26. Asia Minor

Index:

Amandry, Michel 1949-

Title:

'Comana' du Pont sous l'Empire romain : étude historique et 'corpus' monétaire / Michel Amandry, Bernard Rémy

Series:

Glaux ; 14

Published:

Milano : Ennerre, 1999

 

Index:

Dalaison, Julie 1975-

Title:

Néocorie et 'koinon' : les attestations et représentations du culte impérial fédéral sur les monnaies provinciales romaines du nord de l’Asie mineure (Pont, Paphlagonie et Arménie mineure) / Julie Dalaison

Source:

Kaiserkult in den Provinzen des Römischen Reiches : Organisation, Kommunikation und Repräsentation / hrsg. von Anne Kolb und Marco Vitale. - Berlin : De Gruyter, 2016. - P. 189-228

Abstract:

'Paphlagonia', 'Pontus' and 'Armenia Minor'were at the centre of the Pontic Kingdom of Mitridates VI Eupator. After the Roman conquest, this large territory was split into numerous entities (provinces, eparchies, 'koina'…) whose geographical borders remain unclear. The Roman provincial coinage issued by the cities of these regions may cast new light on the territorial units. Using reverse legends and coin types dedicated to the 'neokoria' and 'koina', this contribution is an attempt to understand the organisation and the arrangement of the imperial cult in Northern Anatolia.

 

Index:

Esch, Tobias

Title:

Ein Hortfund aus Alexandria Troas : neue Hinweise zur späten Stadtgeschichte / [Tobias Esch, Katharina Martin]

Source:

Studien zum antiken Kleinasien. VI / hrsg. Von Elmar Schwertheim. – Bonn : Habelt, 2008. – (Asia Minor Studien ; Bd. 55). – P. 93-139, pl. 26-35

 

Index:

Estiot, Sylviane

Title:

Une 'émission fantôme' de l’atelier de Cyzique au début du règne de Carus / Sylviane Estiot, Ed Dopierala, Philippe Gysen

Source:

Revue Numismatique 163 (2007) p. 197-211, pl. 54-55

Abstract:

New data from institutional collections and from on-line sales allow to reconstruct an emission in the name of Carus sole emperor issued by the Cyzicus mint. Although very far from the event, the Asia mint could, as the nearby mints Lyon and Ticinum, echo Carus' accession whom his army hailed emperor in Rhetia, before he chose his elder son Carinus as Caesar. A catalogue of these first two emissions from Cyzicus is given.

 

Index:

Estiot, Sylviane

Title:

L’Empereur et l’usurpateur : un 4e atelier oriental sous Probus / Sylviane Estiot

Source:

Studies in ancient coinage in honour of Andrew Burnett / ed. by Roger Bland and Dario Calomino. - London : Spink, 2015. - P. 259-276, pl. A-C

Abstract:

The collecting of a corpus of the coinage minted under emperor Probus (276-282 AD) allows to identify, besides Cyzicus, Antiochia and Tripolis, a 4th oriental mint. It takes from Tripolis and Antiochia bust types, reverse types and officinae marks, but is stylistically quite apart and strikes money in 6 officinae as Tripolis mints with 2 officinae and Antiochia in 9. Its existence (280-281 AD) is strictly linked to the usurpation of Saturninus in the East : the imperial army needed fresh coinage to fight the usurper, and the mint of Antiochia had fallen in his hands.

 

Index:

Gautier, Georges 1938-

Title:

Le monnayage d’argent de l’atelier de Cyzique après la réforme de Dioclétien / Georges Gautier

Source:

Revue Numismatique 167 (2011) p. 339-350

Abstract:

On the basis of a large documentation, the author reconstitutes the silver coinage of Cyzicus after 294 A.D. He consequently demonstrates the existence of two successive emissions. The first unsigned emission follows the pattern in use in all the western and central mints when the monetary reform was implemented. In a second part of the same study a catalogue of the specimens studied is given. The coinage was produced during a short period of time in 294-295 A. D. and emanated from a single officina.

