Commission], 2011. – P. 1725-1733

 

Index:

Märcher, Michael 1979-

Title:

Udmøntningerne i Wolfenbüttel 1627 : og de 14 eksemplarer i Den kgl. Mønt- og Medaillesamling / af Michael Märcher.

Source:

Nordisk Numismatisk Unions Medlemsblad (2016) 2 p. 54-58

 

Index:

Meer, Gay van der 1924-

Title:

Ett Anglosaxiskt mynt med inristade fågelbilder / av G. van der Meer och L.O. Lagerqvist

Source:

Fornvännen 91 (1960) 2-3 p. 92-99

 

Index:

Moesgaard, Jens Christian

Title:

Harald Blåtands 'Jellingemønter' cirka 975-985 / af Jens Christian Moesgaard

Source

Nordisk Numismatisk Unions Medlemsblad (2009) 2 (maj) p. 43-46

 

Index:

Moesgaard, Jens Christian

Title:

Hvorfor er der så få enkeltfund af Harald Blåtands mønter? : nogle betragtninger om møntfunds repræsentativitet / af Jens Christian Moesgaard

Source

Nordisk Numismatisk Unions Medlemsblad (2009) 4 (november) p. 135-169

 

Index:

Myrberg Burström, Nanouschka 1969-

Title:

The colour of money : Crusaders and coins in the thirteenth-century Baltic Sea / Nanouschka Myrberg

Source:

Making sense of things : archaeologies of sensory perception / PAG - Postdoctoral Archaeological Group ; Fredrik Fahlander & Anna Kjellström (eds.). - Stockholm : Department of Archaeological and Classical History, Stockholm University, 2010. - (Stockholm studies in archaeology ; 53). - P. 83-102

Abstract:

This paper investigates how colour was perceived differently in the European Middle Ages and carried significance beyond what we ascribe it today. It also considers how the various colours worked as important carriers of values and concepts in this context, where pigments were rare and expensive. A way to access the medieval understanding of colour is through heraldry and its colours, the tinctures, which combine hard and soft materials, even and three-dimensional surfaces, in a way that evades present-day definitions of colour. Medieval people used their senses in a cross-modal way to perceive colour and connect it to an intricate world of symbolism and values. To them, it is argued, colour was a texture just as much as a hue. The aim of the paper is to investigate this relationship between colour, ideas and materiality, filtered through the senses, and made manifest in a group of thirteenth-century Scandinavian coins. Were coins actually perceived as coloured?

 

Index:

Myrberg Burström, Nanouschka 1969-

Title:

The hatched cross : Gotlandic coins of the 13th century Baltic Sea area / Nanouschka Myrberg

Source:

Monetary history of the Baltics in the Middle-Ages (12-16th C.) : international symposium in Tallinn, 9-10 Dec. 2010. - Tallinn : Eesti Ajaloomuuseum, 2012. – (Varia historica ; 6). – P. 80-91

Abstract:

In the 12th century, some authority on the island of Gotland in the Baltic Sea started off a coinage, the first ever on Gotland and the first medieval coinage of Sweden as a whole. Quite remarkably, these and any following coins minted on the island never adjusted to the Swedish mainland royal coins in weights or iconography, but seem to have been independently administered even though the island was within Swedish power (for any period when it was not under somebody else’s control). In the 12th century and well into the 13th, Gotlandic coins had a strong impact on certain areas of the mainland, and in the 13th century they were even used as a model for new coinages in the Baltic Sea area. Interestingly, these first Gotlandic coins in several ways show where their inspiration came from, and thus perhaps who or what motivated their coming into being: trading partners and other guests from the southwestern parts of the Baltic and North Sea.

 

Index:

Myrberg Burström, Nanouschka 1969-

Title:

Myntningen under Magnus Ladulås, 1275-1290 / Nanouschka Myrberg

Published:

[Stockholm] : Stockholms Universitet, 1995

 

Index:

Myrberg Burström, Nanouschka 1969-

Title:

PAX PORTA NY : Gotländsk uttolkning av ett fridskoncep / Nanouschka Myrberg

Source:

Samlad glädje 2009 : Numismatiska Klubben Uppsala 1969-2009 / [red.: Curt Ekström, Kjell Holmberg och Magnus Wijk]. - Uppsala : Numismatiska Kubben, cop. 2009. - P. 149-154

Abstract:

In about 1140 AD, the island of Gotland, off the Swedish coast, initiated what was to become one of the most influential coinages of the medieval Baltic Sea Area. One of the types minted was inscribed PAX PORTA NY. The paper argues that these coins were part of a strategy adopted by the Gotlanders in the 1160s, to proclaim peace in the town of Visby and to direct their international partners to where control and trading peace could be maintained. The different dimensions of the coins (object, text and picture) give away plenty of information on several levels when combined with historical sources, and tell us about the networks, ideological framework, artisanship, and changing loyalties of this time and area.

