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Peña Martín, Salvador

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Peña Martín, Salvador

Titels:

La amonedación canónica del emirato omeya andalusí antes de ‘Abd al-Rahmān II, según el hallazgo de dírhams de Villaviciosa (Córdoba) / Salvador Peña Martín, Miguel Vega Martín

Source:

Al-Andalus Magreb 14 (2007) p. 149-202

Summary:

The Archaeological Museum of Cordoba preserves three large sets of Islamic medieval coins which were minted in al-Andalus before AH 202/AD 817 and which are probably part of a huge hoard found in Villaviciosa (Cordoba) and known of since the third decade of the 20th century. Such a large set of coins, most of them in a particularly good state, provides strong archaeological evidence to sustain that the Umayyad Emirate of al-Andalus undertook the issuing of coins as a legal resource for the market purposes and the politics of taxes. This happened from the times of ‘Abd al-Ra_mān I, i.e. from the very beginnings of the Emirate, in spite of what has been claimed both inmedieval and contemporary historiography.

 

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Peña Martín, Salvador

Titels:

Con la guía del Corán: crisis y evolución del discurso numismático almohade / Salvador Peña Martín, Miguel Vega Martín

Source:

Al-Qantara 27 (2006) 2 p. 477-527

Summary:

First, we examine some unregistered Almohad and Post-Almohad coins, and discuss the attribution or reading of some others. As a result a discussion of a hypothesis on Idris al-Ma'mun's silver coins is offered and some new items are added to the numismatic corpus of Western Islam. This work leads us to a general overview of the Islamic discourse prevailing in Islamic Spain and North Africa after the so-called Almohad revolution. Considering this discourse as a dynamic work in progress, we focus on a number of issues: (1) the Qur'ānic aim of eternal life as a touchstone in the Almohad system of ideas, (2) the issue whether salvation is possible without actual human guides, (3) the evolution from negative to affirmative theology, (4) the ties binding the numismatic discourse and the Almohad and Post-Almohad ruling classes.

 

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Peña Martín, Salvador

Titels:

Rebuilding the contexts of the Andalusi epigraphic legacy : 'the Friend of God' in the Almoravid numismatic discourse / Salvador Peña Martín, Miguel Vega Martín

Source:

Trans 10 (2006) p. 73-83

Summary:

The Arabic phrase 'Wali Allah' (the Friend of God) is included among the epigraphic legends displayed in the coins issued by the Almoravids (Murabitun) during the first decades of the 12th century AC (6th century AH), in al-Andalus (Islamic Spain) and North Africa. Although the sequence, normally referred to the Almoravid Emir, 'Ali ibn Yusuf, poses no problems of translation in its lexical and syntactic levels, its actual intended meaning within the Almoravid legitimacy discourse reveals itself as a challenge, mostly because of its ambiguity. This paper offers a reconstruction of the different contexts involved in the phrase.

 

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Peña Martín, Salvador

Titels:

Sin patrones metrológicos : política de acuñación de los Ziríes de Granada antes de la restauración monetaria almorávide / por Salvador Peña Martín y Miguel Vega Martín

Source:

Actas XIII Congreso Nacional de Numismática :moneda y arqueología : Cádiz, 22-24 de octubre de 2007. T. II / ed, por Alicia Arévalo González. - Madrid] : Museo Casa de la Moneda ; Cádiz : Universidad de Cádiz, 2009. - P. 871-881

Abstract:

The Berber dynasty of the Zirids, the rulers of the Taifa kingdom of Granada (Spain), issued several series of dirhams that reveal a prominent feature —the lack of any metrological pattern. We first catalogue and describe examples of such pieces housed in different museums in southern Spain and in some private collections, and consequently stress the fact that the Zirids never issued real coins. This claim is viewed from a broader double perspective: the numismatic history of Western Islam and the common space of the Islamic medieval world. As a result of our study, we maintain that the historian and the archaeologist must distinguish between two different policies in numismatic issues, depending on whether the implementation of metrological patterns allows us to speak of real coins or not. Of the latter, the numismatic issues of the «party-kings» of the Taifa-states are an outstanding instance.

 

Index:

Peña Martín, Salvador

Titels:

Who is 'the warrior' on Western Islamic copper coins : (A Quranic key for an unidentified icon) / Salvador Peña and Miguel Vega

Source:

Arabica 55 (2008) p. 113-121