18. Netherlands

Index:

Aarts, Joris Gerardus 1962-

Title:

Monetisation and army recruitment in the Dutch river area in the early 1st century / by Joris Aarts

Published:

Berlin : De Gruyter, cop. 2002

Note:

Offprint from: Kontinuität und Diskontinuität : Germania inferior am Beginn und am Ende der römischen Herrschaft : Beiträge des deutsch-niederländischen Kolloquiums in der Katholieke Universiteit Nijmegen (27. bis 30.06. 2001) / hrsg. von Thomas Grünewald und Sandra Seibel. – Berlin : de Gruyter, 2003. – (Ergänzungsbände zum Reallexikon der germanischen Altertumskunde ; Bd. 35). – P. 162-180

 

Index:

Aarts, Joris Gerardus 1962-

Title:

De munten : Romeins geld in een ‘gewoon’ boerendorp ? / Joris Aarts, Jelle Prins

Source:

Een nederzetting en grafveld uit de Romeinse tijd op de Heesmortel bij Riethoven / Henk Hiddink ; met bijdr. van: Joris Aarts ... [et al.]. - Amsterdam : VUhbs-Vrije Universiteit, cop. 2013. - (Zuidnederlandse archeologische rapporten ; 51). - P. 91-100, 271-277

 

Index:

Bazelmans, Josephus Godefridus Antonius 1963-

Title:

De Romeinse muntvondsten uit de drie noordelijke provincies : methodische kanttekeningen bij een nieuwe periodisering der relaties / door Jos Bazelmans ; met een commentaar van W.A. van Es ; [red.: Arent Pol]

Series:

Van Gelder-lezing ; 2

Published:

Utrecht : Stichting Nederlandse Penningkabinetten, 2004

 

Index:

Beliën, Paulus Antonius Maria 1967-

Title:

Zilver op de es : een Romeinse muntschat uit Anloo / P.A.M. Beliën en W.A.B. van der Sanden

Source:

Nieuwe Drentse Volksalmanak 127 (2010) p. 157-180

 

Index:

Benjamins, Jan

Title:

Terug naar Nieuwe Krim : op zoek naar een verdwenen Romeinse muntschat / J. Benjamins, J.A. Benjamins-Palte en W.A.B. van der Sanden

Source:

Nieuwe Drentse Volksalmanak 130 (2013) p. 103-115

Abstract:

This article discusses the search for a Roman coin hoard that was found near Nieuwe Krim, municipality of Coevorden, in early June 1926. The hoard is known only from descriptions by the mayor of Coevorden (fig. 1), who informed Dr A.E. van Giffen, the curator of the Drents Museum, of its discovery in a letter. From the correspondence we can infer that the hoard consisted of 100 denarii datable to the Late Republic and the Early Imperial Age (c. 150 BC–AD 14). They were found by the peat digger Pieter Jan Harm Schonewille (born in Gramsbergen in 1902) a short distance to the east of the area onto which the village of Nieuwe Krim was built. The findspot can be indicated on the map by approximation only (fig. 4). It must have been fairly close to the boundary of the province of Overijssel, where the peat deposit was about 3.5 m thick. The hoard was found at a depth of 1.20 m. The coins were packed close together, surrounded by a greyish matter that the mayor described as turfas (‘peat ash’). It is unlikely to have been disintegrated leather. A leather pouch would probably have been preserved by the peat (cf. the leather pouch of Barger-Compascuum). It is not very likely that it was wool or wood either, as those materials would likewise have survived in the peat of the raised bog. The coins may well have been contained in a linen pouch; the chances of linen surviving in raised bog peat are known to be zero. The authors pored over newspapers and archives and talked to (former) residents of Nieuwe Krim/Dalerpeel in the hope of locating the present whereabouts of the only early Roman coin hoard ever found in the province of Drenthe. But the only information that came to light in the search is that the coins came into the possession of the peat’s owner, F.C. Colenbrander, in 1926 (fig. 2). There is nothing to tell us what Colenbrander then did with that precious find. We know that he lived at the Reuversweerd stately home in Brummen (fig. 3) until his death in 1933. After that time his sister Henriette Egbertine Colenbrander († 1941) and her husband, Baron Maurits Pico Diederik van Sytzama († 1939), lived at Reuversweerd; Johannes Galenus Willem Hendrik, Baron van Sytzama (†1945), lived at the house until the end of World War II. He was executed by the Germans and his home was badly damaged. We may safely assume that the coin hoard, which was probably deposited in the bog as a votive gift in the first half of the first century AD, possibly by an inhabitant of the region who had served in the Roman army, was lost forever. The coin hoard is not the only find to have been recovered from the peat near Nieuwe Krim. The mayor also refers to seeds and hittenhoeven (we don’t know what he may have meant by that) in a letter, while a newspaper report from 1941 mentions stones. Those finds have not survived either, so nothing can be said with any certainty about their exact nature, age or meaning.

