08. Carolingian

Index:

Ackermann, Rahel C.

Title:

Eine seltene karolingische Münze aus Titterten / [Bericht: Rahel C. Ackermann, Reto Marti]

Source:

Jahresbericht 2014 / Archäologie Baselland (2015). - P. 118-119

 

Index:

Arslan, Ermanno A. 1940-

Title:

Dalla moneta d’oro alle moneta d’argento : Carlo Magno e la moneta Europea / [Ermanno A. Arslan]

Published:

[S.l. : s.n.], 2007

Note:

Offprint from: Carlo Magno e le Alpi : atti del XVIII Congresso internazionale di studio sull'alto Medioevo : Susa, 19-20 ottobre 2006, Novalesa, 21 ottobre 2006. - Spoleto : Fondazione Centro Italiano di Studi sull'alto Medioevo, 2007. – P. 75-104, pl. 1-5

 

Index:

Beliën, Paulus Antonius Maria 1967-

Title:

De Karolingische denarius : een voorloper van de euro? / door Paul Beliën

Source:

Teylers Magazijn 62 (voorjaar 1999) p. 12-13

 

Index:

Benedittis, Gianfranco de

Title:

Trésor de monnaies carolingiennes du VIIIe siècle trouvé à Larino (Italie, Molise) / Gianfranco de Benedittis et Jean Lafaurie

Source:

Revue Numismatique 153 (1998) p. 217-243

Abstract:

Found during the 1992 excavations of the amphitheater of Larino, this hoard contains 20 denars, the value of one Roman ounce. One is a denar of Charlemagne, from Limoges. The other 19 are issues of Louis, King of Aquitaine, from Clermont and the city and cathedral of Bourges. Only 7 coins of Louis were hitherto known. The hoard confirms one of them as authentic. The burial is related to an expedition of Louis against Benevento in 793.

 

Index:

Berghaus, Peter 1919-

Title:

Wirtschaft, Handel und Verkehr der Karolingerzeit im Licht numismatischen Materials / Peter Berghaus

Source:

Der Handel der Karolinger- und Wikingerzeit : Bericht über die Kolloquien der Kommission für die Altertumskunde Mittel- und Nordeuropas in den Jahren 1980 bis 1983 / hrsg. von Klaus Düwel. - Göttingen : Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1987. - P. 69-85

 

Index:

Bilderdijk, Willem 1756-1831

Title:

Verslag van eenige zilveren penningen van den aanvang der 9de eeuw, nabij Assen in Drenthe opgegraven en door den korrespondent Van Lier aan de Tweede Klasse gezonden / [W. Bilderdijk]

Source:

Verhandelingen der Tweede Klasse van het Koninklijk Nederlandsch Instituut van Wetenschappen, Letterkunde en Schoone Kunsten te Amsterdam 1 (1818) p. 104-110

 

Index:

Boeles, Pieter Catharinus Johannes Albertus 1873-1961

Title:

De Karolingische muntvondsten in Friesland / P. C. J. A. Boeles

Source:

De Vrije Fries 24 (1916) p. 159-164

 

Index:

Boeles, Pieter Catharinus Johannes Albertus 1873-1961

Title:

Les trouvailles de monnaies carolingiennes dans les Pays-Bas, spécialement celles des trois provinces septentrionales / par P.C.J.A. Boeles

Published:

Amsterdam : Müller, 1915

Note:

Offprint from: Jaarboek voor Munt- en Penningkunde 2 (1915) p. 1-98, pl. 1-2

 

Index:

Bompois, Hubert Ferdinand 1813-

Title:

Notice sur un dépot de monnaies carlovingiennes découvert en juin 1871 aux environs du Veuillin, Commune d'Apremont, Département du Cher / par Ferdinand Bompois

Published:

Paris : Rollin et Feuardent, 1871

 

Index:

Bordeaux, Paul 1846-1925

Title:

Un trésor de monnaies carolingiennes au Musée de Coire / [P. Bordeaux]

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 63 (1907) p. 5-18

 

Index:

Capobianchi, Vincenzo

Title:

Les ‘caroli’ pondus conservés en Italie / [V. Capobianchi] 

Source:

Mélanges d'Archéologie et d'Histoire 20 (1900) p. 43-77

 

Index:

Cartier, Étienne Jean Baptiste 1780-1859

Title:

Notice sur 25 pièces d'or et d'argent, formant ensemble cinq sous, en monnaie de la première et deuxième race / par Cartier

Source:

Mémoires de la Société Royale des Antiquaires de France. 2e sér. 12 (1836) p. 183-227, pl. 5

 

Index:

Chassaing, Augustin 1830-1892

Title:

Notice sur un denier carlovingien frappé au Puy et portant le nom du roi Raoul / par Aug. Chassaing ...

Source:

Le Puy : Typ. Marchessou, 1868

 

Index:

Cerexhe, Michel

Title:

Les monnaies de Charlemagne / par Michel Cerexhe

Published:

Gand : Leliaert, 1886-1887

 

Index:

Charvet, Jean Baptiste Jules

Title:

Origines du pouvoir temporel des papes precisees par la numismatique / J. Charvet

Published:

Paris : E. Dentu, 1865

 

Index:

Coster, Louis de 1800-1879

Title:

Considérations à propos de quelques deniers inédits de Pépin le Bref et de Charlemagne / [De Coster]

Source:

Revue de la Numismatique Belge 3e sér. 3 (1859) p. 210-238, pl. 7-8

 

Index:

Coster, Louis de 1800-1879

Title:

Nouvelles considérations sur des monnaies restituées à Charlemagne / par L. de Coster

Published:

Bruxelles : Devroye, 1855

Note:

Offprint from: Revue Belge de la Numismatique 2e sér. 5 (1855)

 

Index:

Coster, Louis de 1800-1879

Title:

Restitution de quelques monnaies à Charlemagne / [L. Decoster]

Source:

Revue de la Numismatique Belge 2e sér. 2 (1852) p. 369-403, pl. 13

 

Index:

Coupland, Simon

Title:

Attributing the Melle coins of Charlemagne (768-814) and Charles the Bald (840-877), particularly single finds from the Netherlands / Simon Coupland

Source:

Jaarboek voor Munt- en Penningkunde 102 (2015) p. 61-96

Abstract:

Coins of Melle struck by ‘Charles, King of the Franks’ are very common finds, both deniers and oboles (half-deniers), but it is currently impossible to determine whether an individual coin was minted by Charlemagne or Charles the Bald unless it turns up in a securely dated context. The distribution patterns of these coins in hoards shows that under Charlemagne they travelled large distances and mixed freely with coins from other mints, whereas under Charles the Bald their circulation was much more restricted, with most coins found near Melle. This permits two conclusions: that hoards consisting only of this coinage type are more likely to be later than earlier, whereas the opposite is true for single finds far from Melle, in the Netherlands or Germany. This is particularly true at Wijk bij Duurstede (Carolingian Dorestad) and in the rest of the Netherlands, but at Domburg an unusually large number of later coins suggests that the Melle coins are evenly divided between the two rulers. This corrects the widespread practice of attributing all Melle single finds from the Netherlands to Charles the Bald.