 

Index:

Myrberg Burström, Nanouschka 1969-

Title:

Value and worth : on the earliest coinage of Gotland, Sweden, c. 1140-1290 / Nanouschka Myrberg

Source:

XIII Congreso Internacional de Numismática, Madrid, 2003 : actas = proceedings = actes. II / ed. por Carmen Alfaro, Carmen Marcos y Paloma Otero. - Madrid : Ministerio de Cultura, Subdirección General de Publicaciones, Información y Documentación, 2005. - P. 1223-1230

 

Index:

Myrberg Burström, Nanouschka 1969-

Title:

A worth of their own : on Gotland in the Baltic Sea, and its 12th-century coinage / Nanouschka Myrberg

Source:

Medieval Archaeology 54 (2010) p 157-181

Abstract:

In about AD 1140, the island of Gotland initiated what was to become one of the most influential coinages of the medieval Baltic Sea area. This was part of a strategy to meet the impact and pressure from the world outside in a period characterised by large-scale political and ideological changes. In this situation, old and new networks were important to maintain autonomy from those aiming for dominance over the island. The coins, with an independent weight standard and an iconography inspired by NW German and Frisian coins, were one way of attracting partners to the island’s main harbour, where its inhabitants could maintain control and trading peace. Coins incorporate in them the dimensions of object, text and picture. A historical archaeology of coins needs not only focus on large-scale perspectives and formal power, but must also give weight to the archaeological context, the life biography of the coins and the social negotiations behind their production and use. Thus intention and reality, symbolism and social practice may be studied to find openings to the stories behind the objects. The different dimensions of the coins together with historical sources give away plenty of information on several levels: about the networks, ideological framework, artisanship and changing loyalties of this time and area.

 

Index:

Nordin, Anders

Title:

En obestämd Uppsalaprägling / Anders Nordin

Source:

Samlad glädje 2009 : Numismatiska Klubben Uppsala 1969-2009 / [red.: Curt Ekström, Kjell Holmberg och Magnus Wijk]. - Uppsala : Numismatiska Kubben, cop. 2009. - P. 167-168

Abstract:

In this article I have tried to establish the origin of a copper object in my collection. It is a single side strike; the diameter is 25 millimeter and the weight is 6.41 grams. It shows a lion walking left and the inscription “Upsala Stad Anno 1699 D.F”. The origin of the object has not been possible to establish based on the available literature, further research will be needed to find out the purpose and use. The object is very interesting as such due to the fact that “lion walking left “ is part of the city coat of arm of Uppsala and the connection “left walking lion and Uppsala” is not documented until 50 years later. In the inscription you can also see D.F, the hypothesis is that it stands for Daniel Fehrman, Daniel Fehrman was a famous coin and medal engraver during the 18th century (1710-1780)

 

Index:

Olsson Strömstedt, Niklas

Title:

Myntverk på Gotland under tidig medeltid, 1140-1288 / Niklas Olsson Strömstedt

Published:

[Stockholm] : Stockholms Universitet, 2003

 

Index:

Opinber

Title:

Opinber gjaldmiðill á Íslandi : útgáfa og auðkenni íslenskra seðla og myntar = The currency of Iceland : issues and features of Icelandic notes and coins

Edition:

2. útg.

Series:

Myntrit ; 3

Published:

Reykjavík : Myntsafn Sedlabanka og Thjódminjasafns, 2002

 

Index:

Palm, Ann-Christine

Title:

Danska medeltida Lundamynt, 1146-1241 / Ann-Christine Palm

Published:

[Stockholm] : Stockholms Universitet, 2002

 

Index:

Parsons, Harry Alexander 1890-1953

Title:

The earliest coins of Norway / by H. Alexander Parsons

Series:

Numismatic notes and monographs ; no. 29

Published:

New York : American Numismatic Society, 1926

 

Index:

Pettersson, Dennis

Title:

Något om Gustav Erikssons tidiga mynt och deras raritetsgrader / Dennis Pettersson

Source:

Samlad glädje 2009 : Numismatiska Klubben Uppsala 1969-2009 / [red.: Curt Ekström, Kjell Holmberg och Magnus Wijk]. - Uppsala : Numismatiska Kubben, cop. 2009. - P. 175-180

Abstract:

This article summarizes the early coinage in the reign of Gustav Vasa (1521-1560). An attempt is made to precise and intersect period I in T. G. Appelgrens extensive work on the Vasa coinage from the early 1900´s. The different coin types rarity is described from a collectors point of view. Some chronological problems are also discussed. The coin types are illustrated and grouped together by denomination.