 

Index:

Güney, Hale

Title:

The Roman monetary economy in Bithynia during the second half of the first century BC : the case of Nicomedia / Hale Güney

Source:

Revue Belge de Philologie et d’Histoire 93 (2015) p. 31–53

Abstract:

Located at the heart of Turkey’s industrial region today, eastern Marmara region also had a significant economic role during the Roman Period. This region was bequeathed to Rome by the last king of the Bithynian Kingdom in c. 75-74 BC and it became a new province. The first regular governor known in the province of Bithynia is C. Papirius Carbo who exclusively issues bronze coins in the Bithynian cities: Amastris, Amisus, Apameia, Bithynium, Nicaea, Nicomedia, Prusias ad Olympium, and Tium. Based on the number of coins which are survived, it can be said that the largest number of coins seems to have been minted in Nicomedia. Moreover, these coins are exclusively dated to the last year of Carbo’s office, which is 59-58 BC. The aim of this study is to define the scale of the coins issued by Carbo in Nicomedia in 59-58 BC, and to reveal the operation of coinage during this period. The main questions addressed in this paper are: a) why did Carbo issue bronze coins; b) was the coinage voluminous? and c) how did the monetary economy operate e.g. the currency for high-value transactions, in Bithynia during the second half of the first century BC? A die study of bronze coins involving Carbo’s emissions in Nicomedia was done in order to answer the question of how many dies were used, and therefore how many coins were produced. As a result, this study contributes to the current knowledge of the Roman monetary economy in Bithynia during the second half of the first century BC.

 

Index:

Fischer-Bossert, Wolfgang

Title:

Ein Kistophor von Halikarnassos / Wolfgang Fischer-Bossert

Published:

Istanbul : Ege Yayinlari, 2009

Note:

Offprint from: Ancient history, numismatics and epigraphy in the mediterranean world : studies in memory of Clemens E. Bosch and Sabbahat Atlan and in honour of Nezahat Baydur / ed. by Oğuz Tekin ; in collab. with Aliye Erol. - Istanbul : Ege Yayinlari, 2009. – P. 157-159

 

Index:

Hendin, David Bruce 1945-

Title:

A rare Roman Judaea Capta type of Asia Minor / David Hendin

Source:

Israel Numismatic Journal 16 (2007-2008) p. 109-111

Abstract:

Describes a rare Roman Judaea Capta bronze of Asia Minor that previously was unpublished in reference books, and noted only in a 1982 auction catalog.

 

Index:

Howgego, Christopher J. 1957-

Title:

Questions of coin circulation in the Roman period / Christopher Howgego

Published:

Antalya : Suna-İnan Kıraç Akdeniz Medeniyetleri Araştırma Enstitüsü, 2014

Note:

Offprint from: Birinci Uluslararasi Anadolu Para Tarihi ve Numismatik Kongresi : bildiriler = First International Congress of the Anatolian Monetary History and Numismatics / editörler: Dortluk, Kayhan, Oguz Tekin, Remziye Boyraz Seyhan ; [İngilizce editörü: Mark Wilson], - Antalya : Suna-İnan Kıraç Akdeniz Medeniyetleri Araştırma Enstitüsü, 2014. - P. 307-317

 

Index:

Hollard, Dominique 1957-

Title:

Deux monnaies cyzicènes inédites de Tacite (275-276) / Hollard (Dominique)

Source:

Bulletin de la Société Française de Numismatique 66 (2011) 5 (mai) p. 90-93

 

Index:

Johnston, Ann

Title:

Greek imperial statistics : a commentary / Ann Johnston

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 26 (1984) p. 240-257

 

Index:

Katsari, Constantina

Title:

The development of political identities in Roman Phrygia from the second century BC to the third century AD : the case of Amorium / [Constantina Katsari]

Source:

Annali dell'Istituto Italiano di Numismatica 52 (2006) p. 87-117

 

Index:

Katsari, Constantina

Title:

The monetization of Roman Asia Minor in the third century AD / Constantina Katsari

Source:

Patterns in the economy of Roman Asia Minor / editors, Stephen Mitchell and Constantina Katsari ; contributors, David Braund ... [et al.]. - Swansea : Classical Press of Wales, 2005. – P. 261-288

 

Index:

Katsari, Constantina

Title:

Opramoas and the importation of bronze coins in Roman Lycia / Constantina Katsari

Source:

Epigraphica Anatolica 35 (2003) p. 141-145

 

Index:

Köker, Hüseyin

Title:

Roma İmparatorluk Dönemi Komama Sikkeleri / Hüseyin Köker

Source:

Birinci Uluslararasi Anadolu Para Tarihi ve Numismatik Kongresi : bildiriler = First International Congress of the Anatolian Monetary History and Numismatics / editörler: Dortluk, Kayhan, Oguz Tekin, Remziye Boyraz Seyhan ; [İngilizce editörü: Mark Wilson], - Antalya : Suna-İnan Kıraç Akdeniz Medeniyetleri Araştırma Enstitüsü, 2014. - P. 345-359

 

Index:

Krzyzanowska, Aleksandra

Title:

Les influences réciproques romaines et indigènes manifestées sur les monnaies des colonies romaines de l'Asie Mineure / Aleksandra Krzyzanowska

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 10 (1968) p. 286-292

 

Index:

Leschhorn, Wolfgang

Title:

Die kaiserzeitlichen Münzen Kleinasiens : zu den Möglichkeiten und Schwierigkeiten ihrer statistischen Erfassung / Wolfgang Leschhorn

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 27 (1985) p. 200-216

Abstract:

Diskutiert werden die Möglichkeiten, aus der Anzahl der Münzstätten und aus der Zahl der in den grossen Sammlungspublikationen enthaltenen Münzen die Münzproduktion in Kleinasien unter den einzelnen Kaisern sowie in ihrer geographischen Verteilung zu errechnen. Die Probleme die mit solchen statistischen Methoden verbunden sirid, und die Erkenntnisse, die daraus für die Geschichte Kleinasiens zu gewinnen sind, werden an einzelnen Beispielen aufgezeigt.

 

Index:

Mairat, Jérôme 1979-

Title:

L'ouverture de l'atelier impérial de Cyzique sous le règne de Claude II le Gothique / Jérôme Mairat

Source:

Revue Numismatique 163 (2007) p. 175-196, pl. 49-53

Abstract:

Cyzicus struck his last provincial coins with Greek inscriptions during the reign of Claudius Gothicus. The mint became at the same time an important imperial mint, the only one in Asia Minor. The new Moneta was established by the transfer of a mint of Asia Minor, created by Gallienus and probably located in Smyrna. The existence of a transitional issue is here analyzed : these coins keep some characteristics of the previous mint but with a new style. Coins of the following issue bear on their reverse the mint-mark M C, and record the official opening of the mint as well as the beginning of the Gothic war. A corpus of these coins is given.

 

Index:

Martini, Rodolfo 1943-

Title:

Monetazione bronzea orientale di Augustus tra emissioni locali: I 'sesterzi' della Lydia ed i 'dupondi' (?) della serie AVGV/STVS (Asia Minor) alla luce di nuove analisi metallografiche / Rodolfo Martini

Source:

Ancient history, numismatics and epigraphy in the mediterranean world : studies in memory of Clemens E. Bosch and Sabbahat Atlan and in honour of Nezahat Baydur / ed. by Oğuz Tekin ; in collab. with Aliye Erol. - Istanbul : Ege Yayinlari, 2009. - P. 231-245

 

Index:

Maurice, Jules 1859-1939

Title:

Classification chronologique des émissions monétaires de l'atelier de Nicomédie pendant la période constantinienne / [Jules Maurice]

Source:

Numismatic Chronicle 4th ser. 3 (1903) p. 211-285, pl. 6-7

 

Index:

Metcalf, William Edwards

Title:

The cistophori of Hadrian / by William E. Metcalf

Series:

Numismatic studies ; 15

Published

New York : American Numismatic Society, 1980

 

Index:

Metcalf, William Edwards

Title:

Hadrianic novelties / William E. Metcalf

Source:

Yale University Art Gallery Bulletin (2011) p. 42-47

 

Index:

Metcalf, William Edwards

Title:

The Severan 'cistophori' / William E. Metcalf

Source:

Rivista Italiana di Numismatica 90 (1988) p. 155-166

 

Index:

Michaux, Briac

Title:

Relation entre les monnayages d'Iconium et d'Antioche de Pisidie émis pour Gordien III et Tranquilline / Briac Michaux

Source:

Bulletin du Cercle d'Études Numismatiques 50 (2013) 3 (septembre-décembre) p. 189-199

 

Index:

Muret, Ernest 1824-1884

Title:

Granius Marcellus, proconsul de Bithynie : monnaies d'Apamée sous les gouverneurs romains / [E. Muret]

Source:

Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 5 (1881) p. 120-127

 

Index:

Nollé, Johannes 1953-

Title:

‘Colonia und Socia der Römer’ : ein neuer Vorschlag zur Auflösung der Buchstaben ‘SR’ auf den Münzen von Antiocheia bei Pisidien / von Johannes Nollé