 

Index:

Boersma, Johannes Sipko 1935-

Title:

The Roman coins from the province of Zeeland / Joh. S. Boersma

Source:

Berichten van de Rijksdienst voor het Oudheidkundig Bodemonderzoek 17 (1967) p. 65-97, pl. 21

 

Index:

Bloemers, Johan Hendrik Frederik 1940-

Title:

Ein spätrömischer Goldmünzenfund aus Obbicht, Prov. Limburg / J.H.F. Bloemers

Source:

Berichten van de Rijksdienst voor het Oudheidkundig Bodemonderzoek 19 (1969)  p. 73-80, pl. 5-6

 

Index:

Bogaers, Julianus Egidius Alphonsus Theresia 1926-1996

Title:

Een hybridische sestertius uit Bergharen / [J.E. Bogaers]

Source:

Jaarboek voor Munt- en Penningkunde 60-61 (1973) p. 173

 

Index:

Bogaers, Julianus Egidius Alphonsus Theresia 1926-1996

Title:

Vreemd geld van het Kops Plateau / [J.E. Bogaers]

Published:

[S.l. : s.n., ca. 1978]

Note:

Offprint from: Numaga 25 (1978) 1 (maart) p. 17-26

 

Index:

Bogaers, Julianus Egidius Alphonsus Theresia 1926-1996

Title:

De Vughtse schatvondst / [J.E. Bogaers]

Source:

Brabants Heem 14 (1962) 5 p. 133-138

 

Index:

Dirks, Jacob 1811-1892

Title:

Médaillon et monnaies anciennes, en or, trouvées en Frise / [J. Dirks]

Source:

Revue de la Numismatique Belge 4e sér. 3 (1865) p.443-445, pl. 16

 

Index:

Dirks, Jacob 1811-1892

Title:

De vondsten van Onna en Feins / beschr. en toegel. door J. Dirks

Source:

De Vrije Fries 16 (1886) p. 311-385

 

Index:

Evers, J.H.

Title:

Muntvondst Hapert / door J.H. Evers

Source:

Jaarboek voor Munt- en Penningkunde 56-57 (1969-1970) p. 5-24, pl. 1

Abstract:

Detailed description of a hoard of 2572 small Roman coins found at Hapert (Noord-Brabant) in 1939 and acquired by the Royal Coin Collection in 1953 (16 more coins were dispersed). After careful cleaning types and dates of almost all the coins could be ascertained; c. 600 coins could be attributed to a mint. The large majority was struck in the period 388-408; 9 coins could with certainty be dated after 402.

 

Index:

Galestin, Marianne Caroline 1947-

Title:

Interpretations of Roman coin hoards / Marjan Galestin

Source:

Interpreting deposits: linking ritual with economy : papers on mediterranean archaeology / ed. by A.J. Nijboer. - Groningen : Groningen Institute for Archaeology, 2001). - (Caeculus ; 4). - P. 81-99

 

Index:

Groot, Tessa de 1977-

Title:

Onderzoek naar de context van een laat-Romeinse muntschat in Sint Anthonis (Noord Brabant)  / T. de Groot ... [et al.] ; met bijdr. van E. Rensink

Series:

Rapportage archeologische monumentenzorg ; 203

Published:

Amersfoort : Rijksdienst voor het Cultureel Erfgoed, cop. 2012

 

Index:

Haak, Abraham C. 1928-

Title:

De Romeinse muntvondst van het Domplein te Utrecht / door A.C. Haak en A.N. Zadoks-Josephus Jitta

Source:

Jaarboek voor Munt- en Penningkunde 47 (1960) p. 1-6, pl. 1-3

Abstract:

In the course of excavations in 1932 a hoard of 50 aurei was found in the remains of a Roman camp which was burnt down in the revolt of 69. The majority of them are portrait coins of Nero which are briefly discussed. Two of the coins are hitherto unpublished aurei from the civil-war period. It is suggested that the coins were the savings of a soldier, perhaps of the rank of a centurio. The pay of a centurio decimus is calculated, as well as the amount he could save annually (6 aurei). It appears that from 64 onwards the possessor of the coins saved approximately this amount each year.

