12. Late Antiquity

Index:

Alföldi, Andreas 1895-1981

Title:

Isis-szertartások Rómában a negyedik század keresztény császárai alatt =  A festival of Isis in Rome under the Christian emperors of the 4th century : being a lecture, given at the International Congress of the Numismatists, London 1936 / Alfoldi Andras

Series:

Dissertationes pannonicae ex Instituto numismatico et archaeologico universitatis de Petro Pazmany nominatae Budapestinensis provenientes. Ser. II ; fasc. 7

Published:

Budapest : Institute of Numismatics and Archeology of the Pazmany-Universiy, 1937

 

Index:

Asolati, Michele

Title:

La distribuzione della moneta bronzea ufficiale e imitativa in età tardo antica : i casi dei gruzzoli di Gortyna 2011 (IV sec. d.C.) e di Aquileia 2011 (V sec. d. C.) / Michele Asolati

Source:

Produktion und recyceln von Münzen in der Spätantike = Produire et recycler la monnaie au Bas-Empire / Jérémie Chameroy et Pierre-Marie Guihard (dir.). - Mainz : Verlag des Römisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseums, 2016. - (RGZM-Tagungen ; Bd. 29). - P. 199-215

Abstract:

The paper focuses on some aspects of the distribution of official and unofficial bronze coins in the 4th and 5th century in the Central and Eastern Mediterranean. Two new hoards, unearthed in 2011 during the excavations of the University of Padua at Gortyn (Crete) and at Aquileia (Prov. Udine), still unpublished, could shed new light on this topic. The first one ends in 365 and contains mostly bronze coins of the Thessalonica mint. The die-linkages, the clear prevalence of coins struck in the Thessalonica mint, the recurrence of some coin types, the link between the type and the officina of the coins struck under Valentinian I / Valens suggest that the owner of the hoard obtained the coins from a source strictly connected with the mint, if not directly from the mint itself: this is possible evidence of the existence of free access to the Imperial mints in this period. The second hoard was concealed in about the middle of the 5th century and contains a substantial number of AE4 imitations. Die-linkages and the fabric of the blanks suggest that the vast majority of the imitation coins with the Victoria types are linked to each other. Probably the minting site was not too far from the find-spot of the hoard. It is possible that the production of these imitations was located in the Aquileia area after the Imperial mint had closed.

 

Index:

Asolati, Michele

Title:

Emissioni enee dell’età di Onorio con sigla 'SM' : una nuova attribuzione / Michele Asolati

Source:

Inspecto nummo : scritti di numismatica, medaglistica e sfragistica offerti dagli allievi a Giovanni Gorini / a cura di Andrea Saccocci. - Padova : Esedra, cop. 2001. - P. 75-96

 

Index:

Beliën, Paulus Antonius Maria 1967-

Title:

Het einde van de wereld : de nadagen van het Romeinse Rijk / door P.A.M. Beliën

Source:

Teylers Magazijn 54 (voorjaar 1997) p. 11-13

 

Index:

Bendall, Simon

Title:

Anonymous western half-siliquae of the late fourth century / Simon Bendall

Source:

Revue Numismatique 159 (2003) p. 457-461

Abstract:

Following a suggestion of the late Dr Kent, it is proposed here that the three types of anonymous half-siliquae with X or XV struck at Trier or Aquileia allude to imperial vota dating to 381.

 

Index:

Bland, Roger

Title:

Anonymous half-siliquae of the late 4th century AD / Roger Bland

Published:

London : Royal Numismatic Society, 2010

Note:

Offprint from: Numismatic Chronicle 170 (2010) p. 205-214, pl. 13-14

Abstract:

The purpose of this note is to discuss a small group of anonymous half-siliquae of the late 4th century AD which contain a bust of Roma on the obverse with a reverse containing either X or XV within a wreath, from the mints of Trier and Aquileia.

 

Index:

Brenot, Claude

Title:

Le bronze du Ve siècle à la lumière de quelques sites provençaux / Claude Brenot

Source:

Revue Numismatique 159 (2003) p. 41-56

Abstract:

Excavations carried out over the past decades in various places in the centre of Marseilles have yielded more than a thousand bronze coins from the period of Late Antiquity. Their analysis and comparison with other finds in the region reveals that in the close vicinity of Aries, the seat of the pretorian prefect and the last mint of Gaul, the Aes 4s which had been cast as a remedy for the scarceness and, later, complete lack of official coins, were in turn progressively eliminated. The striking of copper coins, undertaken by the Franks in Provence between 530 and 548, did not succeed in preventing the disappearence of small coinage which, throughout the fifth century, had spread to all parts of Gaul.

 

Index:

Bruck, Guido 1920-1966

Title:

Die spätrömische Kupferprägung : ein Bestimmungsbuch für schlecht erhaltene Münzen / Guido Bruck

Published:

Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1961

 

Index:

Chameroy, Jérémie 1976-

Title:

Ein spätantiker Münzschatz aus Tunesien im RGZM : Untersuchungen zu Umlauf, Prägung und Thesaurierung von Imitationen im ausgehenden 3. Jahrhundert in Nordafrika / Jérémie Chameroy

Source:

Jahrbuch des Römisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseums Mainz 55 (2008) 2 p. 335-428, pl. 1-32

Abstract:

In 1986 the RGZM bought a Late Roman coin-hoard which had been found at an unknown point of time and location in Tunisia. Disregarding five bronze coins of the 4th-5th century, which were probably only added to the hoard after its discovery, the hoard comprises 378 imitations of the late 3rd century. The official prototypes of these imitations are the consecration coins of Claudius II. (Divo Claudio) minted in Rome around 270, as well as the antoniniani of the Gallic usurpers Victorinus (269-271) and Tetricus (271-274) struck in Trier and Cologne. The imitations of the Gallic Empire exceed in number those of the Divo Claudio imitations. A part of the imitations found in the Tunisian hoard was produced in the 270ies and 280ies in illegal local workshops in Italy and Gaul, whence they found their way to North Africa. However, the Tunisian hoard in the RGZM provides a significant assemblage of Divo Claudio imitations, which owing to their style are connected to one another and with other North African coin-hoards. As a result of these observations, we conclude that there was a North African production of Divo Claudio imitations. Moreover, the strong affinity of Victorinus and Tetricus imitations within the Tunisian hoard in the RGZM with comparable pieces in Algerian coin-hoards (Announa I and II) proves that coins of the Gallic usurpers were also struck in North Africa. The Tunisian hoard in the RGZM, which was hidden at the beginning of the 4th century at the latest, shows that the intensive striking of imitations from the 270ies and 280ies was not restricted to Gaul and Britain, but also occurred in the North African provinces. Together with the other coin-hoards  of group IV (tab. 2) it bears witness to the currency crisis (inflation, lack of money) which gripped the provinces of Africa Proconsularis and Numidia in the final third of the 3rd century.

 

Index:

Chirila, Eugen

Title:

Ergänzungen zu Late Roman bronze coinage / [Eugen Chirila, Nicolae Gudea, Ion Stratan]

Source:

Apulum 11 (1973) p. 223-236

 

Index:

Doyen, Jean-Marc 1954-

Title:

Bronzes inédits d'Honorius et de Valentinien III / Jean Marc Doyen ; avec la collab. de Renato Campo, Michel Moreau & Agostina Sferrazza

Source:

Bulletin du Cercle d'Études Numismatiques, 52 (2015) 3 p. 24-29

 

Index:

Drost, Vincent

Title:

'Exagia' solidi et contrôle de l’or monnayé sous le règne de Julien / Drost (Vincent)

Source:

Bulletin de la Société Française de Numismatique 71 (2016) 1 (janvier) p. 11-18

 

Index:

Kropff, Antony C. 1951-

Title:

Late Roman coin hoards in the West: trash or treasure? / Antony Kropff

Source:

Revue Belge de Numismatique 153 (2007) p. 73-86

Abstract:

The late third century AD yielded many Roman coin hoards in the west.  Especially the hoards closing in the years after 271 AD stand out.  Two hypotheses have been proposed to explain the enormous number of hoards closing with a coin for the Tetrici in the north-western part of the former Roman Empire.  One theory states that the hoards can be related to wars, invasions, raids and rebellions.  An alternative hypothesis proposes the «monetary theory» : the non-recovery of hoards was caused by the fact that coins had been demonetised or had simply lost their value.  The non-recovery then was in fact abandonment, after the hoard had become worthless.  As both the «troubles» and the «monetary» hypothesis fail to fully explain these hoards in a convincing way, an adapted hypothesis is proposed.  This survey proposes that the hyperinflation of the period will have influenced the number of non-recovered hoards.  The huge number of low value coins in circulation meant that more individuals than before had to conceal more units of coins more often.  This resulted in more (non-recovered) hoards.

 

Index:

Longo, Katia

Title:

I tipi monetali con le sacre nozze e la Coppia imperiale / Katia Longo

Source:

XIII Congreso Internacional de Numismática, Madrid, 2003 : actas = proceedings = actes. I / ed. por Carmen Alfaro, Carmen Marcos y Paloma Otero. - Madrid : Ministerio de Cultura, Subdirección General de Publicaciones, Información y Documentación, 2005. - P. 771-776

 

Index:

López Sánchez, Fernando 1974-

Title:

Coinage, iconography and the changing political geography of the fifth-century Hispania / Fernando López Sánchez

Source:

Hispania in late antiquity : current perspectives / ed. and transl. by Kim Bowes and Michael Kulikowski, - Boston ; Leiden : Brill, 2005. - (The medieval and early modern Iberian world ; 24). - P. 486-517

 

Index:

López Sánchez, Fernando 1974-

Title:

El tesoro de 498 solidi de San Mamiliano (Sovana, Toscana) y las 'Scholae Palatinae' italianas del siglo V / Fernando López Sánchez

Source:

Il ripostiglio di San Mamiliano a Sovana (Sorano-Gr) : 498 solidi da Onorio a Romolo Augusto / a cura di Ermanno A. Arslan et  Maria Angela Turchetti. - Spoleto : Centro Italiano di Studi sull'alto Medioevo, 2015. - P. 145-163, pl. 1

 

Index:

Vondrovec, Klaus 1976-

Title:

Die Argentei mit Stern des Iulianus III. Caesar / Klaus Vondrovec

Source:

Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Numismatischen Gesellschaft 55 (2015) 2 p. 98–103

 

Index:

Williams, Daniela

Title:

Monete e piombi : due 'borse' di IV-V secolo d.C. trovate a Ferento (Vt, Italia) / Daniela Williams

Source:

XIII Congreso Internacional de Numismática, Madrid, 2003 : actas = proceedings = actes. I / ed. por Carmen Alfaro, Carmen Marcos y Paloma Otero. - Madrid : Ministerio de Cultura, Subdirección General de Publicaciones, Información y Documentación, 2005. - P. 815-821