23. Central Europe & Balkans

Index:

Alföldi, Andreas 1895-1981

Title:

Il tesoro di Nagytétény / [Andrea Alföldi]

Source:

Rivista Italiana di Numismatica 35 (1921) p. 113-190

 

Index:

Bakos, Miklós

Title:

Römische Münzfunde im Esztergom (Gran/Ungarn) im 18. Jahrhundert / Miklös Bakos

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 179-180 (Dezember 1885) p. 52-64

 

Index:

Bekić, Luka

Title:

Numizmatički nalazi iz uvale Veštar / Luka Bekić

Source:

Vjesnik Arheološkog Muzeja u Zagrebu 3. s. 45 (2013) 1 (Svibanj) p. 69-91

Abstract:

The well-protected Veštar Bay is located to the south of the town of Rovinj, on the western coast of Istria. On some topographic maps and some old maps it is marked as Veštar Port or Porto Vestre. The bay has earned this name by being well-protected from strong winds – the bora (north-easterly) and jugo (south-easterly), and also due to the fact that it was traditionally used as a port. The very meagre ancient written sources mention this locality under the name of Vistrum. Until recently, not much had been written about the importance of Veštar as an archaeological site, nor as a port which had played a significant role throughout history, but the situation has changed significantly with the explorations carried out in the past ten years. The archaeological excavations performed in Veštar for several years, and this numismatic analysis, suggest that a Roman villa rustica developed in the bay in the late 1st c. BC. For the purpose of this estate, a long stone pier was built on the southern side of the bay. The pier was in use during the 1st and 2nd centuries, which has been attested to by excavations and numerous finds from the period in Roman sea-bottom layers. On the southern side of the bay, there are numerous, and yet unexplored, remains of architecture, probably belonging to the residential and other estate buildings of the period. At that time, residents were buried on the southern promontory, and remains of incineration graves and accompanying finds, especially coins, can occasionally be found there. In addition to the numismatic finds presented in this paper, the period between the 3rd and the 5th centuries is also documented in numerous pottery and glass finds discovered both on shore and under water, in the bay. The Roman graves on the southern shore, excavated in 1991 by Damir Matošević, originate from the same period. In late antiquity, probably in the middle of the 4th century, an important settlement developed at the location of the former villa. Finds from the 6th and 7th centuries are particularly important: in addition to the two bronze coins described here, they include a number of pottery and metal finds discovered on the shore. It is worth mentioning that, to date, many more finds from late antiquity and the Byzantine period have been found on the southern shore, on land, than from the early imperial period. This is also demonstrated by this catalogue of coins, but the only pier investigated thus far on the southern side of the bay has been dated to a period ending in the middle of the 2nd century. This means that, between the 3rd and 7th c., ships landed somewhere else within Veštar Bay. The field survey has indicated two additional possible locations of piers, and those positions will be investigated by further archaeological excavations. Recent exploration has provided us with a better understanding of the time and intensity of use of Veštar Bay as a port, and future exploration will focus particularly on the later periods of this site. This paper presents numismatic finds from Veštar Bay, discovered in the last few decades. The coins were found mostly on the sea shore, together with other archaeological artefacts, washed from the earth bank. Many building foundations are visible in the shore earth, and various other finds can also be seen there, such as pottery and metal objects dating from the period between the 1st and 7th centuries. Underwater archaeological excavations have been conducted on this site since 2008, and the numismatic finds presented here have been used in the analysis of results of the exploration carried out to date.

 

Index:

Bilić, Tomislav

Title:

Coin circulation 3rd century BC-AD 193 / Tomislav Bilić

Source:

The archaeology of Roman southern Pannonia : the state of research and selected problems in the Croatian part of the Roman province of Pannonia / ed. by Branka Migotti. - Oxford : Archaeopress, 2012. - (BAR  International series ; 2393). - P. 359-388

 

Index:

Bilić, Tomislav

Title:

Skupni nalazi novca iz Hrvatske. XVI: Skupni nalaz antoninijana iz Gornjeg Taborišta / Tomislav Bilić

Source:

Vjesnik Arheološkog Muzeja u Zagrebu 3. s. 41 (2008) 1 (Lipanj)

Abstract:

In June 2007 Z. Boti} of Zagreb residence sold to the Archaeological Museum in Zagreb 34 specimens of Roman 3rd-c. silver coins, which he had found on his farm in Gornje Tabori{te, between the communities of Pokupsko and Glina. Coins have been inadequately treated and therefore somewhat suffered in quality. Evidently only a part of the hoard arrived to the Museum, which is evident by a large gap between the earliest coin, that of Iulia Domna, and the first succeeding piece, that of Gordianus III. Among the specimens that arrived to the Museum were also coins of the Philippi, Trajanus Decius, Volusianus, Aemilianus, Valerianus I, Gallienus, Salonina, Saloninus, and, finally, Claudius II. It is hard to date the hoard in the reign of Claudius, because the latest coin among the 34 is the one most damaged. Therefore, we are inclined not to date this Antoniniani-hoard more precisely than the last quarter of the third century.

