24. Romania, Dacia, Moesia

Index:

Alföldy-Găzdac, Ágnes

Title:

The coinage 'Provincia Dacia' : a coinage for one province only? (AD 246-257) / Ágnes Alföldy-Găzdac, Cristian Găzdac

Source:

Acta Musei Napocensis 39-40 (2002-2003) p. 247-258

 

Index:

Alföldy-Găzdac, Ágnes

Title:

The role of coinage 'PROVINCIA DACIA' in the supply with bronze coinage on the area of the Lower Danube (AD 246-257) / Ágnes Alföldy-Găzdac & Cristian Găzdac

Source:

XIII Congreso Internacional de Numismática, Madrid, 2003 : actas = proceedings = actes. I / ed. por Carmen Alfaro, Carmen Marcos y Paloma Otero. - Madrid : Ministerio de Cultura, Subdirección General de Publicaciones, Información y Documentación, 2005. - P. 651-662

 

Index:

Ardevan, Radu

Title:

Monetary circulation and provincial society in the Roman settlement of Ilişua (Dacia) / Radu Ardevan

Source:

XIII Congreso Internacional de Numismática, Madrid, 2003 : actas = proceedings = actes. I / ed. por Carmen Alfaro, Carmen Marcos y Paloma Otero. - Madrid : Ministerio de Cultura, Subdirección General de Publicaciones, Información y Documentación, 2005. - P. 663-674

 

Index:

Chitescu, Maria

Title:

Les monnaies géto-daces de type romain républicain et impérial / [Maria Chitescu]

Source:

Dialogues d'Histoire Ancienne 6 (1980) p. 123-138

 

Index:

Chitescu, Maria

Title:

La numismatique et les événements politico-militaires des années 2-4 de notre ère en Dacie / [Maria Chitescu]

Source:

Dialogues d’Histoire Ancienne 8 (1982) p. 153-165

 

Index:

Davis, Phillip

Title:

Dacian imitations of Roman Republican denarii / [Phillip Davis]

Source:

Apulum 43 (2006) 1 p. 321-356

 

Index:

Davis, Phillip

Title:

A new hoard of denarii imitations / [Phillip Davis]

Source:

Apulum 45 (2008) p. 441-460

 

Index:

Demian, Nicoleta

Title:

Fourth century A.D. coinage from Southern Banat / Nicoleta Toma-Demian

Source:

Cercetări Numismatice 14 (2008) p. 273-288

 

Index:

Depeyrot, Georges 1953-

Title:

Inventaire des monnaies d'or romaines isolées découvertes en Roumanie / Georges Depeyrot

Source:

Bulletin du Cercle d'Études Numismatiques 46 (2009) 2 (mai-août) p. 139-152

 

Index:

Drăgan, Andreea

Title:

Monetary circulation in urban and rural contexts of Roman Dacia in the 3rd century AD : general and specific patterns / Andreea Drăgan

Source:

Scripta clasica : Radu Ardevan sexagenario dedicata / eds.: Ioan Piso ... [et al.]. - Cluj-Napoca : Mega, 2011. - P. 447-458

Abstract:

The aim of this study is to identify how monetary circulation relates to administrative structures, juridical and economic site categories of the Roman Empire, respectively urban and rural sites and those involved in production and commercial activities, during the 3rd century AD, a period of important political and monetary changes for the area subject to this study. There were analyzed single coin finds from the above mentioned categories of sites from the Dacian provinces grouped on the following model: main settlement – rural hinterland / territorium. This type of investigation has led to the identification of monetary patterns determined by geographical proximity and similar economic functions, as a result of the existence of shared historical context and exchange possibilities. Finally, further remarks about the monetary pattern related to the abandonment of Dacia were possible.

