05. Eastern Europe, Balkans

Index:

Baker, Julian R.

Title:

Coin circulation in late medieval Thrace according to the evidence from Edirne Archaeological Museum / by Julian Baker

Published:

Londini : Royal Numismatic Society, 2014

Note:

Numismatic Chronicle 174 (2014) p. 245-256, pl. 29-38

 

Index:

Bendall, Simon

Title:

A late 14th century hoard of Balkan silver coins / Simon Bendall

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 31 (1989) p. 183-193 pl. 17-19

Abstract:

L'auteur publie ici 53 (+ 4) pièces récemment parues sur le marché en plusieurs lots de source turque. Ce trésor mêle des billons ou des pièces d'argent du duché d'Athènes (1287-1294), de Serbie (milieu xiv s.), de Bulgarie (1331-1355) à des pièces byzantines d'Andronic III (1328-1341) (?), Jean V (1341-1391) et Andronic IV (1376-1379), cette dernière datant l'enfouissement. La composition de la trouvaille confirme les séquences déjà proposées pour Jean V et conduit à certaines réattributions.

 

Index:

Curta, Florin

Title:

Hoards and hoarding patterns in the early Byzantine Balkans / Florin Curta and Andrei Gândilă

Source:

Dumbarton Oaks Papers 65-66 (2011-2012) p. 45-111

 

Index:

Curta, Florin

Title:

Invasion or inflation? : sixth- to seventh-century Byzantine coin hoards in Eastern and Southeastern Europe / [Florin Curta]

Published:

Annali dell'Istituto Italiano di Numismatica 43 (1996) p. 65-224

 

Index:

Demo, Željko

Title:

INVICTISSIMVS AVTOR’ : an unusual series of Baduila (Totila) : a new example from Croatia / Željko Demo

Source:

Byzantine coins in Central Europe between the 5th and 10th century / ed. by Marcin Wołoszyn. - Kraków : Polska Akademia Umiejętności, 2009. - P. 37-46

Abstract:

The coin in question was discovered several years ago in Solin (Roman Salona). This is a quarter siliqua of the Ostrogothic King Baduila (Totila) with the reverse legend Invictissimus avtor, yet another coin in this rare and unusual Ostrogothic series, and the only example known to the present with the name of the emperor Justinian on the obverse. The article only briefly discusses the scarce historical data and instead concentrates on the analysis of the numismatic characteristics of the newly discovered coin, and also the series to which it belongs. The background to the research involves an attempt to illuminate the historical reasons and causes for the creation of the Invictissimus series as well as the possibilities of establishing its chronological position within the still poorly known monetary system of Totila.

 

Index:

Dymowski, Arkadiusz

Title:

Eine frühbyzantinische Münze aus der multikulturellen Siedlung von Tałty, Fundstelle II in Masuren (Nordostpolen) / Arkadiusz Dymowski, Mariola Orzechowska, Mirosław Rudnicki

Source:

Acta Archaeologica Carpathica 48 (2012) p. 215-233

Abstract:

Period (1st–7th c.) settlement of the Bogaczewo Culture and the Olsztyn Group, archaeological units identified with Western Balts, led to the discovery of four ancient coins, notably, a truly unique follis of Justinian II, 685–695, minted at Ravenna. Currently this is the only Central European find of a Byzantine bronze coin discovered so far north (other than the hoard [?] from Brandenburg an der Havel, Germany) and the latest of its type to be recorded in the area of Central Europe to the north of the territory of the Avar state. This newly discovered follis confirms the continuity in late 7th century of exchange between the West Balt communities and the territory to the south of the Carpathian arc documented so well for the preceding period. The follis from Tałty could have found its way to the region through contacts of the people of the Olsztyn Group with the Avar Khaganate.

 

Index:

Füeg, Franz

Title:

Die Nomismata aus dem Fund bei Slavyansk im Historischen Museum Krasnodar / Franz Füeg

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 222 (Juni 2006) p. 43-58

 

Index:

Gândilă, Andrei

Title:

A collection of Byzantine coins from Scythia / Andrei Gândilă

Source:

Cercetări numismatice 14 (2008) p. 289-303

 

Index:

Gândilă, Andrei

Title:

Early Byzantine Capidava : the numismatic evidence / Andrei Gândilă

Source:

Cercetări Numismatice 12-13 (2006-2007) p. 105-130

 

Index:

Gândilă, Andrei

Title:

Face value or bullion value? : early Byzantine coins beyond the Lower Danube border / Andrei Gândilă

