03. Emperors

Index:

Bendall, Simon

Title:

The coinage of Constantine XI / Simon Bendall

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 33 (1991) p. 134-142, pl. 13-17

Abstract:

In the light of a hoard of 158 silver Palaeologan coins, from John V (1354- 1391) to 1453, the author discusses the complete coinage of the last Byzantine emperor, Constantine XI (1448-1453). The existence of this coinage was known from literary sources but the first coin did not appear on the market until 1974. This hoard adds five half-sta vrata to the two previously known and reveals 35 stavrata and 50 1/8 stavrata which were previously unpublished. A die study indicates a considerably larger issue than is apparent from the present rarity of the coins which can be explained by the sudden end to their circulation.

 

Index:

Bendall, Simon

Title:

The first Constantinopolitan solidus of Heraclius and Heraclius Constantine / Simon Bendall

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 157 (Februar 1990) p. 6-7

 

Index:

Bendall, Simon

Title:

Hyperpyra of Andronikos II and Michael IX with transposed effigies / Simon Bendall

Source:

Revue Numismatique 150 (1995) p. 127-132, pl. 7-13

Abstract:

A hoard of 293 coins, acquired in 1989, contains 289 of the « bare-head » deniers (Schlumberger, plate 2, 20) which are attributed to Prince Bohémond III of Antioch (1149-1201). The hoard belongs late in the sequence of the « bare-heads » type, perhaps c. 1 160, for it contains a relatively high proportion of the latest varieties, E and F (previously designated El and E2). The autors discuss the significance of the crescent mark superimposed on the neck of the portrait. They suggest that it may mark a regency. The hoard shows that variety F is of exceptionally light weight, but that the flans are relatively accurately adjusted.

 

Index:

Bendall, Simon

Title:

A new anonymous Constantinian copper coin / Simon Bendall

Source:

Revue Numismatique 162 (2006) p. 273-275

Abstract:

In his article in the RN for 2002, the writer related some of the anonymous silver coins of the 4th-6th c. with similar bronze issues. The appearance of a second specimen of the unique Star/Wreath but of a heavier standard similar to that of the rare Star/O C S C type prompts a reflection on the sequence of this series probably issued in 330 before the more common one of Populus Romanus.

 

Index:

Breckenridge, James D. 1926-1982

Title:

The numismatic iconography of Justinian II (685-695, 705-711 A.D.) / by James D. Breckenridge

Series:

Numismatic notes and monographs ; no. 144

Published:

New York : American Numismatic Society, 1959

 

Index:

Campagnolo-Pothitou, Maria

Title:

Deux monnaies byzantines rares et inédites : des 'tremisses' de Michel III (842-867) / Maria Campagnolo-Pothitou

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 237 (März 2010) p. 18-24

 

Index:

Foss, Clive

Title:

Emperors named Constantine / Clive Foss

Source:

Revue Numismatique 161 (2005) p. 93-102

Abstract:

The Byzantine habit of naming emperors and members of their family Constantine has been a constant source of confusion for numismatists and historians. Although scholars have long accepted that there were eleven of that name, a closer look reveals that there were actually twenty two Constantines, including children and relatives who never held independent power. Eliminating those would reduce the list to fourteen who actually reigned, but it seems unlikely that the accepted practice can be changed without introducing more confusion.

 

Index:

Füeg, Franz

Title:

Zu einem Solidus des Konstantin VI, 780-797 / Franz Füeg

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 117 (Februar 1980) p. 8-9

 

Index:

Francisco Olmos, José María de 1964-

Title:

Los inicios de la moneda dinástica en el Imperio Bizantino : la Casa de Justino y los Heráclidas = The beginning of dinastic [i.e. dynastic] coins in the Byzantin Empire : the House of Justin and the Heraclids / José María de Francisco Olmos

Source:

Documenta & Instrumenta 7 (2009) p. 123-147

Abstract:

In this item we will go through the question of throne succession in the Byzantine Empire during the 6th and 7th centuries, and how the emperors of Justin’s House tried to impose a dynastic succession in an Empire that theoretically was ruled by the Divine Providence, of which coins were a mean of manifestation. The coin, as official document, showed the regulated succession by means of the election of a co-emperor, who was not simply the designed heir, but that through his ap-pearance in the coins was shown as the guaranty of a peaceful succes-sion to the throne after the death of the senior Emperor. The Heraclids took a step forward in the achievement of a familiar government, and in their coins not only the designed heir is shown, but also other members of the imperial family, as well co-emperors as cesars.

 

Index:

Geiger, Hans-Ulrich 1937-

Title:

Neues zur Münzprägung der Palaiologenzeit : Michael VIII., Andronikos II., Matthaios, Johannes V. und Anna, F. Gattilusio / Hans-Ulrich Geiger, Franz Füeg

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 217 (März 2005) p. 3-13

 

Index:

Hendy, Michael F.