 

Index:

Rasmusson, Nils Ludvig 1904-1973

Title:

Birgittapenningar / av Nils Ludvig Rasmusson

Source:

Fornvännen (1942) p. 399-408

 

Index:

Rasmusson, Nils Ludvig 1904-1973

Title:

`Inte en vitten´ : ur ett myntnamns historia / av Nils Ludvig Rasmusson

Source:

Fornvännen (1947) p. 65-73

 

Index:

Rasmusson, Nils Ludvig 1904-1973

Title:

Nordens tidigaste import av engelska mynt / [N.L. Rasmusson]

Source:

Fornvännen (1934) p. 366-372

 

Index:

Rasmusson, Nils Ludvig 1904-1973

Title:

Ryska mynt i Sverige och svenska mynt i Ryssland under 1600-talet / av Nils Ludvig Rasmusson

Source:

Fornvännen (1940) p. 217-221

 

Index:

Rasmusson, Nils Ludvig 1904-1973

Title:

Studier i norsk mynthistoria under tiden : c:a 1270-1513. [I] / av Nils Ludvig Rasmusson

Source:

Fornvännen (1943) p. 174-181

 

Index:

Rasmusson, Nils Ludvig 1904-1973

Title:

Studier i norsk mynthistoria under tiden : c:a. 1270-1513. [II-III] / av Nils Ludvig Rasmusson

Source:

Fornvännen (1943) p. 267-287

 

Index:

Rispling, Gert

Title:

Coins with crosses and bird heads : Christian imitations of Islamic coins? / by Gert Rispling

Source:

Fornvännen 82 (1987) p. 75-87

 

Index:

Risvaag, Jon Anders

Title:

Ikke-kongelig utmynting i Norge frem til reformasjonen / Jon Anders Risvaag

Source:

Nordisk Numismatisk Årsskrift (1994-1996) p. 130-161

 

Index:

Risvaag, Jon Anders

Title:

Mynt og by : myntens rolle i Trondheim by i perioden ca. 1000-1630, belyst gjennom myntfunn og utmynting / Jon Anders Risvaag

Published:

Trondheim : NTNU, Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet, [2006]

 

Index:

Risvaag, Jon Anders

Title:

To middelaldermynter fra Statens hus tomt i Trondheim / av Jon Anders Risvaag

Source:

Nordisk Numismatisk Unions Medlemsblad (2000) 1 (Februar) p. 6-9

 

Index:

Risvaag, Jon Anders

Title:

Mints in Scandinavia : the case of Trondheim / Jon Anders Risvaag

Source:

I luoghi della moneta : le sedi delle zecche dall'antichità all'età moderna : atti del Convegno internazionale, 22-23 ottobre 1999, Milano. - Milano : Comune di Milano 2001. – P. 131-140

 

Index:

Risvaag, Jon Anders

Title:

Var Oslo Myntsted under kong Hans? / av Jon Anders Risvaag

Source:

Nordisk Numismatisk Unions Medlemsblad (2000) 3 (August) p. 97-102

 

Index:

Ros, Jonas

Title:

Sigtuna och folklanden : den tidiga Sigtunamyntningen och den politiska geografin / av Jonas Ros

Source:

Fornvännen 97 (2002) p. 161-176

Abstract:

The first Swedish coins were issued c. gg5 by Olof Skötkonung in the town of Sigtuna. Results from an archaeological excavalion where Olofs mint was found are reported. The use of the early coins is discussed. They may have been used for payment, trade, taxes, rents and fmes. During the Middle Ages lhe district of Uppland was divided into three folk-lands named Tiundaland, Attundaland and Fjädrundaland. Il is suggested that the three lands also had names after three central places: Uppsala, Birka (Björkö) and Sigtuna. When the town of Sigtuna was founded the three lands may have become one district, possibly called Sigtuna. On his earliest coins Olof has the tille Rex Situne. When Olof died in c. AD 1022, his son Anund Jacob continued lo issue coins. Coin production ended in AD 1030/35. It is suggested that the Svear may have elected Emund Olofsson as their king at that time.

