27. Syria, Palestine, Arabia

Index:

Amandry, Michel 1949-

Title:

La politique monétaire des Flaviens en Syrie de 69 à 73 / Michel Amandry

Published:

]Beyrouth : Institut Français d'Archéologie du Proche-Orient, 2002]

Note:

Offprint from: Les monnayages syriens : quel apport pour l'histoire du Proche-Orient hellénistique et romain ? : actes de la table ronde de Damas, 10-12 novembre 1999 / ed. par Christian Augé et Frédérique Duyrat. - Beyrouth : Institut Français d'Archéologie du Proche-Orient, 2002. - (Bibliothèque archéologique et historique ; 162). – P. 141-143

 

Index:

Arav, Rami

Title:

A rare 'aureus' of Antoninus Pius at Bethsaida / Rami Arav, Carl Savage

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 6 (2011) p. 135-138

Abstract:

In the summer of 2010 a rare 'aureus' naming Antoninus Pius and struck in 138 CE was unearthed in excavations at Bethsaida, located north of the Sea of Galilee. The coin was found in a small room of a house with second-century CE inds and together with an iron lance head, a dagger and an iron sickle in an adjacent room. This article summarizes the coin’s archaeological context.

 

Index:

Arslan, Ermanno A. 1940-

Title:

Dall’Italia a Magdala in Terrasanta : un pellegrino del V secolo e le sue monete / E. A. Arslan

Source:

One land - many cultures : archaeological studies in honour of Stanislao Loffreda OFM / ed. by G. Claudio Bottini, Leah Di Segni and L. Daniel Chrupcala. - Jerusalem : Franciscan Printing Press, 2003. - P. 33-40

 

Index:

Arslan, Ermanno A. 1940-

Title:

Monete axumite di imitazione nel deposito del cortile della sinagoga di Cafarnao / E.A. Arslan

Source:

Liber Annuus 46 (1996) p. 307-316, pl. 17-20

 

Index:

Babelon, Ernest Charles François 1854-1924

Title:

Les monnaies de Medaba, au pays de Moab / par E. Babelon

Source:

Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-lettres 4e sér. 26 (1898) p. 388-394

 

Index:

Bastien, Pierre 1912-2010

Title:

Trouvaille de folles au Liban (294-307) / Pierre Bastien

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 6 (1967) p. 166-208

 

Index:

Bijovksky, Gabriela 1962-

Title:

The Ambrosial Rocks and the sacred precinct of Melqart in Tyre / Gabriela Bijovsky

Source:

XIII Congreso Internacional de Numismática, Madrid, 2003 : actas = proceedings = actes. I / ed. por Carmen Alfaro, Carmen Marcos y Paloma Otero. - Madrid : Ministerio de Cultura, Subdirección General de Publicaciones, Información y Documentación, 2005. - P. 829-834

 

Index:

Bijovsky, Gabriela 1962-

Title:

Numismatic evidence for the Gallus revolt : the hoard from Lod / Gabriela Bijovsky

Source:

Israel Exploration Journal 57 (2007) 2 p. 187-203

 

Index:

Böhnke, Horst

Title:

Ein unbekannter Abdikationsnummus des Diocletian aus Antiochia im Münzfuss 1/72 / Horst Böhnke

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 158 (Mai 1990) p. 40-42

 

Index:

Brenot, Claude

Title:

Les émissions orientales de la fin du IIIe s. après J.-C. à la lumière de deux trésors découverts en Syrië / Claude Brenot et H.-G. Pflaum

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 7 (1965) p. 134-205, pl. 6-17

 

Index:

Callegher, Bruno

Title:

Un tesoro ritrovato : aurei romani imperiali (ca. 70-160) dall'Alta Galilea o dal Golan / Bruno Callegher

Published:

Milano : Società Numismatica Italiana Onlus, 2015

Note:

Offprint from: Rivista Italiana di Numismatica 116 (2015) p. 103-120

Abstract:

During the reordering of the Numismatic Collection of the Archaeological Museum of the Studium Biblicum Franciscanum (Jerusalem) photographs of 22 aurei of the Roman empire were found, most likely originating from an area between the West bank , Upper Galilee and the Golan. The different usage of these coins and the their chronology suggests that this is a unique discovery. It confirms the increased availability of gold coins in the middle of the second century and suggests that the aureus was not only a money of account as mentioned in the sources of Talmud and Mishna, but was also widely used as an effective currency. These coins are probably the first known example of savings buried in a not particularly turbulent period in the Palestinian region between the empires of Antonius Pius and the beginning of that of Marcus Aurelius.

