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11. Zeeland

Index:

Beuth, Lodewijk Simon 1900-1980

Title:

Geschiedenis van en geheimschrift op de Zeeuwse zilveren dukaten van 1659-1798 / door Lod. S. Beuth

Source:

Jaarboek voor Munt- en Penningkunde 42 (1955) p. 41-70, pl. 3-4

Abstract:

On July the 9th 1659 a new coin was instituted: the silver ducat. Its type was taken from the gold ducat, its value fixed at 50 stiver. It was withdrawn in 1847. By far the largest part of the silver ducats, handed in between 1842 and 1849, were Zeeland coins which were - wrongly - supposed to be of higher alloy. About 19 million pieces must have been struck between 1695 and 1798, the date of the last emission just before the closing-down of the Zeeland mint in 1799. For the present study, the Zeeland silver ducats in 18 public and about 50 private collections have been examined and registered. In this way, the relative rarities could be estimated and the various types and variations distinguished. As in those days practically each new die caused a more or less slight variation, the latter are mostly limited to intentional alterations.

The types are the following:

1. 1659-1668 hammered

2. 1672-1680 milled

3. 1694-1721 hammered, coarse workmanship

4. 1727-1750 milled

5. 1757-1798 milled and edged.

Another division is added, based on the characteristics of the successive mintmasters and die-cutters and the quality of their work. Special attention is given to the mintmaster Martinus Holtzhey (1752-1764) and his son. A symbolical significance is detected in the occurrence of single or double loops in the ornament and an allusion to their family life which is partly confirmed by data from the archives.

 

Index:

Beuth, Lodewijk Simon 1900-1980

Title:

De halve, kwart en achtste Zeeuwsche zilveren dukaat / door Lod. S. Beuth

Source:

Jaarboek voor Munt- en Penningkunde 45 (1958) p. 144-150, pl. 17

Summary:

Subdivisions of the Zeeland silver ducat are rare nowadays. Still it can be stated that several characteristics relating to the personal life of the Holtzhey family are lacking. Thus, there seems to be no question of a consistent system for the entire coinage.

 

Index:

Broekema, J.

Title:

Geschiedenis der Zeeuwsche Munt : van hare oprichting tot de uitvaardiging van de generale ordonnantie van het jaar 1606, waaraan o.a. is toegevoegd eene chronologische lijst van de van 1580 tot 1798 in Zeeland geslagen munten / door J. Broekema

Source:

Archief : vroegere en latere mededelingen voornamelijk in betrekkingtot Zeeland / uitg. door het Zeeuwsch Genootschap der Wetenschappen. – Dl. 5. 1e st. - Middelburg : Altorffer, 1881. - P. 332-407

 

Index:

Gelder, Hendrik Enno van 1916-1998

Title:

Stempels van Zeeuwse zilveren dukaten / [H.E.v.G.]

Source:

Jaarboek voor Munt- en Penningkunde 56-57 (1968-1969) p. 124-130

 

Index:

Man, Marie Goverdina Antonia de 1855-1944

Title:

Le cimetière de Mariekerke / [Marie de Man]

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 41 (1885) p. 349-368

 

Index:

Man, Marie Goverdina Antonia de 1855-1944

Title:

Les dütes zélandaises à la légende Luctor et Ementor / [Marie de Man]

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 56 (1900) p. 303-314, pl. 7

 

Index:

Man, Marie Goverdina Antonia de 1855-1944

Title:

De grafelijke Munt van Zeeland en de balansmeesters die er voor hebben gewerkt / [M.G.A. de Man]

Source:

Jaarboek voor Munt- en Penningkunde 9 (1922) p. 41-69

 

Index:

Man, Marie Goverdina Antonia de 1855-1944

Title:

Mélanges de numismatique zélandaise / [Marie de Man]

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 46 (1890) p. 194-211, pl. 4

 

Index:

Man, Marie Goverdina Antonia de 1855-1944

Title:

Over de noodmunten van Zierikzee, geslagen van 1574-1576 en over de inwisseling dezer stukken door de Staten van Zeeland in 1595 / [M. de Man]

Source:

Tijdschrift voor Munt- en Penningkunde 18 (1910) p. 73-107, 153-190, pls. 4-6

 

Index:         

Man, Marie Goverdina Antonia de 1855-1944

Title:

Plagerijen der Staten van Holland en West-Friesland in muntzaken naar aanleiding van den Zeeuwschen vijfschellincxpenninck / [Marie de Man]

Source:

Tijdschrift voor Munt- en Penningkunde 6 (1898) p. 169-197

 

Index:         

Man, Marie Goverdina Antonia de 1855-1944

Title:

Quatre boîtes de dénéraux d'ajusteurs middelbourgeois / [Marie-G.-A. de Man]

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 80 (1928) p. 47-58

 

Index:         

Meer, Gay van der 1924-

Title:

Martinus Holtzhey jr. en de Zeeuwse duiten van 1754 / door G. van der Meer

Source:

Jaarboek voor Munt- en Penningkunde 48 (1961) p. 78-85, pl. 9

Abstract:

Marlinus Holtzhey Jr. and the Zealand Doits of 1754. Apart from doits with the official obv. legend LUCTOR E T BMERGO there exist doits with the date of 1754 with the legend LUCTOR E T EMENTOR (I struggle and expire). Contemporary documentary sources are all silent on this subject, but there, has been a long-standing tradition to the effect that Martinus Holtzhey Jr., the son of the then mint-master of Zealand, should have been to blame for what seems to be a joke in very bad taste. It has always been assumed that he cut the dies for all the coins struck in the mint at Middelburg from 1752—1754 and that he was suddenly dismissed by the States of Zealand in 1754 as a punishment for cutting the EMEiNTOR-doits. From a comparison of a number of dies used for striking doits in the period 1752—58 it appears that as a matter of fact punches from the mint at Middelburg were used in making the dies for the EMENTOR-doits, but on the basis of entries in public records it is proved that Holtzhey Jr. only had a pro-forma appointment as die-cutter and that his dismissal in 1754 was in no way ignominious. It still remains a mystery who was the culprit in this affair and what intrigues were behind it.

 

Index:

Pannekeet, C.G.J.

Title:

Potjeslatijn op de Zeeuwse duit van 1754? / Kees Pannekeet

Source:

De Beeldenaar 33 (2009) 1 p. 57-60

 

Index:

Van Peteghem, Charles-Louis 1827-1891

Title:

Gui de Flandre, comte de Zélande, et sa monnaie de Middelbourg / [C. Van Peteghem]

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 37 (1881) p. 260-270