 

Index:

Ruhne, Sofia

Title:

Bilden som budskap : myntningen i Sverige 1568–1611 / Sofia Ruhne

Published:

[Stockholm] : Stockholms Universitet, Historiska Institutionen, 2004

 

Index:

Rundberg, Jonas

Title:

Hertig Johans av Östergötland myntning, 1612-1618 / av: Jonas Rundberg

Published:

[Stockholm] : Arkeologiska Institutionen, Stockholms Universitet, 2001

 

Index:

Rundberg, Jonas

Title:

Otto-Adelheid-Pfennige : ett försök till revidering av en omdebatterad tysk myntgrupp fran vikingatiden / av: Jonas Rundberg

Published:

[Stockholm] : Arkeologiska Institutionen, Stockholms Universitet, 2000

 

Index:

Rydbeck, Otto

Title:

Medeltida kontrollmärken av bly / av Otto Rydbeck

Source:

Fornvännen (1928) p. 15-176

 

Index:

Schwabacher, Willy 1897-1972

Title:

Antik barbarmyntning belyst av svenskt material / av Willy Schwabacher

Source:

Fornvännen (1952) p. 263-275

 

Index:

Schwabacher, Willy 1897-1972

Title:

Två Lysimachos-‘medaljonger’ av guld i Kungl. Myntkabinettet, Stockholm / av W. Schwabacher

Source:

Fornvännen (1944) p. 292-299

 

Index:        

Selling, Dagmar

Title:

En nyfunnen 'alsengem' / [Dagmar Selling]

Source:

Fornvännen (1948) p. 166-168

 

Index:

Siik, Katja

Title:

Handelsvägar och pilgrimsfärder : Norska medeltidsmynt funna inom Sveriges nuvarande gränser / av Katja Siik

Published:

[Stockholm] : Stockholms Universitet, 2000

 

Index:

Simensen, Christian J.

Title:

Le roi Håkon V Magnusson et le financement de la construction de la forteresse d'Akershus à Oslo / Christian J. Simensen

Source:

Revue Numismatique 152 (1997) p. 211-221

 

Index:

Sjöberg, Rolf

Title:

Rex Upsalie och vicarius : Erik den helige och hans ställföreträdare : något om Erikskulten och de äkta Folkungarnas uppror på 1200-talet / av Rolf Sjöberg

Source:

Fornvännen (1986) p. 1-13

 

Index:

Sømod, Jørgen

Title:

Dänische und norddeutsche Goldabschläge von Angfang des 18. Jahrhunderts in neuer Beleuchtung / Jørgen Sømod

Source:

XIII Congreso Internacional de Numismática, Madrid, 2003 : actas = proceedings = actes. II / ed. por Carmen Alfaro, Carmen Marcos y Paloma Otero. - Madrid : Ministerio de Cultura, Subdirección General de Publicaciones, Información y Documentación, 2005. - P. 1519-1524

 

Index:

Steen Jensen, Jørgen 1938-

Title:

Mønterne fra Ostindiefareren 'Wendela' forlist ved Shetlandøerne 1737 / af Jørgen Steen Jensen

Source:

Nordisk Numismatisk Årsskrift (1973-1974)

 

Index:

Steen Jensen, Jørgen 1938-

Title:

Sønderjyllands mønthistorie til 1864 / af Jørgen Steen Jensen

Source:

Sønderjydske Årbøger (2002) p. 7-60

 

Index:

Talvio, Tuukka 1948-

Title:

Imitations de la monnaie byzantine en Finlande / Tuukka Talvio

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 36 (1994) p. 146-154

 

Index:

Thordeman, Bengt Johan Neren 1893-1990

Title:

Myntfynden i Korsbetningens massgravar / av Bengt Thordeman

Source:

Fornvännen (1932) p. 24-87

 

Index:

Ulseth, Pål

Title:

Late Medieval bone-ash cupels from the archbishop`s mint in Trondheim / by Pål Ulseth ... [et al.]

Source:

Fornvännen 110 (2015) 4 p. 267-279

Abstract:

During the excavations of three successive mints in the Archbishop’s Palace in Trondheim, Norway (in 1991-95), 174 possibly locally made bone-ash cupels and fragments from AD 1500-1537 were unearthed. Four used cupels have been cut in half in order to study their inner microstructure. Analyses show that the cupels have been made from pure bone-ash from animals as described in the 16th century literature. The cupels fit into five groups according to size; the small ones are likely to have been for assaying metal with a high concentration of silver and the larger ones for alloys with a low silver content. During cupellation lead oxide fills the cupels from the top. The bottom of the cupels may not be impregnated with lead oxide. This causes most of the excavated cupels to have a ball-shaped bottom. Impurities in the assayed material, like copper, were also found as copper rich precipitates inside the bone-ash particles. The bowl-shaped tops of the cupels have a fine-grained surface layer.

 

Index:

Vellev, Jens 1945-

Title:

Marsk Stigs ø : om Hjelms borge og falskmønteri : fund og undersøgelser 1854-1999 / Jens Vellev

Source

Menneskelivets mangfoldighed : arkæologisk og antropologisk forskning på Moesgård / redaktion: Ole Høiris ... [et al.]. - Århus : Moesgård Museum : 1999. – P. 245-256