 

Index:

Coupland, Simon

Title:

Boom and bust at 9th-century Dorestad / Simon Coupland

Source:

Dorestad in an international framework : new research on centres of trade and coinage in Carolingian times : proceedings of the first Dorestad congress held at the National Museum of Antiquities Leiden, The Netherlands June 24-27, 2009 / ed. by Annemarieke Willemsen and Hanneke Kik. - Turnhout : Brepols, cop. 2010. –P. 95-103

 

Index:

Coupland, Simon

Title:

Carolingian hoards ; [A hoard of Charles the Bald (840-77) and Pippin II (845-8)] ; Fifteenth century ; [Seventeenth century] / Simon Coupland, Jens Christiaan Moesgaard, Arnaud Clairand

Published:

London : Royal Numismatic Society, 2015

Note:

Offprint from: Numismatic Chronicle 175 (2015) p. 267-290, pl. 36-40

 

Index:

Coupland, Simon

Title:

Carolingian single finds and the economy of the early ninth century / by Simon Coupland

Published:

London : Royal Numismatic Society, 2010

Note:

Offprint from: Numismatic Chronicle 170 (2010) p. 287-319

Abstract:

This paper examines single fi nds of Carolingian coins from eleven sites as a source of information about the Frankish economy in the late eighth and ninth centuries. Although there are local differences there also striking similarities. The study supports Garipzanov’s suggestion that the introduction of Charlemagne’s portrait coinage should be dated to 813, and suggests that Louis the Pious’ second type was introduced in 816, two years earlier than hitherto thought. There is evidence of a remarkable economic boom in the 820s and 830s and it is argued that this was primarily driven by an improvement in relations with Scandinavia, the development of the silver mine at Melle, and expansion of trade with Byzantium and the East through Italy.

 

Index:

Coupland, Simon

Title:

Charlemagne's coinage : ideology and economy / Simon Coupland

Source:

Charlemagne : empire and society / ed. by Joanna Story. - Manchester : Manchester University Press, cop. 2005. – P. 211-229

 

Index:

Coupland, Simon

Title:

A checklist of Carolingian coin hoards 751–987 / by Simon Coupland

Publsihed:

London : Royal Numismatic Society, 2011

Note:

Offprint from: Numismatic Chronicle 171 (2011) p. 203-256, pl. 27-28

Abstract:

An important updated list of all known Carolingian coin hoards from the period 751 to 987. A supplement has just been published in Numismatic Chronicle 2014

 

Index:

Coupland, Simon

Title:

The coinage of Lothar I (840-855) / Simon Coupland

Source:

Numismatic Chronicle 161 (2001) p. 157-198, pl. 35-39

 

Index:

Coupland, Simon

Title:

The coinages of Pippin I and II of Aquitaine / Simon Coupland

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 31 (1989) p. 194-222, pl. 20

Abstract:

Of the coins produced in the name of a King Pippin of Aquitaine in the ninth century, only portrait deniers with the legend Aquitaniorum should be attributed to Pippin I; all others are of Pippin II. The latter can only have minted in Aquitaine between 845 and 848, except at Toulouse, where production perhaps continued from 844 to 849. Stylistic considerations permit the attribution to Bordeaux of Pippin II 's Aquitaniorum deniers, his Aquitania oboles and some Christiana religio issues, which were also struck at Dax and above all at Melle. As for the Aquitanian economy under Pippin II, the numismatic evidence reveals the fragmentation of the kingdom and the weakness of royal power.

 

Index:

Coupland, Simon

Title:

The context of the Szeged-Öthalom find : Carolingian coins in Hungarian graves and comparable coins in other contemporary hoards / Simon Coupland, Luca Gianazza

Source:

Régészeti és természettudományi adatok a Maros-torkolat nyugati oldalának 10. századi történetéhez = Archäologische Daten und naturwissenschaftliche Ergebnisse zur Geschichte des 10. Jahrhunderts des westlichen Ufers der Muresch-Mündung / Türk Attila, Lőrinczy Gábor, Marcsik Antónia. - Budapest : Archaeolingua, 2015. - (Studia ad Archaeologiam Pazmaniensia ; vol. 4). - P. 301-324

Abstract:

The present article will look at the five Carolingian coins found in the Szeged-Öthalom hoard in their numismatic context, namely how they compare with other finds of Frankish coins in Hungarian graves of the early tenth century, including one found, remarkably, in south-eastern France.  We shall also compare these five Italian deniers with other coins from the same period discovered in other contexts, including not only hoards concealed by Franks on the Continent but also others representing the loot taken by Scandinavian invaders, who were raiding the Carolingian kingdoms from a different direction at the same time. This analysis will bring out a number of significant new insights, perhaps the most important being the reattribution of a number of the previously published Frankish and Italian coins found in other Hungarian graves.

 

Index:

Coupland, Simon

Title:

Dorestad in the ninth century : the numismatic evidence / by Simon Coupland

Source:

Jaarboek voor Munt- en Penningkunde 75 (1988) p. 5-26

 

Index:

Coupland, Simon

Title:

Four Christiana religio hoards of Louis the Pious, and Saint-Même-le-Tenu / by Simon Coupland

Published:

London : Royal Numismatic Society, 2013

Note:

Offprint from: Numismatic Chronicle 173 (2013) p. 359-369, pl. 62-63

 

Index:

Coupland, Simon

Title:

Money and coinage under Louis the Pious / Simon Coupland

Source:

Francia 17 (1990) 1 p. 23-54

 

Index:

Coupland, Simon

Title:

Die Münzen Karls des Großen : neue Einblicke / Simon Coupland

Source:

Numismatisches Nachrichtenblatt 63 (2014) p. 356-360

 

Index:

Coupland, Simon

Title:

Un nouvel atelier pour le monnayage au monogramme de Charlemagne (793-814) / Simon Coupland

Source:

Bulletin de la Société Francaise de Numismatique 71 (2016) 8 (octobre) p. 316-320

Abstract:

A single find of a coin of Reims from Wijk bij Duurstede

 

Index:

Coupland, Simon

Title:

The portrait coinage of Charlemagne / Simon Coupland

Source:

Early medieval monetary history : studies in memory of Mark Blackburn / ed. by Rory Naismith, Martin Allen, Elina Screen. - Farnham : Ashgate, 2014. - (Studies in early medieval Britain and Ireland). - P. 145-156

 

Index:

Coupland, Simon

Title:

Privy marks on the 'Christiana religio' coinage of Louis the Pious / von Simon Coupland

Source:

Nummi docent ! : Münzen, Schätze, Funde : Festschrift für Peter Ilisch zum 65. Geburtstag am 28. April 2012 / von Gerd Dethlefs, Arent Pol, Stefan Wittenbrink ; hrsg. im Auftrag des Vereins der Münzfreunde für Westfalen und Nachbargebiete e.V.. - Osnabrück : Numismatischer Verlag der Münzhandlung Fritz Rudolf Künker, 2012. – P. 44-53

Abstract:

In 1998 Peter Ilisch published a group of Christiana religio coins of Louis the Pious (814–840) discovered near Paderborn in Saxony. This is the most common Carolingian coinage type, partly because it circulated for over forty years, partly because it was minted during an economic boom, and partly because the same type was struck at every mint across the empire. Although the coins are all of the same design, however, they are not identical: some, including Ilisch’s group, bear privy marks: additional pellets or other symbols. This article examines the use of privy marks on this coinage and considers their significance, in particular the extent to which they can help to attribute the coins. The groups discussed include those with a letter S beneath the temple; coins like Ilisch's attributable to a German mint, some incorporating a crescent below the temple; and Group X, with a remarkable variety of additional points and other marks, almost certainly expressing the die-cutter's sense of fun rather than any deeper meaning.