 

Index:

Borić-Brešković, Bojana

Title:

Roman antoniniani from the village of Supska near Ćuprija (Supska I) / Bojana Borić-Brešković, Sonja Stamenković

Source:

Numizmatičar 26-27 (2003-2004) p. 157-207

Abstract:

The find from Supska, the village near Ćuprija (Horreum Margi) was purchased by the National Museum in Belgrade directly from the finder. It is a part of a larger hoard and contains 115 Roman antoniniani, ranging from Gordian III to Gallienus (joint rule with Valerian I). Terminus post quem for its burial is provided by an antoninianus of Gallienus, from the 3rd issue by the Viminacium mint in 254, associating it with several hoards from the same horizon in the region of the former province of Upper Moesia (Belgrade, Smederevo, Vlajića Brdo I in Smederevska Palanka, Gornje Štiplje near Jagodina, Sikirica II near Paraćin, Parcane and Jablanica near Kruševac and Bujkovac near Vranjska Banja) and Dalmatia (Dvorska near Krupanj), and also with a hoard from an unknown site. The reason for the storage of antoniniani from Supska, and other hoards from this horizon, which were the most densely concentrated along the fertile Morava valley, can be traced to an incursion of the Sarmatian tribe of Iazyges. Although the real cause continues to be in the realm of speculation, some of the possible causes might have been the activities of latrones, a plague epidemic, persecutions of Christians, or all of these causes combined.

 

Index:

Brenot, Claude

Title:

Études de numismatique Danubienne : trésors, lingots, imitations, monnaies de fouilles IVe au XIIe siècle / par Cl. Brenot ... [et al.] ; avec une préf. de V. Kondic et une introd. de J.-P. Callu ; éd. par Noël Duval et Vladislas [i.e. Vladislav] Popovic

Series:

Sirmium ; 8

Published:

Rome : École Française de Rome, 1978

 

Index:

Čargo, Boris

Title:

Skupni nalaz rimskoga carskog novca iz Isse / Boris Čargo

Source:

Vjesnik za arheologiju i povijest dalmatinsku 99 (2006) p. 171-194

 

Index:

Chameroy, Jérémie

Title:

Comment les monnaies romaines étaient-elles exportées sous l'Empire? : l'exemple du moyen Danube / Jérémie Chameroy

Source:

Histoire & Mesure 17 (2002) 3-4 p. 43-78

Abstract:

The recent discoveries of Roman coins beyond the mid-Danube have given rise for some time to various hypotheses regarding their mode of exportation to Northern European people. The question is addressed answer here in order to shed interpretative light, whether political or economic, on the coins found in Barbaricum. An analysis of denier composition (treasuries and isolated discoveries) found on eitherside of the Danube Limes suggests that most of the silver money was exportated in mass (as imperial grants to tribes), whereas merchant exchange does not seem to have stimulated a brisk circulation between the Empire and the Barbarians.

 

Index:

Demo, Željko

Title:

Another tremissis from the Salonitan mint of Iulius Nepos / Željko Demo

Source:

Illyrica antiqua : ob honorem Duje Rendić-Miočević : radovi s međunarodnoga skupa o problemima antičke arheologije, Zagreb, 6.-8.XI.2003 / [editor-in-chief Mirjana Sanader]. - Zagreb : Odsjek za arheologiju Filozofski fakultet Sveuciliste u Zagrebu : Arheoloski muzej u Zagrebu, 2005. - P. 187-194

Abstract:

The author attributes a tremissis of the emperor Nepos from the collection of the Museum of Croatian Archaeological Monuments in Split to the mint in Salona. Attention is also drawn to similar examples and their frequent presence among the gold coins of Nepos gathered in museum collections in Croatia, Slovenia, and Bosnia and Herzegovina. The existence of five groups of Salonitan dies is noted (I-V), and the mutual connections or die links of many of the tremisses known to date from Nepos' mint in Salona are of particular numismatic importance.