 

Index:

Haalebos, Jan Kees 1942-2001

Title:

Munten uit Maurik / J.K. Haalebos

Published:

[S.l. : s.n., 1976]

Note:

Offprint from: Oudheidkundige mededelingen uit het Rijksmuseum van Oudheden te Leiden 57 (1976)

 

Index:

Heeren, Stijn 1976-

Title:

Archeologisch onderzoek op de vindplaats van gouden munten en hakzilver uit de 5de eeuw bij Pey, gemeente Echt-Susteren / Stijn Heeren en Jan Roymans

Series:

Zuidnederlandse archeologische rapporten ; 57

Published:

Amsterdam : Archeologisch Centrum Vrije Universiteit, 2014

 

Index:

Heeren, Stijn 1976-

Title:

De Laat-Romeinse goudschat van Echt en het einde van het Romeinse gezag in Nederland / Stijn Heeren, Jan Roymans en Nico Roymans

Source:

Archeobrief 18 (2014) 3 (september) p. 2-7

 

Index:

Jamar, Joseph Toussaint Johannes 1944-2010

Title:

A hoard of late Roman coins from Heerlen / J.T.J. Jamar and J.P.A. van der Vin

Source:

Berichten van de Rijksdienst voor het Oudheidkundig Bodemonderzoek 26 (1976) p. 169-174

 

Index:

Jongkees, Jan Hendrik 1913-1967

Title:

Laat-Romeinsche munten in Utrecht / [J.H.]

Source:

Maandblad van 'Oud-Utrecht' 25 (1952) 7 p. 56

 

Index:

Kalee, C.A.

Title:

Munten [Vechten-Fectio] / C.A. Kalee ; met een bijdr. van M. Polak

Source:

De Romeinse versterkingen in Vechten-Fectio : het archeologisch onderzoek in 1946-1947 / M.J.M. Zandstra en M. Polak ; met bijdr. van C. Isings ... [et al.]. - Nijmegen : Auxilia, 2012). - (Auxiliaria ; 11). - P. 204-215

 

Index:

Kemmers, Fleur 1977-

Title:

Caligula on the Lower Rhine : coin finds from the Roman fort of Albaniana (The Netherlands) / Fleur Kemmers

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 150 (2004) p. 15-49

 

Index:

Kemmers, Fleur 1977-

Title:

The coin finds from the Augustan legionary fortress at Nijmegen (The Netherlands) : coin circulation in the Lower Rhine area before Drusus’ campaigns / Fleur Kemmers

Source:

XIII Congreso Internacional de Numismática, Madrid, 2003 : actas = proceedings = actes. I / ed. por Carmen Alfaro, Carmen Marcos y Paloma Otero. - Madrid : Ministerio de Cultura, Subdirección General de Publicaciones, Información y Documentación, 2005. - P. 987-1990

 

Index:

Kemmers, Fleur 1977-

Title:

The coin finds from the Roman fort Albaniana (The Netherlands) / Fleur Kemmers

Source:

XIII Congreso Internacional de Numismática, Madrid, 2003 : actas = proceedings = actes. I / ed. por Carmen Alfaro, Carmen Marcos y Paloma Otero. - Madrid : Ministerio de Cultura, Subdirección General de Publicaciones, Información y Documentación, 2005. - P. 709-714

 

Index:

Kemmers, Fleur 1977-

Title:

Interaction or indifference? : the Roman coin finds from the Lower Rhine delta / Fleur Kemmers

Source:

Roman coins outside the Empire : ways and phases, contexts and functions ; proceedings of the ESF/SCH exploratory workshop, Radziwiłł Palace, Nieborów (Poland), 3-6 September 2005 / [scientific ed.: Aleksander Bursche, Renata Ciolek, Reinhard Wolters]. - Wetteren : Moneta, 2008. (Collection Moneta ; 82). – P. 93-103