 

Index:

Dandrow, Edward

Title:

The Latin coins of Caracalla from Edessa in Osrhoene / by Edward Dandrow

Published:

London : Royal Numismatic Society, 2016

Note:

Offprint from: Numismatic Chronicle 176 (2016). - P. 183-205, pl. 22-24

 

Index:

Doyen, Jean-Marc 1954-

Title:

Un bronze inédit de l'empereur Othon (Antioche, 69 après J.-C.) / Jean-Marc Doyen

Source:

Bulletin du Cercle d'Études Numismatiques 41 (2004) 1 (janvier-avril) p. 13-18

 

Index:

Doyen, Jean-Marc 1954-

Title:

Un nummus inédit de Crispus (Antioche, 324-325) / Jean-Marc Doyen

Source:

Bulletin du Cercle d'Études Numismatiques 40 (2003) 3 (septembre-décembre) p. 311-312

 

Index:

Eidelstein, Adolfo

Title:

Imperial wedding commemoratives / Adolfo Eidelstein

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 214 (Juni 2004) p. 36-39

 

Index:

Elkins, Nathan Thomas

Title:

A mid-fourth century purse hoard from the Roman auxiliary fort at Yotvata / Nathan T. Elkins

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 6 (1011) p. 139-146, pl. 7

Abstract:

In June 2005, a hoard of 31 to 34 bronze coins, probably representing the contents of a purse, was excavated in the late Roman auxiliary fort at Yotvata. The hoard was lost in the area of a water feature, perhaps a latrine. The coins were deposited after c. 358 CE.

 

Index:

Farhi, Yoav 1974-

Title:

Die sharing and other numismatic connections in southern Roman Palestine (second–third centuries CE) / Yoav Farhi

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 10 (2015) p. 137-154

Abstract:

This paper presents die sharing and other numismatic connections in southern Roman Palestine, during the second–third centuries CE, mainly between Gaza and Raphia. These relations include the possible recutting of reverse dies of Gaza for use in Raphia, the sharing of obverse dies between the two cities, and stylistic similarities that suggest that the same die cutter(s) were working for both cities, as well as for Ascalon, during certain periods. This type of research on ties among the mints in southern Roman Palestine will hopefully lead to more die links being identified in other parts of this region as well.

 

Index:

Farhi, Yoav 1974-

Title:

The 'Modest Aphrodite' from Nysa-Scythopolis (Bet Shean) and Ptolemais (Akko) / Yoav Farhi

Source:

Israel Exploration Journal 61 (2011) 2 p. 217-222

Abstract:

This article deals with a remarkable resemblance between a statue of Aphrodite found at Beth Shean and a coin type from the mint of Ptolemais. This comparison reminds us of the realistic nature of statues appearing on city coins and highlights the importance of these coins in reconstructing the urban landscape of Roman cities.

 

Index:

Gambash, Gil

Title:

'IUDAEA RECEPTA' / Gil Gambash, Haim Gitler, Hannah M. Cotton

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 8 (2013) p. 89–104

Abstract:

This article, in memory of Alla Kushnir-Stein, discusses a newly discovered aureus, bearing a previously unattested legend, Iudaea recepta, and an equally unattested combination of iconographic elements on its reverse, issued immediately after the fall of Jerusalem in September, 70 CE. The idea of recepta, conveyed in both legend and iconography, was the resubjugation of an old province, indeed precisely what one would have expected after a revolt was put down. This message must have been deliberately suppressed soon after the coin was issued, in favor of the capta type associated with the acquisition of new territory.

 

Index:

Gautier, Georges 1938-

Title:

La fin du monnayage en argent de la réforme à Antioche : à propos d'un argenteus inédit au nom de Licinius I / Georges Gautier

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 243 (September 2011) p. 66-71

 

Index:

Gitler, Haim 1962-

Title:

Numismatic evidence on the visit of Marcus Aurelius to the East / Haim Gitler

Source:

Israel Numismatic Journal 11 (1990-1991) p. 35-51

 

Index:

Hendin, David Bruce 1945-

Title:

Echoes of 'Judaea Capta' : the nature of Domitian's coinage of Judaea and vicinity / David Hendin

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 2 (2007) p. 123-130, pl. 15

Abstract:

This article discusses the nature of Domitian’s provincial coinage of Judea and vicinity. Based upon dates of issue and comparison of types, it is suggested that even if these coins do not carry JUDAEA CAPTA legends, they nevertheless are likely to refer to the Roman victory in the JewishWar. Coins with portraits of Domitian struck under Agrippa II and at the city of Pella of the Decapolis, are also discussed in this context.

 

Index:

Hendin, David Bruce 1945-

Title:

Judaea and Rome : the early numismatic commentary, first century BCE

Source:

Fides : contributions to numismatics in honor of Richard B. Witschonke / ed. by Peter G. van Alfen, Gilles Bransbourg, Michel Amandry. - New York : American Numismatic Society, 2015. - P. 427-433, pl. 1

Abstract:

Discussion of the early Roman numismatic commentary on the relationship with Judaea during the Republican period.