 

Index:

Demo, Željko

Title:

Einige Beispiele für die Nachahmung antiker Münzen auf der Grundlage von Münzfunden im Slawonische-Syrmischen Raum / Željko Demo

Source:

Vjesnik Arheološkog Muzeja u Zagrebu 3. s. 15 (1993) 1 p. 211-250

Abstract:

The article discusses various forms of the imitation of Roman coins from the 1st to the 4th centuries AD discovered in the southern Pannonian, region, particularly in the Slavonia-Syrmia area. The list of numismatic material includes mostly individual finds and a rare example of a horad of barbarized imitations – all gathered for the numismatic collection of the Archaeological Museum in Zagreb. The political and economic conditions are analyzed that led to various forms of imitating the official imperial coinage. From this viewpoint, it was possible to differentiate the monetary influences that occurred in the southern Pannonian area as a product of political turmoil or economic crises in other provincial areas of the Empire, at the same time emphasizing those that had their origin in the Pannonian and broader Danubian basin region.

 

Index:

Demo, Željko

Title:

The mint in Salona : Nepos and Ovida (474-481/2) / Željko Demo

Source:

Studia numismatica Labacensia : Alexandro Jeločnik oblata / ed. Peter Kos, Želkjo Demo. -  Ljubljana : Narodni Muzej, 1988. - P. 247-270

 

Index:

Demo, Željko

Title:

Münzfunde aus der Zeit Gallienus in Gebiet zwischen den Flüssen Sava und Drava : (ein Beitrag zur militärpolitischen, ökonomischen und wirtschaftlich-monetären Geschichte des südlichen Pannonien um die Mitte des 3. Jh. n. Ch.) / Željko Demo

Source:

Arheološki Vestnik 33 (1982) p. 258-498,  pl. 1-22

 

Index:

Demo, Željko

Title:

O skupnom nalazu antoninijana Galijenova vremena iz Imbriovca / Željko Demo

Source:

Podravski Zbornik 79 (1979) p. 157-185

 

Index:

Demo, Željko

Title:

Skupni nalaz novca i nakita 3. st. iz Bušetine kod Virovitice / Željko Demo

Source:

Podravski Zbornik 81 (1981) p. 214-227

 

Index:

Doyen, Jean-Marc 1954-

Title:

Un antoninien inédit de Probus (Serdica, 277 après J.-C.) / Jean-Marc Doyen

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 143 (August 1986) p. 66-67

 

Index:

Doyen, Jean-Marc 1954-

Title:

La chronologie des premières émissions de Valérien I et Gallien à Viminacium : à propos d’un bronze inédit / Jean-Marc Doyen

Source:

Studia numismatica Labacensia : Alexandro Jeločnik oblata / ed. Peter Kos, Željko Demo. - Ljubljana : Narodni Muzej, 1988. - (Situla ; 26). - P. 43-52

 

Index:

Doyen, Jean-Marc 1954-

Title:

Un trésor de bronzes constantiniens découvert en Yougoslavie / Jean-Marc Doyen

Source:

Bulletin du Cercle d’Etudes Numismatiques 22 (1985) 2 p. 29-34 ; 22 (1985) 4 p. 77-84

 

Index:

Dukat, Zdenka

Title:

Nekoliko značajnih kovova prve tetrarhije u Arheološkome muzeju u Zagrebu / Zdenka Dukat, Ivan Mirnik

Source:

Vjesnik Arheološkog Muzeja u Zagrebu 3. s. 22 (1989) 1 (Studeni) p. 77-90

 

Index:

Găzdac, Cristian Anton 1970-

Title:

Centre and periphery : the Roman monetary policy regarding the Lower Danube provinces at the mid 3rd Century AD / Cristian Găzdac

Source:

Centru şi periferie : ucrările colocviului naţional, Bistriţa, 23-25 aprilie 2004 / coordonatori: Corneliu Gaiu, Horatiu Bodale. - Cluj-Napoca : Accent, 2004. - P. 299-306

 

Index:

Gjongecaj, Shpresa

Title:

Le trésor de Byllis / Shpresa Gjongecaj

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 145 (1999) p. 165-172, pl. 17-19

 

Index:

Guest, Peter

Title:

Coin circulation in the Balkans in late antiquity / P. Guest

Source:

The transition to late antiquity on the Danube and beyond / ed. by A.G. Poulte. -  Oxford : Oxford University Press for the British Academy 2007. – (Proceedings of the British Academy ; 141). - p. 295-308

Abstract:

The archaeological work undertaken on late Roman and early Byzantine sites in the Balkans has revolutionized our knowledge of this part of the world in late antiquity. How these sites are dated is obviously important as, without accurate and reliable dating, it is difficult to understand how they fit into the wider historical narrative. This paper takes the coins excavated at Dichin as its starting point and, by careful analysis, proposes a general dating scheme for the two phases of occupation at the settlement. The lack of coins struck during the years 474–518 is a notable feature of the assemblage from Dichin, a pattern that is repeated at most sites in the region where coins of the emperor Zeno are particularly rare. In the past this gap in a site’s list of coins has been interpreted as evidence for the abandonment of a settlement or its occupation by a non-Roman population. However, by looking at both site finds and hoards from the region, this paper proposes that these explanations need revising as they are based on a numismatic mirage rather than archaeological fact.

 

Index:

Gysen, Philippe

Title:

Nouvelles données concernant l’atelier de Serdica sous le règne de Probus / Philippe Gysen

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 146 (2000) p. 15-29, pl. 1

 

Index:

Hollard, Dominique 1957-

Title:

Aurélien, Tacite et Florien : monnaies inédites ou rares pour Serdica ; Un antoninien d'Aurélien à cuirasse ornée à l'atelier de Siscia / Hollard (Dominique)

Source:

Bulletin de la Société Française de Numismatique 64 (2009) 7 (septembre) p. 162-167

 

Index:

Hollard, Dominique 1957-

Title:

RESTITVTOR SAECVLI : un nouveau type monétaire frappé à Siscia pour Aurélien / par Dominique Hollard

Source:

Cahiers Numismatiques 174 (décembre 2007) p. 19-20

 

Index:

Ilakovac, Boris

Title:

The 1968 'Aenona' hoard / Boris Ilakovac and Ivan Mirnik

Published:

[London : Royal Numismatic Society, 1984]

Note:

Offprint from: Numismatic Chronicle 144 (1984) p. 25-28, pl. 4-8

 

Index:

Ilkić, Mato

Title:

Dvije rijetke vrste rimskog carskog novca s područja antičke Liburnije / Mato Ilkić, Martina Čelhar

Source:

Vjesnik Arheološkog Muzeja u Zagrebu 3. s. 40 (2007) 1 (Studeni) p. 333-338

 

Index:

Ilkić, Mato

Title:

Nalazi rimskog novca iz Pakoštana / Mato Ilkić, Marko Meštrov

Source:

Vjesnik Arheološkog Muzeja u Zagrebu 3. s. 40 (2007) 1 (Studeni) p. 339-346

 

Index:

Ivanišević, Vujadin

Title:

New data on monetary circulation in northern Illyricum in the fifth century / Vujadin Ivanišević and Sonja Stamenković

Source:

Proceedings of the XIVth International Numismatic Congress, Glasgow 2009. I / ed. by Nicholas Holmes. - Glasgow : [International Numismatic Council]. 2011. – P. 757-763, pl. 1

 

Index:

Juhász, Lajos

Title:

Die Pannonia-Münze des Aelius Caesar im Spiegel der Nachfolgepolitik Hadrians / L. Juhász

Source:

Acta Archaeologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 63 (2012) p. 367-380

 

Index:

Juhász, Lajos

Title:

The reverse types from the local mint of Viminacium : an iconographic analysis / Lajos Juhász

Source:

Numizmatikai Közlöny 106–107 (2009–2010) p. 23-44

Abstract:

Pannonia province’s first securely identified personification is found on one of Aelius Caesar’s coin reverses, minted in 137. A.D. Its occurrence can be explained with that he was the newly designated heir to the throne, who was sent to govern both Pannonia Inferior and Superior. Its iconography that is based on Hadrian’s Concordia exercituum coin from 119–120/121, has a clear message, which calls upon the inhabitants of the empire and especially the soldiers to swear allegiance and loyalty to the new heir. It is interesting to see that both Trajan and Hadrian were in command of a large number of troops, when they came to power, just like Aelius. Putting the designated heir in charge of a considerable military strength was a well working way to secure that the throne was passed on to whom it was intended to. Pannonia’s further importance lay in its strategic geographical position, because it was a territory that was in charge of a large army, but was also located closest to Rome.