Source:

Byzantine coins in Central Europe between the 5th and 10th century / ed. by Marcin Wołoszyn. - Kraków : Polska Akademia Umiejętności, 2009. - P. 449-471

Abstract:

The author discusses the presence of early Byzantine bronze coins in the territories north of the Lower Danube border and attempts to explain the relations between the Empire and the populations outside the border which led to the arrival of bronze coins in the area between the rivers Tisza and Dniester. Previous interpretations pointing to intense economic relations are challenged and instead the author proposes a different approach, showing that different regions outside the border followed distinct patterns. It is suggested that except for the area close to the Danube there did not exist a true monetary circulation and the face value of coins was insignificant. Instead, coins were used for their intrinsic value, being melted to produce bronze objects such as fibulae. It is argued that the high presence of folles in “Barbaricum” and the scarcity of small denominations, along with the large number of molds and associated objects used to produce bronze items are important arguments in favor of this interpretation. The author draws a comparison between the Lower Danube provinces and “Barbaricum” and concludes that the presence of coins outside the border paralleled the evolution of coin flow in the Byzantine provinces. Based on this fact it is argued that political and military developments in 'Barbaricum', heretofore considered as having the main impact on the coin flow, are mostly irrelevant, as internal mechanisms in the provinces regulated the arrival of coins in “Barbaricum”. Without offering any final pronouncements, the study aims to draw the line between the two characteristics, face value and bullion value, in the territories beyond the Danube border.

 

Index:

Gândilă, Andrei

Title:

Some aspects of monetary circulation in the Byzantine province of Scythia during the 6th and 7th century / Andrei Gandila

Source:

Numizmatichni, sfragistichni i epigrafski prinosi kum istoriiata na chernomorskoto kraibrezhie : mezhdunarodna konferentsiia v pamet ha Ct.H.C. Milko Mirchev, Varna, 15-17 ceptemvri 2005 g = Numismatic, sphragistic and epigraphic contributions to the history of the Black Sea Coast : International Conference in Memory of Dr. Milko Mirchev : Varna, September 15th-17th, 2005. Vol. I. - Varna : Zograf, 2008. - (Acta Musei Varnaensis ; 7). _ P. 301-330

 

Index:

Ivanišević, Vujadin

Title:

La monnaie paléobyzantine dans l’Illyricum du nord / par Vujadin Ivanišević

Source:

Mélanges Cécile Morrisson. - Paris : Association des Amis du Centre d'Histoire et Civilisation de Byzance, 2010. - (Travaux et mémoires / Collège de France, Centre de Recherche d'Histoire et Civilisation de Byzance ; 16). - P. 441-454   

 

Index:

Lavysh, Krystyna

Title:

Byzantine coins from the area of Belarus / Krystyna Lavysh & Marcin Woloszyn

Source:

Proceedings of the XIVth International Numismatic Congress, Glasgow 2009. II / ed. by Nicholas Holmes. - Glasgow : International Numismatic Council, 2011. – P. 1500-1508

 

Index:

Mandic, Ljiljana

Title:

Un trésor d'hyperpères du XIIIe siècle trouvé à anakli près de Strumica (Macédoine orientale) / Ljiljana Mandic, Jovan Ananijev et Cécile Morrisson

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 36 (1994) p. 155-169

Abstract:

73 hyperpyra of Isaac II, John HI and Michael VIO, together with a billon trachy of Michael VIII, found near Strumica (ancient Tibérioupolis). Buried circa 1265-1270, in a period with no hitherto known hoards, this deposit, known in its entirety and its precise origin, shows a great variety of sigla on the hyperpyra which all but one bear incised graffiti.

 

Index:

Marović, Ivan

Title:

Ostava bizantskih zlatnika iz Narone / Ivan Marović

Source:

Vjesnik za Arheologiju i Povijest Dalmatinsku 99 (2006) p. 253-272

 

Index:

Metcalf, David Michael 1933-

Title:

The new bronze coinage of Theophilus and the growth of the Balkan themes / [D.M. Metcalf]

Source:

American Numismatic Society Museum Notes 10 (1962) p. 81-98, pl. 17-22

 

Index:

Metcalf, David Michael 1933-

Title:

A shipwreck on the Dalmatian coast and some gold coins of Romanus III Argyrus / Michael Metcalf

Source:

Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies 3 (1960) 2-3 p. 101-106

Abstract:

Finds of Byzantine gold coins in Dalmatia are few, except for coins of of Romanus III (1028-1034): these probably derive from the reported seizure of a gold shipment by Stefan Voislav in 1040.