 

Index:

Gaiu, Corneliu

Title:

A soldier money in a barrack of the cavalry fort from Ilişua (Bistriţa-Năsăud County, Romania) / Corneliu Gaiu, Cristian Găzdac

Source:

Fontes historiae : studia in honorem Demetrii Protase / editorii/editors Corneliu Gaiu, Cristian Găzdac. - Cluj-Napoca : Bistriţa, 2006. - P. 379-393

 

Index:

Gândilă, Andrei

Title:

Greek imperial, Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman coin finds at Capidava (1966-2006) in the collection of the National History Museum of Romania / Andrei Gândilă

Source:

Pontica 40 (2007) p. 607-623

 

Index:

Gautier, Georges 1938-

Title:

Le monnayage d'argent de Serdica après la réforme de Dioclétien / Georges Gautier

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 33 (1991) p. 97-111, pl. 9-11

 

Index:

Găzdac, Cristian Anton 1970-

Title:

Aspects of coin circulation in Roman Dacia / Cristian Găzdac

Source:

Roman coins outside the Empire : ways and phases, contexts and functions ; proceedings of the ESF/SCH exploratory workshop, Radziwiłł Palace, Nieborów (Poland), 3-6 September 2005 / [scientific ed.: Aleksander Bursche, Renata Ciolek, Reinhard Wolters]. - Wetteren : Moneta, 2008. – P. 269-294

 

Index:

Găzdac, Cristian Anton 1970-

Title:

The coinage and the Roman conquest of Dacia : a comparative study of the sites: 'Ulpia Traiana, Porolissum, Carnuntum, Ovilava, Poetovio' / Cristian Găzdac

Source:

Miscellanea numismatica antiquitatis : in honorem septagenarii magistri Virgilii Mihailescu-Bîrliba oblata / ediderunt Victor Spinei, Lucian Munteanu. - Bucureşti : Editura Academiei Române, 2008. - P. 69-80

 

Index:

Găzdac, Cristian Anton 1970-

Title:

Coin finds from Roman Napoca : the excavations on Deleu St. / Cristian Găzdac, Valentin Voișian, Sorin Cociș

Source:

Revista Bistriţei 18 (2004) p. 77-96

 

Index:

Găzdac, Cristian Anton 1970-

Title:

The distribution of silver counterfeited coins in the forts of Roman Dacia : fraud or monetary policy? / Cristian Găzdac

Source:

Limes XX : XX Congreso internacional de estudios sobre la frontera Romana = XXth International congress of Roma frontier studies, León (España), septiembre, 2006. Vo. III / Ángel Morillo, Norbert Hanel & Esperanza Martín (eds.). - Madrid : Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cienti íficas : Instituto Histo órico Hoffmeyer, 2009. - p. 1487-1498

 

Index:

Găzdac, Cristian Anton 1970-

Title:

Die Fallstricke der numismatischen Zeugnisse : das Auxiliarkastell von 'Arcobadara' : (Ilişua, Kreis Bistriţa-Năsăud, Rumänien) / Cristian Gazdac, Corneliu Gaiu, Ágnes Alföldy-Găzdac

Source:

Scripta classica : Radu Ardevan sexagenario dedicata / ed.: Ioan Piso ... [et al.]. - Cluj-Napoca : Mega Publ. House, 2011. - P. 459-464

 

Index:

Găzdac, Cristian Anton 1970-

Title:

Identifying living areas at Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa (in Roman Dada) : coins finds and metal detecting / [Cristian Găzdac]

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 151 (2005) p. 231-246

 

Index:

Găzdac, Cristian Anton 1970-

Title:

The management of a monetary crisis? : the 'P M S col vim' and 'Provinicia Dacia' coinages in the Roman monetary policy of the 3rd century AD / Cristian Găzdac und Agnes Alföldy-Găzdac

Source:

Numismatische Zeitschrift 116-117 (2008) p. 135-171

 

Index:

Găzdac, Cristian Anton 1970-

Title:

The monetary circulation and the abandonment of Dacia : a comparative study / Cristian Găzdac

Source:

Acta Musei Napocensis 35 (1998) 1 p. 229-234

 

Index:

Găzdac, Cristian Anton 1970-

Title:

Monetary circulation and the abandonment of the auxiliary forts in Roman Dacia / Cristian Găzdac

Source:

Limes XVIII : proceedings of the XVIIIth International Congress of Roman Frontier Studies, held in Amman, Jordan (September 2000) / ed. by Philip Freeman ... [et al.]. - Oxford : Archaeopress, 2002. – P. 737-756

