12. Bracteates

Index:

Åberg, Nils

Title:

Brakteater från folkvandringstid / Nils Åberg

Source:

Fornvännen (1940) p. 103-112

 

Index:

Axboe, Morten

Title:

Die Chronologie der Goldbrakteaten : regional und überregional / Morten Axboe

Source:

Völker an Nord- und Ostsee und die Franken : Akten des 48. Sachsensymposiums in Mannheim vom 7. bis 11. September 1997 / hrsg. von Uta von Freeden, Ursula Koch und Alfried Wieczorek. - Bonn : Habelt, 1999. - (Kolloquien zur Vor- und Frühgeschichte ; 3). - P. 61-73

 

Index:

Axboe, Morten

Title:

The chronology of the Scandinavian gold bracteates / Morten Axboe

Source:

The pace of change : studies in early-medieval chronology / ed. by John Hines, Karen Høilund Nielsen, and Frank Siegmund. - Oxford : Oxbow, 1999. - P. 126-147

 

Index:

Axboe, Morten

Title:

DN ODINN P F AUC ? : Germanic 'Imperial portraits' on Scandinavian gold bracteates / Morten Axboe and Anne Kromann

Source:

Ancient portraiture : image and message / ed. by Tobias Fischer-Hansen ... [et al.]. - [Copenhagen] : Museum Tusculanum Press, cop. 1992. - (Acta hyperborea ; 4). - P. 271-305

 

Index:

Axboe, Morten

Title:

Fundet på Myntkabinettet : en hidtil ukendt D-brakteat / af Morten Axboe

Source:

Fornvännen 90 (1995) p. 209-211

 

Index:

Axboe, Morten

Title:

En guldbrakteat från myntsamlingen på Ericsbergs slott / av Morten Axboe och Lars O. Lagerqvist

Source:

Fornvännen 105 (2010) p. 96-103

Abstract:

The coin collection from the estate of Ericsberg, which is currently being sold by auction, was founded by D.G.H. Hildebrand (1761–1808) and maintained by his successors, the barons Bonde, up to 1937. It is unknown when the Migration Period gold bracteate in the collection was acquired, as also when and where it was found. A larger bracteate from the same die is known from Lyngby in east Jutland. Furthermore its loop, being shaped as a straight tube with punched ornament, may point to an origin in southern or central Jutland. The same, rather infrequent type of loop can be seen on a bracteate of unknown provenance which was sold by auction in 2000.

 

Index:

Axboe, Morten

Title:

Die Goldbrakteaten der Völkerwanderungszeit. 1.2: Ikonographischer Katalog (IK 1, Text) / von Morten Axboe ... [et al.]

Published:

München : Fink, cop. 1985

 

Index:

Axboe, Morten

Title:

Die Goldbrakteaten der Völkerwanderungszeit. 2.1: Ikonographischer Katalog (IK 2, Text) / von Morten Axboe ... [et al.]

Published:

München : Fink, cop. 1986

 

Index:

Axboe, Morten

Title:

Die Goldbrakteaten der Völkerwanderungszeit. 3.1: Ikonographischer Katalog (IK 3, Text) / von Morten Axboe ... [et al.]

Published:

München : Fink, cop. 1989

 

Index:

Axboe, Morten

Title:

Guldbrakteater fra Trollhättan : 1844 og 2009 / af Morten Axboe og Magnus Källström

Source:

Fornvännen 108 (2013) p. 153-171

Abstract:

Four gold bracteates are known from the vicinity of Trollhättan in south-west Sweden. Two were found 1844, one depicting Týr and Fenrir, the other possibly Odin performing an incantation, as indicated by its runic inscription. Two further bracteates were found 2009, both of type C with a human head over a quadruped. One of the new bracteates carries a runic inscription with a meaningful text in Proto-Norse: “I the eril am called MariþeubaR, I wrote alaþo”. The last word is not given any definite interpretation here. All four bracteates are innovative designs. Along with other gold and silver finds from the area they bear witness to an economically, religiously and intellectually rich milieu.