 

Index:

Coupland, Simon

Title:

Raiders, traders, worshippers and settlers : the Continental perspective / Simon Coupland

Source:

Silver economies, monetisation and society in Scandinavia, AD 800-1100 / ed. by James Graham-Campbell, Søren M Sindbæk and Gareth Williams. - Aarhuus : Aarhus University Press, cop. 2011. – P. 113-131

 

Index:

Coupland, Simon

Title:

The Roermond coins reconsidered / Simon Coupland

Source:

Medieval and Modern Matters 2 (2011) p. 25-50

Abstract:

The important Carolingian hoard from Roermond was discussed in volume 1 of 'Medieval and Modern Matters,' with a focus on the 26 silver objects it contained. The present article re-examines the 1132 coins, and in particular the large number bearing the inscription Christiana religio instead of a mint-name. Attributing many of these to known mints of the period makes it possible to examine the change in circulation patterns in the 830s and after 840, and highlights the increasing breakdown of circulation across the Frankish realms. This in turn brings out the remarkable nature of the Roermond hoard, which contains parcels of coins from a number of different regions, rare coins of Louis the German, and Anglo-Saxon and papal issues, which are hardly ever found in Frankish hoards. Examining the coins thus sheds light both on the contemporary Frankish economy and also the particular circumstances of the Roermond hoard.

 

Index:

Coupland, Simon

Title:

Seven recent Carolingian hoards / by Simon Coupland

Published:

London : Royal Numismatic Society, 2014

Note:

Offprint from: Numismatic Chronicle 174 (2014) p. 317-332, pl. 50-52

 

Index:

Coupland, Simon

Title:

A supplement to the checklist of Carolingian coin hoards / by Simon Coupland

Published:

London : Royal Numismatic Society, 2014

Note:

Offprint from: Numismatic Chronicle 174 (2014) p. 213-222, pl. 28, 50-52

 

Index:

Coupland, Simon

Title:

Le trésor de Bourgneuf-en-Retz et les monnaies de Melle au monogramme d'un roi Charles / Coupland (Simon)

Source:

Bulletin de la Société Française de Numismatique 65 (2010) 6 (juin) p. 190-193

 

Index:

Coupland, Simon

Title:

Trésors monétaires peut-être enfouis lors des premiers raids vikings dans la vallée de la Seine / Coupland (Simon), Moesgaard (Jens Christian)

Source:

Bulletin de la Société Française de Numismatique 67 (2012) 7 (septembre) p. 222-229

 

Index:

Coupland, Simon

Title:

Un type inédit de Charlemagne pour Limoges / Simon Coupland

Source:

Bulletin de la Société Numismatique de Limoges 24 (février 2017) p. 6-7

 

Index:

Crinon, Pierre

Title:

À propos de la pseudo-donation de 940 à Artaud / Crinon (Pierre)

Source:

Bulletin de la Société Française de Numismatique 65 (2010) 4 (avril) p. 78-87

 

Index:

Crinon, Pierre

Title:

A propos de quelques monnaies carolingiennes de Reims / Crinon (P.) et Dhénin (M.)

Source:

Bulletin de la Société Française de Numismatique 47 (1992) 6 (juin) p. 350-355

 

Index:

Crinon, Pierre

Title:

Attribution d’un denier de Pépin au nom d’Erodbert à Robert (…741, 757-758…), le premier Robertien, ancêtre de Hugues Capet / Crinon (Pierre)

Source:

Bulletin de la Société Française de Numismatique 64 (2009) 5 (mai) p. 95-97

 

Index:

Crinon, Pierre

Title:

Catalogue des monnaies carolingiennes de Tours du VIIIe s. au début de la féodalité / Pierre Crinon  

Source:

Tours : études numismatiques / textes réunis par Jacqueline Pilet-Lemière. - Paris : Société Française de Numismatique, 1997. - P. 53-87

 

Index:

Crinon, Pierre

Title:

Contributions au monnayage viennois du VIIIe siècle / Crinon (Pierre) et Bedel (Jean-Claude)

Source:

Bulletin de la Société Française de Numismatique 58 (2003) 8 (octobre) p. 181-184

 

Index:

Crinon, Pierre

Title:

Un denier inédit de Châteaudun du Xème siècle : les déformations du monogramme de Raoul (RFS et OFS) / Crinon (P.)

Source:

Bulletin de la Société Française de Numismatique 48 (1993) 4 (avril) p. 539-543

 

Index:

Crinon, Pierre

Title:

Un denier inédit de Courtrai sous le roi Lothaire (954-986) / Pierre Crinon

Source:

Revue Numismatique 164 (2008) p. 45-53

Abstract:

This unpublished denier in the name of king Lothar was struck with a reworked die. Its technique of fabrication, epigraphy and metrology are reminiscent of that of coins of Arras and its region in the Fecamp hoard, as well as of that of later coins of Quentovic.The political context of the relations between king Lothar, the count of Flanders or the bishop of Arras and Courtrai, leads to dating the coin after 965 and probably in the 980s.

 

Index:

Crinon, Pierre

Title:

Un denier inédit de Narbonne au nom de Charles empereur (Charles le Gros?), frappé avec un coin regravé / Crinon (P.)

Source:

Bulletin de la Société Française de Numismatique 49 (1994) 6 (juin) p. 869-873

 

Index:

Crinon, Pierre

Title:

Un denier inédit de Pépin (751-768) frappé à Narbonne / Crinon (P.) et Chwartz (B.)

Source:

Bulletin de la Société Française de Numismatique 48 (1993) 10 (décembre) p. 696-699

 

Index:

Crinon, Pierre

Title:

Un denier inédit du roi Carloman (879-884) émis au Mont-Lassois / Crinon (P.)

Source:

Bulletin de la Société Française de Numismatique 51 (1996) 1 (janvier) p. 2-6

 

Index:

Crinon, Pierre

Title:

État du monnayage carolingien de Pierrepont (c. de Marle, arr. de Laon, Aisne) / Crinon (Pierre)

Source:

Bulletin de la Société Française de Numismatique 68 (2013) 1 (juin) p. 140-144

 

Index:

Crinon, Pierre

Title:

Les monnaies carolingiennes du VIIIe siècle émises en Bretagne / Pierre Crinon

Source:

Annales de la Société Bretonne de Numismatique et d'Histoire (1998) p. 10-16

 

Index:

Crinon, Pierre

Title:

Le monnayage de Carloman (768-771) : à propos d’un denier inédit de Reims / Crinon (Pierre)

Source:

Bulletin de la Société Française de Numismatique 59 (2004) 10 (décembre) p. 246-249

 

Index:

Crinon, Pierre

Title:

Le monnayage rémois de Louis IV d’Outremer (936-954) : à propos du denier inédit trouvé à Vireux (Ardennes) / Pierre Crinon

Source:

Bulletin du Cercle d'Études Numismatiques 47 (2010) 2 (mai-août) p. 264-270

 

Index:

Crinon, Pierre

Title:

Les oboles de Laon au type GDR (864-875) / Crinon (P.), Dhénin (M.) et Lagasse (J.J.)

Source:

Bulletin de la Société Française de Numismatique 53 (1998) 6 (juin) p. 122-127

 

Index:

Crinon, Pierre

Title:

Le trésor carolingien de Saint-Martin-sur-le-Pré (Marne) / Crinon (P.)

