08. Julius Caesar

Index:

Alföldi, Andreas 1895-1981

Title:

Caesars Tragödie im Spiegel der Münzprägung des Jahres 44 v. Chr. / Andreas Alföldi

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 13 (Mai 1953) p. 1-11

 

Index:

Alföldi, Andreas 1895-1981

Title:

Zur Auswertung der Münzquellen der Geschichte des Jahres 44 v. Chr. 2. Beitr.: Mettius-Denar mit 'Caesar Dict. Qvart.' / Andreas Alföldi

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 50 (März 1964) p. 29-33

 

Index:

Alföldi, Andreas 1895-1981

Title:

Zur Auswertung der Münzquellen der Geschichte des Jahres 44 v. Chr. 3. Beitr.: Die verstümmelte Emission des M. Mettius mit der Legende Caesar Imp und den Münzbuchstaben G-H-I-K-L / Andreas Alföldi

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 51-54 (Mai 1964) p. 65-76

 

Index:

Alföldi, Andreas 1895-1981

Title:

Zur Auswertung der Münzquellen der Geschichte des Jahres 44 v. Chr. 4. Beitr.: Denar des Aemilius Buca mit 'Caesar. Im-P M' / Andreas Alföldi

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 58 (Juni 1965) p. 29-40, pl. 1-5

 

Index:

Alföldi, Andreas 1895-1981

Title:

Zur Auswertung der Münzquellen der Geschichte des Jahres 44 v. Chr. 5. Beitr.: Denar des P. Sepullius Macer mit Caesar Imp / Andreas Alföldi

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 61 (Februar 1966) p. 4-17

 

Index:

Alföldi, Andreas 1895-1981

Title:

Zur Auswertung der Münzquellen der Geschichte des Jahres 44 v. Chr. Beitr. 6, 7, 8, 9, 14 und 15: Massenemission des Macer und des Buca mit Caesar Dict. Perpetuo vor Caesars Ermordung / Andreas Alföldi

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 47 (1968) p. 51-74, pl. 1-10

 

Index:

Alföldi, Andreas 1895-1981

Title:

Zur Auswertung der Münzquellen der Geschichte des Jahres 44 v. Chr. 10. und 11. Beitr.: Zwei irreguläre Denartypen des P. Sepullius Macer mit Caesar Dictator Perpetuo : zur Auswertung der Münzquellen der Geschichte des Jahres 44 v. Chr. / Andreas Alföldi

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 64 (November 1966) p. 145-149

 

Index:

Alföldi, Andreas 1895-1981

Title:

Zur Auswertung der Münzquellen der Geschichte des Jahres 44 v. Chr. 12. und 16. Beitr.: Die ersten beiden Denartypen nach der Ermordung Caesars mit Caesar Imper / Andreas Alföldi

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 71 (August 1968) p. 57-74

 

Index:

Alföldi, Andreas 1895-1981

Title:

Zur Auswertung der Münzquellen der Geschichte des Jahres 44 v. Chr. 13. Beit.g: Der früheste Denartypus des L. Buca mit Caesar Dictator Perpetuo / Andreas Alföldi

Source:

Schweizer Münzblätter 73 (Februar 1969) p. 1-4, pl. 1-2

 

Index:

Amela Valverde, Luis

Title:

El denario de L. Vinicio (RRC 436) : las complejidades de las relaciones políticas momentos antes del inicio de la segunda guerra civil = The denarius of L. Vinicius (RPC 436) ; the complexities of political relations just before the beginning of the second civil war / Luis Amela Valverde

Source:

Documenta & Instrumenta 14 (2016) p. 7-15

Abstract:

L. Vinicius issue a coin series in the late fifties of the first century BC,  shortly before the outbreak of war between Julio Caesar (cos. I 59 BC) and the Senate, led by Cn. Pompey Magnus (cos. I 70 BC), that tries, by its iconography, seek harmony bet-ween the two leaders.