Source:

Rom und der griechische Osten : Festschrift für Hatto H. Schmitt zum 65. Geburtstag, dargebracht von Schülern, Freunden und Münchener Kollegen / hrsg. von Ch. Schubert und K. Brodersen ; unter Mitarb. von U. Huttner. - Stuttgart : Steiner, 1995. - P. 350-370

 

Index:

Overbeck, Bernhard 1942-

Title:

Ein Schatzfund der späten Republik von Halikarnassos / Bernhard Overbeck

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 57 (1978) p. 164-173, pl. 45-51

 

Index:

Rémy, Bernard 1942-

Title:

Une monnaie inédite de ‘Neocaesarea’ au nom de Q. Orfitasius Aufidius Umber, gouverneur de la province de Cappadoce-Galatie / Bernard Rémy, Michel Amandry et Birsel Özcan

Source:

Anatolia Antiqua 3 (1995) p. 95-97

 

Index:

Sanclementius, Henricus

Title:

De nummo M. Tullii Ciceronis a magnetibus Lydiae cum eius imagine signato : dissertatio qua ipsius incorrupta vetustas asseritur et vindicatur

Published:

Romae : [s.n.], 1805

 

Index:

Spoerri Butcher, Marguerite

Title:

Dénominations et systèmes monétaires en Asie mineure à l'époque Romaine : a propos de 'Greek Imperial dénominations' et des colonies romaines / Marguerite Spoerri Butcher

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 88 (2009) p. 217-224

Abstract:

In Ann Johnstons recent publication, Greek Imperial Denominations London 2007), the issues of the Roman colonies of Asia are considered to be the equivalents of Roman denominations: sestertius, dupondius, as and semis. This argument is flawed, as the issues of the different colonies do not fit easily in a common mould resembling the structure of the Roman coinage. A better approach would be to examine simultaneously all the issues, whether colonial or not, of a given region. In the case of Pisidia, this shows that the coinages of the Roman colonies are similar to those of Greek cities and thatthere is therefore no reason to give them Roman names.

 

Index:

Spoerri Butcher, Marguerite

Title:

L'organisation de la production monétaire au sein de la province d'Asie à l'époque de Gordien III (238-244) / Marguerite Spoerri Butcher

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatiche Rundschau 85 (2006) p. 97-128, pl. 12-13

Abstract:

This article examines the production of the coins minted in the province of Asia from 238 to 244. A detailed analysis of all the obverse dies (based on the recently published RPC volume) shows the extent of die sharing between cities and allows the work of K. Kraft to be brought up to date. The evidence presented here confirms the existence of 8 workshops (9 with Nicaea) producing obverse as well as reverse dies for a number of cities. These workshops were Smyrna, Ephesus, Akmonia, Cyzicus, Pergamum, Sardis, Mylasa and Aphrodisias. They were organised in various ways. Some of them can be recognised by numerous obverse die-links (Pergamum, Smyrna, Ephesus), others only by stylistic similarities with hardly any links (Cyzicus, Mylasa, Aphrodisias). The workshops were obviously not connected to the administrative boundaries of the province –the conventus– as Ephesus supplied cities belonging to two conventus (Ephesus and Miletus) and Nicaea cities belonging to two different provinces. Out of the 73 cities which struck coins from 238 to 244, approximately 50 drew their dies from such a workshop. Some cities (Germe, Hadrianeia, Adramytion, Akrasos, etc.) relied on more than one workshop. Several cities also entrusted local craftsmen with the manufacture of their dies (Lampsacus, Daldis, Kibyra, etc.), others (Tiberiopolis, Germe, etc.) combined the use of locally produced dies with foreign ones. The reasons for this remain largely unclear, though it may be the case that a sudden increase in the volume of a coinage, as in the case for Germè, forced a city to utilize several sources in order to meet a higher demand for dies. Some workshops encouraged a degree of homogeneity among the coinages of the cities they supplied with dies. This is particularly clear for Smyrna where for example almost all the cities minted pseudo-autonomous coins of 25 mm in the name of the Senate and where similar obverse and reverse types were used on coins of the same denomination. This last phenomenon must be seen as the sign of a standardisation of the monetary system, rather than a choice influenced by the iconographical types available at the workshop. It remains uncertain for the moment whether the workshops were also in charge of the production of the flans and of the minting of the coinage. Some evidence suggests that on occasion, at least, flans might have been produced separately for each city. The craftsmen responsible for engraving the dies must have had models of the emperor and his wife in order to execute their portraits. Nevertheless each workshop created its own type of portrait, which implies that they did not rely on the same centrally produced imagines. Sometimes however the portraits depicted on the coins do not resemble the rulers at all (Kibyra, Tiberiopolis) or resemble one of a previous emperor (Alexander Severus in the case of Philomelion), which leads us to the assumption that the engraver(s) must have lacked a trustworthy picture of the emperor. A workshop like Smyrna has even imposed a stereotype portrait for most of the emperors and the empresses (this is clearly noticeable on the headdress) of the 3rd century, the only way in differentiating them from each other being the name and the titles of the ruler. 

