Types of Schools/Types of Admissions

Types of Post-Secondary Schools

  • Most postsecondary schools can be described as public or private, two-year or four-year.
  • Public institutions are state supported. Private for-profit institutions are businesses. Private not-for-profit institutions are independent — for instance, the school might have been established by a church or through local community donations rather than by the state government.
  • Four-year institutions offer bachelor's degrees, and some offer advanced degrees. Two-year institutions offer associate's degrees. Less-than-two-year institutions offer training and award certificates of completion.
          Source: http://www.e-referencedesk.com 


Here's a more detailed description of the kinds of schools you might hear about as you plan for your post-high-school education:


College - A four-year college grants bachelor's degrees (Bachelor of Arts; Bachelor of Science). Some colleges also award master's degrees.

University - A university grants bachelor's and master's degrees, and sometimes includes a professional school such as a law school or medical school. Universities tend to be larger than colleges, focus more on scholarly or scientific research, and might have larger class sizes.

Community college - A public two-year college granting associate's degrees and sometimes certificates in particular technical (career-related) subjects. Many students start their postsecondary education at a community college and then transfer to a four-year school, either because a community college tends to be more affordable than a four-year college, or because of the open admissions policy at community colleges.

Junior college - Similar to a community college, except that a junior college is usually a private school.

Career school, technical school, or vocational/trade school- These terms are often used interchangeably. May be public or private, two-year or less-than-two-year. Career schools offer courses that are designed to prepare students for specific careers, from welding to cosmetology to medical imaging, etc. The difference between technical schools and trade schools is that technical schools teach the science behind the occupation, while trade schools focus on hands-on application of skills needed to do the job.


Source: http://studentaid.ed.gov