 

Index:

Kos, Peter 1950-

Title:

Festive issues of Galerius from the tetrarchic mint of Siscia / Peter Kos

Source:

American Journal of Numismatics. 2nd ser. 5-6 (1993-1994) p. 89-96, pl. 10

 

Index:

Margetić, Davor

Title:

'Praesidia reipvblic' and the last emission of antoniniani at the mint of Siscia / Davor Margetić

Source:

Vjesnik Arheološkog Muzeja u Zagrebu 45 (2013) 1 (Svibanj ) p. 359-368

Abstract:

Some questions on the last emissions of antoniniani of the Siscia mint are discussed in the light of several unrecorded tetrarchic types with PRAESIDIA REIPVBLIC reverse. An entirely new type with this legend is described for Diocletian, Constantius and Galerius.

 

Index:

Marović, Ivan

Title:

Novac Romana III. Argira u Arheološkome muzeju u Splitu / Ivan Marović

Source:

Vjesnik za Arheologiju i Povijest Dalmatinsku 99 (2006) p. 275-297

 

Index:

Maurice, Jules 1859-1939

Title:

Classification chronologique des émissions monétaires de l'atelier de Siscia pendant la période constantinienne / [Jules Maurice]

Source:

Numismatic Chronicle 3rd ser. 20 (1900) p. 297-362, pls. 15-16

 

Index:

Mirnik, Ivan 1942-

Title:

Die antiken Fundmünzen aus Kroatien : Überblick über die jüngere Forschungsgeschichte / [Ivan Mirnik]

Source:

Die Fundmünzen der Römischen Zeit in Kroatien / hrsg. von Maria R.-Alföldi, Hans-Markus von Kaenel und Ivan Mirnik. Abt. XVIII: Istrien / Alenka Miškec. - Mainz am Rhein : Von Zabern, 2002. - P. 9-17

 

Index:

Mirnik, Ivan 1942-

Title:

Circulation of North African etc. currency in Illyricum / Ivan Mirnik

Published:

Ljubljana : Slovenska Akademia Znanosti in Umetnosti, 1987

Note:

Offprint from: Arheološki Vestnik 38 (1987) p. 369-392

 

Index:

Mirnik, Ivan 1942-

Title:

Der Schatzfund von Rakovac / Ivan Mirnik

Source:

Annotazioni Numismatiche 12 (Dicembre 1993) p. 239-242

 

Index:

Mirnik, Ivan 1942-

Title:

Skupni nalazi novca iz Hrvatske. III: Skupni nalaz afričkog brončanog novca i aes rude iz Štikade / Ivan Mirnik

Source:

Vjesnik Arheološkog Muzeja u Zagrebu 3. s. 15 (1983) 1 (Srpanj) p. 149-167, pl. 1-6

 

Index:

Mirnik, Ivan 1942-

Title:

Skupi nalazi novca iz Hrvatske. V: Ostava iz Gračaca iz godine 1926 / Ivan Mirnik

Source:

Vjesnik Arheološkog Muzeja u Zagrebu 3. s. 20 (1987) 1 (Listopad) p. 49-64

 

Index:

Mirnik, Ivan 1942-

Title:

Tragovi skupnih nalaza zlatnog rimskog carskog novca iz Slavonije u Numizmatičkoj zbirci Arheološkog muzeja u Zagrebu / Ivan Mirnik

Source:

Vjesnik Arheološkog Muzeja u Zagrebu 3. s. 42 (2009) 1 Kolovoz) p. 519-524

Abstract:

As usually happens, coin hoards rarely reach a museum in their complete and pristine state to be seen and studied by experts. The most problematic are of course hoards containing gold coins of any period. Some time ago remnants of hoards of mediaeval and more recent gold coins were brought to the attention of scholarly circles (MIRNIK 1994). Going through the Zagreb Archaeological Museum Numismatic Collection scarce specimens of Roman Imperial gold coins from three or even four hoards excavated in Slavonia have been selected for this paper. Thus for instance there is an aureus struck under Elagabalus (218 222) which belonged to a treasure trove discovered in Osijek (Mursa) in the spring of 1897, in the Banus Josip Jela~i} Square in the Lower Town when the pavement was repaired. The hoard consisted of gold coins of Elagabalus (7 + 1 specimens) and Alexander Severus (222–235; 4 specimens), and silver coins of Gordianus III (238–244), a beautiful gold ring with an agate intaglio representing Jupiter’s eagle and a gold nugget (CELESTIN 1897; 1899; MIRNIK 1981: 67, 199; GÖRICKE-LUKI] 1997: 45, 49, 54). The surviving part of the hoard was for a short time owned by the well-known Osijek collector Carl Franz Nuber (*1872 +1935), who presented it to the Slavonian Museum on April 12, 1897. It was first published by Vjekoslav Celestin (*1861 +1936). In the Slavonian Museum in Osijek are the following aurei from this hoard (RIC 25, 37 – 2 specimens, 39, 57, 121) and Alexander Severus (RIC 4, 6, 159). There are no details about the other assumed coin hoards. The two rare gold coins struck under Magnentius (reigned from August 350 to August 11, 353), the brother of Decentius (spring 351–August 18, 353), are only known to have found at ^epin, one does not known when or under what circumstances, but it must have been before 1912, when they were bought for the Zagreb Archaeological Museum Numismatic Collection together with the considerable coin collection owned by Oskar Antunovi} Friml of Osijek. The third small number of almost contemporary solidi came from Vinkovci (Cibalae): one solidus of Constantine I (306/7–337), one of Crispus (–326) and two solidi of Constantius II (323–361). Constantine’s gold coin entered the Zagreb collection as part of the Friml Collection in 1912; the solidus of Crispus and one solidus of Constantius II were presented to the Museum from the Vinkovci community property in 1901, the second solidus struck under Constantius II was purchased in 1909 from Jakob Wendling. The last was noted to have been found close to the Vinkovci water tower, but we lack the date and circumstances. Therefore, if we consider these coins as remnants of a dispersed hoard, it must have been unearthed before 1901.

 

Index:

Mirnik, Ivan 1942-

Title:

Zemunski skupni nalaz zlatnog novca 1. st. iz 1875. god. Revizija / Ivan Mirnik

Source:

Vjesnik Arheološkog Muzeja u Zagrebu 3. s. 41 (2008) 1 (Lipanj)  p. 77-128

Abstract:

On December 16, 1875, at sunset,Mihalj Ivkovi}, a day labourer, digging on land owned by Marija Savi} for an ice hole in the courtyard of the inn »Seven Stars« in Zemun (Taurunum), came upon a clay pot full of Roman imperial coins. The first report mentioned some 250 aurei, but only 230 were received by the authorities. Both the commander of the Croatian-Slavonian Military Frontier, artillery general Baron Anton Mollinary de Monte Pastello and the Croatian Ban (viceroy) Ivan Ma`urani} decided to compensate the owner of the plot, Marija Savi}, for the hoard with a sum of 1100 Austrian gold florins. The hoard was brought to Zagreb and was for several years deposited at the Royal Exchequer. There it was thoroughly studied and published on several occasions by [ime Ljubi}, director of the National Museum, who used the first edition of Cohen’s standard work – in later publications he had at his disposal the second edition. In 1877 Ljubi} set up a list of 143 aurei, which he considered as duplicates – the remainder is still in the Zagreb Cabinet – and offered them for sale. The prices were taken from Cohen’s catalogue, totalling 11.735 francs, i.e. 586,75 Napoleon’dors of 20 francs. Aletter by Ljubi} shows that the museums in Berlin, Budapest,Munich and Paris were interested in acquiring some of the specimens. However, there are no gold coins from the Zemun hoard either at the Vienna or the Budapest cabinet. It seems that two great numismatists-collectors, with whom Ljubi} corresponded, Prince ErnstWindischgrätz and Franz Trau bought some of the material. Among the 230 specimens there were aurei of the following emperors and empresses: Nero (41–54) (6 specimens – 2.61%); Vespasianus (69–79) (8 specimens – 3.48%); Titus (79–81) (10 specimens – 4.35%); Julia Titi (70–91) (5 specimens – 2.17%); Domitianus (81–96), (182 specimens – 79.13%); Domitia (before 57–140), (10 specimens – 4.35%); Nerva (96–98) (3 specimens – 1.30%); and Trajanus (98–117) (6 specimens – 2.61%). All the coins were in a perfect state of conservation, except for the somewhat older specimens of Nero. The terminus post quem for the hoard is the year 98–99 A.D. The burial date was considered as falling between 99 and 101 AD by Ljubi}, who connected it with the start of the Dacian wars by emperor Trajan. The Zemun hoard has been studied and mentioned by several numismatists, for instance H. Mattingly, A. Jelo~nik and others. More recently it was I. Carradice, whose analysis of Domitian’s gold coinage was chiefly based on the Zemun material. This treasure has been on public display twice: in Arezzo in 1991 and in Turin in 1993. Several specimens can also be seen at the permanent numismatic exhibition of the Zagreb Archaeological Museum.