 

Index:

Găzdac, Cristian Anton 1970-

Title:

The pitfalls of the numismatic evidence : the auxiliary fort of 'Arcobadara' (Ilişua, Bistriţa-Năsăud County, Romania) / Cristian Găzdac, Corneliu Gaiu, Agnes Alföldy-Gazdac

Source:

Journal of Ancient History and Archaeology 2 (2015) 3 p. 25-31

Abstract:

In the light of the publication of the numismatic monograph from the site of Arcobadara (Ilişua) in Roman Dacia (Romania), the present work is pointing out the pitfalls that the scholar may have to face when dealing with old and non-professional publication of artefacts.

 

Index:

Găzdac, Cristian Anton 1970-

Title:

The Roman laws against counterfeiting between theory and practice : the case of Roman Dacia / Cristian Găzdac, Ágnes Alföldy-Găzdac

Source:

Acta Musei Napocensis 38 (2001) 1 p. 137-154

 

Index:

Găzdac, Cristian Anton 1970-

Title:

Social memory and statute : Roman coins in medieval graves from the necropolis Noşlac, Romania / Cristian Găzdac, Călin Cosma

Source:

Journal of Archæological Numismatics 4 (2014) p. 180-190

Abstract:

The investigations in the store room of the National History Museum of Transylvania in Cluj-Napoca, Romania, has led to the ‘re-discovery’ of seven Roman coins. Their findspots has raised quite a level of interest as the findspot mentioned on the paper labels was the well-known early medieval necropolis of the 6th-7th centuries of Noşlac, Alba County, Romania. Despite numerous archaeological reports on this site these coins were never studied. After being restored they proved to be coins of Nero, Vitellius, Hadrian (for Sabina), Antoninus Pius, Marcus Aurelius (ancient fake), Marcus Aurelius (for Faustina II), Gordianus III. The coins’ analysis within the archaeological context and together with the funerary inventory has proved that all the seven coins come from warriors’ graves. At the same time, it shows that the bronze coins were found in those graves with a poorer inventory than the 3 silver coins found in one grave with a richer inventory. Therefore we deal here with a phenomenon of coin as a sign for social statute when the Roman coins is re-used not as an economic function but to build a social memory.

 

Index:

Găzdac, Cristian Anton 1970-

Title:

Le trésor monétaire impérial de Dumbrăvioara (Reghin II) : réétudié / Cristian Găzdac

Source:

Ephemeris Napocensis 4 (1994) p. 179-191

 

Index:

Găzdac, Cristian Anton 1970-

Title:

Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa  / Cristian Găzdac, Sorin Cociș ; with collab. of Gică Băiestean ... [et al.]

Series:

Coins from Roman sites and collections of Roman coins from Romania ; vol. 1

Published:

Cluj-Napoca : Mega Publishing House, 2004

 

Index:

Găzdac, Cristian Anton 1970-

Title:

Walking on a treasure… without knowing! : a new hoard discovered in the 'civilian' city of Carnuntum / Cristian Găzdac

Source:

Journal of Ancient History and Archaeology 1 (2014) 3 p. 86-91

Abstract:

The article is presenting the discovery of a new coin hoard at the Roman site of Carnuntum, Austria. The particularity on this discovery is revealed by the interpretation of the archaeological context. This approach indicate that the hoard ending with coins issued in the sole reign of Caracalla (AD 211-217) was discovered in a context dated in the second half of the 4th century AD. The coins were found in the south-western tower of the ‘civilian’ city of Carnuntum in a layer brought here to level the ground after the earthquake that took place in the mid-4th century AD.

 

Index:

Găzdac, Cristian Anton 1970-

Title:

'War and peace’! : patterns of violence through coin hoards distribution / Cristian Gazdac

Source:

Istros 18 (2012) p. 165-198

Abstract:

This study is seeking to point out the general and specific patterns of hoards burial and non-recovery in peacetime and wartime by analysing the discovery of coin hoards from the Middle and Lower Danube in the period from Trajan to Aurelianus – a period that correspond to the Roman administration of the province of Dacia – when the Roman monetary system knew the longest period of a certain stability. In order to serve best the aim of this study the period of study was subdivided in chronological segments according to major historical events that took place on the area under study. Combining mapping of hoards by periods with the information from ancient authors and the context of discovery this study, a preliminary work on a larger research project on Roman Europe, will establish the impact of historical violent events on certain areas at certain time.