Source:

Bulletin de la Société Française de Numismatique 47 (1992) 6 (juin) p. 355-356

 

Index:

Crusafont i Sabater, Miquel

Title:

Dinero inédito carolingio de Arles, atribuible a Luis el Ciego / Miquel Crusafont i Sabater

Source:

Revue Numismatique. 6e sér. 158 (2002) p. 271-278

Abstract:

The article presents an unpublished coin in the Lerida collection of local provenance: a denier of Arles with the name of the emperor Louis, which can be attributed to Louis the Blind, probably ca. 901-905. This coin complements our knowledge of the continued circulation of Southern Carolingian coinage in Catalonia at the end of the ninth century.

 

Index:

Cruysheer, Anton T.E.

Title:

De Karolingische schatvondst Bikbergen 1992 / Anton Cruysheer, Bouke Jan van der Veen, Olaf Langendorff

Source:

De Beeldenaar 39 (2015) 2 p. 83-86

 

Index:

Cumont, Georges 1852-1913

Title:

Monnaie de Charles le Gros, frappée à Dinant et trouvée à Furfooz (province de Namur) / [G. Cumont]

Source:

Annales de la Société d'Archéologie de Bruxelles 20 (1906) p. 284-287

 

Index:

De Bock-Doehaerd, Renée 1913-

Title:

Les réformes monétaires carolingiennes / [Renée Doehaerd]

Source:

Annales 7 (1952) 1 p. 13-20

 

Index:

Depeyrot, Georges 1953-

Title:

Une monnaie de Pépin le Bref / Georges Depeyrot

Source:

Bulletin du Cercle Archéologique Hesbaye-Condroz 24 (1996-1999) p. 37-39

 

Index:

Derzypolsky, Nicolas

Title:

Le denier de Verdun de Raoul (923-925) / Nicolas Derzypolsky, Michel Dhénin et Michel Hourlier

Source:

Revue numismatique 164 (2008) p. 41-43

Abstract:

Three deniers of two different varieties minted in Verdun by the king of Francia Raoul between 923 and 925 are published

 

Index:

Dhénin, Michel 1946-

Title:

The coins of Quentovic from the Cuerdale Hoard in the Museum of Boulogne-sur-Mer / M. Dhénin and P. Leclercq

Source:

British Numismatic Journal 52 (1982) p. 104-107

 

Index:

Dhénin, Michel (1946-....)

Title:

Une obole inédite de Cambrai du Xe siècle, tentative d’attribution / Dhénin (Michel) et Schiesser (Philippe)

Source:

Bulletin de la Société Française de Numismatique 68 (2013) 6 (juin) p. 145-147

 

Index:

Dhénin, Michel 1946-

Title:

Le trésor monétaire de Breuvery sur Coole (Marne) / par Michel Dhénin

Source:

Comptes-rendus des Séances de l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres 133 (1989) 3 p. 811-823

 

Index:

Diaz Tabernero, José 1966-

Title:

Vom Gold zum Silber : Münzen und Münzprägung in karolingischer Zeit / José Diaz Tabernero

Source:

Die Zeit Karls des Grossen in der Schweiz /  hrsg. von Markus Riek, Jürg Goll, Georges Descœudres. - Sulgen : Benteli, 2013. - P. 198-201

 

Index:

Dirks, Jacob 1811-1892

Title:

Lettre de M. J. Dirks á M. Renier Chalon, président de la Société royale de Numismatique / [J. Dirks]

Source:

Revue de la Numismatique Belge 35 (1879) p. 318-319, pl. 14

 

Index:

Dirks, Jacob 1811-1892

Title:

La trouvaille de Pingjum (Frise) : en juin 1868 / [J. Dirks]

Source:

Revue de la Numismatique Belge 5e sér. 1 (1869) p. 199-205, pl. 8

 

Index:

Dolley, Reginald Hugh Michael 1926-1983

Title:

A Carolingian 'denarius' with a Devonshire provenance / Michael Dolley and Norman Shiel

Source:

British Numismatic Journal 50 (1980) p. 7-11

 

Index:

Dolley, Reginald Hugh Michael 1926-1983

Title:

Finds of Carolingian coins from Great Britain and Ireland / R.H.M. Dolley and K.F. Morrison

Source:

British Numismatic Journal 32 (1963) p. 75-87, pl. 7-8

 

Index:

Dolley, Reginald Hugh Michael 1926-1983

Title:

New light on the pre-1760 Coney Street (York) find of coins of the Duurstede mint / by Michael Dolley

Source:

Jaarboek voor Munt- en Penningkunde 52-53 (1965-1966) p. 1-7

 

Index:

Doménech Belda, Carolina

Title:

La circulation de monnaie carolingienne dans la péninsule ibérique : à propos d’un denier de l’atelier de Roda / Carolina Doménech Belda

Source:

Revue Numismatique 170 (2013) p. 283-410

Abstract:

Carolingian coin finds in the Iberian peninsula are scant, especially those minted in the area known as the Marca Hispanica. This article offers a revision of this topic, starting from the find of a Carolingian denier fragment during the archaeological excavations in El Tolmo de Minateda (Hellín, Albacete, Spain). It is a coin of Charlemagne minted in the Marca mint of Roda. Until now only one coin of this king from this mint was known. The stratigraphic context of the Carolingian denier carries interesting evidence about the date of its use, and suggests that it is one of the earliest examples of Carolingian coin circulation in the Iberian Peninsula.

 

Index:

Doyen, Jean-Marc

Title:

Monnaies carolingiennes de la région liégeoise / Jean-Marc Doyen

Source:

Bulletin du Cercle d'Études Numismatiques 28 (1991) 1 (janvier-mars) p. 10-12

 

Index:

Duchemin, Jean-Patrick

Title:

Une fibule monétiforme carolingienne à l'effigie d'Élagabale / Jean-Patrick Duchemin & David Berthod

Source:

Bulletin du Cercle d'Études Numismatiques 51 (2014) 2 (mai-août) p. 259=261

 

Index:

Ducrocq, Théophile 1829-1913

Title:

Note sur une vente de pièces de monnaies carlovingiennes intéressant le Poitou / par M. Th. Ducrocq

Published:

Poitiers : Impr. de Blais, Roy, [ca. 1886]

 

Index:

Dumas, Étienne

Title:

Le trésor de Fécamp et la monnaie sous les derniers carolingiens / par Étienne Dumas

Source:

Comptes-rendus des séances de l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres 115 (1971) 3 p. 574-583

 

Index:

Dumas-Dubourg, Françoise 1932-

Title:

Un denier inédit du roi Lothaire pour Chinon / Françoise Dumas et Patrice de la Perrière

Source:

Revue Numismatique. 6e sér. 19 (1977) p. 152-161

 

Index:

Dumas-Dubourg, Françoise 1932-

Title:

Note sur l’atelier monétaire de Chinon du VIIe au Xe siècle / Françoise Dumas-Dubourg

Source:

Revue Archéologique du Centre de la France 44 (2005) p. 95-96

 

Index:

Emmerig, Hubert 1958-

Title:

Carolingian capitularies as a source for the monetary history of the Frankish Empire / Hubert Emmerig

Source:

Proceedings of the XIVth International Numismatic Congress, Glasgow 2009. II / ed. by Nicholas Holmes. - Glasgow : [International Numismatic Commission], 2011. – P. 1431-1435

 

Index:

Emmerig, Hubert 1958-

Title:

Der Freisinger Münzschatzfund und das Geldwesen in Bayern zur Karolingerzeit : mit einer Auswertung des Freisinger Traditionsbuches als geldgeschichtlicher Quelle / Hubert Emmerig

Source:

Sammelblatt des Historischen Vereins Freising 38 (2004) p. 11-75

 

Index:         

Fougères, Frédéric

Title:

Description complète et raisonnée des monnaies de la deuxième race royale en France / par F. Fougères et G. Conbrouse

Published:

Paris : chez les auteurs, 1837

 

Index:

Frère, Hubert 1920-1999

Title:

Le denier carolingien / Hubert Frère    

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 126 (1980) p. 109-127, pl. 6

 

Index:

Frère, Hubert 1920-1999

Title:

Le denier carolingien. 2e complément / Hubert Frère    

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 143 (1997) p. 95-112

 

Index:

Frère, Hubert 1920-1999

Title:

Les noms de lieux sur les monnaies carolingiennes de 'Belgique' / Hubert Frère

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 123 (1977) p. 133-148

 

Index:

Gaettens, Richard 1886-1965

Title:

Münzen Karl d. Gr. sowie der Päpste Hadrian I. und Leo III. von historischer, staatsrechtlicher und währungsgeschichtlicher Bedeutung / Richard Gaettens

Source:

Jahrbuch für Numismatik und Geldgeschichte 2 (1950-1951) p. 47-67, pl. 3

 

Index:         

Gariel, Ernest -1884

Title:

Les monnaies royales de France sous la race carolingienne. Pt. 2. [Fasc 1] / par E. Gariel

Published:

Strasbourg : Fischbach, 1884

 

Index:

Gariel, Ernest -1884

Title:

Les monnaies royales de France sous la race carolingienne. Pt. 2. Fasc 2 / par E. Gariel

Published:

Strasbourg : Hoffmann, 1885

 

Index:

Garipzanov, Ildar H.

Title:

Carolingian coins in early Viking Age Scandinavia (c. 754-c. 900) : chronological distribution and regional patterns / Ildar H. Garipzanov

Source:

Nordisk Numismatisk Ǻrsskrift (2003-2005) p. 65-92

Abstract:

The author discusses the relative scarcity of Carolingian coins in Scandinavia in the 9th century. A total of 125 coins were found, they were mostly used as pendants or ornaments, only at places like Haithabu and Kaupang, and perhaps Gudme, they may have been used for transactions, and most likely in the first half of the 9th century. Also in Sweden and the rest of Norway their economic function was marginal (compared to the dirhems), they were rather used as ornaments or jewellery and are found in female graves. Two thirds (or 84) of the coins belong to the Christiana-religio series, which was struck by Louis the Pious in the years 822-40. The distribution patterns can be divided into three zones. 1) Southern Jutland and Fyn. The Carolingian coins were rare, probably because they were signs of a foreign authority and not welcomed. 2) In the rest of Denmark Carolingian coins acquired a certain cultural and social value and were worn as pendants. 3) In Southern Norway and South-Eastern Sweden the Carolingian coins were mostly used as ornaments and signs of social prestige. They are found in female graves from c.825-850 and to a lesser extent in later graves.

 

Index:

Garipzanov, Ildar H.

Title:

The image of authority in Carolingian coinage : the ‘image’ of a ruler and Roman imperial tradition / Ildar H. Garipzanov

Source:

Early Medieval Europe 8 (1999) 2 p. 197–218

Abstract:

This article examines the influence of Roman imperial symbols of authority on Carolingian coinage. During the brief period of a specific ‘renewal’ in Carolingian coinage in the 810s, there was an evident turn to the Roman tradition of demonstrating authority. As a result, the image of a peace-making emperor on Roman coins during the late third to early fourth century was employed on Carolingian coins for the purpose of legitimizing the new imperial authority of the Carolingians. This image, however, was not long-lived and gradually disappeared in the 820s to 830s.

 

Index:

Garipzanov, Ildar H.

Title:

Metamorphoses of the early medieval 'signum' of a ruler in the Carolingian world / Ildar H. Garipzanov

Source:

Early Medieval Europe 14 (2006) 4 p. 419-464

Abstract:

This article uses the approach of diplomatic semiotics to explore early medieval signs of authority in charters and on coins, especially the monogram and the sign of the cross used as an individual ‘signature’. Coins and charters used these signs communicating royal or imperial authority differently, addressing diverse regional and social audiences. From the fifth through the ninth centuries, the early medieval signum of a ruler gradually transformed from the individualizing sign of a particular monarch, designed to differentiate him symbolically from other rulers, to the generalizing sign of the king by the grace of God, which as a visual attribute of authority could be shared by several rulers. This transformation signified the inauguration of a new ‘medieval’ tradition in the communication of authority in late Carolingian times.

 

Index:

Garipzanov, Ildar H.

Title:

Regensburg, Wandalgarius and the 'novi denarii' : Charlemagne's monetary reform revisited / Ildar Garipzanov

Source:

Early Medieval Europe 24 (2016) 1 p. 58-73

Abstract:

Until now, Philip Grierson's tentative dating of Charlemagne's monetary reform to 793/4 has been generally accepted. His dating was based not only on numismatic evidence but also on his attempt to set this event in the context of Charlemagne's activities from 792 to 794. This traditional date of the reform does not, however, take into account evidence provided by Codex Sangallensis 731, in which the scribe Wandalgarius drew the image of a post-reform coin around mid-October 793. Based on this evidence as well as the historical contextualization of Charlemagne's stay in Regensburg in 791–3, this paper attributes the introduction of the novi denarii to the period between the autumn of 792 and the early autumn of 793, when his court was located in Regensburg.

 

Index:

Geiser, Anne

Title:

Un trésor de monnaies de Pépin le Bref trouvé à la Tour-de-Peilz (VD), nécropole du Clos d'Aubonne / Anne Geiser

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 160 (November 1990) p. 94-106

 

Index:

Gelder, Hendrik Enno van 1916-1998

Title:

Le trésor carolingien d'Ide / H. Enno van Gelder

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 7 (1965) p. 241-261

 

Index:

Geneviève, Vincent

Title:

Le médaillier carolingien du Musée Paul Dupuy à Toulouse (Haute-Garonne) / par Vincent Geneviève et Guillaume Sarah

Source:

Mémoires de la Société Archéologique du Midi de la France 72 (2012) p. 15-61

 

Index:

Gianazza, Luca 1974-

Title:

La collezione di Vittorio Emanuele III / collana on line a cura di Silvana Balbi de Caro and Gabriella Angeli Bufalini. [6]: La zecca di Milano (773 -855) / di Luca Gianazza

Series:

Bollettino di Numismatica Online. Materiali ; 7

Published:

Roma : Istituto poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato, 2013

Abstract:

Catalogue of the Carolingian coins of Charlemagne, Louis the Pious and Lothar I in the collection of Vittorio Emanuele III di Savoia, king of Italy, currently kept at the Museo Nazionale Romano.  This volume presents the coins formerly assigned to the mint of Milan, also including those that now can be attributed to other mints (e.g. Venice, Orléans, Melle Dax, Sens, ...).