 

Index:

Schachinger, Ursula 1968-

Title:

Die Fundmünzen eines Oberflächensurveys 2012 im Nordteil der Straßenstation von Nemescsó / Ursula Schachinger

Source:

Die Straßenstationen von Nemescsó und Sorokpolány an der Bernsteinstraße (Pannonien, Ungarn) : Grabungen, geophysikalische Prospektionen und Surveys 1980- 982 und 2009-2012 / Stefan Groh, Helga Sedlmayer, Csenge Virág Zalka ; mit einem Beitr. von Ursula Schachinger. - Wien : Österreichisches Archäologisches Institut, 2013. – (Zentraleuropaische Archaologie ; 3). - P. 159-172

 

Index:

Šeparović, Tomislav

Title:

Revizija skupnog nalaza rimskog novca iz Kruševa kod Obrovca / Tomislav Šeparović

Source:

Vjesnik za Arheologiju i Povijest Dalmatinsku 98 (Prosinac 2005) p. 63-72

Abstract:

Kruševo is a settlement situated in the area of north-western Bukovica, about 5 km to the southwest of Obrovac. In the area of the settlement there is a hill called Cvijina Gradina (Gradina: Hill settlement) interesting since the 19th century as a place with numerous archaeological remains. It is a typical early-Iron-Age Liburnian settlement that continued to exist after the Romans had definitelyestablishedtheir rule in the area. It is here that early professional literature places Clambetae, mentioned in Tabula Peutingeriana. However, Roman Ansium was more likely situated here, which could be concluded according to the boundary stone excavated at Ivanova Glavica to the south of Kruševo, bearing the inscription, which can be reconstructed as inter An[sienses et Co]riniens (es). The hoard of silver objects excavated in December 1897 can certainly be connected with the settlement at Cvijina Gradina. The find was discovered unintentionally by the villagers near Gradina, the hill settlement. It contained round 150 samples of Roman Republican and Imperial coins, and a number of various jewellery pieces. Ninety-eight (98) coins were then placed in the then Museum of St Donat in Zadar, some ended up in private hands, and thirty-four (34) were bought by Friar Lujo Marun for the First Museum of Croatian Monuments, now the Museum of Croatian Archaeological Monuments. The coins from Zadar were taken to Italy in 1943 together with many numismatic pieces, and the ones bought by Marun were destroyed in world wars. We tried to reconstruct thefind according to the data already published, and those from the archives of the Museum of Croatian Archaeological Monuments. Republican coins prevail among the finds,a total of eighty-two (82) pieces. Sixteen (16) samples of coins were forged under the control of Augustus when he became the absolute ruler of the Roman state. The most recent coin among them represented by terminus post quem for dating of findswasforged in the mint of the city of Lugdunum between the years 2 BC and probably AD 4. According to this the Kruševo findcanbecomparedwiththe hoard from Lički Ribnik near Gospić and connected to the tumultuous times of the war known as Bellum Batonianum. The aim of the war was to suppress the big Illyrian rebellion between AD 6 and 9, which largely threatened Rome. Doing the revision and reconstruction of the hoard we intended to contribute to better understanding of Roman history in this part of Dalmatia.

 

Index:

Šipuš, Nikola

Title:

Skupni nalaz rimskih brončanih novaca iz sredine. IV: Stoljeća nađen u Sisku godine 1985 / Nikola Šipuš

Source:

Vjesnik Arheološkog Muzeja u Zagrebu 3. s. 20 (1987) 1 (Listopad 1987) p. 93-106

 

Index:

Stamenković, Sonja

Title:

A mine-coin and an anonymous quadrans from Singidunum / Sonja Stamenković

Source:

Numizmatičar 28 (2005) p. 243-257

Abstract:

Two specimens of the Roman quadrantes were discovered during archaeological excavations in the Belgrade Fortress, in the Lower Town, on the Ancient Settlement locality, in the former docks of Roman Singidunum. One represents a mine-coin minted during the reign of Traian for the needs of the mines in the Roman province of Dalmatia, while the other belongs to the type of anonymous quadrantes of the Mercury group. The presence of the specimen from the series nummi metallorum and of the anonymous quadrans in Singidunum, which might have been connected with the portorium Illyrici, indicates the link between these two types of coins and the close contacts the mining administration must have maintained with the a rationibus management, the portoria- vectigalia- vehicula.