 

Index:

Găzdac, Cristian Anton 1970-

Title:

When the province take care of its own coin supply : the case of the town of Drobeta in Roman Dacia / Cristian Gazdac, Ágnes Alföldy-Găzdac

Source:

Journal of Ancient History and Archaeology 2 (2015) 4 p. 26-30

Abstract:

Using comparative analysis and the most recent coin site-finds publication from the Roman site of Drobeta in Roman Dacia (nowadays Drobeta-Turnu Severin, Romania), the present paper demonstrates that when a site from a province is closed to an official mint from another province (e.g. Viminacium in Moesia Superior) the coin supply comes mainly from this mint. However, the recent coin evidence from the site of Drobeta proves that the official mint of Dacia, which produced the series of ‘PROVINCIA DACIA’ type was still a main supplier of Drobeta especially after AD 250.

 

Index:

Golenko, Konstantin Vladimirovic

Title:

Le trésor d'antoniniani de Kertch / Konstantin Golenko

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 15 (1973) p. 290-299, pl. 28

 

Index:

Gudea, Nicolae

Title:

Odd 4th century coins in the hoards from Banat / Nicolae Gudea, Cristian Găzdac

Source:

Ephemeris Napocensis 13 (2003) p. 243-259

 

Index:

Guey, Julien 1910-1993

Title:

Trésors de monnaies romaines en Europe orientale : (a propos d'un récent article de V. V. Kropotkine) / par J. Guey

Source:

Mélanges d'Archéologie et d'Histoire 55 (1967) p. 188-214

 

Index:

Inel, Constantin

Title:

Coins within the funerary context of the Roman necropolis from Apulum 'Stadion' / Constantin Inel

Source:

Scripta clasica : Radu Ardevan sexagenario dedicata / eds.: Ioan Piso ... [et al.]. - Cluj-Napoca : Mega, 2011. - P. 465-477

Abstract:

The detailed analysis of numismatic pieces from the context of the Roman necropolis from Apulum ‘Stadion’, based on two main criteria – numismatic and archaeological, offers complex data that may be utilised in future comparative studies for the phenomenon of placing coin in graves of Roman period, being known the fact that this habit will be taken over and will be mantained in christianity, during the centuries that followed the abandonment of the province Dacia. If for the Roman necropolis from Apulum “Stadion”, out of the total of cca 1024 graves, in 88 from these were found 97 coins, the resulting percentage being of ca 8.5%, for other necropolises researched partially percentages were slightly lower under this level. In fact, researches of funerary archaeology for Roman Dacia, emphasize town Apulum, with more than 1700 of biritual graves, and from this perspective it is clear that also the greatest number of coin placed in grave is significantly higher, and percentages of graves with coin in inventory will be bigger in proportion as researches in the funerary areas identified will exhaust surfaces of these necropolises. The necropolis approached in the present study is close from terminating research of the whole area of development, so that it is probable percents to modify slightly as far as preference for this habit of coin placement is concerned.

 

Index:

Lockyear, Kris

Title:

Aspects of Roman Republican coins found in Late Iron Age Dacia / Kris Lockyear

Source:

Miscellanea numismatica Antiquitatis : in honorem septagenarii magistri Virgilii Mihailescu-Bîrliba oblate. - Bucureşti: Editura Academiei Române, 2007

 

Index:

Martini, Rodolfo 1943-

Title:

Early Roman countermarked coins from Moesia : first critical observations (typology, frequency, chronology and analysis of distribution) / Rodolfo Martini, Evgeni Paunov

Source:

Numizmatični i sfragistični prinosi kŭm istoriâta na zapadnoto Černomorie : meždunarodna konfereniâ Varna, 12-15 septemvri 2001 g. = Numismatic and sphragistic contributions to history of the western Black sea coast : International conference, Varna, Septembre 12th-15th, 2001 / [ed. Valeri Jotov, Igor Lazarenko]. - Varna : Knigoizdatelstvo Zograf, 2004. - P. 159-174

 

Index:

Martini, Rodolfo 1943-

Title:

Emissioni tresvirali di Augustus della zecca di Roma : monete centrali, ausiliarie e barbariche dall’area della Moesia-Thracia : note preliminari / Rodolfo Martini

Source:

XIII Congreso Internacional de Numismática, Madrid, 2003 : actas = proceedings = actes. I / ed. por Carmen Alfaro, Carmen Marcos y Paloma Otero. - Madrid : Ministerio de Cultura, Subdirección General de Publicaciones, Información y Documentación, 2005. - P. 715-725

 

Index:      

Paunov, Evgeni I. 1972-

Title:

Dies for striking Republican and early Imperial coins from Moesia and Thrace : ancient forgeries or something else? / Evgeni I. Paunov

Source:

Journal of Ancient History and Archeology 1 (2014) 1 p. 29–35

Abstract:

This paper attempts to trace the distribution of unofficial dies for striking late Republican and early Imperial coins in Moesia and Thrace, discussing eleven dies and one hub (master die). It deals with the key issues concerning these rare numismatic finds , their occurrence in the Balkan provinces of Roman Empire and their interpretation as genuine monetary items or as forgers’ accessories. Such a large concentration of dies is found in a relatively constrained area, but so far understanding does not clearly revealed what their importance is. The problem appears to be essential for the comprehension of Roman political and military activities in the Balkans during the Augustan-Tiberian period, as well as for the general discussion on ancient coin techniques.

 

Index:      

Paunov, Evgeni I. 1972-

Title:

Early Roman coins from Novae : patterns and observations / Evgeni I. Paunov

Source:

Novensia 25 (2014) p. 145–176

Abstract:

This article is the first systematic attempt for collection and arrangement of the early Roman coin finds from Novae – a large legionary fortress on the Lower Danube excavated without interruption since 1960. It contains a complete identification of all published coins from the site excavations as well as a thorough check of inventory books in Svishtov Museum. No less than 252 coins (total 407 with the suburbia finds) of the Early Principate period (Augustus to Trajan) are catalogued and further analysed. A small hoard of six Claudian and Neronian aes-coins (down to AD 64/5) found in the street sewage by the legion’s Principia is also discussed. A comparative analysis of coin denominations which occur at Novae is applied. Of particular value for the current analysis is the chronological overlapping of small finds (terra sigillata from North Italy and Gaul, imported glass, amphorae, etc.) associated with the Julio-Claudian and Flavian coins excavated in sectors X, XI and XVIII. Paper provides insight for the early phases of habitation and emphasizes on the purely military character of Novae until Hadrian.

 

Index:

Paunov, Evgeni I. 1972-

Title:

An inventory of Roman republican coin hoards and coins from Bulgaria (IRRCHBulg) / Evgeni I. Paunov, Ilya S. Prokopov ; [transl. in English Eugeni I. Paunov and Nickolas Green]

Series:

Glaux ; 15

Published:

Milano : Ennerre, 2002

 

Index:

Paunov, Evgeni I. 1972-

Title:

From 'Koine' to 'Romanitas' : the numismatic evidence for Roman expansion and settlement in Bulgaria in antiquity (Moesia and Thrace, ca. 146 BC-AD 98/117) / Evgeni I. Paunov

Published:

[Cardiff] : Cardiff University, 2013

Abstract:

The primary goal of this thesis is to collect, record and interpret the available coin evidence from the territory of modern Bulgaria during the late Hellenistic and early Roman Imperial period, from an archaeological, historical and numismatic perspective. In so doing the work documents the transition and integration of the monetary system of ancient Thrace to that of the Roman world. The evidence examined covers over 250 years, from the establishment of the province of Macedonia in 146 BC down to the reign of Trajan (AD 98-117). Of foremost importance in this process are the introduction, distribution and use of the denarius in the local coin market. The evidence under study was collected from the area of ancient Moesia and Thrace, an area recognized as a frontier zone in the early Roman Empire. Previously Thrace was never the subject of a comprehensive numismatic study that integrated the existing archeological and historical record for such a critical period of time. The purposely studied coin finds (both hoards and single coins, over 48,000 pieces) allowed for the application of statistical analysis to the coin data, revealing important military, economic and fiscal tendencies. The results document a culture well accustomed to the use of coins as means of payment long before the arrival of the Roman currency. Given these circumstances, it is no surprise that as denarii were introduced during the 1st century BC, the market quickly adjusted to new economic relations. Tracing the regional use and distribution of coins, the study bears witness to how local communities benefited from their strategic location and native resources. The main contribution of this work lies in the systematic comparison between the Late Hellenistic, Thracian, Celtic and Roman coinages that circulated together in a region that was of great strategic importance to the Roman Empire. Mechanisms of introduction and acceptance of Roman coins as financial tools have been documented and interpreted both from a chronological and geographical standpoint. Based on comprehensive analyses, this thesis concludes that the nature of the Thracian and Moesian society and economy, as well as the supply of coins, followed the Imperial and interregional trends as an integral part of the Roman Empire.

 

Index:

Paunov, Evgeni I. 1972-

Title:

Roman ‘aurei’ in Moesia and Thrace from Augustus to Trajan / Evgeni I. Paunov

Source:

Novensia 23 (2012) p. 199-212

Abstract:

This paper traces and studies early roman gold coins from moesia and Thrace from the reigns of Augustus to Trajan. Both available hoards and stray finds are reviewed. Twenty-five stray aurei (compared to three known previously) from the Balkan provinces are included and discussed. Eleven of them are provenanced and their geographic distribution is compared and analyzed as far as possible. Also discussed are a few small groups of aurei from moesia (such as ram and Kozloduj), which should be interpreted as first-century Ad hoards (or fragments). An Antonine hoard of aurei from Stakevci near ratiaria (moesia Superior) is rearranged and a new interpretation is suggested. unfortunately, the limited evidence from moesia and Thrace precludes any more specific conclusions concerning the circulation of early roman gold.

 

Index:

Pop, Horea

Title:

The Roman hoard from Simleul Silvaniei / Horea Pop, Cristian Găzdac

Published:

Cluj-Napoca : [s.n.], 1999

Note:

Offprint from: Acta Musei Napocensis 36 (1999) 1 p. 169-187

 

Index:

Stan, Marius Grigore

Title:

The phenomenon of Roman Republican coinage in pre-Roman Dacia : a r[e-]examination of the evidence / Marius Grigore Stan

Source:

Journal of Ancient History and Archaeology 1 (2014) 4 p. 44-67

Abstract:

This article offers a re-examination of the phenomenon of Roman Republican coinage during the pre-Roman period in Carpathian region. It is argued that by compiling the evidence into a multifaceted database, new insights are gained on the explanation of the currency in pre-Roman Dacia. Furthermore, the study employs statistical methods in an interdisciplinary approach to a better pinpoint the chronological point of entry for Republican denarii into the region. Due to the absence of archaeological context in many cases, coin hoards are the main focus of data collection.

 

Index:

Suciu, Viorica

Title:

Cateva consideratii asupra unui lot de monede romane din custodia Muzeului National al Unirii, Alba Iulia / [Viorica Suciu]

Source:

Apulum 44 (2007) p. 249-269

 

Index:

Suciu, Viorica

Title:

Monede romane descoperite recent la Apulum / [Viorica Suciu, George Bounegru]

Source:

Apulum 45 (2008) p. 461-475

 

Index:

Suciu, Viorica

Title:

Noi descoperiri monetare din zona Muntilor Orastiei / [Viorica Suciu, Silviu I. Purece]

Source:

Apulum 43 (2006) 1 p. 373-392

 

Index:

Zanchi, Pierre

Title:

Quelques nouveaux antoniniens de Serdica (274-277) / Pierre Zanchi

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 120 (November 1980) p. 95-98