 

Index:

Mirnik, Ivan 1942-

Title:

Skupni nalaz bizantskog brončanog novca 6.stoljeća iz Kaštel Starog / Ivan Mirnik

Source:

Vjesnik Arheološkog Muzeja u Zagrebu 3. s. 9 (1975) 1 (Veljača) p. 161-166, pl. 1

 

Index:

Mirnik, Ivan 1942-

Title:

Skupni nalazi novca iz Hrvatske. I: Skupni nalaz novca iz 12. stoljeća u Dalmaciji / Ivan Mirnik

Source:

Vjesnik Arheološkog Muzeja u Zagrebu 3. s. 14 (1982) 1 (Siječanj) p. 97-133, pls. 1-6

 

Index:

Mirnik, Ivan 1942-

Title:

Skupni nalazi novca iz Hrvatske. IX: Skupni nalaz Heraklijevih zlatnika iz Zrmanje / Ivan Mirnik

Source:

Vjesnik Arheološkog Muzeja u Zagrebu 3. s. 23 (1990) 1 (Rujan) p. 163-171

 

Index:

Morrisson, Cécile 1940-

Title:

La fin de l'Antiquité dans les Balkans à la lumière des trésors monétaires des VIe et VIIe siècles / par Cécile Morrisson

Source:

Comptes-rendus des Séances de l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres 131 (2007) p. 661-684

 

Index:

Oberländer-Târnoveanu, Ernest

Title:

'Immo verius sub ducati Venetiarum communis proprio stigmate' : a question des émissions d'or de Francesco Ier Gattilusio, seigneur de Metelino (1355-1384) / Ernest Oberländer-Târnoveanu

Source:

Revue Numismatique 160 (2004) p. 223-240

Abstract:

The author is publishing a ducat from the Dudaçu Schelei hoard (Drobeta-Turnu Severin, Mehedinti County, Romania), found in the area of the Iron Gates of the Danube. The coin bears on the reverse the inscription: FRANCISCVS: - ens - •meteLlnl» and was attributed to Francesco I Gattilusio, Lord of Metelino (1355-1384). Although inspired by the design of the Venetian ducats, the coins of the Lord of Metelino had enough distinctive features, such as the Greek inscription of the obverse, the name and the title of the issuer, as well as hisportrait in military attire, for them to be distinguished from contemporary Venetian issues. Very probably the ducats, as well as the gigliati and the basilica of Francesco I with bilingual inscriptions mentioning the name of the Byzantine Emperor John V Palaeologus, were struck in very limited numbers, in 1355, or soon after, for propagandistic purposes. Their aim was not to obtain illegal gains by forging the coinage of the Serenissima, as the Venetians asserted, but to emphasize the role played by Francesco Gattilusio in the re-establishment of John V on the Byzantine throne and his promotion as a member of the imperial family.

 

Index:

Oberländer-Târnoveanu, Ernest

Title:

La monnaie byzantine des VIe-VIIIe siècles au-delà de la frontière du Bas-Danube : entre politique, économie et diffusion culturelle / Ernest Oberländer-Târnoveanu

Source:

Histoire & Mesure 17 (2002) 3-4 p. 155-196

Abstract:

La diffusion des monnaies des vie-viiie siècles au-delà de la frontière du Bas-Danube met en évidence quelques tendances spécifiques, dont la plus importante reste la surreprésentation des monnaies de bronze dans une région considérée comme faisant partie du Barbaricum. L’auteur souligne l’importance des facteurs politiques dans la diffusion des bronzes, non seulement dans les zones proches des têtes de pont d’Olténie du Sud (Petite-Valachie) et du Banat, mais aussi dans les territoires de Valachie, Moldavie et de Bessarabie, plus éloignés du Danube. Les nombreuses découvertes de monnaies d’or dans les zones contrôlées par les Avars durant le premier quart du viie siècle ainsi que celles des trésors de monnaies d’argent (hexagrammes) de la seconde moitié du siècle en Olténie, Valachie et Moldavie du Sud relèvent aussi du domaine des relations politiques. Dans certains cas, la diffusion des petites monnaies de bronze au sein de la population rurale, peut être mise en relation avec les fréquents déplacements transfrontaliers mais aussi avec le besoin de métal, à une époque où il entrait dans la fabrication de nombreux objets.