 

Index:

Gianazza, Luca 1974-

Title:

La collezione di Vittorio Emanuele III / collana on line a cura di Silvana Balbi de Caro and Gabriella Angeli Bufalini. [9]: La zecca di Milano (855-961) / di Luca Gianazza

Series:

Bollettino di Numismatica Online. Materiali ; 10

Published:

Roma : Istituto poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato, 2013

Abstract:

Catalogue of the Carolingian coins from Louis II to Berengar II with Adalbert the collection of Vittorio Emanuele III di Savoia, king of Italy, currently kept at the Museo Nazionale Romano.  This volume presents the coins formerly assigned to the mint of Milan, also including those that now can be attributed to other mints (e.g. Venice, Pavia, Verona, Saint-Martin de Tours, ...).

 

Index:

Grierson, Philip 1910-2006

Title:

La date des monnaies d'or de Louis le Pieux / [Philip Grierson]

Source:

Le Moyen Âge 69 (1963) p. 67-74

 

Index:

Grierson, Philip 1910-2006

Title:

The gold solidus of Louis the Pious and its imitations / by Philip Grierson

Source:

Jaarboek voor Munt- en Penningkunde 38 (1951) p. 1-41, pl. 1-3

 

Index:

Grierson, Philip 1910-2006

Title:

La trouvaille monétaire d'Ilanz / Philip Grierson

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 14 (Dezember 1953) p. 46-48

 

Index:

Gruaz, Julien

Title:

Le trésor d'Hermenches et les temps carolingiens / Julien Gruaz

Source:

Revue Historique Vaudoise (1922) (Juillet) p. 1-20

 

Index:

Hardt-Friederichs, Friederun 1944-

Title:

Markt, Münze und Zoll im ostfränkischen Reich  bis zum Ende der Ottonen / von Friederun Hardt-Friederichs

Source:

Blätter für deutsche Landesgeschichte 116 (1980) p. 1-31

 

Index:

Hävernick, Walter 1905-1983

Title:

Hamburg als karolingische Münzstätte / Walter Hävernick

Source:

Hamburger Beiträge zur Numismatik 1 (1947) p. 9-13

 

Index:

Heijne, Cecilia von 1969-

Title:

En tidig dorestadefterprägling funnen i Räng Sand, Skåne / Cecilia von Heijne

Source:

Nordisk Numismatisk Unions Medlemsblad (2006) 1 (Februar) p. 10-13

 

Index:

Herwijnen, Arie van 1955-

Title:

A medieval coin find from the Netherlands : filling a gap for Dorestad ? / Arie van Herwijnen and Peter Ilisch

Source:

Numismatic Chronicle 166 (2006) p. 245-249

 

Index:

Hess, Wolfgang 1926-1999

Title:

Geldwirtschaft am Mittelrhein in karolingischer Zeit / von Wolfgang Hess

Source:

Blätter für deutsche Landesgeschichte 98 (1962) p. 26-63

 

Index:

Jeanne-Rose, Olivier

Title:

Trouvailles isolées de monnaies carolingiennes en Poitou : inventaire provisoire / Olivier Jeanne-Rose

Source:

Revue Numismatique 151 (1996) p. 113-137

Abstract:

Whereas Carolingians hoards brought to light in Poitou are fairly well- known, single-finds have never given rise to a specific study. A canvassing business based on collecting information from archaeological excavations and fortuitous discoveries made by private individuals together with bibliographical and archivistic perusals has enabled a survey consisting in at least 133 mentions of single-finds to be set up. The use of this corpus allowed the author to come to the conclusion that a real widespread money-making economy was established in Carolingian times in Poitou which would otherwise tend to corroborate the written documentation.

 

Index:

Kaiser, Reinhold

Title:

Karls des Kahlen Münzprivileg für Besançon vom 1. November 871 : eine Gelehrtenfälschung des 17. Jahrhunderts / Reinhold Kaiser

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 55 (1976) p. 179-201

 

Index:

Lafaurie, Jean 1914-2008

Title:

Deniers du VIIIe siècle de Saint-Ouen-de-Rouen / Jean Lafaurie

Source:

Histoire et numismatique en Haute-Normandie [Texte imprimé] / B. Beaujard ... [et.al] ; recueil présenté par Nancy Gauthier. - Caen : Annales de Normandie, 1980. - (Cahier des Annales de Normandie ; 12 A). - P. 111-116, pl. 8

 

Index:

Lafaurie, Jean 1914-2008

Title:

Deux trésors monétaires carolingiens : Saumeray (Eure-et-Loir), Rennes (Ille-et-Vilaine) / Jean Lafaurie

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 7 (1965) p. 262-305, pl. 24-31

 

Index:

Lafaurie, Jean 1914-2008

Title:

Deniers de Charles le Chauve trouvés à Clairoix / Jean Lafaurie

Source:

Revue Archéologique de l'Oise 4 (1973) p. 23-26

 

Index:

Lafaurie, Jean 1914-2008

Title:

Les monnaies impériales de Charlemagne / par Jean Lafaurie

Source:

Comptes-rendus des séances de l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres 122 (1978) 1 p. 154-176

 

Index:

Lafaurie, Jean 1914-2008

Title:

Numismatique : des Carolingiens aux Capétiens / Jean Lafaurie

Source:

Cahiers de Civilisation Médiévale 13 (1970) 2 p. 12-137, pl. 1-6

 

Index:

Lafaurie, Jean 1914-2008

Title:

La surveillance des ateliers monetaires au IXe siecle / Jean Lafaurie

Source:

Histoire comparée de l'administration (IVe-XVIIIe siècles) : actes du XIVe colloque historique franco-allemand, Tours, 27 mars-1er avril 1977 ... / publ. par Werner Paravicini et Karl Ferdinand Werner ; préf. par André Stegmann. - München [etc.] : Artemis, 1980. - (Beihefte der Francia ; Bd. 9). – P. 486-496

 

Index:

Le Blanc, François 1630-1698

Title:

Dissertation historique sur quelques monnoyes de Charlemagne, de Louis le Debonnaire, de Lothaire, et de leurs successeurs, frappées dans Rome ... / [Le Blanc]

Published:

Paris : chez Jean Baptiste Coignard, ..., 1689

 

Index:

Lelong, Charles

Title:

Monnaies carolingiennes trouvées en Touraine en 1970 / par Charles Lelong

Source:

Revue Archéologique du Centre de la France 10 (1971) 3-4 p. 319-325.

 

Index:

Loë, Alfred de 1858-1882

Title:

Découverte d'un 'trésor' à Muysen (province de Brabant) / [Alfred de Loë]

Source:

Bulletin des Musées Royaux des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels 2e sér. 2 (1909) p. 74-76

 

Index:

Longpérier, Henri Adrien Prévost de 1816-1881

Title:

Études sur quelques monnaies carlovingiennes / [Adrien de Longpérier]

Source:

Revue Archéologique 5 (1849) 2 p. 495-499

 

Index:

Luschin von Ebengreuth, Arnold 1841-1932

Title:

Beiträge zur Münzgeschichte im Frankenreich. I / von A. Luschin von Ebengreuth

Source:

Neues Archiv der Gesellschaft für Ältere Deutsche Geschichtskunde zur Beförderung einer Gesamtausgabe der Quellenschriften deutscher Geschichten des Mittelalters 33 (1908) p. 435-460

 

Index:

Mäkeler, Hendrik 1979-

Title:

Carl Säve, der Fund von Kättilstorp und die karolingischen Münzen im Münzkabinett der Universität Uppsala / Hendrik Mäkeler und Peter Berghaus

Source:

Opus mixtum : uppsatser kring Uppsala universitets myntkabinett / utgivare Harald Nilsson. - Uppsala : Uppsala universitet, 2009. – P. 157-200