 

Index:

Kemmers, Fleur 1977-

Title:

Kleingeld aan de grens : Romeinse munten in Nijmegen / [F. Kemmers]

Source:

Nijmegen : geschiedenis van de oudste stad van Nederland. [Dl. I]: Prehistorie en Oudheid / redactieraad Hans Bots ... [et al.] ; eindred. Lisenka Fox. - Wormer : Inmerc, 2005. - P. 226-229

 

Index:

Kemmers, Fleur 1977-

Title:

Marcus Agrippa and the earliest Roman fortress at Nijmegen : the coin finds from the Hunerberg / Fleur Kemmers

Source:

Del imperium de Pompeyo a la auctoritas de Augusto : homenaje a Michael Grant / María Paz García-Bellido, Antonio Mostalac, Alicia Jiménez (eds.). - Madrid : Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Instituto de Historia, 2008. - (Anejos de Archivo Español de Arqueología ; 47). - P. 165-172

Abstract:

The remarkable coin assemblage from the Augustan legionary fortress on the Hunerberg, Nijmegen, The Netherlands is discussed in some detail. On the basis of a comparison with assemblages from military bases in the Rhine-area a date of 19-16/12 B.C. is proposed for the fortress, linking it to Agrippa’s second governorship of Gaul. Furthermore attention is paid to coin circulation in the north-west before the large scale production of Nemausus coins.

 

Index:

Kemmers, Fleur 1977-

Title:

Munten / F. Kemmers

Source:

Alphen aan den Rijn-Albaniana 2001-2002 : opgravingen tussen de Castellumstraat, het Omloopkanaal en de Oude Rijn / M. Polak, R.P.J. Kloosterman en R.A.J. Niemeijer ; met bijdr. van J.P. Chorus ... [et al.] ; [eindred.: M. Polak]. - Nijmegen : Radboud Universiteit, Provinciaal-Romeinse Archeologie, 2004. - (Libelli Noviomagenses ; 7). – P. 165-188

 

Index:

Kemmers, Fleur 1977-

Title:

Munten / Fleur Kemmers

Source:

Twee nederzettingen op de grens van het Romeinse rijk : opgraving Huissen Loostraat-Zuid / Miel Schurmans ; [red.: J. van Renswoude. ; bijdr.: M. Groot ... [et al.]  - Amsterdam : Archeologisch Centrum Vrije Universiteit : Hendrik Brunsting Stichting, 2008. - P. 85-94

 

Index:

Kemmers, Fleur 1977-

Title:

Nachleben oder Neubeginn? : Überlegungen zur Verwendung von spätrömischen Bronzemünzen in Siedlungen des 5. Jahrhunder / Fleur Kemmers

Source:

Lege artis : Festschrift für Hans-Markus von Kaenel / hrsg. von Fleur Kemmers, Thomas Maurer und Britta Rabe. - Bonn : Habelt, 2014. - (Frankfurter archäologische Schriften ; 25). - P. 161-172, pl. 10

 

Index:

Kemmers, Fleur 1977-

Title:

Quadrantes from Nijmegen : small change in a frontier province / Fleur Kemmers

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 82 (2003) p. 17-35

 

Index:

Kemmers, Fleur 1977-

Title:

De Romeinse muntvondsten van het terrein De Hoge Woerd in De Meern (gemeente Utrecht) / Fleur Kemmers

Source:

Jaarboek voor Munt-en Penningkunde 95 (2009) p. 1-64

 

Index:

Knippenberg, Willem Herman Theodoor 1910-

Title:

Enige Romeinse munten uit Noord-Brabant / [W. Th. Knippenberg]

Source:

Brabants Heem 7 (1955) p. 42-43

 

Index:

Knippenberg, Willem Herman Theodoor 1910-

Title:

Romeinse muntschatvondst uit Lier / [W.H.Th. Knippenberg]

Source:

Brabants Heem 18 (1966) p. 98-102

 

Index:

Knippenberg, Willem Herman Theodoor 1910-

Title:

[Romeinse muntvondsten in Oss] / [W.H.Th. Knippenberg]

Source:

In: Brabants Heem 16 (1964) p. 90-92

 

Index:

Kok, Ruurd 1969-

Title:

Romeinse munten in Gouda? / Ruurd Kok en Bouke Jan van der Veen

Source:

Tidinge van die Goude 19 (2001) p. 110-116

 

Index:

Kropff, Antony

Title:

Coins and continuity in the Dutch river area at the end of the third century AD / Antony Kropff and Jos P.A. van der Vin

Source:

European Journal of Archaeology 6 (2003) 1 p. 55-87

Abstract:

The coin series from sites in the Dutch River area show a break during the last three decades of the third century and the first decade of the fourth century AD. Coins minted for Aurelian and his successors to the throne up to Constantine I are very scarce for all sites. The break has been interpreted to indicate the end of occupation of castella and settlements around AD 275. When the site finds from the Dutch River area are presented in the form of an adapted histogram however, the coin series show a striking similarity to site finds from Roman Britain, where, on the whole, continuity was safeguarded during the third century. The article argues that this gap in the coin series - detectable all over the western part of the Roman Empire - is caused by the special character of coin circulation during this period in the west and does not indicate the end of activities on the site that provided the coins. Coin finds even seem to suggest continuity during this period for a number of sites in the Dutch River area.

 

Index:

Melker, Saskia R. de

Title:

Keizers in het zand / S.R. de Melker

Source:

Hermeneus 56 (1984) 3 (juli) p. 197-202

 

Index:

Oosterbaan, Jeroen

Title:

Tot de laatste 'denarius' : een onderzoek naar de context van een Romeinse muntschat in het kader van de verlegging van de Zandwetering : project 418 / auteur[s]: Jeroen Oosterbaan en Davy Kastelein ; [red.: Bart Vermeulen]

Series:

Interne Rapportages Archeologie Deventer ; nr. 75

Published:

Deventer : Gemeente Deventer, cop. 2013

 

Index:

Quast, Dieter 1963-

Title:

Velp und verwandte Schatzfunde des frühen 5. Jahrhunderts / Dieter Quast

Source:

Acta Praehistorica et Archaeologica 41 (2009) p. 207-230

Abstract:

Two treasure troves from the early 5th century, deposited independently, are known from Velp in the province of Gelderland in the Netherlands. The first one was found already in 1715 and contained five medaillons (Galla Placidia and Honorius), golden rings and ‘a huge amount of gold coins'. Those objects still preserved together weigh a little more than 250g. Seven golden neck-rings with punched decoration are the principal objects of the second treasure trove, found in 1851, together with two Roman gold fingerrings and two pieces of 'hacked gold'. With more than 530g of gold, this hoard is one of the richest found in the Frankish area. Neckrings of type Velp are known exclusively from some treasure troves from the Lower Rhine area; all of these belong to a horizon of treasure troves from nearly all of Europe. Reasons for the deposition of these hoards can’t be reconstructed with certainty, but treasure troves with neck-rings of type Velp are only known from areas without contemporary richly furnished male burials. Members of the male elite apparently displayed their wealth by votive offerings during their lifetimes. Velp is characterised by its two treasures troves, and it can be assumed to have been an important early Frankish centre.

 

Index:

Rabouw, Natasja A.

Title:

Munten van Romeinse grensforten in Nederland / N.A. Rabouw ; woord vooraf door J.P.A. van der Vin

Source:

Jaarboek voor Munt- en Penningkunde 83 (1996) p. 51-68

Abstract:

This article summarizes the author's doctoral thesis, in which she succeeded in dating these forts on the basis of the coins found in them. A study of the data provided by the finds has shown that the 'limes' in the Netherlands was not built in one go. Three phases can be distinguished in the building up of the boundary. It seems that the Roman attached much importance to a thorough protection of the region they had just conquered. This study has yielded a more balanced view of the genesis of the 'limes'.