 

Index:

Axboe, Morten

Title:

Guld og guder i folkevandringstiden : brakteaterne some kilde til politisk/religøse forhold / Morten Axboe

Source:

Samfundsorganisation og regional variation : Norden i romersk jernalder og folkevandringstid : beretning fra 1. nordiske jernaldersymposium på Sandbjerg Slot 11-15 april 1989 / red.: Charlotte Fabech og Jytte Ringtved. - Århus : I Kommission hos Aarhus Universitetsforlag, 1991. - P. 198-202, 337-352

 

Index:

Axboe, Morten

Title:

Om forholdet mellem medaillon-efterligninger og brakteater, eller : Hvad var der i Gudmes guldrum? / af Morten Axboe

Source:

Vi får tacka Lamm / [redaktionskommitte é: Bente Magnus ... et al.]. - Stockholm : Statens Historiska Museum, 2001. - (Studies / The Museum of National Antiquities, Stockholm ; 10). - P. 39-46

 

Index:

Axboe, Morten

Title:

En runebrakteat fra Uppåkra / Morten Axboe og Marie Stoklund

Source:

Fler fynd i centrum : materialstudier i och kring Uppåkra / red. Birgitta Hårdh. - Stockholm : Almqvist & Wiksell International, cop. 2003. - (Uppåkrastudier ; 9)

 

Index:

Axboe, Morten

Title:

'Syv kobberstukne Tavler...' : C.J. Thomsen og guldbrakteaterne : Nationalmuseets første forskningsprojekt = 'Seven copper-engraved Plates...' : C.J. Thomsen and the gold bracteates : The National Museum´s first research project / Morten Axboe

Source:

Aarbøger for Nordisk Oldkyndighed og Historie (2006) p. 53-93

 

Index:

Bolin, Anders Sture Ragnar 1900-1962

Title:

Till guldbrakteaternas kronologi / [Sture Bolin]

Source:

Scandia 1 (1928) 1 p. 180-186

 

Index:

Bursche, Aleksander 1956-

Title:

Germanic gold bracteates from the hoard in Zagórzyn near Kalisz / Aleksander Bursche

Source:

Byzantine coins in Central Europe between the 5th and 10th century / ed. by Marcin Wołoszyn. - Kraków : Polska Akademia Umiejętności, 2009. - P. 133-153

Abstract:

Two Germanic gold bracteates type B and C, previously provenanced dubiously to an area on the Beresina in Russia(?), actually may be traced to one of the greatest hoards from the Migration Period discovered in late 1920s at Zagórzyn near Kalisz, central Poland. The hoard contained gold and silver ornaments and dress fittings, including an animal style buckle, at least six gold medallions, two of them barbarian imitations, some 3000 denarii from the 1st and 2nd c., and 4th c. solidi. Some of these pieces eventually entered no less than seven museums around the world, the rest went missing. The author traced the bracteates to the Zagórzyn hoard using the first references on the deposit (published and archival), in particular, a letter of M. Gumowski addressed to the Royal Museum in Copenhagen. The hoard from Zagórzyn is extremely important as the only assemblage containing original medallions next to their barbarian imitations and gold bracteates  apparently, a family heirloom, accumulated over several generations by Germanic power elite who maintained ties across Europe ranging from Scandinavia to the Lower Danube.

 

Index:

Bursche, Aleksander 1956-

Title:

Two Scandinavian bracteates from the Württembergisches Landesmuseum Stuttgart / Aleksander Bursche

Source:

Magister monetae : studies in honour of Jørgen Steen Jensen / ed. by Michael Andersen, Helle W. Horsnæs & Jens Christian Moesgaard. - Copenhagen : National Museum, National Museum, Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, 2007. - (Studies in archaeology and history ; vol. 13). - P. 53-73

 

Index:

Gaimster, Märit

Title:

Scandinavian gold bracteates in Britain : money and media in the Dark Ages / by Märit Gaimster

Source:

Medieval Archaeology 36 (1992) p. 1-28

 

Index:

Geiger, Hans-Ulrich 1937-

Title:

Zum Münzschatz von Steckborn : Paradigma numismatischer Arbeit und ihrer Stellung im Museum / von Hans-Ulrich Geiger

Source:

Zeitschrift für schweizerische Archäologie und Kunstgeschichte 38 (1981) 4 p. 460-465

 

Index:

Hauck, Karl 1916-2007

Title:

Goldbrakteaten aus Sievern : spätantike Amulett-Bilder der 'Dania Saxonica' und die Sachsen-'Origo' bei Widukind von Corvey / Karl Hauck ; mit Beitr. von K. Düwel, H. Tiefenbach und H. Vierck

Published:

München : Fink, 1970

 

Index:

Hauck, Karl 1916-2007

Title:

Die Goldbrakteaten der Völkerwanderungszeit. 1.1: Einleitung / von Karl Hauck ; mit Beitr. von Morten Axboe ... [et al.]