 

Index:

Martín Escudero, Fátima 1975-

Title:

Monedas que van, monedas que vienen ... circulación monetaria en época de cambios / Fátima Martín Escudero

Source:

De Mahoma a Carlomagno : los primeros tiempos (siglos VII-IX). - Pamplona : Gobierno de Navarra, Departamento de Cultura, Turismo y Relaciones Institucionales, 2013. - P. 311-350

 

Index:

Meert, Christian

Title:

Les monnaies carolingiennes de l'atelier de Dinant / [Christian Meert]

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 108 (1962) p. 153-172, pl. 10-11

 

Index:

Menadier, Julius 1854-1939

Title:

Karolingerdenare / [Menadier]

Source:

Amtliche Berichte aus den Königlichen Kunstsammlungen 32 (1911) 12 (September) p. 1-11

 

Index:

Metcalf, David Michael 1933-

Title:

An early Carolingian mint in the Low Countries: Bona=Tiel / D.M. Metcalf

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 116 (1970) p. 141-152

 

Index:

Morrison, Karl Frederick 1936-

Title:

Carolingian coinage / by Karl F. Morrison ; with the collab. of Henry Grunthal

Series:

Numismatic notes and monographs ; no. 158

Published:

New York : American Numismatic Society, 1967

 

Index:

Morrison, Karl Frederick 1936-

Title:

'Mules' in the Carolingian series / K.F. Morrison

Source:

Numismatic Chronicle 7th ser. 1 (1961) p. 225-234

 

Index:

Naismith, Rory George Robert

Title:

Six English finds of Carolingian-Era gold coins / by Rory Naismith

Published:

London : Royal Numismatic Society, 2010

Note:

Offprint from: Numismatic Chronicle 170 (2010) p. 215-225

 

Index:

Nicolay, Johan Auke Willem 1974-

Title:

Een gouden pseudo-munthanger uit het Groningse terpengebied : de 9e-eeuwse elite in beeld / Johan Nicolay

Source:

Paleo-aktueel 19 (2008) p. 161-167

Abstract:

In 2007, a metal-detectorist found a gold pendant at a site near Warfhuizen, in the salt-marsh area of Groningen. The central part of the pendant is a disc of gold sheet, stamped with a die based on a coin of Louis the Pious (814-840). The rim of the pendant is made of one fine and three thick, beaded wires, with an elongated,

biconical loop attached. The pendant is similar to pseudo-coin pendants and brooches from the second and third quarters of the 9th century. It is assumed that these ornaments were produced for a regional elite after Charlemagne had conquered the coastal area of the northern Netherlands (east of the Lauwers estuary) and the area of the neighbouring Saxons. Furthermore, the short phases of gold deposition in the northern Netherlands are related to periods of socio-politically instability, when local and regional elites had to define or reestablish their position.

 

Index:

Noordaa, Simon Hendrik van der 1793-1851

Title:

Geschied- en penningkundige aanmerkingen, naar aanleiding van eenige hier te lande gevondene munten. II / door S.H. van der Noordaa

Source:

Tijdschrift voor Algemeene Munt- en Penningkunde 1 (1838) 8 p. 763-858

 

Index:

Orlandoni, Mario

Title:

Le monete alto medioevali del museo del Gran San Bernardo nelle vicende archeologiche del Plan de Jupiter / Mario Orlandoni

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 126 (Mai 1982) p. 43-49

 

Index:

Overbeck, Bernhard 1942-

Title:

Der Schatzfund von Ilanz 1811 / Bernard Overbeck und Katharina Bierbrauer

Source:

Archäologie der Schweiz 2 (1979) p. 119-125

 

Index:

Prou, Maurice 1861-1930

Title:

Les monnaies carolingiennes / par Maurice Prou

Published:

Paris : Rollin & Feuardent, 1896

 

Index:

Robert, Evelyne

Title:

La fontaine de vie et la propagation de la véritable religion chrétienne / H. Robert, J.L. Desnier, J. Belaubre

Published:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 134 (1988) p. 89-106

 

Index:

Robert, Pierre Charles 1813-1887

Title:

Numismatique de la province du Languedoc. III: Période carolingienne / Étude par P. Charles Robert …

Published:

Toulouse : Edouard Privat, 1880

 

Index:

Rovelli, Alessia 1957-

Title:

I denari di Carlo Magno con la legenda +CARLVSREXFR ETLANGACPATROM e il monogramma in greco / [Alessia Rovelli]

Published:

Roma : dell'Istituto [Italiano di Numismatica], 2003

Note:

Offprint from: Annali dell’Istituto Italiano di Numismatica 50 (2003) p. 217-225, pl. 2

 

Index:

Rovelli, Alessia 1957-

Title:

Il denaro carolingio nel Meridione d'Italia : una discussione da riaprire / [Alessia Rovelli]

Published:

Roma : dell'Istituto [Italiano di Numismatica], 1995

Note:

Offprint from: Annali dell’Istituto Italiano di Numismatica 42 (1995) p. 255-262

 

Index:

Rovelli, Alessia 1957-

Title:

Emission monétaire et administration dans le royaume d'Italie : a propos des analyses des deniers carolingiens du Cabinet des Médailles / Alessia Rovelli

Source:

Revue Numismatique 165 (2009) p. 187-201

Abstract:

Recent research carried on into Carolingian Italy tend to conclude that royal power was fairly successful in running public administration and ensuring military defence of the Lombard Kingdom, after its conquest by the Franks. From a monetary point of view, the reforms introduced by Charles the Great to bring Italy progressively into the Frankish system were equally successful. This success has been furthe emphasized by new analyses on the intrinsic value of the Italian issues.The situation appears different when we focus on the mints. Their very limited number is an anomaly which we are attempting to understand.

 

Index:

Rovelli, Alessia 1957-

Title:

Le zecche nell’Italia carolingia e ottoniana : un quadro d’insieme / Alessia Rovelli

Source:

Le zecche italiane fino all'Unità / a cura di Lucia Travaini ; redazione scientifica: Lucia Travaini e Marco Bazzini ; redazione editoriale: Lucia Travaini ... [et al.]. - Roma : Libreria dello Stato, Istituto poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato, 2011. – P. 435-447

 

Index:

Sarah, Guillaume 1983-

Title:

Analyse et spéculation : quelques deniers carolingiens reconsidérés / Sarah (Guillaume)

Source:

Bulletin de la Société Française de Numismatique 67 (2011) 1 p. 17-24

 

Index:

Sarah, Guillaume 1983-

Title:

Analyses élémentaires de monnaies de Charlemagne et Louis le Pieux du Cabinet des Médailles : l'Italie carolingienne et Venise / Guillaume Sarah ... [et al.]

Source:

Revue Numismatique 164 (2008) p. 355-406

Abstract:

The whole Carolingian denarii collection kept at the Cabinet des Médailles of the Bibliothèque nationale de France struck in Italy between 781 and 822 under Charlemagne and Louis the Pious has been analysed, as well as some later issues minted between 822 and 855. The analysis revealed an enduring increase in the silver fineness of the coins struck by the two rulers between 781 and 822, followed by a slight decrease during the second part of Louis’ reign (822-840) that continued under Lothar (840-855). The results obtained also showed the particularity ofthe coins struck at Venice in the name of Louis the Pious from 818 to 822, even though the citywas theoretically under Byzantine rule: these denarii are less fine than the other ones, and differ also regarding the content of some minor and trace elements.