 

Index:

Hollard, Dominique 1957-

Title:

Le monnayage de la ‘Legio III Cyrenaica’ frappé à Bostra sous Antonin le Pieux / Dominique Hollard

Source:

Revue Numismatique 160 (2004) p. 155-173, pl. 12

Abstract:

The creation in AD 106 of the Roman province of Arabia raised the Nabatean city of Bosra to the rank of provincial capital. This paper examines the so-called « provincial » coinage of silver and brass attributed by some scholars to Bostra. It appears that these coins were in fact struck in Rome, Antioch and perhaps also Cyrene, though the coinage with Latin legends struck from 140 to 144 in the name of the legio III Cyrenaica was indeed minted in Bostra. This coinage, with the legend in the genitive, was a special issue intended to supply soldiers with necessary currency. Its iconography is very different from that of the civic coinage of Bostra, being the only one underwritten by a Roman military unit. This would have been fairly common, however, in areas newly integrated into the Empire.

 

Index:

Kiwan, Khaled

Title:

Cinq trésors romains de Syrie / Khaled Kiwan

Source:

American Journal of Numismatics 2nd ser. 24 (2012). - P. 123-132, pl. 30-33

Abstract:

The author presents five largely unpublished Roman hoards composed of Syrian tetradrachms and drachms found in the environs of Aleppo: al-Atna, Gindaros, Khan Toman, Mishrafit Remeilah, and Manbij.

 

Index:

Kool, Robert

Title:

The coins from a Roman-period farmstead at el-Qabu, south of Ashqelon / Robert Kool

Source:

'Atiqot 71 (September 2012) p. 35-46

Abstract:

Fifty-seven bronze coins were found in several structures, installations and tombs at El-Qabu. Fifty-three of the coins, including a hoard of twenty-three bronzes, were identified. With the exception of two Hellenistic and three early Roman specimens, as well as a single Byzantine nummus (first half of the sixth century), all the isolated coins fall between the second half of the second century and the reign of Maximinian Herculius (286–305 CE). Among the early coins is a rare flan with a trapezoidal section, probably originating in Jerusalem. Another interesting and rare early find is a lead token minted under the Roman administration in Egypt in the first–second centuries CE. The hoard of 23 bronzes was found concealed in a small cavity that had been dug into a floor of beaten earth in Building 4. It consisted of a homogenous group of imperial and provincial bronzes, struck in a limited time range between the mid-second and mid-third centuries CE. The small monetary value of its contents seems to hint that it was deposited by the occupants of the structure.

 

Index:

Leibner, Uzi

Title:

Two hoards from Khirbat Wadi amam and the scope of the Bar Kokhba Revolt / Uzi Leibner, Gabriela Bijovsky

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 8 (2013) p. 109-134, pl. 29-30

Abstract:

Two hoards from the reign of Hadrian were discovered in a massive destruction layer at Khirbat Wadi amam in the Eastern Lower Galilee. The irst hoard contains 60 silver and bronze coins and the second, 11 bronze coins. Based on their general character and archaeological contexts both can be deined as emergency hoards. A detailed presentation of the amam hoards and their context is followed by a discussion of their historical implication and the question of the involvement of Galilee in the Bar Kokhba revolt.

 

Index:

Lonnqvist, Kenneth K.A.

Title:

The date of introduction of 'denarii' to Roman Judaea and the Decapolis region / Kenneth Lönnqvist 

Source:

Aram 23 (2011) p. 325-336

 

Index:

Lonnqvist, Kenneth K.A.

Title:

The tax law of Palmyra and the introduction of the Roman monetary system to Syria : a re-evaluation / Kenneth Lönnqvis

Source:

Jebel Bishri in context : introduction to the archaeological studies and the neighbourhood of Jebel Bishri in central Syria : proceedings of a Nordic research training seminar in Syria, May 2004 / ed. by Minna Lönnqvist. - Oxford : Archaeopress, 2008. - (BAR international series ; 1817). - P. 73-88

 

Index:

Maurice, Jules 1859-1939

Title:

Essai de classification chronologique des émissions monétaires de l'atelier d'Antioche pendant la période Constantinienne / [Jules Maurice]

Source:

Numismatic Chronicle 3rd ser. 19 (1899) p. 208-240, pl. 13

 

Index:

Porto, Vagner Carvalheiro

Title:

The presence of local deities on Roman Palestinian coins : reflections on cultural and religious interaction between Romans and local elites / Vagner Carvalheiro Porto

Source:

Proceedings of the XIVth International Numismatic Congress, Glasgow 2009. I / ed. by Nicholas Holmes. - Glasgow : International Numismatic Council, 2011. – P. 936-931, pl. 1

 

Index:

Raphael, Kate

Title:

The coin hoard from Caesarea Maritima and the 363 CE earthquake / Kate Raphael, Gabriela Bijovsky

Source:

Israel Numismatic Research 9 (2014) p. 173-191, pl. 16

Abstract

The earthquake of 363 CE is mentioned in several contemporary sources; it struck 22 towns and the scale of damage varied considerably from town to town. Caesarea Maritima appears on the list of sites that were hit; however the only archaeological evidence for the earthquake is a large hoard of 3,700 copper coins found in the excavations of the synagogue. The latest coins recovered date to 361 CE and suggest the synagogue was destroyed by the 363 CE earthquake. This paper presents a thorough numismatic analysis and catalogue of the hoard and examines the active geological faults in the region of Caesarea.

 

Index:

Sallet, Alfred Friedrich Constantin von 1842-1897

Title:

Die Fürsten von Palmyra unter Gallienus, Claudius und Aurelian / von Alfred von Sallet

Published:

Berlin : Weidmann, 1866

 

Index:

Sawaya, Ziad

Title:

Le culte impérial en Phénicie : culte civique ou culte provincial? / Ziad Sawaya

Source:

More than men, less than gods : studies on royal cult and imperial worship : proceedings of the international colloquium organized by the Belgian School at Athens (November 1 - 2, 2007) / ed. by Panagiotis P. Iossif, Andrzej S. Chankowski and Catharine C. Lorber. - Leuven [etc.] : Peeters, 2011. - P. 593-618

 

Index:

Sawaya, Ziad

Title:

Les monnaies d'Octave au dauphin et au trident, témoignage d'une installation de vétérans romains à Bérytos dès 30 av. J.-C. / Z. Sawaya

Source:

Les monnayages syriens : quel apport pour l'histoire du Proche-Orient hellénistique et romain? : actes de la table ronde de Damas, 10-12 novembre 1999 / éd. par Christian Augé et Frédérique Duyrat. - Beyrouth : Institut Français d'Archéologie du Proche-Orient, 2002. - (Bibliothèque archéologique et historique ; T. 162). – P. 123-139

 

Index:

Schwartz, Jacques

Title:

Antioche et la tétrarchie / Jacques Schwartz

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 127 (August 1982) p. 63-67

 

Index:

Syon, Danny 1953-

Title:

Galilean mints in the early Roman period : politics, economy and ethnicity / Danny Syon

Source:

Judaea and Rome in coins 65 BCE-135 CE : papers presented at the International Conference hosted by Spink, 13th-14th September 2010 / ed. by David M. Jacobson and Nikos Kokkinos. - London : Spink, 201. - P. 51-64

Abstract:

This paper examines in some detail the circulation pattern of coins in the Galilee in the Early  Roman Period that come from mints situated within or on the borders of the Galilee itself. As I will suggest, this pattern can mostly be explained through political, economic and ethnic considerations. Naturally, other coins circulated in Galilee as well in the Early Roman period, most notably coins of the Jewish rulers and the  Roman governors from the mint of Jerusalem and the coins of the Phoenician cities of Tyre and Sidon. Moreover, the patterns observed in this period are a development of patterns that crystallized in the Hasmonaean period (late 2nd–1st centuries BCE).

 

Index:

Sweeney, William B.

Title:

A hoard of antoniniani from the Mount of Olives / William B. Sweeney and Paolo Visonà

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 33 (1991) p. 263-268, pl. 22

Abstract:

A small group of antoniniani found on the Mount of Olives (Jerusalem) between 1886-1891 includes 1 specimen of Quietus, Antioch mint, 11 specimens of Gallienus and Claudius II, and 2 DIVOCLAVDIO issues, all from western mints. The hoard was concealed in the early 270s.

 

Index:

Vitale, Marco

Title:

‘Iudaea recepta’ : eine neue Legende auf Goldmünzen Vespasians / [Marco Vitale]

Source:

Ancient Society 44 (2014) p. 243-255

Abstracts:

Until now, Roman representations of the first Jewish-Roman War of 66 73 AD on Flavian coins were thought to be quite coherent, describing Iudaea as having been captured or conquered: coin types circulated with the legends Iudaea capta, Iudaea devicta or [Victoria] de Iudaeis. In contrast herewith, Iudaea was not a foreign enemy or a newly annexed province, but a province already established. But now, for the first time in the Flavian coinage, the exceptional legend Iudaea recepta appears. Compared with the other types, the new recepta issue presents a historically and politically more accurate view of Rome’s triumph over the Jewish rebels. It indicates the pacification of a province. Similar proclamations are attested on Augustan coinage.