 

Index:

Stroobants, Fran

Title:

Buying and selling in late Roman Pisidia : a hypothetical framework of coin use in Sagalassos and its countryside / Fran Stroobants & Jeroen Poblome

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 161 (2015) p. 73-104

Abstract:

An attempt is made to identify potential variations in the use of monetary instruments in rural and urban areas in various parts of central and northern Italy. Special attention is paid to Tuscany and Rome, because of the quantitative importance of the material from archaeological excavations. The most significant development seems to be the simplification of the structure of the monetary emissions and the disappearance of small change, two developments that gradually level off the difference between urban and rural areas.

 

Index:

Sutherland, Carol Humphrey Vivian 1908-1986

Title:

Augustan aurei and denarii attribuable to the mint of Pergamum / C.H.V. Sutherland

Source:

Revue Numismatique 6e sér. 15 (1973) p. 129-151

 

Index:

Sutherland, Carol Humphrey Vivian 1908-1986

Title:

Zur Interpretation von Cistophoren mit Gegenstempeln / C.H.V. Sutherland

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 51-54 (Mai 1964) p. 76-81

 

Index:

Tek, Ahmet Tolga

Title:

The coins of Gordianus III found at Arykanda : evidence for an earthquake relief fund in Lycia? / Ahmet Tolga Tek

Source:

XIII Congreso Internacional de Numismática, Madrid, 2003 : actas = proceedings = actes. I / ed. por Carmen Alfaro, Carmen Marcos y Paloma Otero. - Madrid : Ministerio de Cultura, Subdirección General de Publicaciones, Información y Documentación, 2005. - P. 947-957

 

Index:

Watson, George

Title:

A hoard of Roman Provincial bronzes from Pamphylia / by George Watson

Published:

London : Royal Numismatic Society, 2014

Note:

Offprint from: Numismatic Chronicle 174 (2014) p. 307-316, pl. 45-49

 

Index:

Weiser, Wolfram

Title:

Namen römischer Statthalter auf Münzen Kleinasiens : Corrigenda und Addenda zu Gerd Stumpfs Münzcorpus / Wolfram Weiser

Source:

Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 123 (1998) p. 275-290

 

Index:

Weisser, Bernhard

Title:

Der Capricornus des Augustus in Pergamon / Bernhard Weisser

Source:

XIII Congreso Internacional de Numismática, Madrid, 2003 : actas = proceedings = actes. I / ed. por Carmen Alfaro, Carmen Marcos y Paloma Otero. - Madrid : Ministerio de Cultura, Subdirección General de Publicaciones, Información y Documentación, 2005. - P. 965-971

 

Index:

Woytek, Bernhard 1974-

Title:

Die Cistophore der Kaiser Nerva und Traian : (mit einem systematischen Anhang zu typologisch verwandtem traianischem Provinzialsilber) / Bernhard Woytek

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 89 (2010) p. 69-125, pl. 18-26

Abstract:

This article is the first systematic study of the cistophori of Nerva and Trajan, which were struck in AD 97 and 98. It includes a catalogue, with detailed references, a commentary on the types used, and an analysis of the metrology of the series. Close consideration of the system underlying the production of these cistophori brings to light clear parallels with the contemporary imperial coinage and suggests that they were, in all probability, struck at the mint of Rome and shipped to Asia Minor. An appendix systematically considers two separate series of typologically related «cistophoric» coins with Greek legends, issued by Trajan.

 

Index:

Ziegler, Ruprecht 1945-

Title:

Zur Münzprägung der römischen Kolonie Cremna in Pisidien unter Aurelian / Ruprecht Ziegler

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 112 (November 1978) p. 89-92