 

Index:

Sarah, Guillaume 1983-

Title:

Analyses élémentaires de monnaies de Charlemagne et de Louis le Pieux du Cabinet des Médailles : le cas de Melle / Guillaume Sarah

Source:

Numismatique et archéologie en Poitou-Charentes : actes du colloque de Niort, 7-8 décembre 2007, Musée Bernard d'Agesci / textes pub. par Arnaud Clairand & Dominique Hollard. - Paris : SÉNA, 2009. - P. 63-83, pl. 7-8

Abstract:

Les monnaies issues de l’atelier de Melle provenant de la collection du Cabinet des Médailles de la Bibliothèque nationale de France ont été analysées par spectrométrie de masse couplée à un plasma inductif avec prélèvement par ablation laser (LA-ICP-MS) au Centre Ernest Babelon (IRAMAT-CNRS, Université d’Orléans)1. Les principales caractéristiques de cette méthode originale dont l’application aux monnaies d’argent est récente sont brièvement reprises dans une première partie. La seconde partie est consacrée à la présentation et à l’interprétation des résultats analytiques obtenus sur les deniers et oboles frappés à Melle par Charlemagne et Louis le Pieux entre 771 et 822.

 

Index:

Sarah, Guillaume 1983-

Title:

Charlemagne, Charles the Bald and the 'Karolus' monogram coinage : a multi-disciplinary study / Guillaume Sarah

Source:

Numismatic Chronicle 170 (2010) p. 227-286, pl. 15-2

Abstract:

Coins struck in the name of 'Charles' with a Karolus monogram could have been struck by several Carolingian rulers. The most likely are Charlemagne (768-814), Charles the Bald (840-77) and Charles the Simple (897-922). This article combines a survey of the latest numismatic research with new data on metal composition in order to determine the likeliest attribution on a mint by mint basis. 106 Karolus monogram coins were analysed along with many contemporary issues, including the entire collections of the Cabinet des Médailles of the Bibliothèque nationale de France (BnF) and the Monnaie de Paris (MdP). Particularly useful results have been obtained for the mints of the Palace, Bourges, Toulouse, Melle and Sens.

 

Index:

Sarah, Guillaume 1983-

Title:

Un denier carolingien CAROL/ANDE au Cabinet des Médailles / Sarah (Guillaume)

Source:

Bulletin de la Société Française de Numismatique 65 (2010) 8 (octobre) p. 235-241

 

Index:

Sarah, Guillaume 1983-

Title:

Les monnaies de Melle pendant le règne de Charles le Chauve (840-877) : un état des connaissances / Sarah (Guillaume), Bailleul (Jean-Paul)

Source:

Bulletin de la Société Française de Numismatique 69 (2014) 2 (février) p. 46-55

 

Index:

Sarah, Guillaume 1983-

Title:

Le trésor d’Aspres-lès-Corps (Hautes-Alpes) : des monnaies italiennes dans la tombe d’un cavalier hongrois du début du Xe siècle / Sarah (Guillaume)

Source:

Bulletin de la Société Française de Numismatique, 69 (2014) 6 (juin) p. 151-161

 

Index:

Schiesser, Philippe

Title:

Les oboles carolingiennes unifaces du VIIIe siècle / Schiesser (Philippe)

Source:

Bulletin de la Société Française de Numismatique 70 (2015) 6 (juin) p. 144-151

 

Index:

Schiesser, Philippe

Title:

Les oboles de Pépin le Bref / Schiesser (Philippe)

Source:

Bulletin de la Société Française de Numismatique 70 (1015) 2 (février) p. 32-36

 

Index:

Schiesser, Philippe

Title:

Les oboles unifaces de Charlemagne de Melle / Philippe Schiesser

Source:

Numismatique et archéologie en Poitou-Charentes : actes du colloque de Niort, 7-8 décembre 2007, Musée Bernard d'Agesci / textes pub. par Arnaud Clairand & Dominique Hollard. - Paris : SÉNA, 2009. - P. 49-62, pls. 6

 

Index:

Schulze-Dörrlamm, Mechthild

Title:

Gräber mit Münzbeigabe im Karolingerreich / Mechthild Schulze-Dörrlamm

Source:

Jahrbuch des Römisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseums Mainz 57 (2010) p. 339-388

Abstract:

Carolingian coins (denars and oboli) do not only occur in graves with few burial-goods of persons who lived in the north-eastern areas of the east Frankish kingdom, as has been asserted hitherto. Rather, they bear witness to a burial custom spread throughout the Carolingian Empire (751-911), although at difference periods with alternating intensity and in changing landscapes. Following humble beginnings under Pepin III (the Short), the custom of placing coins in graves spread under Charlemagne and especially under Louis the Pious into almost all regions of their empire, without, however, ever reaching a mass phenomenon. Already during the reign of Charles III (the Bald) the custom withdrew to the west Frankish kingdom. From the late 9th century onwards it was only very rarely used, however, it nevertheless did not completely disappear. Usually one gave the deceased Christians a single denar or obolus, sometimes a few coins and occasionally even hoards in the graves. These coins certainly point to a degree of comfort, but only rarely to a high social rank of the deceased. Although the position of the single coins in the Carolingian graves often corresponds to those of late Roman oboli, they did not represent testimonies to continuing heathen belief. Rather, a silver coin adorned with the cross of Christ and the ruler’s name was not only to prove to Peter at heaven’s gate that the dead person was a believing Christian, but also a follower of an important Carolingian and, thus, was a helping recommendation.

 

Index:

Serrure, Constant Antoine 1835-1898

Title:

Karolingische munten gevonden te Assebrouck / [C.A. Serrure]

Source:

Vaderlandsch Museum 3 (1859-1860) p. 417-421

 

Index:

Serrure, Raymond Constantin 1862-1899

Title:

Notice sur une trouvaille de monnaies carolingiennes faite en Hollande / [Raymond Serrure]

Source:

Annuaire de la Société Française de Numismatique 14 (1890) p. 339-345

 

Index:

Shearman, John Francis

Title:

Discovery of Carlovingian coins at Mullaboden, Ballymore Eustace / by J.F. Shearman

Published:

[Dublin : s.n., 1872]

 

Index:

Stiennon, Jacques

Title:

Le denier de Charlemagne au nom de Roland / Jacques Stiennon

Source:

Cahiers de Civilisation Médiévale 3 (1960) 9 p. 87-95

 

Index:

Thomann, Marcel 1924-

Title:

Recherches sur les monuments de l'art roman et le système carolingien des mesures et des monnaies / Marcel Thomann

Source:

Revue d'Alsace 122 (1996) p. 39-60

 

Index:

Tourneur, Victor 1878-1967

Title:

Le sou de douze deniers de la loi des Francs Ripuaires / [Victor Tourneur]

Source:

Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Histoire 2 (1923) 2 p. 215-222

 

Index:

Vannérus, Jules 1874-1970

Title:

Les deniers de Charles le Chauve (840-877) aux légendes DE ou IN FISCO … / [Jules Vannérus]    

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 94 (1948) p. 77-100

 

Index:

Vercauteren, Fernand 1903-1979

Title:

L'interprétation économique d'une trouvaille de monnaies carolingiennes faite près d'Amiens en 1865 / [Fern. Vercauteren]

Source:

Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Histoire 13 (1934) 3-4 p. 750-758