 

Index:

Oberländer-Târnoveanu, Ernest

Title:

La monnaie dans l'espace rural byzantin des Balkans orientaux : un essai de synthèse au commencement du XXIe siècle / par Ernesy Oberländer-Târnoveanu

Source:

Peuce. Ser. nouă 1 (2003) p. 341-412

 

Index:

Papadopoulou, Pagona

Title:

Tétartèra d'imitation du XIIIe siècle : à propos du trésor de Durrës (Albanie) / Pagona Papadopoulou

Source:

Revue Numismatique 161 (2005) p. 145-162, pls. 13-14

Abstract:

Le trésor découvert à Durrës (Albanie) était longtemps considéré comme contenant des monnaies de cuivre d'Alexis Ier Comnène. Une étude plus détaillée de son contenu et de monnaies pareilles provenant de Grèce a démontré qu'il contient en effet des tétartèra d'imitation datant du début du XIIIe siècle, probablement émis par les Vénitiens à Corinthe.

 

Index:

Papadopoulou, Pagona

Title:

Un trésor monétaire de trachéa de billon du XIIe siècle provenant de Butrint (Albanie) / Pagona Papadopoulou

Source:

XIII Congreso Internacional de Numismática, Madrid, 2003 : actas = proceedings = actes. II / ed. por Carmen Alfaro, Carmen Marcos y Paloma Otero. - Madrid : Ministerio de Cultura, Subdirección General de Publicaciones, Información y Documentación, 2005. - P. 1231-1236

 

Index:

Salamon, Maciej 1946-

Title:

Byzantine coins from the 6th and the 7th century found in Poland and their East-Central European context / M. Salamon, M. Woloszyn

Note:

Paper: XIV International Economic History Congress, Helsinki 2006

 

Index:

Šeparović, Tomislav

Title:

Coin finds of Emperor Constantine V Copronymus in southern Croatia / Tomislav Šeparović

Source:

Byzantine coins in Central Europe between the 5th and 10th century / ed. by Marcin Woloszyn. - Kraków : Polska Akademia Umiejętności, 2009. - (Moravia magna. Ser. Polona ; 3). - P. 553-560

Abstract:

The paper publishes some informations about the finds of golden coins (golden solidus) of Byzantine emperor Constantine V Copronymus in southern Croatia. By their features the coins belong to the same coin type mint in the period 760–775 in the mint of Syracuse, particulary actively in the second half of the 8th century. The obverse of these coins depicts the busts of Constantine V and his son Leo IV en face, whereas the reverse depicts the bust of Leo III, the Constantine's father. Croatian museums keep numerous coins of this type. Their multitude in the area between the Zrmanja and the Cetina rivers, the time and the reasons of their arrival here and their function as grave contributions, especially as related to dating of graves at the important old-Croatian site Biskupija near Knin, made them topics of scientific discussions over a long period of time. It appears that their presence in the southern Croatia may be explained by the common political situation prevailing in the second half of the 8th century. This is the time following the fall of the Exarchate of Ravenna, when Dalmatian towns remained the scarce Byzantine strongholds at the Adriatic, besides Venice, wherefore Byzant tried to secure them by giving large quantities of gold coins to the Croats in their back, for the case that Byzant is to employ militarily against the strengthening Frank state. The Croatian ruling stratum, not familiar with monetary economy and still undergoing Christianisation, for several decades utilised the received gold coins as valuables only. Some of the coins were placed, with other objects, into graves, and some have probably been cast into jewellery.

 

Index:

Valeriev, Ioto

Title:

The treasure of golden Byzantine coins from Professor Ishirkovo, Silistra region / Ioto Valeriev

Source:

Pontica 42 (2009) p. 654-662

Abstract:

The author discusses the discovery circumstances in Professor Ishirkovo village, Silistra region, of a Byzantine coins hoard from the 11th century, of which only 22 pieces are known. Some specialists’ opinion, establishing a link between the existence of the hoard and the medieval settlement in the discovery place neighborhood, is contested. In 1087 the Emperor Alexios I Comnenos decided to start a campaign against the Petchenegs from Durostorum. The battles had an evil outcome for the Byzantine army and the author considers that as a consequence of this defeat, an officer hid the coins during the Byzantines’ retreat. The author reminds, as to argue his opinion, that other hoards are also known from the same area, dated to the period previous to the Byzantine campaign against the Petchenegs too.

 

Index:

Vîlcu, Aurel

Title:

Monede de aur bizantine descoperite la Nufăru (jud. Tulcea) / Aurel Vîlcu, Aurel Daniel Stănică

Source:

Pontica 44 (2011) p. 503-513, pl. 1