 

Index:

Amela Valverde, Luis

Title:

De nuevo sobre el denario de César con elefante (RRC 443/1) = Again on the 'Elephant Caesar' denarius (RRC 443/1) / Luis Amela Valverde

Source:

Minerva 26 (2013) p. 145-162

Abstract:

Recently there have been several studies of D.L. Nousek, D. Woods y B. Woytek on the first issue of C. Julius Caesar (cos. I 59 BC), the famous “Elephant denarius” (RRC 443/l), one of the most interesting in the Roman numismatic scene. This paper presents a review of the different proposals.

 

Index:

Molinari, Maria Cristina

Title:

Gli aurei a nome di Giulio Cesare e Aulo Irzio / Maria Cristina Molinari

Published:

Milano : Società Numismatica Italiana, 2003

Note:

Offprint from: Rivista Italiana di Numismatica 104 (2003) p. 165-253, pl. 1-10 

 

Index:

Woods, David

Title:

On Caesar's coinage in 48BC / [David Woods]

Source:

Latomus 69 (2010) 1 p. 38-42, pl. 1

Abstract:

ulius Caesar's second issue of coinage in 48BC during his civil-war with Pompey consisted of an aureus, three slightly different varieties of denarius, and a quinarius, all displaying the same basic reverse-type, the legend CAESAR across a trophy. As for the obverse, the aureus and the denarii display the same female head, while the quinarius displays a different female head. In each case, however, the only obverse-legend consists of three letters or numerals at the back of the neck, usually read LII, the number 52 in Roman numerals, where what looks like a reversed letter T is read as the older form of the numeral L. This has traditionally been interpreted in reference to the age of Caesar at the date of issue. This paper argues that this obverse-legend is to be read as IIT, the 3rd person singular of the perfect tense of the verb ire 'to go/advance'. The reverse- and obverse- legends are intended to be read together here as a pure perfect, CAESAR IIT, meaning 'Caesar advances'.

 

Index:

Woytek, Bernhard 1974-

Title:

Julius Caesars Finanzen und Münzprägung im Jahre 49 v. Chr. : Bemerkungen zu RRC 443/1 / Bernhard Woytek

Source:

XIII Congreso Internacional de Numismática, Madrid, 2003 : actas = proceedings = actes. I / ed. por Carmen Alfaro, Carmen Marcos y Paloma Otero. - Madrid : Ministerio de Cultura, Subdirección General de Publicaciones, Información y Documentación, 2005. - P. 643-648

 

Index:

Woytek, Bernhard 1974-

Title:

Die Verwendung von Mehrfachstempeln in der antiken Münzprägung und die 'Elefantendenare' Iulius Caesars (RRC 443/I) / Bernhard Woytek

Source:

Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 85 (2006) p. 69-90, pl. 9-11

Abstract:

In many parts of the Greek world, lower (anvil) dies with more than one obverse type were occasionally used to produce coins, as has long been recognized: When blanks were placed carelessly on such anvil dies, the coins struck from them would show impressions of parts of two dies on their obverses. Such misstrikes are known from Achaemenid sigloi - the present paper adding two more examples -, from Greek coinages of Asia Minor, the mainland, Sicily and Magna Graecia, as well as from Seleucid and Arsacid coins. This phenomenon occurs, however, only on isolated specimens of all the mentioned Greek series, so that it is not even described in most manuals on ancient coinage: Hitherto, it has been studied properly only on Celtic coins, especially on the silver coinages of southern France, where traces of this production technique occur most frequently. In 1995 and 2000, multiple anvil dies were discovered in two - not yet published - hoards of Celtic coining implements unearthed in Bavaria (southern Germany), together with other tools for metal-working. Significantly, the only Roman coin with the impression of a multiple obverse die published up to now is a provincial coin from Gaul, an Augustan col nem bronze from Nemausus, which was part of the hoard of Port-Haliguen. The present paper discusses two elephant denarii of Julius Caesar (RRC 443/1; group of crude style) showing traces of a second border of dots on the obverse, which is a characteristic of coins produced from multiple anvil dies. This technical observation ties in well with the author's hypothesis that RRC 443 was produced by - or on the orders of -Julius Caesar's financial administration in 49 bc, most likely in southern Gaul.