02. Subjects‎ > ‎10. Coins - France‎ > ‎

10. Normandy, Brittanny, Pays de la Loire

Index:

Bigot, Alexis 1826-1860

Title:

Essai sur les monnaies du royaume et duché de Bretagne / par Alexis Bigot

Published:

Paris : Rollin, 1857

 

Index:

Coativy, Yves

Title:

Le conseil ducal breton et la monnaie au bas Moyen Âge / Yves Coativy

Source:

Revue Numismatique 164 (2008) p. 145-150

Abstract:

In Britanny in the Later Middle Ages, the duke's council played an essential role in decisions on monetary matters. The duke, his entourage, his counsillors and a few experts from the urban milieu (moneyers or merchants) decided upon issues, rates, types and also upon solutions to take when facing an unknown situation or to punish a counterfeiter. In spite of a lacunary documentation, this topic can be outlined more precisely, thanks to the chancery acts and to the only surviving register of the council dating to the 1450s.

 

Index:

Crinon, Pierre

Title:

Les 2 sols à la balance frappés à Rouen en 1793 (an II), à propos d'exemplaires à la tranche inscrite / Crinon (P.)

Source:

Bulletin de la Société Française de Numismatique 50 (1995) 6 (juin) p. 1108-1112

 

Index:

Dhénin, Michel 1946-

Title:

Florin et double-florin de Bretagne / Michel Dhénin

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 15 (1973) p. 190-215

 

Index:

Deschamps de Pas, Louis 1816-1890

Title:

Essai historique sur les monnaies des comtes de Ponthieu : suivi de Quelques mots sur les méreaux de la Collégiale de St.-Vulfran d'Abbeville / par L. Deschamps de Pas, ...

Published:

Amiens : Impr. de Duval et Herment, 1854

Note:

Offprint from: Mémoires de la Société des Antiquaires de Picardie 13 (1854)

 

Index:

Dumas-Dubourg, Françoise

Title:

Les monnaies normandes (Xe-XIIe siècles) : avec un répertoire des trouvailles / Françoise Dumas

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 21 (1979) p. 84-140, pl. 15-21

 

Index:

Hucher, Eugène Frédéric Ferdinand 1814-1889

Title:

Essai sur les monnaies frappées dans le Maine / par E. Hucher, ...

Published:

Le Mans : Impr.-libr. de Gallienne, 1845

 

Index:

Jambu, Jérôme

Title:

Une histoire de la Monnaie de Caen à l'époque moderne (1693-1772) / Jérôme Jambu

Source:

Revue Numismatique 166 (2010) p. 509-536

Abstract:

The Mint of Caen was opened in 1693, right in the middle of currency changes aiming at financing Louis XIV’s warlike policy, and was closed almost as century later, in 1772 as the monarchy was trying to save money by limiting its running costs. It succeeded in Lower Normandy to the Mint of Saint-Lô, closed in the middle of the XVIIth century. The story of this currency workshop could be seen as one of a small workshop in province, the importance of which is limited. Indeed, it was not a Mint which could have been compared to one in Paris, not even to one in Rouen but its presence was refleching of the State’s policies and major in the landscape of the Ancien Regime’s institutions in province. Both its running and its activity rythm reflects the royal policy as well as the French’s customs and mentalities during the Ancien Regime.

 

Index:

Jambu, Jérôme

Title:

La Monnaie de Saint-Lô et la circulation des espèces en Basse Normandie à la fin du Moyen âge (2nde moitié du xve siècle) / Jérôme Jambu

Source:

Revue Numismatique 170 (2013) p. 411-472

Abstract:

During the second half of the fifteenth century Normandy was recovering from the damages of the Hundred Year Wars, before experiencing the ‘fine sixteenth century’ (Le Roy Ladurie). The Mint of Saint Lô, which opened in the western part soon to be known as ‘Lower Normandy’, was managed by one family, the Basire. It regularly struck most of the gold and copper coins (albeit of varying quality) specified by the authorities, notwithstanding the vagaries of royal financial policy of and practical difficulties such as the recurrent absence of engravers. In this ‘phase of gold’ that preceded the ‘great flood of white metal’ (Spooner), the royal coinage was insufficient for the local needs of a region whose demography and finances were fast recovering. Because of this shortage many foreign coins were circulating, often at a higher valuation than their nominal value, while the many money changers active in the area did not succeed into eliminating all vile or forged coins and prohibited specie.

 

Index:

Jambu, Jérôme

Title:

Les monnaies royales du médaillier de Bayeux / Jérôme Jambu

Source:

La numismatique en Normandie : actes du colloque de Bayeux, 17 avril 2010, Médiathèque municipale / présidé par Jérome Jambu ; textes publ. par Dominique Hollard. - Paris : SÉNA, 2011. - (Recherches et travaux de la Société d'études numismatiques et archéologiques ; n° 4). - P. 113-131, pl. 13-16

 

Index:

Joubert, André

Title:

Les monnaies anglo-françaises frappées au Mans au nom de Henri VI (1425-1432) / par André Joubert

Published:

Mamers : G. Fleury et A. Dangin, 1886

 

Index:

Ménard, Olivier

Title:

De la répression de la fausse monnaie en Bretagne au XVIIIe siècle / Olivier Ménard

Source:

Revue Numismatique 160 (2004) p. 321-342

Abstract:

If during a long time Brittany knew particularisms concerning the repression of the crimes of counterfeit money by the practice of « boiled then hung », in the 1 8th century, the old Breton specificity is not any more a reality in a unified kingdom. However, in spite of the plurality of the courts of jurisdiction and the attack with the principle of the fixed sentence, the severity of the sentences remains of rigour, even if the death penalty is not systematic any more.

 

Index:

Moesgaard, Jens Christian

Title:

La circulation des monnaies noires en Haute-Normandie, 1337-1577 / Jens Christian Moesgaard

Source:

Revue Numismatiqe 165 (2009) p. 221-305

Abstract:

Based on 298 single finds from 89 find spots and 20 small hoards comprising petty coins this article describes the use of small change in Upper Normandy. The circulation got more intense during the inflation periods 1351-1360 and 1417-1421. After 1421, the niquet (double tournois) played an unusual double role of small change and a mean of saving. Royal coins were dominant throughout, except during the inflation 1351-1360 (Breton imitations) and the decades after the French recovery of Normandy 1449 (Dutch imitations). These imitations were sub-standard and were accepted as token coins. Coins occur on all kinds of sites showing a fully monetizised society.

 

Index:

Moesgaard, Jens Christian

Title:

Les émissions monétaires de Charles dit le Mauvais à Évreux (1356-1361) / Jens Christian Moesgaard

Source:

Revue Numismatique 154 (1999) p. 231-265

Abstract:

The main period of activity of the mint of Evreux is 1359-1360. All royal types of this period were imitated. The imitations are very close to the prototypes; the name and the title of Charles were voluntarily blundered in order to make them look like the prototypes. The issue marks were reproduced, showing that Charles' moneyers got direct information from the royal mints. No production accounts have survived. Hoard evidence shows that the production was reduced. Charles' coins circulated all over the Kingdom.