Title:

A billon trachy of John Ducas, emperor, and John Comnenus-Ducas, despot (?) / Michael Hendy and Simon Bendall

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 6 (1970) p. 143-148

 

Index:

Horsnæs, Helle Winge

Title:

Theophilos' coin: treasure and image / Helle  Horsnæs

Source:

The world in the Viking Age / ed. by Søren M. Sindbæk & Athena Trakadas. - Roskilde : The Viking Ship Museum in Roskilde, 2014. - P. 90-91

 

Index:

Kotsis, Kriszta

Title:

Defining female authority in eighth-century Byzantium : the numismatic images of the empress Irene (797-802)

Source:

Journal of Late Antiquity 5 (2012) 1 (Spring) p. 185-215

Abstract:

This study off ers insight into the complex processes through which an unusual ruler, the empress Irene, articulated her authority in visual terms. An examination of the numismatic iconography of her gold coins demonstrates how the public imagery of this female ruler was crafted by carefully joining together a wide network of associations that draw extensively on both male and female imperial predecessors and fi gures of religious authority. It is suggested that while remaining within the narrow confi nes of eighth century numismatic style and iconography, Irene’s coinage presents her both as a reigning monarch and a personifi cation of her most important imperial accomplishment, religious peace. Furthermore, the imagery also conveys a novel iconophile message and casts the empress as an orthodox and philanthropic ruler.

 

Index:

Lianta, Eleni

Title:

John II Comnenus (1118-43) or John III Vatatzes (1222-54)? : (distinguishing the Hyperpyra of John II from those of John III) / Eleni Lianta

Source:

Numismatic Chronicle 166 (2006) p. 269-299, pl. 39-56

 

Index:

Matagne, Chanoine Léon 1908-2005

Title:

La succession d'Héraclius / Chanoine Léon Matagne

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 122 (1976) p. 87-96, pl. 6-7

 

Index:

Matagne, Chanoine Léon 1908-2005

Title:

Le numéraire d'Héraclius / Léon Matagne 

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 118 (1972) p. 93-108, pl. 9-10

 

Index:

Metcalf, David Michael 1933-

Title:

Questions of style and detail in Byzantine numismatics / Michael Metcalf

Source:

Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies 3 (1960) 4 p. 203-214, pl. 10-12

Abstract:

Hoard evidence and stylistic assessment support attribution of a number of gold issues to the Nicene emperor John III (1222-1254).

 

Index:

Morrisson, Cécile 1940-

Title:

L'Augusta sur le monnaies d'Héraclius, Eudocie ou Martine ? / Cécile Morrisson

Source:

Revue Numismatique 152 (1997) p. 453-456

 

Index:

Morrisson, Cécile 1940-

Title:

La numismatique des Paléologues : à propos de deux ouvrages récents / Cécile Morrisson

Source:

Revue des Etudes Byzantines 39 (1981) p. 319-323

 

Index:

Olbrich, Christian

Title:

Ein Tremissis Leo III (717-741) enthüllt seine Herkunft / Christian Olbrich

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 208 (Dezember 2002) p. 61-62

 

Index:

Penna, Vasiliki

Title:

Reassessing the gold coinage of Basil I : the testimony of an unknown Byzantine 'pattern' coin / by Vasiliki Penna

Source:

Mélanges Cécile Morrisson. - Paris : Association des Amis du Centre d'Histoire et Civilisation de Byzance, 2010. - (Travaux et mémoires / Collège de France, Centre de Recherche d'Histoire et Civilisation de Byzance ; 16). - P. 663-673   

 

Index:

Pinder, Moritz Eduard 1807-1871

Title:

Die Münzen Justinians / von M. Pinder und J. Friedlaender

Published:

Berlin : in der Nicolaischen Buchhandlung, 1843

 

Index:

Pottier, Henri 1933-

Title:

Deux folles d'Héraclius et Héraclius Constantin datés des années XII et XIIII / Henri Pottier

Source:

Bulletin du Cercle d'Etudes Numismatiques 14 (1977) 3 p. 51-59

 

Index:

Royo Martinez, Maria del Mar

Title:

El emperador Juliano II y el programa iconográfico de sus monedas = The emperor Julian II and the iconographic program of his coinage / Maria del Mar Royo Martinez

Source:

Documenta & Instrumenta 7 ( 2009) p. 161-188

 

Index:

Schindel, Nikolaus 1973-

Title:

Zur Minimus-Prägung des Kaisers Anastasius I / Nikolaus Schindel

Source:

Jahrbuch für Numismatik und Geldgeschichte 61 (2011) p. 109–130

 

Index:

Sommer, Andreas Urs 1972-

Title:

Ein neuer Solidus des Constantinus IV. Pogonatus (668-685) : Überlegungen zur Datierung / Andreas U. Sommer

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 171 (August 1993) p. 56-60

 

Index:

Sommer, Andreas Urs 1972-

Title:

Nicephorus Bryennius, Nicephorus Basilacius oder Nicephorus III. Botaniates? : ein unedierter Follistyp von ca. 1077-1081 / Andreas U. Sommer

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 157 (Februar 1990) p. 8-12

 

Index:      

Sommer, Andreas Urs 1972-

Title:

Ein unedierter Tremissis des Phokas (602-610 n. Chr.) / Andreas U. Sommer

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 152 (November 1988) p. 108-109

 

Index:

Sommer, Andreas Urs 1972-

Title:

Ein weiterer neuer Tremissistyp des Phokas (602-610 n. Chr.) / Andreas U. Sommer

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 161 (Februar 1991) p. 6-7

 

Index:

Speck, Paul

Title:

Epiphania et Martine sur les monnaies d'Héraclius / Paul Speck

Source:

Revue Numismatique 152 (1997) p. 457-465

 

Index:

Zuckerman, Constantin

Title:

La petite Augusta et le Turc : Epiphania-Eudocie sur les monnaies d'Héraclius / Constantin Zuckerman

Source:

Revue Numismatique 150 (1995) p. 113-126