Published:

München : Fink, cop. 1985

 

Index:          

Hauck, Karl 1916-2007

Title:

Die Goldbrakteaten der Völkerwanderungszeit. 1.3: Ikonographischer Katalog (IK 1, Tafeln) / hrsg. von Karl Hauck ; in Verbindung mit Herbert Lange und Lutz von Padberg

Published:

München : Fink, cop. 1985

 

Index:          

Hauck, Karl 1916-2007

Title:

Die Goldbrakteaten der Völkerwanderungszeit. 2.2: Ikonographischer Katalog (IK 2, Tafeln) / hrsg. von Karl Hauck ; in Verbindung mit Herbert Lange und Lutz von Padberg

Published:

München : Fink, cop. 1986

 

Index:          

Hauck, Karl 1916-2007

Title:

Die Goldbrakteaten der Völkerwanderungszeit. 3.2: Ikonographischer Katalog (IK 3, Tafeln) / hrsg. von Karl Hauck ; in Verbindung mit Herbert Lange und Lutz von Padberg

Published:

München : Fink, cop. 1989

 

Index:          

Hauck, Karl 1916-2007

Title:

Neues aus Uppåkra bei Lund, Südschweden : zur Ikonographie der Goldbrakteaten, LXIV / Karl Hauck

Source::

Central places in the migration and Merovingian periods : papers from the 52nd Sachsensymposium Lund, August 2001 / ed. by Birgitta Hårdh and Lars Larsson. - Stockholm : Almqvist & Wiksell, 2002. - P. 79-95

Abstract:

Der Beitrag skizziert, daß die Bildchiffren und Runen der Goldbrakteaten deutbar sind. Götterbeinamen sowohl bei Götteranrufungen sowie auch beim Götterpreis (Beck) kennzeichnen einen epochalen geistigen Aufbruch offensichtlich in Konkurrenz mit dem Christentum in Europas Süden. Die Hauptnamen der Götter waren dagegen ein Tabu. Den Wettbewerb der Religionen veranschaulichen ferner die Neufunde von paarweisen, polytheistischen Imitationen oder Importe wertvoller Gefäße aus Glas oder Edelmetall zur liturgischen Verwendung im Kult. Überaus seltene Holzfunde solcher polytheistischen Geräte aus Kent und aus den Niederlanden, schon fast nach der Völkerwanderungszeit, vergegenwärtigen ebenfalls eines der konkurrierenden Elemente mit dem Christentum und seiner Liturgie.

 

Index:

Lindqvist, Sune

Title:

Geretebrakteaten och dess likar / av Sune Lindqvist

Source:

Fornvännen (1927) p. 217-233

 

Index:

Lindstedt, Janett

Title:

Sverige eller Norge ? : en studie av en brakteatgrupp från 1300-talets mitt. / Janett Lindstedt

Published:

[Stockholm] : Stockholms universitet, 1996

 

Index:

Myrberg, Nanouschka 1969-

Title:

Brakteater från Magnus Ladulås' tid, 1275-1290 : en korologisk studie av lösfynden / Nanouschka Myrberg

Published:

[Stockholm] : Institutionen för arkeologi, Stockholms universitet, 1995

 

Index:

Nicolay, Johan Auke Willem 1974-

Title:

Nieuwe bewoners van het terpengebied en hun rol bij de opkomst van Fries koningschap : de betekenis van gouden bracteaten en bracteaatachtige hangers uit Friesland (vijfde-zevende eeuw na Chr.) / Johan Nicolay

Source:

De Vrije Fries 85 (2005) p. 37-103

 

Index:

Padberg, Lutz von 1950-

Title:

Ein beidseitig gepresster Goldbrakteat aus Holmetorp, Öland / von Lutz von Padberg

Source:

Fornvännen 75 (1980) p. 81-90

 

Index:

Padberg, Lutz von 1950-

Title:

Kring den stulna guldbrakteaten från Ed i Svanskogs socken och andra i Värmland funna brakteaten / av Lutz von Padberg

Source:

Fornvännen 79 (1984) p. 247-249

 

Index:

Pesch, Alexandra 1965-

Title:

Gold bracteates and female burials : material culture as a medium of elite communication in the Migration Period / Alexandra Pesch

Published:

Mainz : Verlag des Römisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseums, 2011

Note:

Offprint from: Weibliche Eliten in der Frühgeschichte = Female elites in protohistoric Europe : internationale Tagung vom 13. bis zum 14. Juni 2008 im RGZM im Rahmen des Forschungsschwerpunktes 'Eliten' / Dieter Quast (Hrsg.). - Mainz : Verlag des Römisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseums, 2011. - P. 377-397

Abstract:

The bracteates of the Migration Period are golden pendants that belong in the female sphere of high-status material culture. Outside Scandinavia, they were mainly found in female burials. The complicated images on these bracteates are an authentic expression of Germanic ideology at a time when writing was almost unknown. Clusters of motifrelated bracteates, produced by a copying process, allow us to reconstruct regions of dynamic exchange that make up a common area of culture, religious beliefs and communication. Regardless of how their regulated iconography may be interpreted today, the bracteates are perhaps the most important evidence of membership in and communication between the elites of the Migration Period in northern Europe. One series of bracteates with closely related images is known today as „female bracteates«. Their motif can be interpreted as a woman with objects of high social status, thus visualising female elites of the migration period.

 

Index:          

Pesch, Alexandra 1965-

Title:

Uppåkra im Licht der Formular-Familien der völkerwanderungszeitlichen Goldbrakteaten / Alexandra Pesch

Source::

Central places in the migration and Merovingian periods : papers from the 52nd Sachsensymposium Lund, August 2001 / ed. by Birgitta Hårdh and Lars Larsson. - Stockholm : Almqvist & Wiksell, 2002. - P. 55-78

Abstract:

Within the higher order of the basic-type conceptions of the A-, B-, C- and D-bracteates, groups of bracteates exist that show great similarities between their single picure images (Formulare). These so called “Formularfamilies” are characterised by the fact that their members vary special iconographic or stylistic details which cannot be caused by the basic type of image concept nor by the picture testimony the manufacturing process or the general conventions of the animal style. So we may be sure that the pieces are dependent on a mutual presentation or the same original pattern. Therefore the Formular-families must been created through copy processes using stil lexisting bracteates, dies (matrices) or other joint patterns. This copy method imply contact and an intense exchange between different bracteate-areas. As a result of this fact, Formular-families are important witnesses to the connections and communications which must have taken place between their sites of find in the migration period. Picture-conceptions from east and west meet in Uppåkra. The bracteate producers of that central place were ideologically and technically in the position to vary the common germanic picture code, to change and further develop it, without completely deserting the joint framework. So the independence of Uppåkras elite is mirrored in the souvereign production of gold bracteates.

 

Index:

Rundqvist, Martin 1972-

Title:

D bracteate designs on the back side of a relief brooch from Hällan, Jättendal parish, Hälsingland / by Martin Rundqvist

Source:

Fornvännen 99 (2004) 5 p. 177-182

 

Index:

Rundqvist, Martin 1972-

Title:

Notes on Axboe's and Malmer's gold bracteate chronologies / [Martin Rundqvist]

Source:

Fornvännen 101 (2006) 5 pp. 348-355

 

Index:

Stenberger, Mårten Karl Herman 1898-1973

Title:

Vikingatidens smyckebrakteater / av Mårten Stenberger

Source:

Fornvännen (1951) 1-2 p. 66-90

 

Index:

Thordeman, Bengt Johan Neren 1893-1990

Title:

Två fynd av Knut Erikssons Västerås-brakteater från Mackmyra / Bengt Thordeman

Source:

Fornvännen (1931) p. 207-218