 

Index:

Roymans, Nico Gerardus Antonius Maria 1954-

Title:

A Late Roman 'solidus' hoard with 'Hacksilber' from Echt (prov. Limburg/NL) / Nico Roymans, Stijn Heeren

Published:

Mainz : Verlag des Römisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseums, 2015

Note:

Offprint from: Archäologisches Korrespondenzblatt 45 (2015) 4 p. 549-562

Abstract:

Following the discovery of gold coins in an agrarian field at Echt, an excavation was carried out, resulting in the documentation of the complete hoard and its archaeological context. The hoard contained twelve gold solidi, a gold ring, a silver ingot and ten pieces of Hacksilber. One of the silver plates is a piece of exceptional size and quality. The hoard was placed in a pit, without a visible container, at an off-site location. Comparable hoards are found in a remarkable concentration along the Lower Rhine and adjacent areas in Belgium, the Netherlands and Northwest Germany. The majority of these hoards are dated to the early 5th century and are connected to the period of disintegration of Roman authority in this area, when Germanic federates were paid to guard the Rhine frontier by the usurper and later co-emperor Constantine III (407-411).

 

Index:

Sanden, Wijnand Antonius Bernardus van der 1953-

Title:

Nieuw licht op de muntschat van Balloo (Dr.) / Wijnand van der Sanden & Henk Luning

Source:

Paleo-aktueel 21 (2010) p. 71-77

 

Index:

Scheijvens, Godfried

Title:

Een muntdepot van zevenentwintig denarii gevonden in Lith (gemeente Oss, Noord-Brabant) / Godfried Scheijvens

Source:

De archeologische schatkamer Maaskant : bewoning van het Noordoost-Brabantse rivierengebied tussen 3000 v. en 1500 n.Chr. / red. Richard Jansen ; [tekstred.: Yvonne Lammers-Keijsers]. - Leiden : Sidestone Press, cop. 2014. - P. 407-412

 

Index:

Senden, Arjan

Title:

Munt slaan uit de Bataafse Opstand / Arjan Senden

Source:

De Beeldenaar 31 (2007) 3 p. 101-105

 

Index:

Sprenger, Jan

Title:

De Romeinse munten in het Provinciaal Museum voor Kunst en Oudheden te Maastricht / door J. Sprenger

Source:

Jaarboek voor Munt- en Penningkunde 44 (1957) p. 5-16

 

Index:

Tijmann, Iris D.

Title:

Romeins geld uit Vechten / Iris Tymann

Source:

Het Kromme-Rijngebied 30 (1996) 2 p. 31-37

 

Index:

Van Heesch, Johan 1955-

Title:

Coin circulation in Nijmegen during the reign of Augustus: the evidence of small hoards / Johan Van Heesch

Source:

XIII Congreso Internacional de Numismática, Madrid, 2003 : actas = proceedings = actes. I / ed. por Carmen Alfaro, Carmen Marcos y Paloma Otero. - Madrid : Ministerio de Cultura, Subdirección General de Publicaciones, Información y Documentación, 2005. - P. 991-994

 

Index:

Veen, Bouke Jan van der

Title:

[Muntvondst] Goedereede-Ouddorp / [Bouke Jan van der Veen]

Source:

Holland 37 (2002) p. 75-78

 

Index:

Verhagen, Jacques H.

Title:

De collectie Breekpot. [1]: Een oud vondstbericht opnieuw bekeken / J.H. Verhagen

Source:

Brabants Heem 35 (1983) 1 p. 78-84

 

Index:

Verhagen, Jacques H.

Title:

De collectie Breekpot. 2 / J.H. Verhagen

Source:

Brabants Heem 35 (1983) 3 p. 172

 

Index:

Verhagen, Jacques H.

Title:

De collectie Breekpot. 3 / J.H. Verhagen

Source:

Brabants Heem 40 (1988) 3 p. 125-134

 

Index:

Vin, Josephus Paulus Antonius van der 1945-2011

Title:

Romeinse en vroegmiddeleeuwse munten uit een stadskernopgraving in Maastricht / door J.P.A. van der Vin en T.A.S.M. Panhuysen

Source:

De Beeldenaar 7 (1983) 4 p. 3-7

 

Index:

Vons, Piet

Title:

The identification of heavily corroded Roman coins found at Velsen : an attempt at a closer dating of the early Roman settlement 'Velsen I' / P. Vons

Source:

Berichten van de Rijksdienst voor het Oudheidkundig Bodemonderzoek 27 (1977) p. 139-163

 

Index:

Vons, Piet

Title:

A second-century Roman hoard of corroded denarii from Uitgeest / P. Vons

Source:

Berichten van de Rijksdienst voor het Oudheidkundig Bodemonderzoek 37 (1987) p. 123-152