 

Index:

Stoyas, Yannis

Title:

Roman victoriati in perspective from the other side of the Adriatic / Y. Stoyas

Source:

INCC 2004 : zbornik radova 4. međunarodnog numizmatickog kongresa u Hrvatskoj, 20.-25. rujna 2004, Stari Grad (Pharos), otok Hvar i M/B Marko Polo, Hrvatska = proceedings of the 4th international numismatic congress in Croatia, Stari Grad (Pharos), the island of Hvar and M/S Marko Polo, Croatia / [gl. urednik Julijan Dobrinic]. - Rijeka : Hrvatsko Numizmatičko Društvo, 2005. - P. 225-238, pls. 1-4  

Abstract:

The origin of the victoriatus as it has been cited by literary sources (“ex Illyrico advectus”, “peregrinus nummus”) is re-examined through numismatic evidence, based especially on metrological data and coin circulation. One point can be made by the rather puzzling fact that the presence of victoriati in coin hoards and stray finds is minimal in the present-day Balkan Peninsula. Moreover, it is argued that the introduction of the victoriatus has to be viewed more closely in historical context, associated to a specific turning point of the Second Punic War ―the fall of Capua in 211 BC. Applying a revised interpretation to the victoriate coin series sheds new light upon the paucity of the finds in the area across the Adriatic Sea, alongside with the eventual abandonment of production (ca. 170-165 BC). The relaunch from the late 2nd century BC onwards of victoriate issues denoting another monetary denomination (quinarius or half-denarius) provides further understanding, gained with the assistance of literary and epigraphical testimony. Furthermore, the circumstances under which a certain rare issue of Roman victoriati and quinarii was struck at Corcyra (RRC 101) are viewed within a broader set of events and a new chronology is proposed for this emission (ca. 199 BC).

 

Index:

Thiry, Jean-Claude

Title:

Un antoninien inédit d'Aurélien à buste exceptionnel frappé dans l'atelier balkanique indéterminé' / Jean-Claude Thiry

Source:

Bulletin du Cercle d'Etudes Numismatiques 49 (2012) 1 (janvier-avril) p. 27-31

 

Index:

Thiry, Jean-Claude

Title:

Antoniniens à coin de revers d'aureus et à buste à égide, frappés à Siscia pour Claude II / Jean-Claude Thiry

Source:

Bulletin du Cercle d'Etudes Numismatiques 43 (2006) 3 (septembre-décembre) p. 267-275

 

Index:

Thiry, Jean-Claude

Title:

Deux revers inédits frappés à Siscia pour Salonine / Jean-Claude Thiry

Source:

Bulletin du Cercle d'Etudes Numismatiques 43 (2006) 2 (mai-août) p. 227-235

 

Index:

Vida, István

Title:

Late 2nd century Sarmatian coin hoards / István Vida

Source:

Ex officina ... : studia in honorem Dénes Gabler / Bíró Szilvia [Hrsg.]. - Győr : Mursella Régészeti Egyesület, 2009. - P. 573-585

 

Index:

Voetter, Otto 1841-1926

Title:

Die Kupferprägung der Diocletianischen Tetrarchie. [4]: Siscia / Otto Voetter

Source:

Numismatische Zeitschrift 53 (1920) p. 101-110, pl. 1-11

 

Index:

Vojvoda, Mirjana D.

Title:

Perforated coins from graves at the Viminacium necropolis of Više Grobalja / Mirjana Vojvoda

Source:

Starinar 60 (2015) p. 53-78

Abstract:

A common problem that occurs when interpreting finds of perforated Roman coins is whether they had been perforated in Roman times or later. Hence, the specimens that originate from an undisturbed archaeological context, as is the case with finds from the Viminacium necropolis of Vi{e Grobalja, are indispensable. A total of 47 perforated coins were discovered: 31 with a single and 16 with three perforations. The analysis of the context of the finds, in some specimens, allows the confident assertion that they had constituted a part of jewellery.

 

Index:

Weder, Marcus R.

Title:

Mint forgeries of Siscia and some 'dates' of Gallienus / Marcus R. Weder

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 73 (1994) p. 77-91, pl. 1-2